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Full text of "Illustrations, historical and genealogical, of King James's Irish army list, 1689"

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Most  Noble  the  Marchioness  of  Londonderry 

Most  Noble  the  Marquess  of  Weslmeath     ... 

Right  Honourable  Lord  Talbot  de  Malahide 

Right  Honourably  Lord  Famham 

Right  Honourable  Sir  William  M.  Somerville,  Bart. 

Right  Honourable  Sir  Thomas  Esmpnde,  Baronet    ... 

Honourable  Sir  Edward  Butler,  Harefield,  Southampton 

Sir  Michael  Dillon  Bellew,  Baronet  (deceased) 

Sir  Edward  Conroy,  Baronet,  Arborfield  Hall,  Reading 

Sir  Bernard  Burke,  Ulster  King  of  Arms     

Honourable  William  Browne  

Anthony  Nugent,  Esq.  Pallas 

James  C.  Fitzgerald  Kenney,  Esq.Kilclogher,  Monivea 

*  An  Irishman  in  London 

J.  J.  Taylor,  Esq.  Swords  House       

The  O'Donovan,  Montpelier  ... 

Robert  Conway  Hurley,  Esq.  Tralee  

James  Redmond  Barry,  Esq.  Commissioner  of  Fisheries 
Lieut.-Col.  James  Fagan,  Bengal  Native  Infantry    ... 

*  An  Irish  Friend  abroad '      

Hugh  Morgan  Tuite,  Esq.  Sonna       

Right  Hon.  A.  M*Donnell,  Commissioner  of  Education 
Alexander  McDonnell,  Esq.  Temple-street,  Dublin 

Dixon  Cornelius  O'KeeflTe,  Esq.  Barrister     

Anthony  Stronge  Hussey,  Esq.  D.L.  

Reverend  Sir  Erasmus  Borrowes,  Baronet 

Colonel  Fitz-Stephen  French,  M.P. 
John  Plunkett,  Esq  .  Portmamock 

Nicholas  Purcell  O  Gorman,  Esq.  Q.C 

Serjeant  Howley,  &c.  

J.  R.  Coulthart  of  Coulthart,  Croft's  House,  Ashton- 

under-Lyne  ...         •••         ...         ...         ... 

John  Howard  Kyan,  Esq 

A.  J.  Maley,  Esq.  Barrister 

Sir  Henry  Winston  Barron,  Baronet  

The  M*Gillicuddy  of  the  Reeks         

Honourable  Thomas  Preston,  Gormanston  Castle     ... 
Robert  Russell  Cruise,  Esq.  Dry  nam,  Malahide 
Lady  Henrietta  Chichester  Nagle,  Calverly  House  ... 

The  O'Driscoll,  Brussels         

Rev.  John  Quinn,  P.P.  Magherafelt 

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William  Burke  Ryan,  Esq.  M.  D.  London     

Herbert  Baldwin,  Esq.  M.  D.  Cork 

Doctor  Mac  Cabe,  Esq.  J.  P.  Hastings 

Terence  Sheridan,  Esq.  Trim  

Rev.  Georce  Leonard,  P.  P.  Old  Castle        

Richard  D  Alton,  Esq.  Tipperarj      

Robert  Nicholson,  Esq.  Barrister,  Bangor    ... 

Reverend  Alexander  Roche,  P.P.  Bray 

Very  Rev.  Dean  Kenny,  Ennis  - 

Reverend  Andrew  Quinn,  Kilfenora  

J.  Roderick  OTlanagan,  Esq.  Barrister        

R.  R.  :Madden,  Esq.  M.  D.  &c 

Vincent  Scully,  Esq.  Q.  C.     ...         

Coote  MuUoy,  Esq.  Hughstown 

Myles  Taaffe,  Esq.  Smarmore,  Ardce  

Michael  Lysaght,  Esq.  Ennis  

Chartres  Brew  Moloney,  Esq.  Solicitor,  Ennis 

John  Fleming,  Esq.  Dublin 

William  O'Connor,  Esq.  M.  D.  London ;  A.  C.  Pallas, 
Esq. ;  Thomas  O'Gorman,  Esq.  Drumcondra ;  Rev. 
E.  P.  Conway,  C.  C.  Lower  Badony ;  Rev.  Samuel 
Hayman,  Youghal  ;  Rev.  J.  C.  O'Connor,  C.  C. 
Sandyfort ;  M.  R.  Plunkett,  Esq.  R.  M. ;  Mr.  Ed- 
ward Fitz-Gerald,  Architect,  Youghal ;  Ignatius  F. 
Purcell,  Esq.  Crumlin  House  ;  S.  G.  Purdon,  Esq. 
D.  L.,  Killaloe ;  John  W.  Hanna,  Esq.  Down- 
patrick ;  Rev.  Thomas  M*Donnell,  Shortwood,Tera- 
plecloud,  Bristol ;  Rev.  J.  O'Doherty,  Co.  Tyrone, 
and  Thomas  Kelly,  Esq.  D.  L.  Dublin,  each  lOs. 

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McAoIiffe,  Thomas.  Esq.,  Cork. 
Aylmer,  Michael  V.  Esq.,  2  copies. 
Ajlward,  Michael,  Esq.,  Liverpool. 

Babington,  William,  Esq. 
Bagot,  J.  J.  Esq.,  D.L.  2  copies, 
Baldwin,  Herbert,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Cork. 
Ball,  Right  Hon.  Nicholas,  .Judge  C.  P. 
Barnes,  T.  Hibbert  Ware,  Esq. 
Barron,  Sir  H.  Winston,  Baronet. 
Barry,  WiUiwn,  Esq.,  Barryscourt. 

O'Beme,  John  Taaffe,  Esq. 

Blaaaw,    W.     H.    £j>q.,     Beechkoc 

Botfield,    Beriah,   Esq.,   Norton  Ha] 

Bonrke,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Bray. 
Brazill,    S.    D.,    Esq.,   Jonesboroagl 

Brennan,  Mr.  H.,  NewcasUe-on-Tyne 
Brodigan,     Francis,    Esq.,     Barristc 

London,  2  copies. 



Browne,  M.  J.  Eaq.,  Moyne,  S  copies, 
Burke,  St  George,  Barrister,  London. 
Burke.  Joseph,  Esq.,  Ower,  Hemdfort. 
Barke,  William,  K$q.,        Do. 
Burice,  Mr.  J.  Edge  ware  Road,  London. 
Bntler,  Very  Rev.  Dean,  Trim, 
Batler,  Hon.  Sir  Edward,  Harefield. 
Bntt,  Isaac  Esq.,  M.  P. 
Bjme,  J.  J.  Esq.,  Dublin,  2  ixpiet. 
Byrne,  Mr.  Mjles,  Newbridge  National 

O'Byme,  Patrick,  Esq.,  Tablet  Office. 
O'Byme,  Mr.  Summer  Hill,  Dublin. 

Carew,  Right  Honourable  Lord. 
Clbkmout,  Right  Honourable  Lobd, 

U  copies. 
Mac  Cabe,  Doctor,  Hastings. 
Carroll,  Patrick,  Esq.  Goranes. 
O'Carroll,  Mr.  Peter,  Kingstown. 
Mac  Carthj,  D.  Esq..  Skibbereen. 
Casey,  J.  K.  Esq.,  Philadelphia. 
Cassidy,  J.  B.  Esq.,  Bury,  Lancashire. 
Caulfield,  W.  A.  Esq.,  Killeen  House. 
O'Cavanagh,  T.  E.  Esq.,  Wexford. 
Chadwick,     Elias,     Esq.,     Pudleston 

Court,  Leominster. 
Clare,  Mr.  John,  Colchester. 
Clarke,  Thomas  St  John,  Carriganear. 
Clogher,  Diocesan  Seminary  of. 
Close,  M.  Esq.,  Drumbanagher. 
0*Connell,    Cliarles,    Esq.,    Solicitor, 

Castle-Park,  Lahinch. 
O'Connell,  Captain  John,  M.P. 
O'Connell,  Rev.  M.,  C.C,  Emly. 
O'Connor,   Very  Rev.  Thomas,  D.D., 

P.P.,  Lough  Glynn. 
O'Connor,  Rev.  Mr.  D.D.,  P.P.,  Tem- 

O'Connor,  Rev.  J.  C,  C.C,  Sandyfort, 

O'Connor,  Rev.  Michael,  Clare-Abbey 

and  Kiloen,  Clare. 
O'Connor,  Patrick,  Esq.,  Dundermot. 
O'Connor,  William,  Esq.  M.D.,  Lon- 
O'Conor,     Roderick,     Esq.    Miltown, 

Conroy,  Sir  Edward,  Bart.  2  copies. 
Considine,  Patrick,  Esq.  I.  R 
Conway,  Rev.  E.  P.,  C.C,  Badony. 
Creagh,  Michael,  Esq.  Solicitor,  2  copies. 
Crofbon,  Sir  Malby,  Baronet,  Longford 

House,  Colloooey. 

Mc  Croasan,  Rev.  Charles,  P.P.,  Ard. 

Cruioe,  The  Very  Rev.  the  Abbd,  Paris. 
Cruice,  Major. 
Cruise,  Robert  Rus:>ell,  Esq.  Drynam, 

2  copies. 
CuUinan,  Ralph,  Esq.  Magowna. 
Curtu>ue,  WilliAm,  Esq.  Cork. 

Duns  ANT,  Right  Hon.  Lord. 

D' Alton,  MetUirs.  William  and  Frede- 
rick,  Montreal,  25  copies. 

D'AIton,  Mr.  Liverpool. 

D'Alton,  Richard,  Esq.  Tipperary,  3 

Daly,  Cornelius.  Esq.  Cork. 

D'Arcy,  J.  J.  Norman  and  Thomas  L., 
2  copies. 

Delamere,  Mr.  Nicholas  Herbert,  Liver- 

Dempster,  Davis  Carroll,  Esq.  New. 
land  Houfte,  Borris-o-Kane,  7  copies. 

Devenish,  John,  Esq.  Mount  Pleasant. 

Dixon,  Most  Rev.  Dr.,  R.  C.  Primatk 
OF  Armagh,  2  copies, 

0*Doherty,  Rev.  Daniel,  Cappagh. 

Doherty,  Rev.  John. 

DoUn,  Thomas,  Esq  Ardee. 

Mc  Donnell,  John,  Esq.  Merrion  Square. 

Mc  Donnell,  Luke,  Esq.         Do. 

Mc  Donnell,  Alexander,  Esq.  Surgeon. 

Mc  Donnell,  Rev.  J.  M.  Shortwood, 
Templecloud,  Bristol. 

Mc  Donnell,  Rev.  J.  P.P.,  Donough- 

The  O'Donovan,  4  copies. 

O'Donovan  Rossa,  Jeremiah,  Esq.  Skib- 

Dougherty,  Mr.  Charles  William,  Ana- 
gassan  Mills. 

Dowling,  Rev.  William,  Ballycolla,  Ab- 
beyleix,  2  copies. 

Downing,  Mc  Carthy,  Esq.  Skibbereen. 

The  O'Driscoll,  Brussels. 

Drogheda  Mechanics'  Institute. 

Dunne,  Matthew,  Esq.  Inspector  of 
Mines,  Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

O'Dwyer,  Rev.  Thomaa,  C.C,  Cooks- 
town,  Enniskerry,  2  copies, 

Esmonde,  Sir  Thomas,  Baronet,  4  copies. 
Evans,  Captain,  A.  P.,  Royal  Hospital, 
Chelsea,  2  copies. 



FiNGAL,  Right  Hod.  tub  Earl  of,  4  , 

F«gan,  LieQieoant-CoIonel  James,  B«n> 

gid  Native  Infantry. 
Falconer,  Thomas,  Esq.  Judge  of  the 

Coantj  Court  of  Glamorganshire. 
Ferguson,  Robert,  Esq.,  Barribter. 
O'Ferrall,  Right  Hon.  Richard  More. 
Fitzgerald,  Rev.  John,  Kiltomb,  Ath-  ' 

lone.  I 

Fitzgerald.    Mr.    Edward,    Architect, 

Fitzpatrick,  Patrick  Vincent,  Esq. 
Fitzpatrick,  William  J.  Esq. 
Fleming,  John,  Esq.  Dublin. 
Flood,  Richard,  Esq.  Kells. 
Fljnn,  Jame5,  Esq.   M.D.,  Clonmel. 
French,  Lieutenant- Colonel,   Prospect- 
Hill,  Gal  way. 
Frewin,  Thomas,  Esq.  Breakwall  House, 

Northam,  Staplehurst. 
Frost,  John,  Esq.  Solicitor,  Ennis. 

Gal  way  Royal  Institution. 

O'Gara,  Mr.  London. 

Mc  Geehan,  Mr.  John,  Meenmore,  by 
Glen  ties. 

Geoghegan,  Joseph,  Esq.  Dublin,  5 

Geoghegan,  M.  J.  Esq.  Solicitor, 
Regent's  Park  Terrace,  London. 

Oethins,  alias  McGettigan,  Mr.  Wil- 
liam, Ballyshannon. 

Gibbs,  H.  H.  Esq.  Hampstead,  Lon- 
don, 2  copies. 

McGillicuddy  of  the  Reeks. 

Gilligan,  Rev.  P.  J.  James 's-street, 
Dublin,  S  copies. 

Given,  Robert,  Esq.  Coleraine. 

Glennon,  Timothy,  Esq.  Coventry. 

Good,  Rev.  John,  Colleen  House, 

Goold,  Wyudham,  Esq.  (deceased)  5 

O'Gorman,  Nicholas  Pnrcell,  Esq. 

O'Gorman,  Thomas,  Esq.  Drumcondra. 

Graves,  Rev.  James,  Kilkenny. 

Griffin,  Rev.  G.  A.  New  Abbey,  Dum- 

Guynemor,  H.  Nobil  Huomo  Signor 
Carlo,  Casa  Salvi,  Pisa,  2  copies. 

Hamilton,  George  A.  l'>q.  M.P. 

O'Hanlon,  Rev.  John,  Catholic  Chap- 

lain.  South  Dublin  Union. 
O'Hanlon,  Mr.  Patrick,  Liverpool. 
Haniia,  John  W.  Esq.  Downpatrick. 
O'Hara,  H.  E»q.  Crebilly  House. 
Hayden,  Thomas.  Esq.  M.D.  Dublin. 
Hayes,  Denis,  Esq. 
Hayman.  Rev.  Samurl,  YoughaL 
Healy,  Wm.  Esq.  Manager  Tipperary 

Heath,  Edward.  Esq.  M.D.  Surgeon  o( 

H.M.S.  •  Dauntless.' 
Hoffeman,  Rev.  William,  Clonmel. 
Hehir,  Thomas,  Esq.  M.D. 
Higgins,    Captain    Fitz-GeralJ,    Glen- 

corrib  House,  Headfort. 
O'Hogan,  Edmund,  Esq.  .M.D. 
Hogan,  Mr.  John,  Mnllingar. 
Hore,  Herbert  F.  Pole  Hore. 
Honlahan,  Mr.  Ritrhard,  Knock toplier. 
Hurley.     Robert    Conway    and   John, 

Esqrs.  Tralee.  4  copies 
Hussey,  Anthony  S.  Esq.  D.L. 
*  H.'  An  Irish  friend  abroad,  2  copies. 

KiLDABR.  Most  Noble  the  Marqukss 
OF,  2  copies. 

Kean,  Francis  N.  Esq.  J.  P.  Ennis. 

Kean.  Mr.  Michael,  Ennistymon. 

O'Kejimey,  Mr. 

O'Keeffo,  Dixon  Cornelius,  Barrister,  6 

O'Keeffe,  Patrick,  Esq.  Ix)ndon, 

O'Kclly,  William,  Esq.  Liverpool 

Kelly,  Thomas,  Esq.  D.L. 

Kelly,  John  William,  Esq.  C.  E. 

Kelly,  Mr.  Patrick,  Cork. 

McKenna,  Mr.  Edward  Ryan.  Nenagh. 

O'Kennedy,  Mr.  McKennedy. 

Kenney,  James  C.  F.  Esq.  Kilclogher. 

Kenny,  Very  Rev.  Dean.  Ennis. 

Keogh,  Right  Hon.  William,  Attorney- 
General  for  Ireland. 

Kerin,  Michael,  Esq.  Ennis. 

M';Kerrill,  R.  Esq.  Inverness  Terrace, 
Bayswater,  London. 

Killen,  Very  Rev.  Dr.  Prior  of  the 
Augustinians,  Galway. 

O'Kinealy,  M.  Esq. 

King's  Inns  Library. 

Kinsellagh,  James,  Esq.  Wexford. 

Knox,  John  B.  Esq.  Ennis. 

Kyan,  John  Howard,  Esq.  2  copies. 

Kyle,  William  C.  Esq,  Barriiiter,  L.I^D. 




Lalor,  Thomas,  Eaq.  Cregg,   Carrick- 

Mac    LoQghlin,    Very    Rev.    Francis, 

Lawless,  Hon.  Mr. 
Leonard.  Rev.    G.,   P.P.  Oldcastle,  2 

Levinge,  Godfrey,  Esq.  (deceased). 
Long,  William,  Esq.  Mary-street,  Dub- 
Loughnan,  James,  S.  Esq.  Kilkenny. 
Lougbnan,  John,  Ksq.  Solicitor 
Lvnagh,  James  F.  Esq.  Rathminea. 
Lynagh,  William,  Esq.      Do. 
Lysaght,  Michael,  Esq.  Ennis. 
Lysaght.  Walter,  Esq.     Do. 
Lysaght,  George,  Esq.  Kilcomey,  Bur- 

Lysaght,    Thomas,     Esq.    Carrickeal, 

Lysaght,  Patrick  Angnstos,  Esq.  La- 

binch,  Coonty  of  Clare. 

Mac  Cabe,   Mr.   Dennis,    Mollogb,   2 

Mac  Mahon,  Rev.  James,  C.C,  Ennis. 
Mac  Mahon,  Timothy.  Esq.  I. P. 
Mac  Mahon,  Mr.  Rosse,  Leadgate,  Dur- 
Macnamara,    Colonel    Francis,    D.L., 

Ennbtymon  House. 
Macnamara,   Michael,    Esq.    Solicitor, 

Macnamara,   Thomas,    Esq     Solicitor, 

Madden,  Mrs. A.  Sydney,  Hilton,  Clones. 
Madden,  Rev.  Mr.,  C.C.  Kilfenora. 
Mageunis,  Mrs.  Harold-Hall,  Bedlbrd- 

Magennis,  Eiver,  Esq.  Points  Pass. 
Magennis,  John,  Esq.  Manchester. 
Maher.  William.  Esq.  Carrick-ma-cross. 
Maley,  A.  J.  Esq.  Barrister,  2  copiet. 
Malone.  Felix,  FiSq. 
Meagher,    Michael,    Esq.    Monamore, 

Meeban,  Rev.  C.  P.,  Dublin. 
Meyer,  James,  Esq.  Bayswater,  London. 
Moloney,  Croasdaile,  Esq.  Newmarket- 

Moloney,  Chartres  Brew,  Esq.  Solicitor, 

Mooney,  Robert,  Esq.  Booterstown. 
Aloore,  Rev.  Philip,  C.C.  Rosbercon. 

Moore,  Mr.  John,  Thomastown. 
Morres.  Rev.  Francis  Orpen,  Nunbum- 

holme  Rectory.  Hayton,  York. 
Mullally,    Michael,    Esq.     Ballycullen. 
CMnlien,  John,  Esq.  Londonderry. 
The  Misses  MoIIoy,  Oakport-Cottage. 
Mulloy,  Coote,  Esq.  Hughstown. 
Mulrenin.  Bernard,  Esq.  F.R.H.A. 
MuRFHT,  Right  Rev.  T.,  D.D.,  fi.C. 

Bishop  of  Cork. 
Murphy,  John  B.  Esq.  Barrister. 

Nagle,  Chichester,  Esq.  Calverly  Court, 

Tiverton,  2  copies. 
Nmgle,  John,  Esq.  M.D.,  Cork. 
Mc  Nau.y,  Right  Rev.  Charles,  D  D., 

R.  C.  Bishop  op  Clooher. 
Nangle.  George.  Esq. 
Nash,  De  Lacy,  Esq.  London. 
Nicholson,  Robert,  Esq.  Bangor. 
Norton.  John,  Esq.  New- Bridge,  Co 

Nugent,  Arthur,    Esq.    Cranna,    Por- 

tumna,  2  copies. 

Oliver,    Reverend   George,    D.D.,    St 

Nicholas's  Priory,  Exeter. 
Oxburgh,  Mr.  Co.  of  Westmeath. 

Petherham,  Mr  John,  Bookseller,  Lon- 
don, 2  copies, 

Plankett,  Michael  R.  Esq.  R.M. 

Powell,  Major  Henry  J. 

Power,  Sir  James,  Baronet. 

Power,  Nicholas  0*NeiIl.  Esq.  Snow 
Hill,  Ferrybank,  Waterford,  2  copies. 

Preston,  Honorable  Thomas.  2  copies. 

Prim,  John  G.  A.  Esq.  Kilkenny. 

Purcell.  Mrs.  Halverston,  2  copies, 

Puroell,  Ignatius  Francis,  Esq.  Cmm- 
lin  House. 

Purdon,  S.  G.  Esq.  D.  L.,  Tinerana, 

Quinn,  Rev.  ThoouM,  P.P.,  Inagh  and 

Quinn,  Mr.  F.  J. 

Reade,  Philip,  Esq.  Woodpark,  Scariff. 
Redmond,  Sylvester,  Esq.  Liverpool 
Redmond,  J.  H.  Esq.         Do. 
Reilly,  Michael,  Mr.  Killefacy,  Mount- 

O'Reilly,  Terence,  Esq.  Solicitor. 




Renehan,  ReT.  Lanrence,  President  of 

^Uynooth  CoUege. 
Reynolds,  Tliomas,  Esq.  City  Marshal. 
Roche,  Rev.  Alexander,  Bray. 
Roche,   W.    S.   Esq.  M.B..   Assistant 

Snrgeon  H.M.S.  *  Snake.' 
Rougluin,  Rev.  Michael,  P.P.,  Kildy- 

Rowan,  Rev.  A.  B.  Behnont.  Tralee. 
Ryan,  William  Barke,  Esq.  M.D.  Lon- 

don,  3  copies, 
Ryan,  Rev.  Mr.  St.  John's  Wood,  Lon- 

Ryan,  BIr.  Dennis,  Broff. 
O'Ryan,  John,  Esq.  Olohenon  House. 

Sainthill,  R.  Esq.  Cork. 

Sarsfield,  T.  Ronayne,  Esq. 

Soott,  Rohert,  Esq.  Great  Bar,  Stoor. 

Scully,  Mr.  Michael,  Cloughnakilty. 
Segrave,  Rev.  Peter,  Del|i^y. 
Mac  Shane,  Mr.  James,  Dnngannon. 
O'Shaughnessy,  Mark,  Esq.  Barrister, 

Shaw,  John,  Esq.  Ennit. 
O'Shea,  Miss,  North  Mall,  Cork. 
Sheehan,     Very     Rev.     John,     P.P. 

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Skerrett,  William  Joseph,  Esq.  Finna- 

varra  House,  Burrin. 
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Smythe,  Robert,  Esq.  Dmmcree. 
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Worn,  Mr.  Richard,  Dublin,  2  copies. 


I  HAVE  been  often,  and  by  many,  invited  to  leave  in 
print,  from  my  extensive  manuscript  collections,  some 
records  of  the  families  indigenous  to,  or  long  natural- 
ized in  Ireland  ;  their  origin,  actings,  and  '  habitats.' 
Yet  it  was  not  until  a  crisis  of  natural  hurricanes 
had  felled  'the  flowers  of  the  forest,'  and  dismantled 
their  once  flourishing  companions,  of  bloom  and  foliage, 
that  the  appeal  was  mournfully  efiective.  It  was  not 
a  task  of  labour  to  me ;  it  was  willingly  and  zealously 
undertaken.  I  examined  my  relics  of  other  days ; 
and  one  little  tract,  of  which  I  had  a  copy,  the 
Muster  Roll  of  the  Army  of  King  James  the  Second 
in  Ireland,  giving  the  names  of  the  several  Colonels 
and  subaltern  officers  of  the  respective  Regiments  of 
Horse,  Dragoons,  and  Infantry  in  his  service,  seemed 
f  akin  to  the  subject   I   sought  to  effectuate.      The 

I  families  in  commission   thereupon,   upwards  of  five 

hundred,  were  the  aristocracy  of  their  country  at  that 




day  ;  and  though  all  who  were  then  able  to  bear 
arms  in  the  Stuart  cause,  were  decimated  on  the 
deadly  fields  of  this  campaign,  very  many  names  still 
survived  and  struggled  in  respectability  and  tenure 
almost  to  the  present  time. 

When  I  embraced  the  project,  I  devoted  to  its 
accomplishment  such  literary  aid  as  I  could  draw 
from  those  manuscripts,  which  it  has  cost  me  nearly 
fifty  years  of  labour,  research,  and  outlay  to  accumu- 
late. They  extend  through  upwards  of  two  hundred 
volumes,  and  especially  supply  a  singular  mass  of  in- 
formation for  illustrating  the  lineage,  honours  and 
achievements  of  families  connected  with  Ireland  by 
*•  title,  tenure,  rank,  birtli,  or  alliance.  Having  here- 
tofore furnished  some  genealogical  Memoirs  on  liberal 
support,  I  felt  confident  that,  when  I  embraced  a 
grouping  so  extensive  as  that  of  King  James's  Army 
List,  more  than  the  mere  expenses  of  my  outlay  in 
printing  and  paper  would  be  cheerfully  volunteered 
for  my  indemnity.  I  gave  every  reasonable  publicity 
to  the  project,  and  was  gratified  by  the  warm  co- 
operation of  the  Irish  press  and  some  of  the  English. 
I  also  issued  very  generally  circulars,  in  which  were 
detailed  the  Regiments  to  be  treated  of;  Eight  of 
Horse,  Seven  of  Dragoons,  and  Fifty-six  of  Infantry ; 
on  all  which  the  Colonels,  Majors,  Captains  and  sub- 


altems  are  named  and  classed.  Of  the  family  of  each 
I  proposed  to  give  Historical  and  Genealogical  Illus- 
trations ;  with  especial  regard,  in  the  case  of  Irish 
Septs,  to  their  respective  ancient  localities  ;  and  in 
that  of  surnames  introduced  from  England  or  Scot- 
land, to  the  counties  from  which  they  migrated,  and 
the  periods  of  their  coming  over.  After  some  notices 
of  early  chronology,  I  designed  to  shew  how  far  each 
of  these  was  affected  by  Cromwell's  Denunciation 
Ordinance  of  1652,  and  by  attainders  and  confisca- 
tions, more  particularly  those  of  1642  and  1691  ; 
how  they  were  represented  in  Sir  John  Perrot's  memo- 
rable Conciliation  Parliament  of  1585,  in  the  Assem- 
bly of  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilkenny  in  1646, 
and  in  King  James's  own  Parliament  of  May,  1689; 
what  members  of  those  names  were  distinguished  by 
Royal  Thanks  in  the  Act  of  Settlement ;  how  far  they 
were  nominated  in  King  James's  New  Charters ;  what 
claims  were  preferred,  and  with  what  success,  against 
their  confiscations  at  Chichester  House  in  1700;  and 
lastly,  to  a  reasonable  extent,  their  subsequent  honours 
and  achievements  in  the  exiled  Brigades.  This  latter 
designed  portion  has  however  been,  as  I  indeed  an- 
ticipated in  my  Circular,  considerably  lessened  by  the 
recent  and  continuing  publication  of  Mr.  O'Callaghan, 
whose  researches,  diligence,  and  enthusiasm  peculiarly 


qualified  him  for  the  task.  Of  this  my  scope  of  illus- 
trations, a  Peer,  of  high  literary  attainments  and  of 
the  most  active  and  practical  nationality,  was  pleased 
to  write  to  me,  "If  the  work  is  carried  on  according 
to  your  plan,  it  will  prove  a  most  valuable  compila- 
tion,  and  be  absolutely  indispensable  for  the  library 
of  every  Irishman." 

I  calculated  that  the  Illustrations  should  extend 
from  six  hundred  to  eight  hundred  pages  ;  but,  as- 
sured as  I  might  well  feel  by  such  a  testimonial,  that 
the  sale  would  be  very  extensive  (at  least  one  thou- 
sand copies),  I  limited  the  price  for  subscribers  to  ten 
shillings  ;  while  I  sought  to  indemnify  myself  against 
possible  loss  in  the  outlay,  and  in  probable  though  un- 
designed defalcation  in  the  collecting  of  small  sums 
from  widely  scattered  and  shifting  subscribers  (a 
large  number  in  America),  by  requiring  that  an  in- 
demnity of  £200,  irrespective  of  copies^  should  be 
secured  to  me  by  those  who  felt  nationally  or  indi- 
vidually interested  in  the  work.  My  collections  for 
this  indemnity  commenced  in  last  March,  and  a  List 
for  general  subscribers  was  opened  at  the  same  time. 
In  June  the  Indemnity  had  reached  only  £100,  and 
not  three  hundred  copies  were  engaged,  when  it  was 
my  first  thought  to  return  the  money  so  advanced 
and  abandon  the  project ;  but,  thinking  such  conduct 


might  be  considered  a  breach  of  faith  with  those 
who  had  fulfilled  their  parts,  I  put  the  manuscript 
in  the  printer's  hands,  limiting  the  impression  to 
five  hundred  copies,  while  the  price  remained  unal- 
tered. As  the  work  progressed  through  the  press,  I 
felt  that  I  had  much  under-rated  its  extent ;  my  own 
materials  for  the  several  memoirs  would  have  far  ex- 
ceeded one  thousand  pages,  yet  was  it  not  until  much 
of  the  book  was  printed  oflF,  that  at  p.  353  I  felt 
necessitated  to  commence  the  irksome  labour  of  abridg- 
ing and  pruning  the  ensuing  copy.  It  remains, 
however,  an  overgrown  volume.  The  payments  to  the 
Indemnity  are  yet  but  £157  lis.  ;  the  number  of  scat- 
tered copies  engaged,  little  more  than  four  hundred. 
Such  are  my  especial  grounds  of  disappointment. 
Those  to  the  cause  I  have  felt  more  deeply. 

I  was  too  well  aware  of  that  destruction  of  the 
genealogical  archives  of  my  country,  which  cam- 
paigns of  slaughter,  confiscation,  and  persecution 
had  effected.  Two  great  civil  wars,  the  result  of 
misguided  loyalty  and  ill-requited  enthusiasm,  having 
involved  and  crushed,  with  relentless  ruin,  the  native 
aristocracies  of  each  period,  all  Ireland  became  in 
a  manner  forfeited  from  its  old  proprietors,  subjected 
as  they  were  to  a  succession  of  parliamentary  attain- 
ders.    The  victims  of  this  fatal  policy,  expatriated 



from  the  scenes  of  their  hereditary  history,  were  at 
least  eager,  wlien  they  could,  to  carry  with  them  its 
reconls  and  memorials.  They  snatched  up  from  tlie 
libraries  and  monasteries  and  cabinets,  the  annals,  the 
muniments,  the  title-deeds  of  the  land.  They  carried 
them  off  as  all  of  venerable  that  could  then  W  saved 
from  the  desolation  that  rioted  over  their  homes. 
They  treasured  them  as  the  Penates  of  their  early 
attachment ;  and,  when  they  looked  uix)n  the  moul- 
dering fragments  of  these  native  documents,  in  the 
respective  lands  of  their  exile,  the  remembrance  of 
their  country  was  softened  into  melancholy  endurance. 
In  all  my  circulars  and  otherwise,  I  sedulously  la- 
boured to  discover  such  of  these  memorials  as  might 
yet  scantily  exist,  and  solicited  the  inspection  of  any 
ancient  family  manuscripts,  pedigrees,  diaries,  or  cor- 
respondence, notes  of  well  accredited  tradition  or  local 
memorials,  that  might  be  relevant  to  the  times,  and 
could  be  afforded  or  obtained.  They  should  explain, 
strengthen,  verify,  and  enrich  my  own  notices  ;  iden- 
tify the  cavaliers  and  their  descendants  whom  I 
sought  to  record,  and  establish  links  of  their  respective 
kindred.  I  thought  the  opportunity  I  thus  afforded 
of  noting,  as  on  record,  what  may  otherwise  be  forever 
lost,  would  be  zealously  embraced ;  yet  was  my  appeal 
responded  to  only  by  the  O'Donovan  of  Montpelier, 


Messrs.  Hurley,  Haly,  O'CarroU-Dempster,  Loughrian, 
Browne  of  Mx)yne,  and  O'KeeflFe.     I  was  left  to  the 
exclusive  resources  of  my  own  manuscripts,  and  the 
able  and  fortunately  numerous  genealogical  publica- 
tions of  Sir  Bernard  Burke.     If,  therefore,  my  illus- 
trations could  not  be  rendered  complete,  or  if,  yet 
more,  they  are  erroneous,  blame  should  attach  more  to 
those  who  withheld  information  within  their  know- 
ledge, than  to  me  who  vainly  sought  it.     I  did  not 
profess  to  connect  pedigrees,  but  only  to  preserve 
scattered  —  undoubted  links,  and  aflFord  legal  evi- 
dence of  their  former  existence.     So  anxious,  however, 
am  I  that  these  '  discerpta  membra'  should  be  re- 
connected and  faithfully  restored,  that,  while  life  is 
spared  to  me,  I  shall  gladly  receive  such  ancient 
family  papers  and  vouchers  as  I  heretofore  sought, 
test  them  by  my  own  collections,  and,  embodying  all 
with  what  I  have  been  obliged  to  withdraw  from  the 
present  work,  I  shall  be  able  from  the  whole  to  digest 
all  that  is  relevant,  and  cast  away  surplusage.     Or, 
if  so  great  a  general  labour  is  beyond  attainment  or 
due  encouragement,  I  shall  give  the  results  of  partial 
prompt  communications,  as  addenda  to  the  present 
volume,  or  more  gladly  assign  the  whole  to  a  publisher. 
I  shall  only  take  leave  to  add,  that  all  the  state- 
ments in  this  volume  are  based  upon  pure  authorities. 


and^  as  far  as  possible,  are  given  in  their  language, 
the  native  annals  being  chiefly  adopted  from  the  Four 
Masters :  and  I  confidently  rely  that  the  several 
*  Illustrations '  herein  develop  scenes,  events,  and 
doings  of  chivalrous  loyalty,  disinterested  friendship, 
and  devoted  love,  such  as  the  history  of  less  stirring 
times  cannot  afford.  The  names  of  the  respective 
actors  are  arranged  in  a  copious  Index. 


48,  Sammer-hill,  Dublin. 
29th  October,  1855. 




— »»|0 — 

The  Civil  War,  that  commenced  in  Ireland  in  1689, 
and  whose  discomfited  partisans,  their  broken  fortunes 
and  attainted  families,  the  ensuing  pages  are  designed 
to  record,  originated  in  bitter  feelings,  generated  a 
century  and  an  half  previously,  when  the  relentless 
arm  of  one,  whom  history  has  truly  delineated  a  Royal 
Despot,  sought  to  enforce  the  religion  of  the  Refor- 
mation on  that  reluctant  country.  Happily,  it  is  not 
necessary  nor  fitting  here  to  enter  into  unwelcome 
controversy  ;  enough  to  rely  upon  the  facts  of  his- 
tory, and  confidently  to  assert  that  in  Ireland,  legis- 
lative persecution  was  pre-eminently  directed  to  such 
an  object.  The  declaration  of  the  king's  supremacy, 
the  abolition  of  appeals  to  Rome,  the  conferring  the 
election  to  ecclesiastical  preferments  on  the  Crown, 
(not  only  of  bishoprics,  but  those  of  exclusively  Roman 
Catholic  endowed  abbeys,  priories,  and  colleges)  ;  the 
suppression  of  the  principal  religious  establishments 
on  delusive  surrenders,  the  confiscation  and  lay  ap- 
propriation of  their  revenues  and  possessions,  created 



feelings  of  hostility  to  the  English  government,  that 
the  progress  of  time  but  encreased  On  Queen  Mary's 
accession,  her  parliament  suspended  the  action  of  these 
penal  inflictions, — Queen  Elizabeth  restored  them 
with  the  superadded  terrors  of  the  Act  of  Uniformity. 
This  autocratic  effort  of  bigotry  was,  it  may  be  said, 
allowed  to  sleep  during  her  reign,  but,  in  the  times  of 
her  successors,  it  was  startled  into  vigorous  operation. 
The  policy  of  James  the  First  devised  in  1613  a 
new  and  more  temporal  grievance  for  the  Irish  peo- 
ple ; — the  Commission  of  Grace,  as  it  was  styled,  which 
abolished  the  old  tenures  of  immemorial  native  use, 
tanistry  and  gavelkind.  The  uncertain  exactions, 
theretofore  imposed  upon  the  tenantry,  were,  it  is 
true,  thereby  altered  into  certain  annual  rents  and 
free  holdings,  a  change  that  would  at  first  sight  ap- 
pear beneficial  to  the  people  ;  but,  when  it  is  under- 
stood that  these  Irish  tenures  gave  occupants  only  a 
life  estate  in  their  lands,  and  that,  while  these  were 
suffered  to  exist,  no  benefit  whatsoever  could  accrue 
to  the  crown  on  attainders  ;  whereas  the  new  patents, 
which  this  commission,  as  on  defective  titles,  invited 
the  proprietors  to  take  out,  gave  the  fee  to  the  king,  the 
old  being  for  ever  surrendered,  they  were  obvious  and 
powerful  securities,  that,  on  any  act  as  of  constructive 
treason,  might  absorb  the  whole  interest  from  the 
native  tanists.  At  the  same  time  fell  upon  the  Irish 
Catholic  population,  what  the  Protestant  Bishop  of 
Leighlin  and  Ferns,  in  an  official  return  of  1612, 
designated,  "  the  payment  of  double  tithes  and  offer- 


ings,  the  one  paid  by  them  to  ^^5,  and  the  other  unt 
their  own  Clergy.'' 

In  1626,  in  the  pecuniary  exigencies  of  the  es 
chequer,    King  Charles  was  induced  to  proflFer  ne^ 
'  Graces,'  as  a  consideration  for  liberal  advances  c 
money  from  the  Irish  Roman  Catholics.    By  this  devic 
it  was  provided,  that  the  taking  of  the  oath  of  supremac; 
should  be  dispensed  with,  and  ecclesiastical  exaction 
be  modified  ;  privileges  which  the  Deputy  Lord  Fali 
land  caused  to  be  proclaimed  over  the  country.     Hi 
successor,  the  unfortunate  Lord  Strafford,  howevei 
having  recommended  their  retrenchment,  the  King*! 
intentions  were  in  point  of  fact  but  little  attended  to 
and,  while  the  Catholic  members,  who  sat  in  the  Par 
liament  of  1640,  relying  on  their  fulfilment,  joined  ii 
voting  the  large  supplies  required,  the  King's  lettei 
and  the  order  for  levying  these  subsidies  containec 
no  recognition  of  the  promised  Graces.     That  Par- 
liament adjourned  on  the  7th  of  August,  1641  ;  and 
it  is  not  to  be  wondered,  that  the  native  Irish  and 
the  whole  Catholic  population  were  thereupon  too  na- 
tionally excited  to  an  assertion  in  arms  of  privileges, 
their  King  had  promised — had  actually  jiated^  but 
which  his  Irish  Viceroy  refused  to  ratify.     They  saw 
that  King  over-ruled,  they  felt  that  their  altars  were 
denounced,  their  homes  invaded,  and  their  titles  con- 
founded by  alleged  defects  and  deceitful  commissions. 
The  ensuing  21st  of  October  witnessed  the  outbreak 
of  an  insurrection,  that  bequeathed  an  inheritance  of 
jealousy  and  disunion  to  Ireland  from  that  day.     "  We 

B  2 


declare  unto  your  Lordship,''  said  the  confederate 
Catholics,  in  an  address  framed  on  the  Hill  of  Tara, 
to  the  Marquess  of  Clanricarde,  "  that  the  only  scope 
and  purpose  of  our  taking  up  arms  is  for  the  honour 
of  God,  to  obtain  a  free  exercise  of  the  ancient 
Catholic  Roman  religion,  so  long  and  so  constantly 
adhered  unto  by  us  and  our  progenitors  in  this  King- 
dom, whereof  we  are  threatened  to  be  utterly  deprived, 
and  from  which  nothing  but  death  or  utter  extirpation 
shall  remove  us. "  The  attainders  and  confiscations, 
consequent  upon  this  war,  followed  up  as  they  were 
with  peculiar  hostility  by  the  Cromwellian  adven- 
turers, that  were  let  in  upon  the  island,  heaped  fi^h 
heart-burnings  and  unceasing  discontent  on  the 
Catholic  party.  On  the  final  success  of  these  invaders, 
a  body  of  ftx)m  30  to  40,000  Irish,  plundered  of  their 
estates,  and  unwilling  to  submit  to  the  revolution- 
ary government,  left  their  country  under  different 
leaders,  and  entered  the  service  of  France,  Spain, 
Austria,  and  Venice  ;  but  ever  still  with  the  object 
of  aiding  the  exiled  Stuarts,  and  promoting  their  re- 
storation to  sovereignty.  Their  services  as  such  were 
acknowledged  on  paper  in  a  section  of  the  Act  of 
Settlement  (14  &  15  Car.  2,  c.  2,  s.  25).  Some,  as 
"  having,  for  *  reasons  known  unto  us,  in  an  especial 
manner,  merited  our  grace  and  favour  f  others,  as 
"  having  continued  with  us,  or  served  faithfully  under 
our  ensigns  beyond  the  seas."  But  their  loyalty  to 
that  ungrateful  and  incompetent  dynasty  experienced 
a  thrilling  disappointment,  when  the   restoration  c 


Charles  restored  nothing  to  them  ;  nay,  worse,  when 
that  King  confirmed  the  grants  certified  for  the  ad- 
venturers and  soldiers  of  the  usurper,  whUe  even  his 
brother,  the  Catholic  Duke  of  York,  the  James  the 
Second  of  this  work,  obtained  recognition  patents  for 
276,000  acres,  forfeited  in  various  parts  of  Ireland  by 
the  cavaliers,  who,  like  those  of  the  following  "  Army 
List,^  fought  and  fell  ^pro  aria  et  focis'  Loyalty  to 
such  a  King,  the  descendant  of  such  a  race,  cannot 
therefore  be  deemed  the  exclusive  or  even  the  para- 
mount incentive  of  the  resistance  to  King  William. 

In  1661,  the  Eoman  Catholic  Clergy  of  Ireland 
preferred  to  the  King  their  "  Humble  Remonstrance, 
Acknowledgment,  Protestation,  and  Petition,"  wherein 
they  represented  that,  "  being  entrusted,  by  the  indis- 
pensable permission  of  the  King  of  Kings,  with  the 
cure  of  souls  and  the  care  of  our  flocks,  in  order  to  the 
administration  of  the  sacraments ;  and  teaching  the 
people  that  perfect  obedience,  which  for  conscience  sake 
they  are  bound  to  pay  to  your  Majesty,  we  are  yet 
'laden'  with  calumnies,  and  persecuted  with  severity,'' 
and  they  strongly  deprecated  "  those  calumnies,  under 
which  our  tenets  in  religion,  and  our  dependence  upon 
the  Pope's  authority  are  aspersed  ;  and  we  humbly  beg 
your  Majesty's  pardon  to  vindicate  both  by  the  ensuing 
protestation,  which  we  make  in  the  sight  of  heaven 
and  in  the  presence  of  your  ^IB^ty,  sincerely  and 
truly,  without  equivocation  or  mental  reservation." 
The  Remonstrance  then  proceeded  to  enlarge  upon  the 
unmerited  injuries  inflicted  upon  themselves  and  their 


flocks,  and  prayed  the  royal  protection.  This  memo- 
rial was  accompanied  by  the  "  Faithful  and  Humble 
Remonstrance  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Nobility  and 
Gentry  of  Ireland,**  in  which  they  set  forth  "  the  pro- 
digious afftictions  under  which  the  monarchy  of  Great 
Britain  had,  before  his  Majesty's  happy  Restoration, 
groaned  these  twenty  years  ;  and  out  of  our  sad 
thoughts,  which  daily  bring  more  and  more  sighs 
from  our  breasts,  and  tears  from  our  eyes,  for  the 
still  as  yet  continued  miseries  and  sufferings  of  the 
Catholic  natives  of  this  our  unfortunate  country,  even 
amidst,  and  ever  since  the  so  much  famed  joys  and 
triumphs  of  your  Sacred  Majesty's  most  auspicious 
inauguration  ;"  and  the  Petitioners,  referring  to  and 
identifying  themselves  with  the  aforesaid  Remonstrance 
of  the  Clergy,  then  proceeded  to  vindicate  themselves, 
solemnly  pledged  their  loyalty,  and  disclaimed  any 
power  of  the  Pope  to  loosen  their  allegiance,  or  sanc- 
tion their  rebellion.  It  forms  no  inapt  introduction 
to  the  *  Army  List,'  here  to  give  the  names  of  those 
laymen,  who  signed  that  protestation  ;  they  will  be 
found  in  many  instances  identical,  or  at  least  of 
kindred  with  those  in  the  present  record  : — 

Luke,  Earl  of  Fingal ;  Arthur,  Viscount  Iveagh ; 

Morrough,  Earl  of  Inchequin ;  William,  Viscount  Clane ; 

Donogh,  Earl  of  Clancarty ;  Charles  Viscount  Muskerry ; 

Oliver,  Earl  of  lyrconnel ;  WiUiam,  Viscount  Taafie ; 

Theobald,  Earl  of  Carlingford ;  Oliver,  Baron  of  Louth ; 

Edmund,  Viscount  Mountgar-  William, Bsu'on of Castleconnell; 

ret ;  Colonel  Charles  Dillon ; 

Thomas,  Viscount  Dillon  ^  Matthew  Plunkett,  Esq. ; 


Lieut.  Col.  Ignatius  Nugent ; 

Edward  Plunkett,  Esq. ; 

Nicholas  Plunkett,  Knight ; 

Matthew    Plunkett    of    Dun- 

Christopher  Plunkett  of  Dun- 

James  Dillon,  Knight ; 

Colonel  Christopher  Bryan ; 

Robert  Talbot,  Baronet ; 

Ulick  Burke,  Baronet ; 

Edward  Fitzharris,  Baronet ; 

Valentine  Browne,  Baronet ; 

Luke  Butler,  Baronet ; 

Henry  SUngsby,  Knight ; 

John  Bellew,  Knight ; 

Colonel  William  Burke ; 

Colonel  John  Fitzpatrick ; 

Colonel  Brian  Mac  Mahon ; 

Colonel  Miles  Reilly  ; 

Colonel  Gilbert  Talbot ; 

Colonel  Milo  Power ; 

Lieut  .-Col.  Pierce  Lacy ; 
Lieut.-Col.  Ulick  Bourke ; 
Lieut.-Col.  Thomas  Scurlog ; 
Jeffry  Browne  of  Galway ; 
John  Walsh  of  Ballinvoher ; 
Patrick  Bryan ; 
James  Fitzgerald  of  Laccah  ; 
John  Talbot  of  Malahide ; 
Thomas  Luttrell  of  Luttrells- 

John  Holy  wood  of  Artane ; 
Henry,    "  son  to  Sir  Phelim 

Dudley  Bagnall  of  Dunleckney ; 

Henry   Draycott   of  Momir 

Edward  Butler  of  Monehire 
Nicholas  D'Arcy  of  Platten ; 
Patrick  Sarsfield  of  Lucan ; 
John  Mc  Namara  of  Cratloe 
James  Talbot  of  Bellaconnel 
Robert  Balfe  of  Carrstown ; 
James  Talbot  of  Templeogu* 
Patrick  Archer ; 
Luke  Dowdall  of  Athlumnej 
PhUip  Hore  of  Eallsallaghai 
James  Bamwall  of  Bremore 
James  Allen  of  St.  Wolstan'i 
Thomas    Cantwell    of    Ball; 

makeidy ; 
John  Cantwell   of   Cantwell' 

court ; 
Edmund    Dillon    of   Stream 

John  Fleming  of  Stahalmock 

Peter  Sherlock  of  Gracedieu 

Christopher  Archbold  of  Time 
lin ; 

Patrick  Moore  of  Dowanstown 

Nicholas  Haly  of  Towrine ; 

Pierce  Butler  of  Callan ; 

Pierce    Butler   of    Killveagh 
legher ; 

John  Segrave  of  Cabragh  ; 

Richard  Wadding  of  Kilbarry 

Thomas  Browne  of  Clondmet 

Oliver  Cashel  of  Dundalk  ; 

Patrick  Clinton  of  Irish  town ; 

Captain  Christopher  Turner ; 


John  Bagot ;  Thomas  Sarsfield  of  Sarsfields- 

William  Grace ;  town  ; 

John  Arthur  of  Hogstown ;  Pierce  *  Nangle '  of  Monanimy ; 

liarcufl  LaSan  of  Greystown  ;  James  Wolverston  of  Stillor- 

Christopher  Ay  Imer  of  Balrath ;  gan ; 

James  Plonket  of  Gibstown ;  Michael  Bret ; 

Thomas   St.   John  of  Monks-  Patrick  Boylan  of  Bally-tumy- 

town ;  mac-Oris ; 

William  Barry  Oge  of  Rincor-  James  White  of  Chambelly ; 

ran  ;  Major  Lawrence  Dempsey ; 

Richard  Strong  of  Rockwell*s  Captain  Richard  Dempsey  ; 

Castle ;  Edward  Nugent  of  Culvin  ; 

James  Butler  of  Ballinakill ;  Patrick  Porter  of  Kingstown ; 

Attthooy  Colclough  ;  Major  Marcus  Furlong. 

During  the  life  time  of  King  Charles,  in  1669, 
eight  years  after  the  Restoration,  his  brother  James, 
Duke  of  York,  conformed  to  the  Roman  Catholic 
wofBhip,  being  then  aged  36.  *  In  fifteen  years  after, 
he  succeeded  to  the  Throne  ;  and  his  accession  was 
hailed  by  the  great  majority  of  the  Irish  people,  very 
naturally,  as  opening  a  fair  prospect  for  their  tolera- 
tion and  protection  ;  while  he  looked  to  their  island 
not  less  sanguinely,  as  the  garrison  of  his  creedsmen 
and  prop  of  his  government.  With  the  object  of  cor- 
rectly ascertaining  their  feelings  towards  him,  he  sum- 
moned those  Irish  officials,  that  he  considered  most 
competent  to  advise  him,  to  a  meeting  at  Chester,  in 
1687.  On  the  27th  August  in  that  year  he  entered 
this  ancient  city,  where  "  he  was  received  by  the  cor- 
poration in  their  robes.  He  was  afterwards  splendidly 

*  Clarke's  Memoirs  of  James  II.  vol.  1,  p.  440,  &c. 


entertained  by  them.  He  lodged  at  the  Bishop's 
Palace,  from  whence  he  walked  next  morning 
(Sunday)  through  the  City  to  the  Castle  (the  Mayor 
bare-headed,  carrying  the  sword  before  him),  heard 
mass  in  the  shire  hall,. and  received  the  sacrament 
according  to  the  Romish  ritual,  in  the  chapel  in  the 
square  tower  of  the  Castle.  On  Monday  he  went  to 
Holywell ;  on  Tuesday  returned  to  Chester  ;  and  the 
day  following  closeted  several  gentlemen,  both  of  the 
City  and  County,  in  order  to  prevail  upon  them  to 
approve  of  the  repeal  of  the  penal  laws  and  Test  Act ; 
but  he  met  with  very  little  encouragement  in  that 
way.  On  Thursday,  September  the  first,  the  King  left 
Chester,  not  much  satisfied  with  the  disposition  of  the 
people."  *  The  English  historian  has  made  no  men- 
tion of  the  interview  His  Majesty  had  here  with  his 
Irish  officials  ;  but  Tyrconnel,  whom  that  King  had 
by  his  earliest  exercise  of  the  prerogative  created  an 
Irish  peer,  was  there,  and  in  his  suite  were  the  Chief 
Baron,  Sir  Stephen  Rice ;  the  Chief  Justice  of  the  King's 
Bench,  Sir  Thomas  Nugent ;  and  other  influential 
individuals  of  the  day,  who  will  appear  in  subsequent 
pages.  These  represented  the  state  of  Irish  feeling  to 
be,  as  they  thought  it,  in  spirit  and  strength  enthu- 
siastically loyal. 

In  the  preceding  year,  Tyrconnel  had  been  ap- 
pointed Viceroy  of  Ireland,  from  which  time  he  had 
devoted  his  attention  to  enrolling  an  army  to  uphold 

*  Ormerod's  Cheshire,  vol.  1,  p.  211. 



his  Royal  master's  cause.  The  result  of  his  exertions 
is  preserved  in  a  manuscript  of  the  British  Museum, 
(Lansdowne  Collections,  No.  1152,  p.  229)  as  follows. 
The  promotions  of  many,  before  the  day  of  action, 
may  be  traced  on  the  ensuing  Army  List  : — 

"  A  LIST  OF  COMMISSIONS,  received  and  deUvered  by  Mr. 
Sheridan  since  the  Earl  of  Tyrconners  coming  Lord  Deputy 
of  Ireland.  February  12th,  168f,  for  the  Lord  Sunderland 
till  June  21st,  1687. 

Anthony  Hamilton,  Colonel ; 
Sir  Neale  O'Neille,  Captain ; 
Nicholas  Purcell,  Captain ; 
William  Nugent,  Captain ; 
William  Hungate,  Major; 
Theo.  Russell,  Colonel  ; 
Theo.  Russell,  Lieut.- Col.  ; 
Walter  Nugent,  Captain ; 
William  Talbott,  Major ; 
Greorge  Newcomen,  Captiun ; 
Walter  Harvey,  Captain ; 
John  Burk,  Captain ; 
Edward  Fitzgerald,  Captain ; 
John  Hamilton,  Lieut. -Col. ; 
Sir  Charles  Hamilton,  Captain; 
Richard    '  Cussack,'    Captain- 
Lieutenant  ; 
Symon  Luttrell,  Lieut.-Col. ; 
Lord  Kilkenny-West,  Captain ; 
Ullick  Bourk,  Captain; 
Francis  Carroll,  Major ; 
James  Netterville,  Captain ; 
Lord  Mountjoy,  Brigadier ; 
John  Gyles,  Captain ; 
Daniel  Macarty,  Captain ; 

Sir  Robert  Grore,  Captain ; 
Robert  Nangle,  Captain. 


Daniel  O'Neill,  Lieutenant ; 
nUick  Burk,  Lieutenant ; 
Greorge  Bamewall,  Comet ; 
Robert  Grace,  Capt .-Lieut. ; 
Francis  Meara,  Lieutenant ; 
Edmond  Butler,  Comet ; 
Edward  Butler,  Capt.-Lieut. ; 
Walter  Burke,  Lieutenant ; 
John  Graydon,  Comet ; 
Robert  Walsh,  Comet ; 
John  Nugent,  Cornet ; 
John  Nugent,  Lieutenant ; 
Henry  Dillon,  Lieutenant ; 
Rene  Mezandier,  Lieutenant ; 
Arthur  Magennis,  Comet ; 
Francis  Hamilton,  Lieutenant; 
Francis  Preston,  Comet ; 
James  Purcell,  Cornet ; 
George  Gernon,  Lieutenant. 

KING  James's  ikish  akmy  list. 



Henry  Edge  worth,  Lieut. ; 
Hugh  O^Rourk,  Lieutenant ; 
William  Netterville,  Lieut. ; 
John  Dungan,  Lieutenant ; 
Jeffirej  Connell,  Ensign ; 
Thomas  Luttrell,  Ensign ; 
Beverley  Newcomen,  Ensign ; 
Francis  Slingsby,  Lieutenant ; 
Charles  Manley,  Lieutenant ; 
Thomas  Colt,  Lieutenant ; 
Anthony  Malone,  Lieutenant; 
Richard  Bamewall,  Ensign ; 
Richard  Plunkett,  Lieut. ; 
Con.  O^eill,  Lieutenant; 
John  Talbott,  Lieutenant ; 
David  Lundy,  Ensign ; 
John  Talbott,  Ensign ; 
Arthur  Fitton,  Lieutenant ; 
Flo.  Fitzpatrick,  Lieutenant ; 
Thomas  Talbott,  Ensign ; 
Edwd.  Kindellan,  Capt.-Iieut.; 
Christopher  Bamewall,  Lieut. ; 
Thomas  Clayton,  Ensign ; 
Andrew  Dorrington,  Ensign ; 
Mountjoy  Blount,  Ensign ; 
Nicholas  Tyrwhitt,  Lieutenant ; 
Edmond  Keating,  Ensign ; 
Patrick  Cheevers,  Ensign ; 
Charles  Stuart,  Ensign ; 
Richard  Bellew,  Ensign ; 
Henry  Sheridan,  Ensign  ; 
John  Delahyde,  Lieutenant ; 
Daniel  O'Sullivan,  Lieutenant ; 
Robert  Russell,  Lieutenant ; 
John  Macartane,  Ensign ; 
Michael '  Cussack,'  Ensign ; 

John  Bellew,  Ensign ; 
Edmund  Reyley,  Ensign ; 
George  Darcy,  Ensign ; 
John  White,  Lieutenant ; 
James  Tobyn,  Ensign ; 
John  Butler,  Ensign ; 
Geo.  Haughton,  Capt.-Lieut. ; 
John  Reynolds,  Capt.-Lieut. ; 
John  Hogan,  Lieutenant ; 
Benjamin  Tychbome,  Ensign ; 
Pierce  Butler,  Ensign ; 
Nicholas  Rooth,  Ensign ; 
Andrew  Brovme,  Ensign ; 
James  Magee,  Ensign ; 
John  Wogan,  Ensign ; 
Richard  Bamewall,  Lieut. ; 
George  Talbot,  Lieutenant ; 
Thomas  Dongan,  Ensign ; 
-^-^  Bulkley,  Ensign; 
Hugh  O'Neill,  Ensign ; 
William  Sheridan,  Ensign. 


Rowland  Smith,  Captain  ; 
John  Roche,  Comet. 


Jos.  Jackman,  Lieutenant ; 
Sir  Thomas  Atkins,  Lieut. ; 
Christopher  Nugent,  Lieut. ; 
Toby  Purcell,  Major ; 
Mark  Talbott,  Major ; 



James  Bryan,  Ensign ; 
Lord  Limerick,  Capt.  Horse ; 
Matt.  Bellew,  Lieut.  Horse ; 
Silvester  Mathews,  Ensign ; 
David  Lundj,  Ensign ; 
Daniel  O'Neill,  Lieutenant ; 
Phil.  Terrett,  Lieutenant ; 
Morgan  Floyd,  Captain ; 
Colonel    Grace,   Governor    of 

Athlone ; 
Colonel  Grace,  Captain ; 

Arundell,  Captain ; 

Edward  Butler,  Captain ; 
Bandall  Plunkett,  Lieutenant ; 
James  Bryan,    Ensign  (ertued 

in  ike  original) ; 
John  Taaffe,  Captain. 

king's  letters  delivered. 
Lord  Chancellor ; 
Attorney  General ; 
Lord  Lowth ; 
Sir  William  Talbot; 
Colonel  Hamilton ; 
Lord  Netterville ; 
Lord  Bellew  ; 
Symon  Luttrell; 
Lord  Chief  Baron  Rice ; 
Sir  Harry  Lynch ; 
Justice  Martin ; 
Lord  Viscount  Gallway ; 
Colonel  'Moor.' 


Henry  Sheridan,  Ensign ; 
Thomas  Purcell,  Ensign  ; 

John  White,  Lieutenant ; 
Eustace  White,  Lieutenant ; 
Lord  Kilkenny- West,  Capt. ; 
James  Butler,  Comet ; 
John  Power,  Lieutenant ; 
Daniel  Macnamara,  Ensign ; 
Hugh  O'  *  Roirk,'  Lieut. ; 
William  Usher,  Lieutenant ; 
Calla.  Mc Callahan,  Comet; 
John  Delahide,  Ensign ; 

Bryan,  Ensign ; 

Stafford,  Ensign ; 

Thos.  Nugent,  Ensign ; 

Fleming,  Ldeut.  Horse ; 

Burk,  Lieut.  Horse  ; 

Townley,  Comet ; 

Richard  Butler,  Comet ; 
John  Nugent,  Lieut.  Horse ; 
Arthur  Dillon,  Lieut.  Horse ; 
Henry  Dillon,  Lieut.  Horse  ; 
Roger  Jeffryes,  Comet. 


Colonel  Richard  Butler ; 
Dean  Manby. 

ADDED  in  another  hand. 

Sum  due  _.         .-£547     2     0 

Sam  retmned  . .         _  _     507  I       7 

For  return  39     6     5 

For  mj  Lord  394     4     3 

Us  73  18    4 

Clerks  26     0     0 

Signett  Office  13  13     0 

Sum,    £547     2     0 



25  Colonels,  Lieut. -Colonels,  Majors,  Captains,  and  Brigadiers. 
12  Lieutenants  of  Horse. 

8  Comets. 
25  Lieutenants  of  Foot. 
34  Ensigns." 

In  the  April  of  1687,  Tyrconnel  had  been  com- 
missioned, to  select  influential  persons  throughout  the 
several  counties  in  Ireland,  to  aid  the  Commissioners 
of  the  Revenue  in  collecting  subsidies  for  the  support 
of  the  state.  The  return  of  these,  so  appointed,  as 
well  as  the  above  inchoate  list,  were  doubtless  laid 
before  King  James  at  Chester  by  Tyrconnel,  when 
that  monarch,  still  King  of  Great  Britain,  France 
and  Ireland,  devolved  upon  him  the  responsibility  of 
supporting  his  royal  authority  in  the  latter  king- 
dom,  and  of  directing  the  zeal  and  energies  of  its 
people  to  his  service  ;  and,  notwithstanding  all  they 
had  so  recently  lost  in  upholding  the  Stuarts,  they 
rendered  to  Tyrconnel,  says  Colonel  O'Kelly,  in  the 
"  Excidium  Macarioe^^  not  only  the  number  of  soldiers 
which  he  had  demanded,  equipped  at  their  private  cost, 
but  every  farther  aid  that  either  their  fortunes  or  their 
influence  could  fiirnish."  The  consummation  of  their 
labours  was  the  Army  List  now  presented  to  the  public. 

The  copy  here  published  is  preserved  in  the  Manu- 
scripts of  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  where  it  is  classed 
F.  1,  14.  It  extends  over  thirty-four  pages  octavo. 
On  the  two  first  are  the  names  of  all  the  Colonels  ; 


on  the  four  following  are  the  Rolls  of  the  Eight  Regi- 
ments of  Horse  ;  on  the  next  four  are  the  Rolls  of 
the  six  of  Dragoons.  The  remaining  twenty-four 
record  the  Infantry.  The  officers  of  each  company 
are  arranged  in  columns  headed  respectively  Cap- 
tains, Lieutenants,  Comets  or  Ensigns,  and  Quarter- 
Masters.  Under  that  of  Captains,  the  Colonels, 
Lieutenant-Colonels,  and  Majors,  are  usually  classed. 
Under  the  others,  the  entries  appear  seriatim^  and 
in  line,  as  this  list  was  then  filled  up.  It  bears  no 
date,  but  while,  on  inspecting  many  of  the  original 
commissions,  some  few,  as  that  of  Captain  George 
Chamberkiin,  are  of  December,  1688  ;  and  a  great 
number  on  the  8th  of  March,  being  near  the  close  of 
that  year,  but  four  days  before  the  King's  landing  at 
Kinsale  ;  others  are  of  later  appointment,  as  that  of 
James  Carroll,  to  a  Captaincy  in  Lord  Dongan's 
Dragoons,  is  of  the  30th  of  July  following.  It  would 
therefore  seem  to  have  been  closed,  in  its  present 
state,  about  the  August  of  1689,  and  before  the  whole 
force  was  completed.  The  only  point  that  could 
militate  with  such  an  assignment  of  date,  is  the  fact 
of  Richard  Talbot  being  described  upon  it  as  an  Earl, 
whereas  his  patent  to  the  Dukedom  was  granted  on 
the  10th  of  July  in  that  year  ;  but  its  having  been 
a  current  and  continuing  muster  may  account  for 
this.  On  this  list  the  Horse  had  the  highest  pay, 
and  were  therefore  classed  first  of  the  Cavalry.  The 
Dragoons,  having  to  do  duty  on  foot  as  well  as  on 
horseback,  were  lighter  troops  than  the  Horse  in  these 


times.*  The  three  first  of  the  Horse  Regiments,  v  iz. : 
Tyrconners,  Galmoy's,  and  Sarsfield's,  had  each  nine 
troops  with  fifty-three  men  in  each  troop  ;  the  five 
last  had  each  six  troops,  with  the  same  complement  oi 
men  in  each.  Three  of  the  Dragoons,  viz.  :  Lord 
Dongan's,  the  first,  Sir  Neill  O^Neill's,  the  second,  and 
Colonel  Simon  Luttrell's,  the  fourth,  had  each  eight 
troops  with  sixty  men  in  each  ;  the  remainder  had 
six  troops  in  each  regiment,  and  sixty  men  in  each 
troop.f  The  regiments  of  Infantry  had  thirteen  com- 
panies in  each,  and  sixty-three  men  in  each  company. 
The  levies  were  conducted  with  such  enthusiasm,  that 
the  force  in  this  list  was  raised,  armed,  and  clothed  in 
less  than  six  weeks,J  and  may  te  truly  said  to  com- 
prise scions  of  the  whole  aristocracy  of  Ireland  at  that 
period,  as  well  of  the  native  Irish  septs  as  of  the 

As  the  Colonels  of  the  establishment  are  subse- 
quently given,  each  at  the  head  of  his  regiment,  it 
would  be  idle  to  display  their  names  here,  with  the 
exception  of  the  two  first,  to  whom  no  regiments  are 
assigned  in  this  list,  viz. :  Lord  Viscount  Dover,  and 
the  Duke  of  Berwick  ;  and  that  of  Colonel  Thomas 
Maxwell,  no  detail  of  whose  re^ment  is  given,  but 
who  is  fully  noticed  at  the  close  of  the  Dragoons' 

•  Macariae  Excidium,  p.  441,  note. 

t  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  t.  1,  p.  97. 

I  Story's  Impartial  History,  pp.  5  &  6. 



Colonel  of  the  First  Troop  of  Guards. 

This  Henry  Jennyn,  brother  of  Lord  Thomas  Jer- 
myn  of  St.  Edmundsbury,  was  himself,  in  1685, 
created  a  peer,  as  Lord  Jermyn  of  Dover ;  and,  in 
deference  to  his  elder  brother  (while  he  lived),  was 
usually  styled  Lord  Dover,  and  so  sworn  of  the 
English  Privy  Council  in  1686  ;  at  which  period  it 
was  rumoured  he  was  to  be  appointed  Lord  Lieutenant 
of  Ireland,  in  place  of  the  Earl  of  Clarendon.*  In 
1687,he  was  nominated  a  Lord  of  the  English  Treasury, 
and  in  1688,  a  short  time  before  the  king's  abdication 
in  that  country,  he  was  especially  selected  and  con- 
firmed by  his  Majesty's  will,  executed  at  Whitehall 
in  the  commencement  of  that  year,  the  confidential 
adviser  of  the  Queen.  He  afterwards  facilitated  the 
escape  of  James,  and  was  one  of  the  few,  who  accom- 
panied the  royal  exile  to  France  and  subsequently  to 
Ireland.  While  yet  at  sea,  in  the  latter  movement, 
he  addressed  a  letter  "  to  the  Corporation  of  Castle- 
haven,  or  any  other  place  where  the  Captain  (Major 
General  Boisselau)  may  land."  "Gentlemen,"  (it 
is  copied  from  the  original,  in  possession  of  the 
O'Donovan)  "  From  aboard  the  King  of  France's  ship, 
here  upon  the  Irish  coast  for  the  service  of  his  Ma- 
jesty of  England,  with  all  sorts  of  ammunition  and 

*  Singer's  Correspondence,  v.  2,  pp.  10  &  25. 


necessaries,  and  myself  here  commanding  the  King's 
forces  on  board.  I  send  Captain  la  Rue  and  another 
to  learn  what  news  you  can  inform  us  of ;  therefore, 
pray  send  us,  with  all  speed  you  possibly  can,  all  the 
news  you  know,  both  of  the  King  and  the  enemy's 
fleet,  that  we  may  govern  ourselves  accordingly. 
Gentlemen,  your  humble  servant,  Dover."  (No  date.) 
In  July,  1689,  he  was  joined  in  commission  for  the 
Irish  Treasury  with  Tyrconnel,  Lord  Riverston,  and 
Sir  Stephen  Rice  ;  while  his  name  appears  in  this 
Army  List,  Colonel  as  above  ;  his  Troop  of  Horse, 
Gards  du  Corps^  consisting  of  200  men,*  but  none 
of  his  subalterns  appear  hereon.  Viscount  Dover, 
not  being  a  Peer  of  Ireland,  had  no  seat  in  the 
Parliament  of  1689,  and  seems  to  have  early  taken 
offence  or  distrusted  James's  cause  ;  for  on  the  19th 
of  June,  1690,  eleven  days  before  the  battle  of  the 
Boyne,  he  applied  to  Mr.  Greorge  Kirke,  (the  well- 
known  Major-General)  "  You  will  be  much  surprised 
to  receive  a  letter  from  me ;  but,  after  the  many 
revolutions  we  have  seen  in  our  time,  nothing  is  to 
be  wondered  at."  He  then  requests  Kirke  to  use  his 
interest  with  Marshal  de  Schomberg,  "  to  obtain  a 
pass  for  my  Lady  Dover,  myself  and  the  little  vessel 
we  shall  go  in,  and  those  few  servants  specified  in  the 
within  note,  to  go  and  stay  at  Ostend,  till  such  time 
as  I  may  otherwise  dispose  of  myself."  As  King 
William  appeared  unwilling  to  accede  to  this  prayer, 

*  Somers'  State  Tracts,  v.  11,  p.  398. 

t  Clarke's  Correspondence,  MS.  T.C.D.  Lett.  xiy. 


on  account  of  Lord  Dover  being  excepted  out  of  the 
Act  of  Indemnity,  and  also  outlawed  in  AVestminster 
Hall,  he,  on  the  12th  of  July,  after  the  battle  of  the 
Boyne,  wrote  to  obtain  the  interest  of  a  Captain  Fitz- 
gerald, to  procure  a  similar  passport  from  King  Wil- 
liam, "  to  enable  me  to  go  and  end  my  days  quietly 
in  England,  in  which  place  I  will  most  certainly  never 
more  meddle  with  any  affairs  whatever,  but  my  own 
little  particular  ones."*  Another  letter  of  his  lord- 
ship, in  the  same  collection,  contains  a  i^erfect  narra- 
tive of  his  life,  stating  that  he  had  "  served  King 
James  faithfully,  since  he  was  thirteen  years  old,  till 
the  French  thought  fit  he  should  not  do  it  any 
longer."  From  the  context,  it  would  appear  that 
Lord  Dover  had  incurred  some  taunts  from  the 
French  allies,  and,  possibly,  displeasure  from  James. 
He  was  soon  afterwards  allowed  to  transport  himself 
to  Flanders,  till  a  fitting  time  came  for  his  admittance 
to  England,  whither  Lady  Dover  and  her  servants  had 
a  free  pass. 

He  died  on  the  6th  April,  1708,  at  Cheveley  in 
Leicestershire  ;  but  his  remains  were  interred,  at  his 
own  desire,  in  the  Carmelite  Convent  of  Bruges, 
where  his  funeral  monument  ranks  him  "a  Lieu- 
tenant-General  in  the  army.  Colonel  of  a  troop  of  King 
James's  Horse  Guards,  and  Lord  Lieutenant  of  the 
county  of  Cambridge. "f     On  his  death,  without  issue, 

♦  Southwell  MSS.  Catal.,  p.  140. 

t  Nichol's  Top.  and  Gen.,  part  12,  p.  498. 


his  title  became  extinct,  and  his  estates  devolved 
upon  his  nieces,  the  daughters  of  the  aforesaid  Baron 
Jermyn  of  St.  Edmundsbury. 


Colonel  of  the  Second  Troop  of  Guards. 

Such  was  the  title,  which,  in  deference  to  the  bor- 
der town,  that  had  for  centuries  been  the  great  object 
of  many  a  hard-fought .  day,  James  the  Second,  the 
son  of  a  Scotto-English  monarch,  conferred  upon 
James  Fitz-James,  his  eldest  but  illegitimate  son  by 
Arabella  Churchill,  sister  of  John  Churchill,  after- 
wards the  renowned  Duke  of  Marlborough.  He  was 
bom  in  1671.  In  1686  he  distinguished  himself  at 
the  siege  of  Buda,  and  in  March,  1687,  was  created 
Baron  of  Bosworth,  Earl  of  Tinmouth,  and  Duke 
of  Berwick  ;  his  father  being  then  King  of  Eng- 
land. He  was  the  companion  of  that  father, 
when,  having  escaped  from  the  Guards  at  Rochester, 
he  crossed  to  France  in  a  small  boat,  and  landed  at 
Ambleteuse,  at  six  o'clock  on  Christmas  morning 
(1688).  The  Duke  was  instantly  despatched  thence, 
by  the  Royal  Exile,  to  Louis  XIV.,  then  at  Ver- 
sailles, to  pray  an  asylum  in  his  kingdom.  "J'en 
fus  recu,"  says  the  Duke,  in  his  narrative  of  that  in- 
terview, "  avec  toute  la  politesse  et  Tamiti^  imagina- 
bles  ;  et  il  ^toit  ais^  de  voir  par  ses  discours,  que  son 



coeur  parloit  autant  que  sa  langue."*  Confiding  on 
that  reception,  King  James  embarked  for  Ireland, 
where,  on  his  arriving  and  learning  the  state  of  Ulster, 
he  ordered  Berwick  off  to  strengthen  General  Richard 
Hamilton  on  the  east  side  of  the  Ban,  in  his  design 
on  Coleraine,  as  well  as  to  sound  the  state  of  political 
feeling  in  Deny.  Of  this  he  formed  a  very  mistaken 
notion,  writing  as  he  did  in  April,  1689,  to  his  Royal 
Sire,  advising  him  that  it  was  the  opinion  of  all  the 
General  Officers,  that  "  if  his  Majesty  would  but 
show  himself  before  that  town,  it  would  undoubtedly 
surrender."  The  expectation  was,  however,  ill- 
grounded  ;  and,  on  the  avowed  determination  of  the 
garrison  to  hold  out,  James,  who  had  gone  before  the 
town  in  this  assurance,  returned  discountenanced  to 
Dublin,  to  make  the  necessary  arrangements  for  hold- 
ing his  parliament.!  Berwick  remained  with  but 
6,000  men,  and  only  six  guus,  opposed  to  a  garrison 
of  10,000  men,  with  from  twenty  to  thirty  pieces  of 
cannon,  and  an  English  fleet  of  thirty  sail  in  the 
river,  with  arms,  ammunition,  provisions,  and  three 
regiments  on  board,  under  the  command  of  Major 
General  Kirke,  commissioned  to  relieve  the  place.J 
While  the  siege  was  going  on,  the  Duke  encountered 
a  large  body  of  the  Enniskilliners  ;  on  whom,  how- 
ever, he  made  no  impression.  After  the  raising  of 
the  siege,  being  stationed  at  Newiy  with  1700  foot 

*  *  Memoir'  in  Clarke's  James  II. 

t  Clarke's  Life  of  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  332. 

t  O'Callaghan  on  the  Excidium  Macariffi,  pp.  320-1. 


and  dragoons,  and  two  troops  of  horse  ;  and,  designing 
to  defend  that  pass  against  Schomberg,  who  had 
landed  a  few  days  previously  at  Carrickfergus,  he 
is  said  by  Story,*  to  have  sent  a  letter  by  a  trumpe- 
ter to  that  Marshal  on  the  1st  of  September,  he  being 
then  in  Belfast.  This  communication,  being  directed 
only  to  '  Count '  Schomberg,  was  returned  unopened, 
that  officer  saying  his  Royal  Master  had  honoured 
him  with  the  title  of  Duke,  and  therefore  the  letter 
was  not  to  him.f  At  the  close  of  the  same  year, 
(1689)  in  February,  Berwick  meditated  taking  pos- 
session of  Belturbet,  "  with  the  expectation  of  being 
able  to  make  excursions  thence  into  the  enemy's 
quarters  all  the  winter ;  but  Wolseley,  King  Wil- 
liam's  Colonel,  suspecting  his  design,  marched  out 
of  the  town  with  a  considerable  body  of  Horse  and 
Foot,  when  meeting  Berwick's  forces  at  Tullaghmon- 
gan,  near  Cavan,  he  forthwith  attacked  them  ;  and, 
although  the  Duke  behaved  himself  with  great  con- 
duct and  bravery,  having  his  horse  shot  under  him, 
yet  was  he  worsted  in  the  action,  and  the  town  was 
fired  by  his  enemy." 

Berwick  was  afterwards  at  the  battle  of  the  Boyne, 
where  the  troop  under  his  command  consisted  of 
two  hundred  strong.  There  also  "  his  horse  was  shot 
under  him,  and,  as  he  lay  for  some  time  amongst  the 
enemy,  he  was  rode  over  and  ill-bruised,  until  by  the 
help  of  a  trooper  he  was  got  off  again."!     After  that 

*  Impartial  Review,  part  1,  p.  11. 
X  Clarke's  James  II.  v.  2,  p.  400. 

t  Idem. 


battle  the  Duke  rallied,  at  Brazeel  near  Dublin,  about 
7,000  infantry  ;  of  which  he  sent  to  acquaint  his 
Royal  father  in  that  city,  requesting  that  a  convoy  of 
Horse  and  Dragoons  should  be  sent  out  to  enable  him 
to  come  in.  The  king  accordingly  ordered  out  six 
troops  of  LuttrelFs  Dragoons,  and  three  of  Aber- 
com's  Horse  to  his  relief ;  but  night  had  dissolved 
the  force  which  Berwick  hoped  to  keep  together — 
they  had  all  dispersed.  During  the  first  siege  of 
Limerick,  (August,  1690)  by  King  William  in  person, 
"  the  Irish  Cavalry,  3,500  strong,  commanded  by  the 
Duke  of  Berwick,  guarded  the  right  bank  of  the  Shan- 
non, and  prevented  the  English  from  investing  or  even 
sending  detachments  to  that  side,  although  the  river 
was  fordable  in  many  places."*  When  that  siege  was 
abandoned,  and  Tyrconnel  passed  over  to  his  King  to 
France,  "  he,"  writes  Colonel  O'Kelly  in  the  Excidium 
Macarice  (p.  72),  "  established  a  new  form  of  govern- 
ment in  his  absence,  never  before  heard  of  in  Ireland  ; 
twelve  *  Senators '  were  named  to  manage  the  civil 
affairs,  the  major  part  being  new-interest  men,  without 
whose  concurrence  the  rest  could  not  act.  The 
army  he  placed  under  the  command  of  the  Duke  of 
Berwick,  and,  in  regard  his  youth  gave  him  little  ex- 
perience,  (he  had  not  then  attained  21  years)  he  ap- 
pointed a  select  council  of  officers  to  direct  him  ; 
the  Duke  having "  as  Colonel  O'Kelly,  who  was  no 
friendly  commemorator  of  Tyrconnel,  insinuates,  "  his 

O'Conors  Military  Memoirs,  p.  117. 


private  directions  to  permit  no  person  of  quafity  to 
come  out  of  Ireland  in  his  absence,  who  would  be 
likely  to  oppose  his  representations  at  the  Court  of  St. 

The  vessel,  that  was  to  take  Tyrconnel  out  of 
Galway,  was  scarcely  out  of  sight,  when  the  young 
Duke,  at  the  head  of  4,000  foot,  2000  men  at  arms, 
and  as  many  light  horse,  passed  the  Shannon  and 
attacked  the  Castle  of  Birr  ;  but  "  on  an  alarm  of  the 
enemy's  advance  to  relieve  the  place,  he  decamped, 
and  never  stopped  till  he  crossed  the  Shannon  back 
again,  returning  with  his  troops  into  Connaught ; 
having,  (adds  Colonel  O'Kelly)  by  that  successless 
attempt  and  his  shameful  retreat,  discouraged  the 
army,  and  disheartened  the  whole  nation  of  Ireland." 
O'Conor,  a  later  historian  of  the  military  memoirs  of 
this  country,  says,  "  Berwick's  operations,  during  the 
absence  of  Talbot,  were  directed  by  the  Hamiltons, 
conducted  without  skill,  and  disheartened  the  Irish J^:* 
He  was  of  course  attainted,  but  not  until  five  years 
after  the  close  of  that  war,  of  which  he  has  left  the 
best  account,  embodied  in  Clarke's  Life  of  James  the 
Second.f  In  1693,  Berwick,  who  had  passed  to  France 
afl«r  the  surrender  of  Limerick,  was  taken  prisoner  in 
the  engagement  near  Liege,  by  his  uncle,  the  Duke  of 
Marlborough  ;  and  in  1695  he  married  the  widow  of 
Sarsfield,  who,  as  hereafter  mentioned,  fell  at  Landen 
in  1693.     She  was  the  lady  Honora  de  Burgo,  second 

*  O'Conor  8  Military  Memoirs,  p.  130. 
t  Idem,  p.  237. 


daughter  of  William,  the  seventh  Earl  of  Clanricarde. 
In  tiie  chapel  of  the  Castle  of  St.  G^rmains  the  cere- 
mony took  place,  which  she  survived  but  three  years, 
dying  of  consumption  at  Montpelier. 

In  1696,  when  James,  under  a  delusive  impression 
that  the  Prince  of  Orange's  affairs  began  not  to  have 
so  favourable  an  aspect  as  formerly,  meditated  ob- 
taining forces  from  the  French  King  for  invading 
England;  the  Duke  of  Berwick  was  secretly  sent  over 
to  London  to  sound  the  public  feeling, — again  with  ill 
success.  The  continent  was  destined  to  be  the  theatre 
of  his  own  fixture  actions  and  renown.  The  brigaded 
Regiment  of  Foot,  formed  in  France  and  styled  by  his 
name  was  distinguished  in  the  Italian  campaign  of 
1701  ;  when,  with  Galmoy's,  Burke's  and  Dillon's,  and 
with  Sheldon's  Horse,  it  formed  part  of  the  army  that 
was  led  on  by  the  Duke  of  Savoy  at  the  engagement  near 
Chiari.  In  1703,  it  was  incorporated  in  the  Brigade 
of  Piedmont,*  and  actively  engaged  in  its  conflicts,  f 
In  1704,  the  three  Regiments,  Berwick's,  Dillon's,  and 
Galmoy's,  mounted  the  trenches  at  Vercelli,  Ivrea,  and 
Verrua  in  Italy.  In  the  May  of  that  year,  military 
operations  commenced  in  the  Spanish  Peninsula,  by 
the  entrance  of  a  Spanish  and  French  army  under 
King  Philip  and  the  Duke  of  Berwick  respectively, 
at  Salvatierra.  In  1705,  Berwick's  Regiment,  together 
with  Burke's  and  Fitzgerald's  (formerly  Albemarle's), 
was  engaged  in  all  the  battles  which   marked   the 

♦  O'Conor  s  Military  Memoirs,  p.  262.     t  Idem,  p.  265,  273. 


valour  and  skill  of  the  two  great  coramandeps,  Eugene 
and  Vendome,  who  headed  the  united  armies.*  The 
Brigade,  thus  concentrated,  was  called  Burke's,  com- 
manded as  it  was  by  Brigadier-Greneral  Ulick  Burke, 
and  did  wonderful  execution  at  the  battle  on  the  Re- 
torto  and  Adda,  which  O'Conor  describes  as  "  the 
fiercest  contest  that  occurred  during  the  seventeenth 
century."  A  second  battalion,  which  was  raised  at 
Arras  for  Berwick's  Regiment  at  the  latter  period,  was 
ordered  to  Spain,  and  in  1706  performed  important 
services  theref,  as  it  did  at  the  battle  of  Almanza,  in 
April,  1707.  Berwick  himself  on  the  latter  occasion 
"  led  his  cavalry  to  the  charge,  and  utterly  broke  the 
mixed  line  of  the  allies,  so  that  the  fate  of  the  day  re- 
mained no  longer  doubtful.'* J  "His  presence  of 
mind,"  adds  O'Conor,  "  was  admirable  ;  as  cool,  as 
calm  as  he  would  be  at  a  review,  he  provided  for 
every  emergency ;  wherever  the  line  yielded,  he 
brought  up  troops  from  other  posts  to  sustain  it ;  he 
was  every  where,  leading  on,  encouraging  and  exhort- 
ing the  Spaniards  in  their  own,  and  the  French  and 
Irish  in  the  respective  languages  of  their  countries." 
Immediately  after  this  splendid  victory,  which  turned 
the  tide  of  war  against  the  allies,  he  was  made  a 
Spanish  Grandee  by  Philip  the  Fiflh.  In  the  same 
year,  at  the  siege  of  Lerida,  "  one  of  the  strongest 
fortresses  in  Europe,  the  Regiments  of  Burke,  Dillon, 

*  O'Conor's  Military  Memoirs,  p.  299. 
t  Idem,  p.  318.  J  Idem,  p.  829. 


and  Berwick  were  distinguished  ;  on  the  4th  of 
October,  their  trenches  were  opened,  Berwick's, 
Burke's,  and  Dillon's  Regiments  mounted  them,  the 
fortress  and  citadel  surrendered."  *  In  1708,  two  bat- 
talions of  Berwick's,  widi  Grafton's  "  Irish  Dragoons," 
and  Bulkeley's  Irish  Regiment  of  Foot  in  the  service 
of  Spain,  formed  part  of  the  besieging  army  at  Tortosa. 
On  this  occasion,  "  the  Regiment  of  Berwick  suffered 
severely,  having  mounted  the  trenches  several  nights  ; 
the  Lieutenant-Colonel  and  several  officers  and  men 
were  killed  ;  and,  after  twenty-one  days'  siege,  the 
place  surrendered  upon  honourable  terms."  f  In  the 
July  of  this  year,  Berwick  himself,  being  encamped 
near  Douay,  received  a  letter  from  his  illustrious  op- 
ponent and  uncle,  the  Duke  of  Marlborough,  wherein 
the  latter,  perfectly  recognizing  the  kindred,  says, '  You 
may  be  sure  the  difference  of  parties  will  not  hinder 
me  from  having  that  friendship  for  you  that  becomes 
me  towards  my  relations.'  J  In  the  early  part  of  1709, 
Burke's,  Dillon's,  and  Berwick's  Regiments  served  in 
Spain  under  the  Marshal  de  Biron  ;  as  they  did  in 
1711  in  Savoy,  under  the  Marshal  Duke  of  Berwick  ; 
but,  "  from  inferiority  of  forces,  he  was  obliged  to 
abandon  that  country,  and  confine  himself  to  guard 
the  passes  of  the  Alps  into  Dauphiny.  It  is  to  his 
character  and  achievements  at  this  period,  and  the  war 
in  which  he  encountered  his  own  uncle,  the  Duke  of 
Marlborough,  that  Montesquieu  thus  alludes,  "  Telle 

*  O'Conor  s  Military  Memoirs,  p.  335. 

t  Idem,  p.  337.       J  Murray's  Marlborough  Desp.,  v.  4,  p.  1 13. 


fiit  Tetoile  de  cette  Maison  de  Churchill,  qu'il  en  sor- 
tit  deux  hommes,  dont  Tun,  dans  le  meme  temps, 
fut  destine  a  ebranler,  et  Tautre  a  soutenir,  les  deux 
grandes  monarchies  de  TEurope." 

Berwick  was  killed  at  the  siege  of  Philpsburg  in 
Baden,  12th  June,  1734 ;  leaving  by  his  aforesaid 
wife,  the  Lady  Honora  de  Burgh  (who  died  in  1698, 
and  was  buried  at  Pontoise,  near  Paris)  one  son, 
James  Edward  Francis,  who  was  created  by  Philip 
the  Fifth,  Duke  of  Liria  and  Gherica,  and  a  Grandee 
of  Spain  of  the  first  class  ;  he  married  Catherine,  the 
daughter  and  heiress  of  Pierre  Duke  of  Veragas  orVeras 
Aquas  in  Spain  ;  in  whose  right  he  also  bore  that  title  ; 
and,  being  sent  ambassador  from  Philip  to  his  son  Don 
Carlos,  King  of  the  Two  Sicilies,  he  died  at  Naples  in 
1738,  leaving  issue  by  her,  two  sons,  the  eldest  James, 
Duke  of  Berwick  and  Liria,  Grandee  of  Spain,  and 
General  in  the  Spanish  service,  (who  was  father  of 
Charles  B.  Pascal  Janvier  Fitzjames,  Marquis  of 
Jamaica,  baptised  1751 ;)  and  the  second  son,  Duke 
Peter  Fitzjames,  called  in  Spain  Don  Pedro,  who  was 
an  admiral  in  that  service.  He  married  the  heiress  of 
Castelblanco,  and  had  issue. The  old  Duke  of  Ber- 
wick had,  on  the  decease  of  his  first  wife,  married  Miss 
Buckley,  one  of  the  maids  of  Honor  to  Queen  Mary 
d'Este,  and  by  her  had  five  children  :  James,  who  died 
without  issue  in  the  lifetime  of  his  father  ;  Francis, 
who  rose  to  eminence  in  the  Church  ;  Henry,  who  also 
entered  into  holy  orders  ;  Charles,  who  succeeded  to 
the  Dukedom  of  Fitzjames  in  France,  and  from  whom 


the  present  Duke  is  descended  ;  and  Maria,  married 
to  the  Duke  of  Mirandola,  a  Spanish  Grandee  of  the 
first  class.*  The  English  Dukedom  of  Berwick  had 
been  forfeited  on  the  attainder,  though  the  title  was 
used  bj  the  great  Duke  in  his  life-time,  and  sometimes 
by  his  descendants,  who  continued  to  be  successively 
Colonels  of  his  Brigade,  until  it  was  disbanded 
at  the  Revolution.  The  Spanish  branch  still  retains 
its  rank  and  estates. 

At  the  battle  of  Ypres,  in  1745,  the  still  Irish  names 
of  the  killed  in  Berwick's  Regiment  are  Captains 
Burke,  Nangle,  Anthony,  Cooke,  and  Higgins  ;  while, 
in  the  list  of  the  wounded,  appear  Captain  Colclough, 
and  Lieutenants  Plunket,  Carroll,  Mac  Carthy,  and 

In  1792,  there  were  in  garrison  at  London,  of 
Berwick's  ci-devarU  Regiment,  Lieutenant-Colonels 
O'More  and  Mac  Dermott. 

Captains: — O'Connor,  Bryan  OToole,  Richard 
O'Toole,  —  O'Gormican,  —  Cruise,  —  Reed,  —  Egan, 
William  O'Mara,  Thaddeus  O'Mara,  John  Geoghegan, 
— Hurly,  — Tuite,  — Swinton,  — Delany,  — ^Gregory, 
and  Byrne. 

LietUenants :  — D'Alton,  — Kavanagh,  — Forbes, — 
Grace, — Mulhall, — O'Kennedy, — Garrett  Fitzsimons, 
— Blake,  Richard  O'Byrne,  — D'Evereux,  — Geraghty, 

*  Jesse's  Memoirs  of  the  Court  of  England,  v.  4,  p.  490. 
t  (rent.  Mag.  ad  ann.  p.  276. 

counties'  assessment.  29 

—  Doyle,  —  Nagle,  Patt  Piersse,  and  Gerard  Piersse. 

Sub'Lieutenants : —  O'Sullivan,  —  MacCarthy,  Pat 
Jennings,  Luke  Allen,  Andrew  Elliott,  Morris 
Cameron.  While  on  the  French  Army  List  of  1792, 
the  staff  of  this  ci-devant  French  Eegiment  numbered 
still  in  the  French  service  : — 

Colonel — O'Connor. 

Lieutenant-Colonels: — Hurly  and  Shee. 

Captains : — Swanton, — Hussey, — MacCormick, — 
Doyle,  —  Koberts,  —  Nagle,  — Delany,  Martin  Hart, 
Andrew  Mac  Donough,  —  Beed,  —  Burke,  Marcus 
Laffan,  and  —  OTlynn. 

Lieutenants :  Luke  Allen, — Merle, — D'Alton, — 
Burke,  —  Meagher,  —  Fleming,  —  Prior,  — Nagle, — 
Ravel,  —  Houdart,  —  Derenzy,  Eugene  Chancel,  and 

Sub-Lieutenant — Nestor  Chancel. 

This  seems  the  most  apt  place  to  introduce  the 
genealogical  evidences,  that  arise  from  a  commission 
of  the  10th  April,  1690,  which  King  James  issued  for 
applotting  £20,000  per  month  on  personal  estates 
and  the  benefit  of  trade  and  traffic,  "  according  to  the 
ancient  custom  of  this  Kingdom  used  in  time  of  dan- 
ger." Of  this  tax  he  appointed  the  following  assessors 
in  the  several  counties,  &c. 

For  the  City  and  County  of  Dublin  ;  The  Lord 
Mayor  and  Sheriff  of  the  city  for  the  time  being. 
Garret  Dillon,  Esq.  Recorder  ;  Simon  Luttrell,  Esq. 


Governor  of  the  city  ;  Sir  Thomas  Hackett,  Sir  Wil- 
liam Ellis,  Thomas  Whitehead,  Lewis  Doe,  and  Thomas 
Browne,  Esq.  Their  applotment  on  the  city  to  be 
£5,000  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Dublin;  The  High  Sheriff  for 
the  time  being  ;  Simon  Luttrell,  Esq.  Lord  Lieutenant 
of  the  County  ;  Colonel  Patrick  Sarsfield,  John  Tal- 
bot of  Belgard,  Esq.  Captain  Robert  Arthur,  Captain 
Kobert  Russell,  James  Hackett,  Esq.  Christopher 
Massy,  Esq.  and  Ignatius  Purcell,  Esq.  Their  applot- 
ment to  be  £2,391  6s.  9d.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Kildare  ;  The  High  Sheriff  j9ro 
temp. ;  Sir  Patrick  Trant,  Baronet ;  Charles  White, 
Esq.  Colonel  Charles  Moore,  Wm.  Talbot,  John  Wogan, 
Francis  Leigh,  Esqs.  the  Sovereign  of  the  Naas  pro 
temp,  and  Edmund  Fitzgerald,  Esq.  Their  applot- 
ment,  £1,643  5s.  3d.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Carlow  ;  The  High  Sheriff /?ro 
temp.  ;  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall,  John  Bagot  Junior, 
Patrick  Wall,  Pierce  Bryan,  Marcus  Baggot,  Hubert 
Kelly,  Esqs.  the  Sovereign  of  Carlow  pro  temp,  and 
William  Coolie,  Esq.  Their  applotment,  £726  19s.  3d. 
for  the  three  months. 

For  the  King's  County  ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.  Garret  Moore,  Esq.  Colonel  Francis  Oxburgh, 
Terence  Coghlan,  John  Coghlan  of  Tullamore,  Edward 
Baggott,  Owen  Carroll,  Henry  Oxburgh,  Garret 
Trant,  Esqs.  Their  applotment  to  be  £860  17s.  6d. 
for  the  three  months. 

For  the  Queeris  County;    The  High  Sheriff />ro 

counties'  assessment.  31 

temp.  Sir  Patrick  Trant,  Baronet,  Sir  Gregory  Byrne, 
Edward  Morris,  Oliver  Grace,  Thady  Fitzpatrick, 
Daniel  Doran,  John  Weaver  and  John  Warren,  Esqs. 
Their  applotment,  £956  10s.  9d.  for  the  three 

For  tlie  County  of  Longford  ;  The  High  Sheriff, 
pro  temp.^  Oliver  Fitzgerald,  Esq.,  Thomas  Nugent  of 
Colamber,  John  Nugent  of  Killasonna,  Eobert  Sans, 
Francis  Ferrall,  Robert  Farrell,  and  Robert  Dowling, 
Esqs.     Their  applotment  to  be  £573  18s.  3d. 

For  the  County  of  Meath  ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.j  Sir  Patrick  Bamewall,  Sir  William  Talbot, 
Baronet,  Sir  John  Fleming,  Thomas  Bellew,  Henry 
Draycott,  John  Hatch,  Adam  Crane,  and  Richard 
Barnewall,  Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £2,793  2s.  for 
the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Westmeath  ;  The  High  Sheriff  joro 
temp.  Garret  Nugent  of  Dysart,  Edmund  Malone, 
Garret  Nangle,  William  Handcock,  James  Dease, 
Keadagh  Geoghegan,  (Jeorge  Peyton,  and  Richard 
Fitzgerald,  Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £1,434  16s. 
for  the  three  months. 

For  the  City  of  Kilkenny  ;  The  Mayor,  Recorder^ 
and  Sheriffs  pro  temp.^  Walter  Lawless,  Henry  Archer, 
Luke  Dormer,  James  Rafter,  and  John  Shee,  Esqs. 
Their  applotment,  £190  17s.  6d.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Kilkenny  ;  The  High  Sheriff 
pro  temp.  Colonel  Walter  Butler,  Colonel  Edward 
Butler,  John  Grace,  Marcus  Shee,  Harvey  Morris,  Esqs. 
The  Sovereign  of  Callan  j9ro  temp.  Edmund  Blanchville, 


Esq.  and  the  Portreef  of  Gowran  pro  temp.     Their 
applotment,  £1,932  4s.  3d.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Weaford ;  The  High  Sheriff 
pro  temp.  Colonel  Walter  Butler,  Patrick  Colclough, 
Walter  Talbot,  William  Howe,  Patrick  Lambert, 
Anthony  Talbot,  Matthew  Forde,  and  Patrick  White, 
Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £1,434  16s.  for  the  three 

For  the  County  of  Wicklow ;  The  High  Sheriff 
pro  temp.  Francis  Toole,  Wm.  Talbot  of  Fassaroe,  Ph. 
Cowdell,  Wm.  Wolverston,  William  Hoey,  Cromwell 
Wingfield,  Escjuires,  and  Thomas  Byrne,  Burgess  of 
Wicklow.  Their  applotment,  £688  14s.  3d.  for  the 
three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Louth  ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.  Sir  Patrick  Bellew,  John  Cheever,  Roger  Gernon, 
Esqs.  John  Babe,  Henry  Townley,  Patrick  Dowdall, 
and  Nicholas  Gernon,  Esquires.  Their  applotment, 
£994  16s.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  Town  of  Drogheda  ;  The  Mayor,  Recorder, 
and  Sheriflfe  pro  temp.  Thomas  Peppard  Fitz-George, 
Christopher  Peppard  Fitz-Ignatius,  Patrick  Plunket, 
Alderman,  and  John  Moore.  Their  applotment, 
£210  9s.  3d.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Limerick  ;  The  High  Sheriff 
pro  temp.  Sir  Joseph  Fitzgerald,  Dominick  Roche, 
John  Bourk  of  Cahirmoyle,  John  Rice  of  Hospital, 
Edward  Rice,  John  Baggott  Senior,  Henry  Wray, 
Thaddeus  Quinn,  and  George  Evans,  Esqs.  Their  ap- 
plotment, £1,932  Is.  3d.  for  the  three  months. 


For  the  City  of  Limerick  ;  The  Mayor,  Eecorder, 
and  Sheriflfe  pro  temp.  Sir  James  Galway,  Baronet, 
John  McNamara,  John  Eice  Fitz-Edward,  Robert 
Herman,  and  John  Leonard,  Esqs.  Their  applotment, 
£382  12s.  3d.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Cork ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.  Daniel  O'Donovan,  Daniel  O'Sullivan  Bear, 
Daniel  Mc  Carthy  Beagh,  Nicholas  Brown,  Esq.  Sir 
John  Mead,  Knight,  Sir  James  Cotter,  Knight,  Miles 
Coursey,  Charles  Mc  Carthy  alias  Mc  Donogh,  Edward 
Fitzgerald  of  Ballyverter,  Dominick  Sarsfield,  David 
Nagle,  John  Galway,  Martin  Supple,  Esqs.  the  Mayor, 
Recorder,  and  SheriflS  of  the  City  of  Cork  pro  temp. 
Andrew  Morrogh,  Stephen  Gold,  John  Longan,  Ed- 
ward Gough,  Esqs.,  the  Mayor  of  Youghal  pro  temp. 
the  Sovereign  of  Kinsale  pro  temp,  the  Sovereign  of 
Mallow  pro  temp,  the  Sovereign  of  Charleville  pro 
temp,  and  John  Power  of  Kellballer,  Esq.  Their 
applotment,  £683  lis.  for  tlie  three  months. 

For  the  City  of  Waterford ;  The  High  Sheriff 
pro  temp.  J  the  Earl  of  Tyrone,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Thomas  Nugent,  Matthew  How,  John  Nugent,  Richard 
Marsfield,  Thomas  Sherlock,  Pierce  Walsh,  and  Nicho- 
las Power,  Esqs.  Their  applotment  for  the  three 
months,  £1,262  12s.  9d. 

For  the  County  and  City  of  Waterford ;  The 
Mayor,  Recorder,  and  Sheriffs  pro  temp.^  Richard 
Fitz-G^rald,  Michael  Porter,  Michael  Head,  and  James 
White,  Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £382  12s.  3d.  for 
the  three  months. 


For  the  County  of  Clare  ;  The  High  Sheriff/>ro  temp.^ 
Sir  Donogh  O'Brien,  John  Mc  Namara  of  Cratelogh, 
Donogh  O'Brien  of  Duogh,  Daniel  Mc  Namara,  John 
Mc  Namara  of  Moyriff,  James  Aylmer,  Florence 
Mc  Namara,  Samuel  Boyton,  John  Mc  Namara,  Col- 
lector, and  the  Provost  of  Ennis  pro  temp.  Their  ap- 
plotment,  £1,798  5s.  6d;  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Kerry  ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.j  Colonel  Mc  Carthy  More,  William  Brown, 
Esq.  Sir  Thomas  Crosby,  Knight ;  Stephen  Eice, 
Daniel  O'Donoghue,  Ambrose  Moore,  Esqs.;  the 
Sovereign  of  Dingle  pro  temp,  the  Provost  of  Tralee 
pro  temp,  and  Andrew  Elliott.  Their  applotment, 
£1,052  4s.  9d.  for  the  three  months 

For  the  County  of  Tipperary^  including  Holycross  ; 
The  High  SheriflF/>r(?  temp.^  Colonel  Nicholas  Purcell, 
Major  James  Tobin,  John  Cantwell,  James  Kearney, 
Thaddeus  Meagher,  Terence  Magrath,  James  Hackett, 
Ambrose  -Mandeville,  the  Mayor  of  Cashel  pro  temp. 
the  Mayor  of  Clonmel  pro  temp.  Edmund  Ryan, 
Cormick  Egan,  Nicholas  White  Fitz-Henry,  Esquires, 
the  Sovereign  of  Feathard,  and  Peter  Dalton,  Esq. 
Their  applotment,  £4,208  16s.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Donegal ;  The  High  SheriflF 
pro  temp.^  Captain  Manus  O'Donnell,  Henry  Nugent, 
John  Nugent,  Daniel  Mc  Swine,  Captain  Daniel 
O'Donnell,  and  Captain  Hugh  O'Donnell.  Their  ap- 
plotment, £1,951  7s.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Tyrone  ;  The  High  SheriflF  jK>ro 
temp.^  the  Provost  of  Strabane  pro  temp,  the  Provost 

counties'  assessment,  35 

of  Dungannon  pro  temp.  Captain  Terence  Donnelly, 
Patrick  Donnelly,  Hugh  Quinn,  and  John  Clements, 
Esquires.  Their  applotment,  £1,492  4s.  for  the  three 

For  the  County  of  Fermanagh  ;  The  High  SheriflF 
pro  temp.j  Constantine  Maguire,  Edmund  Oge 
Maguire,  Bryan  Maguire,  Constantine  Oge  Maguire, 
Philip  Maguire,  and  Captain  Thomas  Maguire.  Their 
applotment,  £1,013  18s.  9d.  for  the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Cavan  ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.  Captain  Edmund  Reilly,  Luke  Reilly,  Philip 
Reilly,  Philip  Oge  Reilly,  Francis  Bourke,  and  Thomas 
Fleming,  Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £1090  9s  6d.  for 
the  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Monaghan  ;  The  High  Sheriff 
pro  temp.  Colonel  Art  Oge  McMahon,  Captain  Hugh 
McMahon,  Captain  Bryan  McMahon,  Captain  Farrell 
Ward,  Doctor  Henry  Cassidy,  and  Alex.  MacCabe. 
Their  applotment,  £1052  4s.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Antrim^  including  the  town  of  Car- 
rickfergus ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro  temp.  Sir  Neill 
O'Neill,  Cormuck  O'Neill,  RandaD  McDonnell,  Thady 
O'Hara,  Francis  Stafford,  and  Rowland  White,  Esqs. 
Their  applotment,  £2257  8s.  9d.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  Doum  ;  the  High  Sheriff  jt?ro  temp. 
Phelim  Magenis,  Murtagh  Magenis,  Rowland  Savage, 
John  Savage,  John  McArtan,  and  Toole  O'Neill.  Their 
applotment,  £2011  14s.  3d.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Armagh  ;  The  High  Sheriff  jt>ro 
temp,   the   Sovereign  of  Armagh  pro  temp.  Colonel 

D  2 


Owen  O'NeiU,  Turlough  O'NeiU,  Paul  O'NeiU,  Hugh 
Buy  O'Neill,  and  Robert  Martin,  Esqs.  Their  applot- 
ment,  £1052  4s.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Londonderry  and  tJie  City  of 
Londonderry  and  the  Town  and  Barony  of  Coleraine  ; 
the  Mayor  and  Sheriffs  of  Londonderry  pro  tenip. 
Cormuck  O'Neill,  Conn  O'Neill,  Art  O'Hegan,  and 
John  O'Hegan,  Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £1473  Is. 
3d.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  and  tlie  Town  of  Galway  ;  The 
Mayor,  Recorder  and  Sheriff  j^ro  temp.  Stephen  Deane, 
Peter  Kirwan,  John  Bodkin,  James  Browne,  Collector  ; 
John  Kirwan,  Thomas  Revett,  and  George  Stanton, 
Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £325  4s.  6d.  for  the  three 

For  the  County  of  Galway  ;  The  High  Sheriff  joro 
temp.  Sir  Ulick  Bourke,  Roger  O'Shaughnessy,  Richard 
Bourke  of  Derryraghaghna,  Nicholas  French,  Oliver 
Martin,  Dermot  Daly,  Laughlin  Daly,  James  Donel- 
lan,  Richard  Blake,  and  Miles  Bourke  of  Clougheroge, 
Esqs.  Their  applotment,  £2410  9s.  6d.  for  three 

For  the  County  of  Roscommon  ;  The  High  Sheriff 
pro  temp.  Colonel  Charles  Kelly,  Captain  Theobald 
Dillon,  Bryan  Fallon,  Roger  McDermott,  Cormuck 
McDermott,  and  the  Portreeve  of  Roscommon  pi^o 
temp.  Their  applotment,  £1501  15s.  3d.  for  three 

For  the  County  of  Sligo ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.   Colonel  Oliver  O'Gara,  Henry  Croflton,  David 

counties'  assessment.  37 

Bond,  Charles  O'Hara,  John  Crofton,  James  French, 
John  Brett,  Esqs.,  and  the  Sovereign  of  Sligo  pro  temp. 
Their  applotment,  £1186  2s.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Antrim  ;  The  High  Sheriff  jK>ro 
temp.  Gerald  Kean,  Esq.,  Colonel  Henry  O'Neill,  Cap- 
tain  John  Reynolds,  Bryan  Greoghegan,  Thady  Roddy, 
Lieutenant  Jeffry  O'Rourke.  Their  applotment,  £688 
14s.  3d.  for  three  months. 

For  the  County  of  Mayo  ;  The  High  Sheriff  pro 
temp.  Colonel  Garret  Moore,  Colonel  Henry  Dillon, 
Colonel  John  Browne,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Walter 
Bourke,  George  Browne,  Esq.  Captain  Thomas  Bourke, 
Captain  John  Bermingham,  and  John  Fitzgerald. 
Their  applotment,  £1555  14s.  3d.  for  the  three 

With  all  powers  and  instructions  for  collecting  same. 
Date^  10th  April,  1690  ;  sixth  of  our  reign.* 


Out  of  the  Muster  RoUs^  2nd.  June^  1690. 

Duke  of  Tyrconnel,  Captain-General. 

Duke  of  Berwick,  Lieutenant-General. 

Richard  Hamilton,  Lieutenant-General. 

Count  Lauzun,  General  of  the  French. 

Monsieur  Lery  alias  Geraldine,  Lieutenant-General. 

Dominick  Sheldon,  Lieutenant-General  of  the  Horse. 

Patrick  Sarsfield,  Major-General. 

•  Harris's  MSS.  vol.  10,  p.  166,  &c. 


Monsieur  Boiseleau,  Major-General. 
Anthony  Hamilton,  Major-General. 

'  Wahup. ' 

Thomas  Maxwell,  Brigadier. 

John  Hamilton,  Brigadier. 

Will  Dorrington,  Brigadier. 

Solomon  Slater,  Muster-Master-G^neral. 

Robert  Fitzgerald,  Comptroller  of  the  Mustt^rs. 

Sir  Richard  Nangle,  [Nagle]  Secretary  at  War. 

Sir  Henry  Bond,  Receiver-General. 

Louis  Doe,  Receiver-General. 

Sir  Michael  Creagh,  Paymaster-General. 

Felix  O'Neill,  Advocate-General. 

Dr.  Archbold,  Physician  to  the  State. 

Patrick  Archbold,  Chirurgeon-General. 

This  classification  of  the  Field  Officers  was  taken  by 
Dr.  King,  (State  of  the  Protestants^  App,  p.  67,  etc.) 
from  the  Muster  Rolls  drawn  up  subsequent  to  the 
date  of  this  Army  List.  It  is  followed  in  King,  by  a 
similar  detail  of  the  Field  Officers  of  each  Regiment, 
and  is  also  given  in  Story's  History  of  the  Campaign  ; 
(Pt.  ii.  p.  30.)  Wherever  these  names  or  commissions 
differ  from  what  appear  on  the  '  List,'  the  variance  is 
noted  in  the  work  ;  while  it  is  to  be  observed  that 
the  Illustrations  of  Families  are  given  respectively,  at 
the  mention  of  that  representative  thereof,  who  ranks 
highest  on  the  Roll ;  and  there  it  is  proposed  to  collect 
particulars  of  such  others  of  the  name,  as  are  recorded 
in  commission  on  other  Regiments.  The  Index  will 
mark  the  especial  places  of  Notices. 



Regiments  of  Horse. 

1.  Richard,  Earl  of  Tyrconnel's. 

2.  Lord  Galmoy's. 

3.  Colonel  Patrick  Sarsfield's. 

4.  Lord  Abercorn's. 

5.  Colonel  Henry  Luttrell's. 

6.  Colonel  Hugh  Sutherland's. 

7.  Colonel  John  Parker's. 

8.  Colonel  Nicholas  Purcell's. 







The  Colonel. 

Thomas  Beatagh. 

Peter  Caanooe. 

Dominick  Sheldon, 

Edmund  BuUer. 

John  Brjan. 




John  Boch. 

Edmund  Nangle. 

James  Furlong. 

John  Arthur. 

George  Bamewall. 

Edmund  Hamej. 


Walter  Bellew. 

Edmund  Keating. 

Thomas  Bourke. 



James  Butler. 
Robert  Nugent 


Kidiolas  Cnsack. 


John  Talbot, 

NidiolasBamewalL  Nioholaa  Taaffe. 



The  deficiencies,  in  the  list  of  the  above  Quarter-masters,  arise  from  the 
mutilation  of  the  ori^nal  manuscript. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  41 


The  achievements  of  this  noble  family  are  em- 
blazoned in  the  history  of  every  civilized  nation,  and, 
like  most  of  the  English  Aristocracy,  they  derive  their 
origin  from  Normandy,  claiming,  as  their  ancestors  in 
far  back  time,  the  Talbots,  Barons  of  Clueville  in  the 
District  of  Caux.  In  1066,  Hugh  and  Richard 
Talbot  are  named  amongst  the  Knights  who  espoused 
the  cause  of  William  the  Conqueror,  and  as  such  they 
appear  in  Bromton's  List  and  in  the  ancient  'Chronicle 
of  Normandy.'  The  lines  into  which  they  branched 
in  England  are  fiilly  set  forth  in  the  History  of  the 
County  of  Dublin^  p.  198,  etc. 

Richard  and  Robert  Talbot,  having  accompanied 
Henry  the  Second  in  the  invasion  of  Ireland,  the  for- 
mer had  a  grant  of  the  Lordship  of  Malahide,  in  the 
County  of  Dublin,  which  has  continued  in  his  descen- 
dants to  the  present  day.  His  namesake  was  Arch- 
bishop of  Dublin  in  1262.  In  1311,  John  Talbot 
was  summoned  to  attend  the  Parliament  of  Kilkenny  ; 
and  in  1315,  Richard  Talbot,  the  lineal  descendant  in 
the  fourth  degree  of  the  first  Richard,  distinguished  him- 
self  under  the  Lord  de  Bermingham  on  the  occasion  of 
Edward  Brace's  invasion  of  this  country.  In  1373  and 
1375,  Sir  Thomas  Talbot  of  Malahide  was  summoned 
to  Irish  Parliaments ;  and  in  1378,  Reginald  Talbot 
was  Sheriff  of  the  County  of  Dublin,  at  which  time 
branches    of   the    family   were   established    in    the 


Counties  ofCarlow,  Kilkenny,  Louth,  Meath,  and 
Wexford.  In  1379,  Richard  Talbot  of  Malahide  was 
summoned  to  a  great  council  at  Baltinglas,  and  he 
also  was  afterwards  Sheriff  of  the  county  of  Dublin. 
In  1414,  the  renowned  Sir  John  Talbot,  Lord  Fur- 
nival,  after  those  exploits  in  France  which  the  inspi- 
rations of  Shakspere  have  even  more  immortalised,  was 
constituted  Viceroy  of  Ireland.  In  1443,  his  brother, 
theretofore  Lord  Chancellor  of  Ireland,  was  appointed 
Archbishop  of  Dublin  ;  and  in  1447,  his  son,  who 
had  succeeded  to  the  title  of  Lord  Funiival,  was  also 
named  Lord  Chancellor  of  Ireland. 

On  the  attainders  of  1642  appear  the  names  of 
John  Talbot  of  Castletown,  County  of  Kildare,  Clerk  ; 
Gerard  Talbot  of  Naas,  Gilbert  and  Gerald  Talbot  of 
Carton,  Matthew  of  Templeogue,  George  of  Malahide, 
Clerk;  John  and  William  Talbot  also  of  Malahide; 
Thomas  of  Poerston,  County  Dublin  ;  James  of 
Robertstown,  County  Meath,  clerk  ;  James  of  Athboy, 
Merchant ;  and  Sir  Robert  Talbot,  styled  of  Castle- 
^allagh,  County  Wicklow,  Baronet.  The  latter  was,  in 
1665,  under  the  provision  of  the  Act  of  Explanation, 
restored  to  his  mansion  seat,  and  2,000  acres,  if  he 
were  seized  of  so  much  on  the  21st  Oct.  1642  ;  if  not, 
then  only  to  as  much  as  he  was  seized  of  He  was 
the  elder  brother  of  the  Richard  Talbot  at  present 
under  consideration,  who  was  the  fifth  son  of  William 
Talbot,  a  Barrister,  by  Alison  NetterviUe  (who  died 
in  1633).  "They,"  writes  Lord  Clarendon  (who  was 
TyrconneFs  brother-in-law,  and  here  alludes  to  the  sons 

ttrconnel's  horse.  43 

of  said  William  Talbot,  "  were  all  of  an  Irish  family, 
but  of  ancient  English  extraction,  which  had  always 
inhabited  within  that  circle  that  was  called  the  Pale, 
which,  being  originally  an  English  Plantation,  was  in 
so  many  years  for  the  most  part  degenerated  into  the 
manners  of  the  Irish,  and  rose  and  mingled  with  them 
in  the  late  rebellion  ;  and  of  this  family  there  were 
two  distinct  branches,  who  had  competent  estates,  and 
lived  for  many  descents  in  the  rank  of  gentlemen  of 
quality  ;  and  these  brothers  were  all  the  sons  or  grand- 
sons of  one  who  was  a  Judge  in  Ireland,  and  esteemed  a 
learned  man.  The  eldest  was  Sir  Robert  Talbot,  who 
was  by  much  the  best.  The  second,  Peter,  was  a 
Jesuit,  who  had  been  very  troublesome  to  the  King 
abroad,  but  afterwards,  on  the  Restoration,  rose  into 
Royal  favour.  The  third,  Gilbert,  was  called  Colonel, 
for  some  conmiand  he  had  against  the  King  ;  he  also 
had  been  with  the  King  in  Flanders,  and  was  looked 
upon  as  a  man  of  courage,  having  fought  a  dvd  or 
two  with  stout  men.  The  fifth  was  *  Dick '  Talbot."  * 
This  last  individual,  the  future  Earl  of  Tyroonnel, 
bom  to  no  inheritance  but  his  talent,  obtained  a  com- 
mission in  the  '  Irish '  army  after  the  insurrection  of 
1641,  and  served  during  the  ensuing  Civil  War, 
under  the  command  of  his  own  nephew.  Sir  Walter 
Dongan.  He  afterwards  went  to  Spain  with  his 
troops,  exiled  by  Cromwell,  and  thence  to  Flanders, 
following  the  fortune  of  the  exiled  Stuarts.  He  there 
distinguished  himself  by  numerous  acts  of  bravery, 

♦  Clarendon's  Life  of  Himself,  vol.  2,  p.  362. 


and  had  been  a  volunteer  in  the  famous  naval  engage- 
ment between  Van  Tromp  and  the  Duke  of  YorL  By 
his  handsome  figure,  insinuating  address  and  chival- 
rous loyalty,  he  ingratiated  himself  with  that  Prince, 
and,  on  the  Restoration,  was  enabled  to  purchase 
large  estates  in  Ireland.  When  in  1670  the  Irish 
cavaliers,  who  had  suffered  in  their  assertion  of  the 
Royal  cause,  sought  to  press  upon  the  attention  of 
Charles  the  Second  their  losses  and  privations, 
Colonel  Richard  Talbot  was  their  chosen  advocate. 
Their  petition,  signed  by  Lords  Westmeath,  Mount- 
Garrett,  Kingsland,  Dongan,  and  Trimlcston,  and  a 
large  body  of  gentlemen,  on  behalf  of  themselves  and 
the  Roman  Catholics  of  Ireland,  though  a  well  merited 
appeal,  was  considered  however  an  assault  on  vested 
interests,  and  in  truth  amounted  to  almost  a  Repeal  of 
the  Act  of  Settlement.  Too  powerful  interests  were 
awake  to  maintain  that  measure,  and  the  lapse  of 
years,  the  succession  of  families,  and  the  transfer  of 
property  have  established  its  conveyances  down  to  the 
present  day.  In  this  his  ardour  to  advance  the  claims 
of  his  Catholic  countrymen,  Talbot  incurred  the  jea- 
lousy of  the  Duke  of  Ormonde,  and  actually  applied 
such  opprobrious  language  to  that  nobleman,  that  he, 
as  Dr.  Currie  writes,  "  waiting  on  the  King,  inquired 
whether  he  should  put  off  his  doublet  to  fight  with 
Dick  Talbot." 

In  the  attack  made  by  the  Dutch  in  1672  on  the 
English  fleet  in  Solebay,  this  Colonel  was  taken 
prisoner.    In  six  years  after,  he  was  seized  in  the  gal- 

tyrconnel's  horse.  45 

lery  of  the  Castle  of  Dublin,  and  committed  to  close 
confinement ;  his  brother,  the  before  mentioned  Peter 
Talbot,  then    the    Eoman    Catholic    Archbishop  of 
Dublin,  being  at  that  time   also   imprisoned   there, 
under  the  suspicion  of  the  '  Popish  Plot.'  The  Colonel 
however  eflFected  his  own  escape  to  France,  and  while 
there  in  1679,  after  long  previous  courtship,  he  ob- 
tained the  hand  of  the  beautiful   widow   of  George 
Count  Hamilton.      This  her  first  husband  was  son  of 
the  fourth  Earl  of  Abercom,  and  Colonel  of  a  French 
Regiment  in  France,  where  he  was  killed  in  1676  ; 
leaving  issue  by  his  young  widow  three  daughters, 
Elizabeth,  afterwards  married  to  Laurence  Viscount 
Ross  ;  Frances,  to  Henry  Viscount  Dillon  ;  and  Mary, 
to  Nicholas  Viscount  Kingsland.      At  the  Viceregal 
Court  these  ladies  were  distinguished  as  the  three  Vis- 
countesses, and  were  buried  together  in  St.  Patrick's 
Cathedral,  as  was  their  mother  many  years  after.    Her 
maiden  name  was  Frances  Jennings,  the  eldest  daughter 
of  Richard  Jennings  of  Sandridge  in  Herefonlshire, 
and  sister  of  the  celebrated  Duchess  of  Marlborough. 
In  1684,  Tyrconnel  returned  from  his  exile,  and 
King  James,  on  his  accession  to  the  throne,  promoted 
him  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant-General,  as  "  a  man  of 
great  abilities  and  clear  courage,  and  one,  who  for  many 
years  had  a  true  attachment  to  His  Majesty's  person 
and  interest."     He  also  raised  him  by  patent  of  1685 
to  the  Peerage  of  Ireland,  with  the  titles  of  Baron  of 
Talbotstown,  Viscount  Baltinglas  and  Earl  of  Tyrcon- 


nel,*  to  hold  to  him  and  his  heirs  male,  and  for  want 
of  such  issue  to  his  nephew  Sir  William  Talbot  of 
Cartown,  Baronet,  and  his  heirs  male ;  and,  in  case 
of  failure  there,  to  another  of  his  nephews,  William 
Talbot  of  Haggardstown.  The  preamble  to  this  pa- 
tent also  lauds  the  Colonel  for  ^^  his  immaculate  alle- 
giance, and  his  infinitely  great  services  performed  to 
the  King,  and  to  King  Charles  the  Second,  in 
England,  Ireland,  and  foreign  parts,  both  by  sea  and 
land,  in  which  he  suffered  frequent  imprisonments  and 
many  great  wounds."  Then  it  was  that,  being  jealous 
of  the  support,  which  the  Duke  of  Monmouth's 
rebellion  had  received  from  his  English  subjects  of  the 
Protestant  faith,  and  fearing  the  sympathies  of  those 
of  Ireland  in  that  cause,  James  at  once  determined  on 
disarming  them ;  the  more  especially  as  the  army  of 
Ireland  at  that  time  consisted,  in  a  very  large  propor- 
tion, of  men  of  the '  new  interest,'  as  those  of  Cromwell's 
introduction  were  termed  ;  and  he  gave  ample  powers 
to  this  new  peer  to  regulate  the  existing  troops,  and  place 
and  displace  whom  he  pleased ;  at  the  same  time 
appointing  his  brother-in-law,  the  Earl  of  Clarendon, 
Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland.  "  Talbot,"  admits  Har- 
ris, the  historian  of  King  William,  "  proceeded  in  new 
modelling  the  army,  and  began  with  the  ofl&cers  in 
the  same  method,    that  was   designed  immediately 

•  This  title  had  been  originallj  in  the  iUustrious  Irish  Sept  of 
O'Donnell,  and  was  subsequently  enjoyed  by  Owen  Fitz- William, 
by  a  creation  of  1663,  to  him  and  his  heirs,  which  became 
extinct  by  his  death  in  1669.— S.  P. 

tyrconnbl's  horse.  47 

before  the  death  of  King  Charles  ;  which  was,  to  dis- 
place all  officers  that  had  been  in  the  Parliamentary 
or  in  Oliver's  army,  and  the  sons  of  such.  The  Duke 
of  Ormonde  had  directions  to  proceed  in  this  manner, 
yet  he  made  no  progress  in  it,  under  pretence  of  gain- 
ing time  to  find  them  out,  but  in  reality  because  he 
saw  it  was  to  make  room  for  papists."* 

A  similar  new  modelling  took  place  in  the  Corpo- 
rations, when  various  Catholics  of  this  name  were 
introduced  into  the  new  charters.  James  Talbot  was 
a  burgess  in  that  to  Athenry  ;  James  and  William 
Talbot  in  that  to  Roscommon  ;  William  Talbot  in  that 
to  Athy  ;  Major  William  Talbot  in  one  to  Banagher. 
Walter,  Anthony,  William,  Patrick,  John,  and  Charles 
Talbot  were  burgesses  in  another  to  Enniscorthy  ; 
Richard  Talbot  in  that  to  Swords  ;  while  in  the  char- 
ter to  Wexford,  Walter,  Anthony,  and  William 
Talbot  were  appointed  aldermen,  and  Patrick  Talbot 
town-clerk  of  the  borough. 

TyrconneFs  annual  salary  at  this  time  as  Lieu- 
tenant-General  of  the  Army,  was  £1,410  ;  that  of  the 
Earl  of  Clarendon,  as  Viceroy,  £6,593  6s.  8d.  On 
the  same  establishment  of  1687-^,  Sir  William 
Talbot,  Baronet,  ranks  a  pensioner  for  £500,  and 
Mr.  William  Talbot  for  other  £50. 

The  influence,  which  Lord  Clarendon  might  be  sup- 
posed at  this  period  to  have  over  his  brother,  could  not 
restrain  those  indiscretions  of  his  that  ultimately  alien- 

•  Harris's  WilUam  III^  p.  106-7. 

48  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

ated  the  kingdom  from  James.     At  the  close  of  1686, 
he  was  obliged  to  resign  the  Viceroyalty,  and  Tyrcon- 
nel  was  deputed  in  his  place.     In  August,  1687,  the 
latter  waited  on  King  James,  as  before  mentioned,^  at 
Chester ;  and  in  the  November  of  the  next  year,  when 
the  Prince  of  Orange  made  his  descent  upon  England, 
Tyrconnel,  who  was  especially  intrusted  to  support  the 
cause  of  James  in  Ireland,  promptly  l)ut  unsuccessfully 
sought  to  secure  Derry,  from  which  he  had  previously 
drawn  off  the  garrison.      In  a  fortnight  after,  King 
James  made  his  will  at  Whitehall,  and  therein  named 
this  Earl  one  of  those  to  whom  he  confided  the  conduct 
of  his  wishes  and  objects.     On  the  following  14th  of 
March,  when  James,  having  eluded  the  vigilance  of 
Admiral  Herbert,  who  was  ordered  to  intercept  him,f 
after  landing  at  Kinsale  proceeded  to  Cork,  Tyrconnel 
waited  upon  him  there,  and  gave  liim  an  account  of 
the  state  and  condition  of  this  kingdom  ;  represent- 
ing that  the  diligence  of  the  Catholic  Nobility  and 
Gentry  had  raised  above  fifty  regiments  of  Foot  and 
several  troops  of  Horse  and  Dragoons,"  (defining  thus, 
as  accurately  as  possible,  the  contents  of  the  present 
Army  List);  "that  he  had  distributed  amongst  them 
about  20,000  arms,  but  they  were  most  so  old  and 
unserviceable,   that   not   above    1,000    of  the    fire- 
arms  were  foimd  afterwards  to  be  of  any  use  ;  that 
the  old  troops,  consisting  of  one  battalion  of  Guards, 
together  with  Macarty's,  Clancarty's,   and  Newton's 

♦  Ante,  p.  13. 

t  Lansdowne  MSS.  Brit.  Museum,  No.  849,  f.  79. 

tybconnel's  horse.  49 

[Newcomen's]  Regiments,  were  pretty  well  armed, 
as  also  seven  companies  of  Mountjoy's,  which  were 
with  them  ;  the  other  six  having  staid  in  Derry  with 
Colonel  Lundy  and  Gust.  Hamilton,  who  were  respec- 
tively the  Lieutenant-Colonel  and  Major  of  that 
Regiment ;  that  he  had  three  Re^ments  of  Horse, 
.Tyrconners  (his  own),  Russell's,  and  one  of  Dragoons  ; 
that  the  Catholics  of  the  country  had  no  arms,  where- 
as the  Protestants  had  great  plenty,  and  the  best 
horses  in  the  Kingdom  ;  that  for  artillery  he  had  but 
eight  small  pieces  in  a  condition  to  march,  the  rest 
not  mounted ;  no  stores  in  the  magazines,  little 
powder  and  ball,  all  the  oflScers  gone  for  England, 
and  no  money  in  cash.*** 

In  this  the  EarVs  own  Regiment,  John  Talbot  of 
Belgard  (of  whom  hereafter)  was  a  Captain,  while  in 
Lord  Dongan's  Dragoons,  Henry,  William  and  John 
Talbot  were  Lieutenants  ;  George  Talbot  was  a  Major 
in  the  King's  Own  Infantry,  as  was  John  Talbot 
in  Colonel  John  Hamilton's  Foot,  and  Gawan 
Talbot  in  the  Earl  of  Westmeath's.  In  the  Earl  of 
Clanricarde's,  John  Talbot  was  a  Captain,  and  Luke 
Talbot  a  Lieutenant.  In  Colonel  Henry  Dillon's, 
Gilbert  Talbot  was  a  Lieutenant,  and  Mark  Talbot, 
(whom  the  Montgomery  MSS.  describe  as  ^  Tyrconnel's 

*  darkens  Life  of  James  the  II.  vol.  2.  It  appears  that  King 
Jaroes  was  entertained  on  this  occasion  at  Cross-Green  House  in 
Cork;  one  of  his  pages  was  William  Owgan,  who  in  1721  was 
Sheriff  of  that  City  ;  in  1742,  its  Mayor  ;  and  died  in  1776,  at 
the  advanced  age  of  95. — Hibernian  MagazineSj  ad  ann. 


50  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

bastard')  was  Lieutenant-Colouel  in  the  Earl  of  An- 

On  the  24th  March,  the  last  day  of  the  year, 
(1688),  James  entered  Dublin,  the  only  Capital  which 
seemed  yet  willing  to  hail  liim  as  a  King.  On  this 
occasion  Tyrconnel,  bearing  the  sword  of  state  in  a 
carriage,  preceded  the  King,  who  followed  amidst  the 
plaudits  of  the  multitude,  gallantly  mounted  and  ac- 
companied by  the  Earl  of  Granard  and  Lonl  Powis  on 
his  right,  and  the  Duke  of  Benvick  and  Lord  Melfort 
at  his  left.*  A  short  time  after,  he  proceeded  to 
Deny,  "though  the  season  was  very  bitter,"  writes 
Colonel  0'Kelly,f  "  in  order  to  preserve  his  Protestant 
subjects  there  from  the  ill-treatment  which  he  ap- 
prehended they  might  receive  from  the  Irisli ;  but  he 
was  surprised,  when  on  appearing  before  the  City, 
instead  of  receiving  their  submission,"  he  was  assailed 
with  avowed  hostility.  Returning  to  Dublin,  he  on 
the  24th  of  April  summoned  his  Parliament  for  May  ; 
on  the  first  of  which  month,  anxiously  looking  back 
to  Deny,  he  wrote  to  Lieutenant-General  Hamilton, 
then  encamped  before  that  City,  "  you  shall  have  all 
I  can  send  you,  cannon  and  mortars,  to  enable  you 
to  reduce  that  rebellious  town  ;  and  to  make  the  more 
noise,  Tyrconnel  is  preparing  to  go  down  to  you,  it 
being,  as  you  well  ol)serve,  of  the  last  consequence  to 
ma^ster  it."J 

At  and  previous  to  this  Parliament,  and  for  the 

*  Dub.  Lit.  Gazette,  p.  174. 
t  Excidium  AlacaruB,  p.  33. 
}  MSS.  T.C.D.,  E  2,  19. 


whole  time  while  he  was  in  Dublin,  King  James  held 
his  court  in  the  Castle,  and  thence  issued  his  procla- 
mations. At  that  memorable  Parliament  the  Earl  of 
Tyrconnel  sat  as  a  peer,  while  in  the  Commons  Mark 
Talbot  was  one  of  the  representatives  of  Belfast ;  John 
Talbot  (of  Belgard)  one  for  Newcastle  ;  James  Talbot 
of  Mount-TaJbot  one  for  Athenry  ;  William  Talbot 
for  the  County  of  Louth  ;  Sir  William  Talbot,  Baronet, 
one  for  the  County  of  Meath,  and  another  William 
Talbot  was  one  of  the  members  for  the  Borough  of 
Wexford.  This  last  was  of  the  Ballynamoney  (now 
Castle  Talbot)  line,  son  of  Walter  Talbot  who  had 
been  High  Sheriff  of  the  County  of  Wexford  in  1649.* 
He  was  killed  at  I)erry  in  King  James's  service.f 
One  of  his  sons,  Gabriel,  became  a  priest  and  superior 
of  a  college  at  Oporto  ;  and  another,  James,  entered 
the  Spanish  service.J 

Early  in  this  session  of  the  Parliament  of  Dublin, 
a  fortnight  before  which  (11th  April)  King  William 
was  crowned,  Sir  William  Talbot  came  up  with  a 
message  fix)m  the  Commons,  imparting  "  their  earnest 
wish,  that  the  Bill  repealing  the  Act  of  Settlement 
should  be  passed  by  the  Lords  with  all  the  expedition 
they  could,  because  the  heart  and  courage  of  the 
whole  nation  were  bound  up  in  it." 

Tyrconnel's  patent  for  a  Dukedom  bears  date  the 

•  MS.  in  Berm.  Tower. 

t  Graham's  Hist.  Deny,  pp.  185,  192.      See  some  curious 
particulars  connected  with  him,  in  Walker's  Derry,  p.  31. 
J  Burke's  Landed  Gentry. 

E  2 

52  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

11th  July  following,  and  in  August  the  Duke  of 
Schomberg  landed  at  Carrickfergus.  The  former  Duke 
was  one  of  those,  who  would  have  held  back  King  James 
from  a  hasty  resolution  of  marching  northwards  at  once, 
to  confront  his  enemy  ;  but  illness,  which  confined 
him  at  Chapelizod,  prevented  him  from  attending  his 
Majesty.  In  September,  however,  he  joined  his  King 
at  Drogheda,  declaring  he  would  have  20,000  men 
there  by  the  next  night,  a  promise  which  he  fulfilled, 
drawing  his  supplies  chiefly  from  Munster.  On  this 
occasion  it  was  that  he  thought  it  advisable  to  oppose 
those,  who  would  have  transferred  the  scene  of  war  to 
Connaught,  urging  that  "  there  was  not  com  enough 
in  that  Province  to  subsist  the  army  for  two  months.* 
On  the  memorable  "  July  the  First,"  when  King  James 
came  to  the  ground,  "  he  found  Tyrconnel  with  the 
right  wing  of  Horse  and  Dragoons  drawn  up  before 
Old  Bridge  ;f  and  on  that  day,  fatal  for  the  Stuart 
Dynasty,  his  and  Colonel  Parker's  Horse  suffered  most. 
The  former  maintained  the  assault  of  King  William's 
most  powerful  regiment,  the  Dutch  Blue  Guards,  at 
the  ford  of  Old  Bridge,  "  the  houses,  breastworks,  and 
hedges  around  which  they  lined."  "  Had  the  French 
been  posted  there,"  writes  Story,  (part  1,  p.  80)  "it 
would  be  more  to  our  enemy's  advantage,  but  the  reason 
of  this  was  that  the  Irish  Guard  would  not  lose  the 
post  of  honour."  Nor  did  they  yield  until  after  repeated 
charges,  "  driving  the  Dutch  Guards  and  Schomberg's 

♦  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  378.  t  Wem,  p.  396. 


Regiment  back  into  the  river,  with  a  loss  of  a  great 
part  of  their  oflScers."*  Of  Tyrconnel's  Regiment, 
Nugent  (Robert)  and  Casanone  (Peter)  were  wound- 
ed, Major  Meara  (Francis)  and  Sir  Charles  "  Take**  (?) 
killed.f  Yet  did  not  Tyrconnel  leave  the  field, 
until  the  King  in  his  retreat  had  passed  the  defile  of 
Duleek,  when,  joining  Lausun,  he  followed  the  Royal 


"  Tyrconnel,"  insinuates  O'Connor,  in  his  *  Military 
Memoirs^  (p.  109)  "was  brave  in  danger,  pusillani- 
mous in  disaster.  In  the  rout  of  the  Boyne,  he  viewed 
the  cause  of  James  as  hopeless,  that  of  William  as 
triumphant.  He  had  estates  and  dignities  to  preserve, 
and  only  in  accommodation  could  he  see  security 
for  them.  If  James  remained,  the  contest  would  be 
prolonged  beyond  the  hope  of  accommodation.  He 
therefore  sent  his  chaplain  to  him,  to  press  his  flight 
to  France,  and  to  work  on  his  fears  of  falling  into  the 
hands  of  William."  Colonel  O'Kelly  (Excid.  Mac.  p. 
57)  is  yet  more  openly  severe  against  Tyrconnel, 
accusing  him  of  "  domineering  and  disregard  of  the 
Irish  f — "  designing  not  to  oppose  King  William  f — 
and  that  he  actually  "  sent  his  wife,  with  all  his  own 
wealth  and  the  King's  treasure,  into  France."  When 
the  King  left  Dublin  a  fugitive,  he  avowedly  gave 
expectation  that  he  but  sought  France  to  obtain 
thence  such  aid  as  would  establish  his  power  in  Ireland, 

♦  O'Conor  s  Military  Mem.  p.  107. 
t  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  400. 
t  OTtellj's  Excid.  Mac,  p.  35. 


and  he  committed  tlie  conduct  of  his  cause  in  the 
meantime  to  Tyrconnel. 

In  forty  days  after  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  King 
William  appeared  before  Limerick ;  at  which  time 
Colonel  O'Kelly,  with  the  suspiciousness  that  too  fre- 
quently  is  the  sole  response  to  Irish  patriotism,  charges 
Tyrconnel  with  favouring  a  surrender  of  the  city  to, 
and  a  treaty  with,  tliat  King ;  an  object  which  he 
relies  would  have  been  accomplished,  but  for  the 
coming  in  of  Sarsfield,  and  the  enthusiam  the  pre- 
sence of  that  darling  of  the  army  excited.  Even  King 
William  was  shaken  by  the  results  of  his  popularity, 
abandoned  the  siege,  and  returned  to  England ;  where- 
upon Tyrconnel  repaired  to  France  to  urge  the 
promised  supplies.*  His  departure  from  Ireland  at 
such  a  crisis  was  undoubtedly  reprehensible,  and 
especially  injurious  to  himself  "  No  sooner  was  his 
back  turned,"  observe  the  Royal  Memoirs,!  "than  the 
discontented  part  of  the  Army  despatched  the  Bishop 
of  Cork,  Colonels  Simon  and  Henry  Luttrell,  and 
Colonel  Nicholas  Purcell  to  St.  Germains,  with  in- 
structions to  solicit  his  recall,  addressing  themselves  to 
his  Majesty  to  this  effect, — that  my  Lord  Tyrconnel 
was  not  qualified  for  such  a  superintendence  as  he  had 
hitherto  exercised  ;  that  his  age  and  infirmities  made 
him  require  more  sleep  than  was  consistent  with  much 
business  ;  that  his  want  of  experience  in  military 
affairs  rendered  him  exceeding  slow  in  his  resolves. 

♦  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  420. 
t  Idem,  vol.  2,  p.  422,  &c. 

tyrconnel's  morse.  55 

and  incapable  of  laying  projects  which  no  depending 

officer  would  do  for  him  ; they  relied  that,  should 

he  return  with  the  same  authority  again,  it  would 
dishearten  the  body  of  the  nation.  They  complained 
of  the  desponding  message  he  sent  to  the  King  after 
the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  which  occasioned  his  Majesty's 
leaving  the  Kingdom,  whereas,  had  he  but  stayed  a 
few  hours  longer  in  Dublin,  he  had  seen  such  a 
number  of  fine  troops  as  would  have  tempted  him  not 
to  abandon  them  ; concluding  with  several  per- 
sonal reflections,  particularly  against  the  Duke  of 
Tyrconnel,  and  indeed  against  all  that  had  any  tie  to 
his  interest." 

Notwithstanding  these  calumnious  representations, 
Tyrconnel,  in  January,  1690,  near  the  close  of  that 
year  (old  style),  returned  still  Viceroy  of  his  country, 
while  the  promised  supplies,  to  a  nation  disunited  and 
hopeless,  were  in  unconfiding  doubt  parsimoniously 
dispensed.  "  The  King  resolved  to  support  his  own 
authority  in  Lord  Tyrconnel,  and  hoped  to  send  back 
the  army-ambassadors  in  such  a  temper  as  would 
make  them  live  easily  with  him,  which  cost  the  King 
a  great  deal  of  trouble  and  pains,  and  was  lost  labour 
in  the  end.  But  it  was  the  King^s  hard  fate  not  only 
to  suflfer  by  his  rebellious  subjects,  but  to  be  ill-served 
by  his  allies,  and  tormented  by  divisions  amongst 
his  own  people  ;  as  if  his  enemies  gave  him  not  dis- 
quiet enough,  but  that  his  friends  must  also  come  in 
to  their  aid,  to  exercise  his  patience  and  aggravate  his 


sufferings  by  turns."*  The  French  offerings  to  the 
cause,  as  they  came  with  Tyrconnel,  consisted  of  a 
scanty  supply  of  provisions,  clothes,  anus,  and  am- 
munition (by  design,  as  Colonel  O'Kelly  would  insinu- 
ate). Story  sjx^aks  of  the  contributions  (part  2,  p. 
51-2)  as  "some  soldiers'  coats  and  caps,  but  such 
sorry  ones,  that  the  Irish  themselves  could  easily 
see  in  what  esteem  the  Monarch  of  France  held  them." 
TyrconneFs  first  act  of  administration,  on  his  return, 
was  to  order  the  Duke  of  Berwick,  whose  conduct 
had  much  disappointed  him,  out  of  Ireland.!  The 
privations  of  the  Irish  Army  the  while  increased,  so 
much  so  that  they  had  it  communicated  to  their  King 
"  over  the  water,"  that  in  case  the  expected  fleet  did 
not  come  promptly  from  France,  there  would  need  no 
enemy  to  destroy  them.  The  Duke  of  Tyrconnel  had, 
however,  been  making  all  the  preparations  he  could  in 
the  interim,  and  had  distributed  the  small  resources  he 
possessed,  as  long  as  they  lasted,  with  as  much  impar- 
tiality as  possible  ;  at  last,  upon  the  8th  of  May,  1691, 
the  French  fleet  appeared  in  the  Shannon,  and  in 
it  was  "  St.  Ruth,  with  other  French  oflScers,  as  also 
those  gentlemen  who  had  been  in  France  to  solicit  the 
Duke's  removal ;  which,  though  the  King  had  not 
yielded  to,  he  however  had  so  far  given  way  to  their 
advice,  as  to  abridge  his  power  in  reference  to  the 
military  affairs,  the  direction  of  which  was  vested  so 
wholly  in  St.  Ruth,  that  Tyrconnel,  who  before  could 

♦  Clarke  8  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  422. 
t  Idem,  vol.  2,  p.  435. 


have  made  a  LieutenantrGenenl,  Ind  not  mm  power 
to  make  a  CoIoneL  [thus  accountiiig  for  scoie  erf*  the 
changes  which  were  subseqnentlj  made  in  die  Armr 
List  J.     This  so  lowered  his  credit  in  die  amiT.  that 
little  regard  was  had  to  his  anthmtr  ;  but  he  pru- 
dently submitted,  and  left  the  whde  management  of 
it  to  St.  Ruth,  ^  who  seemin^j  carried  fSur,  hot  in  the 
bottom  was  prepossessed  against  him.*^     TrrconneL 
when  he  found  that  the  French  commander  brrjogfat 
no  money,  earnestly  ap[died  to  King  James  to  procure 
for  the  Irish  government  eren  a  thousand  pistoles, 
and  retrenched  even  the  necessary  expenoes  erf  hb 
own  family  and  establishment ;  but  the  request  could 
not  be  granted.     The  deserted  Irish  were  left  utteriy 
to  their  own  resources  and  exerdons,  and  this  at  a 
crisis  when  individual  views  were  so  differing  and 
distracted.     ^^  The  King,"  plead  the  Royal  MemfAn, 
^^  was  forced  to  work  with  such  tools  as  he  had,  or 
such  as  were  put  into  his  hands  by  others,  which 
required  as  much  dexterity  to  hinder  their  hurting 
one  another,  and  by  consequence  himseH^  as  Ui  draw 
any  use  fix)m  such  ill-suited  and  jarring  instruments/ 
In  the  last  stmg^e  for  the  defence   r/  Lime- 
rick, Tyrconnel  evinced -his  honour  and  allegiance, 
^^  Though  bent  with  age,  and  wei^ied  down  with  cor- 
pulency, he  assumed    no   inconsiderable  degnse  of 
activity  in  repairing  the  fortifications  of  that  t/iwn, 
establishing  magazines,  and  enforcing  discipline  ;  and 
made  the  officers  and   soldiers   (first  showing  thr^ 

♦  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  450. 


example  himself)  take  an  oath  of  fidelity  to  James, 
embracing  a  resolution  to  defend  his  Majesty's  rights 
to  the  last,  and  never  to  surrender  without  his  con- 
sent. He  at  the  same  time  despatched  an  express  to 
St.  Germains,  [such  communications  were  then  of 
difficult  transmission],  begging  speedy  succour  or 
leave  to  make  terms.  He  was  powerfully  aided  by 
Sarsfield  [to  whom  he  had  brought  a  patent  creating 
him  Earl  of  Lucan],  whose  intentions  (says  O'Conor) 
were  always  right  and  zealous  for  the  king's  service  ; 
but  their  effi)rts  were  unhappily  counteracted  by 
treachery  and  discord,  on  which  the  English  general 
relied  more  than  on  the  number  and  valour  of  his 
own  troops.''* 

While  this  veteran  patriot  was  "  struggling  with 
the  calamitous  circumstances  of  his  country,  he  was 
seized  with  a  fit  of  apoplexy  on  St.  Laurence's  day, 
soon  after  he  had  done  his  devotion  ;  and,  though  he 
came  to  his  senses  and  speech  again,  yet  he  only  Ian- 
guished  two  or  three  days,  and  then  died,  just  when 
he  was  on  the  point  of  effecting  a  unity  at  least 
amongst  themselves,  the  want  of  which  was  the 
greatest  evil  they  laboured  under.'f  He  died  in  the 
middle  of  August,  about  a  month  before  De  Ginkell 
commenced  the  siege,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Mun- 
chins  Cathedral  within  the  city.  There  is  not  a 
stone  to  tell  where  he  lies.  Harris  says,  in  his  Life 
of  King  William,  that  this  great  Irishman  died  "  some 

♦  O'Conor  8  Military  Memoirs,  &c.  p.  162-3. 
t  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  462. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  59 

say  of  poison,  administered  to  him  in  a  cup  of  ratafia, 
because  he  would  not  comply  with  the  prevailing  fac- 
tion then  in  the  town ;  while  others  attributed  his 
death  to  fever,  and  some  to  grief  for  the  ruin  of  his 
measures."  "  He  was  a  man,"  writes  Colonel  (yKelly, 
"of  stately  presence,  bold  and  resolute,  of  greater 
courage  than  conduct,  naturally  proud  and  passion- 
ate, of  moderate  parts  but  of  unbounded  ambition. 
In  his  private  friendships  he  was  observed  to  be 
inconstant  (and  some  did  not  shame  to  accuse  him  of 
it),  even  to  them  by  whose  assistance  he  gained  his 
point,  when  he  once  obtained  his  own  ends."  He 
"  headed  the  peace  party,"  says  O'Conor,  "  supported 
by  the  Hamiltons,  Talbots,  Nugents,  Burkes,  Rices, 
Butlers,  Sheldons,  all  of  English  descent,  who  pre- 
ferred William  as  king  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland 
to  James  as  king  of  Ireland  only ;  and,  in  despair 
of  reinstating  the  latter  in  his  ancestral  throne, 
sought  to  preserve  their  own  possessions  by  accommo- 
dation."* Again  says  O'Conor,  "  the  English  praised 
Tyrconnel  as  a  lover  of  peace,  yet  confiscated  all  his 
estates  ;  which,  if  he  had  lived  a  month  longer,  would 
have  been  preserved  by  the  Treaty  of  Limerick,  "f 

Sir  Bernard  Burke  in  his  Extinct  Peerage  (page 
698)  expressively  writes  in  relation  to  Tyrconnel ; 
"Of  him  much  ill  has  been  written,  and  more 
believed  ;  but  his  history,  like  that  of  his  unfortunate 
country,  has  been  written  by  the  pen  of  party, 
steeped  in  gall,  and  copied  servilely  from  the  pages 

*  O'Conor's  Military  Memoirs,  p.  114.         t  Idem,  p.  167. 

60  KING  James's  irisii  army  list. 

of  prejudice  by  the  lame  historian*  of  modem  times, 
more  anxious  for  authority  than  authenticity.  Two 
qualities  he  possessed  in  an  eminent  degree,  wit  and 
valour ;  and,  if  to  gifts  so  brilliant  and  so  Irish  he  joined 
devotion  to  his  country  and  fidelity  to  the  unfortunate 
and  fated  family,  with  whose  exile  he  began  life 
and  on  whose  ruin  he  finished  it,  it  cannot  be  denied 
that  in  his  character  the  elements  of  evil  were  mixed 
with  great  and  striking  good.  Under  happier  cir- 
cumstances  the  good  might  have  predominated,  and 
he,  whose  deeds  are  held  by  his  own  family  in  such 
high  estimate,  might  have  shed  a  wider  lustre  on  his 
race."  All  these  views  of  Tyrconnel's  character  may 
be  closed  with  the  emphatic  words  which  Mason,  in 
his  excellent  History  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral, 
breathes  over  his  grave,  "  Whatever  were  his  faults, 
he  had  the  rare  merit  of  sincere  attachment  to  an 
unfortunate  master." 

He  died  without  issue  male,  when  William  Talbot 
of  Haggardstown,  his  nephew,  to  whom  the  earldom 
was  limited  in  remainder  by  the  creation  patent  of 
1685,  assumed  that  title  ;  but,  having  been  attainted 
by  the  description  of  William  Talbot  of  Dundalk,  he, 
too,  pined  in  poverty  at  St.  Germains.  His  son 
attained  the  rank  of  a  Lieutenant-General  in  the 
armies  of  France,  but  died  without  issue,  and  in  him 
the  earldom  in  this  name  became  extinct.*     Tyrcon- 

*  It  was  afterwards  revived  in  the  Herefordshire  family  of 
Carpenter,  by  a  creation  of  1761 ;  while  Sir  John  Brown  low, 
Baron  of  Charleville,  was  previously  (1718)  created  Viscount 

tyrconnel's  horse.  61 

nel  himself  left  issue  two  daughters,  who  married 
foreign  noblemen.  He  had  also  two  sisters,  Frances, 
married  first  to  James  Cusack  of  Cushinstown,  bar- 
rister, by  whom  she  had  three  sons ;  Captain  Thomas 
Cusack,  killed  in  France ;  Captain  William,  killed  in 
Portugal ;  and  Nicholas  Cusack,  the  captain  in  this 
his  uncle's  regiment ;  with  one  daughter,  Helen  Cu- 
sack, married  to  Robert  Arthur  of  Hacketstown, 
County  of  Dublin,  Lieutenant  of  Horse.  On  the 
death  of  Cusack,  this  lady  married  to  her  second  hus- 
band the  Honorable  Thomas  Newcomen,  Privy  Coun- 
cillor,  Brigadier  of  his  Majesty's  forces,  and  Colonel 
of  a  Foot  Regiment  in  Ireland,  and  by  him  she  had 
also  issue  five  daughters  :  1st,  Katherine,  married  to 
Simon  Luttrell,  Lieutenant-colonel  of  the  Regiment 
of  Foot  commanded  by  Sir  Thomas  Newcomen  ;  2nd, 
Alice,  married  to  Major  William  Nugent,  son  of  the 
Earl  of  Westmeath  ;  3rd,  Frances,  married  to  Sir  Ro- 
bert Gore,  Bjiight,  Captain  of  a  Foot  Company,  eldest 
son  of  Sir  Francis  Gore,  Knight ;  4th,  Margaret,  the 
wife  of  Sir  Maurice  Eustace  of  Castlemartin,  Baronet, 
Captain  in  the  Infantry  ;  and  5th,  Mary,  the  wife  of 
Charles  White  of  Leixlip,  one  of  the  Privy  Council. 
Frances,  Lady  Newcomen,  died  17th  February,  1687, 
and  was  buried  at  Clonsillagh,  near  Luttrellstown. 
[Funeral  Entries  in  Berm.  TurJ]  Tyrconnel's  second 
sister,  Lucinda,  married  Edward  Cusack  of  Lismullen, 
by  whom  she  had  a  son,  Patrick  Cusack,  a  Dominican 
friar,  who  became  Bishop  of  Meath,  and  was  King 
James's  High  Almoner  and  Grand  Chaplain,  while  he 
remained  in  this  country. 


It  may  here  be  noticed  that,  on  the  14th  of 
December,  1691,  Greorge  Talbot,  described  as  of  the 
City  of  Dublin,  who  had  been  previously  outlawed, 
obtained  a  warrant  for  a  nolle  prosequi  on  his  indict- 
ment, grounded  on  his  petition,  which  stated  him  an 
Englishman  and  a  Protestant ;  that  he  was  in  1681 
made  Captain  of  a  Company  of  Foot  in  Ireland  by 
the  Duke  of  Ormonde,  and  so  continued  until  the 
2nd  July,  1690,  when  he  was  the  first  who,  after  the 
battle  of  the  Boyne,  surrendered  himself  in  Dublin, 
and  gave  up  at  the  Castle  there,  his  own  and  other 
fire-arms  ;  that  he  had  given  protection  to  Protes- 
tants during  the  reign  of  James  ;  that,  since  his  sur- 
render, he  had  behaved  himself  peaceably  and  loyally, 
and  had  taken  the  oath  of  fidelity  before  the  Com- 
missioners ;  the  truth  of  all  which  allegations  the 
Attorney-General  certified.  About  the  same  time, 
Richard  Talbot  of  Malahide  memorialed  for  a  pardon 
and  restitution  of  his  estates,  he  having  been  also 
outlawed.  His  petition  alleged  that,  while  he  admit- 
ted he  had  held  the  office  of  Auditor-General  to  King 
James,  he  had  filled  no  other  office  or  trust,  civil  or 
military,  in  his  time;  and  relied  that  when  King 
William,  after  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  was  advan- 
cing on  Dublin,  he  had  surrendered  himself  in  the 
camp  at  Finglas,  on  the  9th  July,  1690,  and  had 
ever  since  behaved  himself  "  civilly  and  inoffensively 
towards  that  monarch's  government ;"  the  truth  and 
sufficiency  of  which  purgation  the  Solicitor-General 
also  certified,  and  the  prayer  was  granted. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  63 

The  widow  of  Tyrconnel  and  her  daughters  lived  for 
some  time  in  the  Court  at  St.  Germains,  with  the  Ex- 
King,  supported  by  a  small  pension  which  Louis  XIV. 
allowed  them  ;  but  having  established  her  right  to  a 
portion  of  jointure  in  1703,  as  hereafter  noticed, 
and  her  daughters  being  married  on  the  Continent, 
she  resolved  on  going  over  to  Ireland.  The  state  of 
her  health,  however,  induced  her  first  to  try  the  eflB- 
cacy  of  the  baths  at  Aix-larChapelle,  and  in  Murray's 
Despatches  of  the  Duke  of  Marlborough^  is  preserved 
one  of  his  Grace,  from  the  Camp  at  Tirlemont,  to  the 
authorities  of  that  town,  written  with  the  object  of 
procuring  attention  and  welcome  for  the  Duchess, 
then  journeying  thither.  He  also  wrote  to  herself, 
5th  September,  1705  : — 

"  The  first  notice  I  received  of  your  intention  to 
go  to  Aix,  I  immediately  despatched  a  trumpet  to  the 
French  army,  who  brought  me  this  morning  the  en- 
closed pass.  I  have  likewise  ordered  eight  dragoons  to 
attend  on  you  on  your  coming  to  the  Bosch.  These 
will  wait  on  you  to  Maestricht,  where  the  Governor 
will  give  you  another  escort  on  to  Aix.  I  heartily 
wish  you  a  good  journey,  and  all  the  success  you  can 
desire  with  the  waters.  If  I  should  not  be  able  to 
have  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  you  at  the  waters,  I  hope 
to  have  that  of  meeting  you  in  Holland,  before  I  em- 
bark ;  being  with  much  truth. 

Tour  Grace's  most  obedient  humble  servant, 



In  1708,  she  was  in  Brussels,  and  only  then,  it 
would  seem,  on  the  eve  of  departure.  On  the  24th  of 
May  in  that  year,  Marlborough  wrote  to  his  own 
Duchess  : — "  When  I  took  leave  of  Lady  Tyrconnel, 
she  told  me  that  her  jointure  in  Ireland  was  in  such 
disorder,  that  there  was  an  absolute  necessity  for  her 
going  thither  for  two  or  three  months,  for  the  better 
settling  of  it.  As  the  climate  of  Ireland  will  not  per- 
mit her  being  there  in  the  winter,  she  should  begin 
her  journey  about  ten  days  hence  ;  she  said  that  she 
did  not  intend  to  go  to  London,  but  hoped  she  might 
have  the  pleasure  of  seeing  you  at  St.  Alban's.  I 
have  offered  her  all  that  might  be  in  my  power  to  make 
her  journey  to  Holland  and  England  easy,  as  also 
that  if  she  cared  to  stay  at  St.  Alban's,  either  at  her 
going  or  return,  you  woidd  offer  it  her  with  a  good 
heart.  You  will  find  her  face  a  good  deal  changed, 
but,  in  the  discourse  I  have  had  with  her,  she  seems  to 
be  very  reasonable  and  kind.*^  On  her  return  to 
Dublin,  she  fixed  her  residence  at  Arbour  Hill,  a 
healthy  and  picturesque  situation  near  the  Phoenix 
Park  ;  and  there,  after  founding  a  Nunnery  for  poor 
Clares  in  the  adjacent  locality  of  King-street,  this 
lady,  who  once  adorned  Courts  and  passed  through 
the  libertine  manners  of  Charles  the  Second's  days  un- 
blemished,  closed  her  life  in  March,  1730-1,  at  the 
advanced  age  of  92.  "  Her  death,"  says  Walpole, 
"  was  occasioned  by  her  falling  out  of  bed  on  the  floor 

*  Jesse's  Memoirs  of  the  Court  of  England,  vol.  4,  p.  156. 

tyrcoxnel's  horse.  65 

in  a  winter's  night,  and  being  too  feeble  to  rise  or  to 
call,  she  was  found  in  the  morning  so  perished  with 
cold,  that  she  died  in  a  few  hours."  She  is  described 
as  then  appearing  low  in  stature,  and  extremely  ema- 
ciated ;  without  the  slightest  trace  of  ever  having 
been  a  beauty.  She  was  buried,  with  her  daughters 
by  George  Count  Hamilton,  the  '  three  Viscountesses' 
before  mentioned,  ante  page  45,  in  a  vault  of  St. 
Patrick's  Cathedral ;  while  a  mural  slab,  in  St. 
Andrew's  Scotch  College  at  Paris,  is  her  commemora- 
tion in  a  land  where  she  had  passed  many  of  her  days 
of  joy  and  sorrow.  It  records  her  as  having  been  a 
great  benefactress  to  that  establishment,  and  as 
having  provided  an  endowment  for  the  celebration  of 
a  daily  mass  for  ever  there,  for  the  repose  of  her  soul, 
and  those  of  her  two  husbands. 

The  Talbots  outlawed  in  1691  were  Richard  Earl  of 
Tyrconnel,  so  attainted  by  seven  inquisitions,  and 
by  one  other  as  Richard,  son  of  William  Talbot, 
called  Lord  Tyrconnel ;  Richard  Talbot  of  Boolis, 
County  Meath  ;  Richard  Talbot  of  Malahide,  County 
Dublin  ;  John  Talbot  of  Dardistown,  County  Meath, 
John  Talbot  of  Belgard,  County  Dublin  ;  John, 
Patrick,  and  Anthony  Talbot  of  Wexford ;  Wil- 
liam Talbot  of  Kilcarty,  County  Meath,  Baronet ; 
other  William  Talbots  described  as  of  Wexford,  of 
Wicklow,  of  Fassaroe,  County  Wicklow,  of  Haggards- 
town  and  of  Dundalk,  County  Louth,  and  of  Straffan, 
County  Kildare.  James  Talbot  of  Templeogue, 
County   Dublin  ;    James   Talbot    of  Mount   Talbot, 

66  KING  James's  ibish  army  list. 

County  Roscommon;  Brine,  or  Bruno  Talbot  of 
Dublin,  (who  was  James's  Chancellor  of  the  Exche- 
quer,* but  he  early  made  his  submission  to  King  Wil- 
liam). Francis  Talbot  of  Powerscourt,  County 
Wicklow  ;  Marcus  Talbot  of  Dublin  and  of  the 
County  Derry.  (This  last  was,  as  before  mentioned, 
Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  Earl  of  Antrim's  Infentry, 
member  of  Parliament  for  Belfast  in  1689,  and  sig- 
nalised himself  by  a  gallant  sally  on  the  occasion  of  the 
first  siege  of  Limerick,  but  was  taken  prisoner  at  Augh- 
rim).  Chariotte  Talbot,  a  daughter  of  Tyrconnel,  was 
also  attainted,  as  was  Frances  his  widow.  The  latter, 
however,  preferred  her  suit,  at  the  Court  of  Chichester 
House,  Dublin,  in  1700,  for  her  jointure  oflf  the  lands 
of  Cabragh,  County  Dublin,  forfeited  by  her  late 
husband,  and  the  claim  was  allowed.  Lucy  Talbot 
sought  and  was  allowed,  as  Administratrix  of  William 
Talbot,  the  benefit  of  a  leasehold  of  County  Roscom- 
mon lands. — Jane  Talbot  claimed  and  was  allowed  an 
annuity,  left  by  the  will  of  Colonel  Gilbert  Talbot  in 
1674,  and  charged  on  houses  in  Limerick  forfeited 
by  Sir  William  Talbot. — Mary  Talbot,  a  minor, 
sought,  by  her  guardian,  James  Donnellan,  and  was 
allowed,  a  large  charge  on  houses  in  Dublin,  forfeited 
by  James  Talbot. — Helen  and  Margaret  Talbot^ 
daughters  of  George  Talbot,  deceased,  also  minors,  by 
Patrick  Talbot,  their  guardian,  claimed  the  reversion 
of  an  estate  tail  in  County  of  Roscommon  lands,  for- 

•  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  1,  p.  65. 

tybconnel's  horse.  67 

feited  by  Greorge  Talbot,  such  reversion  accruing, 
if  their  brother  James  Talbot  should  die  without  issue ; 
and  their  claim  was  allowed,  subject  to  that  contin- 
gency ;  while  said  James  himself  claimed  and  was  al- 
lowed that  estate  tail,  and  Sarah  Talbot  was  allowed 
a  jointure  off  said  lands. — Lastly,  Henry  Talbot,  a 
minor,  by  George  Holmes,  his  guardian,  claimed  a 
remainder  in  Templeogue,  and  other  lands  in  the 
Counties  of  Dublin  and  Kildare,  forfeited  by  James 
Talbot ;  but  his  claim  was  dismist.* 

In  the  cause  of  Prince  Charles-Edward  and  his  in- 
vasion of  1745,  a  Captain  James  Talbot  and  Major 
Talbot  were  engaged  at  Prestonpans,  and  Brigadier 
General  'de  Tyrconnel'  was  taken  prisoner  by  the 
English  at  sea  in  1746.t 


The  Sheldons  are  an  existing  family  of  respecta- 
bility at  Brailes-House  in  the  County  of  Warwick, 
having  been  theretofore  established  at  Beoly  in  that 
of  Worcester.  Ralph  Sheldon  of  Beoly  accompanied 
Charles  the  Second  in  his  flight  to  Boscobel,  aiding 
his  concealment  in  the  Oak,  to  the  foot  of  which  he 
and  three  others  attended  their  Royal  master  ;X  ^^^  ^^ 

*  Registries  of  Claims  in  Custom  House  Records. 

t  Gent.  Mag.,  ▼.  14,  p.  416 ;  and  v.  16,  pp.  29,  145,  208 

t  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  f.  1226. 

F    2 


this  line,  it  would  seem  most  probable,  was  Lieutenant 
Colonel  Dominick.  It  is  true  that  a  Lieutenant  Wil- 
liam  Sheldon  passed  patent  in  1666  as  a  '  soldier '  for 
858  acres  plantation  measure  in  the  County  Tipper- 
ary,  but  it  cannot  be  presumed  that  an  immediate  re- 
lative of  his  would  be  an  adherent  of  James.  The  sur- 
name was  even  previously  known  in  Ireland  in  the 
County  Limerick,  where  a  Miss  Sheldon  of  that  place 
intermarried  in  the  seventeenth  century  with  Mr. 
Leonard  Drew,  of  a  Devonshire  family,  a  branch  of 
which  is  yet  represented  in  Youghal.* 

The  Peerage  Books  afford  strong  confirmation  of 
this  oflScer  having  been  of  the  Brailes-House  line, 
when  they  record  that  Arthur  Dillon  of  the  noble  line 
of  Costello  at  the  close  of  the  seventeenth  century 
married  Christiana,  the  daughter  of  Ralph  Sheldon^ 
whom  Lodge  describes  as  '  niece  of  the  Colonel,'  while 
O'Callaghan  {Brigades^  p.  100)  says  she  was  maid  of 
Honor  to  the  Queen  of  James  the  Second.  Inquiries 
on  the  lineage  have  been  directed  to  Brailes-House, 
Viscount  Dillon,  and  others,  in  vain.  It  does,  however, 
seem  almost  certain  that  the  Colonel  was  brother  to 
the  Ralph  Sheldon,  whom  Sir  Bernard  Burke  in  his 
'Landed  Gentry,'  (f.  1226)  describes  as  "of  Steeple 
Barton,  afterwards  of  Weston  and  Beoly,"  and  as 
having  "  died  in  1720."  In  Clarke's  Life  of  James 
II.  (vol.  ii.  p.  252)  this  Ralph  Sheldon  is  said  to 
have  aided  that  monarch's  escape  from  Whitehall  to 

•  Burke  s  Landed  Gentry,  f.  106. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  69 

This  Dominick  Sheldon,  who  had  been  a  Captain  to 
the  Duke  of  Ormonde,  (see  post^  at  '  Col.  Francis  Car- 
rol,') is  on  the  establishment  of  1687-8*  set  down  for 
a  pension  of  £200  per  annum.  Colonel  O'Kelly  repre- 
sents him  as  having  been  "  an  Englishman  by  birth, 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  religion,  brought  into  Ireland 
on  the  accession  of  James  the  Second,  by  Tyrconnel, 
and  by  him  made  Captain  of  a  company  of  men  at 
arms.  He  afterwards  promoted  him  to  be  his  Lieu- 
tenant, with  the  command  of  his  Regiment  in  his 
absence  ;  and,  by  his  uncontrollable  power  with  James, 
he  (Tyrconnel)  procured  for  this  favourite  a  commis- 
sion to  be  one  of  the  General  Officers,  though  still  a 
Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  got  his  commission  dated 
before  that  of  Sarsfield,  whom  he  designed  to  sup- 
press."f  Early  in  this  campaign,  "  the  Irish  army, 
under  Major  Greneral  Richard  Hamilton  and  '  Major ' 
Dominick  Sheldon,  having  taken  the  fort  of  Hillsbo- 
rough and  plundered  Lisbum,  Belfast  and  Antrim,  laid 
siege  to  Coleraine  ;  but  there  they  met  with  such  a 
warm  reception  from  Major  Gustavus  Hamilton,  who 
commanded  in  the  town,  and  spared  no  charge  or 
pains  to  make  it  tenable,  that  they  were  forced  to 

♦  In  the  MSS.  of  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  is  (E  1.  1)  the  **  List 
of  Payments  made  for  civil  and  military  affairs,  with  pensions  in 
Ireland  for  one  year,  beginning  1st  January,  1687."  It  appears 
to  be  the  original  book,  a  vellum  manuscript,  signed  by  the 
Council  in  England.  It  is  dated  Srd  February,  1687-8,  at 

t  O'Callaghan's  Macarice  Excidium,  pp.  150-1. 


draw  off  with  considerable  loss,  whereby  their  designs 
against  Derry  were  retarded. ***  When  afterwards  his 
King  retired  from  investing  the  latter  place,  '  Major  * 
Dominick  Sheldon  was  one  of  the  officers  whom  he 
left  before  it  to  continue  the  siege.  He  afterwards 
commanded  the  Cavalry  at  the  Boyne,  and  had  two 
horses  shot  under  him.f  "  A  gallant  charge  under 
General  Sheldon  at  Sheep-house  might  have  given  a 
different  termination  to  the  fight  at  the  Boyne,  but 
for  the  prompt  heroism  of  Levison's  and  Sir  Albert 
Conyngham's  Dragoons,  who,  getting  in  the  rere  of 
their  antagonists,  jumped  from  their  saddles,  lined  the 
hedges  on  both  sides  of  the  road,  and,  on  the  return 
of  the  enemy  from  their  successful  charge,  fired  on 
them  with  deadly  effect,  while  Ginkle  taking  them  in 
the  rear  completed  their  discomfiture.  "J  When,  on 
the  30th  of  August,  1690,  King  William  abandoned 
his  siege  of  Limerick,  Sarsfield  recommended  that  he 
should  be  closely  and  vigorously  pursued,  and  offered 
to  conduct  the  pursuit  in  person  ;  but,  according  to 
Colonel  O'Kelly,  Tyrconnel  gave  private  orders  to 
Sheldon,  his  Lieutenant-Colonel,  to  march  the  greater 
part  of  the  Horse  into  Connaught.  He  was  however 
ordered  back  by  d'Usson  and  De  Tesse,  when  he 
promptly  obeyed  ;  but,  after  continuing  in  Limerick 
three  days,  he  and  his  force  were  again  commanded  to 
march  into  the  country,  as  for  convenience  of  forage  ; 

*  Lodge's  Peerage,  v.  5,  p.  175. 
t  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  400. 
t  Fitzgerald's  Limerick,  v.  2,  p.  326. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  71 

whereas,  says  Colonel  O'Kellj,  "they  had  sufficient 
quantity  of  oats  within  Limerick  to  feed  all  their 
horses  for  two  months  to  come,  and  the  enemy  could 
not  keep  the  field  for  half  that  time." 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Sheldon,  with  Colonels  Max- 
well and  John  Hamilton,  constituted  the  Directory 
which  Tyrconnel,  when  going  over  to  France  to  urge 
the  supplies,  deputed  to  advise  the  Duke  of  Berwick 
in  the  charge  of  government  cast  upon  him.  At  the 
last  siege  of  Limerick,  in  September,  1691,  "  when  by 
Clifford's  neglect  the  enemy  was  permitted  to  make  a 
bridge  of  boats  here  near  Annaghbeg,  and  thus  passed 
over  their  Horse  and  Dragoons  between  the  Irish 
Horse  and  the  town.  Colonel  Sheldon  could  only, 
by  advancing  the  picket,  stop  the  enemy  at  a  pass, 
till  himself  would  be  able  to  gain  the  mountains  with 
his  horse  and  foot,  and  so  make  their  way  to  Six-mile- 
bridge,  a  mancEuvre  which  was  with  great  difficulty 
performed  at  last ;  but  not  being  able  to  subsist  there, 
they  were  ordered  back  towards  Clare,  upon  which 
the  enemy  passed  a  great  body  of  horse  and  dragoons 
over  their  new  bridge,  and  came  before  Limerick  at 
Thomond  Gate.''*  Colonel  O'Kelly,  with  his  usual 
inclination  to  find  fault  with  any  of  Tyrconnel's 
party,  unjustifiably  upbraids  Sheldon  for  the  "want  of 
courage  or  conduct"  which  this  retreat,  according  to 
him,  evinced.  Pending  the  treaty  for  surrendering 
the  town,  Colonel  Sheldon  dined  at  the  English  camp, 

•  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  463-4. 

72  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

and,  after  the  capitulation,  Sarsfield  entrusted  to  him 
the  care  of  embarking  the  Irish  refugees,  "  whose  de- 
parture marks  one  of  the  most  mournful  epochs  in 
our  sad  history."*  Upon  his  landing  them  in  France, 
King  James  wrote  him  a  letter  of  acknowledgment 
from  St.  Germains,  adding  how  well  satisfied  he  was 
"  with  the  behaviour  and  conduct  of  the  oflScers,  and 
the  valour  and  fidelity  of  the  soldiers  ;  and  how  sensi- 
ble he  should  ever  be  of  their  services,  which  he 
would  not  fail  to  reward  when  it  should  please  God  to 
put  him  in  a  capacity  of  doing  so.*^    Edward  Sheldon 

and   Sheldon,    Esqrs.    were   subsequently  of  the 

Board  of  Green  Cloth  at  the  Court  of  St.  Germains.  J 
It  is  somewhat  contradictory  in  Colonel  O'Kelly's 
estimate  of  Sheldon  that,  while  he  censures  as  above 
that  officer's  retreat  from  before  Limerick,  as  discou- 
raging his  party  from  defending  the  City,§  he  yet  insi- 
nuates, immediately  previous  to  the  sarcasm,  that 
"  Sheldon  and  Lord  Galmoy,  true  Tyrconnelists, 
wrote  (it  is  believed)  more  comfortably  into  France 
than  was  suggested  by  Tyrconnel,  and  that  they  en- 
gaged to  hold  out  to  the  last  extremity  in  hope  of  a 
powerful  relief  from  thence,  of  men,  money,  and  all 
other  necessaries  to  prosecute  the  war,  which  (he  adds) 
if  timely   sent  had   certainly   preserved   Ireland."^ 

*  O'Conor  8  Military  Memoirs,  p.  192. 

t  See  thia  letter  in  full  in  O'Callaghan^s  Brigades,  v.  1,  p.  63. 

J  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  411. 

§  Excidium  Macarice,  p.  149. 

f  Idem,  p.  147. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  73 

This  Lieutenant-Colonel  was  outlawed  in  1691  on  two 
inquisitions,  being  in  one  styled  of  Dublin,  in  the 
other  of  Pennybum-mill,  County  Derry.  In  France, 
whither  he  passed  over,  he  ranked  Colonel  of  a 
Brigade  Regiment  of  Horse,  styled  par  excellence 
'the  King's  Regiment;'  of  which  Edmond  Prendergast 
was  appointed  Lieutenant-Colonel,  (having  theretofore 
held  that  rank  in  Colonel  Hugh  Sutherland's  Horse), 
and  Edmond  Butler,  his  Cornet  in  Tyrconnel's,  was 
appointed  Major  in  the  Brigade.  In  1702,  Sheldon 
so  distinguished  himself  against  the  Baron  de  Mercy, 
that  he  was  raised  from  the  rank  of  Colonel  to  be  a 
Lieutenant-General,  and  all  the  supernumerary  offi- 
cers of  his  Regiment  were  put  upon  full  pay.  At  the 
conflicts  of  the  Mincio  and  Po  in  1702  against  Prince 
Eugene,  "great  glory  was  acquired  by  Sheldon's 
Horse,  to  which  a  number  of  reduced  officers  were 
attached  as  volunteers.  These  gallant  gentlemen, 
exiled  from  their  native  land,  reduced  to  French 
half-pay  scarce  sufficient  for  subsistence,  preferred  the 
activity  of  a  camp  to  the  indolence  and  obscurity  of 

a  French  provincial  town King  Louis,  to  mark 

his  satisfaction  at  the  distinguished  manner  in  which 
they  had  acted,  raised  their  pay  to  an  equality  with 
that  of  officers  of  Infantry  of  the  same  rank."*  "  In 
1703,  when  the  Imperialists  under  Visconti  were 
posted  on  the  Christallo,  whose  precipitous  banks  that 
General  thought  secured  him  against  surprise  or  at- 

*  O'Conor  s  Military  Memoirs,  pp.  240-1. 

74  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

tack,  Vendome  the  French  commander,  his  opponent, 
selected  the  best  of  his  Regiments  of  cavalry,  and 
amongst  these  Sheldon's  Horse,  to  surround  and 
attack  Visconti.  The  Imperialists,  taken  by  surprise 
while  their  horses  were  at  grass,  were  overwhelmed 
and  driven  into  the  Sassoni,  a  •  river  in  their  rere, 
where  most  of  those  who  were  not  cut  down  were 
drowned.  Sheldon's  Horse  had  a  principal  share  in 
this  brilliant  affair,  in  which  their  commander  was 
himself  wounded.'^  In  1703  his  brigade  was  not  less 
distinguished  in  the  Army  of  the  Rhine,  and  at  the 
battle  of  Spire,  where  he  was  again  wounded.  The 
name  of  his  Regiment  was  afterwards  changed  to 
*Nugent's,' again  in  1733  to  Fitz-Jaijies's,  and  was  dis- 
banded  in  1763. 


The  O'Mearas  were  a  distinguished  territorial  sept 
in  the  Barony  of  Upper  Ormond,  County  Tipperary, 
and  the  name  of  their  principal  residence,  Tuaim-ui- 
Meara,  is  still  retained  in  that  of  Toomavara,  within 
that  district,  yet  the  only  individuals  of  the  name, 
who  appear  in  the  outlawries  of  1642,  are  Dermot 
Meara,  described  as  "  of  Dublin,"  and  Catherine  his 

In  the  commencement  of  the  seventeenth  century 

O'Conor's  Military  Memoirs,  p.  256. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  75 

flourished  Dermod  O'Meara,  a  physician  and  a  poet, 
who,  Ware  says  in  his  "Writers,"  was  educated  at 
Oxford.  He  wrote  a  history  of  the  House  of  Ormond 
in  verse,  as  also  some  prose  medical  treatises.  His 
son,  Edmund  O'Meara,  also  a  Doctor  of  Oxford  and  a 
member  of  the  College  of  Physicians  of  London,  resided 
for  some  time  at  Bristol,  and  died  in  1680,  leaving 
three  sons,  William,  a  physician  also ;  the  above  Major 
Francis,  his  second  son ;  and  the  third,  a  Jesuit.* 
This  Francis  was  one  of  the  burgesses  in  King 
James's  Charter  of  1687  to  Wicklow,  and  was  sheriff 
of  that  county  in  the  following  year.  He  was  killed 
at  the  battle  of  the  Boyncf  A  funeral  entry  in 
Bermingham  Tower,  Office  of  Arms,  records  the  death 
of  Teigue  O'Meara  of  Lishenuske,  County  Tipperary, 
(son  and  heir  of  William  O'Meara  of  do.,  son  and  heir 
of  Donnell  O'Meara  of  do.),  who  had  married  Honora, 
daughter  of  Kobert  Grace  of  Courtstown,  County 
Kilkenny  ;  by  whom  he  had  issue  three  sons,  Daniel, 
William,  and  Patrick,  and  two  daughters.  Said 
Teigue  died  at  Killballykelty,  County  Waterford, 
30th  April,  1636,  and  was  interred  at  Clonmel. 
Another  member  of  this  sept,  Thomas  Meara,  was  a 
Lieutenant  in  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's  Regiment  of 
Foot ;  and  a  Thady  O'Meara,  having  been  seized  of 
various  lands  in  the  county  of  his  sept,  and  being  an 
adherent  of  James,  was  attainted ;  when  Daniel 
O'Meara  claimed  a  fee-tail  therein  ;  while  in  a  patent 

•  Ware  s  Writers,  p.  190. 

t  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  400. 

76  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

of  lands  in  the  same  county  to  John  Otway,  a  saving 
was  contained  of  the  rights  of  Theodore  "  Manigh''  to 
certain  townlands  specified  therein. 

At  the  battle  of  Lauffield  in  1747,  Captain  O'Meara 
was  of  the  wounded  in  Clare's  Brigade.  He  was  liv- 
ing in  1793,  when  he  resided  with  his  son.  General 
Felix  O'Meara,  Commandant  of  Dunkirk.  This  lat- 
ter individual  went  into  the  French  service  in  1755, 
being  then  but  eighteen  years  of  age,  and  was  imme- 
diately received  into  Rothe's  Regiment.  In  the  same 
year  hostilities  commenced  in  Europe,  by  Admiral 
Boscawen's  taking  the  Alcide  and  Le  Lys,  French 
ships  of  war ;  and  preparations  were  made  for  land 
actions  on  both  sides.  The  Irish  regiments  embodied 
in  France  were  sent  to  garrison  Calais,  Dunkirk, 
Boulogne,  and  Ardres,  on  that  frontier  of  France 
nearest  to  England,  as  it  was  the  policy  of  the 
French  king  to  oppose  the  Irish  troops  to  those  of 
England.  Here  O'Meara,  sharing  in  all  the  services 
of  his  regiment,  gradually  rose,  as  vacancies  occurred. 
In  1778,  when  this  brigade  was  incorporated  with 
French  regiments,  O'Meara,  then  a  Captain,  had  the 
same  rank  given  him  in  that  of  Auvergne,  which  was 
the  second  in  military  estimate  of  all  the  Infantiy  of 
that  country.  Peace  had  existed  between  the  two 
kingdoms  for  some  years  previously  ;  but  hostilities 
again  breaking  out  in  the  latter  year,  (which  led  to 
the  American  war),  Captain  O'Meara  for  a  time  took 
part  with  Royalty.  In  the  succeeding  years,  however, 
of  intestine  commotion  in   France,  he,   being   then 

tyrconnel's  horse.  77 

Lieutenant-Colonel,  resigned  his  commission  to  the 
Crown,  and,  embracing  the  Republican  movement, 
received  a  fresh  commission  from  the  National  party. 
He  fought  under  General  Dumourier,  afterwards  un- 
der General  Dampierre,  and  was  subsequently  raised 
to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant-General,  with  the  defence 
of  Dunkirk  confided  to  him.*  There  he  subse- 
quently married  a  young  lady  with  a  fortune  of 
80,000  livr*^s.  Three  younger  brothers  of  his  were 
also  officers  in  the  French  service.f 


David  de  la  Roche,  son  of  Alexander  de  Rupe,  alias 
de  la  Roche,  was  the  founder  of  this  ancient  Norman 
family  in  Ireland.  He  mamed  Elizabeth,  daughter 
and  co-heiress  of  Gilbert  de  Clare,  Earl  of  Gloucester, 
by  the  Princess  Joan  his  wife,  daughter  of  King 
Edward  the  FirstJ  From  that  marriage  descended 
a  race  that  acquired  the  lordship  and  territory  of 
Fermoy,  in  the  County  of  Cork,  a  district  hence 
known  as  the  Roches'  Country.  During  the  reign  of 
that  English  monarch,  several  Royal  letters  were 
addressed  to  members  of  this  family,  requiring  their 
aid  and  personal  service  in  the  Scottish  wars ;  sum- 
monses were  afterwards  directed  to  them  to  attend 

•  Gent.'s  Mag.,  1793,  p.  449. 

t  Anth.  Hib.,  V.  2,  239. 

t  Burke  s  Landed  Gentry,  f.  1132. 


the  earliest  Irish  Parliaments ;  and  about  the  year 
1320,  Creorge  de  la  Roche,  who  had  been  theretofore 
twice  cited  as  a  Baron  to  Parliaments  held  in  Dublin, 
was  fined  200  marks  for  non-attendance.  In  1344 
the  King  summoned  Lord  Roche,  by  the  style  of 
"Capitaneus  des  Rocheyns,''  to  attend  him  in  the 
wars  in  France.  This  nobleman  was,  according  to 
Lodge,  John,  Lord  Roche,  who  intermarried  with 
Eleanor,  daughter  of  the  second  Lord  Kerry,  by 
whom  he  had  the  first  Countess  of  Kildare,  mother  of 
the  first  Countess  of  Carrick,  mother  of  the  first  Earl 
of  Ormond.*  In  1377,  John  Roche  of  Fermoy  had 
summons  by  writ  to  Parliament.f  It  may  be  here 
remarked,  that  in  this  and  the  two  ensuing  centuries, 
the  Lords  Roche  of  Fermoy  are,  in  the  Annals,  Eccle- 
siastical Records,  and  official  documents,  universally 
recognised  in  their  character  of  Irish  chieftains,  as 
well  as  of  Anglo-Irish  peers,  by  the  style  and  title  of 
"  Capitanei  suae  nationis  ;"  and  their  inheritance  is 
designated  the  Roches'  Country,  not  only  in  the  an- 
cient maps  of  Ireland,  but  in  the  Acts  of  Henry  the 
Eighth,  Elizabeth,  and  even  down  to  the  time  of 
Cromwell.  David  Roche,  Lord  Roche,  sumamed  the 
Great,  sat  in  Parliament  as  Viscount  Roche  of  Fer- 
moy in  the  reigns  of  Edward  the  Fourth  and  Henry 
the  Seventh.^  He  was  one  of  the  Peers  whom  the 
latter   Sovereign   invited    to   the   entertainment   at 

*  Lodge's  Peerage,  Ist  edition,  voL  2,  p.  103. 
t  Burke's  Extinct  Peerage,  f.  711. 
t  Idem,  f.  692. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  79 

Greenwich,  where  he  caused  Lambert  Simnel  to  attend 
as  a  menial.*  Before  and  after  this  year,  the  mayor- 
alty of  Cork  was  repeatedly  filled  by  a  Roche.  An 
original  letter  of  1556,  from  the  Clergy,  &c.  of  Kin- 
sale  to  Queen  Mary,  recommending  Patrick  Roche 
for  the  then  vacant  See  of  Cork  and  Cloyne,  is  pre- 
served in  the  Cottonian  Collection  of  the  British 
Museum.  In  Perrot's  memorable  Parliament  of 
1585,  Viscount  Fermoy  attended  on  summons,  while 
Philip  Roche  sat  there  as  member  for  Kinsale. 
Soon  after  the  attainders  consequent  upon  the  Des- 
mond rebellion,  John,  son  of  Dominick  Roche  of 
Limerick,  emigrated  to  Rochelle  ;  as  did  Maurice  and 
John  Roche,  two  sons  of  John  Roche  of  EUenfinch- 
town,  in  December,  1601,  with  Juan  de  Aquila,  for 
Spain,f  yhere  it  is  believed  the  name  still  exists. 
Very  extensive  estates  of  John  Roche  Fitz-Thomas, 
in  the  County  Waterford,  were  granted  in  1605  to 
Sir  Richard  Boyle.  About  the  year  1630,  the  Reve- 
rend Mr.  Roche,  President  of  the  College  of  Douay, 
and  subsequently  Roman  Catholic  Bishop  of  Ross  in 
Ireland,  founded  an  establishment  for  Irish  priests  at 
Antwerp,  where  they  were  supported,  "  partly  by  the 
alms  given  at  masses,  and  partly  by  the  benevolence 
of  the  people  f  but  Harris,  in  his  account  of  such 
Irish  establishments,  attributes  this  foundation  to  a 
Mr.  Laurence  Sedgrave. 

The  family   were   ever    warm   adherents   of   the 

*  Bermingham's  Remarks  on  Baronages,  p.  54. 
f  Pacata  Hibemia,  p.  426. 


Stuarts.  David,  Viscount  Fermoy,  lost  in  the  Royal 
cause  in  the  war  of  1641  estates  worth  £50,000  per 
annum.  He  was  himself  banished,  with  a  Regiment  of 
which  he  had  the  command,  to  France,  where  he 
died.  Amongst  those  attainted  in  1643,  were  Maurice, 
Lord  Viscount  Fermoy,  Patrick  Roche  of  Poolenelong, 
Richard  of  Gliny,  David  of  Ballynacloghy,  James  of 
Keniere,  John  of  Ballinvallagh,  William  and  Adam 
of  Rhyncorran,  Thomas  of  Aghlenane,  Ulick  of  Ballin- 
dangan,  Edmund  of  Ballinlegan,  Theobald  and  Wil- 
liam  of  Killeigh,  Redmond  of  Garravadrolane,  Miles 
and  Edward  of  Castletown,  Theobald  Fitz-John  Roche 
of  do.,  Ulick  Fitz-John  of  do.,  and  William  Fitz- 
Thomas  Roche  of  Clostage,  all  in  the  County  of  Cork. 
Amongst  the  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilkenny,  in 
1646,  sat  Maurice  Roche,  Viscount  Fermoy,  .with  the 
Peers  ;  and  David  Roche  of  Glanaure,  John  Roche  of 
Castletown,  and  Redmond  Roche  of  Cahirdowgan  in 
the  Commons.  When  Ireton  took  Limerick  in  1651, 
Alderman  Jordan  Roche,  Edmund  Roche,  Esq.,  and 
David  Roche  were  three  of  the  twenty-four  excluded 
from  mercy  ;  and  Cromwell's  Act  "  for  settling  Ire- 
land,**  passed  in  the  following  year,  excepted  Maurice 
Roche,  Viscount  Fermoy,from  pardon  for  life  and  estate. 
After  witnessing  and  sharing  many  of  the  visitations 
of  the  civil  war,  George  and  John  Roche  withdrew  in 
exile  to  Flanders,  where  they  found  their  Prince, 
for  whom  they  had  suffered  so  much,  also  a  fugitive 
and  a  wanderer.  It  is  recorded  of  them  that,  with  their 
kinsman  Viscount  Fermoy,  they  shared  their  military 

tyrconnel's  horse.  81 

paj  with  Charles,*  a  "  service  which,"  adds  Sir  Ber- 
nard, "  the  monarch  overlooked  at  the  Restoration." 
The  reproach  was  supererogation  in  the  annals  of 
that  race.  Even  the  Declaration  of  Royal  Gratitude, 
spread  out  in  the  Act  of  Settlement,  names  of  this 
family  only  Captain  Miles  "  Roache,"  of  the  County 
of  Cork,  "  for  services  beyond  the  seas." 

In  King  James's  Charter  of  1687  to  Cork,  Patrick 
and  John  Roch  were  appointed  Aldermen,  and  Ed- 
mund Roche  a  free  Burgess.  In  that  of  the  same 
year  to  Limerick,  Dominick  Roche,  Esq.,  and  Thomas 
Roch,  merchant,  were  named  Aldermen.  The  former 
was  by  King  James,  on  his  arrival  in  Ireland,  cre- 
ated Baron  Tarbert  and  Viscount  Cahiravahilla.f  In 
the  new  Charter  to  Kinsale,  Edward,  Patrick,  and 
Edmund  Roche,  and  John  Roche  Fitz-Edmund  were 
Burgesses.  In  those  of  1688  to  Cloghnekilty, 
John  Roche  was  a  Burgess,  as  was  James  Roch  in 
that  to  Mallow.  In  the  Charter  to  Wexford,  An- 
thony, James,  and  John  Roche  were  Burgesses ;  in 
that  to  Middleton,  Philip  Roche  was  one  of  the  two 
Bailiff.  In  those  of  1689,  Edward  Roche  was  a 
Burgess  in  one  to  Fethard ;  Edward  Roche  and 
James  Roche  were  Burgesses  in  that  to  CharlevUle. 
In  the  pension  list  of  1687-8  appear  entries  of  £150 
per  annum  for  "  Lord  Roche's  children,"  and  of  £100 
per  annum  "  for  the  now  Lord  Roche." 

*  Burke  8  Landed  Gentry,  Sup.  p.  280. 
t  Ferraris  Limerick. 


In  the  Parliament  of  Dublin  sat  David  Roche, 
Viscount  Fermoy  (as  on  out-lawry  reversed)  amongst 
the  Peers.  He  was  afterwards  drowned  at  Ply- 
mouth in  the  great  storm  of  1703,  and  was  succeeded 
in  the  title  by  Ulick  Roche,*  who  dying  without 
issue,  was  succeeded  by  John  Roche  of  Ballendangan, 
"who,"  writes  Smith  in  1745,t  "is  now  in  the  ser- 
vice of  the  King  of  Sardinia,  and  has  no  issue.  He 
was  during  the  late  war  in  the  service  of  that  King, 
in  the  rank  of  a  Grcneral  Officer,  and  is  a  great  favourite 
of  the  Prince.  He  was  sent  at  diflferent  times  to  prevent 
the  French  and  Spaniards  from  crossing  the  Alps  into 
Italy,  distinguished  himself  in  a  brave  defence  of 
Augusta;  and,  when  compelled  to  surrender  Casal, 
the  French  and  Spanish  Generals  paid  him  all  military 
honors,  and  entertained  him  nobly  in  their  camp. 
After  being  a  prisoner  for  some  time,  he  returned  to 
the  Sardinian  service." 

Besides  the  above  Captain  John  Roche,  there  ap- 
pear of  the  name  on  this  List,  Mathew  Roche,  a 
Lieutenant  in  Lord  Galmoy's  Horse ;  Maurice  Roche  a 
Captain,  and  Nicholas  Roche  an  Ensign  in  Colonel 
Thomas  Butler's  Infantry ;  James  Roche  a  Captain 
in  Lord  Kilmallock's ;  James  Roche  a  Lieutenant  in 
Major-General  Boiseleau's,  in  which  David  Roche  also 
was  an  Ensign.  In  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's,  Edmund 
Roche  was  a  Lieutenant,  and  another  David  Roche 
an  Ensign.  In  Sir  Michael  Creagh's,  Philip  Roche 
was  a  Captain,  and  another  Philip  a  Lieutenant.      In 

*  Ni^oU's  Peerage. 

t  mBtory  of  Cork,  v.  1,  p.  345. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  83 

Colonel  Owen  MacCartie's,  Philip  and  John  Roche 
were  Captains,  Ulick  a 'Lieutenant,  and  David  and 
James  Roche  Ensigns  ;  in  Colonel  Gordon  CNeilFs, 
James  Roche  was  an  Ensign  ;  and  lastly,  in  Colonel 
John  Barrett's,  Ulick  Roche  was  a  Lieutenant,  and 
David  and  James  Roche  were  Ensigns. 

The  outlawries  of  1691  present  the  following 
Roches  of  that  period :  Philip  Roche  of  Dublin,  of 
Brickfields,  County  of  Cork,  and  of  Poulelong,  in  the 
same  County  ;  James  Roche  of  Ballymontagh,  Coun- 
ty of  Kilkenny,  and  of  Feartagh,  County  of  Cork  ; 
David  Roche  of  Aghane,  County  of  Wexford,  and  of 
Curraheen,  County  of  Waterford ;  David  Roche  of 
Limerick,  merchant ;  Michael  Roche  of  Poulenelong, 
County  of  Cork  ;  Richard  and  Maurice  Roche  of 
Kinsale,  County  of  Cork  ;  Maurice  "  Roach"  of  Cork  ; 
John  Roch  of  Ballydanton,  County  of  Cork,  of  Skib- 
bereen.  County  of  Cork,  of  Ballyadow,  County  of 
Wexford,  and  of  Hussabeg,  County  of  Clare  ;  Joshua 
Roch  of  Knocknamana,  County  of  Cork ;  Theobald 
Roach  of  Ballydallon,  County  of  Cork ;  Patrick 
Roach  of  Dundauran,  County  of  Cork ;  Patrick 
Roache  of  Kerrane,  County  of  Wexford  ;  Patrick  of 
Fountainstown,  County  of  Cork  ;  Dominick  and  An- 
drew of  Cork ;  Edward  of  Ballyadow,  County  of 
Wexford,  and  of  Curraheen,  County  of  Waterford  ; 
Redmond  Roche  of  Killehaly,  County  of  Waterford ; 
and  Stephen  Roach  of  Curwarragher,  County  of  Cork. 
This  latter,  on  his  attainder,  retired  to  Kilrush, 
County  of  Clare ;  and  afterwards  to  Pallis,  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  his  brother-inJaw,  William  Apjohn. 

G  2 


They  had  married  two  sisters,  Anastasia  and  Cathe- 
rine Lysaght,  daughters  and  co-heiresses  of  William 

At  the  Court  of  Chichester  House  in  1700,  Cathe- 
rine Roche,  alias  Lavallier,  widow  of  Edward  Roche, 
claimed  against  the  then  proprietor  of  Trabolgan, 
Francis,  son  of  said  Edward,  her  jointure  thereoff ; 
but  her  petition  was  dismist ;  as  was  that  of  Clara 
Roche  for  a  jointure  off  the  County  of  Cork  lands, 
forfeited  by  Philip  Roche. 

It  may  be  mentioned  that  amongst  the  Southwell 
MSS.  some  years  since  offered  for  sale  by  Thomas 
Thorpe  of  Covent  Garden,  London,  were  curious  Col- 
lege Accounts  of  Lord  Roche,  from  June,  1711,  to 
December,  1712.  His  tuition  in  dancing,  fencing 
and  riding,  quadrupled  in  amount  the  charges  for  the 
mathematics,  French,  &c.  Four  dozen  of  gloves  for 
him  cost  forty-eight  shillings,  a  pair  of  leather 
breeches  a  guinea  and  sixpence,  and  there  was  due  to 
the  perriwig-maker  twelve  pounds.  Lord  Roche  being 
then  a  mere  boy.f  The  education  of  this  young  lord 
seems  to  have  resulted  from  a  petition  of  Lady  Roche, 
forwarded  in  October,  1703,  on  her  failure  of  relief  at 
the  Court  of  Claims,  by  Mr.  Canton  Haly  on  her 
behalf,  to  Mr.  Secretary  Southwell ;  wherein  she  en- 
treated "  certain  monies  to  send  Lord  Jftoche's  chil- 
dren on  sight  for  England,  who  are  in  a  most  forlorn 

♦  Old  FamUy  MSS. 

t  Southwell  MSS.  Catal.,  p.  192. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  85 

condition  ;  which  will  be  one  everlasting  deed  of  cha- 
rity, and  an  eternal  obligation  upon  the  family.'^ 


The  origin  and  early  notices  of  this  surname  are  so 
fully  given  in  Sir  Bernard  Burke's  *  Landed  Gentry,' 
that  a  reference  to  its  pages  must  satisfy  those  seek- 
ing such  information  more  completely  than  could  any 
extended  details  here.  It  may  yet  be  observed  that 
in  1309,  Walter  de  Cusack  had  special  summons  to 
the  parliament  of  Kilkenny  ;  that  in  the  same  cen- 
tury Sir  John  Cusack,  Knight,  Lord  of  Beaupeyr  and 
Gerardstown  in  the  County  of  Meath,  had  also  sum- 
mons to  Parliament ;  that  he  married  Joan,  eldest 
daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Sir  Simon  de  Geneville, 
Baron  of  Culmullen  in  the  same  County,  by  whom 
he  left  Sir  Simon  his  eldest  son,  who  was  in  1375 
himself  summoned  to  Parliament  as  Baron  of  Culmul- 
len.f  That  in  1535,  Thomas  Cusack  of  Cushings- 
town  was  appointed  a  justice  of  the  Common  Pleas  ; 
in  1542,  made  Master  of  the  Rolls ;  and  in  1546, 
Lord  Chancellor.  In  the  succeeding  years,  other 
Cusacks  filled  the  highest  judicial  posts  in  Ireland. 

Throughout  all  the  trials  and  persecutions  of  the 
Irish  Catholics  in  the  seventeenth  century,  this  family 
espoused  their  cause  ;  and  in  the  Civil  War  of  1641, 

♦  Southwell  MSS.  Cat.,  p.  244. 
t  Burke's  Extinct  Peerage,  p.  706. 

86  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

six  were  attainted  for  their  adherence  to  that  reli- 
gion and  their  loyalty  to  the  Stuarts,  viz.  Christopher 
Cusack  of  MuUevad,  and  of  Ardreagh  ;  George  of 
Trimlestown  ;  Patrick  of  Gerardstown,  and  James  of 
Clonemaghana,  all  in  the  County  of  Meath ;  also 
Adam  Cusack  of  Monanquill  and  Henry  of  Comesal- 
lagh,  County  of  Wicklow.  In  the  Supreme  Council 
of  Confederate  Catholics  at  KUkenny  sat  James 
Cusack,  who  was  therefore  especially  excepted  from 
pardon  for  life  and  estate  in  Cromwell's  Act  of  1652, 
'*for  settling  Ireland."  The  Declaration  of  Royal 
Gratitude,  displayed  in  the  Act  of  Settlement, 
only  mentions  "  Mr.  Thomas  Cusack  of  Carrick, 
County  of  Kildare."  In  1671,  Adam  Cusack  was 
Chief  Justice  of  Connaught  ;  in  the  following  year  he 
was  appointed  a  Judge  of  the  Common  Pleas.  King 
James's  New  Charters  of  1688  have,  in  that  to 
Navan,  the  names  of  Nicholas  and  Christopher  Cusack, 
Esquires,  and  of  Christopher  and  Robert  Cusack, 
Gentlemen,  amongst  the  Burgesses.  In  that  to  Trim, 
the  above  Nicholas  Cusack  was  appointed  Portreeve; 
while  James  Cusack  of  Flemingstown,  and  Francis 
and  Christopher  Cusack,  were  Burgesses.  In  the 
charter  of  1689  to  Swords,  another  Christopher 
Cusack  was  a  Burgess,  as  was  Luke  Cusack  in  that 
to  Kilkenny. 

Besides  the  above  Captain  Nicholas,  there  appear  in 
this  Army  List,  John  and  Adam  Cusack,  of  the  Lis- 
mullen  line,  Ensigns  in  the  Royal  Regiment  of  In- 
fantry ;  Bartholomew  of  the  Rathaldron  line  and 
Christopher  of  Corballis,  Captains  in  Lord  Slane's  ; 

tyrconnel's  horse.  87 

and  Robert  Cusack  of  Staffordstown,  a  Lieutenant  in 
Colonel  Clifford's  Dragoons ;  while  in  Burke's 
"Landed  Gentry"  a  James  Cusack  of  Clonard  is 
noticed,  as  an  officer  in  King  James's  service  at  the 
battle  of  the  Boyne.  In  the  Parliament  of  1689,  at 
Dublin,  Captain  Nicholas  Cusack,  who  was  nephew  of 
Tyrconnel,  sat  as  one  of  the  Representatives  of  Trim ; 
while  the  Borough  of  Navan  was  then  represented  by 
the  above  Christopher  of  Corballis,  and  by  Christopher 
Cusack  of  Rathaldron  ;  as  was  Kells  by  said  Bartholo- 
mew Cusack.  When,  in  1690,  King  James  assumed 
to  exercise  ecclesiastical  patronage  in  Ireland,  he 
presented  Dr.  Patrick  Cusack  to  the  Rectory  of  St. 
Canice  of  Duleek,  with  the  Vicarage  of  St  Mary  of 
Drogheda  ;  and  Dr.  Robert  Cusack  to  the  Rectories 
and  Vicarages  of  Robertstown  and  KUmainham-wood. 

At  the  Capitulation  of  Limerick,  Nicholas  Cusack, 
then  a  Colonel,  was  an  executing  party  of  the  Civil 

The  outlawries  of  1691  record  as  attainted  Nicholas 
Cusack  of  Cushinstown,  James  of  Fieldstown,  Chris- 
topher and  Bartholomew  of  Corballis,  Patrick  of 
Philpotstown,  Robert  of  Castletown,  Robert,  Adam, 
and  Michael  of  Gerardstown,  Lucas  of  Brownstown, 
aU  in  the  County  of  Meath  ;  Philip  Cusack  of  KU- 
kenny  ;  Rowland  of  Killone,  County  of  Cork  ;  Nicho- 
las of  Lough-bryne,  County  of  Down,  with  Adam 
and  Christopher  of  Castletown-Abbey,  County  of 
Meath.  At  the  Court  of  Chichester  House,  Robert 
Cusack  claimed  and  was  allowed  a  remainder  in  tail 
in  various  lands  and  premises   in   the   Counties   of 

88  KING  James's  misn  army  ust. 

Dublin,  KUdare,  &c.  of  which  Nicholas  Cusack,  the 
forfeiting  proprietor,  had  been  seized  in  right  of  his 

No  evidence  has  been  communicated  of  the  fortunes 
of  Colonel  Nicholas,  or  of  the  others  of  his  name  who 
passed  over  to  the  Continent;  but  it  is  stated  by  Sir 
Bernard  Burke,  *  that  of  the  Gerardstown  line 
Gerald-Alexander  Cusack,  Knight  of  St.  Louis,  was 
a  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  Roth's  Brigade.  He  signal- 
ized himself  at  the  battle  of  Fontenoy  in  1745,  and 
received  for  his  services  there  a  pension  of  600  francs  ; 
he  was  again  distinguished  at  the  battle  of  Lauffield, 
and,  after  fifty  three  years' service,  died  in  1753,  S.  P. 

A  Charles  Cusack  entered  the  Spanish  service  in 

Lee's  Regiment,  became  Captain-General  and  Knight 
of  St.  James  in  Spain,  and  died  Governor  of  Malatia, 

S.  P. Lastly,  Richard-Edmund  Cusack,    Marshal 

of  France,  and  Knight  of  the  Orders  of  the  King  of 
France,  served  at  Malplaquet,  Minden,  &c.  and  re- 
ceived in  1755  the  public  thanks  of  that  monarch  for 
his  services  at  Maestricht 


He  had  been  one  of  the  Chiefe  of  the  Pale  who  at- 
tended the  great  meeting  at  Swords  in  1641,  and  in 
the  Declaration  of  Royal  Gratitude,  embodied  in  the 

*  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  sup.,  f.  87. 

tykconnel's  horse.  89 

Act  of  SettlementJ  he,  being  there  described  as  of 
Belgard,  a  Lieutenant,  was  included,  ^^for  reason 
known  unto  us  in  an  especial  manner  meriting  our 
grace  and  favour."  For  these  services  he  further 
obtained  a  restoration  of  about  half  his  estates,  which 
had  been  seized  by  the  Usurping  Powers  :  of  these 
however  he  deemed  it  prudent  to  take  out  a  fresh 
patent  in  1670,  which  expressly  included  Belgard. 
He  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the  borough  of 
Newcastle  in  the  Parliament  of  1689,  and,  having 
been  appointed  Lord  Lieutenant  of  the  County  of 
Wicklow,  and  Commissary-General  over  this  and  four 
other  Counties,  he  raised  and  equipped  a  Regiment  of 
Cavalry  at  his  own  expense,  fought  at  its  head  at  the 
battle  of  the  Boyne,  and  at  Aughrim ;  and,  having 
been  included  in  the  Articles  of  Limerick,  this  fine 
old  soldier  thereby  effected  the  preservation  of  his 
estate.  At  his  advanced  age  he  declined  to  emigrate, 
and,  retiring  to  Belgard,  passed  the  remainder  of  his 
days  in  the  ease  and  comfort  of  a  competent  fortune, 
with  the  consciousness  of  having  served  his  King  and 
country  to  the  utmost  of  his  abilities.  He  married  a 
daughter  of  Sir  Henry  Talbot  of  Mount-Talbot  and 
Templeogue,  and,  having  no  male  heir,  he  sought,  for 
his  only  daughter  Catherine,  a  suitable  alliance  in  the 
noble  family  of  Dillon,  which  took  place  in  1696  by 
her  marriage  with  Thomas  Dillon  of  Brackloon, 
grandson  of  Theobald  the  first  Lord  Viscount  Dillon 

*  D' Alton's  Hist.  Co.  Dublin,  p.  708. 

90  KING  James's  misu  army  list. 


In  the  Fourteenth  century,  and  long  after,  this  name, 
which  in  truth  seems  to  have  been  of  Danish  origin, 
and  anterior  to  the  English  invasion,  is  traced  in  the 
history  and  records  of  Meath.  In  1382,  Henry 
Beatagh  was  appointed  one  of  the  two  guardians  of 
the  Peace  in  the  Barony  of  EeUs  therein.  At 
the  close  of  the  sixteenth  century,  William  *  Betagh ' 
of  Moynalty  was  married  to  Anne,  daughter  of  the 
sixth  Lord  Eilleen.  In  1610,  Edmund  Betagh,  son 
and  heir  of  Christopher  of  Moynalty  deceased^  had 
livery  of  his  estate  according  to  the  law  of  wardships. 
The  outlawries  of  1642  included  his  name  as  Edmund 
Betagh  Senior,  with  Edmund  Betagh  Junior,  and 
James  Betagh,  all  of  Moynalty,  Robert  Muyle  *  Bea- 
tagh,'  and  Patrick  Beatagh  of  Newtown,  all  in  the 
County  of  Meath.  The  minutes  of  Courts-Martial 
held  in  St.  Patrick's  Church,  Dublin,  in  1651-2-3, 
record  those  held  on  20th  March,  and  23rd  April, 
1652,  on  Captain  Francis  Betagh  and  other  Betaghs. 
Of  the  grants  confirmed  on  the  adventurers  in 
1666,  one  to  Thomas  Taylor,  of  lands  in  the  County  of 
Meath,  contains  a  saving  for  Henry  Betagh,  Christo- 
pher, Richard,  Lucas,  James,  Mary,  Anne,  EUenor, 
Margaret,  and  Jane  Betagh,  all  children  of  Patrick 
Betagh,  of  such  rights  as  their  said  father  had  in  cer- 
tain lands  therein  specified,  and  which  had  been 
decreed  to  them  in  1663.     A  similar  saving  of  their 

tyrconnel's  horse.  91 

rights  was  reserved  in  another  patent  of  Meath  lands 
to  Nicholas  Moore,  as  also  in  similar  patents  to  James 
Stopford,  Edward  Stubbers,  and  Henry  Morton,  all 
concerning  lands  in  the  same  County. 

The  new  Charter,  granted  by  King  James  to  the 
borough  of  Kells,  contains  the  names  of  four  Betaghs, 
burgesses,  viz.  Francis,  Thomas,  William,  and 
Henry  ;  and  Thomas  Betagh  was  appointed  Town- 

The  outlawries  of  1691  describe  ^Thomas  Beatagh 
of  Moynalty,'  who  seems  identical  with  this  Lieu- 
tenant. Francis  Beatagh  is  also  an  outlaw,  de- 
scribed as  of  the  same  place.  Both  of  these, 
Thomas  and  Francis,  are  in  a  later  inquisition  de- 
scribed as  of  Gravelstown,  County  of  Meath.  William 
Betagh  Senior  and  William  Betagh  Junior,  styled  of 
Lisalkey,  County  of  Down,  were  also  attainted  at 
this  time. 

The  case  of  Mr.  Francis  Betagh  of  Mojrnalty,  as 
iniquitously  affected  by  the  Acts  of  Settlement,  is 
especially  recorded  in  Mr.  O'Callaghan's  'Irish  Bri- 
gades,' where  it  is  stated  that  his  grandson,  the 
Chevalier  de  Betagh,  was  a  Captain  in  Fitz-James's 
Regiment  of  Horse,  previous  to  the  battle  of  Fontenoy, 
and  was  living  with  the  title  of  Count  in  1775.*  It 
appears  from  the  notes  in  Hardiman's  Irish  Minstrelsy, 
vol.  1,  that  some  members  of  the  Moynalty  Beataghs 
settled  at  Mannin  in  the  County  of  Mayo,  where  a 
daughter   of  Captain   Gerald   Dillon,   becoming  the 

♦  O'Callaghan's  Brigades,  v.  1  p.  94. 


wife  of  James  Betagh,  was  the  object  of  one  of  Carolan's 
poetical  efiusions. 


It  would  seem  that  this  officer  was  a  relative  of 
George  King,  theretofore  proprietor  of  the  town  and 
manor  of  Clontarj^  whose  house  and  town  Sir  Charles 
Coote  burned  and  wasted  with  his  wonted  cruelty. 
The  outrage,  which,  as  Borlase  writes,  was  "excel- 
lently well  executed,"  was  attempted  to  be  justified 
by  an  allegation  that  Mr.  King  had  been  one  of  the 
gentlemen  of  the  Pale  who  had  previously  assembled 
at  Swords,  and  who  had  further  abetted  the  pillaging 
of  a  ship.  This  King  was  immediately  after  attainted, 
a  reward  of  £400  offered  for  his  head,  and  his  estates, 
comprising  the  manor  and  island  of  Clontarf,  with 
Hollybrook,  were  granted  to  John  Blackwell,  a  favour- 
ite of  Oliver  Cromwell,  who  assigned  to  John  Vernon, 
the  ancestor  of  the  present  proprietor.*  Lodge 
relates  that  Captain  James  Brabazon,  son  of  Sir 
Anthony  Brabazon,  was  killed  in  1676  by  a  Charles 

The  attainders  of  1642  have  but  one  of  this  sur- 
name, George  King,  described  as  of  Galtrim,  County 
of  Meath.     Those  of  1691  exhibit  only  John  King  of 

♦  D'Alton's  Hist.  Co.  Dub.  p.  89. 

f  Arohdairs  Lodge's  Peerage,  vol.  5,  p.  274. 

tyrconnel's  horse.  93 

Boyle,  and  Henry  otherwise  Martin  King  of  Galway. 
A  Thomas  King  was  Prebendary  of  Swords  in 
1703  ;  and  in  1776,  a  Charles  King  was  one  of  the 
Kepresentatives  of  that  Borough. 


The  notices  applicable  to  this  great  historic  name 
are  collected  at  tiie  ensuing  Horse  Regiment  of  Vis- 
count  Galmoy  ;  it  may,  however,  be  here  observed, 
that  this  officer  appears  to  have  been  the  same  Ed- 
mund Butler,  who,  when  Dominick  Sheldon,  the 
Lieutenant-Colonel  of  TyrconneFs  Horse,  formed  a 
Brigade  in  the  service  of  France,  appointed  him,  his 
old  companion  in  arms,  a  major.*  The  gallant  ser- 
vices of  that  force  on  the  Continent  are  hereinbefore 
briefly  alluded  to,  under  the  names  of  *  Berwick'  and 


He  appears  to  have  been  of  the  County  of  Wicklow, 
and,  although  his  own  outlawry  is  not  mentioned  on 
the  roll  of  attainders,  there  do  appear  there  Matthew 
and  Thomas  Harney,  both  described  of  Wicklow. 

The  name    of  *  Hemy '  (John,  and  Margaret  his 

*  O'Conor's  Military  Memoirs,  p.  197. 


wife)  is  of  record  in  the  Chancery  rolls  of  Ireland  in 
1325  ;  and  in  1381,  Thomas  Herny  was  an  ofl&cer  of 
the  customs  in  Waterford  and  Cork. 


This  individual  is  expressly  described  as  he  appears 
on  this  List,  in  Tyrconnell's  Regiment,  in  the  report 
of  the  wounded  at  the  Boyne,  given  in  Berwick's 
Memoir ;  though,  according  to  Walker's  Diary,  &c. 
(p.  60),  '  Quarter  Master  Casinone '  was  killed  at  the 
previous  siege  of  Deny. 


Sm  Thomas  Loftus,  who  died  in  1636,  left  with  other 
issue  a  daughter  Jane,  who  had  married  John  Bryan 
of  Whiteswell,  alias  Bawnmore,  and  had  issue  by 
him  four  sons,  the  youngest  of  whom,  John  Bryan,* 
seems  identical  with  this  Quarter  Master.  Alderman 
James  Bryan,  of  Jenkinsto^vn,  was  one  of  the  Repre- 
sentatives for  the  City  of  Kilkenny  in  the  Parliament 
of  1689  ;  and  a  Walter  Bryan,  described  as  of  Akipp, 
in  the  Queen's  County,  was  attainted  in  1701. 

*  Archdall's  Lodge's  Peerage,  vol.  7,  p.  355. 

galhot's  horse. 


The  Colonel. 



lAduimants.  Comets.  Quarter-masten. 

Richard  OxVisglL      Ambrose  GarrolL      John  Kelly. 

Laurence  Dempsej,  ^ 

let  Lieat.-Col.   I 

VMathew  Cooke. 
[Charles  Carroll,    ft 
2nd  Lieut-Col]  ^ 

Robert  Arthur, 

James  Mathews. 

Henry  Fleming,       Qeoige  Qemon. 
brother  to  Lord 

Lord  Baron  Trim-    Patrick  Kearney. 

Anthony  Dnlhnnty.  Qeorge  Cooke. 

Morgan  Ryan. 

Jefiry  Burke.  Piers  Butler. 

Roger  O'Connor.      Robert  Molloy. 

Ifidiael  Bourke. 
Edward  Butler. 
James  Bryan. 
PieFB  Butler. 
[Denis  O'Keny.] 

Laurence  Fitzgerald.  Lewis  Welsh. 
Edmund  Butler.        James  PurceH 
Mathew  Roche.         John  Smith. 

Thomas  Dwyer. 

Oliver  Welsh. 

James  Butler. 
James  Shoe. 
Charles  O'Connor. 

H  ftlSC  iAlf£8*8  IRISH  ARMY  LIST. 


Of  this  great  historic  family,  whose  annals  in  the  bio- 
grqihy  of  but  one  individual  have  extended  over  three 
large  folio  volumes,  the  notices  for  this  work  must  be 
necessarily  circumscribed  within  the  limits  fore- 
marked  in  the  Prospectus. 

The  influence  and  conduct  of  the  great  Ormonde 
prevented  the  attainder  of  any  one  of  his  name  in 
1642,  with  the  exception  of  John  Butler,  an  obscure 
miller  of  Westpalstown,  County  Dublin.  Some  indi- 
viduals of  the  name  however  attended  the  memorable 
assembly  of  the  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilkenny 
in  1646.  Of  the  Temporal  Peers  on  that  occasion 
were  Richard  Butler,  Viscount  Mountgarret ;  Piers 
Butler,  Viscount  Ikerrin  ;  and  Edward  Butler,  Vis- 
count Galmoy.  Of  the  Commons  were  Edmond  But- 
ler  of  Idough,  Piers  of  Banshagh,  James  of  Swyneene, 
John  of  Foulsterstown,  Piers  of  Barrowmount,  Piers 
of  Cahir  and  Walter  Butler  of  Paulstown.  The  afore- 
said Lord  Mountgarret  was  not  overlooked  in  Crom- 
well's Act  for  settling  Ireland  ;  he,  with  James  Butler, 
Earl  of  Ormonde,  was  especially  excepted  from  par- 
don for  life  and  estate. 

The  Act  of  Settlement  of  1662,  in  its  clause  of 
Royal  Gratitude  for  services  rendered  the  exiled  Roy- 
alists beyond  the  seas,  includes  the  names  of  Viscount 
Mountgarret,  Viscount  Ikerrin,  Viscount  Galmoy  and 
Lord    Dunboyne  ;    with   Ensign   Walter   Butler  of 

galmoy's  horse.  97 

Shanbally,  Ensign  Pierce  (Duff)  Butler  of  Tipperary, 
Ensign  Theobald  Butler  of  Barnane  in  said  County, 
Lieut.-Colonel  William  Butler  of  Ballyfooky,  Captain 
Stephen  Butler,  Captain  Walter  Butler,  Captain 
Theobald  and  Ensign  Thomas  Butler.  The  same  Act 
contained  also  savings  from  its  confiscations,  of  the 
estates  of  Colonel  Richard  Butler,  of  Thomas  Butler 

of  Kilconnel,  of Butler,  son  of  Theobald,  son  of 

James  Butler  of  Derryluscan,  County  of  Tipperary, 
and  of  Richard  Butler  of  Ballynakill  in  same  County ; 
of  Lord  Dunboyne's  and  Lord  Mountgarref  s,  and  also  a 
saving  for  James  (then)  Duke  of  Ormonde  and  his 
Duchess,  of  their  lands.  The  latter  were  fiirther  con- 
firmed in  "their  parts  of  the  regicides'  estates,  ex- 
cepted out  of  the  Duke  of  York's  confirmation." 

In  May,  1686,  the  above  Viscount  Galmoy  was 
added  to  the  Privy  Council.*  On  the  establish- 
ment of  1687-8,  Viscount  Ikerrin  is  mentioned  as 
having  an  allowance  of  £235  4s.,  as  Captain  of  the 
Grenadiers,  with  an  addition  of  £100  charged  on 
the  pension  list;  while  the  Lord  Baron  of  Dunboyne  is 
set  down  on  the  latter  list  for  another  £100.  In 
King  James's  New  Charters  of  1687  et  seq.  Theobald 
Butler  was  appointed  of  the  Common  Council  of 
Dublin.  In  that  to  Clonmel,  James  Butler,  mer- 
chant, was  named  Mayor  ;  James  Butler,  Junior,  an 
Alderman ;  Theobald  Butler  a  free  burgess ;  another 
Theobald,  Recorder ;  and  Theobald  Fitz-James  Butler 

•  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Loid  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  400. 



Town  Clerk. — In  that  to  Cashel,  James  Butler  and 
James  Fitz-Richard  Butler  were  Burgesses. — In  Bal- 
linakill's,  John  Butler  was  one  of  the  Burgesses. — In 
Kilkenny's,  Lord  Viscount  Mountgarret  and  Thomas 
Butler  were  Aldermen. — In  New  Ross,  Thomas  But- 
ler was  appointed  one  of  the  Bailiflfe,  and  Walter  and 
Richard    were     Burgesses. — In     Callan,    John    and 
Walter  Butler  were  Burgesses  ;    In  Gowran,  this  Vis- 
count Galmoy  was  at  the  head  of  the  Burgess  Roll, 
William  Butler  being  another  thereon.     Lord  Gal- 
moy  also  headed  the  Burgess  Roll  for  Thomastown, 
with  WiUiam  Butler  for  a  Burgess.    He  was  likewise 
first  on  the  Charter  to  Old  Leighlin,  where  Richard 
Butler  was  another  Burgess.     In   that  to  Wexford, 
Walter  Butler  was  an  Alderman.     In  Derry,  Robert 
Butler  was  one  of  the  Burgesses,  as  was  James  Butler 
in  that  to  Fethard,  Walter  Butler  in  that  to  Ennis- 
corthy,  and  Edward  and  Thomas   Butler  in  that  to 

On  the  present  Muster  Roll  : — In  this  Regiment, 
besides  the  Colonel,  Edward  and  Piers  Butler  were 
Captains,  Edmund  Butler  a  Lieutenant,  and  Piers 
and  James  Butler  Quarter-masters. — In  TyrconneVs 
Horse,  Edmund  and  James  were,  as  before  mentioned. 
Comets. — In  Sarsfield's,  Edward  and  Piers  were  Lieu- 
tenants.— In  Colonel  Nicholas  Purcell's,  James  Butler 
of  Dunboyne  was  a  Captain,  Theobald  a  Lieutenant, 
and  another  James  a  Cornet. — In  Lord  Dongan's 
Dragoons,  Piers  Butler  was  a  Comet.  In  the  Earl  of 
Tyrone's  Infantry,  Edward  Butler  was  a  Captain. — 

galmoy's  horse.  99 

Robert  was  a  Captain  in  Colonel  Cormuck  O'Neiirs. 
— In  Sir  Neill  O'Neiirs,  William  was  a  Captain,  ss 
was  Walter  in  the  Earl  of  Clancarty's. — In  Lord 
Eilmallock's,  Richard  was  a  Captain,  James  a  Lieu- 
tenant, and  Toby  Butler  an  Ensign. — In  Major 
General  Boiseleau's,  Thomas  Butler  was  a  Lieutenant. 
— In  Colonel  John  Grace's,  Edmund  was  a  Captain, 
another  Edmund  a  Lieutenant,  and  John  Butler  was 
an  Ensign. — In  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's,  Edmund 
was  a  Lieutenant,  and  Thomas  and  Edward  were  En- 
signs.— In  Sir  Michael  Creagh's,  Edmund  was  a  Cap- 
tain, as  was  another  Edmund  in  Colonel  Owen  Mac 
Carty's. — Colonel  Thomas  Butler  had  a  Regiment  en- 
tirely  of  his  own  'raising,'  in  which  James  and  Rich- 
ard Butler  were  Captains  ;  so  had  Colonel  Edward 
Butler,  in  which  two  Edmunds  Butler  and  one  John 
were  commissioned. — In  Colonel  John  Barrett's,  John 
Butler  was  a  Captain,  and  lie  may  probably  be  identi- 
fied with  the  'Colonel'  John  Butler,  who  commanded 
a  troop  of  Grenadiers  at  Aughrim,  was  there  taken 
prisoner,  and  so  committed  to  the  Tower  in  1695.* 
Previous  to  the  forming  of  this  Muster  Roll,  a  George 
Butler  was  Captain  in  Colonel  Fairfax's,  a  then  exist- 
ing Regiment ;  and  of  him  the  Earl  of  Clarendon,  in 
January,  1685,  wrote,  that  he  had  "served  abroad 
when  the  late  King  had  forces  in  Flanders,  and  had 
as  good  a  character  as  any  young  man  can  have  ;" 

*  Singers  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  v.  2,  p.  893. 

H  2 


but  he  was  killed  in  the  following  year,  by  Captain 
Twisleton  of  Sir  Thomas  Newcomen's  Regiment.* 

At  the  close  of  the  year  1688,  Lord  Galmoy  came 
to  Belturbet,  and  made  an  unsuccessful  attempt  to 
besiege  the  Castle  of  Crom  ;  he  was  repulsed  by  the 
Enniskilleners,  who  had  thrown  succours  into  itf 
This  Peer  was  one  of  the  Privy  Council,  who  a  short 
time  previously  caused  proclamations  to  issue  from  the 
Council  Chamber  of  Dublin  against  meetings  of  dis- 
aflfected  persons,  "in  a  riotous  and  warlike  manner 
assembled;"  who,  according  to  informations  received 
by  the  Lord  Deputy,  "have  taken  upon  them  to  fortify 
themselves  by  possessing  of  places  of  strength,  and 
dividing  themselves  into  Troops  and  Companies,  pro- 
viding  themselves  of  arms  and  ammunition ;"  and  the 
Lord  Deputy  and  Council  thereby  ordered  all  persons 
80  assembled  to  disperse,  or  that  directions  shall  be 
given  to  proceed  against  any  defaulters  as  for  high 
treason.  In  further  relation  to  this  family,  it  may 
be  here  noted  that  a  Regiment,  commanded  by 
Colonel  Richard  Butler,  was  one  of  those  sent  by 
King  James  to  France  in  exchange  for  the  French 

In  the  Roll  of  the  memorable  Parliament  of  Dublin 
(1689),  appear  of  this  name  in  the  Upper  House  the 
above  Piers,  Viscount  Galmoy,  Viscount  Mountgar- 
rett.  Viscount  Ikerrin,  Lords  Dunboyne  and  Cahir ; 
while  in  the  Commons  sat  Walter  Butler  as  one  of 

♦  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  v.l,  pp.  207, 336. 
t  Hamilton's  Enniskilleners,  p.  10,  <&c. 

galmoy's  horse.  101 

the  representatives  of  the  Borough  of  Callan,  Richard 
for  that  of  Gowran,  Walter  of  Munfine  for  the 
County  of  Wexford,  Richard  for  the  County  of  Wick- 
low,  Theobald  of  Strathnagallen  for  Enniscorthy, 
James  of  Grangebeg  for  the  County  of  Tipperary,  and 
Richard  for  the  Borough  of  New  Ross. 

On  the  4th  of  July,  in  the  year  of  this  Parliament, 
Lord  Viscount  Mountgarret  led  the  forlorn  hope  of  Horse 
against  Deny,  when  he  was  taken  prisoner.  "  The 
besieged  took  three  colours  of  Colonel  Butler  into  the 
town,  and  have  them."*  It  may  be  added  that,  after 
the  Revolution,  in  October,  1692,  this  Peer  laid  claim 
to  his  seat  in  Parliament,  and  took  the  oath  of  allegi- 
ance, but,  being  required  to  take  that  of  supremacy, 
he  refused  so  to  do,  declaring  it  was  not  agreeable 
to  his  conscience,  whereupon  he  was  ex*cludedf . 

Crossley,  in  his  "  Peerage  of  Ireland,''  published  in 
1725,  has  an  absurd  story,  that  this  Lord  Viscount 
Galmoy  was  obliged  to  do  public  penance  in  St.  Wer- 
burgh's  Church,  Dublin,  "  for  some  insolent  or  ill  action 
committed  by  him  in  that  Church,  but  that  he  after- 
wards  left  Ireland  with  King  James."  As  the  latter 
part  of  this  story  is  erroneous,  the  whole  may  be  con- 
sidered  apocryphal.  Lord  Galmoy,  so  far  fram  going 
oflF  with  King  James,  remained  with  his  Regiment  to 
the  last,  was  taken  prisoner  at  Aughrim,  and,  havfng 
been  exchanged,  was  one  of  the  contracting  parties  on 
the  Irish  side  to  the  Treaty  of  Limerick,  3rd  October, 

♦  Thorpe's  Cat.  SouthweU  MSS.,  p.  188. 
t  Graham's  Derriana,  p.  37. 

102  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

In  the  outlawries  of  1691,  et  seq.  Viscount  Gal- 
moy  was  attainted  on  six  inquisitions  in  Dublin, 
Westmeath,  Kilkenny,  Wexford,  Tyrone  and  King's 
County. — Richard  Viscount  Mountgarret  on  four,  in 
Kildare,  Kilkenny,  Wexford  and  Londonderry. — Two 
on  Lord  Dunboyne,  in  Clare  and  Meath. — One  on 
John  Butler,  son  of  Lord  Galmoy. — On  James  Butler 
in  the  latter  County. — On  Tobias  and  Theobald  in 
Dublin. — In  Wexford  on  Walter,  senior  and  junior, 
and  Edmund  of  Munfyne,  Richard  of  New  Ross,  Ed- 
ward of  Leckan,  and  James  of  Ballyborough. — In 
Kilkenny  on  Walter  of  Callan,  Edmund  of  Bally- 
ragget,  Edward  of  Flemingstown,  William  of  Bram- 
blestown,  Edward  Fitz-Edward  of  Fiertagh,  Richard  of 
Low  Grange,  Peter  of  Kilkenny,  Edward  Fitz-Rich- 
ard  of  Kilkenny,  Piers  of  Coolmanan,  and  on  Thomas 
and  Richard  of  Garry ricken. — In  Tipperary,  on 
James  Butler  of  Grangebeg. — In  Carlow,  on  Richard 
of  Rahalin  and  Edward  of  Dunganstown. — In  Water- 
foni  on  Edward  and  John  of  Ballynaclogh  ;  on  Tobias 
of  Knockanebuy,  James  of  Kilcorr,  and  William  of 
Munvehogg. — In  the  Queen's  County,  on  Richard 
and  Edward  of  Kilderrick,  and  on  William  of  Car- 
ran:  and  lastly,  in  the  County  of  Roscommon,  on 
James  Butler  of  Coneragh.  Lord  Galmoy 's  forfeitures 
alone  comprised  nearly  10,000  acres  plantation  mea- 
sui^  in  the  County  of  Kilkenny,  and  about  half  that 
qiuuitity  in  the  Barony  of  Bantry,  County  of  Wex- 
fi^ni.      The^>hjdd  Butler,  seventh  Baron  of  Cahir.  was 

galmoy's  horse.  103 

also  outlawed,  but  his  attainder  was  reversed  in  1693, 
and  his  Lordship  restored  to  his  estates.* 

While  King  James  was  in  Dublin,  on  the  10th  of 
May,  previous  to  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  he  gave 
licence  to  the  Lady  Butler  and  her  sisterhood  of  the 
order  of  St.  Benedict,  to  found  a  Nunnery  in  that 
City  for  themselves  and  their  successors,  under  the 
name  and  style  of  "  the  Abbess  and  Convent  of  our 
Royal  Monastery  of  St.  Benedict,  called  Gratia  Dei." 

At  the  battle  of  Landen,  fought  29th  July,  1693, 
the  Duke  of  Ormonde  (who,  according  to  Clarendon,! 
after  King  James  had  gone  to  bed  at  Andover,  26th 
November,  1688,  turned  over  to  William)  was 
wounded  and  taken  prisoner  fighting  on  the  English 
side. J  At  the  Court  of  Claims  in  1700,  (Jeorge 
Butler  claimed  an  estate  tail  in  Ballyraggett,  County 
of  Kilkenny,  forfeited  by  Edmund  Butler ;  he  also 
sought  and  was  allowed  a  remainder  in  tail  in  Cranagh, 
County  of  Kilkenny,  forfeited  by  Edward  Butler ;  as 
did  James  Butler  a  similar  remainder  in  Tipperary 
lands,  late  the  estate  of  James  Butler,  but  his  petition 
was  dismist.  Another  James  Butler,  a  merchant, 
claimed  the  absolute  fee  of  various  lands  in  the 
County  of  Carlow,  forfeited  by  Viscount  Galmoy. 
John  Butler,  as  surviving  devisee  and  Executor  of 
Colonel  Walter  Butler  of  Garryricken,  claimed  and 
was  allowed  a  mortgage  afiecting  Tipperary  lands  of 

*  Burke's  Peerage,  p.  434. 

t  Singers  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon. 

X  Rawdon  Papers,  p.  377. 


Lord  Dunboyne ;  and  Walter  Butler  petitioned  for 
and  was  allowed  mortgages  affecting  Lord  Galmoy's 
estates  in  the  County  of  Kilkenny  ;  while  Theobald 
Butler,  *CounseUor  at  Law'  was  a  claimant  on  lands 
forfeited  by  'the  late  Lord  Clare.' 

The  name  of  this  last  claimant  is  entitled  to  especial 
notice,  deeply  and  influentially  as  he  was  projected  in 
the  affairs  of  the  period.  He  was  the  advising  Counsel 
in  all  the  negotiations  for  the  Capitulation  of 
Limerick,  and  an  executing  party  to  the  Civil  Arti- 
cles. Accordingly,  when,  in  violation  of  these  Arti- 
cles, the  "Act  against  the  further  growth  of  Popery" 
was  devised,  he,  with  Sir  Stephen  Rice  and  Coun- 
sellor Malone,  appeared  at  the  Bar  of  the  Irish  House 
of  Commons,  to  protest  against  its  provisions,  as  a 
direct  attempt  to  infringe  on  one  or  other  of  these 
Articles,  which  he  held  in  his  hand,  presented  to  the 
House,  and  commented  upon  with  thrilling  but  inef- 
fective eloquence.*  He  was  buried  in  St.  James's 
Churchyard,  Dublin,  the  great  Catholic  burial-place 
at  that  time  and  long  subsequently  ;  where,  in  the 
centre  of  that  graveyard,  a  tall  monument  was 
erected,  with  a  large  mural  slab  inserted,  and  in- 
scribed with  his  commemoration. 

Sir  Piers  Butler,  the  fourth  Viscount  Ikerrin,  was 
knighted  and  constituted  a  member  of  King  James's 
Council,  for  which  distinctions  and  his  services  to 
that  monarch  he  was  attainted,   but  afterwards  ob- 

*  Dr.  Curry  gives  full  notes  of  his  argiunents,  Hist.  Rev.  vii. 
pp.  237, 386  to  397. 

galmoy's  horse.  105 

tained  a  reversal  thereof,  and  in  October,  1698,  took 
his  seat  in  the  House  of  Peers. 

The  Abbe  Geoghegan,  in  his  Histoire  de  Vlrelande^ 
acknowledges  that  the  accounts  which  he  gave  of  this 
campaign  were  amongst  other  sources  derived  from  a 
journal  left  by  the  late  Edmund  Butler  of  Kilcop, 
who  was  Marshal-General  of  the  Cavalry  of  Ireland, 
and  was  the  more  worthy  of  credence  as  he  had  him- 
self seen  what  he  wrote  of.  He  died,  adds  the  Abbe, 
in  1725,  at  Saint  Germain-en-Laye,  Field  Marshal  of 
the  Cavalry  in  the  French  service.  On  the  first 
formation  of  the  Irish  Brigades  in  France,  this  Ed- 
mund Butler  was  a  Major  in  what  was  styled  the 
*  King's  Regiment ;'  while  the  above  Lord  Galmoy 
was  Colonel  of  the  '  Queen's  Own.'  Rene  de  Came, 
a  Frenchman,  was  his  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  James 
Tobin  his  Major.  This  latter  Regiment  comprised 
two  squadrons,  four  companies,  six  Lieutenants,  and 
six  Comets.  For  the  services  of  this  Brigade  on  the 
Continent  in  1701,  and  the  succeeding  years,  see 
notices  ante^  page  24,  &c.,  at  Berwick's,  with  which  this 
co-operated.  In  the  movements  of  the  Italian  cam- 
paigns of  1703  and  1706,  Galmo/s  Regiment  was 
likewise  distinguished.*  In  1715,  it  was  drafted 
into  Dillon's. 

At  the  battle  of  Lauffield  in  1747,  Piers  Butler,  a 
Lieutenant  in  Lally's  Brigade,  was  badly  wounded ; 
while  another  Piers  Butler,  in  Bulkeley's,  was  taken 

•  See  O'Conor's  Military  Memoirs,  p.  234,  &c. 
t  Gent.  Mag.  ad  ann,  p.  377. 



The  O'Dempseys  were  Chiefs  of  Clan-MaoUughra 
(Glenmalira)  a  territory  extending  over  part  of  the 
King's  and  Queen's  Counties  ;  and,  on  the  Chancery 
RoUs  after  the  English  invasion,  are  recorded  sundry 
licenses  and  mandates  to  the  Lords-Lieutenant  of  Ire- 
land, to  treat  and  parley  with  the  sept  of  '  CDymsy.' 
When  Edward  the  Second  meditated  his  invasion 
of  Scotland  in  1314,  he  directed  a  special  letter  mis- 
sive to  '  Fyn   O'Dymsy,'  for  his  aid. Necessarily 

passing  over  remoter  annals  of  this  powerful  Irish 
sept,  it  appears  that  in  1615,  James  the  First 
directed  a  surrender  to  be  received  from  Terence 
O'Dempsey  of  premises  in  the  King's  and  Queen's 
Counties,  with  the  object  of  regranting  same  to  him 
in  tail  male,  remainder  in  tail  male  to  Dermot  Mac 
Hugh  O'Dempsey,  reversion  still  in  the  Crown.  The 
Clan  continued  Lords  of  this  their  recognised  terri- 
tory until  the  attainders  of  1641  and  1688  shook 
them  from  their  inheritance.  Those  denounced  on 
the  former  occasion  were  Lewis  Dempsey  of  Baskets- 
town,  Robert  of  Ballybeg,  James  of  Tully  (Clerk), 
Dominick  also  of  Tully,  Edmund  '  Dempsie'  of  Kil- 
dare,  and  Henry  Dempsy  of  Ballybrittas,  all  in  the 
County  of  Kildare. 

In  the  Assembly  of  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kil- 
kenny,  in    1646,    Edmund   O'Dempsey,    Bishop   of 

galmoy's  horse.    -  107 

Leighlin,  was  of  the  Spiritual  Peers ;  while  of  the 
Temporal  was  Lewis  O'Dempsey,  Viscount  '  Clanma- 
lier  ;'  and  Barnabas  Dempsey  of  Clonehork  was  of  the 
Commons.  Cromwell's  Act  of  1652  excepted  the 
above  Viscount  Lewis,  as  also  Lysagh  O'Dempsey  of 
the  King's  County,  from  pardon  for  life  and  estate  ; 
and  the  Declaration  of  Boyal  Gratitude,  promulgated 
in  the  Act  of  Settlement  (1662),  includes  only  an 
*  Ensign  Phelim  Dempsey.'  In  the  List  of  Pensions 
on  the  Irish  establishment,  1687-8,  appear  the  names 
of  Mrs.  Anne  Dempsey  for  £150,  and  of  Mr.  James 
Dempsey  for  £50  per  annum. 

Besides  Colonel  Laurence  Dempsey,  Thomas  Demp- 
sey is  in  this  Army  List  a  Lieutenant  in  Sarsfield's 
Horse ;  while  two  other  Colonels  of  the  name  were  in 
the  service,  though  not  in  this  List,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Francis  Dempsey  (of  whom  hereafter),  and  Colonel 
James  ;  of  which  latter  the  Earl  of  Clarendon  writes 
to  Rochester,  in  January,  1685  : — "The  Providence 
is  cast  away  upon  the  coast  of  Carlingford,  and  but 
one  man  of  all  the  Company  saved.  In  her  were 
Colonel  Dempsey's  horses  and  servants,  and  all  his 
goods,  which,  I  doubt,  will  almost  undo  the  poor 
man.''*  And  again  writes  the  same  Earl : — "  I  have 
known  him  for  many  years,  and  always  for  a  man  of 
honour,  and  a  good  oflScer  ;  and  I  do  not  in  the  least 
doubt  his  integrity  and  sincerity."!     In  the  ensuing 

*  Singers  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  214. 
t  Idem,  V.  2,  p.    130. 


April,  this  Colonel  himself  arrived  in  Ireland.*  His 
name  will  be  found  included  in  the  subsequent  extract 
of  1688  outlawries. 

King  James's  Charters  of  1687  have  Charies 
Dempsey  a  burgess  in  that  to  Kildare,  and  James 
Dempsey,  the  Colonel,  in  that  to  Athy.  In  his  Par- 
liament of  1689  sat  Maximilian  O'Dempsey,  then 
Viscount  Clanmalier,  the  Great-grandson  of  Sir 
Terence  O'Dempsey,  who  was  knighted  in  May,  1599, 
by  Robert  Devereux,  Earl  of  Essex,  Lord  Lieu- 
tenant of  Ireland;  he  was  in  1631  created  Baron 
of  Philipstown  and  Viscount  Clanmalier,  and  died  in 
the  following  year.  His  son  and  heir,  Anthony ,f  was 
the  father  of  Lewis,  above  mentioned,  who  also  died 
in  1 683,  when  Maximilian,  the  Peer  of  King  James's 
parliament  succeeded.  This  Sovereign  constituted 
him  Lord  Lieutenant  of  the  Queen's  County. 

On  Sunday,  the  22nd  June,  1690,  (eight  days 
previous  to  the  battle  of  the  Boyne),  King  James 
gained  what  was  construed  an  omen  of  success,  in  a 
skirmish  with  a  detachment  of  his  Royal  rival's  forces, 
which  had  been  despatched  to  reconnoitre  what  lines 
of  march  would  be  most  advisable  for  King  William's 
advance  ;  and,  *'  it  being  observed,"  say  the  Royal 
Memoirs,  "  that  every  night  the  latter  sent  a  party 
to  a  pass  called  the  Half-way  Bridge,  to  press  a  guard 
of  Horse  and  Dragoons  which  King  James  had  there 
between  Dundalk  and  Newry,  this  King  ordered  out 

*  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  341. 
t  Crossley's  Peerage,  p.  115. 

galmoy'3  horse.  109 

a  party  of  Horse  and  Foot,  under  the  command  of 
Colonel  Dempsey  and  Lieutenant-Colonel  Fitz-gerald, 
to  lie  in  ambuscade,  and  if  possible  to  surprise  them ; 
which  was  performed  with  such  success,  that  the 
enemy's  force  of  200  Foot  and  60  Dragoons  fell  into  it 
at  break  of  day,  and  were  most  of  them  cut  off ;  the 
four  captains  that  commanded  and  most  of  the  sub- 
alterns being  either  killed  or  taken  prisoners,  with 
the  loss  of  a  few  common  men.  On  the  King's  side, 
only  Colonel  Dempsey  himself  was  wounded ;  but  he 
died  in  two  or  three  days  after."  His  namesake. 
Viscount  Maximilian,  died  in  the  same  year  with  the 
Colonel,  S.  P.,  as  did  his  widow  (who  had  been  one  of 
the  co-heiresses  of  John  Bermingham  of  Dunfiert) 
within  a  few  years  after. — Lieutenant  Colonel  Francis 
distinguished  himself  in  the  defence  of  Limerick, 
where,  in  the  last  days  of  the  siege  (22nd  Sept. 
1691),  he,  together  with  Lieutenant-Colonel  Edward 
Hurley  and  Major  Matthew  French,  was  taken 
prisoner,  as  was  also  Colonel  James  Skelton,  who 
died  soon  aft«r  of  his  wounds.*  The  outlawries  of 
1691  exhibit  the  names  of  Laurence  Dempsey  of 
Drynanstown,  County  of  Kildare,  and  Colonel  James 
'  Dempsy  '  of  Moone,  in  said  County  ;  the  latter  for- 
feited a  moiety  of  the  manor  of  Moone  therein,  and 
upwards  of  300  acres  in  the  Barony  of  Moydow, 
County  of  Longford.  He  also  lost  on  his  attainder 
certain  interests  in  Meath,  off  which  his  widow,  Ho- 
nora  Dempsey,  and  his  daughter  Mary  sought  respec- 

*  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  2,  p.  225. 

110  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

tively  jointure  and  portion  at  the  Court  of  Claims,  but 
both  their  petitions  were  dismist.  Dr.  Mac  Dermott, 
in  his  notes  on  the  Four  Masters  (Geraghty's  Edition, 
p.  248),  suggests  that  Terence  O'Dempsey  of  this 
family  settled  in  Cheshire,  and  died  in  1769,  leaving 
issue  still  extant  in  or  about  Liverpool. — William 
Dempsey,  '  a  Roman  Catholic,'  one  of  the  state  prison- 
ers in  the  service  of  Prince  Charles-Edward,  was 
executed  at  York  in  1746.* 


One  of  the  Knights  who  accompanied  the  Conqueror 
into  England  was  Le  Sieur  de  Barneville, 

Barneville  et  Berners, 

Cheyne  et  Chalers, 
as  old  Bromton  quaintly  links  the  Roll  of  that  warlike 
importation.  The  family  was  early  distinguished  in 
the  Crusades,  and  extended  itself  over  large  pos- 
sessions in  England.  At  the  commencement  of  the 
thirteenth  century,  Ulfran  de  Barneville  obtained 
estates  in  '  the  Vale  of  Dublin,'  which  his  posterity 
held  until  the  reign  of  James  the  First,  when  they 
were  granted  principally  to  Adam  Loftus.  In  the 
previous  annals  of  the  Pale,  this  family  was  much 
projected  ;  members  of  the  name  were  frequently  sum- 
moned  to  Parliaments  and  Great  Councils,  and  were 

*  Gent.  Mag.  v.  16,  p.  614. 

galmoy's  horse.  hi 

sdected  for  the  highest  judicial  situations.  In  1435, 
Christopher  Bamewall  of  Crickstown  was  appointed 
Chief  Justice  of  the  King's  Bench  in  Irelwid,  (his 
mother  was  daughter  of  the  celebrated  Lord  Fumi- 
val).  In  1461,  Nicholas  Bamewall  was  appointed 
Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas ;  he  was  the  lineal 
ancestor  of  the  present  Sir  Reginald  Aylmer  Barnewall, 
and  brother  to  Robert  Barnewall,  who  in  the  follow- 
ing year  was  constituted  a  Lord  of  Parliament  by 
the  above  title,  Baron  of  Trimleston,  to  hold  said 
dignity  in  tail  male.  In  1487,  Christopher,  the 
second  Lord,  was  one  of  the  Irish  magnates  who, 
deceived  by  the  pretensions  of  Lambert  Simnel,  as- 
sisted  at  his  coronation  in  Christ  Church,  Dublin  ;  but 
soon  after,  on  unreserved  submission,  he  received  his 
pardon.  In  1504,  this  Lord,  under  the  command  of 
the  Earl  of  Kildare,  then  Lord  Deputy  of  Ireland, 
defeated  the  Lord  of  Thomond,  Ulick  Burke,  O'Carrol, 
and  others  of  their  party  at  the  great  battle  of  Knock- 
tow,  near  Galway.*  In  1534,  John,  the  third  Baron 
of  Trimlestown,  was  raised  to  the  woolsack  ;  and  three 
years  afl«r  was  selected  to  open  a  parley  with  O'Neill, 
on  which  occasion  he  succeeded  in  making  peace. 

In  1563,  and  for  years  after.  Sir  Christopher 
Bamewall  of  Turvey  was  the  popular  leader  of  the 
Irish  Parliament ;  he  died  at  Turvey  in  1575, 
"the  lamp  and  light  as  well  of  his  house  as  of 
that  part  of  Ireland  wherein  he  dwelt ;  zealously 
bent  to  the  reformation  of  his  country  ;  measuring," 

*  D' Alton  s  Droghcda,  v.  2,  p.  181. 


adds  the   record,    "  all  his   affairs   with   the   safety 
of  conscience,   as  true  as  steel,   close  and  secret, 
fast  to  his  friend,  stout  in  a  good  quarrel,  a  great 
householder,  sparing  without  pinching,  spending  with- 
out wasting,  of  nature  mild,  rather  choosing  to  plea- 
sure  where  he  might  harm,  than  willing  to  harm  where 
he  might  pleasure."*     Within  the  old  church  of  Lusk, 
near  the  family   mansion  of  Turvey,  stood  a  noble 
monument  commemorative  of  him  and  his  Lady,  who 
afterwards   married   Sir  Lucas   Dillon   of  Moymet, 
County  of  Meath.     The  tomb  was  erected  in  a  section 
of  the  religious  house,  which,  since  the  Reformation, 
was  appropriated  for  the  service  of  the  Established 
Church.      Sir    Christopher    is    represented    on   the 
monument  in  a  rich  suit  of  armour,  his  head  bare, 
and  his  hands  joined  over  his  breast  in  a  devotion- 
al posture,  his  feet  resting  on  the  body  of  a  grey- 
hound.    His  Lady  lies  beside  him,  her  cap  round, 
her  ruffles  high,  her  gown  thickly  plaited  round  the 
waist,  puffed  on  the  shoulders,  and  richly  embroidered; 
her  petticoat  is  designed  as  of  cloth  of  gold,  and  from 
her  girdle  hangs  a  chain  of  superior  workmanship, 
to  which  is  appended  a  scapular  two  inches  square  ; 
at  her  feet,   which  can  scarcely  be  distinguished,  is 
placed  a  lapdog.     Her  hands,  like  those  of  her  bus- 
band,  are  crossed  devoutly  on  her  bosom,  and  the 
head  of  each  reposes  on  an  embroidered  pillow  :  the 
sides  are  sculptured  with  armorials  of  the  Dillons  and 

*  Annals  of  the  Four  Masters. 

galmoy's  horse.  118 

BamewaJls.*  The  whole  of  this  fine  piece  of  sculp- 
ture was  smothered  up  since  the  Refonnation,  by  the 
steps  and  platform  into  a  pulpit,  which  rested  on  the 
&ce  of  the  monument,  and  were  so  when  the  work 
cited  below  was  drawn  up.  A  new  church  has  been 
since  erected,  and  the  monument  now  stands  relieved 
of  the  disfiguring  woodwork,  outside  the  walls  of  the 
new  edifice,  but  perhaps  not  less  exposed  to  mutilation 
and  decay. 

In  the  Parliament  convened  by  Sir  John  Perrot, 
which  the  native  chiefe  were  first  invited  to  attend, 
Lord  Trimleston  sat  as  a  Baron,  while  John  Bamewall 
was  one  of  the  Representatives  for  Drogheda,  Robert 
Barnewall  for  Ardee,  and  Richard  Bamewall  for  the 
County  of  Meath.  In  1605,  Sir  Patrick  Bamewall, 
the  active  agent  of  the  Recusants,  was,  on  account  of 
his  zeal  in  their  service,  sent  over  to  London,  and 
committed  to  the  Tower.f  At  the  hill  of  Crofty, 
where  the  Civil  war  of  1641  first  broke  out,  on  the 
summons  of  Lord  Gormanston,  who  had  taken  an 
active  part  in  the  politics  of  the  day.  Lord  Trimleston, 
five  other  Peers  of  the  Pale,  Sir  Patrick  Barnewall, 
and  Patrick  Bamewall  of  Kilbrae,  with  one  thousand 
others  of  its  leading  gentry,  were,  according  to 
a  preconcerted  arrangement,  there  met  by  Roger 
Moore  and  others,  the  leaders  of  the  Ulster  move- 
ment, attended  by  a  detachment  of  their  forces ;  when 
an  interesting  parley  took  place,  which  may  be  seen 
as  below  referred  to.J      It  was  then  that,  affecting  a 

•  D'Alton's  Co.  Dub.  p.  415.  f  Idem,  p.  306. 

t  D'Alton's  Hist.  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  457. 


114  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

show  of  confidence  in  these  Palesmen,  the  Lords  Just- 
ices and  Council  directed  a  commission  for  the 
government  of  the  County  of  Dublin,  to  Nicholas 
Bamewall,  who  was  of  the  Turvey  line,  and  repre- 
sented that  County  in  the  Parliament  of  1639. 

On  the  attainders  of  1642,  are  the  names  of  Mat- 
thew Bamewall  of  Bremore,  County  of  Dublin  ;  Sir 
Richard  Bamewall  and  Christopher  Bamewall  of 
Creekstown,  County  of  Meath  ;  William  of  Stephens- 
town  ;  George  of  Seneschalstown,  County  of  Wicklow ; 
Richard  and  Francis  of  Lis^wbel,  County  of  Dublin  ; 
Andrew  Bamewall  of  Lusk,  Andrew  of  Kilbrue, 
Richard  of  Trimlestown,  Simon  of  Cooledarry,  Rich- 
ard and  Robert  of  Rossetown,  James  of  Rathregan, 
George  of  Spracklestown,  County  of  Meath,  and 
Gerald  of  Robertstown,  ditto.  Amongst  the  Con- 
federates of  Kilkenny  in  1646  were  George  Bame- 
wall of  Creekstown,  Henry  Bamewall  of  Castle- 
rickard,  James  and  Sir  Richard  Bamewall  of  Creeks- 
town. This  last  was  denounced  by  Cromwell's  Act 
of  1652,  and  transplanted  into  Connaught ;  but  the 
Act  of  Settlement  provided  for  the  restoration  of  his 
estates,  as  also  for  those  of  Lord  Trimleston,  who  had 
been  likewise  denounced  by  Cromwell.  These  two 
Baraewalls  were  included  in  the  Royal  Thanks'  clause 
of  that  statute. 

In  King  James's  Charters,  John  Bamewall  was 
named  Recorder  of  Dublin,  Matthew  Bamewall  one 
of  its  Aldermen,  and  Nicholas  a  Burgess.  Richard 
was  a  Burgess  in  that  to  Carysfort ;  while  in  that 

oalmoy's  horse.  115 

to  Swords,  Lord  Kingslainl  headed  tlie  Koll,  and 
Robert,  Richard,  James,  and  Nicholas  Barnewall 
were  named  Burgesses.  Loi-d  Trimleston  was  at 
the  head  of  the  Municipal  Roll  of  Trim,  on  which 
Francis  and  Nicholas  Barnewall  were  subsequently 
named  Burgesses.  In  that  to  Kells,  Francis  Barne- 
wall was  a  Burgess,  and  James  in  that  to  Mary- 
borough. These  two  Lords,  Trimleston  and  Kings- 
land,  sat  amongst  the  Peers  in  the  Parliament  of 
1689  ;  while  in  the  Commons,  Francis  Barnewall  of 
Woodpark,  County  of  Meath,  was  one  of  the  Repre- 
sentatives of  the  Borough  of  Swords  ;  as  was  Sir 
Patrick  Barnewall  one  for  the  County  of  Meath.  In 
the  Pension  List  of  1687-8,  the  name  of  Lonl  Trim- 
leston appears  for  a  pension  of  £100  per  annum, 
which  may  explain  the  occurrence  of  this  represent- 
ative of  so  ancient  a  family  being  but  a  Captain  in 
the  Regiment.  In  the  Royal  Infantry,  William 
Fitz-William  Barnewall  was  a  Lieutenant,  while  Ro- 
bert Barnewall  was  an  Ensign.  In  FitzJames's, 
James  Barnewall  was  a  Lieutenant ;  in  the  Earl  of 
Westmeath's,  Miles  was  an  Ensign  ;  and  in  Tyi-con- 
nel's,  as  shown  before,  George  and  Nicholas  Barnewall 
were  Lieutenants.  At  the  siege  of  Derry,  a  Captain 
and  an  Ensign  Barnewall  were  killed.* 

The  attainders  of  1691  include  Matthew,  I^)rd 
Trimleston,  by  three  Inquisitions,  one  in  Meath  and 
two  in  Kildare  ;  Patrick  and  Richard  Barnewall  of 
Newcastle,  County  of  Meath  ;  Matthew  of  Archers- 

♦  Walker's  Derry,  p.  61. 

1  2 


town  and  Cruiserath  ;  Henry  of  Kilmainham, 
Dominick  and  Sylvester  of  Arrolstown,  Christopher 
of  Portlester  and  Moylough,  Bartholomew  and  Patrick 
of  Crickstown,  Simon  and  Patrick  of  Kilbrue,  Nicholas 
of  Begstown,  James  of  Dunbro',  George  Bamewall 
(son  of  the  Countess  Dowager  of  Fingal)  of  Westown ; 
John  of  Dublin,  Knight ;  Robert  Bamewall  of  Dublin, 
Alderman ;  Nicholas  Bamewall  of  Dublin,  merchant ; 
and  George  of  Rathesker,  County  of  Louth. 

At  the  Court  of  Claims,  Bridget  Bamewall  claimed 
a  rent-charge  on  Trimlestown  ;  Thomasina  Bamewall, 
alias  Preston,  claimed  an  estate  in  fee  in  King's 
County  lands,  forfeited  by  Sir  John  Bamewall ;  Eliza 
Bamewall,  dower  off  all  the  lands  forfeited  by  Matthew 
Bamewall ;  Cicely  Bamewall,  alias  Hussey,  widow, 
jointure  off  forfeitures  of  Dominick  Bamewall.  On  the 
latter  forfeitures,  John  Bamewall  claimed  interests  on 
behalf  of  himself  and  five  children  of  his  second 
brother ;  his  claims  were,  however,  dismist ;  while 
John  Bamewall,  "  called  Lord  Trimleston,"  claimed 
and  was  allowed  a  remainder  in  tail  on  Trimlestown, 
forfeited  by  Matthias,  Lord  Trimlestown,  subject  to  a 
claim  of  Mary  Bamewall  for  a  portion. 

On  the  formation  of  the  Irish  Brigade  in  France, 
Alexander  Bamewall  was  constituted  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  in  Lord  Clare's  *  Queen's  Dismounted  Dra- 
goons,' *  while,  about  the  same  time.  Lord  Tiimleston 
had  three  sons  in  foreign  service,  Thomas  in  France, 
James  in   Spain,    and    Anthony,    who    went    into 

*  O^Conor^s  Military  Memoirs,  p.  198. 

galmot's  horse.  117 

Germany  at  the  age  of  seventeen,  in  General  Hamil- 
ton's Regiment  of  Cuirassiers.  He  was  engaged  in 
every  battle  against  the  Turks  until  cut  down  at  the 
battle  of  Critzka  in  1739. 

In  1745,  amongst  the  adherents  of  the  Stuart 
dynasty,  who  were  crossing  the  sea  for  the  expedition 
into  Scotland,  Lieutenant  George  Bamewall,  of 
Berwick's  Regiment,  was  taken  prisoner  off  Montrose, 
on  board  the  *  Louis  the  Fifteenth,'  by  the  *  Milford ;' 
as  was  another  Lieutenant  Bamewall  on  board  the 
Charit^,  in  1746.  Lieutenants  William,  Edward, 
and  Basil  Bamewall  were  also  captured  at  sea,  being 
enrolled  in  the  same  service.  At  the  battle  of  Lauf- 
field,  in  1747,  Captain  Bryan  Bamewall,  being  then 
in  Clare's  Regiment,  was  killed ;  while  in  Berwick's, 
Captains  Edward  and  Thomas  Bamewall  were  badly 
wounded.*  In  1795,  Lord  Trimleston,  father  of  the 
present  Peer,  obtained  an  absolute  reversal  of  the  out- 
lawry which  affected  the  title  in  his  line. 


Tms  young  officer  was,  as  particularly  noted  in  Mr. 
O'Callaghan's  ably  edited  Exddium  Macarioe^  the 
son  and  heir  of  Colonel  Charles  O'Kelly  of  Screen, 
County  of  Galway,  the  author  of  that  work.  That 
fisither  was  the  eldest  son  of  John  O'Kelly,  bom  in 
1621,  educated  at  St.  Omer ;  and  when,  in  twenty 

*  G«nt.  Mag.,  ad  ann.j  p.  377. 


years  after,  the  great  Civil  war  broke  out,  he  was 
called  over  to  Ireland  to  support  the  Royal  cause,  he, 
by  his  services  on  that  momentous  occasion,  so 
deeply  incurred  the  odium  and  hostility  of  the  usurp- 
ing power,  that  in  prudence  he  expatriated  himself 
to  Spain,bringing  with  him  thither  two  thousand  of  his 
countrymen.  In  that  country  he  for  a  time  served 
the  interest  of  Charles  the  Second,  whom  he  after- 
wards followed  to  France,  where  a  Kegiment  was 
formed  chiefly  of  his  own  officers  and  Irish  soldiers, 
and  which  he  was  commissioned  to  command.  Thence 
he  returned  to  Spain,  on  Charles  being  obliged  to  seek 
protection  there  ;  and  remained  in  the  latter  country 
until  the  Restoration,  when  he  came  to  live  in 
England.  In  1674,  on  the  death  of  his  father,  (said 
John  O'Kelly)  he  succeeded  to  the  family  estate  of 
Screen.  In  the  new  Charter  of  1687,  granted  to 
Athlone  by  James  the  Second,  this  Charles  O'Kelly 
was  nominated  one  of  the  Burgesses  ;  and,  in  the 
Parliament  of  1689,  he  sat  as  one  of  the  members  for 
the  County  of  Roscommon.  In  the  summer  of  that 
year,  he  was  commissioned  to  raise  a  Regiment  of  In- 
fantry for  King  James,  to  be  commanded  by  himself, 
with  his  brother  John,  (who  was  at  the  same  time  one 
of  the  Representatives  of  the  Borough  of  Roscommon) 
as  his  Lieutenant-Colonel.  His  Regiment  does  not 
appear  in  this  Army  List,  nor  was  it  long  kept  up  ; 
but  Colonel  Charles's  eldest  son,  the  above  Denis,  was 
transferred  to  Lord  Galmoy's  Horse,  as  above.  When 
affairs  in  Ulster  wei^e  beginning  to  wear  an  untoward 

galmoy's  horse.  119 

aspect,  Colonel  Charles,  though  then  sixty-eight  years 
of  age,  was  selected  by  Brigadier  Sarsfield  to  oppose 
the  enemy  in  Connaught,  with  such  force  of  the 
country  militia  as  he  could  collect.  With  this  object, 
he  advanced  to  Boyle,  but  was  there  overthrown  with 
considerable  loss  by  Colonel  Thomas  Lloyd,  popularly 
styled  "  the  little  Cromwell."  Story  says,*  that  the 
Colonel  was  here  taken  prisoner,  "  with  forty  more 
officers  and  a  body  of  about  8,000  cattle."  From 
that  period  certainly  no  mention  is  made  of  him  or 
any  of  his  family,  until  the  battle  of  Aughrim,  where 
the  horse  of  this  Captain  Denis  was  shot  under  him. 
After  the  surrender  of  Galway,  when  the  attention  of 
King  William's  Brigadier  was  directed  to  the  Isle  of 
Boffin,  then  held  with  a  garrison  for  King  James  by 
Colonel  Timothy  Reyrdon  (O'Rierdon)  as  its  go- 
vernor, and  its  capitulation  was  necessitated,  one  of 
the  articles  prescribed  that  Lieutenant-Colonel  John 
Kelly,  and  all  the  inhabitants  of  said  island,  shall 
possess  and  enjoy  their  estates,  as  held  under  the  Act 
of  Settlement ;  and  the  said  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and 
Captain  Richard  Martin,  were  given  as  sureties  for 
the  due  ratification  thereof.  After  its  surrender  he 
retired  to  his  family  residence,  where  he  devoted  his 
remaining  years  to  literature  and  religion,  his  first 
patriotic  labour  having  been  the  Excidiu7n  Macarice^ 
often  cited  herein.  The  family  estates  of  this  branch 
of  the  O'Kellys  were  secured  by  the  Treaty  of  Lime- 
rick ;  and  consequently,  on  the  death  of  the  Colonel, 

*  Impartial  History,  part  1,  p.  25. 

120  KINO  James's  irish  army  list. 

which  took  place  in  1695,  Captain  Denis  succeeded 
to  it.  Under  a  suspicion  of  being  concerned  in  a  plot 
to  restore  the  House  of  Stuart,  he  was  committed  to 
the  Tower  in  1722  ;  but,  by  an  order  of  Council,  was 
admitted  to  bail  in  the  following  year  ;  and,  appear- 
ing upon  his  recognizance  within  a  few  months  after, 
was  fully  discharged.  He  had  married  in  1702  Lady 
Mary  Bellew,  daughter  of  Lord  Bellew  and  niece  to 
Lord  Strafford,  by  whom  he  had  a  son,  Thomas 
O'Kelly,  born  in  1704  ;  and  daughters.  This  son 
died  in  1704.  His  father  survived  to  1740,  when 
with  him  the  male  line  of  Colonel  O'Kelly  became 
extinct.  Denis  Henry  Kelly  of  Castle  Kelly  is  the 
lineal  male  descendant  of  John  O'Kelly,  before  men- 
tioned as  having  been  the  brother  of  Colonel  Charles. 

Amongst  the  O'Kellys  attainted  in  1642  were 
William  O'Kelly  of  Adamstown,  and  Shaun  O'Kelly 
of  Ballaghmoon,  County  of  Kildare  ;  John  Kelly  of 
Trimbleston,  Richard  of  Pasloeston,  Matthew  and 
James  of  Lusk,  Bartholomew  Kelly  and  James  Kelly 
the  younger  of  Lusk,  Thomas  O'Kelly  of  Ballyowen, 
in  the  County  of  Dublin,  and  William  Kelly  of 
Allenstown,  County  of  Meath. — Of  the  Confederate 
Catholics  at  Kilkenny,  were  Daniel  O'Kelly  of  Colan- 
geere  and  John  O'Kelly  styled  of  Corbeg. 

The  Act  of  Settlement  provided  that  Colonel  John 
Kelly  of  Serine  should  be  restored  to  his  estate  ;  and 
the  clause  declaratory  of  Royal  gratitude  for  services 
beyond  the  seas,  includes  the  names  of  Ensign  Kelly 
and  Captain  Charles  Kelly  of  Serine. 

galmoy's  horse.  121 

In  1686,  John  O'KeUy  of  Clonlyon,  the  before- 
mentioned  brother  of  Colonel  Charles  (ancestor  of  the 
Castle  Kelly  line,  as  well  as  of  that  which  settled  in 
France,  known  as  Counts  O'Kelly  Farrell),  was  She- 
riff of  Galway,  as  was  Edward  Kelly  of  Dublin  in 
the  following  year.  This  Edward  was  a  Burgess 
in  the  new  Charter  to  Dublin  ;  Robert  in  that  to 
Carlow ;  Colonel  Charles,  Laurence,  and  Edmund 
OTCelly  were  Burgesses  in  that  to  Athlone ;  while 
Thomas  O'Kelly  was  Bailiff  therein  ;  John  was  a 
Burgess  in  that  to  Tuam,  Denis  in  that  to  Athenry, 
Daniel  in  Boyle,  Hugh  in  Castlebar  ;  and  in  that  to 
Roscommon,  Charles,  John,  Edmund,  and  Hugh  Kelly 
were  Burgesses ;  the  Milesian  *  0'  being  omitted 
in  many  instances. 

On  the  present  Army  List,  besides  Captain  Denis 
Kelly  in  this  Regiment,  John  Kelly  was  Quarter- 
Master  to  Lord  Galmoy's  own  troop  therein  ;  Bryan 
Kelly  was  Lieutenant  in  Colonel  Henry  Luttrell's 
Horse  ;  Thomas  Kelly  a  Comet  in  Lord  Dongan's 
Dragoons ;  Constant  Kelly  a  Quarter-Master  in  the 
Regiment  of  Sir  Neill  O'NeiU.  In  the  Earl  of 
Chuiricarde's  Infantry,  Teigue  O'Kelly  was  Lieute- 
nant, and  Bryan  and  William  Kelly  Ensigns.  In 
Lord  Galway's  Foot,  William  Kelly  was  a  Lieutenant. 
In  Lord  Slane's,  Richard  Kelly  was  a  Captain  ;  Mau- 
rice Kelly  was  a  Lieutenant  in  Sir  Maurice  Eustace's. 
In  Lord  Boffin's,  Hugh  Kelly  was  an  Ensign.  In 
Colonel  O'Gara's,  Daniel  and  John  Kelly  were  Cap- 
tains, and  another  Daniel  Kelly  an  Ensign.     In  Sir 

122  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

Michael  Creagh's,  George  Kelly  was  an  Ensign  ;  as 
was  Hugh  Kelly  in  Colonel  Reward  Oxburgh's.  A 
Lieutenant  Kelly  was  killed  at  the  siege  of  Derry  ;* 
and  in  the  list  of  general  and  field  officers  taken  at 
the  battle  of  Aughrim,  a  Major  Kelly  is  particularly 

The  attainders  of  1691  comprise  John  Kelly  of 
Athlone,  Laurence  of  Dunavally,  Charles  and  John 
of  Athlone,  Edward  of  Athlone,  merchant ;  Thomas  of 
Clonbrush ;  Hubert  of  Waterstown,  County  of  Car- 
low  ;  Constantine  of  Old  Leighlin,  County  of  Carlow  ; 
Nicholas  of  Gowran,  County  of  Kilkenny  ;  Garrett 
of  Cadamstown,  County  of  Kildare,  and  of  Ross, 
County  of  Wexford  ;  Patrick  O'Kelly  of  the  County 
of  Down  ;  Hugh  Kelly  of  Drumballyryny,  ditto ; 
Thaddeus  O'Kelly  of  Bolies,  ditto  ;  William  Kelly  of 
Coolenbrack,  Queen's  County  ;  Terence  and  Thomas 
of  Ballyrahin,  ditto  ;  John  and  Dominick  Kelly  of 
Gort ;  Loughlin  Kelly  of  Ardgool,  County  of  Mayo, 
clerk ;  Bryan  Kelly  of  the  County  of  Galway ;  Oli- 
ver of  Fidane,  ditto ;  Philip  Kelly  of  Waterford  ; 
Laurence  Kelly  of  the  County  of  Roscommon  ;  Far- 
gus  Kelly  of  ditto  ;  and  James  Kelly  of  the  County 
of  Galway. 

At  the  Court  of  Claims,  in  1700,  Timothy  Kelly 
claimed  a  fee  in  County  of  Roscommon  lands,  forfeited 
by  Hugh  Kelly, — dismist ;  John  Kelly  petitioned 
for  a  leasehold  interest  in  the  County  of  Galway,  for- 

♦  Walker's  Derry,  p.  60. 

t  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  2,  p.  137. 

galmot's  horse.  123 

feited  by  the  Earl  of  Clanricarde, — dismist ;  William 
Kelly  and  Clare  his  wife  sought  to  recover  a  jointure 
off  lands  in  the  Counties  of  Galway  and  Roscommon, 
forfeited  by  Laurence  Kelly, — dismist ;  while  in  the 
latter  lands  Francis  and  Margaret '  Kelley,'  minors, 
claimed  by  their  guardians  certain  remainders, — dis- 
allowed.  Mary  Kelly  claimed  and  was  allowed  her 
jointure  off  Roscommon  lands  forfeited  by  Fargus 
Kelly.  Denis  Kelly  claimed  a  leasehold  in  County 
of  Roscommon  lands, — disallowed.  Edmund  Kelly,  as 
son,  heir,  and  administrator  of  Colonel  Edmund  Kelly, 
claimed  and  was  allowed  a  freehold  in  County  of 
Galway  lands  forfeited  by  Lord  Viscount  Galmoy. 
John  Kelly,  Junior,  by  John  Kelly  his  father,  sought 
a  remainder  for  years  in  Roscommon  lands  forfeited 
by  Loughlin  Kelly  ;  while  John,  son  of  Daniel  Kelly, 
claimed  and  was  allowed  the  fee  of  said  lands.  Hugh 
Kelly  of  Cultraghbeg  claimed  the  fee  thereof,  forfeited 
by  Hugh  Kelly  of  Ballyforan  ;  but  his  petition  was 
dismissed.  Bryan  Kelly  claimed,  as  surviving  bro- 
ther of  Hugh  Kelly,  who  was  heir  of  Loughlen  Kelly, 
an  equity  of  redemption  affecting  Galway  lands  for- 
feited  by  John,  son  and  heir  of  Edmund  Kelly. 
Hugh  Kelly,  a  minor,  claimed  and  was  allowed  a 
remainder  in  tail  in  Galway  lands  forfeited  by  Hugh 
Kelly  of  Ballyforan  ;  while  Bryan  Kelly,  as  eldest 
son  of  said  Hugh,  claimed  and  was  allowed  an  estate 
tail  in  said  lands,  which  comprised  Ballyforan,  &c.; 
and  Mary  Kelly,  alias  Donnelan,  claimed  jointure  off 
Galway  lands  forfeited  by  Edmund  Kelly, — dismist. 


So  much  has  been  published  concerning  this  ancient 
Irish  sept  in  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  and  in  the  *  Hy 
Maine'  of  the  Irish  Archaeological  Society,  that  it 
would  not  be  justifiable  to  transfer  their  details  to 
these  pages.  It  may  be  remarked,  however,  that  the 
Chancery  Records  yet  fiirther  illustrate  the  annals, 
possessions,  and  lineage  of  this  family,  even  from  the 
year  (1314)  when  Edward  the  Second  directed  his 
special  missive  to  Gilbert  O'Kelly,  *I>uci  Hibemi- 
corum  de  O'Many.'*  Of  their  continental  reputation 
it  may  be  noticed  as  a  fragment,  that,  in  1699,  Wil- 
liam O'Kelly,  *  bom  in  the  parish  of  Aughrim,'obtained 
from  the  Emperor  Leopold  the  chairs  of  Philosophy, 
History,  and  Heraldry,  with  many  other  honours.f — 
In  1747,  Lieutenant  William  Kelly,  of  Lally's  Regi- 
ment,  was  one  of  the  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Lauf- 


This  officer  is  described  in  the  Inquisition  taken  on 
his  attainder  as  of  Painstown,  County  of  Carlow. 
George  Cooke,  a  Quarter-master  in  the  same  com- 
pany of  this  Regiment,  was,  it  may  be  presumed,  a 
relative  of  Matthew.  The  only  individual  of  the 
name  outlawed  in  1642,  was  Thomas  Cooke,  de- 
scribed as  *  of  Beldoyle.'  Other  Cookes,  projected  to 
notice  about  this  time,  were  John  Cooke,  a  Justice 

♦  Rymer  s  Foedera.  f  Ware's  Writers,  p.  287. 

GALMOT'fi  HORSE.  125 

of  the  Bench  during  the  Commonwealth ;  and  Colonel 
Creorge  Cooke,  whose  relict  and  children  the  Act  of 
Settlement  confirmed  in  their  estate.     It  also  saved 

the  right  of Cook,  an  infant,  *  grandchild  to 

Sir  John  Cook,'  in  lands  of  Feartry,  County  of  Wick- 
low.  In  King  James's  Charter  to  Carlow,  William 
Cook  was  a  Burgess,  as  was  Peter  Cook  in  that  to 
Fethard.  Amongst  those  attainted  in  1691  were 
Marcus  Cooke  of  Cradany,  the  above  Matthew  of 
PainstoWn,  County  of  Carlow,  and  John  Cooke  of 
Ballyhaurigan,  County  of  Kerry.  On  these  lands  of 
Painstown,  with  which  Lieutenant  Matthew  was  so 
connected,  William  Cooke  was  a  claimant  for  the  fee 
under  a  conveyance  of  1684,  witnessed  by  the  said 
Matthew,  and  of  which  the  late  proprietor  was  Dud- 
ley Bagnall.  His  claim  was  allowed,  as  was  also 
that  of  Thomas  Cooke  for  the  fee  of  forfeited  lands  in 
the  County  of  Cork. 


The  name  of  Gremon  appears  of  Irish  record  and 
history  from  a  very  early  period.  When  Edward 
Bruce  invaded  Ireland  in  1315,  Roger  Gemon  and 
John  Gemon  his  brother  were  of  the  King's  lieges 
who  vigorously  opposed  his  incursion.  Early  in  the 
reign  of  Edward  the  Third,  the  said  Roger  and  John, 
styled  of  Killingcoole,  were  summoned  to  attend  John 
D'Arcy,  the  Irish  Justiciary,  with  arms  and  horses  in 

126  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

his  expedition  to  Scotland  ;  the  latter  (John)  Ger- 
non  was  in  eight  years  after  (1344)  appointed  a 
Justice  of  the  Bench,  while  in  1374  Roger  (Jernon  was 
constituted  a  Baron  of  Parliament  by  writ.* 

The  George  Gernon  here  under  consideration  was, 
as  described  in  his  outlawry,  of  Dunany  in  the 
County  of  Louth,  a  locality  more  anciently  included 
in  Gemonstown  ;  and  was  also  seized  of  estates  in 
the  County  of  Roscommon,  the  fee  of  which  was 
claimed  before  the  Court  at  Chichester  House  in 
1703,  by  Edward  Gernon,  who  appears  to  have  been 
his  son.  George  Gernon  was  one  of  the  Catholics 
admitted  to  the  freedom  of  Drogheda  under  the  new 
Charter  of  1685.  In  that  to  Drogheda  Hugh  and 
Bartholomew  Gernon  were  Aldermen,  and  in  that  to 
Ardee  James  Gernon  was  named  Provost,  Hugh  Ger- 
non a  Burgess,  and  Thomas  Gernon  Town-clerk. 
Martin  Gernon  was  one  of  the  Burgesses  in  that  to 
Belfast.  Hugh,  the  Burgess  of  Ardee,  was  one  of  its 
Representatives  in  the  Parliament  of  1689. 

But  one  other  of  the  name  appears  on  this  Muster 
Roll,  a  John  Gernon,  who  also  was  a  Lieutenant  in 
Colonel  Cormuck  O'NeiU's  Infantry. 

The  outlawries  of  1691,  besides  that  of  Lieutenant 
George,  record  the  names  of  Nicholas  Gernon,  of  Ju- 
lianstown.  County  of  Meath,  who  died  at  the  close  of 
the  year  1689  ;t  Hugh  Gernon  of  Ardee  and  Killing, 
cool,  Thomas  Gernon  of  Dublin,   George^  as  *  son   of 

♦  Burke's  Ext.  Peer.  p.  708. 

t  Inqmsition,  3  Will.  &  Mary,  in  Cane.  Hib. 

galmoy's  horse.  127 

Roger'  G^mon  of  Dunany,  Bartholomew  of  Drogheda, 
Patrick  and  Edward  also  of  Dunany,  Richard  of  Sta- 
bannon,  Martin  of  Crookedstone,  and  Nicholas  of 
Clough,  County  of  Antrim.  The  greater  part  of  the 
Gernon  estates  were  granted  in  1694  to  Colonel 
Henry  Baker,  who  did  such  service  for  King  William 
at  Derry.  The  claims  at  Chichester  House  were, 
Patrick  Gemon's  for  a  remainder  in  tail  in  Killing- 
coole  and  other  Louth  lands  forfeited  by  Hugh 
Gremon  ;  and  his  claim  was  allowed  ;  Edward  Ger- 
non's  for  a  similar  remainder  in  Dromisken  and  other 
Louth  lands  forfeited  by  Nicholas  Gernon  ;  but  his 
claim  was  not  allowed.  The  above  Martin  Gernon 
of  Crookedstone  claimed  various  interests  affecting 
the  lands  of  Sir  Neill  O'Neill  in  Antrim  ; — petition 


O'DuGAN,  in  his  Topography  of  Ireland,  locates  the 
sept  of  O'Keamey  in  that  part  of  Meath  ( Westmeath) 
called  Teffia.  A  clan  of  the  name  is  placed  near 
Kinsale  in  the  County  of  Cork  on  Ortelius's  map, 
and  they  also  appear  to  have  been  territorial  in  the 
Baronies  of  Tulla  and  Bunratty,  County  of  Clare. 
The  elder  family  of  this  name,  those  of  Teffia,  took 
the  cognomen  of  Sionnach  (Fox),  by  which  English 
appellation  one  of  the  family  got  the  title  of  Baron 
of  Eilcoursey  in  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth.     In 


1095,  Carbrie  ^O'Kerny'  was  Bishop  of  Fems.  In 
1198,  Giolla  Criost  'O'Ceamey'  was  elected  Abbot  of 
Derrj-Columb-kille,  '  by  the  Chiefe  and  Clergy  of  the 
Nortii  of  Ireland;'  he  was  afterwards  appointed 
Bishop  of  Connor,  to  which  See  James  O'Kemy  was 
appointed  Bishop  in  1324.     In  1571,  a  John  Kemy 

is  remembered  as  one  who,  in  connection  with 

Walsh,  then  Chancellor  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral, 
Dublin,  first  introduced  Irish  types,  and  was  himself 
author  of  the  earliest  catechism  printed  in  that  lan- 
guage.    About  the  year  1601  he  died. 

This  Lieutenant  Patrick  appears,  from  an  ancient 
pedigree  in  the  Trinity  College  Collection  (F.  iii.  27), 
to  have  been  of  a  Tipperary  branch  of  this  family  ; 
thus  :  Daniel  Kearney  of  Ballyknock  in  that  County, 
in  the  middle  of  the  sixteenth  century,  married  Alice, 
daughter  of  William  Butler ;  his  grandson  Patrick 
Kearney  married  Ellen,  daughter  of  Teigue  *  Cur- 
rane'  of  Mohernan  in  the  same  County,  and  died  in 
1641  at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty.  His  son,  Brien 
Kearney,  whom  Patrick  survived,  left  two  sons, 
Donogh  and  Edmund  :  the  eldest,  Donogh,  married 
Alice,  daughter  of  Patrick  Comerford  of  Modeshill, 
in  the  same  County,  and  had  by  her  three  sons, 
Patrick,  (the  above  Lieutenant,  as  it  is  surmised), 
Michael,  and  Nicholas,  and  a  daughter. 

The  attainders  of  1642  present  but  William  Ker- 
ney  of  Wicklow,  while  amongst  the  Confederate 
Catholics  of  Kilkenny  was  only  James  O'Keamey  of 
Ballyluskey.     In  1685,   Sir  Richard  'Carney'  was 

galmoy's  horse.  129 

Ulster  King  of  Arms.  In  the  New  Charters  of  King 
James  that  immediately  succeeded,  John  Kearney 
was  Town  Clerk  in  that  to  Dublin,  as  also  in  that  to 
Carlow.  Thomas  Kearney  was  appointed  Sovereign 
in  that  to  Kilmallock,  in  which  a  Patrick  Kearney 
was  a  Burgess.  Denis  Kearney  was  a  Burgess  in  that 
to  Fethard,  while  a  Patrick  Kearney  was  Recorder  and 
Town  Clerk.  Philip  Kearney  was  Town  Clerk  in 
that  to  Blessington,  Denis  Kearney  in  that  to  Tho- 
mastown  ;  and  in  the  Charter  to  Cashel  Patrick 
Kearney  was  named  an  Alderman,  while  Edmund, 
John,  Paul  senior,  and  Paul  junior  were  Burgesses 
therein.  In  the  Parliament  of  Dublin  (1689)  Dennis 
Kearney  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the  Bo- 
rough of  Cashel. 

A  few  months  before  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  King 
James  appointed  Patrick  Kearney  to  the  office  of 
*  Comptroller  of  the  Pipe  and  second  Engrosser  of  the 
Great  Roll  of  the  Pipe  of  the  Exchequer  of  Ireland.*' 
In  this  Army  List,  a  Michael  Kearney  was  a  Lieute- 
nant in  Colonel  Purcell's  Horse,  and  he  would  seem 
to  be  the  second  son  of  Donogh  by  Alice  Comerford, 
and  brother  to  Lieutenant  Patrick.  It  is  mentioned 
in  King  James's  Memoirs  that,  before  Schomberg  had 
landed  in  Ireland,  a  Sir  Charles  'Carney'  was  by 
order  of  that  King  stationed  at  Coleraine  with  one  or 
two  Regiments,  and  another  higher  up  upon  the  Ban 
water,  to  secure  that  river ;  that,  on  Schomberg's 
landing,  he  was  ordered  to  retire,  ^  for  fear  of  being 

•  Rolls  Office  Index,  James  II.  f.  72. 



cut  off  by  the  enemy  f  and  that  ultimately  he  com- 
manded the  reserve  at  the  Boyne.*  The  attainders 
of  1691  include  Murtagh  *  Kearny'  of  Athlone,  John 
Kearney  of  Dublin,  Denis  of  Cashel,  John  of  Parks- 
town,  County  of  Kilkenny ;  Nicholas  *  Kamey'  of 
Athfane,  County  of  Waterford  ;  Moriarty  Kearney  of 
Clonmacnoise,  King's  County,  clerk ;  John  of  Por- 
tumna,  County  of  Galway  ;  James  of  the  Barony  of 
Muskerry,  and  John  and  Richard  Kearney  of  Cork. 
At  the  Court  of  Claims,  Anstace  Kearney,  as  widow 
of  Edmund  Kearney,  sought  dower  off  County  of 
Cork  lands  forfeited  by  James  Kearney  ;  but  her 
petition  was  dismist  Richard  Kearney,  as  "only 
son  or  executor"  of  Daniel  Kearney,  claimed  and  was 
allowed  a  freehold  remainder  in  estates  in  Tipperary 
forfeited  by  Sir  John  Everard  of  Fethard  ;  while 
Mary  Kearney,  alias  Comerford,  and  James  Kearney, 
administrators  of  Bryan  Kearney,  claimed  and 
were  allowed  leaseholds  in  said  lands.  At  the 
battle  of  Lauffield  in  1747,  Richard  '  Kearny'  was 
wounded  fighting  in  Bulkeley's  Irish  Brigade,  as  was 
also  Lieutenant '  Kearny'  in  Lally's  Regiment  on  the 
same  day.f 

•  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  pp.  372  &  397. 
t  Gent.  Mag.,  ad  ann.,  p.  377. 









The  Colonel 

John  Gaydon. 

George  Slaogfater. 

James  Planket. 

AlmerionB,  Lord 
Kinaale,  Lieut. 

James  St.  John. 

Thomas  Taaffe. 

Boger  McEettigaa, 

Bene  de  Came. 

Thomas  Leicester. 

Christopher  FiUGerald 

1.  Thomas  Lilly. 

Daniel  O'Neill 

Bene  Maaandier. 

James  Pnrcell 

William  Synnott. 

John  Bonrke. 

Geoige  Mayo. 

Edmund  Morris. 

Thomaa  Burke. 

Thomas  Dempoej. 

Patrick  Dillon. 

WiUiam  Meaner. 

Franois  Magle. 

Bichard  TyrreU. 


Bichard  Tyrrell. 
Mnitogh  O'Brien.    Edward  Butler. 
John  Macnaroara.     Piers  Butler.  Thomas  Bourke. 

Edward  Dowdall. 

K  2 

132  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 


Thomas  de  '  Sarsefeld/  '  premier  porte-banniere  du  Roi 
Henri  ii.  A.  D.,  1172/  is  said  to  be  the  first  who 
brought  this  surname  into  Ireland.*  In  1302,  King 
Edward  the  First  invited  Thomas  and  Stephen  de 
*  Saresfeld  '  to  aid  him  in  the  Scottish  wars.  In  the 
time  of  Edward  the  Third,  Henry,  son  of  David 
Saresfeld,  resided  in  the  County  of  Cork.  During  the 
same  reign,  a  branch  of  the  family  settled  in  Meath, 
one  of  whom,  after  some  generations,  stiled,  '  of 
Lucan,'  sent  two  archers  to  the  Hosting  of  Tara.  In 
1566,  Sir  William  Sarsfield  of  Lucan  was  knighted 
by  Sir  Henry  Sydney,  for  his  services  against  Shane 
O'Neill,  and  he  was  seneschal  of  the  Royal  manor  of 
Newcastle  in  1591.  In  1609,  SirDominick  Sarsfield, 
being  Premier  Baronet  of  Ireland,  and  Chief  Jus- 
tice of  Munster,  was  one  of  the  three  commissioners 
whom  King  James  assigned  to  demarcate  the  munici- 
pal boundaries  of  Cork.  In  1609,  he  was  appointed 
second  justice  of  the  Irish  Court  of  King's  Bench  ; 
in  1610,  was  promoted  to  the  Chief  Justiceship  of  the 
Common  Pleas,  and  in  1612,  had  a  grant  from  that 
Monarch  of  the  Castle  of  Carriglemlary,  with  thirteen 
plowlands,  licence  to  export  com  and  victuals  raised 
on  the  premises  fi^e  of  all  customs,  with  all  tithes, 
fisheries,  courts  of  pie-poudre,  and  the  usual  tolls, 
liberty  to  empark  with  free  warren  ;  said  Sir  Domi- 

•  Biirke^s  Landed  Grentry,  p.  119. 

sarsfield's  horse.  133 

nick  being  therefor  bound  to  plant  ninety  families 
on  the  lands.  All  these  premises  are  stated  to  have 
come  to  the  Crown  by  the  attainder  of  Philip  Fitz- 
Edmond  Roche.  In  1627,  this  Royal  favourite  was 
unadvisedly  created  Lord  Viscount  of  Kinsale,  a  title 
for  centuries  maintained,  with  unbroken  succession,  in 
the  ancient  and  noble  family  of  De  Courcey  ;  where- 
upon John  Lord  Courcey,  existing  Baron  of  Kinsale, 
and  Gerald  his  son,  petitioned  the  King  and  Lords  of 
the  Council  in  England,  against  Sarsfield's  assumption 
of  the  dignity.  This  petition  was  referred  to  the 
Judges,  who  transferred  the  question  to  the  Earl 
Marshal  of  England,  from  whose  Report  it  appeared 
that  the  De  Courceys  had  from  time  immemorial  been 
.  stiled  Barons  of  Kinsale  and  Ringrone  ;  and  he  held 
that  to  have  two  titles  standing,  one  of  the  Barony  in 
de  Courcey,  and  another  of  the  Viscounty  in  Sarsfield, 
would  be  an  ill-confounding  of  titles  of  honour,  and 
that  therefore  Sir  Dominick,  though  he  may  retain 
his  rank,  should  take  his  title  from  some  other  place 
in  Ireland,  or  be  called  Viscount  Sarsfield  ;  whereupon 
he  took  that  of  Kilmallock.  In  the  outlawries  of 
1642  appears  the  name  of  Peter  Sarsfield  of  Tully 
County  of  Kildare.  His  son  Patrick*  had  two  sons, 
WiUiam  of  Lucan,  who  married  Marie,  sister  of  the 
Duke  of  Monmouth  ;  and  Patrick,  the  Colonel  at  pre- 
sent under  consideration.  This  latter  "was  highly 
accomplished,  and  in  personal  appearance  of  a  tall 
and  manly  figure  ;  he  had  been  an  Ensign  in  France 

*  Burke's  L#anded  Gentry. 


in  Monmouth's  Eegiment,  and  a  Lieutenant  of  the 
Guards  in  England.''*  When  James  came  over  to 
Ireland,  he  ranked  as  a  Brigadier-general,  and  by  his 
own  influence  had  embodied  this  noble  body  of 
fiorse ;  soon  after  which,  by  the  death  of  his  elder 
brother  William,  s.p.m.,  he  succeeded  to  the  family 
estates,  then  considered  of  the  value  of  £2,000  per 
annum.  He  was  a  Burgess  in  King  James's  Charter 
to  Middleton,  while  Dominick  and  James  were  Alder- 
men  in  that  to  Cork,  and  John  a  Burgess  in  that  to 

In  the  Parliament  of  1689,  sat  Dominick  Sarsfield, 
Viscount  Kilmallock,  of  the  Peers.  *  He  had  a  Regi- 
ment of  Infantry  in  this  service,  as  shown  hereafter  ; 
while,  in  others  of  this  List,  James  Sarsfield  was  an 
Ensign  in  Colonel  Thomas  Butler^s,  as  was  Joseph 
Sarsfield  in  Colonel  Charles  O'Brien's,  in  which 
Ignatius  Sarsfield  was  a  captain.  This  Ignatius  was 
the  son  of  Patrick  Sarsfield  of  Limerick,  theretofore 
Governor  of  Clare  ;  his  descendants,  of  kindred  col- 
lateral to  Colonel  Patrick,  bore  the  title  of  Counts  of 
Sarsfield  in  the  French  army. 

Early  in  the  Irish  campaign,  after  Mountcashel's 
defeat  before  Enniskillen,  Sarsfield,  then  "  a  young 
Captain  beloved  by  the  soldiery,"  was  stationed  with 
some  troops  at  Sligo,  for  the  defence  of  Connaught 
from  the  Ulster  adherents  of  William  ;  a  position 
which  he  held  until  directed  to  remove,  to  maintain 
Athlone  against  the  meditated  attack  of  Lieutenant- 

*  O'Conor  s  Military  Memoirs. 

SAESFI£LD's  hoese.  135 

General  James  Douglas.  The  announcement  of  his 
approach  affected  the  object  for  the  moment,  Greneral 
Douglas  retiring  to  rejoin  his  King.  It  is  said  of 
Sarsfield  that,  even  after  King  William  had  passed 
the  Boyne,  he  "implored  James,  before  he  left  the  hill 
of  Dunore,  to  strike  another  blow  for  empire.''  At 
the  first  siege  of  Limerick,  while  Major-General 
Boiseleau  had  the  command  of  the  Garrison,  the  Duke 
of  Berwick  and  Colonel  Sarsfield  were  next  under 
him.  The  latter,  pending  the  siege,  (on  the  12th 
August)  surprised,  at  Kelly-na-Mona,  a  convoy  that 
was  conducting  to  the  besiegers  provisions  and  am- 
munition. This  gallant  achievement  is  fiilly  detailed 
by  Story,  the  Chaplain  of  King  William.  He  spiked 
their  cannon  and  exploded  their  ammunition ;  and  the 
same  day  re-entered  Limerick  amidst  the  triumphant 
shouts  of  his  fellow-soldiers,  thenceforth  more  than  ever 
their  idol.  Encouraged  by  his  daring  exploit,  those 
who  were  wavering  before  abandoned  all  thoughts  ot 
capitulation.*  On  the  30th  August,  King  William 
directing  his  last  assault  upon  the  City,  left  1200 
regular  troops  killed  in  the*  trenches,  and  in  five  days 
after  embarked  himself  fix)m  Waterford  to  England. 
When  the  Duke  of  Tyrconnel  went  to  France,  Sars- 
field was  one  of  those  whom  he  put  in  commission  to 
direct  the  inexperienced  Duke  of  Berwick ;  to  whom, 
as  befi)re  menjiioned,  he  had  entrusted  the  command 
of  the  army.  Soon  afterwards  the  Duke  and  he 
attacked  the  Castle  of  Birr,  the  family  residence  of 

•  Clarkes  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  416. 


Sir  Lawrence  Parsons,  ancestor  of  the  present  Earl 
of  Rosse  ;  "the  principal  design,  however,  of  this 
movement  was  to  break  down  the  bridge  of  Banagher, 
but  the  attempt  was  found  too  hazardous  at  that  time, 
not  only  as  the  enemy  was  very  strong  on  the  other 
side,  but  as  it  was  defended  by  a  Castle  and  another 
work  which  commanded  it  on  two  sides,*^  and  the 
project  was  consequently  abandoned.  Sarsfield  is 
represented  by  Colonel  O'Kelly,  in  the  ^Exddium 
Macarioe^'  as  suspecting  Berwick  about  this  time  of 
treacherous  correspondence  with  his  Uncle  Colonel 
Churchill,  in  King  William's  service. 

Tyrconnel,  when  he  returned  from  France,  brought 
with  him  a  patent  from  King  James,  creating  this 
officer  Earl  of  Lucan,  Viscount  of  Tully,  and  Baron 
of  Rosberry;  titles  which  King  Williams  Chaplain, 
Story,  seems  willing  to  concede  to  liim,  even  aflber  the 
conclusion  of  the  campaign.  '  Lord  Lucan,'  he  says, 
*for  so  we  may  venture  to  caD  Lieutenant-General 
Sarsfield,  since  the  Articles  of  Limerick  do  it.'  King 
James  then  also  constituted  Sarsfield  a  Colonel  of  his 
Life  Guards,  and  Commander-in^hief  of  the  Forces 
in  Ireland  ;  the  last  appointment  proved  however  soon 
but  titular,  as  in  May,  1691,  the  Marquess  de  St. 
Ruth  landed,  a  foreigner  placed  over  his  head  by  the 
French  King.  Yet  no  jealousy  of  Sarsfield  at  this 
step  induced  him  to  abate  his  zeal  fo^  the  cause  he 
had  espoused;  and  when,  on  Tyrconnel's  death, 
D'Usson,  the  senior  officer,  assumed  the  command  of 

♦  Harris's  Life  of  WiUiam  III. 

sarsfield's  horse.  137 

of  Limerick,  "  Sarsfield  attended  to  all  the  details, 
superintended  the  repair  of  the  fortifications,  the 
providing  of  ammunition  and  stores,  watched  the 
motions  and  defeated  the  designs  of  the  peace  party. 
His  vigilance  and  activity  admitted  of  no  relaxation ; 
his  ardour  inspired  the  troops  with  confidence.*^  At 
the  Battle  of  Aughrim  he  had  been  placed  by  St. 
Ruth  at  the  left  wing  of  the  Irish  army,  with  positive 
instructions  not  to  stir  from  that  position  until  he 
received  St.  Ruth's  orders,  an  injunction  which  held 
him  inactive  until  the  death  of  that  Commander 
closed  the  contest,  the  more  effectuaUy  as  Sarsfield, 
though  second  in  command,  was  wholly  ignorant  of 
the  plans  of  his  commander  ;  the  officers  of  the  Irish 
army  waited  for  orders,  but  none  was  there  to  give 

Sarsfield,  after  long  opposing  the  capitulation  of 
Limerick,  excited  much  astonishment  by  ultimately 
joining  those  who  advocated  it.  Colonel  O'Kelly 
could  not  see  any  justification  for  this  change  of 
opinion,  and  is  the  more  inclined  to  impeach  it,  as, 
pending  the  arrangement  of  the  terms  for  surren- 
der, this  General  dined  with  the  Duke  of  Wurtem- 
burgh  in  the  English  camp.  O'Conor,  in  his  '  Military 
Memoirs,'  (p.  174)  defends  Sarsfield's  motives  in  a 
manner  that  would  leave  without  stain  the  memory 
of  this  truly  illustrious  Irishman.  At  a  very  ad- 
vanced  state  of  the  siege,  "  his  constancy  gave  way, 

•  O'Conor  8  Military  Mem.  p.  167. 

t  O'Callagban's  Excidium  Macarke,  p.  461. 


he  apprehended  probably  that  some  of  the  gates  or 
works  would  be  betrayed  to  the  enemy,  that  the  whole 
garrison  would  be  involved  in  the  horrors  of  a  town 
taken  by  storm,  and  that  no  terms  could  in  that  case 
be  made  for  the  religion  or  the  nation.  Overpowered 
by  such  considerations,  he  ultimately  acquiesced  in 
the  wishes  of  the  majority."  The  Treaty  that  he 
sought  proposed  indemnity  for  the  past,  free  liberty 
of  worship,  security  of  titles  and  estates,  admission  to 
all  employments  civil  and  military,  and  equal  rights 
with  the  Protestants  in  all  the  Corporations.  Such 
was  the  Treaty  he  sought;  such  he  construed  the 
Articles  of  Limerick,  to  which  he  was  an  executing 
party.  He  had  however  been  himself  previously  at- 
tainted on  several  Inquisitions  taken  in  Dublin,  Eil- 
dare,  Cork  and  Kerry ;  Lady  Honoria  Sarsfield,  his 
wife,  was  also  outlawed,  as  were  Daniel  and  David 
Sarsfield  of  Sarsfield's  Court. 

At  the  Court  of  Claims,  Francis  Sarsfield  claimed 
and  was  allowed  a  fee  in  lands  at  Saggard,  County  of 
Dublin,  forfeited  by  Patrick  Sarsfield ;  and  in  all  his 
other  estates  in  the  County  of  Kildare,  &c.  — Dominick, 
James,  and  Patrick  Sarsfield,  minors,  claimed,  by  their 
father  Dominick  Sarsfield,  an  estate  tail  in  Cork  lands 
of  which  he  was  the  late  occupant ; — disallowed.  Pa- 
trick Sarsfield,  in  behalf  of  his  son  John,  a  minor, 
claimed  an  estate  tail  in  Cork  lands  forfeited  by  the 
said  Patrick ;  allowed,  after  the  decease  of  John's 
father  and  mother.  Said  Patrick  Sarsfield  also  claim- 
ed an  estate  tail  in  Lucan,  Rathbride,  &c. ; — dismist. 

sarsfield's  horse.  139 

The  only  existing  male  representative  of  this  illus- 
trioos  name  now  in  Ireland  appears  to  be  Domi- 
nick  Ronayne  Sarsfield  of  Dough-Cloyne,  County  of 
Cork  ;  the  lineal  descendant  of  Dominick,  the  above 
minor,  claimant.  William  Sarsfield,  the  aforesaid 
brother  of  the  Earl  of  Lucan,  left  by  the  Duke  of 
Monmouth's  sister  a  daughter  Charlotte,  who,  after 
the.  attainder  and  forfeiture  of  her  unde,  obtained  a 
grant  of  some  of  his  estates.  She  married  Agmon- 
disham  Vesey,  son  of  the  Archbishop  of  Tuam,  and 
had  by  him  two  daughters ;  Henrietta,  who  married 
Caesar  Colclough  of  Tintem  Abbey,  County  of  Wex- 
ford ;  and  Anne,  who  married  John  Bingham  of 
Castlebar,  ancestor  of  the  present  Earl  of  Lucan. 

On  the  surrender  of  Limerick,  Sarsfield  sedulously 
urged  the  removal  of  many  of  his  old  comrades  to 
France,  with  a  sanguine  hope  of  such  aid  from  King 
Louis  as  would  secure  their  triumphant  return.* 
"The  Irish  Officers,''  says  Harris,  "went  on  board 
with  the  best  of  their  forces  on  the  22nd  of  Dec. 
1691,  and  with  them  Sarsfield  embarked  to  seek  a 
fortune  in  a  strange  country,  when  he  might  have  re- 
mained an  ornament  to  his  own  ;  but  he  was  actu- 
ated by  a  strong  bias  to  what,  in  his  opinion,  was  the 
true  religion,  and  by  the  false  principle  of  honor  and 
loyalty  to  a  Prince,  who  had  made  it  the  whole  busi- 
ness of  his  reign  to  overturn  an  established  constitu- 
tion." He  landed  in  due  course  at  Brest,  with  4,500 
of  the  expatriated  Irish,  while  a  remainder  of  19,059 

*  O'Conors  Military  Mem.,  p.  189. 


men  and  officers  arrived  in  France  about  tte  same 
time,  in  three  other  divisions  *  all  of  whom  King 
James  reviewed  and  regimented.f  On  Sarsfield's 
arrival  in  France,  that  King  appointed  him  to  the 
command  of  the  second  troop  of  Irish  Horse  Guards, 
that  of  the  first  having  been  committed  to  the  Duke 
of  Berwick.  During  the  short  interval  that  he  out- 
lived the  Stuart  Dynasty,  he  addressed  various  letters, 
(offigred  for  sale  in  the  Southwell  Collections  some  few 
years  since)  signed  by  himself  as  Earl  of  Lucan,  to  De 
Ginkle,  Earl  of  Athlone ;  in  which  he  set  forth  the 
displeasure  of  Louis  the  Fourteenth,  by  reason  that 
"  the  articles  of  the  Capitulation  of  Limerick  had  not 
been  punctually  performed,"  and  requiring  that  the 
delay  to  so  doing  should  be  removed  with  all  imagina- 
ble despatch.  These  communications  passed  in  the 
year  1692.  In  the  following  year,  he  fell  on  the  field 
of  battle.  "This  year,"  (1693)  says  O'Conor,  "is 
memorable  in  the  annals  of  the  Irish  Brigade,  for  the 
death  of  Patrick  Sarsfield,  Earl  of  Lucan.  He  had 
been  instrumental  in  bringing  over  a  great  part  of  the 
Irish  army  to  the  service  of  France,  and  had  the  com- 
mand of  the  troops  destined  for  the  invasion  of  Eng- 
land. After  the  destruction  of  the  French  fleet  off* 
La  Hogue,  the  Irish  troops  marched  to  Alsace  ;  and 
Sarsfield,  at  the  close  of  1692,  was  ordered  to  join 
the  French  army  in  Flanders  under  the  Duke  of  Lux- 
embourg ;  in  1693,  he  was  killed  in  the  battle  of 

•  O'Conor's  Military  Mem,  p.  193. 
t  O'Callaghan's  Brigades,  v.  1,  p.  64. 

sa&sfield's  horse.  141 

Landen,  at  the  head  of  a  French  division.  He  fell 
leading  on  the  charge  of  strangers  ;  his  contempora- 
ries long  deplored  the  loss  of  this  gallant  officer,  and 
his  memory  is  still  cherished  with  entlmsiastic  admi- 
ration in  his  native  country As  a  partisan,  and 

for  desultory  warfare,  Sarsfield  possessed  admirable 
qualifications.  Brave,  patient,  vigilant,  rapid,  indefa- 
tigable,  ardent,  adventurous,  and  enterprising  ;  the 
foremost  in  the  encounter,  the  last  to  retreat ;  he  har- 
rassed  his  enemy  by  sudden,  unexpected,  and  gener- 
ally  irresistible  attacks  ;  inspiring  his  troops  with  the 
same  ardour  and  contempt  of  danger  with  which  his 
own  soul  was  animated.  His  valour  prolonged  the 
contest  in  Ireland,  and  if  he  had  but  possessed  a  cor- 
responding  degree  of  military  skill,  might  materially 

have  altered  the  issue  of  the  contest.*** "  Patrick 

Sarsfield,**  writes  a  more  recent  biographer,  "  may  be 
quoted  as  a  type  of  loyalty  and  patriotic  devotion.  In 
the  annals  of  Irish  History  he  stands  as  a  parallel  to 
Pierre  du  Terrail,  Chevalier  de  Bayard,  in  those  of 
France,  and  may  be  equally  accounted  '  sans  peur  et 
sans  reproche.*  In  his  public  actions  firm  and  consis- 
tent, in  his  private  character  amiable  and  unblem- 
ished ;  attached,  by  religious  conviction  and  heredi- 
tary  reverence  for  the  *  right  divine  *  of  Kings,  to  the 
falling  House  of  Stuart,  he  drew  a  sharp  sword  in  the 
cause  of  the  Monarch  he  had  been  brought  up  to  be- 
lieve his  lawful  sovereign,  and  voluntarily  followed 

♦  O'Conor's  Military  Mem.  p.  222. 

142  KING  James's  irish  akmt  list. 

him  into  exile  when  he  could  wield  it  no  longer.*** 
Arminius  was  never  more  popular  among  the  Ger- 
mans than  was  Sarsfield  among  the  Irish. 

He  had  married  the  Lady  Honoria  de  Burgh, 
daughter  of  the  Earl  of  Clanricarde,  by  whom  he  had 
one  son,  James  Edward  Francis,  of  whom  see  ante^  p. 
27.  He  fought  under  his  illustrious  stepfather,  the 
Marshal  Duke  of  Berwick,  in  Spain,  and  was  honor- 
ably provided  for  by  King  Philip  the  Fifth.  The 
Earl  of  Lucan  left  also  one  daughter,  who  intermar- 
ried with  the  well-known  Baron  Theodore  de  New- 
burgh,  King  of  Corsica.  Sarsfield's  widow  married 
the  Duke  of  Berwick  in  1695,  by  whom  she  had 
issue  as  before  mentioned.  Soon  after  the  death  of 
Lord  Lucan,  in  October,  1693,  King  James  appointed 
Donough  McCarthy,  Earl  of  Clancarthy,  his  succes- 
sor in  the  command  of  the  second  troop  of  Guards.f 
A  Captain  Peter  Drake,  of  Drake-Rath,  County  of 
Meath,  who  left  Ireland  on  the  fall  of  James  the 
Second's  cause,  says  in  a  diary  kept  by  him,  "  From 
Paris  I  went  (in  1694)  to  St.  Germains,  where  I  met 
with  Mrs.  Sarsfield,  mother  of  Lord  Lucan,  and  her 
two  daughters,  Ladies  Ejlmallock  and  Mount  Leins- 
ter ;  the  eldest  of  whom.  Lady  Kilmallock,  was  my 
godmother.  These  ladies,  though  supported  by  small 
pensions,"  adds  the  Captain,  "  received  me  with  great 
generosity,  and  treated  me  with  much  good  nature.  J 

•  Dublin  University  Magazine,  November,  1823. 
t  O'Callaghan's  Brigades,  v.  1,  p.  135. 
X  Cited,  Idem,  p.  334. 

sarsfield's  horse.  143 

Of  the  many  Sarsfields  distinguished  in  the  armies 
of  the  Continent,  see  O'Callaghan's  History  of  the 
Irish  Brigades,  (vol.  1,  p.  321) ;  but  they  were,  from 
the  fact  stated,  not  of  Patrick's  descendants. 


This  noble  family  claims  alliance  with  most  of  the 
Royal  Houses  of  Europe ;  paternally  through  the 
Dukes  of  Lorraine,  and  maternally  through  those  of 
Normandy.  Robert  de  Courcy  accompanied  William 
the  Conqueror  to  England,  distinguished  himself  at 
the  battle  of  Hastings,  and  partook  largely  of  the 
spoils  of  the  conquest,  in  grants  of  estates  in  Somerset 
and  Oxford  Shires.  His  lineal  descendant.  Sir  John 
de  Courcy,  having  signalised  himself  in  the  wars  of 
Henry  the  Second  in  England  and  Gascony,  was  sent 
into  Ireland  in  1177,  as  an  assistant  to  William  Fitz- 
Adelm  in  the  government  of  that  country.  He  it  was 
who,  having  obtained  from  King  Henry  the  Second, 
while  in  Ireland,  a  grant  of  Ulster,  with  the  naifve 
proviso  that  he  should  first  subdue  it  by  the  force 
of  his  arms,  invaded  that  province  with  twenty-two 
Knights,  fifty  Esquires,  and  about  three  hundred  foot 
soldiers;  where  he  did  such  '  service  in  the  English  in- 
terest,'  that  the  Annals  of  the  North  during  his  visita- 
tion are  but  the  chronicle  of  successful  carnage.     His 


course  was  traced  by  ruined  districts,  depopulated  vil- 
lages, desecrated  churches ;  not,  however,  without  found- 
ing  sundry  other  religious  houses  in  atonement  as  at 
Neddrum,  the  Black  Abbey,  Iniscourcy,  Tobberglory, 
&c.  His  achievements  acquired  for  him  the  dignity 
of  Earl  of  Ulster,  but  afterwards  incurring  the  dis- 
pleasure of  King  John,  he  was  only  released  from  its 
infliction  on  succeeding  against  a  French  Champion 
in  a  wager  of  battle,  concerning  the  very  important 
political  question  of  the  day,  the  Royal  right  to  Nor- 
mandy. John  then  also  conferred  upon  him  that 
privilege,  which  has  been  since  sometimes  asserted 
by  his  descendants,  of  wearing  the  head  covered  in 
the  presence  of  Majesty.  Henry  the  Third  rewarded 
his  son  Miles  more  substantially  with  the  Barony  of 
Kinsale.  In  1302,  Nicholas  de  Courcy  was  one  of  the 
Magnates  of  Ireland  who  attended,  on  summons, 
Richard  de  Burgo  in  the  wars  of  Scotland.* 

The  Lieutenant-Colonel  here  under  consideration 
was  Almericus  de  Courcy,  the  twenty-third  in  the  suc- 
cession of  that  ancient  Baronage.  He  succeeded  to 
the  title  in  1669,  being  then  only  five  years  old,  and 
was  sent  early  to  Oxford  ;  where  his  education  was 
conducted  under  the  eye  of  the  famous  John  Fell, 
Dean  of  Christ  Church,  and  Bishop  of  Oxford  ;  whose 
letters  in  1677-8  represent  his  young  Lordship  as 
"addicted  to  the  tennis  court,  proof  against  all 
Latin  assaults,  and  prone  to  kicking,  beating,  and 
domineering  over  his  sisters  ;  fortified  in  the 

•  Burke's  Peerage. 

sarsfield's  horse.  145 

conceit  that  a  title  of  honor  was  support  enough,  with- 
out the  pedantry  and  trouble  of  book-learning."*  One 
of  these  sisters,  Ellen,  was  married  to  Sir  John 
Magrath,  of  Attivolan,  County  of  Tipperary,  who  was 
created  a  Baron  under  singular  circumstances  here- 
after alluded  to  at  that  name.  This  Lord's  first  posi- 
tion in  King  James's  service  was  as  Captain  of  a 
Troop  of  Horse ;  he  was  afterwards  raised  to  this 
Lieutenant-Colonelcy  in  Sarsfield's  Regiment,  and 
enjoyed  the  continuance  of  a  pension  which  had  been 
previously  granted  to  the  22nd  Lord  by  Charles  the 
Second.  He  sat  as  a  Peer  in  the  Parliament  of  1689 ; 
while  in  the  Commons,  on  that  occasion.  Miles  de 
Courcy  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  Eansale. 
That  Miles  was  a  Captain  in  Major-General  Boiseleau's 
Infantry,  as  was  also  Garrett  '  Coursey '  and  another 
Garrett  Coursy,  a  Lieutenant. 

The  Baron  was  attainted  in  1691,  but  the  outlawry 
having  been  subsequently  reversed,  he,  in  October, 
1692,  took  his  seat  in  the  House  of  Peers  of  Ire- 
land, and  sat  a  second  time  in  1719  ;  at  the  close  of 
which  year  (Feb.  9th)  he  died,  and  was  buried  in  West- 
minster Abbey.  He  left  no  issue,  whereupon  his 
cousin-german,  Myles  de  'Coursy,'  the  Captain  in 
Major-General  Boiseleau's  Foot,  succeeded  to  the 
title,  t 

*  Catal.  Southwell  MSS.,  p.  891. 
t  Crossley's  Peerage,  p.  208. 



Tffls  Sept  were  anciently  the  territorial  proprietors  of 
Clan-diannada,  a  denomination  still  recognisable  in 
the  parish  of  Clan-dermot,  County  of  Deny,  over 
which  County  and  that  of  Donegal  the  name  is  still 
extant.  It  was  borne  by  a  late  Roman  Catholic 
Bishop  of  Raphoe,  Dr.  Patrick  '  Mc  Gettigan.' 


He  being  one  of  the  French  OflScers,  as  was  Lieute- 
nant Rene  Mezandine,  they  and  others  of  that  nation 
in  the  Roll  are  not  within  the  scope  of  the  present 
Illustrations.  Of  Captain  Rene  de  Came,  however, 
it  may  be  observed  that,  on  the  formation  of  the  Irish 
Brigade,  called  the  Queen's  Own,  this  Captain  was  ap- 
pointed its  Lieutenant-Colonel,  as  before  mentioned, 
ante  p.  105. 


This  is  one  of  the  families  that  branched  from 
Gilbert  de  Angulo,  who  came  into  Ireland  with 
Strongbow,  and  altered  the  name  into  Nangle  in  the 
County  of  Meath,  and  Nagle  in  Cork.  A  Manuscript 
Book  of  Obits,  &c.  in  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  (F.  3, 
27)   gives   links  of  the  lineage  of  the   Nagles   of 

sarsfield's  horse.  147 

Monanimy,  County  of  Cork,  for  nine  generations  in 
the  fifteenth  and  sixteenth  centuries.  The  attainders 
of  1642  include  the  names  of  Richard  Nagle  and 
John  Nagle  of  that  place.  The  Declaration  of  Royal 
gratitude  from  Charles  the  Second,  for  services  beyond 
the  seas,  makes  special  mention  of  Pierce  Nagle,  also 
of  Monanimy.  In  King  James's  New  Charters  to 
the  Corporations  of  Ireland,  David  Nagle  was  an 
Alderman  in  that  to  Cork,  wherein  Peter  Nagle  was 
a  Burgess.  In  that  to  Mallow,  Piers,  David,  and 
Edward  were  Burgesses  ;  to  Dungarvan,  Peter  and 
Andrew  were  named  Burgesses,  and  William  Nagle, 
Town  Clerk.  James  was  Town  Clerk  in  those  to 
Trim  and  Belturbet.  In  that  to  Charleville,  David, 
Piers,  Richard,  John,  and  James  Nagle  were  named 
Burgesses;  while  last  in  that  to  Youghal,  Piers, 
Andrew,  and  William  Nagle  were  Burgesses  ;  Sir 
Richard  Nagle  was  an  Alderman. 

This  latter  individual,  the  most  memorable  of  his 
name  at  that  period,  (ofi«n  called  *  Nangle '  in  Lord 
Clarendon's  Letters)  was  "  an  active  and  skilfol 
lawyer  of  the  Popish  party,***  knighted  on  being 
appointed  King  James's  Attorney-General  for  Ireland. 
Tyrconnel,  who  particularly  admired  his  shrewdness, 
brought  him  with  him  to  England  "  in  June,  1685, 
after  having  disbanded  a  great  part  of  the  Officers  of 
the  Irish  Army.     The  Earl  Powis,  Lord  Bellasis,  and 

*  Leland'fl  Ireland,  v.  8,  p.  515.     King  says  he  was  originallj 

designed  for  the  Roman  Catholic  priesthood State  of  the  Pro- 

testania^  p.  73. 



other  Lords  were  so  exasperated  on  being  informed  of 
Nagle's  arrival,  that  they  would  have  him  expelled 
from  London  immediately.  As  it  was,  some  time 
elapsed  before  he  was  admitted  to  kiss  the  King's 
hand  ;  however,  to  complete  in  private  what  he 
dared  not  attempt  upon  the  public,  it  was  agreed 
among  them  that  Nagle  should  set  forth,  by  way  of 
a  letter  to  a  friend,  the  great  injustice  and  oppression 
of  the  Acts  of  Settlement  and  Explanation,  to  open 
a  way  to  their  repeal  ;  the  time  being  now  thought 
favourable  for  that  purpose,  when  the  King,  who, 
while  Duke  of  York,  had  always  patronised  the 
scheme,  avowed  himself  ready  to  countenance  it  with 
all  his  power,  and  no  Parliament  was  at  present 
sitting  to  control  his  proceedings.  In  the  following 
year,  accordingly,  Nagle  wrote  this  letter  (October, 
1686)  to  Tyrconnel,  with  great  virulence  and  ran- 
cour,  and  not  without  a  considerable  share  of  sophis- 
try and  cunning.  He  laid  the  scene  at  Coventry, 
and  introduced  it  as  the  fruits  of  two  sleepless  hours 
there,  whence  it  took  the  name  of  '  the  Coventry 
Letter  ;'  whereas  it  was  the  labour  of  so  many  weeks 
in  London.  In  this  letter  he  endeavours  to  show 
some  nullities  and  invalidities  in  the  said  Acts,  and 
confidently  affirmed  that  it  was  not  for  murder  or 
rebellion,  but  for  religion  that  the  estates  of  the 
Irish  were  sequestered,  and  mainly  insisted  on  the 
inconvenience  that  would  accrue  to  the  Popish  inte- 
rest by  the  continuance  of  these  Acts.  His  invectives 
against  King  Charles  the  Second  were  so  virulent^ 

sarsfield's  horse.  149 

that  he  dared  not  to  own  his  production  ;  but  in 
Ireland  gave  out  that  he  would  arrest  any  man  in 
an  action  of  £10,000,  who  should  presume  to  father 
it  on  him.  Yet  afterwards,  when  Speaker  of  James's 
Irish  Parliament,  he  pleaded  it  as  a  merit,  and  the 
Repeal  of  the  Acts  was  urged,  founded  on  his  argu- 
ments."* His  presence  at  the  Conference  which 
Bang  James  held  at  Chester,  in  1687,  was  thus 
necessitated  ;  and  accordingly,  in  the  Rolls  Office  of 
Ireland  is  preserved  a  licence  of  absence  to  Sir 
Richard  Nagle  for  one  month,  under  the  Lord 
Deputy's  warrant,  dated  18th  August,  1687,  nine 
days  before  the  King  came  up  to  Chester. 

On  the  assembling  of  the  Parliament  of  Dublin  in 
1689,  he  was  elected  their  Speaker.f  He  sat  as  one 
of  the  Representatives  of  Cork,  and  was,  as  might  be 
expected,  one  of  the  most  violent  impugners  of  the 
Act  of  Settlement.  In  the  summer  of  that  year,  on 
the  retirement  of  Lord  Melfort,  he  was,  by  the  Duke 
of  Tyrconnel's  interest,  appointed  Secretary  of  State, 
as  well  as  Secretary  of  War  to  His  Majesty.  After 
the  defeat  at  the  Boyne,  he  was  one  of  the  Council 
whom  King  James,  on  his  arrival  in  Dublin,  con- 
vened to  advise  proceedings.  "  They  were  all  unani- 
mously of  opinion  that  he  should  lose  no  time  in 
going  to  France,  otherwise  he  would  run  a  great  risk 
of   being  taken  by  the   enemy,  who  they  believed 

♦  The  original  letter  was  sold  in  the  Southwell  MSS. — See 
Thorpe's  Catalogue,  pp.  223-4. 

t  Somers'  State  Tracts,  v.  11,  p.  407. 


would  be  there  next  morning"*  When,  after  the 
first  siege  of  Limerick,  Tyrconnel  went  over  to  St. 
Germains,  he  was  accompanied  by  Sir  Richard  Nagle, 
the  duty  of  Secretary  of  State  being  confided  in  his 
absence  to  the  newly  created  Lord  Riverston  ;  he 
returned  with  the  Duke  in  January,  1690,  and,  on 
the  death  of  that  great  man,  he  feelingly  laments 
the  event  in  a  letter,  August,  1691,  to  Lord 
Merrion,  as  "  a  fatal  stroke  to  this  poor  country,  in 
this  nick  of  time,  the  enemy  being  within  four  miles 
of  the  town,"  adding,  "he  is  to  be  buried  privately 
to-morrow,  about  ten  of  the  clock  at  night.  As  he 
appeared  always  zealous  for  his  country,  so  his  loss  is 
at  this  time  extremely  pernicious  to  this  poor  nation."f 
In  the  too  confident  contemplation  of  his  death,  a 
Royal  Commission  had  been  fore-drawn,  providing  that 
the  Government  should,  in  such  event,  be  administered 
by  this  Sir  Richard  Nagle,  Francis  Plowden,  Com- 
missioner of  the  Revenue  (who  brought  it  over),  and 
Baron  Gawsworth  the  Lord  Chancellor,  as  Lords 
Justices,  with  the  usual  forms.  J  Sir  Richard  was 
attainted  by  no  less  than  seven  Inquisitions.  Im- 
mediately on  his  outlawry,  an  order  of  the  Govern- 
ment issued,  "  requiring  such  persons  as  might 
have  papers  or  books  of  his  in  their  custody  at  the 
Castle  of  Dublin,  to  deliver  same  to  George  Clarke, 
the  new  Secretary  of  War.''§ 

*  Clarke's  James  IT.,  p.  401. 

t  O'Callaghan's  Excidium  Afacatice,  p.  472. 

I  Idem,  pp.  478-9. 

§  Clarke's  MSS.  T.C.D.,  Letter  ccUu 

SARSFIELD'S  H0&8E.  151 

In  the  mean  time,  Sir  Richard  preferred  adhering 
to  the  £dlen  fortunes  of  the  Stuart^  rather  than  to 
compromise  with  the  new  government.  At  the  petty 
court  of  St.  Germains  he  still  filled  the  office  of 
*  Secretary  of  State  for  Ireland/  while  his  son  James 
married  in  that  country  Margaret,  daughter  of  Colonel 
Walter  Butler,  one  of  the  Officers  of  this  list  here- 
after alluded  to.  Colonel  O'Eelly  speaks  of  Sir 
Richard  Nagle  as  "  a  person  of  ability  and  parts, 
generally  believed  an  honest  man  ;"*  while  the  Duke 
of  Berwick,  in  his  able  memoir  says,  "  he  was  a 
courteous  man,  of  good  sense,  and  well  skilled  in  his 
profession,  but  by  no  means  versed  in  the  affairs  of 
state."  Besides  the  above  Captain  Francis  Nagle, 
there  are  enrolled  in  Colonel  Gordon  O'Neill's  Infantry, 
Arthur  '  Nagle,'  a  Lieutenant,  as  was  David  Nagle 
in  Sir  John  Barrett's.  This  David  was  one  of  the 
Representatives  of  Mallow  in  the  Parliament  of  1689. 
The  Nagles  attainted  in  1691,  were  Sir  Richard,  as 
before  mentioned,  John  Nagle  of  Dublin,  James  and 
David  of  Carrigeen,  County  of  Cork,  Andrew  of 
Youghal,  Piers  of  Annakissy,  Garret  of  Drummins- 
town,  Richard  of  Shanballymore,  all  in  the  County, 
and  Peter  of  the  City,  of  Cork.  Sir  Richard's  for- 
feitures  extended  over  nearly  5000  acres  in  the 
Baronies  of  Fermoy  and  Duhallow  in  this  County, 
also  much  in  Waterford.  David  Nagle  claimed  and 
was  allowed  an  estate  for  lives  in  Cork  lands  ;  while 
James  Nagle,   by  Michael    Kearney    his    guardian, 

*  Exddium  Macarice,  p.  106. 


claimed  certain  rights  in  the  Cork  lands  forfeited  by 
Piers  of  Annakissy,  and  was  allowed  same  after  the 
death  of  Piers.  Joan  Butler,  alias  Everard,  also 
claimed  the  benefit  of  an  assignment  of  the  equity  of 
redemption  in  premises  forfeited  by  said  Piers. 

At  the  battle  of  Lauffield,  in  1747,  a  Francis 
Nagle,  of,  it  would  seem,  the  kindred  of  the  above 
OflScer,  being  then  a  Lieutenant  in  Bulkeley's 
Brigade,  was  taken  prisoner. 


This  Sept  were  Chiefs  of  the  territory  now  known 
as  the  Barony  of  Tulla,  with  part  of  that  of  Bunratty, 
County  of  Clare  ;  and  enjoyed  the  rank  of  hereditary 
marshals  of  the  O'Briens,  Kings  of  Thomond.  They 
were  very  powerful,  and  had  many  castles.  In  1402, 
Quin  Abbey  was  founded  in  this  County  for  Fran- 
ciscan friars  by  Shedagh  Cam  Mac  Namara,  Lord  of 
Clan-Cuilein  ;  who  appointed  it  the  burial  place  for 
himself  and  his  posterity.*  In  1408,  Henry  the 
Fourth  granted  to  Margaret,  daughter  of '  the  Mac  Na- 
mara,' of  the  Irish  Nation,  that  she  and  all  her  issue 
might  be  free,  and  use  the  English  habit  and  law. 
In  1496,  the  Castle  of  Feyback  was  taken  by  the 
Lord  Deputy  from  Eugene  Mc  Namara.  In  1543, 
the  Privy  Council  of  Ireland  transmitted  a  recom- 
mendation to  the  King,  advising  his  Majesty  that  "  an 

*  Annals  of  the  Four  Masters. 

sarsfield's  horse.  153 

Irish  Captain,  called  Shedagh  Mac  Namara,  bordering 
on  O'Brien's  lands  and  possessing  those  of  Clan-Cullen 
in  Thomond,  sought  to  be  advanced  to  the  honor  of 
Baron  of  Clan-Cullen,  with  his  place  in  Parliament, 
offering,  if  he  obtained  such  distinction,  to  hold  his 
territory  by  Knight's  service  ;  and,  for  that  the  said 
Mac  Namara  is  a  man  whose  ancestors  have  in  those 
parts  always  borne  a  great  sway,  and  one  that  for 
himself  is  of  honest  conformity,  and  whose  lands  lie 
wholly  on  the  *  fiirside '  of  the  Shannon,  we  beseech 
Tour  Majesty  to  regard  him,  but  so  as  not  to  entitle 
him  or  his  heirs  to  any  land  or  dominion  on  this  side 
of  the  Shannon."*  On  the  occasion  of  Perrot's  Con- 
cilation  Parliament  of  1585,  "  there  went  thither 
Turlogh,  son  of  Teigue,  son  of  Conor  O'Brien,  and 
the  Lord  of  the  western  part  of  Clan-Cullen,  namely, 
John  Mac  Namara,  i.  e.,  John  the  son  of  Teigue,  as 
one  of  the  Knights  of  Parliament  for  the  County  of 
Clare."  So  say  the  Four  Masters,  whose  Annals 
abound  with  notices  of  this  ancient  Sept.  Daniel 
Mac  Namara  of  Doone  and  John  Mac  Namara  of  Mori- 
orsky  were  of  the  Supreme  Council  that  assembled  in 
1646  at  Kilkenny. 

This  Captain  John  had  livery  of  his  estates  in  the 
County  of  Clare,  out  of  the  Court  of  Wards  in  1637, 
and  having  been  ousted  in  the  civil  war  of  1641,  he 
was,  by  a  clause  in  the  Act  of  Settlement,  restored  to 
his  principal  seat  with  2,000  acres  of  land  ;  and  the 
same  statute,  in  the  Declaration  which  it  contains  of 

♦  D'Alton  8  County  Dublin,  p  162. 


Royal  gratitude  for  services  during  the  exile,  names 
this  Mac  Namara  as  one  who,  ^^  for  reasons  known  to 
us,  in  an  especial  manner  merited  our  grace  and 
finrour.''  He  would  seem  to  be  identical  with  John 
Mac  Namara  of  Cruttilagh  or  Oratloe,  who  was  Sheriff 
of  Glaxe  in  1686-7,  and  one  of  its  representatives 
in  the  Irish  Parliament  of  1689,  having  previously  ob- 
tained,  in  October,  1685,  a  patent  firom  King  James 
for  erecting  the  lands  of  Cratillow  into  a  manor. 

In  King  James's  New  Charters,  Thomas  Macna- 
mara  was  a  Burgess  in  that  to  Limerick  ;  as  were 
Florence  and  John  in  another  to  Ennis.  Florence 
Macnamara  was  one  of  the  Deputy  Lieutenants  of 
the  County  of  Clare,  and  he  was  a  C^tain  in  Lord 
Clare's  Dragoons,  in  which  Laurence  and  Daniel 
Macnamara  were  Quarter-Masters.  Hugh  Macna- 
mara commanded  a  troop  of  Grenadiers  in  the  Earl 
of  Tyrone's  Infantry  ;  Miles  was  a  Quarter-Master  in 
Colonel  Cormuck  O'Neill's  ;  while  in  Colonel  Charles 
O'Brien's,  Donogh  and  Thady  Macnamara  were 
Captains,  and  a  second  Donogh  a  Lieutenant  Teigue 
Macnamara,  of  the  Ayle  line  of  this  Sept,  raised  an 
independent  troop  for  King  James's  service  after  the 
battle  of  the  Boyne,*  with  which  he  garrisoned  the 
Castie  of  Clare,  and  held  it  until  the  capitulation  of 
Limerick ;  in  the  Articles  for  which  he,  being  included? 
saved  his  estate  and  removed  to  the  old  family  man- 
sion at  Ayle.f 

*  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  v.  2,  p.  514. 
t  Burke's  Landed  Grentry,  p  813. 

sarsfield's  horse.  155 

Captain  John  rose  to  be  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  in 
this  service.  He  married  to  his  first  wife  the  Lady 
Elizabeth  O'Brien,  eldest  daughter  of  Murrough,  the 
first  Eari  of  Inchiquin.  She  died  in  1688,*  when  it 
would  appear  he  married  a  second  time  the  relict  of 
Richard  Southwell,  Esq.,  father  of  Sir  Thomas  South- 
well,  afterwards  Lord  Southwell.f  John  was  outlawed, 
but  was  subsequently  adjudged  within  the  Articles  of 
Limerick.  Others  of  the  name  then  attainted  were 
Florence  Macnamara  of  Dromore,  Donogh  of  Mohir, 
Thomas  of  Limerick,  and  John  of  Ralshine,  County  of 

At  the  Court  of  Chichester  House,  John  Macna- 
mara, styled  of '  Creevagh,'  claimed  and  was  allowed 
a  mortgage  affecting  estates  of  Lord  Clare ;  as  did 
John,  the  son,  heir,  and  executor  of  his  father  James, 
the  benefit  of  a  mortgage  affecting  said  estates,  and 
his  claim  was  also  allowed.  Teigue  Macnamara 
claimed,  in  right  of  his  wife,  an  interest  in  lands  in 
the  County  of  Clare,  the  forfeiting  proprietor  of  which 
was  Redmond  Magrath, — but  his  claim  was  disal- 
lowed ;  as  was  another  claim  of  his  to  a  £reehold  in 
Clare  lands,  forfeited  by  Lord  Clare,  and  which 
Teigue  claimed,  in  right  of  his  father,  John  Macna- 
mara, to  whom  they  had  been  leased,  and  who  died  in 

In  1745  Lieutenant  Macnamara,  of  the  Irish  Bri- 

♦  ArchdaU's  Lodge,  v.  6,  p.  18. 

t  Thorpe's  Cat.  Southwell  MSS.,  241. 


gade,  was  killed  in  Flanders.*  And  in  two  years  after 
died  in  France,  John  Macnamara,  a  distinguished 
Admiral  in  that  service ;  he  was,  according  to  Mac- 
Geoghegan,  of  the  grand  military  order  of  St.  Louis, 
and  Governor  of  the  Port  of  Rochford.  His  nephew 
was  commander  of  the  '  Frepinne,'  in  which  he  took  a 
number  of  valuable  prizes.f 


An  Inquisition,  taken  post  mortem^  6th  July,  1613, 
at  Naas,  finds  that  John  Gaydon,  alias  Gayton,  died 
in  1596,  seized  in  fee  of  a  castle,  lands,  tenements, 
&c.  in  the  town  of  Irishtown,  formerly  called  Bally- 
spedagh,  in  the  County  of  Kildare  ;  and  also  of  the 
Castle,  &c.  of  Strafian,  &c.  in  said  County,  and  of 
the  lands  of  Hatton  and  Ardrosse  therein ;  and 
that  his  heir  is  Nicholas  Gaydon,  now  aged  thirty- 
eight  years,  and  married  ;  who  is  in  occupation  of 
said  premises,  which  he  holds  in  common  soccage  of 
the  heir  of  a  certain  John  Fannyn,  son  and  heir  of 
John  Fannyn,  Knight. J  The  outlawries  of  1642 
record  only  of  this  name  John  *  Gaydon'  of  Irishtown ; 
it  may  be  presumed  a  son  of  the  last  mentioned 
Nicholas,  and  identical  with  the  Lieutenant  at  present 
under  consideration.  The  name  seems  now  extinct 
in  Ireland. 

*  Gent.  Mag.  v.  15,  p.  276.       t  Ferrar's  Limerick,  p.  349. 
{  Inq.  in  Cane.  Hib. 

sarsfield's  horse.  157 


This  name  is  of  record  in  Ireland  in  the  fourteenth 
century,  and  in  the  seventeenth  was  one  of  tenure 
at  Mortellstown  in  the  County  of  Tipperary ;  of 
which  place  it  will  be  remembered  was  Thomas  St. 
John,  who  signed  the  Petition  of  1661,  ante^  page 
8  ;  but  nothing  worth  relating  has  been  discovered 
of  this  individual  or  of  the  name,  except  that,  at  the 
Court  of  Chichester  House  in  1703,  a  James  St.  John 
claimed  and  was  allowed  an  estate  for  lives  in  Carlow 
lands  forfeited  by  Dudley  Bagnall.  A  Lieutenant 
St.  John  is  said  to  have  submitted  to  the  Government 
of  King  William  ;  and  it  is  not  unlikely  that  this 
officer  was  the  person,  as  well  by  the  absence  of  his 
name  from  the  KoU  of  Attainders,  as  by  the  presump- 
tion that  he  was  the  above  claimant.  His  name 
appears  to  be  also  now  extinct  in  Ireland. 


This  name,  in  various  modes  of  spelling,  is  traced 
in  Irish  records  from  Edward  the  Third.  In  1357, 
John  '  de  Lecestere,'  was  nominated  Attorney-General 
for  Ireland.  In  1402,  William  *  Lyster'  was  appoint- 
ed to  the  office  of '  Water-Bailly'  of  Ulster,  with  a 
Clerkship  of  the  Escheats  in  said  County  ;  he  had  also 


a  grant  of  lands  in  the  County  of  Dublin,  for  the 
term  of  his  life. 

At  its  dissolution,  the  Religious  House  of  Kil- 
carmick,  in  O'Mulloy's  Country,  (the  King's  County) 
having  vested  in  the  Crown,  was  granted  by  James 
the  First,  soon  after  his  accession,  to  Robert  Ley- 
cester,  Grent.  with  sundry  lands  in  said  country.  He 
subsequently  passed  patent  more  extensively  for  Cas- 
tles, Abbeys,  Chiefries,  and  Lands  in  the  several 
Counties  of  Wicklow,  Westmeath,  Limerick,  Sligo, 
Donegal,  Fermanagh,  and  Tyrone,  with  licences  for 
fairs  and  markets,  &c.  The  estates  in  the  King's 
County  (some  of  which,  as  Killishell,  were  parcel  of 
the  estates  of  the  O'Connors  of  that  County,  attainted) 
remained  in  his  descendants  until  forfeited  by  the 
above  Lieutenant  Thomas.  His  forfeitures  in  that 
County  alone  comprised  two  thousand  three  hundred 
acres  ;  his  father,  John  Leicester,  also  forfeited  con- 
siderable  interests  therein.  A  Funeral  Entry  of  1684 
in  the  Office  of  Arms  of  Dublin  describes  this  latter  indi- 
vidual as  "  John  Leicester  of  Kilcormick  in  the  King's 
County,  son  of  Robert,  son  of  Robert,  son  of  John, 
son  of  John.  The  first  mentioned  John  died  last  day 
of  March,  and  was  buried  10th  of  April  at  Ballyboy 
in  said  County.  He  married  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Tyrrel  of  Simon's  Court,  County  Westmeath, 
second  son  of  Richard  Tyrrell  of  Kilbride  ;  by  whom 
he  had  issue  one  son,  Thomas  (the  above  Lieutenant), 
and  two  daughters,  Mary  and  Joane.  This  Funeral 
Entry  is,  as  required,  testified  by  Edward  Tyrrel, 

sarsfield's  horse.  159 

brother  [in  law]  of  the  deceased.  Lieutenant  Tho- 
mas was,  therefore,  it  would  appear,  the  great  grand- 
son of  Robert,  the  patentee  of  1604,  who,  from  an 
examination  of  the  lineage  of  the  Leicesters  of  Toft 
Hall  in  Cheshire,  was  probably  one  of  the  younger 
sons  of  Sir  George  (who  died  in  1612),  by  Alice, 
eldest  daughter  of  Peter  Leicester  of  Tabley.  The 
Inquisition,  taken  on  his  attainder,  describes  him  as 
late  of  Ballyboy  in  the  King's  County,  and  to  have 
been  seised  of  about  one  thousand  acres  in  that 
County,  including  Corraghmore,  Ballycollane,  Gur- 
teen.  Dune,  Eilleshill,  Eilduff,  and  the  town  and 
lands  of  the  Monastery  of  Kilcormick,  with  a  mill, 
market,  and  &ir  to  the  latter  appertaining. 


This  surname  does  not  occur  again  in  the  List, 
nor  does  it  at  all  appear  in  the  Roll  of  Outlawries  ; 
where,  however,  some  Meaghs  and  Meyaghs  do.  The 
name  of  *  May  owe*  is  in  the  Chancery  Rolls,  as  in 
Kerry,  in  the  fourteenth  century.  That  of '  Mayhew' 
also  occurs  in  Irish  records  of  about  the  same  period  ; 
and,  in  a  Roll  of  Amerceaments  of  Fines  laid  upon 
Sheriflfe,  Mayors,  Seneschals,  &c.,  of  record  in  the 
Chief  Remembrancer's  Office,  is  one  of  Geoffirey 
^Mayhoo'  in  1428. 



Neither  does  this  name  appear  again  on  the  List, 
nor  in  the  attainders  of  the  period.  On  the  21st  of 
December,  1690,  Thomas  *  Haghton'  was  appointed 
to  the  office  of  Second  Sergeant  at  Arms,  and  on  the 
28th  March  following  had  a  grant  of  the  office  of 
Clerk  of  the  Crown  and  Peace  of  the  County  of  Dub- 
lin.* A  certain  George  Haughton  obtained,  in  the 
time  of  Charles  the  Second,  a  fiat  for  a  grant  of  the 
manor,  town  and  lands  of  Bame,  in  the  County  of 
Longford  ;  but  died  in  1682,  before  obtaining  pos- 
session, leaving  George  Haughton,  Junior,  his  son 
and  heir,  then  a  minor  of  but  five  years  of  age. 
It  is  just  possible  that,  in  the  enthusiasm  of  the 
period,  he,  though  only  thirteen  years  of  age  at  the 
time  of  this  campaign,  may  have  been  the  above 
Cornet  Greorge.  George  junior  was,  during  his 
life,  involved  in  litigation  concerning  the  said 
manor  of  Bame,  and  died  in  1732,  seised  of  two 
other  manors,  that  of  Bormount  in  Wexford,  and 
Eilthorpe  in  Rutlandshire,  England.f 


Neither  is  this  name  again  on  the  List,  nor  in  the 

*  Rolls  Office.  t  Appeal  Cases. 

sarsfield's  nORSE.  161 


This  family  is  descended  from  an  ancient  and 
honorable  stock  of  Norman  extraction.  They  were 
possessed  of  lands  in  Ireland  from  the  time  of  the 
Invasion,  and  in  the  County  where  it  first  found 
footing.  In  1365,  John  'Synath'  was  one  of  the 
influential  proprietors  of  this  County  (Wexford) 
directed  by  the  Crown,  according  to  the  custom  of 
the  time,  to  elect  its  Sheriffi  Sir  John  Synnot,  after 
the  Desmond  war,  passed  out  of  Ireland  to  foreign 
parts.*  In  1607,  William  Synnatt  of  Ballyfemock 
had  a  grant  of  various  lands  within  the  district  of 
O'Murrough's  Country  (County  of  Wexford),  "with 
certain  custom  sheep,  called  summer  sheep,  and  cer- 
tain ^akates^  upon  and  in  O'Murrough's  Country, 
where  the  said  lands  lie ;  with  all  other  customs, 
duties,  and  hereditaments  to  same  belonging,  and 
which  came  to  King  Edward  the  Sixth  by  the  attain- 
der of  Donell  O'Murrough.^f  This  grant  was  subse- 
quently renewed  to  his  son   Walter  Synnott.      In 

1649,  David  Synnot  was  Governor  of  Wexford  when 
that  town  was  besieged  by  Cromwell ;  and  in  its  gal- 
lant though  unsuccessful  defence  he  lost  his  life.     In 

1650,  Oliver  Synnot  came  over  in  commission  from 
the  Duke  of  Lorraine,  on  the  occasion  of  his  Grace's 

♦  Manuscripts  T.C.D.,  E  3,  15. 
t  Pat.  Roll  in  Cane.  Hib. 


162  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

memorable  proffer  of  aid  to  the  Royal  cause.*  This 
same  Oliver,  it  would  appear,  was  in  the  following 
year  Commander  of  the  Fort  of  Ardkyn  in  the  Isle  of 
Arran.f  No  other  Synnott  appears  in  this  Army 
List,  and,  from  the  'Landed  Gentry^  of  Sir  Bernard 
Burke  (f.  1347),  this  Quarter-Master  William  would 
seem  to  have  been  of  the  Ballytramoi^  line. 

In  King  James's  Charters,  Dominick  Synnot  was 
an  Alderman  in  that  to  Waterford ;  Richard  a  Bai- 
liff in  that  to  Wexford  ;  and,  on  the  Establishment  of 
1687-8,  James  Synnot  was  placed  for  a  pension  of  £50. 

The  outlawries  of  1691  comprise  the  names  of 
John  *  Sinnott'  of  Middletown,  County  of  Wexford  ; 
as  also  of  James  and  Richard  Synnott  of  Wexford, 
Richard  and  Walter  '  Sinnott'  of  Church  town,  Ross- 
beare ;  Stephen  '  Sinnott'  of  Ballynant,  Pierce  '  Sin- 
nott'  of  House  wood,  and  John  Synnott  of  Kilcotty, 
all  in  the  County  of  Wexford  ;  with  Francis  Synnott 
of  Waterford,  and  Michael  Synnott  of  Graigue,  County 
of  Leitrim. 


The  Norman  surname  of  'Le  Devenys,'  is  of  the  earli- 
est introduction  into  Ireland.  In  1302,  Nicholas 
*Deveneys'  had  military  summons  for  the  Scottish 
war.     In  1308,  William  'de  Devenys'  was  one  of  the 

*  O'Conor's  Hist  Address,  part  2.  p.  446. 
t  Hardiman's  Galway,  p.  319. 


Justices  of  the  Irish  Bench  ;  and  in  the  same  year, 
John  'Le  Devenys' had  livery  of  seisin  of  his  lands 
there,  as  holding  in  capite  from  the  Crown.  In  1356, 
Maurice  and  Nicholas  Devenys  were  of  the  influential 
proprietors  of  Kilkenny,  who  in  that  year  elected  John 
Fitz-Oliver  de  la  Freyne  into  the  Shrievalty  of  their 
County.  In  1488,  Richard  Devenys  did  homage  to 
Sir  Richard  Edgecombe  at  Kinsale.*  In  1509,  Pet^r 
'Devenish'  was  a  prebendary  of  Saggard,  in  St. 
Patrick's  Cathedral;  and,  while  in  that  office,  witnessed 
the  surrender  of  the  possessions  of  Glendalough  to  the 
See  of  Dublin.t 

An  old  Family  Pedigree,  however,  derives  this 
Quarter-master  from  Sir  John  Devenish  of  Hellen- 
leagh  in  England,  a  descendant  of  whom,  Edmund 
Devenish,  came  to  Ireland  in  1512,  and  married  a 
daughter  of  Sir  Roland  Penthony.  Their  eldest  son 
George,  the  first  of  the  family  born  in  Ireland,  built 
the  large  mansion  in  the  town  of  Athlone,  (hence 
known  to  a  very  recent  period  as  Court  Devenish) 
where  he  settled  ;  and,  marrying  Cecilia,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Fitzgerald,  was  the  lineal  ancestor  of  the 
above  Sylvester,  as  well  as  of  George  and  Thomas 
Devenish,  who  were  attainted  with  him  in  1691,  all 
being  described  as  'of  Athlone,  County  Westmeath.' 
From  said  George,  likewise  sprung  the  existing 
family  of  Devenish  of  Rush-hill  and  Mountpleasant, 
in  the  County  of  Roscommon.      Edmund,  who  mar- 

*  Harrises  Hibernica,  part  2,  p.  36. 
f  D' Alton's  Archbishops  of  Dublin. 

M  2 


ried  Miss  Penthony,  had  by  her  a  second  son,  James, 
who  was  seised  of  premises  in  the  County  of  Dublin, 
in  1637,  and  was  the  ancestor  of  Major-General  John 
James  Devenish,  in  1728  Governor  of  Courtray  in 
the  Low  Countries. 

It  is  to  be  observed  that  a  Major  Devenish  is  noted 
in  the  Raicdon  Papers  (p.  355)  as  having  been  killed 
in  this  campaign,  in  William's  service  ;  while  a  de- 
spatch of  the  Duke  of  Marlborough  in  1716,  from  the 
camp  before  Dundermond,  mentions  that  a  Colonel 
Devenish  had  proffered  to  bring  over  an  Irish  regi- 
ment to  the  Allies  from  the  service  of  the  '  Enemy,'  a 
proposal  which  was  afterwards  entertained.* 





Comets.           Quarter.  Masters. 

The  Colonel. 


Thomas  Corbet, 


Gerald  Aylmer. 

Nicholas  Bellew. 

John  Hnrlin. 

John  Rice. 

Thomas  Hiffernan. 

Gerald  Dillon. 

Thomas  Boorke. 

Charles  Redmond. 

*  Murray's  Marlborough  Despatches,  v.  3,  p.  117. 



The  Illustrious  House  of  Hamilton  claims  descent 
from  Bernard,  a  noble  of  the  blood  Royal  of  Saxony, 
second  in  command  to  RoUo,  the  renowned  Duke  of 
Normandy,  at  the  close  of  the  ninth  century.  Hum- 
phrey, the  great  grandson  of  this  nobleman,  lived  in  the 
eleventh,  founded  and  endowed  the  Abbey  of  Preaux 
in  Normandy,  and  was  there  buried.  His  son,  Roger 
de  Beaumont,  was  one  of  the  council  who  encouraged 
William  the  Conqueror  to  invade  England ;  and 
Roger's  son,  Robert,  married  the  grand-daughter  of 
Henry  the  First,  King  of  France,  commanded  the 
right  wing  of  the  Conqueror's  army  at  the  great  bat- 
tle of  Hastings,  and  was  created  Earl  of  Leicester  in 
1103.  Robert,  the  third  Earl  of  Leicester,  grandson 
of  the  first,  died  and  was  buried  in  Greece  on  his 
return  from  the  Holy  Land  in  1190.  His  sister, 
having  been  married  to  the  Earl  of  Pembroke,  was 
mother  of  '  Strongbow.'  The  eldest  son  of  the  last 
named  Robert  died  without  issue  ;  his  second  son, 
Roger,  was  Bishop  of  St.  Andrews  ;  and  his  third  son, 
William,  having  been  born  at  Hambledon  in  Leicester- 
shire, took  his  surname  '  de  Hamilton '  from  that 
place,  and  was  the  more  especial  stock  of  the  widely 
extended  families  of  the  name.  About  the  year 
1215,  having  gone  into  Scotland  to  visit  his  sister, 
who  was  married  to  the  Earl  of  Winton,  he  was 
there   well   received  by    the   Scottish   King,   under 

166  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

whose  favour  he  settled  there,  and  intermarried  with 
the  daughter  and  representative  of  the  Earl  of 
Strathem.  His  son,  Sir  Gilbert,  married  Isabella, 
niece  to  Sir  Robert  Bruce,  and  their  son  particularly 
distinguished  himself  at  Bannockburn,  on  whose  field 
he  was  knighted.  It  is  of  family  tradition  that  Sir 
Gilbert,  the  younger  son  of  this  knight,  having  spoken 
in  honorable  terms  of  Robert  Bruce  at  the  Court  of 
King  Edward  in  1325,  received  a  taunting  insult 
from  John  de  Spencer,  and  a  rencontre  was  the  con- 
sequence, in  which  the  latter  fell.  Hamilton,  there- 
upon, a  stranger  as  he  was,  apprehensive  of  court 
influence  and  resentment  against  him,  fled  for  Scot- 
land ;  when,  being  closely  pursued  into  a  forest,  he 
and  his  servant  change^l  clothes  with  two  wood- 
cutters, and,  taking  their  Kaw,  were  cutting  through 
an  oak  tree  when  their  purwui^rs  came  up.  Perceiving 
his  servant's  attention  UMt  much  fixed  upon  them,  he 
hastily  reminded  him  of  the  part  he  was  to  act,  by  the 
word  ^through;'  rebuked  by  which  presence  of  mind, 
the  servant  resumed  his  work,  the  pursuers  passed 
unsuspectingly,  and  Sir  Gilbert  adopted  the  call 
^throughy  with  the  oak  tree  and  saw,  as  his  motto  and 
crest.  Such  were  the  armorials  of  the  Earl  of  Aber- 
com,  and  the  many  Hamiltons  that  succeeded  of  that 
stock.  Soon  after  Sir  Gilbert's  arrival  in  Scotland,  he 
obtained  a  grant  of  the  Barony  of  Cadzow  in  Lanark- 
shire, thenceforth  called  Hamilton.*  In  1346,  Sir 
David  '  Huml)l('t()n '  of  Cadzow,  accompanied   King 

*  Soc  ArchdalTs  Lodged  Piiorago,  v.  5,  p.  88  ct  soq. 

abercorn'8  horse.  167 

David  Bruce  to  the  battle  of  Durham,  where  he  was 
taken  prisoner  with  his  Royal  master  ;  but  having 
been  soon  after  ransomed,  he  was  one  of  the  *  Mag- 
nates  Scotise,'  who  assembled  at  Scone  to  acknowledge 
John,  Earl  of  Carrick,  eldest  son  of  King  Robert  the 
Second,  to  be  undoubted  heir  to  the  throne.  In  1445, 
Sir  John  Hamilton,  grandson  of  the  before  mentioned 
Sir  David  of  Cadzow,  was  joined  with  the  Earl  of 
Angus  in  the  command  of  the  Royal  Army,  on  the 
memorable  occasion  when  the  Earl  of  Douglas  was 
totally  routed.  In  1474,  Sir  James  Hamilton,  Lord 
Hamilton  of  Cadzow,  the  lineal  descendant  of  William 
who  first  assumed  the  name,  was  married  to  the  Prin- 
cess Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  James  the  Second,  King 
of  Scotland.  His  daughter  married  the  Earl  of 
Lennox  and  Damley,  and  was  thus  the  ancestress 
of  James  the  Second  of  this  campaign. 

Having  so  far  written  of  this  noble  family  in  Scot- 
land, its  introduction  into  Ireland  in  the  time  of 
James  the  First,  and  its  rapid  and  honorable  exten- 
sion over  that  kingdom  to  the  time  of  the  Revolution, 
are  subjects  of  more  native  interest.  In  1698,  Hans 
Hamilton,  the  lineal  descendant  of  the  Lords  of  Cad- 
zow,  died  minister  of  Dunlop  in  Scotland.  His  eldest 
son,  James  Hamilton,  was  the  first  of  the  family  who 
settled  in  Ireland  in  his  father's  life-time,  having  been 
sent  thither  with  James  Fullarton,  by  James  the  Sixth, 
afterwards  the  First  of  England,  to  encourage  his  ad- 
herents and  secure  his  interest  in  that  country.  The 
more  prudently  to  efiectuate  which  object,  and  not  to 

168  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

obtrude  the  real  motives  of  their  mission,  they 
assumed  the  character  and  office  of  school-masters, 
and  actually  presided  over  that  Grammar-school 
where  Primate  Usher  received  his  rudiments,  and 
from  which  he  entered  Trinity  College  under  said 
James  Hamilton,  then  a  Fellow  of  tliis  University. 
King  James,  on  his  accession  to  the  Crown  of  Eng- 
land, rewarded  the  services  of  this  his  agent  by  exten- 
sive  grants  of  lands  in  the  County  of  Down,  and  con- 
ferred on  him  successively  the  honour  of  Knighthood 
and  the  titles  of  Viscount  Claneboy  and  Earl  of  Clan- 
brassil,  which  title  became  extinct  on  the  failure  of 
his  line  in  his  grandson  Viscount  Claneboy.  The 
Earl  also  acquired  considerable  estates  in  the  County 
of  Louth,  by  assignment  from  Sir  Nicholas  Bagnal, 
and  having  invited  his  brothers  from  Scotland  to  par- 
ticipate in  the  advantages  which  his  rank,  property 
and  influence  gave  him  in  Ireland,  five  of  them  accord- 
ingly came  over.  Of  these,  Archibald,  the  second 
son  of  Hans,  became  the  ancestor  of  the  Hamiltons  of 
Killileagh  and  Killough ;  Gawen,  the  third  son,  was  an- 
cestor of  Robert  Hamilton  of  Kildare ;  John  Hamilton, 
the  fourth  son,  settling  in  Armagh,  married  Sarah, 
daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Brabazon,  and  from  their 
union  sprang  the  Hamiltons  of  Mount  Hamilton, 
County  of  Carlow,  those  of  Sheep  Hill,  County  of 
Dublin,  and  of  Rock-Hamilton,  County  of  Down. 
William  Hamilton,  the  fifth  son  of  Hans,  was  ancestor 
of  the  lines  of  Bangor,  Tyrella,  Balbriggan,  and  Tolly- 
more  ;  as  was  Patrick  Hamilton  of  the  Hamiltons  of 

abercorn's  horse.  169 

Granshaw,  and  Mount  Clithero,  some  of  whom 
returned  to  Scotland,  while  others  are  yet  established 
in  the  Barony  of  Ardes. 

In  1615,  James  Hamilton  of  Cadzow  acquired  the 
manor  of  Drumkea,  with  the  Islands  in  the  County  of 
Fermanagh  ;  which  he  afterwards  sold  to  John  Arch- 
dall,  who  took  out  a  fresh  patent  thereof  Robert 
Hamilton  likewise  then  acq;uired  considerable  estates 
in  that  County,  and  Sir  Claud  Hamilton  became 
seized  of  upwards  of  3,000  acres  in  the  County  of 
Cavan,  as  were  other  members  of  this  family  of  differ- 
ent tracts  therein.  In  1618,  James,  the  second  Earl 
of  Abercorn,  eldest  son  of  the  first,  was  created  Lord 
Hamilton,  Baron  of  Strabane  ;  which  honor  was  how- 
ever, on  his  Lordship's  petition,  transferred  to  his  next 
brother,  the  Honorable  Claud  Hamilton,  who  had 
married  a  daughter  of  the  first  Marquis  of  Huntly, 
and  died  in  1638,  leaving  by  her  Sir  James,  his  eldest 
son.  Lord  Strabane,  who  was  drowned  in  1655 ;  when 
the  title  devolved  upon  Claud,  the  fourth  Lord  Stra- 
bane, and  fifth  Earl  of  Abercorn,  he  having  been  the 
son  and  heir  of  George  Hamilton,  (the  brother  of 
James)  by  a  sister  of  Richard  Fagan  of  Feltrim, 
hereafter  mentioned,  a  Captain  in  the  Royal  Regiment 
of  Infantry ;  and  this  Earl  Claud  was  the  Colonel  of 
the  present  Regiment  of  Horse. 

Other  sons  of  James,  the  first  Earl  of  Abercorn, 
besides  James  the  second  Earl,  and  Claiide  the  third, 
were  Sir  William  Hamilton,  who  died  s.p.,  and  George 
of  Dunalong,  created  a  Baronet  of  Ireland  in  1660,  for 

170  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

his  services  to  the  Royal  cause.  His  issue  will  be 
alluded  to  hereafter.  The  Acts  of  Settlement  and 
Explanation,  in  1662-5,  contained  a  saving  for 
arrears  due  to  this  Sir  George,  and  also  an  appropri- 
ation of  one  third  of  the  estate  of  Sir  Nicholas 
Plunkett  for  him.  In  1673,  he  was  commissioned  by 
the  Earl  of  Essex,  then  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland, 
on  the  King's  order,  to  recruit  a  Regiment  of  Infantry 
for  the  service  of  France,  which  was  ultimately  raised 
and  did  active  duty  under  Turenne  on  the  Rhine,  in 
that  year  and  the  ensuing.* 

The  Colonel  at  present  under  consideration 
attended  King  James  from  France  to  Ireland  ;  on 
his  arrival  in  Dublin,  was  sworn  of  the  Privy  Council, 
and  sat  in  the  Parliament  of  1689.t  He  was 
engaged  in  Lord  Mount-Cashers  unsuccessful  expedi- 
tion against  the  Enniskilleners,  and  was  wounded  on 
that  occasion.  On  the  28th  of  April,  1688,  when 
James  Hamilton,  who  afterwards  succeeded  to  the 
Peerage,  had  brought  arms  and  ammunition  into 
Derry,  this  Lord  Claud,  says  Walker,  in  his  work  on 
the  siege,  (p.  23)  "  came  up  to  our  walls,  making  us 
many  proposals  and  offering  his  King's  pardon,  protec- 
tion, and  favour,  if  we  would  surrender  the  town;  but 
these  fine  words  had  no  place  with  the  Garrison." 
After  the  defeat  at  the  Boyne,  when  the  Duke  of  Ber- 
wick sought  to  rally  about  7,000  foot  at  Brazeel,  near 
Dublin,  three  of  the  troops,  sent  out  by  King  James 

*  O'Conor's  Military  Memoirs,  p.  87. 
t  Somers'  State  Tracts,  v.  11,  p.  434. 

abercorn's  horse.  171 

to  cover  his  retreat,  were  of  Abercorn's  Horse.  This 
colonel  himself  subsequently  embarked  for  France 
with  James,  but  lost  his  life  on  the  voyage.  He  was 
attainted  in  1691,  the  earliest  act  of  his  treason 
having  been  assigned  to  the  1st  of  March,  1688.  The 
Inquisition  held  on  his  outlawry  at  Strabane,  finds 
him  to  have  been  seized  of  an  immense  tract  of 
townlands  in  the  County  of  Tyrone,  with  sundry 
chief  rents  and  tenements.  On  his  attainder,  the 
estates  and  title  of  Strabane  became  forfeited,  but  the 
Earldom  descended  to  his  brother  Charles,  who,  far- 
ther obtaining  a  reversal  of  Lord  Claud's  outlawry, 
succeeded  to  the  restored  title  of  Strabane,  and  died 
in  1701  without  issue,  when  the  honours  and  estates 
devolved  upon  his  kinsman, 


Who  had  been  in  the  military  service  and  confidence 
of  James  the  Second,  but,  espousing  the  cause  of  Wil- 
liam, took,  as  before  suggested,  a  distinguished  part 
at  the  siege  of  Derry  against  his  former  master.*  He 
arrived  in  that  city  on  the  20th  of  March,  1688,  from 
England,  with  arms  and  ammunition  for  the  citizens, 
and  a  Conmiission  for  Colonel  Lundy  to  be  Governor; 
whereupon  William  and  Mary  were  proclaimed  the 
sovereigns  in  that  city.      In  June,  1690,  previous  to 

*  Burke's  Peerage,  pp.  1  &  2. 


the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  this  James  Hamilton  was  ixj- 
commended  to  the  especial  notice  of  Sir  Robert  South- 
well, then  King  William's  Irish  Secretary,  by  a  letter 
from  Colonel  Fitz-patrick,  in  which  he  said,  "  the 
bearer  hereof.  Colonel  James  Hamilton,  married  the 
Earl  of  Monmouth's  sister  ;  he  has  the  best  estate  of 
all  the  Hamiltons  in  the  North  of  Ireland,  is  a  very 
rational  and  well  affected  gentleman,  and  as  such  I 
recommend  him  to  you.  If  there  he  any  occasion  to 
employ  stick  men,  you  will  find  him  an  honest  sober 
man."*  On  the  death  of  Colonel  Lord  Claud  in  1701, 
this  latter  individual  succeeded  to  the  titles,  and  in 
1706  took  his  seat  in  the  Scottish  Parliament.  Ire- 
land however  was  his  usual  place  of  residence,  and  of 
that  realm  he  was  in  December,  1701,  created  Baron 
Mountcastle  and  Viscount  Strabane.  He  had 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir  Robert 
Reading,  Baronet,  of  Dublin,  by  whom  he  had  nine 
sons  and  four  daughters,  and  died  in  November, 

There  were  various  other  Hamiltons  concerned  at 
each  side  in  this  unfortunate  Civil  War.  On  James's 
side  were  also, 


Of  whose  policy,  the  Commissioners,  who  were  sent 

♦  Thorpe's  Cat.  SouthweU  MSS.,  p.  179. 
f  Burke's  Peerage,  p.  2. 

abercorn's  horse.  173 

over  to  St.  Gemiains  to  complain  of  Tyrconnel, 
expressed  great  dissatisfaction  *  they  considering  it 
temporising.  His  name  appears  on  the  establishment 
of  1687-8,  as  one  of  the  Brigadiers  on  pay  of  £497 
10s.  He  was  a  Roman  Catholic,  the  fifth  son  of  the 
aforesaid  Sir  George  Hamilton  of  Donalong,  and  had 
served  with  considerable  reputation  in  France  ;  but 
was  banished  from  that  country  on  account  of  his  un- 
pardonably  aspiring  addresses  to  the  Princess  de 
Conti,  the  daughter  of  the  French  King.  He  was  the 
officer  whom  Tyrconnel  entrusted  with  the  command 
of  2,500  men,  to  make  head  against  the  rebels  in 
Ulster,  and  whose  partial  success  against  them  at 
Dromore,  and  forcing  them  back  to  Coleraine,  was  the 
first  auspicious  intelligence  which  King  James 
learned  on  his  arrival  in  Dublin.  He  forced  the  pass 
at  Clareford,  "  his  horse  swimming  across  the  water, 
because  the  enemy  had  broke  the  bridge :"!  and  had 
afterwards  the  important  confidential  command  of  the 
army  besieging  Deny.  On  the  15th  June,  1689,  he 
caused  the  boom  to  be  drawn  across  the  Foyle,  to  pre- 
vent  the  entry  of  expected  vessels  for  the  relief  of 
that  city.  It  was  by  his  advice  King  James  took  the 
precaution  of  stationing  Sir  Neill  O'Neill,  with  his 
Dragoons,  at  the  ford  of  the  Boyne  near  Slane,J  and  on 
the  day  of  the  battle  he  led  a  Regiment  of  Infantry  to 
the  very  margin  of  that  river,  to  oppose  the  passage 
of  King  William's  forces.     In  the  last  charge,  he  was 

♦  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  423.         f  l^em,  v.  2,  p.  331. 
X  D'Alton  s  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  823. 

174  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

routed,  wounded  and  taken  prisoner.  On  the  close  of 
the  campaign  he  betook  himself  to  France,  where,  in 
1696,  at  Calais,  the^oyal  Exile,  possibly  under  some 
expectation  of  an  invasion  for  the  assertion  of  his 
restoration,  confirmed  him  Lieutenant-General  of  his 
forces,  and  in  a  few  days  after  appointed  him  Master  of 
the  Robes.*  Leslie  says  that  throughout  his^  service 
in  Ulster  he  zealously  protected  the  Protestants,  and 
kept  his  soldiers  under  strict  discipline-f 

Another  officer  of  this  name  and  service,  but  not 
commissioned  on  this  Roll,  though  afterwards  ap- 
pointed the  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  Lord  Mount- 
CasheFs  Infantry,  was 


He  had  distinguished  himself  in  the  command  of  the 
Regiment  which  his  father.  Sir  George  Hamilton  of 
Dunalong,  had,  as  before  mentioned,  raised  in  1673, 
and  was  honored  with  the  rank  of  Major-General  by 
the  French  King.  In  1676,  he  served  under  the 
Duke  of  Luxemburg  in  Alsace.  (See  of  him,  post^ 
at  Lord  Mount-CasheFs  Infantry.)  He  had  a  brother 
the  more  remarkable  and  truly  gallant 


Of  whom,  although  not  strictly  within  the  proposed 

•  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  643. 
t  Leslie's  Answer  to  King. 

abercorn's  horse.  175 

scope  of  these  Illustrations,  it  may  be  said  that, 
having  been,  some  years  previous  to  this  Civil  War, 
banished  on  account  of  his  persecuted  creed  from  the 
Court  of  Charles  the  Second,  he  commanded  an  Irish 
Regiment  under  Louis  the  Fourteenth,  and  was 
engaged  in  the  campaigns  of  1673-5  under  Marshal 
Turenne.  In  the  latter  year,  when  Turenne  fell  by 
a  cannon  ball,  the  French  army  was  saved  from  utter 
destruction  by  this  gaUant  Irishman,  as  very  fully  and 
graphically  detailed  in  O'Conor's  ^Recollections  of  Swit- 
zerland.^ In  1676,  he  was  serving  under  the  Prince 
de  Conde ;  but  on  the  march  towards  Sauveme,  was 
killed  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Zebernstieg,  with  a 
large  part  of  the  three  Regiments  which  he  commanded, 
and  but  for  whose  gallant  conduct  the  French  would, 
as  on  the  former  occasion,  have  been  entirely  cut 

So  numerous  nevertheless  were  the  Hamiltons,  who 
espoused  the  cause  of  King  William,  even  before  his 
coming  over  to  Ireland,  that,  in  King  James's  Parlia- 
ment  of  May,  1689,  no  le3s  than  forty-six  of  the  name 
were  attainted  or  otherwise  proscribed.  Colonel  Gus- 
tavus  Hamilton,  it  may  be  mentioned,  particularly 
distinguished  himself  for  William  at  the  battle  of  the 
Boyne ;  and  yet  more  signally  by  wading  through  the 
Shannon,  and  storming  the  town  of  Athlone,  at  the 
head  of  the  English  Grenadiers. 

George  Hamilton,  fifth  son  of  the  Earl  of  Selkirk? 
likewise  distinguished  himself  at  the  Boyne  under  the 
same  Monarch,  as  well  as  at  Aughrim  in  1691,  at 


Steenkirk  in  1692,  and  at  Landen  in  the  following 
year.  By  reason  of  all  which  and  other  military 
achievements,  he  was  in  1695  advanced  to  the  Peerage 
as  Earl  of  Orkney,  and  had  grants  of  a  considerable 
proportion  of  the  private  estates  of  King  James  in 
Ireland.  In  1704,  he  acquitted  himself  heroically  at 
the  battle  of  Blenheim  ;  in  1706,  was  at  the  siege  of 
Menin ;  in  1708,  commanded  the  van  of  the  army  at 
the  passing  of  the  Scheldt,  assisted  at  the  siege  of 
Tournay,  was  at  the  battle  of  Malplaquet,  and  render- 
ed numerous  other  services,  which  were  rewarded  with 
a  succession  of  honors  to  the  time  of  his  death  in 

In  1691,  Henry  Hamilton  of  Baillieborough, 
(lineal  ancestor  of  James  Hans  Hamilton,  Esq.  of 
Sheep-Hill,  one  of  the  present  Members  of  Parliament 
for  the  County  of  Dublin,)  was  killed  on  the  walls  of 
Limerick.  The  outlawries  of  this  year  exhibit  the 
names  of  the  above  Earl  of  Abercorn,  Darby  Hamil- 
ton of  Athlone ;  John,  Richard,  and  Anthony  Hamil- 
ton of  Dublin  ;  Robert  of  Hamilton's-Bawn,  County 
of  Armagh  ;  and  Richard  and  John  Hamilton  of 
Pennyburn-Mill,  County  of  Londonderry.  In  1693, 
a  petition  was  got  up  on  behalf  of  the  British  Protes- 
tants of  Ireland,  setting  forth  their  services  in  estab- 
lishing English  Government,  and  suggesting  that,  as 
intentions  were  avowed  by  certain  outlawed  exiles,  of 
bringing  writs  of  error  to  reverse  their  attainders,  the 
petitioners  therefore  prayed  securities  from  the  Legis- 
lature against  any  such  attempts.     This  document 

abercorn's  horse.  177 

was  signed  by  James  Hamilton,  M.P.  for  the 
Borough  of  Tullamore,  another  James  Hamilton,  one 
of  the  Representatives  of  the  County  of  Down,  and 
Hans  Hamilton,  M.P.  for  Killileagh.* 

At  the  Court  of  Claims  in  1700,  the  charges  which 
were  sought  to  be  established  against  this  Earl  of 
Abercorn's  estates  were,  by  William  Hamilton,  who 
claimed,  and  was  allowed,  as  "  grandson  and  heir  of 
William,  who  was  son  and  heir  of  William  Hamilton," 
a  fee  farm  by  descent  in  the  Tyrone  lands  forfeited  by 
the  Earl.  James  Hamilton,  senior,  claimed  and  was 
allowed  sundry  other  interests  therein,  as  was  also 
John  Hamilton ;  while  Lady  Elizabeth,  Baroness  Dow- 
ager of  Strabane,  claimed  dower  thereoff ;  and  many 
creditors  and  sub-lessees  petitioned  for  the  benefit  of 
their  several  interests.  Colonel  Gustavus  Hamilton 
also  sought  and  was  allowed  the  amount  of  sundry 
bond-debts  against  this  estate.  On  the  same  occasion, 
Anne  Hamilton,  widow  of  Sir  Robert  Hamilton, 
Knight,  and  others,  as  Executors  of  James  Hamilton 
deceased,  claimed  and  were  allowed  a  judgment  debt 
charged  on  the  estates  of  Valentine  Russell  attainted. 


Is  particularly  mentioned  hereafter,  as  the  Colonel  of 
an  Infantry  Regiment. 

•  Rawdon  Papers,  pp.  372-3. 


In  relation  to  the  Balbriggan  Hamiltons,  (sprung 
from  William,  the  fifth  son,  as  before  mentioned,  of 
the  Keverend  Hans  Hamilton,  the  lineal  descendant 
of  the  Lords  of  Cadzow,)  Alexander,  who  from  the 
year  1739  to  1760  represented  the  Borough  of  Kil- 
lileagh  in  the  Irish  Parliament,  became  the  purchaser 
of  Balbriggan,  which  passed  on  his  decease  to  his 
son,  the  Honorable  George  Hamilton,  member  of  Par- 
liament for  Belfast,  afterwards  a  Baron  of  the  Ex- 
chequer, and  yet  more  distinguished  for  public  spirit 
in  promoting  the  trade  and  welfare  of  his  country. 
He  died  at  Oswestry  in  1793,  and  was  buried  in  the 
family  vault  at  Balrothery.  Alexander  had  another 
son,  Hugh,  a  Fellow  of  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  Dean 
of  Armagh,  next  advanced  to  the  See  of  Clonfert,  and 
afterwards  to  that  of  Ossory.  On  the  Baron's  death, 
the  Balbriggan  property  descended  to  his  son,  the 
Reverend  George  Hamilton,  and  from  him  to  his  son, 
George  Alexander  Hamilton,  heretofore  a  member  of 
Parliament  for  the  City  of  Dublin,  and  now  for  its 
University.  He  is  the  lineal  descendant  in  the 
twenty-fifth  degree  from  Bernard,  the  nobleman  of 
Saxony  noticed  as  the  founder  of  the  Family  of 
Hamilton ;  and  this  long  line  of  ancestry  could  not  be 
more  proudly  represented  in  honour,  integrity,  and 
honesty  of  purpose  than  by  George  Alexander  Hamil- 

abercorn's  horse.  179 


This  surname  is  traced  on  Irish  record  from  the  time 
of  Edward  the  Third,  in  which  reign  John  '  Corbett ' 
was  'Constable'  of  the  Castle  of  Limerick.  It  is  not, 
however,  associated  with  the  character  of  achieve- 
ment that  marks  the  chief  families  of  this  '  List.'  In 
1655,  Miles  Corbet,  one  of  the  Regicides,  of  whom  a 
full  account  is  given  in  '  The  History  of  the  County 
of  Dublin^  (p.  194)  was  appointed  Chief  Baron  of 
the  Irish  Exchequer,  and  was  subsequently  one  of  the 
Commissioners  of  the  Great  Seal  of  Chancery.  The 
above  Major  Thomas,  having  risen  in  the  campaign, 
appears  to  have  been  the  'Lieutenant-Colonel  Cor- 
bet,'  who,  according  to  Story,  "  came  to  De  Ginkle, 
and  proposed  the  bringing  over  of  Tyrconnel's  and 
Gralmoy's  Regiments  of  Horse,  and  out  of  them  to 
make  one  good  regiment  to  serve  their  Majesties  in 
Flanders,"  provided  he  should  have  the  command. 

Another   Corbet  was    appointed   Major  of 

Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's  Infantry,  as  noted  post. 


This  family,  (which  deduces  its  descent  from  Saxon 
times,  from  Ailmer  Earl  of  Cornwall,  who  lived  in  the 
reign  of  King  Ethelred,)  settled  in  the  County  of 
Kildare  at  the  close  of  the  thirteenth  centuiy.     In 

N  2 


1525,  Sir  (Jerald  Aylmer  was  advanced  to  the  Chief 
Justiceship  of  the  Common  Pleas,  and  in  1535,  was 
made  Chief  Baron  ;  in  which  latter  year  Richard 
Aylmer  was  appointed  Chief  Sergeant  of  the  County 
of  Kildare.  He  was  then  residing  at  Lyons  in  that 
County,  which  became  thenceforth,  as  in  truth  it  had 
long  previously  been,  the  ancestral  seat  of  the  elder 
stock.  'From  him  in  the  direct  line  descended  George 
Aylmer,  hereafter  alluded  to  as  a  Captain  in  Colonel 
Roger  Mac  EUigott's  Infantry.  Gerald,  the  third  son 
of  Richard,  settled  at  Donadea,  was  knighted  in  1605, 
became  a  Baronet  in  1621,  and  his  line  is  still  re- 
presented in  Sir  Grerald  George  Aylmer  of  Donadea 
Castle,  Premier  Baronet ;  while  another,  that  of  Bal- 
rath  or  Dollardstown,  was  founded  by  the  Right 
Honourable  Gerald  Aylmer,  Knight,  second  son  of 
Bartholomew  Aylmer  of  Lyons.  lie  was  appointed 
one  of  the  Justices  of  the  Common  Pleas  in  Ireland 
in  1532;  promoted  to  the  Exchequer  in  1534;  in 
1535,  further  elevated  to  the  Chief  Justiceship  of  the 
Common  Pleas  ;  in  which  latter  year,  on  the  occasion 
of  the  Battle  of  Bellahoa,  where  the  forces  of  the  Pale 
defeated  O'Neill,  this  Chief  Justice  was,  with  Talbot 
of  Malahide  and  the  Mayors  of  Dublin  and  Drogheda, 
respectively  knighted  on  the  field ;  and,  as  Cox 
observes,  "well  they  merited  the  honor  for  their  good 
service  in  obtaining  so  great  a  victory,  which  broke 
the  power  of  the  North  and  quieted  the  borders  for 
some  years."*     In  1553,  he  was  appointed  Lord  Chief 

♦  D' Alton  s  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  193. 

abercorn's  horse.  181 

Justice  of  the  Queen's  Bench.  His  descendant,  Mat- 
thew Aylmer,  a  distinguished  naval  oflScer,  was  in 
1692  appointed  Rear  Admiral  of  the  Red  Squadron, 
and  sent  to  the  Mediterranean,  where  he  acquired 
great  reputation  by  his  management  in  arranging 
treaties  with  the  various  states  of  Northern  Africa. 
He  for  some  time  represented  Dover  in  Parliament, 
and  was  raised  to  the  Peerage  of  Ireland  in  1718,  by 
the  title  of  Lord  Aylmer,  Baron  of  Balrath,  a  dignity 
which  still  exists.  Of  his  line  was  the  above  Captain 

On  the  dissolution  of  Monasteries,  Nicholas  Aylmer 
acquired  parcels  of  the  possessions  of  the  respective 
religious  houses  of  Monasterevan  and  Naas,  County  of 
Kildare,  and  of  the  Commandery  of  Knights  Hospital- 
lers  of  Killure,  County  of  Waterford.  Garret  Aylmer 
was  one  of  the  gentry  who  attended  in  1641  the 
meeting  on  Crofty  Hill. 

The  Act  of  Settlement  (1662)  contained  a  saving 
for  Sir  Andrew  Aylmer  of  Donadea  of  his  estate,  while 
the  clause  of  Royal  Thanks  therein,  for  "  services 
beyond  the  seas,"  includes  the  name  of  Captain  Gar- 
ret Aylmer. 

In  Colonel  Roger  Mac  Elligott's  Infantry,  George 
Aylmer  was,  as  before  suggested,  a  Captain  ;  while 

Peter  Aylmer  was  a  Lieutenant. At  the  siege  of 

Deny  in  1689,  Sir  Garret  Aylmer  was  taken  prisoner, 
nor  was  he  released  on  exchange  until  May,  1691.* 
^The  Aylmers  attainted  in  the  last  year  were 

•  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  2,  p.  76. 


Gerald  or  Garret  Aylmer  of  Balrath,  George  Ayl- 
raer  of  Caronstown,  Christopher  and  Richard  of  Senes- 
chalstown,  Garret  of  Lyons,  George  of  Dublin,  Gar- 
ret of  Pennybum-mill,  County  of  Deny,  Knight,  and 
Lady  Ellen  Aylmer  of  Sallins.  Sir  Gerald  Aylmer 
was  held  entitled  to  the  benefit  of  the  Articles  of 
Limerick^  as  were   also  Peter  Aylmer   and   Colonel 

George  (of  whom  post). In  1705,  a  'Mr.  Aylmer,' 

having  memorialled  for  leave  to  return  to  Ireland, 
his  petition  was  referred  to  Sir  Richard  Cox,  who  at 
the  close  of  September  in  that  year  writes,  "  I  don't 
see  any  great  difficulty  in  it  ;  he  must  by  Act  of  Par- 
liament pay  40  shillings  per  annum  to  a  Free 
School,  and  his  licence  costs  about  30s.  to  the  several 
officers  ;  and  it  cannot  be  of  any  consequence,  that  a 
few  silly  fellows  may  be  suffered  to  eat  potatoes  and 
spend  their  money  in  their  native  country.''  A  few 
days  after  he  writes,  ''  I  won't  bum  my  fingers  about 
Aylmer  ;   if  there  be  any  difficulty  in  it,  let  it  alone." 

At  the  Battle  of  Lauffield,  in  1747,    'Elmer,'  a 
Lieutenant  in  Clare's  Regiment,  was  wounded. 


This  name  is  recognised  in  Ireland  since  the  thirteenth 
century.  In  1294,  John  Rice  was  Lord  Treasurer  of 
this  Kingdom.  In  the  fifteenth,  the  name  appears 
amongst  the  Corporate  Officials  of  Limerick,  of  which 
town,  Walter  Rice  was  Mayor  in  1520.     In  the  reign 

abercorn's  horse.  183 

of  Elizabeth,  Stephen  Rice  came  over  as  an  under- 
taker, and  settled  at  Dingle  in  Kerry,  which  County 
he  represented  in  the  Parliaments  of  King  James  the 
First.  He  married  Ellen  Trant,  and  died  in  1622,  as 
commemorated  by  an  old  gravestone  in  the  churchyard 
of  Dingle,  whereon  it  is  stated  that  his  age  at  the 
time  of  his  decease  was  80  years,  and  that  his  '  loyal 
wife,'  EUena  Trant,  who  died  five  years  before  him, 
lies  there  also. — His  eldest  son  and  heir,  James  Rice, 
stiled  of  Ballinruddell,  first  married  Eleanor,  daughter 
of  Robert  White  of  Limerick,  and  secondly,  Phillis 
Fanning  of  Limerick,  by  which  last  wife  he  left  issue 
eight  sons  and  three  daughters.  His  eldest  son,  James, 
who  succeeded  to  the  family  estate,  was  attainted  in 

1 642,    and  his   confiscation    was    granted   to 

MuUins ;  while  James's  son  and  heir,  Edward  Rice, 
(who  was  one  of  the  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilken- 
ny  in  1646),  marrying  Alice,  daughter  of  Sir  William 
Sheircliffe,  one  of  Cromwell's  officers,  acquired  through 
her  the  estate  of  Castle-Gregory,  theretofore  forfeited 
by  one  of  the  Husseys.  Stephen  Rice,  the  fifth  son  of 
said  James,  by  Phillis  Fanning,  was  in  1685  ap- 
pointed a  Privy  Councillor,  and  in  1686  a  Baron  of 
the  Irish  Exchequer,  though  '  a  papist,'  his  taking 
the  oath  of  supremacy  having  been  dispensed  with.* 
In  the  following  year  he  was  made  Chief  Baron,  and 
knighted,  was  of  Tyrconnel's  suite  in  the  interview 
with  King  James  at  Chester,  and  was  the  chief  agent 
in  representing  to  His  Majesty  such  an  aspect  of  Irish 

♦  Clarendon's  State  Letters,  v.  2,  p.  420. 

•184  RLNG  James's  irish  army  list. 

'  feeling  as  he  thought  he  was  justified  in  offering. 
On  Tyrconners  departure  for  France,  Sir  Stephen 
Rice  was  left  by  him,  joined  in  commission  with  Sir 
Richard  Nagle,  for  the  government  of  Ireland  ;  and  it 
is  said  that  the  unexecuted  patents  for  making  him, 
Sir  Patrick  Trant,  and  Robert  Grace,  Peers  of  Ire^ 
land,  were  found  at  Dublin  Castle  on  King  William's 
arrival  there.*  Sir  Stephen  was  attainted  in  1691, 
but  adjudged  within  the  articles  of  Limerick.  His 
exertions,  in  opjwsing  the  passing  of  the  unfortunate 
Bill  "  to  prevent  the  further  growth  of  Popery,"  are 
alluded  to  ante^  at  Lord  Galmoy,  p.  104.  After  the 
Revolution  he  remained  in  Ireland  in  possession  of  a 
large  property,  died  in  1714,  and  was  buried  in  St. 
James's  churchyard,  Dublin,  with  many  of  his  fellow 
labourers  in  the  Stuart  cause,  and  more  especially 
beside  Sir  Toby  Butler.  By  his  will,  he  left  his 
estates  chiefly  to  his  eldest  son,  Edward  Rice  ;  but, 
as  Sir  Stephen  died  *  a  Papist,'  these  estates  would 
have  passed  in  gavel  had  not  Edward  conformed, 
which  he  did,  and  died  himself  in  1720,t  having 
erected  a  costly  monument  over  his  father's  grave. 
The  other  sons  of  Sir  Stephen,  by  his  wife  Mary 
Fitzgerald,  were  James  and  Thomas.J  His  lady 
survived  him,  and  was  executrix  of  his  will. 

In  King  James's  new  Chaiiiers,  Francis  Rice,  mer- 
chant,  was  a  Burgess  in  that  to  Dublin ;  while  in  that 

♦  Memoirs  of  the  Grace  Family,  p.  42. 

t  Howard's  Popery  Cases,  p.  71,  &c. 

X  Archdairs  Lodge's  Peerage,  v.  2,  p.  54. 

ABEROPRX'S  horse:  18i5 

to  Limerick,  John  Rice  Fitz-William,  John  Rice  Fitz^ ' 
Edward,  and  the  above  Sir'  Stephen  Rice  were  Bip:- . 
gesses,  the  latter  being  also  named  an  Alderman  in 
the  Charter  to  Waterfbrd.    Peter  Rice  was  a  Burgess 
in  that  to  Ennis,  as  was  Robert  in  that  to  Einsale. 

^ In  the  Parliament  of  1689,  Edward  was  one  of 

the  Representatives  of  the  Borough  of  Askeaton,  as 
was  Edward  Fitz- James  Rice,  of  Ballinleggin,  County 
of  Limerick,  (who  had  been  previously  Sheriff  of 
Limerick)  one  of  those  for  the  Borough  of  Dingle-i- 

Of  the  few  contemporaneous  documents  that  have 
been  sent  in  to  aid  those  Illustrations,  one  concerns 
the  above  Captain.  It  is  an  order  from  the  Colonel 
of  this  Regiment  to  Alderman  John  Leonard  of  Lim- 
erick, directing  him  to  pay  to  this  Captain  John  Rice 
the  sum  of  £175  ;  "being  the  proportion  that  comes 
to  him  for  the  *  mounting*  our  two  troops,  he  '  given' 
you  his  receipt  for  it.^  The  order  is  dated  9th  of 
March,  1689,  three  days  before  the  King  landed  at 
Kinsale,  and  the  receipt  is  indorsed  14th,  two  days 
after  that  event. .  Another  John  Rice  was  a  Captain 
in  Colonel  Charles  O'Bryan's  Infantry,  and  either  of 
these  Johns  appears  identical  with  the  Colonel  John 
Rice,  who,  after  the  surrender  of  Limerick,  brought  in 
to  King  William  a  Regiment  of  Horse,  on  the  faith 
of  being  received  into  the  establishment  on  English 

The  Rices  attainted  in  1691  were  Edward  Rice  of 
Askeaton,  Edward  Fitz- James  Rice  of  Ballyquelig, 


County  of  Limerick,  John  Rice  of  Clonee,  County  of 
Carlow,  John  Rice  of  Limerick,  merchant,  and  David 
of  Dingle,  County  of  Kerry ;  while  Nicholas  and  Tho- 
mas  Rice  were  adjudged  within  the  Articles  of  Lime- 
rick.  Edward  Rice  forfeited  a  fishing  weir  and  some 

lands  and  tenements  in  Kerry,  with  very  large  estates 
in  Limerick ;  portions  charged  upon  which  were 
claimed  by  his  only  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of 
Thomas  Arthur,  and  by  others.  Claims  were  also 
made  at  Chichester  House  by  Thomas  Rice  for  a 
leasehold  mortgage  on  Kerry  lands,  forfeited  by  Ni- 
cholas Skiddy  ;  the  deed  creating  the  incumbrance 
was  witnessed  by  Dominick  Rice,  Thomas  Rice,  &c. 
and  the  claim  was  allowed.  Thomas  Rice  and  Mary 
his  wife  claimed  and  were  allowed  a  portion,  charged 
by  the  will  of  her  father  James  Rice  on  Kerry  lands 
forfeited  by  Edward  Rice.  John  Rice  Fitz- William 
claimed  and  was  allowed  a  freehold  interest  in  lands 
in  the  County  of  Limerick,  forfeited  by  Nicholas 
Browne  and  Helen  his  wife.  Piers  Arthur  and  Mary 
his  wife,  late  widow  of  Edward  Rice  Fitz-James, 
claimed  her  jointure  off  the  lands  of  Ballyneety,  in 
the  County  of  Kerry,  forfeited  by  said  Edward. 

James  Rice,  before  mentioned  as  the  eldest  son  of 
Sir  Stephen  by  his  second  wife,  married  Susanna, 
daughter  of  Sir  Henry  O'Brien,  by  whom  he  had 
issue  two  sons,  Stephen  and  Francis.  Stephen,  the 
eldest  son,  succeeded  at  Mount-Rice,  and  died  in 
1755,  leaving  issue  Stephen,  who  married  the  daugh- 

abercorn's  horse.  187 

ter  of  Joshua  Meredith.*  From  Thomas,  the  second 
son  of  Sir  Stephen,  it  is  alleged  that  Lord  Monteagle 
is  descehded. 

In  1790,  the  Right  Honorable  James  Louis  Count 
Rice,  of  the  Holy  Roman  Empire,  sold  the  lands  of 
Dingle  to  George  Nagle. 


The  O'Heffernans  possessed  a  territory  about  Corofin 
in  the  County  of  Clare,  called  from  them  Muintir- 
Ifemain,  from  which  stock  a  branch  was  transplanted 
to  the  Barony  of  Owny  and  Arra,  County  of  Tippe- 
rary.  "  Their  war-cry ,**  says  Ware,t  "  was  '  Ceart- 
na-suas-aboe,'  i.  e.  *the  cause  of  right  from  above,' 
alluding  perhaps  to  their  crest,  which  was  an  armed 
hand,  couped  at  the  wrist  and  erect,  holding  a  broken 
sword,  all  proper^  signifying,  as  it  would  seem,  that 
there  was  no  justice  to  be  expected  from  the  sword, 
but  from  the  protection  of  Heaven.*'  Mr.  Hardiman, 
in  his  Irish  Minstrelsy^  has  preserved  a  poem  written 
about  a  century  since,  much  in  the  spirit  of  that 
war-cry  as  Ware  interprets  it,  and  by  an  O'Heffeman, 
William  *dall,'  the  blind.  The  poem  is  entitled 
'  Cliona  of  the  Rock,'  and,  while  the  editor  says  this 
William  "  composed  many  other  poetical  pieces  which 
are  deservedly  popular,"  he  adds,  "  if  he  had  left  no 

*  Archdall's  Lodge's  Peerage,  v.  3,  p.  205. 
t  Antiqiiities,  p.  163. 


other  than  '  Cliona,'  it  would  be  sufficient  to  rescue 
his  name  firom  oblivion.*'* 

The  Four  Masters  record  the  death  of  Madadain 
O'Heffeman,  Chief  of  Clan-Cruain,  in  1047,  and  an 
engagement,  in  1150,  between  Turlough  O'Brien  on 
the  one  part,  and  the  O'Carrols  and  O'Rourkes  on 
the  other,  wherein  many  of  the  latter  party  and  the 
son  of  0"lfernan'  were  slain.  They  also  make  men- 
tion  of  the  Clan-Hiffernan  at  1170.  In  1543,  ^neas 
O'Hiffernan,  who  had  been  an  Hospitaller  and  Pre- 
ceptor of  Any,  in  the  County  of  Limerick,  was  pre- 
sented to  the  See  of  Emly  on  the  nomination  of  King 
Henry  the  Eighth.f 


The  origin  and  lineage  of  this  family  are  so  largely 
given  in  Sir  Bernard  Burke's  *  Landed  Gentry,'  that 
reference  to  that  work  will  best  satisfy  inquiry.  On 
Ortelius's  map,  the  Sept  is  located  in  the  Barony  of 
Forth,  County  of  Wexford.  This  Cornet  Charles 
was  a  Burgess  in  King  James's  Charter  to  Enniscor- 
thy.  He  was  attainted  in  1691  by  the  description 
of  Charles  Redmond  of  the  City  of  Dublin,  Gent. ;  as 
were  Alexander  and  Richard  Redmond  as  of  Dun- 
ganstown,  and  John  Redmond  of  Askenmuller,  in  the 
County  of  Wexford.     In  the  Southwell  Collection  of 

•  Hardiman^s  Irish  Minstrelsy,  v,  2,  pp.  25  &  125. 
t  Ware's  Bishops,  p.  499. 

luttrell's  horse. 


State  Manuscripts  were  "  papers  said  to  have  been 
found  about  prisoners  taken  by  Colonel  Wolseley, 
discovering  the  design  of  the  Papists'  meeting  at 
Mullingar,  and  among  them  letters  to  Captain  Red- 
mond, whom  Wolseley  hanged^* 

After  the  Revolution,  some  members  of  the  family 
are  traceable  in  the  French  and  Spanish  services. 






The  Colonel. 

Sir  James  Modare 




John  Connor. 

Bryan  Kelly. 

Thady  Connor. 

John  Ash. 

Hanrey  Morris. 

Edmnnd  Power. 

William  Fanning. 

Badmond  Morris. 

Lord  Dnnsanj. 

Gerard  Etcts. 

Ralph  E^ers. 

Thomas  Carew. 

Walter  Lawless. 

James  Lawless. 

Joseph  Cripps. 

Da^id  Fanning. 

John  Oxhni^. 

Thady  Connor. 


The  estate  of  Luttrelstown,  beautifully  situated  in 
the  vale  of  the  Liffey,  was,  after  the  English  Invasion, 

♦  Thorpe's  Catal.  of  Southwell  MSS.  p.  182. 


granted  by  King  John  to  Sir  Geoffrey  Luttrell.* 
From  him  it  took  that  name,  and  for  centuries  was 
inherited  by  his  descendants.  In  1236,  Robert  Lut- 
trell, then  Treasurer  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral,  was 
sworn  Lord  Chancellor  of  Ireland.  In  1534,  Sir 
Thomas  Luttrell,  styled  of  Luttrelstown,  was  ap- 
pointed Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas ;  and  to 
the  exertions  and  cai^e  of  this  wise  Judge,  posterity 
has  been  indebted  for  the  preservation  of  the  public 
records  and  rolls  of  Chancery,  which  he  found  piled 
in  a  ruinous  tower  of  Dublin  Castle,  at  a  considerable 
distance  from  St.  Patricks,  where  the  Courts  were 
then  kept.  By  an  order  of  Council  he  effected  their 
removal  to  the  Library  of  that  Cathedral,  where  the 
Clerk  of  the  Hanaper  was  ordered  "  to  provide 
presses,  chests,  doors,  locks,  and  all  other  necessaries, 
as  well  in  said  Library  as  in  the  better  portion  of  the 
Tower,  for  their  safe  custody. f"  In  1613,  Thomas 
Luttrell  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the  County 
of  Dublin  in  Parliament.  Those  of  the  name  at- 
tainted in  1642  were  Robert  Luttrell  of  Girstown, 
and  Oliver  Luttrell  of  Tankardstown,  County  of 

The  above  Colonel  Henry  Luttrell  was  ancestor  of 
the  Lords  Carhampton,  and  younger  brother  of 
Simon,  hereafter  mentioned.  In  King  James's  Parlia- 
ment of  Dublin  he  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of 
the  County  of  Carlow.    Graham,  in  his  Derriana^ 

*  D'Alton  s  Hist.  Co.  Dublin,  p.  569. 
t  D' Alton  s  Hist.  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  190. 

luttrell's  horse.  191 

(p.  29),  ranks  him  as  Colonel  of  the  Sixth  Regiment 
of  Horse,  as  does  the  article  in  Somers'  State  Tracts 
(v.  xi.,  p.  398)  ;  but  the  variance  arises  from  Colonel 
Hugh  Sutherland's  Horse  being  there  placed  between 
Sarsfield's  and  Abercom's,  not  as  here  ;  the  number 
of  the  Horse  Regiments  is  the  same.  A  Spottiswode 
Luttrell  is,  on  a  different  list,  recorded  to  have  com- 
manded, after  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  an  Indepen- 
dent  Troop.*  Previous  to  that  battle,  when  King 
James  had  fallen  back  upon  Ardee,  he  despatched 
Sarsfield  with  this  Henry  Luttrell's  Horse,  Sir  Neill 
O'Neill's  Dragoons,  and  Charles  Moore's  and  O'Gara's 
Infantry,  to  retard  the  advance  of  King  William. 
This  Regiment  was  afterwards  sent  to  relieve  Sars- 
field  in  Connaught,  against  whom  his  enemy  was 
advancing  from  Ulster.  Colonel  Henry  Luttrell's 
conduct  on  this  occasion  is  much  commended,  and, 
mainly  by  his  exertions,  Sarsfield  was  enabled  to  take 
possession  of  Sligo,  "the  very  key  of  Connaught  on 
that  side."  When  the  '  Young  Ireland'  party  of  that 
day,  in  jealousy  of  Tyrconnel's  policy,  despatched  the 
deputation  to  St.  Germains,  Henry  Luttrel  was  one 
of  those  on  the  mission  chiefly  entrusted  with  their 
complaints,  as  before-mentioned  at '  Tyrconnel,'  ante^ 
p.  54.  He,  in  truth,  "  and  the  native  Irish  used  all 
exertions  to  undermine  the  power  of  Tyrconnel,  and 
denounce  his  adherents  to  public  scorn."  It  was  he, 
tJiey  said,  that  fled  to  Galway  on  the  approach  of 
William  to  Limerick,  and  during  that  first  siege  sup- 

*  Singers  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  v.  2,  p.  614. 

192  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

plied  only  beans  and  oats  to  the  garrison,  while 
wheat  was  abundant  in  the  Commissariat.  He  was, 
says  O'Conor,  represented  as  a  coward,  and  was,  in 
fact,  believed  to  be  such  by  the  war  party.  It  was 
with  the  hope  of  refuting  these  too  popular  opinions, 
that  Tyrconnel  passed  over  to  St.  Germains,  there  to 
urge  his  defence  before  James ;  judiciously  giving 
out  that  he  had  that  Monarch's  orders  to  repair  to 
France,  to  give  an  account  of  aflfairs  in  Ireland.* 
The  result  has  been  before  alluded  to. 

The  defeat  at  Aughrim,  says  Burke,f  was  popularly 
attributed  to  Henry  Luttrell's  defection  ;  in  corrobo- 
ration of  which,  the  Williamite  Diary  of  the  last  siege 
of  Limerick,  preserved  in  the  '  Harleian  Collections,' 
(Vol.  vii.,  p.  481),  says,  at  the  18th  August,  1691, 
"  We  had  an  account  this  day  that  Henry  Luttrell 
had  been  lately  seized  at  Limerick,  by  order  of  the 
French  Lieutenant-General,  D'Usson,  for  having  made 
some  proposals  for  a  surrender  of  the  place  ;  and  that 
he  was  sentenced  by  a  Court  Martial  to  be  shot ; 
upon  which  our  General  sent  them  word  by  a  trum- 
pet,  that  if  they  would  put  any  man  to  death  for 
having  a  mind  to  come  over  to  us,  he  would  revenge 
it  on  the  Irish."  He  was  in  truth  on  the  clearest 
evidence  found  guilty  by  Court  Martial,  and  sen- 
tenced  to  remain  in  prison  until  King  James's  plea- 
sure could  be  known ;  but,  on  the  intermediate 
reduction  of  Limerick,  having  been  released,  he  was 

•  O'Conors  Military  Memoirs,  p.  122. 
t  Peerage,  p.  1120. 

luttkell's  horse.  193 

mainly  instrumental  in  enlisting  the  Irish  over  to  the 
English  interest*  Whereupon  he  was  put  upon  the 
new  Establishment  for  a  yeariy  pension  of  £500  ; 
yet  was  he,  together  with  a  Thomas  Luttrell,  both 
described  of  Luttrellstown,  County  of  Dublin,  out- 
lawed in  1691 ;  as  were  Robert  Luttrell  of  Simons- 
town,  County  of  Kildare,  and  William  Luttrell  of 
Dublin,  Junior.  Simon  Luttrell  and  his  wife  were 
likewise  attainted  ;  but  Colonel  Henry  Luttrell,  hav- 
ing obtained  a  custodiam  grant  to  him  of  his  brother's 
lands,  had  in  1694  a  patent  of  exemption  from  the 
rent,  except  the  quit  rents  which  were  payable  thereout 
under  the  Acts  of  Settlement  and  Explanation.  A 
letter  of  his  to  the  Lord  Lieutenant  in  1699  was  in 
the  Southwell  Collection,  written  in  reference  to  his 
sister-in-law.  Colonel  Simon's  lady,  who  had  returned 
into  Ireland  "  by  an  old  pass  of  Lord  Romney  ;"  and 
he  therein  begs  that  he  may  have  permission  ^Ho 
make  use  of  the  outlawry  against  her,  in  case  she 
should  give  me  trouble  by  an  attorney.  She  is  a 
very  intriguing  woman,  and  it  was  thought,  when 
she  went  for  France,  she  went  on  a  very  intriguing 
message.  I  am  sure  I  heard  my  Lord  repent  might- 
ily the  giving  her  a  pass ;  and  I  need  not  tell  your 
Lordship  that  there  will  be  nothing  left  undone  by 
the  Jacobites  here  to  perplex  me  in  this  affair.^f  In 
1702,  he  was  appointed  a  Major-General  in  the  Dutch 
army,  with  a  Regiment,  and  nominated  to  conmiand 

•  O'Conor's  Military  Mem.,  p.  188. 

t  Thorpe's  Catal.  of  Southwell  MSS.,  p.  104. 


on  a  military  enterprise  of  importance ;  but,  on  the 
death  of  Bong  William,  he  retired  to  his  country 
seat  at  Luttrelstown,  where  he  thenceforth  chiefly 
resided,*  until,  in  October,  1717,  he  was  shot  in  his 
sedan  chair,  while  passing  through  the  streets  of 
Dublin.  He  left  two  sons ;  Richard,  who  died 
abroad,  and  Simon,  who  succeeded  his  brother  in 
Luttrelstown,  and  was  created  Earl  of  Carhampton 
in  1785.  His  only  son,  John,  died  in  1829,  without 
issue,  when  the  title  became  extinct.  O'Callaghan, 
in  reference  to  these  descendants  of  Colonel  Henry 
Luttrel,  says,  "  He  was  a  bad  man,  the  father  of  a 
bad  man,  and  the  grandfather  of  a  bad  man."f  Of 
Henry  himself  O'Conor  writes,  "He  was  possessed  of 
great  talents,  and  was  one  of  the  best  officers  in  the 
Irish  army ;  but  recklessly  bent  on  pushing  himself 
forward  by  the  popularity  of  Sarsfield,  and  by  raising 
him  to  the  chief  command.  He  had  served  in 
France  with  distinction  ;  but  was  so  eager  of  perso- 
nal  advancement,  that  he  would  shrink  as  little  from 
in&my  as  from  danger,  to  promote  his  fortunes."! 

•  Burke's  Peerage,  p.  1120. 
t  Excidium  Macance,  p.  397. 

X  O'Conors    Military    Memoirs,   p.    121  ;    and  more   fully 
O'Callagban's  Brigades,  v.  1,  p.  196,  &c. 

luttbell's  horse.  195 


He  was  outlawed  in  1691,  being  described  as  "of  the 
City  of  Dublin,  Knight."  The  family,  which  was 
then  and  previously  chiefly  located  in  the  County  of 
Tipperary,  seems  to  have  been  connected  with  the 
Luttrells,  Edward  Moclare  being  also  in  commission 
as  Major  in  Colonel  Symon  Luttrell's  Regiment  of 

Dragoons. In  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's  Infantry, 

John  Moclare  was  a  Captain  and  James  Moclare  an 


This  name  was  introduced  to  Ireland  in  the  person 
of  Harvey  de  Monte  Maurisco,  who  accompanied  the 
Earl  of  Pembroke  (Strongbow)  thither,  and  was  by 
him  appointed  Seneschal  over  the  vast  territory  he 
had  acquired  on  his  marriage  with  Eva,  the  heiress 
of  Dermot  Mc  Murrough.  This  Harvey  was  the  early 
founder  of  the  noble  Cistercian  Religious  House  of 
Dunbrody,  which  he  filled  with  monks  from  Bildewas 
in  Shropshire;  and  in  the  monastery  of  the  Holy 
Trinity  at  Canterbury  he  closed  his  days.  In  1335, 
John  Morice,  Knight,  was  despatched  to  England  by 
the  Irish  Council  on  urgent  business,  and  had  a 
Treasury  order,  'as  well  for  money  expended  on  his 
journey  thithei:^  as  for  services  rendered  by  him  in 


196  KING  James's  ikish  army  list. 

Munster.  In  the  following  year,  being  Justiciary  of 
Ireland,  he  summoned  a  Parliament  at  Dublin,  but, 
although  he  was  the  Representative  of  the  King,  he 
had  not  the  confidence  and  did  not  command  the  co- 
operation of  the  country.  It  was  on  this  occasion 
that  the  Earl  of  Desmond  proved  the  extraordinary 
influence  he  possessed  over  all  classes  of  the  Kingdom  : 
feeling  indignant  at  Sir  John  Morice's  proceedings  in 
relation  to  himself,  he  invited  the  Nobles  and  Prelates 
to  meet  him  at  Kilkenny ;  and  there,  while  the 
Justiciary  was  unable  to  procure  a  sufficient  atten- 
dance in  Dublin,  the  Earl  saw  assembled  at  his  in- 
vitation the  Prelates,  Earls,  Barons,  and  Commons  of 
Ireland,  who  joined  him  in  a  remarkable  Remonstrance 
to  the  King  against  the  proceedings  of  Sir  John  and 
his  Irish  ministry.* 

In  1447,  D.  Redmond  Morris,  a  native  of  Ireland, 
ecclesiastically  styled  Cardinal  de  Castres,  died  at 
Rome.  It  is  said  that,  in  his  honor  and  to  perpetuate 
his  Christian  name  in  that  province  of  the  country 
from  which  he  was  descended,  the  Morris  fiunilies  of 
Castle-morres,  Latragh,  Knockagh  and  Rathlin,  in  the 
Counties  of  Kilkenny  and  Tipperary,  have  constantly 
preserved  the  '  Redmond '  in  their  lines. 

The  Act  of  Settlement  contained  a  saving  of  the 
rights  of  John  *  Morish '  as  a  Trustee  in  Wexford 
lands,  while  the  declaration  of  Royal  gratitude  there- 
in,  for  services  beyond  the  seas,  includes  the  name  of 
Captain  Neal  Morris.  A  *  Mr.  Morris '  was  on  the 
♦  Red  Book  of  the  Exch.  in  Ch.  Reiaemb.  Off. 

luttrell's  horse.  197 

pension  list  of  1685,  for  £500  per  annum.*  In 
1687,  Edmund  Morris  was  sheriff  of  the  Queen's 
County,  which  was  represented  in  the  Parliament  of 
Dublin  by  Edward  Morris,  while  the  above  Harvey 
Morris  was  one  of  the  members  for  the  borough  of 

Knocktopher,  County  of  Kilkenny. Captain  ^  Red- 

mond '  Morris  rose  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant-Colonel 
in  this  Regiment,  as  appears  by  the  warrant  for  his 
pardon,  dated  28th  June,  1701,  wherein  it  is  recited 
that  he  ^^  had  served  in  the  Irish  army  as  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  in  Colonel  Henry  Luttrell's  Horse  ;  that,  on 
the  surrender  of  Limerick,  he  came  over  to  our  ser- 
vice in  said  regiment,  until  it  was  broke  ;  that  being 
afterwards  reduced  to  a  low  condition,  he  was  neces- 
sitated, contrary  to  his  own  inclination,  to  go  into 
France  and  enter  into  the  French  King^s  service,  in 
order  to  a  subsistence  for  himself  and  his  £unily ; 
that,  being  desirous  to  return  into  Ireland,  which  wss 
his  native  country,  he  humbly  prayed  for  a  licence 
to  enable  him  so  to  do,  which  was  allowed  ;  but  being 
advised  that  he  cannot  live  there  with  security,  with- 
out a  free  pardon,  he  prayed  for  this  also,"  and  it  was 
thereby  accordingly  granted.f  In  1703,  a  private 
Act  was  passed  to  prevent  the  disinherison  of  Redmond 
Morris,  as  was  in  two  years  after  a  ftirther  Act,  to 
enable  John  Morris,  an  in&nt,  son  and  heir  of  Red- 
mond Morris,  Esq.  deceased,  ^'  to  make  a  jointure  on 
any  woman  he  shall  marry,  and  for  relief  of  the 

*  Singer's  Gorrespondenoe  of  Lord  Clarendon,  y.  1,  p.  658. 
t  Harris's  MSS.  vol.  10,  p.  308. 


younger  children  of  said  Redmond,  and  for  amending 
and  explaining  some  clauses  in  the  first  Act."  This 
legislation  originated  in  a  petition  of  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Redmond  Morris,  of  30th  September,  1703, 
in  which  he  set  forth  that  he  was  the  eldest  son  of  Sir 
John  Morres  of  Knockagh,  County  of  Tipperary, 
Baronet,  a  Roman  Catholic  ;  who,  by  reason  of  the 
Petitioner  being  a  Protestant,  threatened  to  disinherit 
him,  and  he  therefore  prayed  relief  from  the  legisla- 
ture to  prevent  his  being  so  disinherited,  and  for  a 
maintenance  for  himself  during  his  father's  life.* 

Captain  Harvey  Morris  was  a  younger  son  of  Sir 
Redmond  of  Knockagh.  He  had  previously  pur- 
chased  the  Castle  and  site  of  Derrylough  in  the 
County  of  Kilkenny,  near  Knocktopher,  which  had 
been  forfeited  by  a  member  of  the  Comerford  family, 
and  granted  by  Cromwell  to  one  Matthew  Westmore- 
land, a  Lieutenant  in  his  army.  The  grandson  of 
this  Harvey  Morris  was  created  Viscount  Mount- 
morris  of  Castle-morris. Edmund  Morris  was  also 

an  officer  in  this  service,  but  not  on  the  present  List. 
He  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Aughrim,  and  his  estate 
was  granted  in  1696  by  King  William  for  services  to 
Richard  Fitzpatrick,  who  was  in  1715  elevated  to  the 
Peerage  by  the  title  of  Baron  Gowran  of  Gowran,  and 
took  his  seat  in  Parliament  in  the  November  following. 
The  estate  of  this  Edmund  Morris  was  situated  at 
Grantstown  in  the  Queen's  County,  off  which  dower 
was  claimed  by  Anne  Morris  as  his  widow,  and  por- 

*  Irish  Commons  Journal,  v.  3,  p.  24. 

luttrell'8  horse.  199 

tions  by  Mary  and  Anne,  his  daughters,  but  their 
petitions  were  dismist ;  while  another  part  of  his  estate 
was  sold  by  the  Commissioners  in  1703  to  Amyas 

Bush  of  Kilfane. Amongst  those  outlawed  at  this 

time  was  also  Edward  Morris,  styled  of  Maryborough, 
in  the  same  County.  ' 


This  name,  of  Danish  origin,  was,  after  centuries  from 
the  time  of  its  first  establishment  in  Ireland,  ennobled 
in  the  person  of  the  Earl  of  Fingal,  from  whom 
branched  the  Barons  of  Dunsany  and  Earls  of  Louth. 
Richard  Plunkett  had  summons  to  Parliament  by 
writ  in  1374,  was  afterwards  Chief  Justice  of  the 
King's  Bench,  and  in  1388  was  appointed  Lord  Chan- 
c^or.  Few  names  have  held  higher  place  in  the 
judicial  preferments  than  this,  even  to  the  illustrious 
Chancellor,  who  died  but  a  few  years  since.  In  1461, 
Thomas  Plunkett  was  appointed  Chief  Justice  of  the 
King's  Bench ;  Alexander  Plunkett,  Lord  ChanceUor 
in  1492 ;  and  in  1559,  John  Plunkett  of  Dunsoghly, 
Knight,  was  Chief  Justice  of  the  Queen's  Bench. 

The  Act  of  attainder  of  the  Earl  of  Tyrone  in  16,12 
included  in  its  penalties  Christopher  Plunkett,  late 
of  Dungannon.  At  the  Assembly  of  1641,  on  Crofly 
Hill,  Lords  Louth  and  Dunsany  were  present.  The 
Attainders  of  the  following  year  included  of  this 
name,  the  Earl  of  Fingal,  James  and  George  Plun- 


kett  of  Killeen,  Michael  Plunkett  of  Feltown,  Nicholas 
of  Killallon  and  Balrath,  Robert  of  Athboy,  merchant; 
Christopher  of  Girly,  Thomas  of  Clonecatt,  Alexander 
of  Jackstown,  Patrick  and  Henry  of  Grange,  Richard 
of  Dunshaughlin,  John  of  Castlearron,  Robert  of 
Rathmore,  and  Henry  of  Iskeroon,  all  in  the  County 
of  Meath  ;  John  Plunkett  of  Durre,  clerk  ;  'Garrald' 
Plunkett  of  Gardoge,  County  of  Kildare,  and  Robert 
Plunkett  of  the  Grange  of  Portmamock,  County  of 
Dublin.  Amongst  the  Confederate  Catholics  who  as- 
sembled at  Kilkenny  in  1646,  Christopher  Plunkett, 
Earl  of  Fingal,  and  Oliver  Plunkett,  Baron  of  Louth^ 
were  of  the  Peers  ;  while  in  the  Commons  sat  Nicho- 
las Plunkett  of  Balrath.  Cromwell's  Act  of  1652,  "for 
settling  Ireland,''  excepted  from  pardon  for  life  and 
estate  the  aforesaid  Lords  Fingal  and  Dunsany,  and 
Nicholas  Plunkett.  Tiie  Act  of  Settlement,  in  the 
re-acting  clause,  declaratory  of  Royal  gratitude, 
includes  the  names  of  both  these  Lords,  while  it 
restored  Lord  Dunsany  to  his  estates  ;  Sir  Walter 
Plunkett  to  his  ;  Sir  Nicholas  Plunkett  to  two  thirds 
of  his ;  it  provided  that  Mabel,  Countess  Dowager  of 
Fingal,  should  have  lands  set  out  to  her  to  the  yearly 
value  of  her  jointure,  and  the  civil  establishment  was 
afterwards  charged  with  a  pension  of  £100  per  annum 
for  the  Lord  Dunsany. 

In  1662,  (2nd  Dec.)  died  William  Plunkett  of 
Portmarnock,  '  son  of  Luke,  anciently  of  Dublin,'  and 
was  buried  at  St.  Audoen's  in  Dublin.  He  had  mar- 
ried  Anne,  daughter  of  Sir  Theodore  Duff  of  that  city, 

luttrell's  horse.  201 

and  had  issue  by  her  a  son,  Luke,  living  at  that 
time.*  In  1681,  Oliver  Plunkett,  then  Roman 
Catholic  Primate  of  Ireland,  was  hanged  at  Tyburn, 
denying  to  the  last  various  charges  of  treason  that 
had  been  alleged  against  him.f  Besides  the  above 
Captain  Lord  Dunsany,  there  appear  upon  this  List, 
in  Colonel  Sarsfield's  Horse,  James  Plunkett  a 
Quarter-Master ;  in  Lord  Dongan's  Dragoons,  Oliver 
Plunkett  a  Captain;  in  the  King's  own  Infantry, 
Walter  Plunkett  a  Lieutenant,  and  John  Plunkett  an 
Ensign  ;  in  Fitz^ames's,  Garrett  Plunkett  a  Lieu- 
tenant ;  in  Lord  Louth's,  Henry  Plunkett  was  a 
Lieutenant,  as  was  Greorge  Plunkett  in  Sir  Walter 
Creagh's,  and  Walter  in  Colonel  John  Hamilton's. 
The  two  latter  having  been  promoted  to  Captain- 
cies,  one  of  them  may  be  identical,  with  the  Captain 
Plunkett  related  in  contemporaneous  reports  as  having 
been  killed  at  the  siege  of  Deny,  and  the  other 
with  a  second  Captain  there  wounded*.  Lord  Louth 
was  himself  at  the  siege.  A  Captain  Plunkett  is  also 
noted  as  of  Lord  Gormanstown's  Regiment  at  the 
siege  of  Limerick.J 

The  Earl  of  Fingal,  and  Lords  Dunsany  and 
Louth,  sat  in  the  Parliament  of  Dublin,  and  were 
accordingly  attainted  in  1691,  as  were  Christopher 
Plunkett  of  Lagore  and  Killeen,  Richard  Plunkett 
of  Rathregan,  Gerald  of   Curraghstown,  Thomas  of 

*  Funeral  Entry  in  Berm.  Tor.        f  Hawdon  Papers,  p.  244 
}  O'Callaghan's  Excid.  Mac.  p.  374. 


Carrick,  William  and  Francis  of  Tullaghmoge,  Oliver 
of  Onganstown  and  Oldcastle,  Nicholas  of  Eilleen, 
Edward  of  Gibbonstown,  Angel  Plunkett  of  Ratiimore, 
Thomas  of  Dirpatrick  and  Newcastle,  Alexander  of 
Pichelstown,  Edward  of  Girly,  John  and  Richard  of 
Croskeele,  Patrick  of  Leytrim  and  Tankardrath, 
Thomas  of  Tallonstown,  and  Peter  of  Enockveagb, 
all  in  the  County  of  Meath,  Edward  Plunkett  of 
Kilrush,  County  of  Westmeath  ;  George  and  William 
Plunkett  of  Portmamock,  County  of  Dublin  (the 
latter  had  been  personally  engaged  at  th^  battle  of 
the  Boyne)  ;  Matthew  Plunkett  of  the  City  of  Dublin, 
Oliver  Plunkett,  son  of  Matthew  Lord  Baron  Louth, 
Thomas  Plunkett,  second  son  of  said  Lord,  Patrick 
Plunkett  of  Castlelumney,  Simon  and  Richard  of 
Priorstown,  Randall  of  GreenhiU,  Thomas  of  Ard- 
keenagh,  and  Patrick  and  John  of  Castleplunkett, 

County  of  Roscommon. The  Earl  of  Fingal  was 

attainted  erroneously  by  the  name  of  Lucas,  his  real 
Christian  name  being  Peter,  and  the  outlawry  was 
consequently  reversed  in  1697.  The  Lord  Dunsany 
was  included  in  the  Articles  of  Limerick,  whereby 
his  estates  were  also  protected  for  him  ;  "  neglecting, 
however,  the  forms  necessary  to  re-establish  himself 
in  tJie  peerage,"  neither  his  Lordship  nor  his  im- 
mediate  descendants  had  a  seat  in  the  House  of 

At  the  Court  of  Claims,  Margaret  Plunkett  claimed 
a  child's  portion  oflf  the  County  of  Roscommon  lands 

*  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  p.  342. 

luttrell'8  horse.  203 

of  Patrick  Plunkett  of  Castleplimket,  but  her 
petition  was  dismist  for  non-prosecution.  Thomas 
Plunkett,  and  Catherine  his  wife,  claimed  an  estate 
for  life  to  Thomas,  and  a  jointure  to  Catherine  on  the 
lands  of  Portmamock  and  Carrickhill,  forfeited  by 
the  afore  said  William,  son  and  heir  of  Luke  Plunkett ; 
their  claims  were  also  dismist  as  being  already  before 
Parliament ;  while  George  Plunkett,  and  Johanna 
his  wife,  who  had  been  the  widow  of  said  Luke, 
claimed  and  were  allowed  the  benefit  of  her  jointure 

At  the  battle  of  Lauffield  in  1747,  Watt  Plunkett 
of  Clare's  Brigade  was  wounded.f 


So  early  as  the  year  1285,  Thomas  'Laghles'  ap- 
pears oh  Irish  record  as  Constable  of  Connaught.  In 
1312,  Richard  Lawless  was  Mayor  of  Dublin,  and  in 
1318,  Hugh  Lawless  and  others,  his  adherents,  were 
commissioned  to  parley  with  the  Irishry  of  the  south- 
eastern parts  of  the  Pale,  the  OTooles,  O'Bymes, 
and  MacMurroughs.J  In  1354,  Stephen  'Lawless' 
succeeded  to  the  See  of  Limerick;  and  in  1431, 
anotJier  Stephen  Lawless  was  the  mitred  Abbot  of  the 

•  D' Alton  8  County  of  Dublin,  p.  179. 

t  Grent.  Mag.  ad  ann.  p.  377. 

t  Rot.  Pat.,  13  Edi*.  II.  in  Cane.  Hib. 


splendid  religious  House   of  the   Blessed   Virgin    at 

In  1550,  died  Walter  Lawless,  a  burgess  of  Kil- 
kenny, and  then  the  holder  of  Talbot's-Inch,  in  that 
County,  under  the  See  of  Ossory.  His  son  and  heir 
was  Richard,  whose  heir  was,  acccording  to  family 
respect,  another  Walter.  This  last  was  found  to  have 
been,  during  his  life-time,  seized  of  the  manor  of  Cal- 
lan,  with  certain  chief  rents  and  customs,  "a  certain 
yearly  custom  of 'plows,'  viz.,  one  plow  for  one  day 
every  season  within  the  town  of  Callan  ;  the  custom 
of 'rjrping'  hooks  every  harvest  yearly  upon  the  bur- 
gesses and  inhabitants  of  said  town,  (excepting  the 
chief  brethren  or  'Cunsell'  of  Callan,)  a  custom  of 
ale,  &c.,  out  of  every  ale  'brued'  to  be  sold  in  the 
town  aforesaid,  (fee."  He  also  claimed  the  Castles  of 
Callan,  Killmacoliver,  Tullaghmayne,  and  Ballydon- 
nell,  all  in  said  County,  and  was  seized  of  premises  in 
Gowran,  under  the  Earl  of  Ormond,  with  the  afore- 
said  lands  under  the  See  of  Ossory.  This  Walter  died 
in  1627,  leaving  Richard  Lawless  his  son  and  heir, 
then  of  full  age  but  unmarried.  He  however  soon 
afterwards  married  Margaret  Den  of  the  old  family  of 
Grenan,  and  their  issue  was  the  above  Captain  Wal- 
ter. He  inherited  Talbot's-Inch  and  other  estates  in 
Kilkenny,  of  which  county  he  was  at  one  time 
Sheriff;  and,  manying  Anne,  sister  of  James  Bryan 
of  Jenkinstown,  had  by  her  two  sons,  Richard  and 
Patrick,  who  with  their  father  were  engaged  in  this 
service.      A  James  Lawless  was  also  a  Lieutenant  in 

luttrell's  horse.  205 

this  Regiment ;  he  was  Town  Clerk,  prothonotary, 
and  Clerk  of  the  Crown  and  Peace  for  Kilkenny  ; 
while  an  Edward  Lawless  was  an  Ensign  in  Sir 
Maurice  Eustace's  Infantry. 

The  above  Patrick  Lawless,  Captain  Walter's  son, 
was  taken  prisoner  at  Aughrim;*  he  was  then  a 
Major.  Leaving  this  country  on  the  Revolution,  he 
took  refiige  in  Spain,  where  in  the  middle  of  the  last 
century  he  held  high  rank  in  the  army  of  his  Catholic 
Majesty,  and  was  Governor  of  Majorca  and  Minorca.f 
In  the  Inquisition  of  1691  on  his  attainder,  he  was 
described  as  of  Colemanstown  in  the  County  of  Dub- 
lin ;  his  father,  Walter,  being  expressly  named  as  of 
Talbot's-Inch  and  Brownstown,  as  were  his  other  sons 
Richard  and  John.  There  were  also  then  attainted 
Thomas  and  Dominick  Lawless  of  Dublin,  and  James 
Fitz-Adam  Lawless  of  Kilkenny  City. 

The  Earl  of  Clarendon,  while  Viceroy  of  Ireland, 
makes  mention  in  1686  of  a  Major  Lawless,  who  had 
been  quartered  at  Kinsale,  holding  that  rank  in 
Colonel  Macarty's  Regiment ;  he  died  in  this  year  at 
Cork,  whereby  a  pension  of  £200  per  annum  reverted 

to  the  Crown. J At  the  Court  of  Claims  in  1700, 

those  preferred,  as  affecting  the  estate  of  the  above 
Captain  Walter,  were  Anne's  as  his  widow  for  her 
jointure — allowed  ;  and  one  of  Thomas  Lawless  for 
the  amount  of  a  bond  debt  charged  on  same  and  on 

*  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  2,  p.  187. 

t  De  Burgo's  ffib.  Dom.,  p.  894. 

X  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  2,  pp.  351-5-8. 


the  inheritance  of  Richard  his  son.  A  portion  of  these 
estates  was  sold  in  1703  to  the  Hollow  Swords 
Blades'  Company ;  the  other  portions,  within  the  Liber- 
ties of  Kilkenny,  to  GriflSth  Drisdale  and  Amyas 
Bush  of  Kilfane,  while  the  fee  of  Talbot's-Inch  re- 
verted to  the  See  of  Ossory. In  the  Cathedral  of 

Kilkenny  are  monuments  to  many  members  of  this 


This  family  name  is  found  at  a  very  early  period 
after  the  Invasion  connected  with  Meath.  A  close 
Roll  of  1373  purports  to  provide  for  expenses  of 
Robert  '  de  Evere,'  a  clerk  of  the  Exchequer  in  Ire- 
land, in  his  journey  to  England  on  the  business  of  the 
Bishop  of  Meath,  who  was  then  Treasurer  of  Ireland. 
In  1386,  the  Marquis  of  Dublin  committed  to  Robert 
Evere  (probably  the  same  individual,)  the  custody  of 
the  Mills  of  Trim,  Ardmulchan,  &c.,  which,  by  reason 
of  the  death  of  Edward  de  Mortimer  and  the  minority 
of  his  heir,  Roger,   were   then  in  the  seisin  of  the 

Crown.* In  1498,  Robert  Evers,  an  Englishman, 

was  Prior  of  the  great  mitred  Abbey  of  Kilmain- 

ham.f In  1631,  Thomas  Evers,  Mayor  of  Dublin, 

married  Edith  Mortimer,  of  another  Meath  family. 

♦  Rot.  Pat.  10  Ric.  2,  in  Cane.  Hib. 
t  D'Alton's  Co.  Dub.,  p.  622. 


He  died  in  the  following  year,  and  was  buried  in  St. 
John's  Church,  Dublin. 

The  Attainders  of  1642  include  the  names  of  Alex- 
ander and  James  Evers  of  Eatain  ;  Patrick  of  Bellar- 
din,  and  Edward  of  Noshingstown,  all  in  the  County 
of  Meath.  Those  of  1691  were  of  the  above  Gerald 
Evers,  described  as  of  Moyrath,  County  of  Meath, 
Randolf  alias  Ralph  Evers  of  Tokeroane,  do.  (a  Cor- 
net in  this  Company,)  Matthew  Evers  of  Galmoys- 
town,  County  of  Westmeath,  Charles  Evers  of  Ballin- 
ralline,  Queen's  County ;  and  Christopher  Evers  of 
Bellardin,  aforesaid.  This  latter  estate,  comprising 
about  300  acres,  was  purchased  in  1703,  with  other 
possessions,  by  John  Asgill  of  Dublin.  Cicely  Darcy, 
otherwise  Evers,  claimed  an  estate  for  life  thereon, 
but  her  right  was  not  admitted.  Gerald  Evers 
claimed  a  remainder  in  tail  therein,  and  his  petition 
was  also  dismist ;  while,  at  the  same  Court,  Mary 
Evers,  as  Relict  and  Administratrix  of  William 
Evers,  deceased,  and  Matthew  Evers,  son  and  heir  of 
said  William,  claimed  and  were  allowed  sundry 
interests  in  County  of  Westmeath  lands,  forfeited  by 
Sir  John  Nugent. 


*Ceipps'  does  not  occur  elsewhere  on  this  Army  List, 
but  this  oflScer  in  his  attainder  of  1691,  is  described 
as  'of  Killemey,  County  of  Kilkenny,   Gentleman.' 


The  name  b  now  traceable  only  in  the  County  of 
Limerick,  in  connection  with  that  of  Villiers. 


Neither  does  'Carew'  occur  elsewhere  upon  this  List, 
or  at  all  in  the  Attainders  of  1641  or  1691,  nor  does 
he  appear  of  kindred  with  the  noble  family  of  CasUe- 
borough,  or  with  that  of  Ballinamona. 

At  the  close  of  the  reign  of  King  John,  Raymond 
'de  Karreu'  granted  the  Church  of  'Stacklorgan,' 
with  the  advowson  and  the  land  around  it,  as  an  en- 
dowment to  Christ  Church,  Dublin  ;  and  about  the 
same  time  he  gave  to  the  noble  monastery  of  St 
Thomas-a-Becket  in  said  city,  a  burgage  in  Dungar- 
van,  as  also  the  Church  of  St.  Colman  of  Cork,  and 
those  of 'Matre,'  Caroulton,  and  Tullaghrathen,  with 
all  their  appurtenances,  and  the  whole  tithes  and  eccle- 
siastical dues  thereto  appertaining.*  In  one  of  the 
Grenealogical  Manuscripts  of  Trinity  College,  Dublin, 
(F  3,  27),  is  a  pedigree  of  the  Carews  of  Garry vroe, 
for  twelve  generations ;  but  it  closes  with  Robert 
Carew  of  Garryvroe,  who  died  in  1633,  and  the 
Christian  name  of  Thomas  does  not  appear  on  the 
whole  line.  It  may  be  mentioned  from  Sir  Richard 
Cox,  that  in  1575,  Sir  Henry  Sydney,  while  Lord 
Deputy  of  Ireland,  attended,  at  Waterford,  the  burial 
of  Sir  Peter  Carew,  "whose  ancestors  had  been  Mar- 

•  Kings  MSS.,  p.  180. 



quises  of  Cork,  and  claimed  a  mighty  estate,  compris- 
ing the  greater  part  of  ancient  Desmond  in  the 
Counties  of  Cork,  Waterford  and  Kerry,*'  and  that 
claim  the  Mac  Cartys,  Barrys,  and  many  other  chiefs 
of  Munster  offered  to  recognize,  "in  opposition  to  the 
Earls  of  Desmond  ;  and  proposed  that,  if  Sir  Peter 
would  come  and  reside  amongst  them,  they  would  ad- 
vance him  three  thousand  kine,  with  sheep,  hogs,  and 
corn,  and  annually  pay  him  all  reasonable  demands; 
but  his  death  put  an  end  to  all  these  speculations." 



Captaing.  Lieutenants.  Comet*. 

Lord  Brittaa. 
Edward  Prendergast,  Derraott  McAaliffe.    John  Burke. 

Lieut. -Col. 

William  Cox, 

Comeliua  Callaghan.  Godfrey  CoDTngham.  William  Verdon. 
Drury  Wray.  Jamea  McDonnell       John  Prendergast. 

James  Bryan.  Matthew  Roth.  Francis  Bryan. 

Toby  Matthews. 

William  Matthews. 
Edmund  Walsh. 

John  Ryan. 
Edward  Danter. 

Quarter- 3 ffistert. 

John  Hynes. 

Jsmes  Butler. 



Thomas  Matthews 
John  Walsh. 



Early  in  this  Campaign  he  was  constituted  a  Briga- 
dier, and,  while  the  siege  of  Deny  was  pending,  was 
despatched  with  two  Regiments  of  Infantry,  one  of 
Dragoons,  and  two  troops  of  Horse,  to  *  straiten ' 
Enniskillen  on  the  side  of  Belturbet ;  while  Colonel 
Sarsfield,  with  whom  he  was  to  correspond,  was 
stationed  within  twelve  miles  of  that  town  with  three 
troops  of  Horse,  one  of  Dragoons,  and  three  battalions 
of  Foot.  On  Sutherland's  arrival  for  this  object  at 
Belturbet,  he  received  an  order  from  Marshal  Rosen, 
then  at  Derry,  to  proceed  to  Omagh,  to  protect  the 
Irish  blockading  army  in  that  direction.*  Accord- 
ingly,  on  the  fifth  of  July,  Berwick  wrote  to  Lieu- 
tenant-General  Hamilton,  the  Irish  Commander  at 
the  camp  before  that  City,  "  I  marched  yesterday- 
morning  from  Newtown-Stewart,  and,  joining  Colonel 
Sutherland  at  '  Omey,'  I  marched  hither  my  advanced 
guard,  cut  ofi*  several  of  their  sentries,  and  pushed  a 
great  many  of  the  Rebels'  party  with  such  vigour  as 
they  beat  with  thirty  Dragoons  three  Troops  of 
Horse  of  theirs,  which  were  drawn  up  at  a  distance 
fipom  us."f  Colonel  Sutherland  was  engaged  at  the 
Boyne,  and,  though  he  was  wounded,  his  Regiment 
suffered  little,  "  having  to  do  only  with  the  enemy's 
horse,  which  he  soon  repulsed."! 

♦  O'Callaghan's  Green  Book,  p.  267. 
t  Manuscripts  T.C.D.,  E  2,  19. 
J  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  400. 



This  name  came  into  Ireland  with  Earl  *  Strongbow/ 
who  induced  Maurice  de  Prendergast  to  accompany 
him  in  the  Invasion,  and  made  over  to  him  a  tract  of 
country,  called  Femegenelan,  to  hold  by  the  service 
of  ten  Knights.*  In  1207,  King  John,  having  found 
the  Barons  of  Leinster  and  Meath  opposed  to  giving 
effect  to  the  Royal  Writs  of  Right,  &c.  sent  mandates 
to  Walter,  Hugh,  and  Robert  de  Lacy,  Lords  of 
Meath  and  Ulster  ;  to  Richard  de  Tuite,  Philip  de 
Prendergast,  &c.  wherein  he  expressed  surprise  "  that 
they  should  attempt  establishing  a  new  form  of  trial 
without  his  assent,  or  seek  his  Justiciary  to  deliver 
to  them,  without  his  orders,  what  had  been  taken  at 
the  hands  of  the  Crown  by  royal  precept ;  and  he 
commanded  them  not  to  '  default '  towards  him,  their 
Lord,  and  declared  with  God's  and  his.  rights  he  will 
acquire,  according  to  time  and  place.^'t  I^  1229, 
King  Henry  summoned  Gerald  de  Prendergast,  as 
one  of  the  *  Fideles '  of  Ireland,  to  a  military  muster 
at  Portsmouth  for  service  in  Brittany ;  and  again,  in 
1244,  for  the  Scottish  war.  This  Gerald,  being 
Patron  of  the  Abbey  of  Canons  Regular  at  Ennis- 
corthy,  made  a  grant  thereof  to  be  a  cell  to  the  noble 
House  of  St.  Thomas-a-Becket  in  Dublin.J     A  List 

•  Ware's  Ant.,  V.  1,  p.  191. 

t  Rot.  Pat.  Tut.  Lond.  8  Jac.  1. 

X  Kings  MSS.  Dub.  Soc.,  pp.  178-9. 

P  2 

212  KING  James's  irisu  army  list. 

of  the  Barous  and  Knights  of  Richard  de  Burgo's 
Palatinate  in  Connaught,  in  1242,  names  this  Gerald 
de  Prendergast  as  one.*  In  1278,  Geoffrey  de 
Prendergast  sued  Paganus  de  Hinteberg  for  the 
estate  of  his  mother  Alienora,  in  the  County  of  Limer- 
ick,  by  wager  of  battle.  It  was  fought  accordingly  with 
all  legal  formalities  of  the  day,  and  the  appellant 
gained  the  battle  and  the  lands.  In  1326,  Geoffrey 
de  Prendergast  was  one  of  the  Commissioners  of 
Array  for  the  County  of  Kilkenny.  In  1414,  Robert 
Prendergast  was  Abbot  of  the  mitred  House  of  the 
Blessed  Virgin  of  Dublin  ;  and,  in  the  Parliament  of 
1585,  Edward  Prendergast  was  one  of  the  Repre- 
sentatives for  the  County  of  the  Crosses  of  Tipperary. 
In  a  MS.  Volume  of  the  Royal  Dublin  Society's  Col- 
lection,  entitled  '  Collectanea  de  Rebus  Hibemicisj 
occurs  (at  page  384)  a  transcript  of  an  extraordinary 
deed,  by  which  the  Lady  Eleanor  Butler,  being  a 
co-heiress  to  the  title  of  Baron  of  Caliir,  affected  to 
convey  same  to  Sir  Thomas  Prendergast,  about  the 
time  of  Charles  the  First. 

Of  the  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilkenny,  in 
1646,  was  James  Prendergast  of  Tullivellan  ;  and 
the  Royal  declaration  of  gratitude,  contained  in  the 
Act  of  Settlement,  includes  Ensign  John  Prender- 
gast, the  same  individual  possibly  who  was  a  Comet 
in  this  Regiment.  This  name  is  especially  distin- 
guished in  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's  Infantry,  where 
Geoffrey  Prendergast  was  a  Captain,    Walter    and 

♦  MS.  in  Trin.  Coll.  Lib.,  Dublin. 


Robert  Prendergast,  Lieutenants,  and  James  Prender- 
gast  an  Ensign.  The  latter  James  was  indicted  in 
1691,  by  the  description  of  Harristown,  County  of 
Kilkenny  ;  as  was  another  James  as  of  Butlerstown, 
County  of  Wexford.  Thomas  Prendergast  of  Bally- 
femogue,  and  Nicholas  Prendergast  of  Enniscorthy, 
were  then  likewise  attainted,  and  a  Geoffry  Prender- 
gast, at  this  time,  forfeited  estates  in  Galway  and 

After  the  Revolution,  this  Lieutenant-Colonel  Ed- 
ward passed  into  France,  and  was  there  appointed  to 
the  same  rank  in  Colonel  Sheldon's  Brigade. 

At  the  battle  of  Lauffield,  in  1747,  Dennis  Prender- 
gast, a  Lieutenant  in  Lally's  Brigade,  was  wounded.* 


This  name  does  not  otherwise  appear  in  the  Army 
List  or  attainders,  nor  has  any  notice,  that  could 
identify  him  or  his  family,  been  discovered.  The 
most  remarkable  individual  of  the  name  at  this  period 
was  of  the  Williamite  politics,  Richard  Cox  of  Wilt- 
shire descent ;  who,  in  September,  1690,  was  appoint- 
ed a  Justice  of  the  Irish  Common  Pleas,  vice  Justice 
Denis  Daly,  hereafter  alluded  to.  He  was  knighted 
in  the  following  year,  promoted  to  the  Chief  Justice- 
ship in   1701,  and  in   1703,  appointed  Lord  High 

*  Gent.  Mag.,  ad  ann.,  p.  377. 

214  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

Chancellor  of  Ireland,  from  which  he  vfBs  preferred 
to  be  Chief  Justice  of  the  King's  Bench  in  1711. 
The  manuscript  Diary  of  Primate  Narcissus  Marsh, 
(preserved  in  the  public  Library  in  Dublin  which 
l)ears  his  name,)  contains  at  the  26th  of  April,  1693, 
an  interesting  notice  of  Judge  Cox : — "  This  evening, 
at  six  of  the  clock,  we  met  at  the  Provost's  lodgings 
in  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  in  order  to  the  renewal  of 
our  philosophical  meeting,  where  Sir  Richard  Cox, 
one  of  the  Justices  of  '  the  King's  Bench,'  read  a 
geographical  Description  of  the  City  and  County  of 
Derry,  and  of  the  County  of  Antrim,  being  part  of 
an  entire  Geographical  Description  of  the  whole  King- 
dam  of  Ireland,  that  is  designed  to  be  perfected  by 
him  ;  wherein  also  will  be  contained  a  Natural 
History  of  Ireland,  containing  the  most  remarkable 
things  to  l>e  found  that  are  the  product  of  nature." 
This  work,  however,  never  was  printed,  though  others 
from  his  pen  have  been.  In  October,  1706,  Sir 
Richard  was  created  a  Baronet,  and  died  in  1733,  of 
apoplexy,  leaving  issue.  Ware,  in  his  '  Writers  of 
Ireland,'  gives  forty-four  pages  illustrative  of  the  life 
and  times  of  this  Sir  Richard  Cox. 


Neither  does  this  name  appear  elsewhere  upon  the 
present  'List.'  The  family  was  originally  seated 
within  the   Bishopric  of  Durham,  and  subseciuently 


possessed  estates  in  Riclimondshire,  County  of  York. 
From  it  descended  Sir  Christopher  Wray,  Knight, 
who  was  a  member  of  all  the  Parliaments  of  Queen 
Mary's  reign,  and,  in  that  of  Elizabeth,  was  Speaker  of 
the  House  of  Commons.  He  was  ultimately  consti- 
tuted Lord  Chief  Justice  of  the  Queen's  Bench,  in 
which  high  oflSce  he  died,  in  1592.  His  son,  Sir 
William  Wray,  was  created  a  Baronet ;  and  the  above 
Captain  Drury  Wray,  his  descendant  and  heir  male, 
was  the  sixth  in  the  succession.  He  was  so  attainted 
in  1691,  and  his  estates  in  the  County  of  Limerick 
were  consequently  sold  by  the  Commissioners  of  the 
Forfeitures,  partly  to  John  Berry  of  Ballinacargy, 
in  said  County,  and  partly  to  the  Hollow  Swords 
Blades'  Company  ;  while  the  Rectories  and  Rec- 
torial tithes  which  he  possessed  therein,  were,  accord- 
ing to  the  policy  of  the  Settlement,  granted  to  the 
See  of  Limerick  for  the  augmentation  of  vicarages. 

At  the  Court  of  Claims,  Major  Christopher  Wray, 
the  eldest  son  of  Sir  Drury,  claimed  and  was  allowed 
a  reversion  in  fee,  after  his  father^s  decease,  in  various 
lands  in  Limerick,  and  also  in  others  in  Cork.  He 
preferred  his  claim  as  by  descent,  being  the  eldest 
son  and  heir  to  Anne  Casey  his  mother  :  he  also 
claimed  and  was  allowed  an  annuity  off  said  lands. 
Major  Christopher  offers  one  of  many  instances  of 
the  sad  domestic  severance  which  this  campaign 
effected,  fighting  as  he  did  at  the  Boyne  for  King 
William.  He  afterwards  served  in  the  wars  of  Flanders, 
Spain,  and  Portugal,  as  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  Colonel 


Farrington's  Regiment  ;  and  eminendy  distinguished 
himself  at  the  attack  of  Ostend .♦  His  father,  Sir 
Drury,  dying  in  1710,  he  became  the  seventh 


This  noble  family  is  located  in  Ortelins's  map  in  the 
Barony  of  Eliogurty,  County  of  Tippeniry.  On  Irish 
law  records  the  name  appears  from  early  in  the  com- 
mencement of  the  fourteenth  century ;  in  the  fifteenth, 
King  Henry  the  Fourth  committed  to  Thomas  Mat- 
thew, of  the  County  of  Meath,  the  custody  of  various 
lands  therein,  and  in  Drogheda.f 

The  attainders  of  1642  have,  of  this  family,  only 
David  Matthew  of  Castlemore,  County  of  Cork.  In 
the  Assembly  of  Confederate  Catholics,  Emir  '  Mat- 
thews' sat  amongst  the  Spiritual  Peers  as  Bishop  of 
Clogher. — In  King  James's  Charter  to  Cashel,  William 
Matthew  was  a  Burgess,  as  was  James  Matthew  in 
that  to  Carlingford,  (he  was  a  Lieutenant  in  Galmoy's 
Horse,)  and  Francis  Matthew  in  that  to  Ardee. 

In  1686,  the  Earl  of  Clarendon,  Lord  Lieutenant, 
visited  the  noble  establishment  of  Captain  Matthew, 
at  Thomastown,  County  of  Tipperary.  He  seems  to 
have  been  the  above  named  oflScer,  and  the  lineal  de- 

♦  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  Sup.  p.  246-7. 
t  Rot.  Pat,  4  Hen.  IV.  in  Cane.  Hib. 


scendant  of  David  Matthew,  the  great  Standard 
Bearer  of  Edward  the  Fourth,  whose  monument  is 
still  to  be  seen  in  the  Cathedral  of  Landaff,  and 
whose  issue  were  Lords  of  Raydor  in  Glamorganshire, 
as  also  of  Landaff.  "I  came  hither,"  writes  Lord 
Clarendon,  "last  night,  where  I  have  been  most 
kindly  used.  It  is  a  very  fine  place  and  the  most 
improved  of  any  situation  I  have  ever  seen  since  I 
came  into  this  kingdom  ;  especially  considering  that 
it  is  but  sixteen  years  since  he  first  sat  down  there, 

when  there  was  no  house  upon  it.*^ His  estate 

Lord  Clarendon  styles,  "of  the  new  interest,"  thus 
distinguishing  it  from  those  of  the  old  native  Septs. 
More  extended  details  of  the  singular  hospitality 
lavished  at  Thomastown  by  his  heir  in  the  following 
century,  when  it  became  a  hotel  for  all  who  chose  to 
visit  it,  where  each  guest  might  have  a  separate  room 
and  meals  ;  and  a  distinct  department,  called  a  tavern, 
was  appropriated  for  the  use  of  the  less  temperate  ;  are 
given  in  the  biography  of  Dean  Swift,  who,  during 
the  early  part  of  his  residence  in  Ireland,  was  a  visitor 

A  Colonel  Matthew  of  the  Irish  forces  was  taken 
prisoner  at  Aughrim,f  and,  amongst  those  outlawed 
in  1691,  was  Toby  or  Theobald  Matthew,  styled  of 
Thomastown,  County  of  Tipperary,  Esq.  on  whose 
estate  the  right  of  Catherine  Matthew,  his  widow,  for 
a  leasehold  interest,  preferred  on  behalf  of  herself,  and 

•  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  2,  p.  6. 
t  Bawdon  Correspondence,  p.  351. 


her  children,  Theobald,  Mary,  Frances,  Catherine  and 
Neville  Matthew,  was  allowed  by  the  Commissioners 

at  the  Court  of  Claims. Others  of  this  name  then 

outlawed  were  William  Matthew,  also  described  as  of 
Thomastown,  Gent.  ;  James  Matthew  of  Carlingford, 
above  mentioned  ;  Patrick  and  Sylvester  Matthew  of 
Dunbin,  Blackall-Andrew  Matthew  of  Melleshant 
[Mellefont,]  clerk  ;  James  Matthew  of  Charlestown, 
County  of  Louth  ;  and  George  Matthew  of  Carlow  ; 
while  Patrick  and  Sylvester  forfeited  lands  in  the 
Barony  of  Cremorne,  County  of  Monaghan,  which 
were  sold  by  the  Commissioners  of  the  forfeited 
estates  to  William  Fortescue  of  the  County  of  Louth. 


This  name  does  not  appear  elsewhere  on  the  Army 
List,  nor  at  all  on  the  Attainders  ;  while  a  doubt  of 
this  officer's  adherence  to  King  James  is  raised  by  the 
fact,  that  at  the  Court  of  Claims  in  1703,  a  'Lieute- 
nant Godfrey  Conyngham'  claimed  and  was  allowed 
sundry  leasehold  interests  affecting  lands  in  the 
County  of  Cork,  forfeited  by  Donogh,  Earl  of  Clan- 
carty.  On  this  occasion  also,  a  James,  son  of  Andrew 
Conyngham,  petitioned  for  premises  in  Strabane, 
while  Josias  'Cunningham'  claimed  and  was  allowed 

a  freehold  in  the  County  of  Antrim. Under  the 

latter  spelling  of  this  surname,  it  may  be  noticed  that 


a  Colonel  'Cuningham'  is  stated  to  have  fought  for 
King  William  at  the  battle  of  Aughrim.* 


The  subordinate  rank  of  this  officer  here,  evinces  how 
much  this  once  illustrious  family  had  then  declined 
from  its  early  and  influential  character.  Previous  to 
the  Invasion  of  Ireland  by  Henry  the  Second,  the 
chivalrous  family  of  De  Verdon  was  settled  at  Alton, 
where  is  now  the  splendid  seat  of  the  Earl  of  Shrews- 
bury. From  thence,  in  1184,  Bertram  Verdon  ac- 
companied Prince  John  to  Ireland,  and  was  appointed 
Seneschal  of  the  Pale,  with  a  grant  of  the  Barony  of 
Dundalk,  the  Lordship  of  Clonmore,  and  other 
estates  in  the  County  of  Louth.  In  his  time  the 
Borough  of  Dundalk  was  incorporated,  and  there  he 
founded  a  Priory  for  the  order  of  Cross-bearers. 
Nicholas,  his  son  and  heir,  succeeded  to  these  estates, 
and  died,  leaving  issue  only  a  daughter,  who  married 
Theobald  le  Botiller.  Their  son,  John  de  Verdon, 
assumed  the  family  name  of  his  mother,  and  he  it  was 
who  founded,  in  the  time  of  Henry  the  Third,  the 
Gray  Friary  at  Dundalk.  His  son,  Theobald  de 
Verdon,  was  present  at  the  Parliament  of  Westmin- 
ster in  1275,  where  he  gave  the  important  consent, 
that  the  same  customs  should  be  payable  upon  wool, 

*  Rawdon  Papers,  p.  857. 

220  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

wool-fells,  and  hides  shipped  from  the  ix)rts  of  his 
Liberties  in  Ireland,  in  the  same  manner  as  had  been 
granted  by  the  Archbishops,  &c.,  of  England  upon 
wool,  woolfells,  &c.,  exported  therefrom.  In  two  years 
after  and  subsequently,  he  was  engaged  in  those  expedi- 
tions against  Wales,  which  extinguished  the  struggles 
of  that  country  for  independence.  In  1288,  he  was 
besieged  in  the  Castle  of  Athlone,  by  Richard  de 
Biirgo,  the  'Red'  Earl  of  Ulster,  who  then  pretended 
title  to  the  Lordship  of  Meath.  He  had  frequent  mili- 
tary summonses  to  King  Edward's  wars  from  that 
period,  as  one  of  the  'Fideles'  of  Ireland.  In  1299, 
he  was  called  on,  as  a  Baron,  to  do  service  against 
the  Scots,  as  was  his  son  Theobald,  the  younger,  in  the 
same  year,  '  by  reason  of  his  father's  declining  health.' 
In  1310,  this  younger  Theobald  succeeded  to  the 
estates  and  honors  of  his  father,  then  deceased.  In 
three  years  after,  he  was  appointed  Lord  Justice  of 
Ireland,  and  died  in  1314,  leaving  only  female  issue, 
"who,"  as  Baron  Finglas  remarks  in  his  Breviate, 
"being  married  to  noblemen  who  dwelled  still  in  Eng- 
land, and  took  such  profits  as  they  could  get  for  a 
while,  and  sent  small  defence  for  their  lands  in  Ire- 
land ;  so  as,  within  few  years  after,  all  their  portions 
were  lost  except  certain  manors  within  the  English 
Pale,  which  Thomas,  Baron  of  Slane,  and  Sir  Robert 
Hollywood,  Sir  John  Cruise,  and  Sir  John  Bellew 
purchased  in  King  Richard  the  Second's  time  ;  and 
this  hath  been  the  decay  of  half  of  Meath,  which  did 
not   obey  the  King's  laws  this  hundred  years  and 


more."  The  name  of  De  Verdon  continued  however 
to  be  represented  in  Louth  by  the  male  descendants 
of  other  sons  of  the  founder.  At  the  Parliament  of 
York,  in  1319,  the  King  granted  to  Nicholas  de  Ver- 
don, (who  was  one  of  the  next  heirs  male  of  John, 
who  first,  as  before  mentioned,  assumed  the  name,) 
the  manor  of  Mandevilleston,  County  of  Louth  ; 
which  had  come  to  the  Crown  by  the  surrender  of 
Ralph  Pipard.  In  1335,  Milo  de  Verdon,  another  of 
those  male  descendants,  received  a  Royal  Mandate  to 
attend  John  D'Arcy,  the  Justiciary,  with  arms  and 
horses  in  his  expedition  for  the  King's  aid  against 
Scotland.*  In  1374,  Patrick  Verdon  had  summons 
to  Parliament  by  writ,  and  in  the  same  year,  on  the 
occasion  of  the  memorable  Parliament  of  Westmin- 
ster, to  which  Edward  the  Third  required  the  attend- 
ance of  a  certain  number  of  the  Representatives  of 
Irish  interests,  Richard  de  Verdon  and  Roger  Gemon 
were  chosen  as  members  for  the  ancient  borough  of 

The  above  notices  have  been  extracted  from  '  CoU 
lections  for  a  History  of  Dundalk^  which  the 
compiler  of  these  'Illustrations'  had  drawn  up  some 
years  since,  (never  published)  ;  but  to  extend  this 
article  by  the  many  other  available  annals  of  this 
great  name  would  not  be  allowable  ;  here,  therefore, 
it  must  suflSce  to  add,  that  in  1624  Christopher  Ver- 
don died,  seised  in  fee  by  a  long  ancestral  line  of  suc- 

•  D' Alton's  Hist.  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  84. 
t  Idem,  V.  1,  p.  244. 


cession,  of  the  Castle  and  manor  of  Clonmore,  with 
mills,  lands,  &c.,  and  of  chiefries  of  the  aforesaid 
manor  of  Mandevillstown  ;  leaving  John  Verdon,  his 
eldest  son  and  heir,  then  22  years  of  age  and  married, 
and  two  other  sons,  Patrick  and  Robert.  This  John 
was  the  only  one  of  the  name  attainted  in  1642 ;  and 
the  ruins  of  the  Castle  which  he  and  his  ancestors 
had  theretofore  held  at  Clonmore,  are  still  traceable. 
His  namesake  and  descendant,  John  Verdon,  (titu- 
larly)  styled  of  Clonmore,  was  attainted  in  1691, 
while  the  name  of  this  William,  who  must  have  been 
of  the  family,  does  not  appear  in  the  Outlawries,  nor 
does  any  other  Verdon  on  this  Army  List. 


There  is  no  other  of  this  name  on  the  List  nor  any 
in  the  Outlawries. 


Amongst  the  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilkenny  in 
1646,  was  Thomas  '  Heynes  of  Feathard,'  but  the 
name  does  not  otherwise  appear  on  this  List,  nor  at 
all  in  the  Outlawries. 









The  Oolonel.  Thomas  Greene. 

Fnmcis  Giffiurd,  Bohert  Lowich. 

Lieut. -Colonel. 
John  Methmm, 


Robert  Nugent.  Isidore  Delagarde. 

James  Doddington.  George  Bamfield. 

Thomas  Eceleston.  Robert  Chemock. 

Walter  Hastings.  George  Oldfield. 

James  Hobb.  Charles  Skelton. 
Edward  Weddering- 


Edward  Halj.  Edward  Conforth. 

Thomas  Smallbone.  Joseph  Acton. 

John  Hnis. 
Philemon  MacCartie. 

Cormick  0*Sallivan. 
Michael  Stritch. 
Thomas  Selbj. 


This  name  is  of  Irish  record  from  the  time  of  Richard 
the  Second.  In  1403,  Geoffrey  Parker  was  consti- 
tuted Mayor  of  the  Staple  in  Dublin.  Immediately 
after,  a  John  Parker  filled  the  office  of  Grand  Sergeant 
of  the  County  of  Kildare.* 

In  1552,  John  Parker  was  appointed  Master  of  the 
Rolls  in  Ireland  ;  and  he  was  in  1561,  an  Ecclesiasti- 
cal  Commissioner.  From  him  descended  his  name- 
sake, the  above   Colonel.f     When,   on  the*  26th  of 

Bolls  in  Chancery. 

t  Graham's  Derriana,  p.  31. 


August,  1689,  King  James  resolved  on  going  to  meet 
the  recently  landed  Schomberg,  he  took  with  him  to 
Drogheda  a  hundred  of  his  own  Horse  Guards,  with 
two  hundred  of  Parker's  Horse,  for  the  object  of  being 
nearer  to  the  enemy,  where  he  might  better  observe 
their  motions*.  This  Regiment  sustained  especial 
loss  at  the  Battle  of  the  Boyne,  where  several  of  its 
officers  fell,  and  the  Colonel  was  himself  wounded. 
His  Lieutenant-Colonel  (then  Greene),  and  his  Major 
James  Doddington,  (Captain  on  this  list)  and  many 
other  officers  were  also  killed  ;  "  of  the  two  squadrons 
of  that  Regiment,  there  came  off  only  about  thirty 
sound  men."!  It  and  Tyrconnel's  suffered  most  on 
that  critical  day. In  Clarke's  Correspond- 
ence, preserved  in  the  manuscripts  of  Trinity  College, 
is  a  letterj  written  by  Robert  Southwell  to  George 
Clarke,  Secretary  of  War,  in  which  he  recommends 
the  bearer.  Lieutenant  Cleere,  as  "  a  person  of  prin- 
cipal  consideration  in  the  town  of  Clonmel,  and  ex- 
tremely zealous  to  promote  His  Majesty's  service 
throughout  the  whole  County.  He  lies  under  some 
hardships,  which  are  not  to  be  suffered  towards  such 
a  person."  An  endorsement  on  the  letter  states  that 
"  said  Cleere  had  taken  several  horses  and  brought  in 
divers  persons,  and  that  he  desires  the  horses  he 
took  from  Colonel  Parker's  Troopers  :"  the  prayer 
was  granted. 

On  the  attainders  of  1642,  is  the  name  of  Edward 

♦  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  373.  t  Wem,  p.  400. 

}  Clarke's  Corresp.  MSS.,  v.  1,  Letter  74. 


Parker  described  as  of  Templeogue,  County  of  Dublin; 
on  those  of  1691,  is  this  Parker,  styled  of  the  City  of 
Dublin,  Esq.  While,  in  the  claims  preferred  in 
1703,  a  John  Parker  made  a  remarkable  one  for 
£5,000,  which  he  alleged  to  be  due  to  him,  on  foot  of 
a  mortgage  of  lands  and  rectories  in  the  County  of 
Kildare,  forfeited  by  the  Earl  of  Tyrconnel ;  but  his 
claim  was  disallowed  as  false,  and  he  was  adjudged 

to  pay  £10,000. The  name  does  not  otherwise 

appear  upon  the  Army  List. 



This  name  does  not  occur  here  again,  and  Colonel 
Thomas  appears  to  have  early  retired  from  the  ser- 
vice  ;  as  at  the  Boyne  the  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  this 
Regiment  was  Greene,  who  was  killed  there.  The 
name  is  of  high  antiquity  in  Ireland,  and  to  the 
memorable  parliament  of  Westminster  in  1376,  the 
Clergy  of  the  Diocese  of  Cashel  sent  John  '  Geffard ' 
to  be  their  Representative.  In  that  of  1560,  Henry 
*  Geaflford '  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the 
Borough  of  Dungarvan.  By  the  Act  of  Settlement 
in  1662,  arrears  of  pay  due  to  Sir  Thomas  Giflford, 
Baronet,  then  deceased,  were  directed  to  be  paid  to 
his  relict  Dame  Martha  Giflford.  The  Colonel,  it 
would  seem,  was  of  this  family. 



Is  subject  to  much  the  same  remarks  as  was  the  last 
officer.  The  Major  at  the  Boyne  was  James  Dodding- 
ton,  the  Captain  on  this  muster. 


Promoted  to  the  Majority  and  killed  at  the  Boyne,  as 
supra.  A  Captain  Edward  Doddington  had  the 
command  of  100  foot  soldiers  under  the  Lord  Presi- 
dent of  Munster,  in  the  war  of  that  Province  during 
the  reign  of  Elizabeth.  When,  at  the  close  of  the 
year  1602,  it  was  resolved  to  storm  the  Castle  of 
Dunboy,  a  breach  having  been  made  that  was  con- 
sidered  assailable,  the  decision  of  who  was  to  lead  the 
assault  having  been  referred  to  the  dice,  it  fell  upon 
this  Captain  Doddington,  who  was  *  shot  with  two 
bullets  in  his  body,  but  not  mortal.'* 


A  branch  of  the  Ecclestons  of  Eccleston  in  Lancas- 
shire  settled  previous  to  this  reign  in  the  County  of 
Louth,  where,  in  the  churchyard  of  Drumshallon, 
within  the  ruins  of  the  old  church,  are  monuments 
commemorating   the  family,  from  Walter  Eccleston 

♦  Pacata  Hibernia,  pp.  568  &  674. 

park£r's  horse.  227 

of  Drumshallon,  in  December,  1675,  to  WiUiam,  who 
died  in  August,  1798.  A  manuscript  book  of  pedi- 
grees in  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  (F  3,  27)  suggests 
that  the  said  Walter  was  the  son  of  Tristram  Eccles- 
ton  (who  died  in  1636),  by  his  second  wife  Dorothy, 
daughterof  William  Cranshaw  of  Lancashire ;  and  that 
Tristram  was  himself  the  youngest  son  of  James,  who 
was  the  son  of  Hugh  Eccleston  of  the  house  of  Eccles- 
ton  in  Lancashire. 


A  *  Major  '  Hastings,  possibly  this  '  Captain,'  was 
committed  a  prisoner  to  the  Tower  in  1690. 


This  name  is  not  again  on  this  Army  List,  while  on 
the  Attainders  only  that  of  Eichard '  Hobbs '  of  Creagh, 
County  of  Wexford,  appears. 


He  was  attainted  in  1691,  by  the  description  of 
Thomas  Greene,  Junior,  of  Corrstown,  County  of  Kil- 
kenny ;  but  nothing  more  has  been  ascertained  con- 
cerning him,  nor  what  might  be  his  kindred  (as  there 
probably   was  such,)    with   the    Lieutenant-Colonel 



killed,  as  before  mentioned,  at  the  Boyne.  The  war- 
rant for  pardon  to  a  Nicholas  Greene  of  Cork,  dated 
in  1701,  is  preserved  in  Harris's  MSS.  in  the  Royal 
Dublin  Society,*  from  which  it  appears  that  he  was  a 
merchant,  and  had  transported  the  '  King's '  provisions 
to  France  in  the  ship  '  James,'  in  time  of  war.  His 
pardon  was,  however,  granted,  on  the  ground  "  that 
said  Greene  was  ignorant  of  the  freightage  at  the 
time ;  that  theretofore,  while  the  Irish  party  was  in 
possession  of  Cork  and  for  ten  years  since,  he  had 
adhered  to  the  Protestant  religion  and  interest ;  and 
that,  when  the  Williamite  forces  landed  in  the  har- 
bour of  Cork,  he  was  the  person  who,  at  the  hazard 
of  his  life,  guided  them  over  that  part  of  the  sea 
which  encompassed  the  east  marsh  next  adjoining 
the  said  City,  whereupon  the  garrison  capitulated  ; 
and  that  he  hath  shewed  his  affection  to  our  interest 
by  exposing  his  life  whenever  our  affairs  required 
his  service  ;  and  for  that  particularly,  with  his  own 
hands,  he  took  and  brought  in  several  proclaimed 
Traitors  and  Tories,  who  suffered  punishment  for  their 
crimes,   and   that    there   were    not  wanting   ample 

testimonies   to  his  integrity." At  the   Court   of 

Chichester  House,  in  1700,  a  John  Greene  claimed 
the  benefit  of  a  leasehold  interest  in  "  the  Castle  and 
great  White  House  at  Lucan,"  the  land  called  the 
Wood,  and  several  other  premises,  as  forfeited  by 
Patrick  Sarsfield.  His  petition  was  however  dismist 
for  non-prosecution. 

•  Vol.  10,  p.  309. 


Parker's  horse.  229 


None  of  these  names  occur  again  on  the  Army 
List,  or  at  all  on  the  Attainders. 


He  appears  to  have  been  of  a  Wexford  family.  The 
Outlawries  of  1691  present  the  names  of  James  and 
Thomas  Oldfield,  of  Duncannon  in  the  County  of 


A  SKETCH  of  Pedigree  of  the  Skeltons  of  Sleaty  in 
the  Queen's  County,  is  preserved  among  the  Manu- 
scripts of  Trinity  College,  Dublin  (F  3,  27)  ;  and, 
although  the  Christian  name  of  this  officer  does  not 
appear  upon  it,  he  may  probably  have  belonged  to 
the  line. 

Sir  Bevil  Skelton  was  the  first  who,  while  Envoy 
at  the  Hague  in  1688,  having  intercepted  a  letter  by 
which  he  learned  the  meditated  expedition  of  the 
Prince  of  Orange,  communicated  it  to  King  James;  but 


not  being  accredited,  he  only  incurred  hostility  there- 
by, which  led  to  his  committal  to  the  Tower.  He 
was,  however,  within  a  few  days  made  Lieutenant 
of  the  place  which  he  had  entered  a  prisoner.* 
On  this  '  List '  a  Thomas  Skelton  appears  Lieu- 
tenant in  the  King's  Own  Foot,  while  a  James  Skelton 
is  described  as  one  of  the  witnesses  to  the  Capitu- 
lation of  Galway,  21st  July,  1691.  In  the  Septem- 
ber following,  this  James,  described  as  then  a  Colonel, 
was  taken  prisoner  at  the  siege  of  Limerick,  when 
defending  the  fort  at  Thomond  Bridge.     He  died  of 

the  wounds  he  there  sustained.f The  Attainders 

of  1691  exhibit  the  names  of  John  and  Bevil  Skelton 

of  Dublin,  and  Maria  Skelton,  otherwise  O'Brien. 

Another  Colonel  Skelton  passed  over  with  James  the 
Second  to  France,  and  was  Comptroller  in  the  Estab- 
lishment at  St.  Germains.J 

r,  ^,  i  EDMOND  CONFORTH, 

QuARTER-MaBTERS,   jjQgjj^(.TQjj 

None  of  these  surnames  occur  again  upon  this  List 
or  on  the  Attainders. 

•  Harris's  Life  of  William  III.,  p.  127. 

t  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  2,  pp.  180  <fe  226, 

t  Harleian  Collections,  v.  11,  p.  391. 

park£r's  horse.  231 


The  Attainders  of  1641  include  the  names  of  Sir 
William  Hill,  Knight,  of  Ballybeg  or  Allenstown, 
County  of  Meath  :  and  of  Philip  and  Patrick  Hill  of 
Dromyn,  County  of  Wicklow.  Those  outlawed  in 
1691  were  Arthur,  Dominick,  and  James  Hill  of 
Allenstown  aforesaid,  Gentlemen  ;  but  no  mention  is 
made  of  a  John  Hill. 


This  noble  Sept  was  possessed  of  the  ancient  territory 
of  Beara,  comprising  the  modern  Baronies  of  Beare 
and  Bantry  in  the  County  of  Cork,  whence  their 
Chiefs  took  their  respective  designations  of  the 
O'Sullivan  Beare  and  the  O'Sullivan  Bantry  ;  while 
another  branch,  styled  O'Sullivan  More,  lorded  over 
Dunkerrin  and  part  of  Iveragh  in  the  County  of 
Kerry,  and  a  third  were  Chiefe  of  Knockgraflfon  in 
Tipperary.  At  the  close  of  the  twelfth  century, 
Laurence  O'Sullivan  succeeded  to  the  See  of  Cloyne  ; 
as  did  Alan  O'Sullivan  thereto  in  1240,  in  some 
years  aft«r  which  he  was  promoted  to  that  of  Lismore, 
where  he  died  in  1253.  In  1376,  the  King,  at  the 
instance  of  "  his  faithful  liege,  MacCarty  of  Des- 
mond, Captain  of  his  Nation,"  granted  to  Thomas 
(y  *Soulevan,'  and  Mac  Creagh  O'Soulevan,  liberty  to 
pass  over  to  the  Court  of  Rome,  provided  they  carried 


or  did  nothing  prejudicial  to  the  English  King.  The 
Four  Masters  relate  that  in  1398,  Mac  Cartie  of 
Carbeny,  in  Cork,  gave  the  O'Sullivan  a  complete 
overthrow,  when  two  of  his  sons,  Owen  and  Connor, 
with  many  others,  were  slain.  They  give  melancholy 
importance  to  an  annal  of  1404,  where  it  is  said,  "  A 
contest  arose  between  Mac  Carty  and  O'Sullivan 
Buidhe  ;  and  Turlogh  Meith  Mac  Mahon  was  Mac 
Carty's  admiral  at  that  time,  who  overtook  O'Sullivan 
at  sea ;  and  also  the  sons  of  Dermod  Mac  Carty, 
who  were  aiding  O'Sullivan  against  Mac  Carthy  ;  he 
drowned  O'Sullivan  on  that  occasion,  and  took  Donal, 
son  of  Dermod  Mac  Carthy,  prisoner."  In  1563, 
"  O'Sullivan  Beare,  i.  e.  Donal,  the  son  of  Dermod, 
son  of  Donal,  son  of  Donal,  son  of  Dermod  Balbh,  (the 
stammerer)  fell  by  the  hand  of  a  bad  chief,  namely, 
Mac  Gillicuddy  ;  and  though  famous  as  had  been  his 
father  Dermod,  that  Donal  was  a  worthy  heir  to  him  ; 
and  his  kinsman,  Owen  O'Sullivan,  succeeded  in  his 

In  the  year  1581,  the  son  of  O'Sullivan,  i.  e.  Donal, 
the  son  of  Donal,  (of  1563)  defeated  the  people  of 
Carberry.  "  The  manner  in  which  that  happened 
was  this ;  Captain  Siuits  (Zouch)  having  proceeded 
from  Cork  through  Carberry  to  the  monastery  of 
Bantry,  sent  the  sons  of  Turlogh,  the  son  of  Maol- 
murry,  son  of  Donagh  Mac  Sweeny,  the  son  of 
O'Donovan,  and  a  number  of  the  chiefs  of  Pobbles 
and  of  the  gentlemen  of  Carberry,  to  plunder  the 
son  of  O'Sullivan.     The  forces  sent  by  the  Captain 


having  taken  immense  spoils  and  much  booty,  Donal 
thought  it  a  great  mortification  to  suffer  his  property 
to  be  carried  away,  and  he  himself  alive  ;  and  he 
therefore  attacked  the  Irish  clans  who  were  about 
the  booty,  and  it  was  verified  on  that  day,  that  it  is 
not  by  a  numerous  force  that  a  battle  is  gained,  for 
nearly  three  hundred  of  the  Carberians  were  slain  by 
Donal,  although  his  own  party  did  not  number  much 
more  than  fifty  men  who  were  able  to  fight  in  that 
battle."  To  Sir  John  Perrot's  Parliament  of  1585 
went  "the  O'Sullivan  Beare,  i.  e.  Owen,  the  son  of 
Dermod,  son  of  Donal,  son  of  Donogh,  son  of  Der- 
mod  Balbh  ;  as  also  O'Sullivan  More,  i.  e.  Owen,  son 
of  Donal,  son  of  Donal-na-Sgreadaighe."  At  the 
crisis  of  the  Munster  War,  O'Neill  and  O'Donnell 
confided  the  command  and  control  of  their  forces 
(according  to  the  Four  Masters)  to  the  O'Sullivan 
Beare,  then  Donal,  son  of  Donal,  son  of  Dermod  ; 
*for  he  was  the  chief  commander  of  his  party  in  Mun- 
ster, at  that  time,  in  wisdom  and  valour/  The 
O'Sullivans,  who  had  many  strong  castles  over  their 
extent  of  maritime  country,  were  inalienably  at- 
tached to  the  Desmond  (see  the  '  Pacata  Hibemia ' 
passim).  By  that  devotion,  and  the  discomfiture  at 
Kinsale,  they  suffered  large  confiscations,  and  their 
chie^  the  aforesaid  Donal  or  Daniel,  retiring  to 
Spain,  distinguished  himself  there  in  military  service 
under  the  title  of  Count  of  Berehaven.* 

In   1604,   according  to   the  state  policy  of  the 

•  Ferrar's  Limeiick,  p.  174. 


time,  Dermot,  Daniel,  and  Cnogher  O'Sullivan,  de- 
scribed as  sons  of  Daniel  O'Sullivan  More,  deceased, 
surrendered  all  their  lands  and  chiefiies  in  Kerry, 
with  the  object  of  obtaining  a  re-grant  thereof  to 
them  in  fee  from  the  Crown.  In  the  following  year, 
at  the  Royal  instance,  a  similar  surrender  and  re- 
grant  of  the  estates  of  Owen  O'Sullivan,  called  the 
O'Sullivan  More,  was  effected  by  patents,  with  an 
arrangement  for  the  extinction  of  that  Captaincy, 
and  for  granting  said  Owen  the  title  of  Baron  in 
lieu  thereof.  He  had  afterwards,  in  1612,  an  en- 
larged grant  of  various  Castles,  Lands,  Fisheries, 
Duties,  Markets,  Courts,  Tolls,  and  Chief  Rents,  as 
formerly  granted  to  his  father  '  Sir'  Owen  O'Sullivan, 
(the  rents  having  been  payable  to  the  Earl  of  Des- 
mond) to  hold  same  to  him,  the  said  Owen,  in  tail 
male.*  In  1613,  Sir  Thomas  Roper  had  a  grant  of 
large  estates  in  Munster,  and  amongst  these  were 
"  parcels  of  the  estates  of  Teigue Mc Daniel  C'Swelli- 
van,'  and  of  Owen  M'Donnell  M'Donough  O'Swellivan, 
late  of  Cahirdonellmore,  both  slain  in  rebellion."  In 
1632,  when  the  sea  at  the  south  of  Ireland  was  in- 
fested with  Algerine  Rovers,  the  Lord  President  of  that 
Province,  in  a  letter  to  the  Lords  Justices,  in  reference 
to  the  precautions  he  had  taken  to  secure  the  coast  of 
Cork,  writes : — "Mr.  Daniel  O'SuUivan  has  a  house  of 
reasonable  strength  at  Berehaven,  and  takes  upon 
him  to  defend  it  and  Ballygobbin  ;    he  promises  to 

•  Rolls,  Temp.  Jac.  1,  in  CaDC.  Hib. 

Parker's  horse.  235 

erect  five  beacons  upon  the  Dorseys,  and  four  upon 
the  great  island.  I  have  directed  O'Sullivan  More, 
who  lives  on  the  river  of  Eenmare,  to  take  warning 
from  the  beacon  erected  on  the  promontory  over  the 
Dorseys,  and  by  one  of  his  own,  to  assemble  his 
tenants  and  servants  at  his  strong  and  defensible 
castle  ;  but  I  think  this  caution  needless,  as  the 
inhabitants  on  both  sides  of  that  river  are  but  few, 
till  as  far  up  as  Glaneraught,  where  the  pirates  dare 
not  venture."* 

In  the  Attainders  of  1642  were  Donell  O'Sullivan 
Beare,  of  Berehaven,  PhOip  O'Sullivan  of  Loughandy, 
Owen  of  InQhiclough  and  Drimdavane,  Donell  Mac 
Owen  of  Drumgarvan,  John  Mac  Dermody  of  Der- 
ryne,  Gillicuddy  O'Sullivan  of  Traghprashy,  Connor 
O'Sullivan  of  Loughane,  and  Owen  Neagh  O'Sullivan 

of  Drumgowlane,  all  in  the  County  of  Cork. This 

Sept  was  represented  at  the  supreme  Council  of  Kil- 
kenny by  O'Sullivan  More  of  Dunkeiran,  and  Daniel 
O'Sullivan  of  Culmagort ;  while  the  Declaration  of 
Boyal  gratitude,  in  the  Act  of  Settlement,  preserves 
the  names  of  Captain  Dermot  O'Sullivan  of  Kilmeloe, 
Lieutenant  O'Sullivan  of  Fermoyle,  and  Ensign 
Owen  O'Sullivan,  all  in  the  County  of  Cork. 

Of  these  outlawed  in  1691,  were  Daniel  O'Sullivan 
of  Rosmacone,  McDermott  Cnogher  Sullivan,  and 
Cornelius  Sullivan  of  Shiskeen  ;  Owen  MacMurtough 
Sullivan  of  Berehaven,  John  Mac  Murtough  Sulli- 
van of  Lanlaurence,  Thady  Sullivan  of  Killiebane, 

•  Smith's  Cork,  v.  1,  p.  279. 


Clerk,  all  in  the  County  of  Cork  ;  with  Dermot  Mac 
Donell  '  Soolevane '  of  Litton,  and  Florence  '  Soole- 
vane '  of  Nodden  in  the  County  of  Kerry.  In  1696, 
Henry  Lord  Shelbume  passed  patent  for  lands  of  the 
O'Sullivan  More  in  the  Barony  of  Dunkerron,  County 
of  Kerry,  his  widow  Mary  receiving  jointure  off  part 

thereof. ^"At  the   Court    of  Claims,  however, 

Daniel  0' '  Sullevane,'  styled,  '  More,'  claimed  and  was 
allowed  a  fee  by  descent  from  Daniel  O'Sullivan,  his 
grandfather,  in  the  romantic  district  of  Thomies  at 
Killamey,  forfeited  by  Sir  Nicholas  Browne ;  while 
Sheely  Sullivane,  widow  and  executrix  of  Donald 
Sullevane  More,  and  Desmond  Sullevane,  their  son 
and  heir,  claimed  interests  in  Cork  lands,  forfeited  by 
the  Earl  of  Clancarty.  Teigue  Sullevane  sought  a 
freehold  near  Killamey,  also  forfeited  by  Nicholas 
Brown,  but  his  petition  was  dismist ;  while  William 
Sullevane  claimed  and  was  allowed  a  freehold  in 
Kerry  lands,  forfeited  by  Valentine  Brown;  and 
Daniel  Sullevane  and  Henrietta  his  wife,  for  them- 
selves and  their  children,  petitioned  (but  were  dis- 
mist) for  freeholds  and  remainders  in  the  Counties 
of  Wicklow,  Kildare,  and  Kilkenny, — the  confiscations 
of  Sir  Edward  Scott. 

A  Sullivan  was  the  lasfc  companion  of  the  unfortu- 
nate Prince  Charles  Edward,  and  shared  all  the  hard- 
ships and  perils  of  his  outcast  days  in  Scotland. 

At  Ypres,  in  1745,  Tim  O'Sullivan  and  Florence 
Sullivan  were  of  the  wounded ;  while  at  the  battle  of 
Lauffield,   in    1747,   Murtough   Sullivan  of  Clare's 


Brigade  was  wounded,  and  subsequently  Major  O'Sul- 
livan  was  for  many  years  Town-Major  of  Prague.* — 
"  There  is  (1750)  in  Spain,"  writes  Smith,  in  his 
History  of  Cork,  (vol.  1,  p.  294)  "  a  descendant  of 
O'Sullivan  Bear,  who  is  ennobled  and  called  the 
Count  of  Berehaven,  and  is  also  said  to  be  hereditary 

Governor  of  the  Groyne." In  the  American  War, 

John  Sullivan  supereeded  Arnold  in  the  command  of 
the  American  army  in  Canada,  in  June,  1776  ;  but 
was  soon  driven  out  of  that  Province.  He  was  after- 
wards distinguished  in  the  battles  of  Brandywine  and 
Germantown.  In  1778,  he  laid  siege  to  Newport, 
and  in  the  following  year  commanded  an  expedition 
against  the  Six  Nations  of  Indians  in  the  State  of 
New  York  ;  but  resigned  his  command  in  chagrin  at 
the  end  of  that  year.  In  1786,  1787,  and  1789,  he 
was  Governor  of  New  Hampshire,  and  died  in  January, 


The  Stritches  are  located  on  Ortelius's  Map  in  the 
Barony  of  Small-County,  Limerick.  When  Ireton 
took  that  City  in  1651,  Alderman  Thomas  Stritch 
was  one  of  the  citizens  excluded  from  mercy.  In 
May,  1640,  Nicholas  Stritch,  as  son  and  heir  of  Rich- 
ard  Stritch  of  Limerick,  sued  out  'livery'  of  his 

*  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  p.  498. 
t  Gent.  Mag.,  1855,  p.  122. 


estates  from  the  Court  of  Ward.  Besides  this  oflScer, 
Stephen  '  Stretch'  is,  in  the  present  Army  List,  an 
Ensign  in  Sir  Charles  O'Bryan's  Infantry  (post). 
On  the  Outlawries  of  1691  the  above  Quarter-Master 
is  described  as  of  Kilrush,  County  of  Clare;  an 
Edward  'Stretch'  of  Limerick  was  likewise  then 
attainted.  At  the  Court  of  Claims  none  were  pre- 
ferred against  estates  of  the  Stritches ;  but  Bartholo- 
mew  Stritch,  as  son  and  heir  of  Patrick  Stritch, 
claimed  and  was  allowed  a  mortgage  charged  on  lands 
in  Clare,  forfeited  by  Daniel  Mulloney. 


This  name  does  not  otherwise  occur  on  the  List,  nor 
on  the  Attainders.  The  '  Pacata  Hibemia'  makes 
mention,  (p.  656)  of  a  Thomas  Selby,  Lieutenant  to 
Captain  Francis  Slingsby,  in  the  War  of  Munster, 
temp.  Elizabeth,  who,  in  a  sharp  engagement  with  the 
*  Rebels'  of  that  Province,  succeeded  in  taking  from 
them  2000  cows,  4,000  sheep,  and  1000  '  garrans' 

purcell's  horse. 





The  Colonel.  James  Fitzgerald. 

Robert  Pnroell,        Thomas  PnroelL 

Gharks  Mc  Domiel, 


John  Everard. 
Daniel  Mo  Carthj. 
Anthonjr  Morres. 
James  Batler,  of 

Michael  Kemj. 
Cornelias  Meagher. 
Piers  Power. 
John  Kenned  jr. 
Theobald  PnroelL 
Theobald  Bntler. 


James  Bntler. 
Anthonjr  PnrcelL 

Thomas  Travers. 
Bryan  Meagher. 
Owen  Mc  Carthjr. 
Hugh  Kennedjr. 
Hngh  PnrcelL 
Thomas  Meagh. 


William  Bannon. 
Daniel  Qninn. 

James  Tnmj. 
John  Fitzgerald. 
Edmund  Meagher. 
Richard  Keating. 
James  Wale. 


The  meagre  Army  List  printed  in  the  Somers'  Col- 
lection of  Tracts,  (vol.  XL  p.  411)  classes  this  Regi- 
ment among  the  Dragoons,  and  reports  its  strength 
as  twelve  troops,  totting  720  men.  It  was  chiefly 
raised  in  Tipperary.  Sir  Hugh  Purcell,  the  ancestor 
of  this  family  in  Ireland,  married  Beatrix,  daughter  of 
Theobald  Butler.  The  name  was  early  introduced 
into  Munster,  where  it  soon  became  so  numerous 
that  the  rolls  of  licences  for  protection  and  pardon 
in  the  year  1310,  (in  prudence  then  necessitated) 
include  no  less  than  thirteen  adult  Purcells  ;  while 

240  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

eight  years  previously  Hugh,  Philip,  Maurice,  and 
Adam  Purcell  were  of  the  Irish  magnates  summoned 
to  the  Scottish  war.  A  friary  for  Conventual  Francis- 
cans  was  founded  in  1240,  at  Wateiford,  by  the  Lord 
'  Hugh  Purcell,'  who  was  interred  there  in  the  same 
year.*  John  Purcell,  Abbot  of  St.  Thomas's  Monastery 
of  Dublin,  having  given  credence  to  the  pretensions  of 
Lambert  Simnel,  was  obliged  in  1488  to  sue  out  pardon 
and  to  take  the  oath  of  allegiance  before  Sir  Richard 
Edgecombe.  In  1538,  Philip  Purcell  was  Abbot  of 
Holy-Cross,  as  was  subsequently  John  Purcell  Prior 
of  St.  John's  Abbey,  Kilkenny,  where  his  tomb  of 
black  marble  is  yet  to  be  seen.f  In  the  reigns  of 
Elizabeth  and  James,  Purcells  were  seised  of  many 
castles  and  manors  in  Kilkenny.  The  only  individual 
of  this  name  attainted  in  1642,  was  William  Purcell  of 
Irishtown,  County  of  Kildare,  clerk.  Robert  Purcell, 
styled  '  of  Curry,'  was  one  of  the  Supreme  Council  in 
1646.  When  Limerick  was  taken  by  Ireton  in 
1651,  Major-Greneral  Purcell  was  one  of  the  garrison 
excluded  from  mercy  ;J  and  in  the  following  year 
Cromwell,  by  his  Act  'for  settling  Ireland,'  further 
excepted  this  Major-General  from  pardon  for  life  and 
estate.  During  the  time  of  the  Commonwealth,  an 
Inquisition  was  directed  and  a  survey  made  of  the 
parish  of  Crumlin,  County  of  Dublin,  by  Royal  Com- 
mission, and  a  map  was  drawn  (which  is  in  the 
possession  of  Ignatius  Francis  Purcell,  the  present 

•  Archdall'sMon.  Hib.,  p.  704.        t  Ware's  Bishops,  p.  459. 
{  Leland's  Ireland,  v.  8,  p.  402. 

purcell's  horse.  241 

proprietor)  by  which  it  is  shown  that  the  Purcells 
were  then,  as  they  had  been  for  a  long  time  previously, 

the  owners  of  neariy  the  whole  parish. By  the 

Act  of  Settlement  (1663),  Theobald  Purcell  was  con- 
firmed in  his  estate,  as  was  also  Philip  Purcell  of 
Ballyfoyle,  County  of  Kilkenny  ;  while  the  Declaration 
of  Royal  gratitude  therein,  *  for  services  beyond  the 
seas,'  especially  named  James  Purcell  of  Knockmoe, 
[Loughmow]  County  of  Tipperary.  He  ranked  in 
1670  as  the  titular  Baron  of  that  ancient  place,  and 
was  grand-nephew  of  the  first  Duke  of  Ormonde.  Of 
this  very  ancient  line  a  full  pedigree  is  given  in 
a  genealogical  manuscript  in  T.C.D.  (F.  iv.  18). 

On  the  present  Army  List,  besides  the  Colonel  and 
six  other  Purcells  in  this  Regiment,  a  James  Purcell 
was  Lieutenant  in  Lord  Clare's  Dragoons,  Edmund 
Purcell  in  Lord  Mountcashel's  Infantry,  Owen  in 
Colonel  Edward  Butler's,  and  Peter  in  the  King's  Own. 
In  Sir  Michael  Creagh's,  Richard  Purcell  was  a  Cap- 
tain ;  in  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's,  Nicholas  Purcell 
was  an  Ensign  ;  and  in  Lord  Galmoy's  Horse,  James 
Purcell  was  a  Comet  (he  was  wounded  at  Derry) ; 
while  this  latter  was  also  the  name  of  a  Colonel  of 
Infantry  in  the  service.  A  Robert  Purcell  stands  on 
the  Establishment  of  1687-8  for  a  pension  of  £253 
per  annum. 

The  above  Colonel  Nicholas  was  titular  Baron  of 
Loughmow.  In  1686,  he  was  added  to  the  King's 
Privy  Council  of  Ireland,  and  in  1689  was  one  of 
the  Representatives  of  the  County  of  Tipperary  in  the 

242  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

Parliament  of  Dublin.  That  Parliament  was  yet  sit- 
ting when  King  James  wrote  to  Lieutenant-General 
Hamilton,  then  'at  the  camp  of  Deny/  that  he  had 
ordered  'Purcell's  Dragoons'  to  Belturbet ;  and  the 
achievements  of  this  Regiment,  within  four  miles  of 
Enniskillen,  are  commended  by  another  despatch  from 
the  Duke  of  Berwick  to  the  same  Lieutenant-General. 
Late  on  the  fatal  day  of  the  battle  of  the  Boyne, 
King  James,  yet  ignorant  that  his  rival  had  passed 
the  river  at  Old  Bridge,  took  the  reserve,  which  con- 
sisted of  Colonel  Purcell's  Horse  and  Browne's  Infan- 
try, to  where  he  found  Lausun  drawn  up  in  battle 
array,  with  intent  to  charge  the  enemy's  right,  which 
stood  on  his  front  within  cannon-shot;  while  however 
he  was  considering  this  movement,  he  received  intima- 
tion of  the  state  of  the  field,  and  the  attempt,  which 
James  projected,  was  pronounced  by  Sarsfield  and 
Maxwell  to  be  impracticable.*  On  Lord  Tyrconnel's 
subsequent  departure  to  France,  Colonel  Nicholas  Pur- 
cell,  who  was  a  zealous  adherent  of  Sarsfield,  was  of  the 
Deputation  despatched  by  the  war  party  to  St.  Grer- 
mains,  to  solicit  their  King  to  remove  Tyrconnel  from 
the  government  of  this  country.f  On  the  passage, 
according  to  0'Conor,J  "he  and  Colonel  Henry  Lut- 
trel  designed  to  throw  overboard  Brigadier  Maxwell, 
who  was  the  accredited  agent  of  the  Duke  of  Berwick, 
and  who,  as  these  'conspirators'  were   aware,  had 

*  O'Callaghan's  Excidium  MacaricBj  p.  352. 
t  Clarke  8  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  422. 
X  O'Conor's  Military  Mem.  p.  128. 

purcell's  hoese.  •  243 

secret  instructions  to  apprise  the  King  that  the 
Duke's  object  in  placing  them  on  the  mission  was,  that 
his  Majesty  might  have  the  facility  of  detaining 
them  in  France,  as  in  Ireland  they  were  'the  fire- 
brands of  the  army.'"  Colonel  Nicholas  was  afterwards 
one  of  those  who  negotiated  and  signed,  on  behalf  of 
the  Irish,  the  Treaty  of  Limerick.  He  was  then 
most  active  in  his  endeavours  to  dissuade  his  country- 
men f5pom  taking  service  with  foreign  powers,  and 
rather  to  enlist  in  the  English  army.  O'Conor 
accordingly  represents  his  Regiment  as  one  of  those 
that,  with  Clifford's,  Luttrell's,  Lord  Iveagh's,  Dillon's, 
and  *Hussey's,'  turned  over  to  the  new  government. 
"The  recreants,"  says  that  writer,  "were  mustered 
near  the  General's  quarters,  and  regaled  with  bread, 
cheese,  brandy,  tobacco,  and  a  fortnight's  subsistence, 
to  steel  them  against  the  reproaches  of  their  country- 
men, and  drown  any  scruples  of  conscience  or  honour, 

that  might  induce  them  to  return  to  their  colours. 

Colonel  Nicholas  was,  nevertheless,  attainted  in  1691, 
with  Ignatius  and  John  Purcell  of  Crumlin,  Robert 
and  James  Purcell  of  Dublin,  John  of  Connehy,  County 
of  Kilkenny,  Thomas  of  Clillenclin,  Theobald  of  Clone, 
(who  was  found  seized  of  1478  acres  in  the  Barony 

of  Galmoy,)  Purcell,  son  of  John  Purcell  of 

Lissinane,  in  the  County  of  Kilkenny,  Robert  Fitz- 
Theobald  Purcell  of  the  City  of  Kilkenny,  Edward  of 
Cork,  Nicholas  of  Loughbricyand,  County  of  Down, 
Tobias  Purcell  of  Maynard,  Queen's  County,  and 
Philip  Purcell  of  Fleskhugh,  County  of  Galway.     Of 


244  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

all  these  outlaws  only  Ignatius  Purcell  obtained  a  par- 
don from  the  Crown.  At  the  Court  of  Claims, 
Colonel  Nicholas  Purcell  and  Ellen  his  wife  claimed 
and  were  allowed  her  portion  off  Cork  and  Kerry 
lands,  forfeited  by  Lord  Kenmare  and  Nicholas  his 

It  may  be  mentioned  that  in  March,  1691,  (accord- 
ing  to  Story,*)  Lieutenant-Colonel  Toby  Purcell,  on 
several  occasions,  in  King  William's  service,  killed  one 
hundred  of  the  Rapparees  in  the  County  of  Longford. 
He  subsequently,  in  June  of  that  year,  was  appointed 
Governor  of  Ballymore,  with  five  companies  of  the 
Ee^ment  of  General  Douglas,  who  had  gone  off  to 
Flanders.f  In  July  following,  he  was  one  of  three 
hostages  exchanged  for  three  others  of  James's  army, 
pending  the  negotiations  for  the  capitulation  of 
Galway.J  After  the  war,  he  was  appointed  Go- 
vernor of  the  fort  of  Duncannon,  and  on  a  repre- 
sentation of  his  services  theretofore,  especially  at 
Newry,  memorialed  King  William  for  a  confirmation  ot 
certain  lands  in  Tipperary  to  him.§  Story  relates 
that  a  Major  Purcell  was  killed  at  Aughrim;  while, 
according  to  another  authority,||  Baron  Purcell  of 
Loughmow  and  his  son  were  kOled  there. 

The  family  above  alluded  to  as  of  Crumlin,  County  of 
Dublin,  had  removed  thither  from  Munster  at  so  early 

*  Impartial  History,  part  2,  p.  60. 
t  Idem,  p.  93.  J  Iddm,  p.  164. 

§  Thorpe's  Cat.  Southwell  MSS.,  247. 
II  Rawdon  Papers,  p.  351. 

purcell's  noRSE.  245 

a  period,  that  in  the  muniments  of  St.  Patrick  s  Cathe- 
dral is  recorded  a  petition  of  John  Purcell,  Esq.,  claim- 
ing a  right  to  be  buried  in  the  chancel  of  the  Church  of 
Crumlin,  as  a  privilege  which  his  ancestors  had  en- 
joyed time  out  of  mind,  and  this  his  claim  was  so 
proved  and  allowed.  The  privilege  of  burial  in  the 
chancel  was  only  conceded  in  early  times  to  the 
lord  of  the  fee,  which  in  Crumlin  is  still  vested  in 
Ignatius  Francis  Purcell. 

Many  Purcells  followed  the  fortunes  of  James  the 
Second  to  the  Continent,  and  were  distinguished  in 
the  armies  of  France,  Spain,  and  Portugal. 


This  name  is  considered  of  Danish  origin ;  if  so,  it  has 
been  very  generally  planted  over  England,  especially 
in  the  southern  parts  of  that  island,  earlier  than  it 
came  into  Ireland;  where  it  is  recorded  that,  in  1131, 
Everard  died  Abbot  of  Mary's  Abbey.*  In  1356, 
John  '  Everhard '  was  one  of  those  influential  pro- 
prietors, within  what  was  distinguished  as  the  County 
of  the  Cross  of  Tipperary,  who  then  elected  its  Sherifll 
The  persons  who  exercised  this  authority  with  him 
were  John  '  Mauncell,'  Knight  ;  Robert  '  Wodlock,' 
Simon  Cantwell,  James  Warner,  Thomas  '  Walleys,' 
Thomas  Taunt,  John  '  Mauclerk,'  William  Sause, 
Robert  Burtuin,  with  fourteen  others;  and  the  person 

*  Rolls  in  Chancery. 

246  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

whom  they  elected  to  this  oflSce  was  Andrew  Haket. 
Laurence  Everard  was  one  of  those  who,  in  1415, 
fought  at  the  battle  of  Agincourt,  a  place  not  gene- 
erally  known  to  be  identified  with  the  now  peaceful 
site  of  St.  Omer's.  In  1531,  Sir  Thomas  Everard 
was  chosen  Prior  of  the  Religious  House  of  St.  John 
the  Baptist,  at  Dublin.  A  genealogical  manuscript 
in  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  (F.  iii.  27)  contains  a 
sketch  of  the  lineage  of  the  Everards  of  Fethard,  for 
six  generations,  of  the  fifteenth  and  sixteenth  cen- 

In  Sir  John  Perrot's  Parliament  of  1585,  Redmond 
Everard  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the  County 
of  Tipperary.  In  1603,  John  Everard  of  Fethard 
was  appointed  a  Justice  of  the  King's  Bench  in  Ire- 
land ;  he  was  afterwards  knighted,  and  had  a  grant 
of  various  manors,  castles,  towns,  and  lands  in  the 
Counties  of  Tipperary  and  Waterford.*  In  1612,  he 
was  elected  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Commons  by  the 
recusant  party,  having  resigned  his  Judgeship  sooner 
than  take  the  oath  of  supremacy.  This  election  was 
however  over-ruled,  and  Sir  John  Davis,  the  King's 
Attorney-General,  was  substituted.  Richard  Ever- 
ard of  Everard's  Castle,  the  second  son  of  said  Sir 
John,  was  one  of  the  Confederate  Catholics  in  1646  ; 
and  was  in  1651  condemned  to  die,  when  Ireton 
took  Limerick.f  His  eldest  son.  Sir  Redmond  of 
Fethard,  Baronet,  was  by  the  Act  of  Settlement  (1662) 
restored  to  his  principal  seat  and  two  thousand  acres 

*  Rolls  in  Chancery.  f  Lelaud's  Ireland,  v.  3,  p.  402. 

purcell's  horse.  247 

of  land  ;  while  the  Declaration  of  Royal  gratitude  in 
the  same  Act  recognised  his  services  beyond  the  seas. 
He  married  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Richard 
Butler  of  Kilcash/  County  of  Tipperary,  a  brother  of 
the  whole  blood  to  the  Duke  of  Ormonde  ;  and  by 
her  had  issue  two  sons,  Sir  John  his  eldest,  and  James 
Everard  his  second  son,  with  four  daughters.  Sir 
Redmond  died  in  Dublin  in  February  1686,  and  was 
buried  in  Trinity  Church,  Fethard  ;  as  testified  by  a 
Funeral  Entry  in  Birmingham  Tower  avouched  by 
Sir  John  Everard,  his  eldest  son.  The  will  of  Sir 
Redmond  is  of  record  in  the  Rolls  Office,  Dublin. 
Another  fiineral  entry,  in  Birmingham  Tower, 
certifies  the  burial  in  St.  Werburgh's  church  on  the 
7th  June,  1661,  of  Nicholas  Everard,  son  of  John,  son 
of  Nicholas,  son  of  Sir  John,  son  of  Redmond  ;  and 
that  the  first  named  Nicholas  died,  a  bachelor,  as  at- 
tested by  Redpiond  Everard,  his  heir. 

On  this  Army  List,  besides  Captain  John,  appear 
of  the  Everard  family  Lucas,  a  Captain  in  Lord 
Slane's  Infantry ;  as  was  James  in  Colonel  Thomas 
Butlers  ;  while  in  Sir  Michael  Creagh's,  Patrick 
Everard  was  a  Lieutenant  and  Andrew  Everard  an 
Ensign.  This  Patrick  represented  Kells  in  King 
James's  Parliament,  where  Sir  John,  the  Baronet,  was 
one  of  the  members  for  the  County  of  Tipperary. 
This  last  individual  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Augh- 
rim,*  and  seems  identical  with  the  above  Captain 
John,  of  this  Regiment.     Another  Everard,  ranked 

♦  Story's  Impartial  Hist,  part  2,  p.  138. 

248  KING  James's  irish  army  ust. 

Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  described  as  of  Randalstown, 
County  of  Meath,  (but  not  on  this  List)  was  adjudged 
within  the  benefit  of  the  Articles  of  Limerick  ;  while 
of  those  attainted  were  Matthew  of  Randalstown, 
Patrick  of  Navan,  Lucas  of  Fyanstown,  and  Thomas 
of  Oristown,  aU  in  the  County  of  Meath  ;  with  Sir 
John  of  Fethard,  and  James  of  the  County  of  Water- 

In  1697,  a  part  of  the  Meath  estate  of  Patrick 
Everard  was  granted  to  Arthur  Padmore  and  Joshua 
Dawson,  as  were  in  1702  the  Tipperary  estates  of  Sir 
John  of  Fethard,  partly  to  Richard  Burgh  of  Grove, 
and  partly  to  David  Lowe  of  Knockelly  in  said 
County  ;  and  a  portion  of  his  Waterford  estates  to 
James  Roche,  in  consideration  of  his  services  at 
Derry.  In  1703,  a  further  section  of  Patrick  Eve- 
rard's  Meath  property  was  purchased  by  Alderman 
John  Leigh  of  Drogheda,  from  the  Commissioners  of 
the  Forfeited  Estates,  and  another  by  the  Hollow 
Swords  'Blades'  Company.  Estates  of  his  in  the 
County  of  Roscommon  were  acquired  on  similar  title 
by  Richard  Lloyd  of  Cavetown  ;  and  others,  in  the 
County  of  Longford,  by  James  Johnston  of  Little- 
mount,   County   of  Fermanagh. At  Chichester 

House,  in  1700,  Matthias  Everard  claimed,  as  son 
and  heir  of  Thomas  Everard,  an  estate  in  fee  in  the 
Meath  forfeitures  of  the  aforesaid  Patrick  ;  whOe,  on 
the  whole  estate  of  Sir  John  Everard,  Margaret  Eve- 
rard claimed  and  was  allowed  a  portion,  as  were  John 
and  Christopher  Everard  sundry  interests.     James 

purcell's  horse.  249 

Butler  and  Anstace  his  wife  also  claimed  interests  in 
the  said  forfeitures  of  Sir  John  and  in  those  of  Pierse 

In  1733,   Sir  Richard  Everard,   of  the  Fethard 

lineage,  died  Governor  of  North  Carolina. In 

1750,  under  a  decree  in  the  cause  of  Dawson  v.  Eve- 
rard, a  considerable  remnant  of  the  Everard  estates 
was  sold  out  of  their  possession. 


The  O'Kennedys  were,  according  to  native  chronicles, 
of  the  Dalcassian  race,  and  possessed  for  centuries  the 
district  known  in  later  years  as  the  Barony  of  Upper 
Ormond,  County  of  Tipperary.  The  Four  Masters 
very  faithfully  record  the  succession  of  the  chiefe  of 
this  Sept  to  the  days  of  Queen  Elizabeth  ;  and  the 
venerable  Annals  of  Tigemach  relate  the  death  of 
Cathal  O'Kennedy,  '  King  of  the  Kinselaghs,'  at  so 
early,  a  period  as  758.  In  1159,  say  the  former 
historians,  Gildas  Kevin  O'Kennedy,  Prince  of  Or- 
mond, died  in  pilgrimage  at  Killaloe  ;  as  did  Donal, 
son  of  Teigue  O'Kennedy,  Lord  of  Ormond,  in  1180. 
In  1252,  Donald  O'Kennedy,  Bishop  of  Killaloe,  was 
interred  in  the  Dominican  friary  of  Nenagh,  which  his 
Sept  had  founded.  In  1599,  died  O'Kennedy  Fion, 
namely,  Anthony,  son  of  Donogh  Oge,  son  of  Hugh, 
son  of  Aulaffe  ;  and  GioUa  Dhu  O'Kennedy  was 
named  The  O'Kennedy.     Sir  Oliver  Lambert,  Blnight 


and  Privy  Councillor,  had  a  large  grant  in  1605  of 
various  estates  of  this  family,  forfeited  by  their  rebel- 
lion in  the  Munster  wars.  Cromwell's  Act  of  1652 
excepted  from  pardon  for  life  and  estate  (inter  alios) 
John  O'Kennedy  of  Dunally,  County  of  Tipperary. 
In  the  counter-action  of  Royal  gratitude,  the  acknow- 
ledgment  of  1662,  for  services  beyond  the  seas, 
includes  the  names  of  Captain  Philip  and  Lieu- 
tenant Daniel  Kennedy  ;  while  in  the  same  year  Sir 
Richard  Kennedy  of  Mount  Kennedy,  Baronet,  was 
appointed  a  Baron  of  the  Irish  Exchequer. 

In  the  List  of  proposed  Sheriffs,  submitted  to  the 
Earl  of  Clarendon  in  1685,  the  name  of  Sir  Robert 
Kennedy  was  given  in  for  Wicklow,  with  the  obser- 
vation, "  If  to  be  judged  by  his  intimates,  extremely 
whiggish."  On  which  suggestion  Lord  Clarendon 
comments,  "  An  honest  gentleman,  descended  from 
loyal  parents,  who  were  in  the  Usurper's  time  sufferers 
for  their  loyalty ;  and  himself  an  active  Justice  of  the 

Peace."* Besides  Lieutenant  John  Kennedy,  this 

Army  List  presents  Kennedy  Mac  Kennedy,  a  Quarter- 
Master  in  Colonel  Francis  Carroll's  Dragoons. 

The  Outlawries  of  1691  include  the  names  of 
Michael  Kennedy  of  Tureen,  County  of  Westmeath, 
John,  Thomas  and  Darby  Kennedy  of  Dublin  ; 
William  Kennedy  of  Mount  Kennedy,  County  of 
Wicklow,  popularly  called  'Lord  William  Kennedy' ; 
Edmund  of  Tintern,  County  of  Wicklow ;  Daniel  of 
Kilbrubrickley,  County  of  Mayo  ;    William  of  Finns- 

*  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  &c.yol.  1,  p.  285. 

purcell's  horse.  251 

town,  County  of  Dublin,  (houses  of  his  in  the  City 
of  Dublin,  including  Kennedy's-lane,  were  purchased 
in  1703  by  John  Asgill  from  the  Trustees  of  the  for- 
feited estates,)  and  Donogh  O'Kennedy  of  the  County 
of  Galway,  on  whose  estate  Morgan  Kennedy  claimed 
a  remainder  in  tail,  but  his  petition  was  dismist. 

In  1747,  at  the  fight  of  Lauffield,  near  Maestricht, 
Captain  Bryan  Kennedy  of  Bulkeley's  Irish  Brigade, 
was  killed;  while  in  Dillon's,  Lieutenant  Charles 
Kennedy  was  killed,  and  Captains  John  and  Joseph 
were  wounded.* 


This  surname  does  not  again  occur  upon  the  List ; 
nor  at  all  upon  the  Outlawries  of  1691  ;  while  those 
of  1642  have  the  names  of  Robert,  Luke,  and  William 
*  Travers'  of  Ballykea,  County  of  Dublin,  and  Patrick 
Travers,  of  the  same  place.  Clerk.  Sir  John  Travers, 
who  seems  to  have  been  of  a  family  located  at  Bally- 
kea aforesaid,  died  in  1561.  In  the  confiscations  of 
1691,  William  Travers  of  the  Ballykea  line  forfeited 
120  acres  in  the  parish  of  Lusk^  County  of  Dublin. 
It  may  be  presumed  that  Cornet  Thomas  '  Traver ' 
was  of  his  family. 

•  Gent.  Mag.,  ad  atm.,  p.  377. 

252  KING  James's  irisii  army  list. 


Neither  does  this  name  again  occur  upon  this  List ; 
but  on  the  Attainders  of  1642  appears  John  Meagh 
of  Loughurke,  County  of  Cork.  On  the  Establish- 
ment of  1687-8  is  an  entry  of  £6  13s.  4d.  rent, 
charged  as  "  payable  to  Patrick  Meagh  for  the  lands 
of  Castlelinny  Park,  whereon  the  fort  near  the  har- 
bour of  Kinsale  doth  stand." In  the  Parliament 

of  1689,  Henry  Meagh  sat  as  one  of  the  Representa- 
tives of  the  Borough  of  Knocktopher.  His  name  is 
on  the  Outlawries  of  1691,  with  that  of  David 
Meagh  of  *  Moyaller,'  County  of  Cork. 

In  St.  Mary's  Church,  Youghal,  is  a  large  altar 
tomb  to  the  memory  of  Peter  '  Miagh,'  who  was 
mayor  of  that  ancient  Borough  in  1630,  and  died  in 
1633.  'The  plinth,'  says  the  Rev.  Mr.  Hayman,  in 
his  interesting  account  of  this  Church,  {History  of 
Youghal)^  'has  a  skeleton  in  a  shroud  rudely  engraven 
on  its  outer  face.  Above  it  rise  Corinthian  columns, 
between  which  are  armorial  bearings.  Two  figures 
of  angels  surmount  these  pillars,  and  on  the  summit  is 
a  third,  clad  in  loose  drapery,  the  right  pointing  up- 
ward and  the  left  bearing  a  cross.  This  mooument 
was  erected  by  his  widow  Phelisia  Nagle.' 

In  relation  to  this  surname,  John  de  Wale  was  in 

purcell's  horse.  253 

1348,  advanced  to  the  see  of  Ardfert,  as  was  Stephen 
de  Wale  to  that  of  Limerick  in  1360  ;  the  latter  was 
promoted  to  Meath  in  1369.  In  1475,  James  Wale 
succeeded  to  the  Bishoprick  of  Kildare,  and  in  1585, 
David  Wale  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the 
Borough  of  Fethard,  Tipperary,  in  Sir  John  Perrot's 
parliament.  In  1618,  Sampson  Theobalds  had  a  grant 
from  the  Crown  of  the  castle,  town  and  lands  of 
Maginstown,  County  of  Tipperary ;  parcel  of  the 
estates  of  Richard  Wale  attainted.*  An  Inquisition 
post  mortem^  taken  at  Carlow,  14th  of  June,  1620, 
supplies  the  links  of  descent  of  'Wales'  of  that  County 
for  three  past  generations  ;f  while  the  monimients 
in  the  Cathedral  of  Kilkenny  commemorate  various 

'Wales'  of  the  vicinity  in  the  seventeenth  century. 

The  Attainders  of  1642  present  the  names  of  James 
Wale  of  Clonmulk,  County  of  Carlow ;  and  those  of 
1696,  include  Philip  Wale  of  Drogheda,  merchant, 
and  Lucas  Wale  of  Crehelp,  County  of  Wicklow. 
The  name  of  Quarter-Master  James  Wale  does  not 
appear  amongst  them,  nor  does  that  of  Matthew 
Wale,  who  was  an  Ensign  in  the  Infantry  Regiment 
commanded  by  Fitz-James,  the  Grand  Prior. 

♦  Rot.  Pat.  15,  Jac.  1  in  Cane.  Hib. 
t  Inqtds.  in  Cane.  Hib. 


AU  the  foregoing  Regiments  of  Horse  were  engaged 
at  Aughrim,  together  with  two  Troops  of  Horse- 
Guards  (the  Duke  of  Berwick's,  and  Lord  Dover's  ;) 
and  also  a  Troop  of  Horse-Grenadiers  commanded  by 
Colonel  Butler,  and  other  Regiments  of  Horse  under 
Lord  Balmallock,  the  Earl  of  Westmeath,  and  Lord 
Merrion,  respectively. 



Regiments  of  Dragoons. 

1.  Lord  Dongan's  (now  Earl  of  Limerick). 

2.  Sir  Neill  O'Neill's. 

3.  Lord  Clare's. 

4.  Colonel  Simon  Luttrell's. 

5.  Colonel  Robert  Cufford's. 

6.  Colonel  Francis  Carroll's. 

[7.  Brigadier  Thomas  Maxwell's]. 





The  Colonel. 
Francis  Carroll, 

Conlj  Geoghegan, 

WUliam  Arohbold. 
Cormock  O'NeilL 
Olirer  Plonkett. 
Daniel  O'Neill. 
Charles  Moore. 
Lord  Kingsland. 
Richard  Bellew. 
John  Mao  Namara. 
Piers  Archbold. 
Patrick  Nngent. 
James  Carroll. 

Thomas  Carenagh. 
James  Carroll. 

Comets.  Qfiarttr'Masters, 

Thomas  Kellj.  Phelim  Fox. 

Cormack  *  Eggan.*   Robert  Qnin. 

Michael  Archbold.  Garrett  Fitcgerald.  Francis  Bowers. 

Arthur  0*NeilL  James  Geoghegan.  Peter  Dobbin. 

Henry  Talbot.  Walter  Fitxgerald.  Richard  Netterrille. 

Patrick  Nugent.  John  Mappas.  Richard  Archbold. 

John  Hurlj.  Nicholas  Darcy.  Simon  Brioe. 

William  Talbot.  James  Bellew.  James  Wolrerston. 

George  Talbot.  Piers  Butler.  William  Nugent 

James  Archbold.  Thomas  Dongan. 

John  Mapas.  Richard  Archbold. 

William  Carroll  John  Begg. 

dongan's  dragoons.  257 


This  surname  appears  to  have  been  of  native  and  Mi- 
lesian origin ;  or,  if  it  came  over  from  England,  it  was 
very  soon  naturalized.  In  1387,  Dermot  O'Dongan 
was  presented,  by  the  Marquess  of  Dublin,  to  a  bene- 
fice within  the  Diocese  of  Limerick;  and  in  1392  the 
King  granted  to  Thomas  'O'Dongyn,'  chaplain,  and  an 
admitted  *  Irishman,'  the  liberty  of  using  the  English 
tongue  and  law  ;  and  the  native  annalists  speak  of 
the  ancient  Sept  of  O'Donnegan,  who  were  extensive 
proprietors  in  the  half  Barony  of  Orrery,  County  of 

In  1395,  John  Dongan,  a  Benedictine  Monk,  who 
had  been  previously  Bishop  of  Derry,  was  translated 
to  the  See  of  Down ;  Henry  the  Fourth  constituted 
him  Seneschal  of  Ulster,  and  in  1405  joined  him  in  a 
Commission  to  eflTectuate  a  peace  between  Sir  Donald 
Mac  Donald,  Lord  of  the  Isles,  and  his  brother  John 
of  the  one  part,  and  on  the  other  the  merchants  of 
Drogheda  and  Dublin,  who  had  twice  led  harassing 

forays  into  Scotland:  this  prelate  died  in  1412.f 

After  the  Dissolution,  William  Dongan  had  a  grant 
of  the  beautiful  Abbey  of  Ennis,  with  a  mill,  an  eel 
and  salmon  weir,  and  houses  and  gardens  '  in  the  vil- 
lage.' In  Queen  Mary's  Charter  of  Restitution  to  St. 
Patrick's  Cathedral  (1555),  John  Dongan  was  named 
the  Prebendary  of  Howth.     Another  John  Dongan, 

♦  Annals  of  the  Four  Masters  (Geraghty's),  p.  176,  n. 
t  Ware's  Bishops,  p.  201. 


258  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

who  had  been  Second  Remembrancer  of  the  Exche- 
quer in  the  time  of  Henry  the  Eighth,  was  a  propri- 
etor in  the  City  of  Dublin,  and  in  the  Counties  of 
Carlow  and  Kildare.  He  died  about  1594,  as  shown 
by  Inquisitions  post  martem  then  taken.  This  was 
the  ancestor  of  the  above  Lord  Dongan,  and  he 
devised  his  estates  to  Walter  Dongan,  his  eldest  son 
and  heir,  with  remainders,  in  failure  of  his  issue,  to 
William,  Edward,  and  Thomas  Dongan,  his  second, 
third,  and  fourth  sons,  in  tail  male  successively ;  and, 
on  failure  of  all  these  lines,  to  Thomas  Dongan,  the 
brother  of  said  testator,  John.*  This  Walter,  styled 
of  Abbotstown,  County  of  Dublin,  brought  four 
archers  on  horseback  to  the  general  Hosting  on  the 
hill  of  Tara  in  1593,  for  the  Barony  of  Navan.  He 
was  created  a  Baronet  by  King  James.  In  1615  he 
made  a  settlement  of  all  his  estates,  and  in  the  follow- 
^  ing  year  passed  patent  for  the  manor  of  Kildrought 
(Castletown),  where  he  and  his  descendants  thence- 
forth resided ;  with  various  lands,  castles,  mills,  weirs, 
and  woods,  also  the  manor  of  Sherlockstown,  and 
other  possessions  in  the  County  of  Kildare  and 
the  County  and  City  of  Dublin.f  He  died  in  1626, 
leaving  John  Dongan,  his  son  and  heir,  then  aged 
twenty-three  and  married.  This  Sir  John  Dongan, 
on  his  father's  death,  took  up  his  residence  at  Castle- 
town, in  the  County  of  Kildare.  He  was  a  member 
of  the  Irish  Parliament  of  1634.  Of  his  family  were 
Thomas  Dongan,  junior,  and  Oliver  Dongan,  attainted 

♦  Inq.  post  mortem,  18  Jac.  I.   f  Patent  Roll  in  Ganc.  Hib. 

doxgan's  dragoons.  259 

in  1642,  and  described  in  their  Outlawries  as  'of 
Castletown  ;'  while  his  son,  Walter,  was  one  of  the 
Confederate  Catholics  assembled  in  four  years  after 
at  Kilkenny.  In  1644,  Thomas  Dongan  was  ap- 
pointed a  Justice  of  the  King's  Bench,  and  subse- 
quently (in  1651,)  promoted  to  be  a  Baron  of  the 

Exchequer.- On  the  Restoration,  William  Dongan, 

who  had  been  a  Knight  and  Baronet,  was  created  a 
Viscount.  He  was  married  on  the  Continent,  which 
necessitated  the  Act  styled  in  the  Commons  Journals, 
"for  the  naturalization  of  Maria  Euphemia  '  Dungan,' 
Walter  'Dungan,'  Esq.  and  Ursula  'Dungan,'  his 
issue  bom  beyond  the  seas  ;"  while  he  was  advanced 
to  the  Earldom  of  Limerick. 

Of  him  the  Earl  of  Clarendon  wrote,  in  August, 
1686,  to  the  Earl  of  Rochester,  "  My  Lord  Limerick 
was  with  me.  I  must  needs  say  he  is  always  very 
civil  to  me,  notwithstanding  his  relations.  He  makes 
wonderful  professions  of  obligations  he  had  to  my 
father,  and  likewise  to  yourself.  He  tells  me  sad  sto- 
ries of  the  ill  condition  of  his  own  fortune,  how  he 
was  forced  to  sell  £400  per  annum  to  pay  the  debts 
which  he  contracted  in  the  King's  service,  and  that 
he  never  had  any  thing  since  the  King's  Restoration ; 
that  the  late  King  promised,  and  his  present  Majesty 
said  he  would  make  that  promise  good,  that  he  should 
have  a  pension  of  £500  per  annum,  till  £5,000  was 
paid.  This  morning  my  Lord  Dongan  was  with  me, 
and  desired  I  would  send  the  enclosed  letter  upon  the 


260  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

same  business/'*  On  the  9th  of  October  following, 
the  same  Viceroy  writes  to  Rochester  again  upon  this 
subject : — "  Pray  give  me  leave  to  put  you  in  mind 
of  a  letter,  I  some  time  since  sent  to  you  from  Lord 
Dongan  ;  I  am  called  upon  every  day  for  an  answer. 
You  cannot  imagine  (he  adds  with  much  naivete) 
how  impatient  people  here  are  who  expect  anything, 
even  those  who  think  themMlves  the  best  bredJ'^  In 
a  previous  letter  of  this  Clarendon  to  Rochester,  in 
April  of  the  same  year,  after  alluding  to  Lord  Don- 
gan as  having  gone  over  to  England,  he  says,  "  His 
going  over  makes  a  great  discourse  here,  as  in  truth 
most  things  do ;  for  some  or  other  will  comment  upon 
all  that  is  done.  Those  officers  of  the  army,  who  are 
lately  come  out  of  England,  say  he  is  gone,  upon  his 
uncle  Lord  Tyrconnell's  direction,  to  kiss  the  King's 
hand  for  a  Troop  of  Horse,  which  they  say  he  is  to 
have  upon  the  changes^  and  truly  that  seems  very 
likely  ;  but  others  will  have  it  that  he  has  become  a 
statesman,  and  is  gone  upon  some  deep  matters  rela- 
ting to  the  Catholic  cause ;  which  suggestion  comes 
from  those  of  that  religion,  and  is  grounded  upon  Dr. 
Moore,  a  physician,  being  gone  with  him,  who  is  a 
man  of  great  account  among  that  party,  and  is  looked 
upon  to  be  so  subtle  and  designing  a  man,  that  he 
would  not  go  over  purely  on  a  compliment  to  that 
young  Lord,  who  Ls  a  very  prattling  and  impertinent 
youth,  and  forward  enough,  and  is  so  looked  upon 

•  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  566. 
t  Idem,  V.  2,  p.  24. 

dongan's  dragoons.  261 

here."*  This  Lord,  the  Colonel  under  consideration, 
was  named  Walter,  and  he  sat  in  King  James's  Par- 
liament as  one  of  the  Representatives  of  Naas,  while 
his  father  was  one  of  the  Peers.  On  the  tenth  day  of 
that  Session  he  was  despatched  by  his  King  to  Gene- 
ral Hamilton  before  Derry,  carrying  the  important 
announcement,  "  I  now  send  back  to  you  this  bearer. 
Lord  Dongan,  to  let  you  know  what  this  day  I  have 
been  informed,  by  one  who  came  from  Chester  on 
Wednesday  last,  that  Kirke  was  to  sail  with  the  first 
fair  wind  from  thence,  with  four  Regiments  of  Foot, 
to  endeavour  to  relieve  Derry.    I  have  ordered  a  copy 

of  the  information  to  be  sent  you I  have  sent 

some  Horse  and  Dragoons  to  reinforce  Sarsfield  at 
Sligo,  and  have  ordered  Purcell's  dragoons  to  Beltur- 
bet.  What  else  I  have  to  say  I  refer  to  this  bearer, 
Lord  Dongan."f 

Lord  Dongan's  career  was,  however,  short ;  he  fell 
at  the  Boyne  ;  and,  as  the  Duke  of  Berwick  writes, 
"  Notwithstanding  the  Foot  was  broken,  the  right 
wing  of  Horse  and  Dragoons  marched,  and  charged 
such  of  the  Enemy's  Horse  and  Foot  as  passed  the 
river ;  but  my  Lord  Dongan  being  slain  at  the  first  by 
a  great  shot,  his  Dragoons  could  not  be  got  to  do  any 
thing,  nor  did  Clare's  do  much  better.  Nevertheless, 
the  Horse  did  their  duty  with  great  bravery,  and, 
though  they  did  not  break  the  Enemy's  Foot,  it  was 
more  by  reason  of  the  ground  not  being  favourable 

•  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  843. 
t  Manuscripts  T.C.D.,  (E  2,  19.) 

262  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

than  for  want  of  vigour  ;  for,  after  they  had  been 
repulsed  by  the  Foot,  they  rallied  again,  and  charged 
the  Enemy's  Horse,  and  beat  them  every  charge."* 
Lord  Dongan's  corpse  was  carried  from  the  field  to 
the  family  mansion  at  Castletown,  and  there  interred 
in  the  parish  church,  whose  unnoted  ruins  are  still 
traceable  near  Celbridge. 

The  Attainders  of  1691  include  Euphemia  'Dun- 
gan,'  alias  Countess  of  Limerick,  and  William,  Earl  of 
Limerick.  His  confiscations  comprised  the  castle, 
manor,  and  lands  of  Castletown-Kildrought,  and 
other  estates  in  the  Counties  of  Dublin,  Carlow, 
Meath,  Kilkenny,  Longford,  Tipperary  and  Queen's 
County,  as  found  by  eleven  distinct  Inquisitions. 
They  comprised  nearly  30,000  acres,  with  several 
houses  in  Dublin,  and  some  impropriate  rectories, 
glebes,  advowsons  of  vicarages  and  tithes  ;  all  which 
lands  were  given  to  De  Ginkle,  Earl  of  Athlone  and 
Baron  of  Aughrim,  a  grant  confirmed  by  Act  of  Par- 
liament  so  early  as  in  1693 ;  while  seven  impropriate 
rectories  with  the  glebes  in  the  County  of  Tipperary 
were,  in  1703,  made  over  to  the  'Trustees  for  the 
augmentation  of  small  livings  and  other  ecclesiastical 
uses ' ;  as  was  that  of  Castletown-Kildrought  in  the 
County  of  Kildare,  in  which  parish  he  had  lived.  The 
claims  put  forward  in  1700,  as  incumbrances  afiecting 
these  estates,  and  some  of  which  were  allowed,  were 
those  of  Euphemia  Countess  of  Limerick  for  her 
jointure,   charged  by   settlements   of  1684  ;    under 

•  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2,  p.  399. 

dongan's  dragoons.  263 

which  conveyance,  Thomas,  described  as  Eari  of  Lim- 
erick, claimed  an  estate  tail  in  the  lands  of  Castle- 
town, &c.,  &c.  Grace  Ryder,  alias  Dongan,  widow, 
also  claimed  a  portion  of  £100  with  interest  as 
charged  on  a  house  in  Patrick-street,  Dublin,  by  the 
will  of  her  father,  John  Dongan,  dated  29th  Novem- 
ber, 1665  ;  while  Owen  Dongan  sought  a  life  estate 
in  lands  at  Grange-Clare  in  said  County  of  Kildare. 
Both  these  latter  claims  were  however  dismist  on 
non-prosecution. William,  Earl  of  Limerick,  fol- 
lowed his  King  to  France,  where  he  died  in  1698  ; 
when  a  "  Colonel  Dongan  took  upon  him  the  title, 
and  was  said  to  have  been  introduced  in  that  rank 
and  quality  to  kiss  his  Majesty's  hands."* 

On  the  fall  of  Lord  Dongan,  the  command  of  this 
Regiment  was  given  to  his  relative  Walter  Nugent, 
son  of  Francis  Nugent  of  Dardistown,  by  the  Lady 
Bridget  Dongan,  sister  to  the  Earl  of  Limerick. 
Colonel  Walter  was  however  himself  slain  at  Aughrim, 
when  the  command  was  given  to  the  Honorable  Rich- 
ard Bellew,  second  son  of  Lord  Bellew,  and  a  Captain 
on  this  List. 


He  became  full  Colonel  of  a  distinct  Regiment  of 
Dragoons,  as  hereafter  shewn. 

♦  Thorpe's   Catal.  p.  226.     Of  this  Colonel  Thomas  and  his 
achievements  abroad,  see  fully  O'Callaghan's  Brigades^  p.  331,  &c. 

264  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 


This  Sept  claims  descent  from  Fiachra,  one  of  the 
sons  of  Nial  of  the  Nine  Hostages,  Monarch  of  Ire- 
land in  the  Fifth  Century.  Their  territory  was 
called  Kinel-Fiacha,  and  is  by  O'Dugan  described  as 
having  extended  over  the  whole  tract  now  known  as 
the  Barony  of  Moycashel,  with  parts  of  those  of 
Moyashell,  Rathconrath  and  FertuUagh  in  Westmeath ; 
within  which  they  erected  and  long  maintained  the 
possession  of  various  castles,  the  chief  being  at  Castle- 
to  wn-Geoghegan  near  Kilbeggan,  whose  wide  site  is 
marked  upon  the  Ordnance  Survey. 

In  1328,  William  Geoghegan,  chief  of  Kinel-Fiacha, 
defeated  Thomas  le  Botiller  with  the  English  army, 
near  Mullingar.  According  to  the  Four  Masters,  the 
latter  sustained  a  loss  of  3,500  men,  including  "  their 
leader  and  some  of  the  D'Altons."  The  victor  died  in 
1332,  and  the  same  annalists  record  with  singular 
exactness  his  successors  in  the  Captaincy  for  centuries 
after.  In  1450  they  relate,  after  detailing  various 
acts  of  what  might  be  called  treasonable  resistance  on 
the  part  of  this  Sept,  that  "the  English  of  Meath  and 
the  Duke  of  York,  with  the  Kin^s  Standard^  marched 
to  Mullingar ;  and  the  son  of  Mac  Geoghegan,  with  a 
great  force  of  cavalry  in  armour,  marched  on  the  same 
day  to  Beal-atha-glass  to  meet  the  English,  who  came 
to  the  resolution  of  making  peace  with  them  ;  and 
they  forgave  him  all  he  had  committed  on  them^  on 
conditions  of  obtaining  peace."*    Campion  preserves  a 

dongan's  dragoons.  265 

letter  attributed  to  this  Duke  of  York,  written  from 
Dublin  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  in  which,  alluding 
to  the  power  and  hostility  of  Mac  Geoghegan,  he  en- 
treats "  to  have  men  of  war  in  defence  and  safeguard 
of  this  land,  or  my  power  cannot  stretch  to  keep  it  in 
the  King's  obeisance,  and  very  nearly  will  compel  me 
to  come  into  England,  to  live  there  upon  my  poor 
*  livelode  ;'  for  I  had  4ever'  be  dead,  than  any  incon- 
venience should  fall  thereto  in  my  default ;  for  it  shall 
never  be  chronicled  nor  remain  in  scripture  by  the 
grace  of  God,  that  Ireland  was  lost  by  my  negligence." 
An  annal  of  1488,  connected  with  this  family,  affords 
perhaps  the  earliest  notice  of  the  use  of  artillery  in 
Ireland.  "The  Earl  of  KUdare,"  say  the  Four 
Masters,  "marched  with  a  predatory  force  into  Kinel- 
Fiacha,  where  he  demolished  the  Castle  of  Belerath 
on  the  sons  of  Murtagh  Mac  Geoghegan,  after  having 
conveyed  some  'ordnance^  thither."  Remains  of  this 
castle  also  are  existing. 

In  1556,  Robert  Cowley,  a  busy  subordinate  of  his 
day,  recommended  that  the  Baron  of  Delvin  and  his 
son  should  be  "  occupied "  against  Mac  Geoghegan, 
O'Mulloy,  &c.;  and  accordingly,  in  the  following 
year,  the  Deputy,  Lord  Leonard  Grey,  undertook  an 
expedition  against  those  Septs,  "  by  the  conduct  and 
guidance  of  the  Lord  of  Delvin,"  and  compelled  them 
to  give  hostages  ;  immediately  after  which,  in  accord- 
ance with  the  heartless  policy  of  the  day,  their  co- 
operation was  engaged  for  the  subjugation  of  the 
O'CarroUs.     Early  in  1540;  a  "  peace  "  had  been  con- 

266  KING  James's  irisu  army  list. 

eluded  between  the  Lord  Deputy  and  Ross  Mac  Geogh- 
egan,tlieaChief  Captain  of  his  nation  and  of  the  country 
of '  Kinaleigh  ;'  by  which  the  latter  bound  himself  to 
serve  the  Crown  with  four  horsemen  and  twenty- 
four  footmen  for  a  day  and  night,  on  notice,  at  any 
time,  and  as  often  as  the  King's  Deputy  should  please ; 
and  also  to  serve  in  every  great  hosting  or  journey 
(especially  against  Brian  O'Connor),  with  four  horse- 
men and  twelve  footmen  during  said  journey,  and  at  his 
own  proper  costs  and  charges."  In  the  June,  how- 
ever, of  that  year,  information  was  forwarded  to  the 
Privy  Council  of  England,  "that  O'NeiU  and  O'Don- 
nell,  with  all  the  powers  of  the  north  part  of  Ireland, 
O'Connor,  O'Mulloy,  Mac  Geoghegan,  all  the  Kellys, 
with  the  most  part  of  the  powers  of  Connaught, 
O'Brien  with  all  his  company,  are  all  combined,  and 
have  appointed  to  meet  at  the  King's  manor  of  Fore, 
the  6th  of  July  next  coming  ;  they  also  bringing 
:  with  them  five  weeks'  victuals.  It  is  supposed  and 
thought  that  of  truth  their  meaning  is  for  no  purpose 
but  only  to  allure  the  Lord  Justice  and  Council  with 
the  best  of  the  English  Pale  to  the  said  place,  by  the 
Irishmen  appointed,  thinking  by  their  great  power  to 
take  their  advantage  of  the  King's  subjects,  and  so  to 
overrun  all  the  English  Pale  at  their  own  pleasure." 
On  the  appearance,  however,  of  Sir  William  Brereton, 
with  the  forces  of  the  Government,  the  Irish  Confede- 
rates  scattered  ;  "whereupon,"  writes  the  Irish  Council 
to  Henry  VIII.,  "  we  concluded  to  do  some  exploit^  and 
so  entered  into  O'Connor's  country,  and  there  en- 

dongan'8  dragoons.  267 

camped  in  sundry  places,  destroying  his  habitations, 
'coins J  and  fortHaces^  so  long  as  our  victuals  endured, 
which  hath  partly  abated  ftis  '  surguedy '  and  pride, 
alhevt  he  remaineth  on  his  cankered  malice  and  ran- 
cour, and  so  do  all  his  confederates,  continuing  their 
traitorous  conferences,  expecting  their  time  to  execute 
their  purpose."  At  length,  Mac  Geoghegan,  O'Mulloy, 
&c.,  submitted  themselves,  "whose  submission,''  say 
the  amiable  Council  to  their  generoiis  monarch,  "  we 
accepted  for  this  season,  both  for  the  causes  aforesaid, 
and  also  to  the  intent  we  might  have  opportunity  of 
the  other  confederates  of  Irishmen,  with  separation  of 
their  confederacy,  that  they  should  not  remain  upon 
war  and  peace  jointly,  as  they  pretended  to  do ; 
but  to  be  upon  your  Grace's  peace,  with  their  services, 
and  shall  make  certain  fines." 

In  1567,  was  published  a  map,  in  which  Kinel- 
Fiacha  is  described  as  Mac  Geoghegan's  country, 
and  as  containing  in  length  twelve,  and  in  breadth 
seven  miles.  "  It  lieth,"  says  the  abstract,  "  midway 
between  the  fort  of  Faley  (Philipstown)  and  Athlone, 
five  miles  from  either  of  them  and  also  firom  Mullin- 
gar,  which  lieth  northward  of  it ;  southward  is  O'Mul- 
loy's  country.  On  the  south-east  lieth  Offaley,  on 
the  east  it  joineth  Tyrrel's  country,  and  O'Melaghlin's 
on  the  west  side,  between  it  and  Athlone,  where  a 
comer  of  it  joineth  with  the  Dillon  country."  So 
were  the  dynasties  hereabout  then  demarcated.  In 
the  Parliament  of  1585,  convened  by  Perrot,  and 
for  the   first  time    admitting    Irish  chiefs    to  the 


councils  of  their  country's  legislation,  this  Sept  was 
represented  by  Conla,  son  of  Connor,  son  of  Luigne 
Mac  Geoghegan.  In  the  following  year,  when  con- 
fiscations were  instituted  as  a  resource  for  support- 
ing  the  necessities  of  Government,  Inquisitions  were 
taken  as  to  the  possessions  of  this  family,  the  death 
of  whose  tanist,  the  aforesaid  Conla,  in  the  same 
year,  is  commemorated  by  the  Four  Masters,  as  that 
"  there  was  not,  since  the  times  of  old,  a  man  of  the 
race  of  Fiacha  who  was  more  lamented  than  he."  At 
the  close  of  this  century,  the  '  crud^  poet,  Edmund 
Spenser,  in  his  "  View  of  the  State  of  Ireland,"  ear- 
nestly recommended  that,  "  for  the  safeguard  of  the 
country,  and  keeping  under  all  sudden  upstarts  that 
shall  seek  to  trouble  the  peace,  garrisons  should  be 
established  at  sundry  places  outside  the  Pale,  and 
particularly  one  "  at  the  foot  of  OflFaley,  to  curb  the 
O'Connors,  O'Mulloys,  MacCoghlans,  MacGeoghegans, 
and  all  those  Irish  natives  bordering  thereabouts." 

In  the  year  1600,  the  memorable  Irish  hero,  Hugh 
O'Neill,  in  his  progress  southward,  under  pretext  of  a 
pilgrimage  to  Holycross,  but  really  to  organize  for  the 
reception  of  the  expected  Spanish  invasion  of  Mun- 
ster,  after  passing  through  the  barony  of  Delvin, 
"  marched  thence  to  the  gates  of  Athlone,  and  along 
the  southern  side  of  Clan-Colman,  and  Kinel-Fiacha 
(MacGeoghegan's)  and  into  Fearcall  (O'Mulloy's,) 
where  he  encamped  for  nine  nights,"  confirming 
friendships  with  the  surrounding  chiefs.  When,  soon 
after,  the  war  of  Munster  broke  out.  Captain  Richard 

dongan's  dragoons.  269 

Mac  Geoghegan,  "a  chief  of  Westmeath/'  was,  for  his 
distinguished  valour,  entrusted  by  O'Sullivan  with  the 
custody  and  care  of  the  castle  of  Dunboy,  which  he 
gallantly  defended  until  mortally  wounded.  He  was 
carried  down  into  the  vaults  in  a  dying  state,  where, 
learning  that  it  was  the  intention  of  the  garrison  un- 
der their  necessity  to  surrender,  he  made  a  feeble 
effort  to  stagger  over  to  a  barrel  of  gunpowder  there 
deposited,  with  a  resolution,  by  setting  fire  to  it,  to 
blow  up  the  English  then  in  the  castle,  even  with  a 
sacrifice  of  his  own  friends  ;  but  the  former,  rushing 
down  at  the  crisis,  arrested  his  arm  and  stabbed  him 
to  death," 

In  the  confiscations  consequent  upon  the  insurrec- 
tion of  1641,  Rosse,  Laurence,  and  Dermott  Mac 
Geoghegan  were  forfeiting  proprietors  within  the 
County  of  Kildare,  as  was  Thomas  in  the  County  of 
Meath  ;  while,  in  the  old  territory  of  Kinaleigh, 
Arthur  Mac  Geoghegan  lost  all  that  then  remained  of 
his  ancestors'  immemorial  inheritance  there — little 
more,  at  that  time,  than  1,500  acres,  (including 
Castletown-Mac  Geoghegan).  His  wife,  one  of  the  no- 
ble Sept  of  Mac  Coghlan,  having  given  protection  to 
some  of  Cromwell's  soldiers,  received  from  the  usurp- 
ing powers  a  transplantation  grant  in  the  County  of 
Galway,  of  Bennowen,  part  of  the  OTlaherty's  terri- 
tory ;  and  through  her  second  son,  Edward,  a  junior 
branch  of  the  Mac  G^oghegans  has  been  continued 
to  the  present  day  in  Connaught ;  though  in  its  two 
last  generations  this  line  has  adopted  the  surname  of 


O'Neill,  as  sounding  more  of  Milesian  royalty.  Nine 
hundred  acres  of  Arthur's  forfeiture  in  Kinaleigh 
having  been  claimed  by  Edward  Mac  Geoghegan,  as 
a  remainder  under  settlements,  were  allowed  to 
him,  and  a  portion  of  the  residue  was  granted  to 
Sir  William  Petty  (ancestor  of  the  Marquis  of  Lans- 
downe),  the  great  compiler  of  the  Down  Survey.  This 
Edward  obtained  further  savings  of  his  rights  in  other 
lands  within  the  County  of  We^tmeath,  on  decrees 
of  innocence,  but  died  without  issue.  In  the  Assem- 
bly of  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilkenny  in  1647, 
sat,  amongst  the  Spiritual  Peers,  Doctor  Anthony 
Mac  Geoghegan  ;  while  of  the  Commons  were  Conly 
and  Charles  Mac  Geoghegan  of  Donore,  Edward  Mac 
Geoghegan  of  Tyroterin,  and  Richard  Mac  Geogh- 
egan of  Moycashell,  all  within  the  old  inheritance  of 
Kinel-Fiacha.  The  first  named,  Conly  Mac  Geogh- 
egan, was  one  of  the  seven  sons  of  Hugh  Buy  Mac 
Geoghegan,  by  Ellen,  daughter  of  Walter  Tyrrell  of 
Clonmoyle,  County  of  Westmeath,  and  is  especially 
included  in  the  declaration  of  Eoyal  gratitude  of  the 
Act  of  Settlement,  which  further  restored  him  to  his 
principal  seat  of  Donore,  and  2,000  acres  of  land.  The 
adjacent  Borough  of  Eilbeggan  was,  in  King  James's 
Parliament  of  1689,  represented  by  Bryan  Geoghegan 
of  Donore,  and  Charles  Geoghegan  of  Syonan. 

On  this  Army  List,  besides  the  above  Major  Conly 
and  Comet  James  of  the  present  Regiment,  Charles 
and  Conn  Geoghegan  were  Captains  in  Colonel  Simon 
Luttrell's  Dragoons ;  another  Charles  was  a  Lieutenant 

dongan's  dragoons.  271 

in  that  of  Colonel  Francis  Carroll ;  Anthony  Geoghegan 
was  a  Captain  in  Colonel  John  Hamilton's  Infantry, 
and  Garret  Geoghegan  was  appointed  Major  of  Colo- 
nel Edward  Butler's,  after  the  forming  of  this  List. 
When  Lord  Dongan  was  killed,  and  the  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Francis  Carroll  had  obtained  a  separate 
Regiment  of  Dragoons,  it  would  seem  that  Major 
Conly  Geoghegan  succeeded  to  the  Colonelcy  of  this, 
hence  then  styled  'Geoghegan's  Regiment,'  "and  from 
which,"  says  O'Conor,  "  many  soldiers  were  after- 
wards brought  over  to  William's  party,  "by  the  influ- 
ence of  oflScers,  who  sought  favour  from  the  govern- 
ment by  corrupting  their  soldiers."*  Previous  to  this 
dereliction,  however,  when,  in  May,  1691,  Captain 
Underhill,  at  the  head  of  a  Williamite  party,  engaged 

an  Irish  detachment,  and  killed  their  Captain, 

Geoghegan,  he  was  "the  next  day  set  upon  by  another 
party  of  the  Irish,  commanded  by  Colonel  Geoghegan, 
and  was  obliged  to  make  his  retreat."f 

The  Inquisitions  of  1691  contain  the  Outlawries  of 
Peter  Mac  Thomas  Geoghegan,  and  William  and  Mori- 
ertagh  Mac  Peter  (Jeoghegan  of  Newtown,  County  of 
Westmeath  ;  Hugh  Ban  Geoghegan  of  Carrymare, 
Do.  ;  Hugo  Mac  Eedagh  Geoghegan  of  Loughar- 
laghnought,  Edward  his  son,  Hugh  Fitz-Conly  Buy 
Geoghegan  of  Laragh ;  Bryan  Geoghegan  of  Donore ; 
Charles,  Con,  James  and  Anthony  Geoghegan  of 
Syonan,  all  in  Westmeath  ;  Bryan  Geoghegan  of 
Ballyduflfe,   and   Eugene    of  Ballyhecnock,    in    the 

*  O'Conor's  Military  Memoirs,  p.  190. 
f  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  2,  p.  79. 

272  KLVG  James's  irish  army  list. 

King's  County,  with  James  Geoghegan  of  Granard, 
County  of  Longford.  Of  these,  Bryan  of  Donore, 
styled  Colonel  Bryan,  was  adjudged  within  the  Arti- 
cles of  Limerick  ;  while  in  1700  the  warrant  issued 
for  a  pardon  to  Edward  Geoghegan  of  Castletown  for 
the  reasons,  as  stated  in  his  petition,  "that  he  had  never 
borne  any  employment  civil  or  military  under  the 
late  King  James  ;  but,  after  the  battle  of  the  Boyne, 
put  himself  under  King  William's  protection  at  his 
own  house,  until  he  was  fallen  upon  by  a  party  of 
Captain  Pointz's  soldiers,  by  whom  he  was  shot 
through  the  body,  stripped  of  all  his  substance,  and 
both  himself  and  his  family  most  inhumanly  and  bar- 
barously used  :  by  which  means  he  was  forced 
into  the  enemy's  quarters  for  security  of  his  life,  and 
that  on  this  account  only  was  he  outlawed.  That  on 
the  capitulation  of  Limerick  he  came  to  Dublin,  and 
was  put  in  possession  of  his  estate  according  to  the 
Articles  ;  and  that  he  had  always  showed  great  kind- 
ness to  his  Protestant  neighbours."  He  therefore 
prayed  a  reversal  of  his  Outlawry  and  a  pardon ;  and 
the  Privy  Council,  on  the  Attorney-General's  Report, 
having  certified  in  his  favour,  and  the  executors  of 
Colonel  Wolsely,  deceased,  (who  in  his  lifetime  had  op- 
posed said  Edward's  prayer,)  offering  no  opposition, 

his  full  pardon  was  ordered  to  be  made  out.* 

The  claims  preferred  against  the  Geoghegan  confisca- 
tions in  1700  were, — Matthew  Geoghegan  for  a  charge 
affecting  Westmeath  lands  of  said  Edward  Geoghegan 

♦  Harris's  MSS.  Dub.  Soc.  v.  10,  p.  304. 

dongan's  dragoons.  273 

in    the   Barony  of  Rathconrath,   allowed. Mary 

Geoghegan  for  her  jointure  off  same,  also  allowed. 
Edward,  Thomas  and  James  Greoghegan,  the  sons  of 
said  Edward,  claimed  estates  tail  therein  respectively 

under  marriage  articles  of  1684,  disallowed. While 

Anne,  the  widow  of  Conly  Geoghegan,  sought  a  small 
jointure  and  arrears  as  charges  on  the  King's  County 
estate  of  Charles  Geoghegan  ;  and  Mary,  his  widow, 
sought  her  jointure  to  the  like  amount :  both  which 
claims  were  allowed. 

In  1728,  Arthur  Geoghegan  married  Susanna, 
daughter  of  William  Stafford  of  Blatherwick,  and 
widow  of  Henry  O'Brien  of  the  Inchiquin  line, 
whereupon  said  Arthur  assumed  the  name  of  Staf- 
ford, and  has  transmitted  it  to  his  descendants. 

In  1745,  Sir  Thomas  Geoghegan  of  Toulouse, 
an  Officer  in  Lally's  Regiment,  was  taken  prisoner 
at  Carlisle,  but,  pleading  that  he  was  a  French 
subject,  he  was  released.*  In  two  years  after,  he  was 
killed  at  the  battle  of  Lauffield,  near  Maestricht;f 
while  Alexander  Geoghegan,  having  been  taken  at  the 
memorable  battle  of  Culloden,  executed  with  many 
others  an  article  herein  elsewhere  more  fiilly  alluded 
to,  engaging  themselves  on  parole  not  to  pass  out  of 
Inverness  without  the  licence  of  the  Duke  of  Cum- 
berland.  Subsequently,    the   Abbe    Jaques    Mac 

Geoghegan,  residing  in  France,  published  in  1758 
a  very  interesting  History  of  Ireland  in  the  French 

♦  Gent.  Mag.,  vol.  16,  p.  24.  f  Wem,  vol.  18,  p.  377 




This  name,  of  Danish  origin,  is  traceable  in  Ireland 
from  the  eariiest  period  of  existing  records  ;  more 
especially  in  the  annals  of  Wicklow.  Henry  the 
Fourth,  in  the  first  year  of  his  reign,  constituted 
William  Archbold  Constable  of  the  important  Castle 
of  Mackinnegan  within  that  territory,  with  a  salary 
of  100  marks  in  times  of  peace,  and  of  £80  during 
war  ;  for  the  due  performance  of  which  trust,  four  of 
his  sept  and  vicinage  became  sureties  to  the  Crown.* 
Another  William  Archbold  had  been  a  few  years 
previously  appointed  a  Baron  of  the  Irish  Exchequer, 
while,  in  ecclesiastical  rank,  Richard  Archbold  was  in 
1491  elected  Prior  of  the  noble  mitred  House  of 

In  1610,  the  King's  letter  issued  for  receiving  a 
surrender  from  Patrick  Archbold  of  Kendlestown, 
County  of  Wicklow,  with  the  state  policy  of  re-grant- 
ing his  estates  to  him  on  payment  of  a  fine,  and  on 
holding  same  thenceforth  by  Knight's  service.f  A 
very  long  letter  of  the  31st  March,  1628,  from  King 
Charles  the  First  to  Viscount  Falkland,  then  Lord 
Lieutenant  of  Ireland,  directs  a  Commission  of  In- 
quiry to  be  held  respecting  all  the  manors,  castles, 
estates,  &c.  of  which  the  aforesaid  Patrick  Archbold 
died  seised  in  Wicklow  and  Dublin  Counties  ;  with 
authority  and  instructions  for  conveying  them  to  the 

♦  Rot.  Pat.  1  Hen.  IV.  t  Patent  Roll  in  Cane.  Hib. 

dongan's  dragoons.  275 

Earl  of  Heath  in  fee,  together  with  Letters  Patent  for 
markets,  fairs,  tarirpits,  a  Court  Baron  and  Court 
Leet,  in  Great  and  Little  Bree.  This  letter  was 
afterwards  recalled  for  a  substituted  grant  of  said  pre- 
mises  to  (Jeorge  Kirke,  Esq.,  Groom  of  the  Bedcham- 
ber ;  with  specific  directions  that  ihe  Earl  should  not 
make  use  of  the  preceding  Letter. 

The  Attainders  of  1642  exhibit  Inquisitions  on 
Christopher  and  William  Archbold  of  Timolin,  Kich- 
ard  of  Flemingstown,  and  James  of  Crookstown,  all  in 
the  County  of  Kildare. William,  Roland,  and  Ed- 
mund Archbold  of  Cloghran-Swords,  County  of  Dub- 
lin ;  Robert,  James,  and  Henry  Archbold  of  Tuck- 
myne.  County  of  Wicklow  ;  Christopher  of  Skidow, 
and  Nicholas  of  Carrowkeel,  County  of  Dublin;  Theo- 
bald of  Rathbran,  Edward  of  Stagonell,  Thomas  of 
Wicklow,  George  of  Glancormuck,  Edward  and  Owen 
Archbold  of  Kilmurry,  Gerald  of  Brea  and  James  of 
Ballykea,  all  in  the  County  of  Wicklow. 

On  this  Army  List,  besides  the  six  officers  of  the 
present  Regiment,  Christopher  Archbold  was  an  En- 
sign in  the  King's  Own  Foot,  and  Bernard  Archbold  a 
Lieutenant  in  Sir  Michael  Creagh's.  An  Ensign 
Archbold  was,  at  the  commencement  of  the  campaign, 
taken  prisoner  at  Deny. 

In  the  Parliament  of  1689,  William  Archbold,  the 
Captain  in  this  Regiment,  was  one  of  the  Represen- 
tatives of  the  Borough  of  Athy.  During  the  siege  of 
Limerick,  in  August,  1691,  the  fine  Castle  of  Carrig- 
ogunnel  near  that  City,  "  whose  garrison    was   one 

T  2 

276  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

hundred  and  thirty  men  with  two  Captains,  com* 
manded  by  one  Archbold,  surrendered  upon  mercy, 
and  the  Prisoners  were  immediately  put  into  the 
provost's  custody." The  Attainders  of  1691  in- 
clude Nicholas,  John,  and  Francis  Archbold  of 
Ballymalee,  County  of  Westmeath  ;  Simon  of  Dublin, 
Pierce  of  Carysfort,  County  of  Wicklow  ;  the  above 
Captain,  by  the  description  of  Captain  William  of 
Athy,  County  of  Kildare  ;  James  of  Brumgagt, 
County  of  Carlow  ;  William  of  Kilkenny,  merchant  ^ 
with  Walter,  Pierce,  Thomas,  and  Richard  Archbold 
of  Cullen,  County  of  Kildare.  The  latter,  styled 
Captain  Richard,  seems  identical  with  either  of  tl^ 
Kichards  in  this  Regiment,  and  was  held  to  be  within 
the  Articles  of  Limerick.  At  the  Court  of  Claims, 
Robert  Archbold  sought  an  estate  tail  in  the  County 
Kildare  lands,  forfeited  by  Captain  William  his  father, 
to  whom  they  had  been  on  a  former  occasion  assured 
by  a  Decree  of  Innocence. — A  James  Archbold  sou^t 
and  was  allowed  a  chattel  leasehold  in  Kilmacndd, 
County  of  Dublin,  the  private  estate  (i.  e.  of  the 
Duke  of  York);  while  a  John  Archbold  claimed, 
under  a  deed  of  1671,  an  estate  for  lives  in  lands  in 
the  Counties  of  Dublin  and  Kildare,  forfeited  by  the 
Earl  of  Tyrconnel,  but  his  petition  was  disallowed. 

dongan's  dragoons.  277 


The  family  of  Bamewall  has  been  heretofore  noticed 
under  Lord  Trimleston,  who  was  a  Captain  in  Lord 
Gahnoy's  Regiment  of  Horse. 

John  Bamewall,  ancestor  of  this  nobleman  in  the 
direct  line,  was  Sheriff  of  Meath  in  1433.  After  the 
rout  of  the  Boyne  this  Lord  went  to  Limerick,  where 
he  continued  until  its  surrender.  Pending  the  Treaty, 
he  was  one  of  the  hostages  for  the  performance 
thereof  on  the  part  of  the  Irish  army.*  Being  com- 
prised within  the  Articles,  he  obtained  a  reversal  of 
his  Outlawry,  but  was  not  suffered  to  take  his  seat  in 
the  House  of  Peers ;  and,  on  his  refusing  to  subscribe 
the  required  Declaration,  he  was  ordered  to  withdraw ; 
he  and  his  brother  thereupon  followed  the  fortunes  of 
the  banished  James.  The  former  had  a  Commission 
under  the  Duke  of  Berwick,  and  fell  in  action  against 
the  Germans  in  1692 ;  whereupon  his  brother, 
returning  from  Flanders  to  Ireland,  recovered  the 
family  estates  and  was  summoned  to  Parliament,  but 
he  too  declined  the  honor  with  the  oaths.  He  was  at- 
tainted by  three  Inquisitions,  one  taken  in  the 
County  of  Dublin,  another  in  the  City,  and  a  third  in 
the  County  of  Meath.  His  son  Joseph  was  also  at- 

♦  D' Alton's  History  of  the  Co.  Dublin,  p.  310. 



The  name  of  Bellew  will  be  fully  treated  of  at  Lord 
Belle w's  Infantry  Regiment.  Of  this  officer  it  may 
he  here  said  that  he  was  the  second  son  of  that  Lord, 
and  early  distinguished  himself  in  supporting  Edng 
James's  cause.  When  Walter  Nugent,  who  succeeded 
Lord  Dougan  in  the  command  of  this  Regiment,  fell 
at  Aughrim,  as  before  related,  Richard  Bellew, 
although  then  only  twenty  years  of  age,  was  appointed 
to  succeed  him  ;  and,  on  the  termination  of  the  war, 
he  brought  his  forces  with  him  to  France,  where  they 
ranked  as  the  ^King  of  England*s  Dismounted  Dra- 
goons.' There  however  he  took  umbrage,  as  Brigadier 
Thomas  Maxwell  was  placed  over  his  head,  which  he 
thought  an  unmerited  slight.  Returning  to  Ireland  in 
1694,  on  the  decease  of  his  elder  brother  Walter,  the 
second  Lord  Bellew,  he  became  the  third  Baron ;  and, 
marrying  a  daughter  of  Lord  Brudenell  with  a  large 
fortune,  conformed  to  the  Established  Church  in  1 705, 
sat  in  the  House  of  Peers  in  1707,  and  died  in  1714, 
leaving  John,  the  fourth  Lord  Bellew,  his  successor  ; 
at  whose  death  at  Lisle,  in  1770,  this  title  became 


The  Sept  of  O'CarroU  was  early  established  in  Louth, 
*  O'Callaghairs  Brigades,  v.  1,  p.  156. 

dongan's  dragoons.  279 

being  there  popularly  styled  Princes  of  Orgiel.  Pre- 
vious to  the  English  invasion,  immediately  after  the 
great  Synod  of  Mellefont  in  1152,  the  Four  Masters 
record  the  expulsion  of  their  Chief  from  that  country, 
of  which  he  had  been  the  acknowledged  Lord,  from 
Drogheda  to  Asigh  in  the  County  of  Meath.  These 
annalists  however  notice  O'Carrols  as  Chiefs  of  Orgiel 
down  to  the  year  1193  ;  and  it  is  especially  recorded 
that  when,  in  1166,  on  the  eve  of  Strongbow's  in- 
vasion of  Ireland,  Roderic  O'Conor,  then  King  of  this 
country,  seeking  to  ascertain  the  feelings  of  allegiance 
towards  himself,  encamped  with  an  army  hereabout, 
Donogh  O'Carroll  with  the  other  chiefs  of  Louth  came 
into  his  tent,  delivered  hostages  for  their  fealty,  and 
received  in  return,  as  related  in  the  '  Annals  of  Inis- 
fallen,'  a  present  of  two  hundred  and  forty  beeves. 
O'Carrolls  were,  at  that  time  and  previously,  also 
settled  in  a  territory  of  Tipperary,  from  them  called 
Ely-O'CarroU  ;  the  Masters  record  the  death  of  Am- 
ergin  O'CarroD,  Lord  of  Ely,  in  1033.  This  inhe- 
ritance comprised  the  present  Barony  of  Lower  Or- 
mond,  with  that  of  Clonlisk  and  part  of  Ballybritt  in 
the  King's  County,  and  to  the  Slieve  Bloom  Moun- 
tains in  the  Queen's.  Their  chief  castle  was  at  Birr. 
The  name  was  also  one  of  power  and  possession  in 
the  Counties  of  Cavan  and  Leitrim. 

In  1168  died O'Carroll,  Bishop  of  Ross,  in 

the  County  of  Cork.  In  1171,  Morrough  O'CarroU, 
Lord  of  Orgiel,  joined  Roderick  O'Conor,  the  last 
native  King  of  Ireland,  in  the  ineffective  siege  of 

280  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

Dublin,  then  occupied  by  Dennott  Mac  Murrough 
and  the  English  invaders.  In  1178,  he  made  a  gal- 
lant and  successful  attack  upon  De  Courcy ;  and  dying 
in  1189,  was  interred  in  the  noble  Abbey  which  he 
had  founded  for  Cistercians  at  Mellefont.  In  1184, 
Maolisa  O'Carroll  was  Primate  of  Armagh,  and  in 
1327,  John  O'CarroU  succeeded  to  the  Archbishopric 
of  Cashel ;  as  did  Thomas  O'Carroll  to  that  of  Tuam 
in  1349.  In  1532,  the  Four  Masters  commemorate 
the  death  of  Maolruana  O'Carrol,  the  distinguished 
Chief  of  Munster,  '  the  golden  pillar  of  the  Elyans.' 
His  son,  Ferganainim  0*Carrol,  being  the  tanist  of 
Ely,  surrendered  its  possessions  to  Edward  the  Sixth, 
who  restored  it  to  him  on  English  tenure,  with  the 
addition  of  the  dignity  of  Baron  of  Ely  for  his  life. 
Perrot's  Parliament  of  1585  was  attended,  amongst 
other  Irish  Chiefs,  by  'O'Carroll  of  Ely,' whom  the  same 
Annalists  describe  as  "Calvach,  son  of  William 
Odher,  son  of  Ferganainim,  son  of  Maolruana,  son  of 
John."  In  1605,  Sir  Henry  Broncar,  Knight,  Presi- 
dent of  Munster,  had  a  grant  of  (inter  alia)  a  castle 
and  lands  in  the  County  of  Tipperary,  parcel  of  the 
estate  of  Teigue  O'Carroll  attainted. 

A  funeral  entry  of  1630,  in  the  Office  of  Arms, 
Dublin,  records  the  death,  on  15th  August  in  this 
year,  of  William  O'CaiToll  ofCouloge,  King's  County, 
(son  and  heir  of  Donough  ni  Kelly  O'CarroU,  son  and 
heir  of  Ony,  son  and  heir  of  Donogh  Ballagh  O'Carroll 
of  same  place,)  where  said  William  died  and  was 
interred.     He  had  married  Honora,  daughter  of  John 

dongan's  dragoons.  281 

Meagher  of  Clame,  County  of  Tipperary ;  by  whom  he 
had  six  sons,  1,  Donogh,  who  married  Katherine, 
daughter  of  Walter  Bourke  of  Borrisoleigh,  County  of 
Tipperary  ;  2,  Keadagh,  who  married  Amy,  daughter 
of  Roger  OTlaherty  of  Lomelonny,  King's  County  ; 

3,  John,  who  married  Joanna,  daughter  of  William 
O'Carroll     of    Moderenny,   County    of   Tipperary ; 

4,  Teigue,  married  to  Grany,  daughter  of  Ony  O'Car- 
roll  of  Ely-O'CarroU  ;  5,  Charles,  as  yet  unmarried  ; 
and  6,  Ony,  also  unmarried.  About  the  time  of  the 
above  entry,  a  Donogh  O'Carroll,  according  to  an  an- 
cient manuscript  forwarded  in  aid  of  this  work,  mar- 
ried the  daughter  of  O'Kennedy  by  Margaret 

O'Bryan  Arra,  which  Margaret  was  the  daughter  of 
O'CarroU  Ely.  By  her  he  is  said  to  have  had  thirty 
sons,  all  of  whom  he  presented,  in  one  troop  of  Horse, 
and  accoutred  in  habiliments  of  war,  to  the  Earl  of 
Ormonde,  with  proffers  of  all  his  and  their  assistance 
in  the  Royal  cause.  Most  of  these  sons,  it  is  added, 
died  in  foreign  lands,  having  followed  the  wanderings 
of  the  Stuarts.  One,  Daniel,  remaining  in  Ireland, 
was  fether  of  John,  who  at  the  tender  age  of  five 
years  was  transplanted  into  Connaught  by  Cromwell. 
He  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  O'Connor,  Sligo, 
(by  Margaret,  daughter  of  Lord  Athenry,)  and  from 
that  union  sprang  Sir  Daniel  O'CarroU,  who,  some 
short  time  previous  to  this  campaign,  was  created  by 
the  Eong  of  Spain  a  Knight  of  the  military  order  of 
St.  Jago,  'for  singular  services  done  for  that  Monarch 
in  time  of  war.'      He  left  Spain  however  in  disgust. 

282  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

and,  entering  into  Queen  Anne's  army,  was  made 
Colonel  of  a  Regiment  of  Horse,  and  knighted.  He 
married  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas 
Jervis  of  the  '  County  of  Southampton,'  by  his  first 
wife,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Gilbert  Clark  of  Chy- 
liothe  in  Derbyshire. 

To  return  to  the  line  and  locality  of  Ely.  Amongst 
the  active  measures  concerted  by  James  the  First  for 
reducing  Ireland,  a  Commission  was  appointed  "  for 
ascertaining  the  bounds  and  limits  of  O'CarroU's 
Country,  commonly  called  Ely  O'CarroU."  In  the 
grants  that  ensued  on  its  plantation,  the  chief  portion, 
including  Birr  and  its  appanages,  was  assigned  to 
Laurence,  brother  of  Sir  William  Parsons,  the  Sur- 
veyor-General ;  and,  on  the  breaking  out  of  the  war  of 
1641,  William  Parsons  was  made  Governor  of  Ely- 

O'CarroU. Of  this  Sept  and  district  of  O'Carroll 

was  the  above  Captain  James  Carroll,  whose  commis- 
sion to  the  Captaincy  bears  date  on  the  30th  of  July, 
1689,  thereby  suggesting  that  the  present  Army  List 
was  drawn  up  subsequent  thereto  ;  for  previously 
James  Carroll  was  but  a  Cornet  in  this  Kegiment,  as 
of  the  troop  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Francis  Carroll,  by 
Commission  of  the  10th  November,  1688,  from  Tyr- 
connel.  That  of  1689  was  signed  by  the  King  at  the 
Castle  of  Dublin,  and  countersigned  by  Lord  Melfort ; 
but,  in  the  confusion  of  the  time,  not  entered  in  the 
Office  of  the  Muster-Master-General  until  the  22nd  of 
November  following.      Accoixlingly,  on  this  List  that 

dongan's  dragoons.  283 

especial  Cometcy  is  stated  as  filled  by  Cormack 

Besides  this  Captain  James  Carroll,  another  James, 
and  William  Carroll,  Lieutenants  in  this  Segiment, 
there  appear  on  the  Army  List,  in  Lord  Galmoy's  In- 
fantry, John  Carroll  a  Captain,  William  Carroll 
a  Lieutenant,  and  Daniel  and  Laurence  Carroll, 
Ensigns.  In  the  Earl  of  Westmeath's  Foot, 
Patrick  Carroll  an  Ensign,  as  was  Nicholas  Carroll 

in   Sir   Michael    Creagh's. In    Colonel   Heward 

Oxburgh's,  Anthony  Carroll  a  Captain,  a  second 
Anthony  his  Lieutenant,  and  a  James  Carroll  an  En- 
sign.  In  Lord  Galmoy's  Horse,  Charles  Carroll 

was  appointed  (after  the  date  of  this  List)  second 
Lieutenant-Colonel ;  while  Francis  Carroll,  a  Lieute- 
nant-Colonel here,  had  afterwards  the  command  of  a 
Regiment  of  Dragoons,  and  to  him,  in  conformity 
with  the  proposed  arrangement  of  these  Illustrations, 
that  of  the  O'Carrolls  should  in  strictness  be  referred  ; 
but  the  aid  of  Manuscripts  which  Mr.  Davis  Carroll 
Dempster  volunteered  for  this  work,  with  a  very  an- 
cient pedigree  which  establishes  his  maternal  descent 
from  this  Captain  James,  who  was  himself  descended 
from  the  O'Carroll  of  Ely,  well  justifies  anticipating 

the  O'Carroll  notices  here. One  of  the  Carrolls 

named  Anthony,  who  are  mentioned  above  as  in 
Colonel  Oxburgh's  Infantry,  appears  to  have  been  the 
active  popular  leader,  '  Long  Anthony  Carroll,'  who, 
according  to  Story,  {Impartial  History^  Part  II.  p. 
69)  contrived  an  ambuscade,   by  which,   in   April, 

284  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

1691,  a  Captain  Palliser,  Lieutenant  Armstrong,  and 
a  party  of  sixty  firelocks,  were  taken  prisoners  near 
Birr.  "  Lieutenant  Armstrong  paid  money  to  be 
released  ;  Captain  Palliser  made  his  escape  in  the 
beginning  of  June  from  Limerick,  but  the  poor  men 
were  kept  prisoners  till  the  surrender  of  that  City."* 

On  the  29th  October,  1691,  the  Officer  at  present 
under  consideration,  being  then  *  Major'  James 
Carroll,  had  a  pass  from  King  William's  Commander- 
in-Chief,  as  one  "entitled  to  the  benefit  of  the 
Capitulation,  and  desirous  of  returning  home  to  his 
habitation  in  the  County  of  Tipperary ; "  and  all 
Officers,  civil  and  military,  were  thereby  directed  "  to 
permit  the  said  James,  ydth  his  family  and  ser- 
vants, horses,  swords,  pistols,  and  goods  whatsoever, 
to  pass  f5peely  from  the  City  of  'Lymerick '  to  his  habi- 
tation aforesaid,  to  look  after  his  concerns,  and  into 
all  such  parts  of  the  Kingdom  where  his  lawful  occa- 
sions will  require,  without  giving  him  any  trouble  or 

Of  the  early  brigaded  French  Regiment  styled 
'  the  King's  Regiment  of  Dismounted  Dragoons,' 
Turenne  O'Carroll  was  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  was 
killed  at  the  battle  of  Marsiglia  in  1693  ;f  while  at 
the  battle  of  the  Bridge  of  the  Retorto,  in  1705, 
Colonel  O'Carroll  of  Galmoy's  Brigade  signally  distin- 
guished himself In  1743,  Comet  O'Carroll  was 

wounded  at  Dettingen,  as  was  Lieutenant  Carroll  of 

*  Story's  Impart.  Hist,  part  2,  p.  69. 

I  O'Conors  Militiiry  Memoirs,  pp.  198,  221. 

doxgan's  dragoons.  285 

Berwick's  Regiment  at  Ypres  in  1745  ;  and  in  two 
years  after,  Major  Carroll,  also  of  Berwick's  (possibly 
the  same  who  was  wounded  in  1745)  supported  the 
credit  of  his  name  in  the  engagement  at  Lauffield 
village  near  Maestricht,  as  did  not  less  in  his  station 
Lieutenant  Carroll  of  Dillon's  Brigade. 

A  commission  from  King  Louis,  dated  at  Ver- 
sailles, 5th  September,  1756,  appointing  Matthias 
Carroll  to  an  Ensigncy  in  Berwick's  Brigade,  vacant 
by  the  promotion  of  William  Cruise  to  a  Lieutenancy, 
is  amongst  the  family  papers  of  Mr.  D.  Carroll 
Dempster,  and  suggests  that  he  was  of  Mr.  Demp- 
ster's kindred.  This  family  also  claim  affinity  with 
Charles  Carroll  of  Carrolton,  who  signed  the  memo- 
rable Declaration  of  American  Independence,  and  who, 
as  far  as  present  materials  suggest,  was  the  uncle  of 
John,  the  grandfather  of  Mr.  Carroll  Dempster. 


According  to  the  evidence  of  the  ancient  annals,  the 
Books  of  Leacan  and  Ballymote,  &c.  the  O'Hurley, 
O'Hierlehy,  or  Hurly  was  a  Dalcassian  Sept  derived 
from  the  same  stock  as  that  of  the  O'Briens  of 
Thomond ;  each  springing  ftx)m  a  lineal  descendant 
of  Cormac  Cas,  son  of  Oiliol  OUum,  who  was  King  of 
Munster  in  the  third  century.  Their  territory  ex- 
tended on  the  borders  of  Tipperary  adjoining  the 
Limerick  district  of  the  O'Briens,  and  was  latterly 

286  KLVG  James's  irish  army  list. 

known  by  the  name  of  Knocklong  in  the  Barony  of 
Coshlea,  County  of  Limerick.  Within  it  was  a 
Castle,  for  centuries  the  residence  of  the  Chief.  Its 
ruins  still  remain,  and  from  it  branched  off  others  of 
this  Sept  in  the  Counties  of  Cork  and  Kerry. 

It  is  true  that  the  surname  Hurle  or  Hurley,  with 
the  Norman  prefix  of  *  de,'  is  found  at  an  early  period 
in  English  local  records,  even  from  the  time  of 
Edward  the  First,  but  a  paramount  authority  of  the 
Irish  Annalists  shows  the  long  previous  existence  of 
the  Milesian  O'Hurly. 

In  reference  to  an  era  more  within  the  scope  of 
these  illustrations,  Thomas  Urley,  alias  Ourhilly, 
Bachelor  of  Canon  Law,  afterwards  Bishop  of  Emly, 
being  a  recognised  native  Irishman,  sued  out  in  1502 
a  licence  entitling  him  to  use  the  English  tongue  and 
law.*  In  a  venerable  pedigree,  of  forty-one  unbroken 
generations,  preserved  by  the  present  representative 
of  the  family  of  Knocklong,  occurs  the  name  of  Der- 
mod,  son  of  Teigue  O'Hurly,  described  as  the  Chief 
'  living  at  the  Oakwoods,'  about  the  middle  of  the  six- 
teenth  century.  His  daughter  Juliana,  according  to 
Lodge,f  was  married  to  Edmund  Oge  de  Courcy,  by 
whom  she  was  mother  of  John  the  eighteenth  Baron 
of  Kinsale ;  whose  only  daughter  EUen  de  Courcy 
became  the  wife  of  Randal  Hurley  of  Ballinacarrig  ; 
while  his  son,  Randal  Hurley  the  younger,  married 
the  widow  of  Gerald  the  nineteenth  Lord  of  Kinsale.l 

♦  Rot.  Pat.   in  Cane.  Hib. 

t  Peerage,  vol.  6,  p.  151.  X  Idem,  p.  154. 

doxgan's  dragoons.  287 

The  ensuing  annals  of  this  family  afford  strong  evi- 
dence of  the  loose  spirit  in  which,  after  the  secession 
from  Rome,  the  dignities  of  the  Established  Church  were 
filled  in  Ireland.  In  1543,  King  Henry  presented 
Donogh  Ryan,  chaplain,  to  the  Deanery  of  the  Cathe- 
dral of  Emly,  "vacant,  inasmuch  as  William  Mc  Bryen 
and  William  O'Hurly,  the  present  incumbents,  hold 
the  same  by  the  authority  of  the  Bishop  of  Rome."  In 
1609,  King  James  presented  Edmund  Hurly,  '  not- 
withstanding his  minority  and  defect  of  clerical 
orders,'  to  the  Chancellorship  of  that  Cathedral,  with 
a  corps  of  vicarages  united  ;  and  in  the  same  year  his 
Majesty  presented  Randal  Hurley,  under  similar  dis- 
qualifications, to  the  Chantorship  thereof.* 

In  1563,  Thomas  O'Herlihey,  being  Bishop  of  Ross, 
(it  would  seem  on  the  Pope's  appointment)  assisted  at 
the  Council  of  Trent.  He  died  in  1579,  and  was  in- 
terred in  the  Abbey  of  Kilcrea.  In  1583,  Dermott 
O'Hurley,  Archbishop  of  Cashel,  suffered  martyrdom 
in  Dublin ;  and  was  buried  in  St.  Kevin's  Church, 
where  his  tomb  became  celebrated,  says  De  Burgo,f 
for  miracles. 

In  the  ConcUiation  Parliament,  convened  two 
years  afterwards  by  Sir  John  Perrot,  Thomas  Hur- 
ley of  Knocklong  represented  the  Borough  of  Kilmal- 
lock.  He  was  father  of  Maurice  of  Knocklong,  who, 
in  1601,  "for  his  dutiful  affection  and  good  dispo- 
sition towards  her  Majesty's  service  in  Munster,  and 

*  Patent  Bolls,  Jac.  I. 

t  Hibemia  DominicaDa,  p.  601. 

288  KING  James's  irisu  army  list. 

considering  that  for  the  good  of  the  country  and 
daily  annoyance  of  the  rebels  he  hath  been  at  such 
great  charge  of  '  wardening'  the  Castle  of  '  Knock- 
longy'  during  the  rebellion  in  Munster,"  obtained  a 
patent  for  a  weekly  market  and  fair  twice  a  year  at 
that  locality.  It  was  also  ordered  in  the  patent  that 
certain  lands  of  said  Maurice,  which  he  alleged  were 
of  ancient  freedom,  should,  if  proved  on  inquiry  to  be 
so,  be  thenceforth  exempted  from  cesses  and  exac- 
tions  ;  and  Knocklong  was  proved  to  be,  with  other 
lands,  within  the  privilege.  In  1632,  this  Maurice 
erected  in  the  Cathedral  of  Emly  a  fine  marble 
monument  to  the  memory  of  his  two  wives,  whom  he 
had  survived.  His  will,  dated  in  1634,  is  registered 
in  the  Prerogative  Court.  By  his  first  wife,  Grania 
Hogan,  he  left  two  sons.  Sir  Thomas,  his  successor, 
and  John  Hurly.  The  former  married  Johanna, 
daughter  of  John  Browne  of  Camus,  by  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Dermot  O'Ryan  of  SoUoghode,  County  of 
Tipperary  ;  by  whom  he  had  Sir  Maurice,  mentioned 
hereafter,  and  another  John,  with  four  daughters : 
1st,  Catherine,  married  to  Pierce,  Lord  Dunboyne ; 
2nd,  Anne,  to  Daniel  O'Ryan  of  SoUoghode;  3rd, 
Grace,  to  Walter  Bourke ;  and  4th,  Eleanor,  to  David 
Barry  of  Kahinisky,  father  of  Edmund  Barry,  Queen 
Anne's  foster-father.  In  1638,  James  O'Hurly  was 
constituted  Bishop  of  Emly. 

The  Outlawries  in  1642  present  the  names  of  Ran- 
dle  Hurley  and  Randle  Hurley  Oge  of  Ballynacarrig, 
William  Hurly  of  Ballenlearde  and  Lisgulby,  County 

dongan's  dragoons.  289 

of  Cork  ;  Donough  McDaniel  Hurley  of  Bunnamun- 
ney,  Ellen  Hurley  of  Gellagh-Iteragh,  Donnell  Oge 
Hurly  of  Kilbrittain,  James  Hurly  of  Ballenbride, 
Thomas  O'Hurlehy,  Donogh  O'Hurlehy  of  Monita- 
ginta  and  John  O'Hurlehy  of  Ballybemy,  all  in  the 
County  of  Cork. 

Sir  Maurice  Hurly,  the  grandson  of  Maurice  the 
testator  of  1634,  was  one  of  the  Confederate  Catho- 
lics at  the  Council  of  Kilkenny  in  1647.  He  for- 
feited largely  by  his  adherence  to  Charles  the  First, 
and  his  estates  in  the  Counties  of  Limerick  and 
Tipperary  were  seized  for  Cromwell's  adventurers ; 
while  he  was  himself  transplanted  into  Connaught, 
where  he  died  in  1683,  leaving  Sir  William,  his 
eldest  son,  hereafter  alluded  to.  In  his  will  of  that 
year.  Sir  Maurice,  with  '  a  sweet  remembrance  of  his 
ancient  inheritance,'  directs,  in  regard  to  "  the  lands 
that  I  have  been  dispossessed  of,  and  to  which  I  have 
a  just  title,  and  now  is  defending  in  law,  after  the 
recovery  thereof,  I  leave  and  bequeath  the  same  unto 
my  sons  William  and  John  Hurly,  to  be  equally 
divided  between  them  for  ever ;  together  with  the 
^maine'  profits  thereof:"  and  in  a  codicil  he  further 
leaves  to  his  said  son  John,  "  if  my  ancient  estate 
(i.  e.  Knocklong)  be  recovered,  £200  per  annum  for 
himself  and  his  heirs  for  ever."  This  eldest  son,  how- 
ever, who  inherited  the  Baronetcy,  could  not  recover 
the  ancient  estate ;  it  is  not,  therefore,  to  be  won- 
dered  that  he  attended  King  James's  Parliament  of 
Dublin  in  1689,  as  a  Representative  of  the  Borough 


of  Kilmallock;  and  early  in  August  of  the  last  year  of 
the  campaign,  when  "the  English  army  marched  from 
Carrick  to  Golden-bridge,  three  miles  from  Cashel, 
Mr.  John  Grady  of  Corbray  in  the  County  of  Clare, 
arriving  there  with  some  intelligence  of  the  posture 
and  strength  of  the  Irish  forces,  stated  that  Lord 
Brittas  and  Sir  William  Hurly  were  devastating  the 
country."*  Again,  in  the  subsequent  engagement  at 
Thomond  Gate,  where  600  of  the  Irish  perished, 
besides  150  who  were  forc.ed  over  the  bridge,  Colo- 
nels  Skelton,  Hurly ^  sixteen  other  officers,  and  above 
one  hundred  privates  were  taken  prisoners.f  Dean 
Story,  in  his  '  Impartial  History ^^  says  that  Colonel 
Hurly  was  wounded  in  desperate  conflict,  of  which 
wounds  he  probably  died,  as,  when  on  his  attainder 
his  transplanted  Galway  estate  became  forfeited,  it 
appears  that  the  claim  of  his  infant  heir.  Sir  John 
Hurly,  was  put  forward  at  Chichester  House  in 
1700,  as  that  of  a  minor,  by  Bryan  O'Bryan,  his 
guardian  (who  had  married  his  widowed  mother) ; 
an  estate  tail  was  claimed  for  him,  and  a  jointure  off 
the  Galway  property  for  her;  but  both  petitions  were 
dismist,  and  the  estate  was  sold  discharged  thereof  to 
Thomas  O'Connor,  Sir  Thomas  Montgomery,  and  the 
Hollow  Swords  Blades'  Company.  The  ill-fated  young 
Baronet,  smarting  under  the  confiscations  which  had 
left  him  landless,  attempted  to  raise  men  for  the  ser- 
vice of  the  Pretender,  but  was  arrested  in  Dublin 
about  the  year  1714 ;  he,  however,  effected  his  escape. 

♦  Fitzgerald's  Limerick,  vol.  2,  p.  332.         f  Idem,  p.  370. 

dongan's  dragoons.  291 

-Others  of  this   name  attainted  in    1691  were 

Patrick  Hurley  of  Dublin,  Arthur  of  Grillagh, 
County  of  Cork,  and  John  of  Lissene,  County  of 

The  Hurly  Manuscript  Pedigree  Book,  the  in- 
teresting document  before  referred  to,  suggests  that  Sir 
Maurice,  the  transplantedHurly  that  died  in  1683,  had 
a  younger  brother  John,  who  was  father  of  a  Jdin  the 
younger  (that  may  be  identical  with  the  Lieutenant 
John  at  present  under  consideration),  and  of  three 
daughters ;  1,  Grace,  married  to  Captain  Purdon  of  the 
County  of  Clare  ;  2,  Anne,  to  John  Bourke  of  Cahir- 
moyle ;  and  3,  Ellen,  to  John  Lacey  the  father  by  her 

of  John  and  Pierce  Lacey ; all  these  males  having 

been  companions  in  arms  in  this  short  but  desperate 
campaign.  Another  John  Hurly  was  Lieutenant  in 
Lord  Clare's  Dragoons,  but  he  had  passed  with  them 
to  France  ;  yet  a  third  John  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the 
Infantry  Regiment  of  Colonel  Charles  O'Bryan,  while 
a  John  '  Hurlin'  ranks  as  Comet  in  the  Earl  of  Aber- 
corn's  Horse. 

The  aforesaid  Genealogical  Manuscript  also  relates 
that  a  Dennis  Hurly  (descending  from  the  brother  of 
Sir  Thomas  of  Khocklong,  Baronet),  married  Anne, 
daughter  of  Robert  Blenerhassett  of  Ballyseedy,  Esq., 
by  Avice  Conway,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Edward 
Conway  of  Castle  Conway  ;  and  that  he  had  issue  by 
said  Anne  five  sons,  Thomas,  Charles,  John,  William, 
and  Dennis.  The  three  last  died  without  issue. 
Thomas,  the  eldest,  married  Alice,  daughter  of  his 

u  2 

21)2  KING  James's  irisii  army  list. 

uncle,  Thomas  Blenerlmssett  and  Jane  Darby,  and  he 
had  by  her  three  daughters.  Charles,  the  second  son, 
married  Alice,  sole  daughter  and  heiress  of  Edmund 
Fitzgerald  of  Morrineregan  and  Mary  Ferriter,  by 
whom  he  had  a  daughter  and  two  sons,  Thomas  and 
John.  Thomas  married  Letitia,  daughter  of  Arthur 
Browne  of  Ventry  and  Alice  Hurly  ;  and  had  issue 
one  son,  Charles  the  younger.  John,  the  second  son 
of  the  above-named  Charles,  married  Mary,  daughter 
of  Edmund  Conway  and  Christian  Kice,  by  whom  he 
left  issue  two  sons,  Robert  Conway  Hurly,  the  eldest, 
and  John,  and  five  daughters.  John,  the  second 
son  of  John  by  Mary  Conway,  married  Anna-Maria- 
Theresa,  only  daughter  of  Colonel  Hugh  Hill  of 
Mount-hill,  County  of  Armagh,  by  Elizabeth  Kirwan, 
daughter  of  the  distinguished  scholar,  Richard  Kir- 
wan of  Creg  Castle,  County  of  Galway ;  and  he  has 
issue  three  sons ;  Robert  Conway  married,  and  has 
issue  ;  Hugh-Richard  Kirwan,  died  s.P.  and  John 
unmarried  ;  with  four  daughtx?rs. 

LIEUTENANT  JOHN  MAPAS  [alias  Malpas]. 

Whex  Edward  Bruce,  in  the  assertion  of  a  claim  to 
the  Crown  of  Ireland,  fought  in  1317  the  battle  of 
Faughart,  near  Dundalk,  John  Malpas  a  native  of 
Drogheda,  accomplished  the  most  signal  achievement 
of  that  day  ;  he  and  Edward  Bruce,  writes  Pembridge, 
"  fought  hand  to  hand ;  the  valiant  Scot  fell  before  his 

dongan's  dragoons.  293 

opponent ;  who,  himself  pierced  with  mortal  wounds, 
sunk  a  victor  in  death  on  the  corse  of  his  prostrate 
enemy."  In  1326,  Henry  Mapase,  his  descendant,  is 
recorded  as  a  landed  proprietor  in  Louth.  John 
'  Malpas '  was  Mayor  of  Waterford  in  1363. 

Of  those  attainted  in  1642,  were  Christopher  Mapas 
of  Dublin,  Merchant ;  Nicholas  Mapas  of  the  same, 
and  Garret  and  Edward  '  Mape '  of  Maperath,  County 
of  Meath ;  the  outlawed  of  1691  were  the  above  John 
Mapas  and  Christopher  Mapas,  both  described  as  of 
Kochestown,  County  of  Dublin; — an  estate  which  does 
not  appear  to  have  been  divested,  or  it  has  otherwise 
been  restored  to  the  old  family  ;  for  in  1789,  on  the 
marriage  of  Catherine,  the  heiress  of  John  '  Malpas,' 
as  he  is  called,  with  Lord  Talbot  de  Malahide,  the 
uncle  of  the  present  Peer,  this  property  passed  to  his 


This  surname  appears  on  Irish  records  from  the  com- 
mencement of  the  fourteenth  century.  In  1359,  John 
*  Beg '  was  one  of  the  influential  proprietors  of  the 
County  of  Dublin,  who  were  selected  to  applot  that 
district  for  a  state  assessment;  and  a  family  of  the 
name  appears  subsequently  settled  at  Saggard  in  said 
County.  In  1500,  the  Corporation  of  Galway  voted 
the  freedom  of  their  town  to  Richard  Begg,  on  condi- 


tion  of  his  keeping  an  inn  for  victualling  and  lodging 
strangers.*  In  the  Outlawries  of  1G42  appears  the 
name  of  Matthew  Begg  of  Boranstown,    County   of 

Dublin. On  tliis  Army  List,  another  John  Begg 

ranks  an  Ensign  in  Sir  Michael  Creagh's  Infiintiy ; 
and  the  Attainders  of  1691  comprise  John  Begg, 
dcscribetl  of  Kilkellan,  County  of  Meath  ;  James 
'Beggs'  of  Cartown  in  the  same  County,  Barnabas 
Begg  of  Galway,  Merchant ;    and  Thomas  Begg  of 

same. At  the  Court  of  Claims  in  1703,  Joseph 

Dowdall,  and  Ishma  Begg  his  mother,  (widow  of  Matt 
Dowdall  his  father,  who  had  married  to  her  second 
husband  Ignatius  Begg),  claimed  an  estate  tail  for 
him,  an  estate  for  life  to  Ishma,  and  a  reversion  to 
the  heirs  of  Ignatius  in  County  of  Westmeath  lands, 
forfeited  by  said  Matt  Dowdall.  Pending  the 
proceedings  at  Chichester  House,  she  became  an  idiot 
and  a  fresh  claim  was  made  for  her  as  Ishmay  Begg, 
alias  Dowdall,  by  her  son  Ignatius  Begg  the  younger, 
for  small  incumbrances  charged  on  the  confiscations  of 
Sir  Anthony  MuUedy  in  the  County  of  Meath. 


Neither  of  these  surnames  occurs  again  on  this  Army 
List,  nor  at  all  on  the  Attainders  of  1642  or  1691. 

Ilardimair.s  Galway,  p.  199. 

dongan's  dragoons.  295 


The  Wolverstons  were  long  located  in  Wicklow.  At 
the  time  that  tract  was  erected  into  a  County,  James 
Wolverston  claimed  Ballinecor  and  Ballycreery  in 
Cooleranill  as  his  right  and  inheritance,  by  a  convey- 
ance from  a  native  Sept.*  He  was  also  possessed  of 
^StaJorgan,'  County  of  Dublin,  under  a  lease  from 
Richard  Plunket  of  Rathmore.  Of  those  outlawed  in 
1642,  were  James  Wolverston,  described  as  of  Rath- 
bran  and  Frainstown,  County  of  Wicklow  ;  Paul 
Wolverston  of  the  same  locality,  with  Christopher 
Wolverston  of  Newcastle  in  said  County. 

At  the  Assembly  of  Confederates  in  Kilkenny  in 
1647,  Francis  Wolverston,  styled  of  Newtown,  was  of 

the  Commons. On  the  present  Army  List,  besides 

this  James,  Richard  Wolverston  was  an  Ensign  in 
Lord  Galway's  Regiment  of  Infantry.  Neither  of 
these  surnames  appears  in  the  Attainders  of  1691,  but 
only  that  of  a  William  ^Wolferston'  of  Knockedritt, 
County  of  Wicklow.  He,  it  appears,  held  these  lands 
under  Sir  Robert  Kennedy,  whose  heir.  Sir  Richard 
Kennedy,  claimed  and  was  allowed  the  reversion. 
William  forfeited  also  certain  interests  in  King's 
County  lands,  the  former  estate  of  Robert  Wolvers- 

*  Inquis.  1605,  in  Cane.  Hib. 

29G  KING  James's  irisii  army  list. 


The  name  of  Netterville  is  tr.iceal»le  on  Rolls  in  the 
Irish  Chanceiy  of  such  high  antiquity,  that  the  gene- 
ral contents  have  ceased  to  be  legible.  In  1224, 
Luke  Netterville,  Archbishop  of  Armagh,  founded  the 
Dominican  Friary  in  Drogheda ;  in  three  years  after 
which  he  died,  and  was  buried  at  the  noble  religious 
house  of  Mellefont.  In  1335,  John  Netterville  was 
summoned  to  attend  John  D'Arcy  the  Justiciary  on 
an  expedition  against  Scotland.  Some  years  after 
which,  Luke  Netterville's  seisin  of  Dowth,  (long  sub- 
sequently the  residence  of  this  ennobled  family)  is  re- 
cognised on  record,*  while  the  right  of  presentation 
to  its  Rectory  was,  on  suit  institut<2d,  adjudged  to  the 
English  Priory  of  Lanthony.  In  1559,  Luke  Netter- 
ville of  Dowth,  theivtofore  Chief  Justice  of  the  Com- 
mon Pleas,  was  promoted  to  be  Chief  of  the  King's 
Bench.  In  Sir  John  Perrot's  Parliament  of  1585, 
Richard  Nettenille  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of 
the  County  of  Dublin. 

Immediately  after  the  breaking  out  of  the  Insurrec- 
tion of  1641,  Lonls  Netterville,  Gormanston,  Fingal, 
and  Trimleston  addressed  a  letter  to  the  Marquess 
of  Clanricarde,  whereby  they  souglit  earnestly  to  vin- 
dicate 'the  scope  and  purpose  of  their  taking  up 
arms  ;'  and,  while  the  letter  is  dated  23rd  February, 
1641,  from  the  camp  near  Drogheda,  it  contains  a 

♦  D' Alton  s  Hist.  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  432. 

dongan's  dragoons.  297 

candid  and  explicit  avowal  that  they  had  made  com- 
mon cause  with  O'Neill ;  "  and  we  now  give  your 
Lordship  to  understand,  that  by  God's  assistance  the 
work  is,  by  the  help  of  our  neighbours  of  Ulster,  and 
by  our  own  endeavours,  in  a  fair  way;  we  having, 
already  in  the  field  about  Dublin  and  Drogheda  about 
12,000  able  men,  and  more  expected  daily,  for  the 
most  part  well  armed  ;  and  besides  we  can  assure 
ourselves  of  the  good  will  and  endeavours  of  the  rest 
of  our  Catholic  countrymen."*  Nicholas  Netterville, 
Lord  Viscount  Dowth,  was  consequently  attainted  in 
1642,';  as  were  Luke  Netterville  of  Corballis,  and 
Thomas  Netterville  of  Black  Castle,  both  in  the 
County  of  Dublin.  At  the  Kilkenny  Assembly  of 
1646,  Viscount  Netterville  was  one  of  the  Temporal 
Peers  ;  while,  amongst  the  Commons,  were  Patrick 
Netterville  of  Belfast,  and  Richard  Netterville.  This 
Viscount  was  'excepted  from  pardon  for  life  and 
estate'  in  Cromwell's  Act  of  1652,  as  was  also  Sir 
John  Netterville,  Knight.  The  Act  of  Settlement, 
however,  of  1662,  restored  (after  certain  reprisals) 
Lord  Netterville  and  Luke  Netterville  of  Corballis. 
The  Act  of  Explanation,  17  and  18  Car.  2,  c.  2,  sec. 
97,  reciting  that  whereas  Nicholas  Lord  Netterville 
had  been  adjudged  by  the  Commissioners  'nocent,' 
but  his  younger  brothers  and  sisters  had  by  decrees  of 
said  Commissioners  recovered  remainders,  expectant 
upon  his  death  without  issue  male,  and  also  their  por- 
tions   chargeable  thereon  ;    it  was  thereby  ordered 

*  D*Alton*8  Hist.  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  243. 



that,  two-thirds  of  his  estates  being  reserved  to  the 
adventurers  applotted  thereon,  the  remaining  third 
should  be  given  back  to  the  Viscount,  and  that  he 
should  himself  be  restored  in  blood  to  all  intents  and 
,  purposes. 

It  is  remarkable  that  of  this  historic  name  no  other 
member  is  noted  in  this  Army  List.  Walker,  however, 
in  his  'Siege  of  Derry,'  (p.  60)  makes  mention  of  a 
Lieutenant  'Netervil'  as  having  been  taken  prisoner 

on  that  occasion. The  Viscount's  name  appears  on 

the  Pension  List  of  1687-8,  for  £100  per  annum. 
He  sat  in  the  Parliament  of  1689,  and  was  attainted 
in  1691,  with  James  and  Terence  Netterville  of 
Dowth,  Sir  John  Netterville,  and  William  and 
Nicholas  Netterville  of  Cruise-rath,  County  of  Meath. 
The  Inquisition  held  at  Trim  on  the  13th  January, 
1699,  on  Viscount  NetterviU,  finds  that  he,  "with 
divers  other  armed  traitors,  and  with  banners  dis- 
played, levied  war  against  the  King  and  Queen  ;  that 
he  did  service  at  the  siege  of  Deny,  in  July,  1689, 
where  he  was  taken  in  battle;  and  that  he  afterwards 
died."  At  the  Court  of  Claims  in  1703,  a  Nicholas 
Netterville  was  a  suitor  for  the  benefit  of  a  mortgage, 
affecting  lands  forfeited  by  John  Cheevers  within  the 
Half  Barony  of  Killian,  County  of  Galway. 

KING  James's  ibish  army  list. 



The  Colonel. 




Henry  O'NeiU. 


Nicholas  Eostace.     Chrutopher  Eustace.  Daniel  Egan. 

William  BnUer.         Richard  Reddy.         John  Manning.         Constant  Kelly. 
Jeffiy  Fay.  Christopher  Pien.    Thomas  Darcy. 

Mnrtogh  McGninnis. 
Ever  McGninnis. 

Charles  Fitzgerald.  Laurence  DeUhunty. 
Roland  Savage.         John  Savage.  Henry  Savage. 

Charles  Mo  Carty.  Nicholas  Williams. 


It  would  detract  from  the  glories  of  this  great 
Milesian  name  to  attempt  any  summary  of  its  annals 
and  achievements  here.  They  alike  abound  on  the 
native  chronicles  and  on  those  of  later  histories  and 

In  1394,  on  the  occasion  of  King  Richard's  first 
visit  to  Ireland,  O'Neill,  Dynast  of  Ulster,  and  his 
subordinate  Chieftains,  O'Hanlon,  Mac  Mahon,  and 
others,   did  homage  and  fealty  to  that  Monarch  at 


Drogheda.*  In  1520,  when  the  Earl  of  Surrey  came 
over  as  Lord  Lieutenant  to  Ireland,  Con  (sunyimed 
Bocagh)  O'Neill,  who  had  by  popular  election  suc- 
ceeded his  brother  in  the  Principality  of  Ulster,  in- 
vaded Mcath  with  a  large  but  undisciplined  force : 
Surrey  hastened  to  encounter  him,  but  O'Neill,  awed 
by  his  character  and  the  well-known  discipline  of  his 
forces,  retired  before  him,  and  sent  letters  to  solicit 
pardon  and  peace.  In  the  October  following.  Royal 
policy  directed  that  O'Neill  and  certain  other  Irish 
potentates  should  be  knighted,  and  the  King  sent  a 
collar  of  gold  to  the  former,  ordering  Surrey  to 
prevaO  upon  him  to  visit  the  Court,  where  Henry 
hoped  to  introduce  him  to  English  habits.f  A  simi- 
lar policy  prompted  James  the  First  to  take  under  his 
especial  care  Con  O'Neill,  the  son  of  the  newly  cre- 
ated Earl  of  Tyrone ;  and  Royal  disbursements  appear 
on  the  Pell  Rolls  of  that  time,  as  for  "£51  for  so 
much  money  expended  for  the  apparel,  bedding,  and 
other  necessaries,  provided  for  the  education  and 
bringing  up  of  Con  O'Neill  ;"  another  "for  £20  5s. 
for  his  expenses  one  quarter,  at  Eton  College,"  &c4 

The  Attainders  of  1642  include  James  'O'Neale'  of 
Feltrim,  and  Thomas  Neale  of  Athy  ;  while,  in  the 
Assembly  of  Confederate  Catholics,  four  years  after- 
wards, sat  Henry  O'Neill  of  Kilboy,  Phelim  O'Neill  of 

Morly,  and  Turlough  O'Neill  of  Ardgonnell. The 

Declaration   of  Royal   gratitude  in   1662,   as   "for 

♦  Daltons  Drogheda,  vol.  1,  p.  122. 

t  Idem,  vol.  2,  p.  182.  J  Idem,  p.  210. 


services  beyond  the  seas,"  notices  Con  O'Neill  of  Ard- 
gonnell,  County  of  Armagh ;  and  Captain  John 
O'Neill  of  Carrick,  County  of  Tipperary.  In  1687, 
Sir  Bryan  O'Neill  was  appointed  a  Justice  of  the 
King's  Bench  ;  at  which  time  Sir  Neill  O'Neill  raised 
thb  Regiment  at  his  own  expence.*  Besides  him  and 
Lieutenant  Henry  in  his  Regiment,  there  are  on  this 
Army  List  four  other  O'Neills,  Colonels  of  Infantry  ; 
viz.  Cormuck  O'Neill,  Gordon  O'Neill,  Felix  O'Neill, 
and  Henry  O'Neill.  The  name  further  appears  com- 
missioned in  other  Regiments ;  as, — in  Sarsfield's 
Horse,  Daniel  O'Neill  was  a  Captain  ; — in  Lord  Don- 
gan's  Dragoons,  Cormuck  and  Daniel  O'Neill  were 
Captains,  and  Arthur  a  Lieutenant ; — in  the  Earl  of 
Antrim's  Infantry,  Hugh  O'Neill  was  a  Captain,  John, 
Bryan,  and  a  second  John,  Lieutenants,  and  Francis 
and  Turlough  O'Neill  were  Ensigns. — In  Lord 
Bellew's,  Henry  and  Hugh  O'Neill  were  Captains  ; — 
in  Colonel  Cormuck  O'Neill's,  Felix,  James,  Bryan, 
and  Con  O'Neill  were  Captains,  Thomas  and  Henry, 
Lieutenants,  and  Art  O'Neill  an  Ensign. 

"  I  am  sending  down,"  wrote  King  James  to  Gene- 
ral Richard  Hamilton  before  Deny,  on  the  10th  of 
May,  1689,  the  day  after  the  meeting  of  his  Parlia- 
ment of  Dublin,  "  Sir  Neill  O'Neill's  Dragoons  into 
the  Counties  of  Down  and  Antrim I  think  it  ab- 
solutely necessary  you  should  not  let  any  more  men 
come  out  of  Deny,  but  for  intelligence  or  some 
extraordinary  occasion ;  for  they  may  want  provisions, 

♦  O'Conor  s  Milit.  Mem.  p   195. 

302  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

and  would  be  glad  to  rid  themselves  of  useless 
mouths."*  Accordingly,  early  in  the  campaign  this 
Regiment  signalized  itself  in  Down  and  Antrim,  and 
afterwards  at  the  siege  of  Derry,  where  a  Lieutenant 

Con  O'Neill  was  killed. In  the   Parliament  of 

1689,  Constantine  O'Neill  was  one  of  the  Representa- 
tives for  the  Borough  of  Armagh,  as  was  Cormuck 
O'Neill  for  the  County  of  Antrim,  Daniel  O'Neill  for 
Lisbum,  Toole  O'Neill  for  Killileagh,  Arthur  O'NeOl  of 
Ballygawly  for  Dungannon,  and  Colonel  Gordon  O'Neill 
for  the  County  of  Tyrone. 

When  Schomberg  was  reported  to  have  sent  detach- 
ments to  Sligo  to  command  that  country.  King  James 
despatched  Sir  Neill  O'NeOl's  Dragoons,  with  Briga- 
dier Sarsfield's  and  Henry  Luttrell's  Horse,  and 
Charles  Moore's  and  O'Gara's  Infantry,  to  prevent 
their  progress  thither  ;  and  the  gallant  conduct  ot 
Henry  Luttrell  on  this  occasion  is  before  alluded  to, 
ante  p.  191,  by  King  James's  biographer.  This  Regi- 
ment did  further  and  most  eflFective  service  at  the 
Boyne,  disputing  the  passing  of  the  River  at  Slane  by 
the  enemy's  right  wing,  "  till  their  cannon  came  up, 
and  then  retiring  in  good  order  with  the  loss  of  only 
five  or  six  common  men,  their  Colonel  shot  through 
the  thigh,  (of  which  wound  he  died),  and  one  officer 
or  two  wounded.f  According  to  the  Duke  of 
Berwick's  Memoir,  this  movement  of  Sir  Neill  O'Neill 
was  by  King  James's  especial  order  ;  who,  "  believing 

♦  Manuscripts  in  T.C.D.  (E.  ii.  19). 
t  O'Callagban's  Excid.  Mac.  p.  352. 


the  enemy  might  march  by  their  right  up  to  Slane  to 
pass  the  river  there,  and  endeavour  to  force  the  ford 
at  Old  Bridge,  sent  for  Sir  Neill  O'Neills  Regiment  of 
Dragoons  to  Slane,  with  orders  to  defend  that  pass  as 
long  as  he  could,  without  exposing  his  men  to  be  cut 
to  pieces,  and  then  either  offer  the  King  battle,  or 
march  straight  towards  Dublin,  which  they  might 
easily  have  done,  at  least  with  a  detached  body  of 
Horse  and  Dragoons,  being  so  much  superior  to  the 
King  in  them  as  well  as  in  Foot."*  His  Regiment 
accordingly  "  resisted  for  a  whole  hour  the  passage 
of  the  English  at  Slane,  though  exposed  to  the  fire  of 
a  numerous  artillery  and  the  charges  of  cavalry  greatly 
their  superiors  in  number."! 

The  Attainders  of  1691  include  of  this  name 
Richard,  Earl  of  Tyrone ;  Bryan  O'Neill  of  Dublin, 
Baronet ;  Henry,  Gordon,  Hugh,  and  Philip  O'Neill, 
also  of  Dublin ;  Arthur  of  Ballygawley,  County  of 
Tyrone  ;  Constantine  of  Armagh,  Cormuck  of  Brook- 
shane,  County  of  Antrim ;  Daniel  of  Belfast,  Toole 
of  DrominwiUy,  County  of  Down  ;  Arthur  of  Bally- 
dufE^  King's  County  ;  Brian  of  Ballinacor,  County  of 
Wicklow  ;  Henry  ^Neal'  of  Drogheda,  clerk  ;  Daniel 
Neal  of  Ballycamond,  County  of  Carlow  ;  James 
*  Neel '  of  Clonegal,  Do.;  Cam  O'Neill  of  Loughmore, 
County  of  Antrim  ;  Gordon  O'Neill  of  Crea,  County 
of  Tyrone  ;  Cormuck  of  Kilultagh,  Felix  and  Michael 
of  Killellagh,  County  of  Antrim  ;  and  this  Sir  Neill 

♦  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2,  p.  395. 
t  O'Conors  Milit.  Mem.  p.  107. 

304  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

O'Neill,  described  as  also  of  said  Killellagh  ;  Shane 
O'Neill  of  Creevecamow,  and  Murtough  of  Tullylish, 
County  of  Down  ;  John  of  Fallagh,  Owen  of  Brenton, 
Turlough,  James,  and  Francis  of  Fintona,  all  in  the 
County  of  Tyrone ;  Paul  and  Phelemy  of  Ballyma- 
cuUy,  Charies  of  Derrynoose,  and  Terence  of  Aghna- 
grahan,  all  in  the  County  of  Armagh.  At  the  Court 
of  Chichester  House  in  1700,  claims  were  preferred 
against  the  confiscations  of  Sir  Neill  O'Neill,  Baronet, 
by  Dame  Frances  O'Neill  his  widow,  for  her  jointure, 

as  charged  by    settlement  of  1677,  allowed. By 

Cormuck  O'Neill,  as  administrator  of  the  Marchioness 
of  Antrim,  for  mortgages  and  judgments  affecting  his 
estates,  allowed By  Rose  O'Neill,  one  of  his  daugh- 
ters, for  her  portion, dismist.     There  were  three 

other  daughters  of  his,  Mary,  Elizabeth,  and  Anne,  who 

do  not  appear  to  have  made  any  claims. Jane,  Clare, 

and  Elizabeth  O'Neill  sought  and  were  allowed  their 
portions  off  Mayo  estates  of  Con  O'Neill ;  as  did  Alice 
and  Margaret,  other  daughters  of  Con  by  his  wife 
Honoria  O'Neill,  alias  'Mc  Daniel,'  and  all  their  claims 
were  allowed,  as  charged  by  the  will  of  said  Con, 

dated  10th  of  May,   1684. EUis  O'Neill,  alias 

Mc  Donnell,  and  Neile  O'Neile  claimed  and  were  al- 
lowed a  leasehold  affecting  Mayo  lands  of  Henry 
O'Neile  ;  while  a  second  Ellis  O'Neill  claimed,  as 
administratrix  of  John  O'Neill,  a  charge  on  other 
Mayo  estates  of  Turlough  O'Neill,  but  her  petition  was 



A  FAMILY  of  the  name  was  settled  in  the  County  of 
Westmeath,  of  which  this  JeflFry,  styled  in  the  Inqui- 
sition of  1691  Galfred  Ffay  of  Trumroe  in  that 
County,  Gentleman,  was  a  member.  Richard,  Wil- 
liam, Michael,  and  Edward  Fay  were  also  attainted, 
and  described  as  of  the  same  house.  George  and  John 
Ffay  of  Derryneganahan  and  Thomas  Ffay  of  Togher 
were  likewise  outlawed  in  that  County.  There  was 
also  in  the  North  a  Sept  to  which  the  Milesian  0  was 
prefixed,  and  of  which  Morres  O'Fay  of  Ballyloran 
and  Hugo  OTay  of  Ballylanagh,  County  of  Antrim, 
were  attainted  in  1691. 


This  name  is  of  early  introduction  into  Ireland.  In 
1302,  William,  son  of  Alexander  Savage,  was  one  of 
the  Irish  Magnates  selected  to  attend  Richard  de 
Burgo  in  the  Scottish  war.  In  eight  years  after, 
Richard  le  Savage  was  one  of  those  summoned  to  a 
great  Council  convened  at  Kilkenny  ;  and,  in  1335, 
Robert  Savage  and  John  de  Sauvage  were  of  the  Ulster 
chiefs  ordered  to  attend  John  Darcy  the  Justiciary  in 
the  expedition  against  Scotland.*  Pembridge  in  his 
Annals  records  the  death  in   1360   of  Sir   Robert 

*  D' Alton's  History  of  Drogheda,  vol.  2,  p.  83. 



Savage  of  Ulster,  '  an  excellent  soldier ;'  he  was  buried 
in  the  Dominican  Friary  of  Deny.  In  1375,  Henry 
Savage,  Knight,  was  summoned  to  Parliament ;  as  he 
was  again  in  1377  and  1381.  In  1493,  John 
*  Savage  '  was  Mayor  of  Dublin. 

The  Settlement  of  the  family  in  the  Ardes,  County 
of  Down — or  rather  the  recognition  of  their  oc- 
cupancy there  in  the  time  of  Queen  Elizabeth — is 
fiilly  set  out  in  Harris's  too  brief  History  of  that  in- 
teresting  County.  "The  Family  is  reputed  to  be 
above  400  years  standing  in  Ireland,**  writes  William 
Montgomery  immediately  after  the  Revolution ; 
"They  called  themselves  Lords  of  the  Little  Ardes,  and 
were  men  of  great  esteem,  and  had  far  larger  estates 
in  the  County  of  Antrim,  than  they  have  now  in  the 
Ardes,  which  former  they  resigned  to  hold  under  the 
Mc  Donnell.*  Besides  the  line  long  settled  at  Porta- 
ferry,  there  was  another  not  less  ancient  branch,  the 
Savages  of  Ardkeen  Castle.  This  family  is  of  good 
account,  and  hath  a  second  Castle  called  Scatrick, 
(the  oldest  pile  of  this  family  as  is  said,)  and  thirteen 
islands  in  Lough  Coan ;  both  castles  are  tenable  if 
fortified  and  repaired.  Of  this  family  one  cadet, 
named  Roland^  an  officer  in  Queen  Elizabeth's  wars 
against  the  Irish,  hath,  since  King  James's  entry  into 
England,  built  the  two  Castles  of  Ballygalgat  and 
Kerkstone  (being  high  square  piles),  and  gave  the 
shore  with  lands  adjoining  unto  two  of  his  sons.^f 
In   1614,   Sir   Arthur   Savage,   Knight   and   Privy 

♦  Montgomery  MS.  p.  68.  t  Idem,  p.  802. 

o'neill's  dragoons.  307 

Councillor,  (who  had  been  previously  distinguished  in 
the  war  in  Munster)  obtained  a  grant  of  various 
castles,  rectories,  houses,  mills,  woods,  lands,  tithes, 
&c.  in  the  Counties  of  Cavan,  Mayo,  Galway, 
Limerick,  Tipperary,  Kerry,  Cork,  Clare,  Kildare, 
Wicklow,  Meath,  Roscommon  and  Dublin,  as  well  as 
in  the  City  of  Dublin,  The  only  individual  of  the 
name  attainted  in  1642  was  William  Savage  of  Lusk. 
In  King  James's  new  Charter  of  1688  to  Ar- 
magh, Patrick  Savage  was  one  of  the  burgesses. 

Besides  this  Captain  Roland,  there  are  in  the  Army 
List,  in  Colonel  Cormuck  O'Neill's  Infantry,  Edmund 
Savage  a  Lieutenant,  and  Henry  Savage  an  Ensign. 
Captain  Roland  represented  Newry  in  King  James's 
Parliament,  and,  in  the  Inquisition  for  his  Attainder, 
was  described  as  of  Portaferry  and  Newry,  in  Down. 
Within  which  County  were  also  outlawed  Patrick 
and  Henry  Savage  of  Ballygalgat,  Thomas  and  Hugh 
of  Dromode,  James  of  Ballyspurge,  Hugh  of  Bally- 
darves,  Lucas  of  Dunhunck,  and  John  and  James 
Savage  of  Rocks. 

In  1702,  the  Right  Honourable  Philip  Savage, 
Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer  in  Ireland,  purchased 
various  lands  in  the  County  of  Carlow,  which  had 
been  the  estates  of  John  Baggott  attainted  ;  as  did 
Patrick  Savage  of  Portaferry  part  of  the  confiscations 
of  Captain  Roland  Savage,  with  "the  fresh-wat^T 
lough  thereto  belonging."  The  Hollow  Swords  Bladc^s' 
Company  also  purchased  his  estate  of  Dromardin  in 
the  Ardes.     At  the  Court  of  Claims,  Patrick  Savage 

X  2 


a  minor,  sought  and  was  in  part  allowed  a  remainder 
in  tail  under  settlements  of  1685  in  said  Roland's 
estates  ;  while  Hugh  Savage,  as  son  and  heir  of  John 
Savage,  was  allowed  a  chiefly  out  of  certain  lands  of 
the  same  forfeiting  proprietor ;  as  was  another 
Patrick  Savage,  to  a  certain  extent,  a  mortgage 
charged  upon  same  ;  and  John  Mc  Cormick  and 
Dame  Elizabeth  Ponsonby  claimed  and  were  allowed 
charges  on  other  premises  of  Roland. 


The  Inquisition,  taken  on  his  Attainder  in  1691, 
describes  him  as  of  Leighlin  Bridge ;  a  William 
R<5ddy,  described  as  of  Old  Leighlin,  was  also  then 


The  O'Mannings  were  a  Sept  more  especially  located 
in  the  present  Barony  of  Tyaquin,  County  of  Galway, 
where  the  Castle  of  Clogher  was  their  chief  residence. 
This  Cornet  is  however  described,  on  the  Inquisition 
for  his  Outlawry,  as  of  Lebeltstown,  County  of  Kil- 
kenny ;  and,  as  a  family  of  the  name  of  'Maynwaring^ 
was  at  this  time  and  previously  of  influence  and  re- 
spect in  Kilkenny,  it  would  seem  that  this  officer's 

O'Neill's  dragoons.  309 

surname  may  have   been  here  corrupted  from   the 
latter  appellation. 


Besides  Comet  Piers,  in  this  Regiment,  Maurice 
Piers  was  a  Lieutenant,  and  Patrick  '  Peirs '  an  En- 
sign  in  Lord  Mountcashel's  Infantry.  Yet  the 
Attainders  of  1691  do  not  mark  oflf  any  of  these  per- 
sons, but  only  others,  viz.  John  and  Turlogh  Piers  of 
Calavennane,  County  of  Clare  ;  while  John  Piers  of 
Wicklow  is  the  single  outlaw  on  those  of  1641. 

The  name  is  however  of  record  in  Ireland  from  the 
time  of  Edward  the  Third.  In  1362,  Thomas  Piers 
was  Abbot  of  the  venerable  Religious  House  of  Clon- 
ard  ;  and  when,  in  two  centuries  after,  the  dissolution 
of  these  establishments  was  resolved  upon.  Sir  Henry 
Piers,  Baronet,  had  a  grant  of  the  monasteries  of 
Corock,  Gervaherin,  and  Puble  in  the  County  of 
Tyrone,  with  their  possessions ;  while  Captain  Wil- 
liam Piers  had  a  lease  of  the  once  beautiful  priory  of 
Tristernagh,  with  its  ambit  and  possessions.  His 
title  was  afterwards  converted  into  the  fee ;  the  noble 
Priory,  however,  has  long  since  been  disconsecrated  to 
domestic  uses,  and  its  extent  and  magnificence  can 
but  be  conjectured  from  the  view  in  Grose's  Antiqui- 
ties of  Ireland. 



The  name  of  Williams  does  not  appear  on  the  Attain- 
ders of  1642,  or  on  those  of  1691.  In  Sir  John 
Perrot's  Parliament  of  1585,  Thomas  Williams  was 
one  of  the  Representatives  of  the  County  of  Mayo,  as 
was  Edward  Williams  of  the  Borough  of  Philipstown. 
Dr.  Griffith  Williams,  born  in  Caernarvon  in  1589, 
succeeded  to  the  see  of  Ossory  in  1641,  and  died  at 
Kilkenny  in  1672.     Ilis  Life  is  chronicled  fully  in 

Ware's  Bishops. In    1662,    William    Williams 

represented  the  borough  of  Swords  in  Parliament, 
and  in  1675  he  was  SheriflFof  the  County  of  Dublin. 



Captains.  Lieutenants.  Comets,  Quarter- Mtuters. 

The  Colonel.  Turlogh  O'Brjan.  Daniel  0*Brjan.  James  Nejlan. 

James  Phillips,  David  Bany.  Thomas  Fitzgerald.  William  Hawford. 

Francis  Browne, 


Florence  Mac  Na-  John  Horley.  Martagh  Hogan.  James  White. 


Redmond  Magrath.  John  Ryan.  Hngh  Pcrrj.  James  Ryan. 

Morres  Fitzgerald.  Morrongh  0' Bryan.  Thomas  Donnell.  Christopher  0' Bryan 

James  Mc  DanicU.  Owen  Cahane.  Nicholas  Archdeken. Edmund  Bohilly. 

Nicholas  Bourke.  Silvester  Purdon.  John  BoniiLe.  Gerald  Fitzgerald. 

John  Fitzgerald.  William  Lysaght.  William  Neylan.  Daniel  MacNamara. 

Roger  Shaughuessy.  Joseph  Furlong.  Laurence  Dean.  Dermott  Sullivan. 

Teigue  O'Bryan.  Patrick  Hehir.  Hugh  Hogan.  James  O'Dca. 

Thady  Quin.  Richard  Bedford.  Thomas  Clanchy.  Thomas  Lee. 



This  is  another  of  the  kingly  families  of  Ireland  in 
old  times,  whose  achievements  cannot  be  here  com- 
pressed. The  Sept  was  one  of  the  five  of  the  Irishry, 
who  were  by  special  grace  early  enfranchised,  and 
enabled  to  take  benefit  of  the  laws  of  England  ;  the 
other  four  being  O'Neill  of  Ulster,  O'Melaghlin  of 
Meath,  O'Conor  of  Connaught,  and  Mac  Murrough  of 
Leinster.*  In  1314,  Edward  the  Second  directed  an 
especial  letter  missive  for  aid  on  his  Scottish  expedi- 
tion to  Donogh  O'Brian,  'Duci  Hibemicoriim  de 
Thomond ;'  and  also  to  Murtagh  O'Brien.  As  the  de- 
descendants  of  Brien  Boru  of  immortal  memory,  this 
race  gave  titular  Kings  to  Thomond  down  to  the 
year  1543  ;  when  Murrough  O'Brien,  surrendering 
his  Captaincy  and  Principality  to  Henry  the  Eighth, 
was  created  the  first  Earl  of  Thomond  ;  while  at  the 
same  time  the  politic  monarch  conferred  the  title  of 
Baron  of  Ibrackan  upon  his  nephew,  Donogh  O'Brien, 
on  whom,  upon  his  uncle's  death,  Edward  the  Sixth, 
in  1552,  conferred  the  EarlHom  of  Thomond,  to  be 
enjoyed  by  him  and  his  heirs  male. 

At  the  Supreme  Council  of  Kilkenny  in  1647,  sat 
in  the  Commons  Conor  O'Brien  of  Ballinacody,  and 

Dermot  O'Brien  of  Dromore. In  1652,  Cromwell's 

*  Act  for  Settling  Ireland'  excepted  from  '  pardon  for 
life  and  estate'  Murrough  O'Brien,  Baron  of  Inchiquin, 

*  Davis's  Hist.  Rel.  p.  46. 


Dermot  O'Brien  of  the  County  of  Clare,  and  Murtogh 
O'Brien  of  Arra,  County  of  Tipperary.  In  1663,  the 
Declaration  of  Royal  gratitude  for  'services  beyond 
the  seas,'  includes  Captain  Terence  Bryan  of  Palace- 
greny.  County  of  Louth;  and  Captain  Dermot 
O'Brian  of  Carrickonguis,  County  of  Cork  ;  while,  by 
the  Act  of  Explanation,  Daniel  O'Bryan  of  Duogh, 
County  of  Clare,  was  ordered  to  be  restored  to  his 
'  Seat '  and  2,000  acres  of  his  estates. 

By  an  order  of  Lord  Tyrconnel  to  Colonel  John 
Russell,  dated  18th  June,  1686,  that  officer  was 
directed  to  receive  into  his  Regiment,  and  to  rank 
there  on  his  respective  companies,  (iiiter  alios) 
Lieutenant  Cornelius  O'Bryan,  Lieutenant  Terence 
O'Bryan,  Ensign  Turlogh  O'Bryan,  and  Ensign  Mau- 
rice 'Bryan.'*  In  King  James's  Charter  of  1687,  &c. 
Pierce  Bryan  was  one  of  the  Free  Burgesses  in  that 
to  Carlow,  and  was  also  head  of  the  municipal  Roll  of 
Maryborough.  Michael  was  one  of  the  Aldermen  in 
that  to  Kilkenny.  This  Colonel,  Lord  Clare,  and 
Denis  O'Bryan  of  Dough,  Esq.,  were  Burgesses  in  the 
Charter  to  Ennis,  as  w^  Terence  O'Bryan  in  that  to 
Navan,  and  Luke  '  Bryan '  in  the  Charter  to  Ennis- 

corthy. In  the  Parliament  of  Dublin  (1689)  sat, 

amongst  the  Peers,  O'Bryan,  Earl  of  Thomond  ('a 
papist');  O'Bryan,  Earl  of  Inchiquin,  (a  Protestant); 
and  O'Brien,  this  Viscount  Clare  :  while  in  the  Com- 
mons David  O'Brien  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of 
the  County  of  Clare,  Alderman  James  *  Bryan '  one  of 

*  Singers  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  459. 


those  for  the  City  of  Kilkenny,  as  was  Piers  '  Bryan' 
for  the  Borough  of  Maryborough. 

This  Army  List  has  on  Lord  Clare's  Regiment, 
besides  the  Colonel,  four  others  of  the  name  of 
O'Bryan  : — Charles  O'Bryan  was  Colonel  of  another 
Regiment,  (Infantry),  in  which  Donogh  O'Bryan  was 
Captain,  and  Teigue  and  a  second  Donogh  were  Lieu- 
tenants ;  Carberry  '  Bryan  '  was  a  Lieutenant  in  Col- 
onel  Robert  Clifford's  Dragoons ;  Kennedy  O'Bryan,  a 
Captain  in  Lord  Mount  Cashel's  Infantry,  in  which 
Walter  Bryan  was  a  Lieutenant.  James  and  Lewis 
*  Bryan '  were  Lieutenants,  and  Denis  Bryan  an 
Ensign  in  the  Earl  of  Tyrone's  ;  Michael  *  Bryan '  a 
Captain  in  Colonel  Thomas  Butler's  ;  Thomas  Bryan, 
a  Captain  in  Lord  Kilmallock's,  as  was  Donogh 
O'Bryan  in  Major-General  Boiseleau's  ;  Arthur  and 
Denis  Bryan  were  Lieutenants  in  Sir  Michael 
Creagh's  ;  James  Bryan  a  Captain  in  Lord  Galmoy's 
Horse;  Murtagh  Bryan  in  Sarsfield's.  In  that  of 
Colonel  Hugh  Sutherland,  James  Bryan  was  a 
Captain,  and  Francis  Bryan  a  Cornet ;  while,  lastly, 
John   Bryan  was  a  Quarter-Master  in  Tyrconnel's. 

One  of  these  officers,  styled   Captain   O'Bryan, 

was  killed  at  the  siege  of  Derry,  28th  June,  1689.* 
In  the  August  following,  at  the  time  of  Schomberg's 
landing,  this  Regiment  was  stationed  in  Munster.f 

The  history  of  this  family  has  very  peculiar  inte- 
rest, even  within  the  limits  prescribed  for  these  Ulus- 

*  Walker's  Siege  of  Derrj,  p.  61. 
t  Clarke's  James  II.  p.  872. 


trations.  Daniel  O'Bryan,  the  third  and  youngest  son 
of  Cornelius  O'Bryan,  third  Earl  of  Thomond,  was 
Styled  of  Moyarty  and  Carrigaholt.  He  did  great 
service  and  received  many  wounds  in  the  wars  of  Ire- 
land, for  which  he  was  knighted  and  rewarded  with 
considerable  grants  of  lands  in  the  County  of  Clare, 
which  he  had  represented  in  the  Parliament  of  1613. 
Living  to  see  the  Restoration,  he  was  created  Viscount 
of  Clare  in  1662,  in  consideration  of  his  own  and  his 
children's  services,  both  at  home  and  in  foreign  parts, 
and,  for  the  maintenance  of  that  degree  of  honor,  he 
had  restitution  of  his  whole  estate.  His  grandson 
and  namesake  was  the  individual  under  present  con- 
sideration, the  third  Viscount  Clare,  who  attended 
King  Charles  in  his  exile,  raised  two  Regiments  of 
Infantry  for  James  the  Second,  and  this  6f  Dragoons, 
which,  from  the  facing  of  the  uniform,  was  known  by 
the  popular  name  of  the  Dragoons  Buy  (yellow).  It 
was  raised  at  Carrigaholt,  and  being  considered  the 
flower  of  James's  army,  was  sent  into  Ulster  at  the 
opening  of  the  campaign,  under  the  conduct  of  Sir 
James  Cotter,  forming  part  of  the  numerous  and  well 
appointed  force  of  which  Lord  Mountcashel  had 
then  the  command ;  but,  on  the  26th  July,  1689, 
those  troops  were  encountered  near  Lisnaskea,  in  the 
County  of  Fermanagh,  by  Captain  Martin  Armstrong, 
with  two  troops  of  Horse  and  two  companies  of  Foot, 
who,  "making  a  feint  to  attack  with  his  horse,  retired 
as  if  in  disorder,  till  he  drew  Lord  Mountcashel's 
forces  into  the  ambuscade  of  his  Foot,  who,  by  an  un- 


expected  volley  caused  a  great  slaughter  ;  the  Horse 
at  the  same  instant  facing  about,  fell  on  with  incredi- 
ble force,  and  cut  this  brave  Regiment  almost  to 
pieces,  very  few  escaping  by  flight.'^ 

This  Colonel  Lord  Clare  was  of  King  James's  Privy 
Council  from  1684,  and  Lord  Lieutenant  of  the 
County  of  Clare.  He  fought  at  the  Boyne,  and  died 
soon  after.  He  had  married  Philadelphia,  eldest 
daughter  of  Francis  Leonard  Lord  Dacre,  of  tlie 
South,  and  sister  to  Thomas,  Earl  of  Sussex.  She 
died  in  1662,  leaving  two  sons  by  Lord  Clare,  Daniel 
and  Charles  ;  Daniel,  the  fourth  Viscount,  went  with 
King  James  into  France,  and  was  selected  by  that 
Monarch  to  form  a  portion  of  the  Brigade  of  Mount- 
cashel.  He  died  in  1693  at  Pignerol,  of  wounds  he  had 
received  on  the  occasion  of  the  victory  gained  by  Catinat 
over  the  Allies  at  Marsiglia.  He  never  married,  and 
his  brother  Charles,  who  had  espoused  the  eldest 
daughter  of  Henry  Buckley,  Esq.  Master  of  the 
Household  to  King  James,  became  the  fifth  Viscount. 
For  him  was  embodied  a  French  Brigade  Regiment, 
styled  the  Queen's  Dismounted  Dragoons,  that  after- 
wards was  eminently  distinguished  in  the  wars  of  the 
Continent.  It  consisted  of  one  Battalion  formed  into 
six  Companies,  each  of  one  hundred  men,  officered  by 
one  Captain,  two  Lieutenants,  and  two  Comets. 
Alexander  Barnewall  was  its  Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and  Charles  Maxwell,  Major. 

This  gallant  Brigade  in  1691  mounted  the  trenches 

*  Graham's  Derriana,  p.  27. 

316  KING  James's  irisii  army  list. 

at  Mountmelian,  and  served  in  Piedmont  in  1(593. 
At  the  battle  of  Marsiglia,  being  strengthened  to  three 
Battalions,  they  presented  a  phalanx  which  remained 
impenetrable  to  tlie  attacks  of  the  German  Regiments 
commanded  by  Prince  Eugene,  and  they  mainly 
effected  his  defeat.  In  Spain,  in  1695,  this  Lord 
Clare,  at  the  head  of  his  Dragoons,  was  very  active  in 
several  encounters,  and  chiefly  contributed  to  raising 
the  siege  of  Castle  Follet.  In  the  Campaign  of  1696, 
his  Regiment  was  distinguished  at  the  siege  of  Valen- 
za  in  Lombardy,  in  one  of  the  sallies  from  which  the 
garrison  bore  everything  before  them,  until  checked 
by  Clare's  Regiment,  who  finally  repulsed  and  pur- 
sued them  to  the  palisades  of  Ortavie.  In  1703,  it 
won  much  glory  in  the  Italian  campaign,  when 
Prince  Eugene  was  compelled  to  raise  the  blockade  of 
Mantua.  Afterwards,  in  the  same  year  under  Villiers 
it  maintained  its  character.  At  Blenheim,  Lord 
Clare  led  the  Irish  by  a  forced  and  rapid  march 
against  the  Imperialists,  charged  and  broke  them,  and 
commenced  a  horrible  carnage,  which  continued  in 
the  woods  during  the  whole  of  the  following  night. 
It  is  perhaps  unnecessary  to  say,  however,  that  this 
was  not  the  brittle  which  immortalized  Marlborough. 
At  that  battle,  however,  which  occurred  in  1704, 
Clare's  was  one  of  the  Regiments  posted  at  Oberklaw; 
and,  though  assailed  by  four  of  the  Dutch  Regiments, 
Lord  Clare  maintained  his  post  with  indescribable 
bravery;  the  carnage  was  awful.  In  1705,  it  served 
in  Germany  under  Mai'shal  Villars,  and  in  1706  was 

glare's  dragoons.  317 

thrown  into  Ramillies  to  resist  the  assault  of  Marlbo- 
rough. "  So  long  as  the  Irish  were  supported  by  the 
right  wing  of  the  French,  they  never  yielded  a  single 
inch  of  ground  ;  but,  when  the  cavalry  of  that  wing 
was  broken,  and  the  infantry  taken  in  flank,  they 
were  forced  to  retreat.  Lord  Clare,  who  commanded 
the  Irish,  and  who  on  this  occasion  performed  prodi- 
gies, did  not  surrender  his  fine  corps  prisoners  of  war, 
but  cut  his  way  through  the  enemy's  Battalion,  bear- 
ing down  their  infantry  with  matchless  intrepidity. 
In  the  heroic  effort  to  save  his  corps,  he  was  mortally 
wounded,  and  many  of  his  best  officers  were  killed. 
His  Lieutenant-Colonel,  then  Murrough  O'Brien, 
evinced  on  this  occasion  heroism  worthy  of  the  name. 
Assuming  the  command,  and  leading  on  his  men  with 
fixed  bayonets,  he  bore  down  and  broke  through  the 
enemy's  ranks,  took  two  pair  of  colours,  and  joined 
the  rere  of  the  French  retreat  on  the  heights  of  St. 
Andre."*  Lord  Clare  was  himself  carried  into  Brus- 
sels, where  he  died  of  his  wounds,  and  was  interred  in 
the  Irish  monastery  there. 

He  left  several  children,  but  only  one  son,  another 
Charles,  born  at  St.  Germains-en-Laye  in  1699,  and 
styled  the  sixth  Viscount,  or  more  usually  in  France, 
my  Lord  Comte  de  Clare.  He,  after  some  years, 
having  been  invited  to  England  by  his  cousin  Henry, 
Earl   of  Thomond,  was  by  him  presented  to  King 

*  O'Conor's  Milit.  Mem.  p.  316-17,  to  which  work  the  com- 
piler is  indebted  for  much  of  this  narrative  of  Lord  Clare  s 


George  the  First,  as  heir  at  law  to  his  estates  and 
honours,  whereupon  he  was  assured  of  pardon,  provi- 
ded he  would  conform  to  the  Established  Church,  but 
with  this  condition  he  would  not  comply.  On  the 
breaking  out  of  war  between  France  and  the  Empire 
in  1733,  this  Lord  was  attached  to  the  army  of  the 
Rliine,  under  the  Duke  of  Berwick,  and  on  the  follow- 
ing year  he  served  at  the  memorable  siege  of  Philips- 
burg,  where  he  received  a  contusion  on  the  shoulder 
from  the  same  cannon  shot  that  killed  the  Marshal 
Duke.  The  Earl  of  Thomond  did  not  however  forget 
his  nephew  ;  but,  dying  in  1741,  left  a  will  of  1738, 
whereby,  although  he  bequeathed  the  bulk  of  his 
estates  to  Murrough,  Lord  O'Brien,  eldest  son  of  the 
Earl  of  Inchiquin,  as  being  a  Protestant ;  he  yet  left 
a  legacy  of  £20,000  to  this  individual,  who  upon  his 
death  assumed  the  title  of  '  Thomond '  in  France,  and 
there  in  the  military  service  was  distinguished  for  his 
knowledge  of  strategics,  particularly  evinced  at  the 
battle  of  Dettingen  in  1743,  and  of  Fontenoy  in  two 
years  after;  on  the  latter  occasion,  he  was  made 
Lieutenant-General.  In  the  same  year,  at  Ypres  in 
Flanders,  this  Regiment  of  Lord  Clare  suffered  con- 
siderably. The  list  of  those  killed  and  wounded  there 
records  of  the  kUledy  Lieutenant-Colonel  O'Neill, 
Captain-Lieutenant  Shortall,  Captains  Talsey,  Mac 
EUicott  and  Maguire  ;  and  Lieutenants  Edward  Fitz- 
gerald and Macnamara  ;    while  of  the  wounded 

were  Captain  Grant,  (Lord  Clare's  Aid-de-Camp), 
Captains  Christopher  Plunket,  Brien  O'Brien,  


Creagh,  Kennedy,  Djiniel  Mac  Carty  and  John 

O'Brien;     with    Lieutenants    Hugh    Talsey,    

Davoren,  Charles  O'Brien,  Cornelius  O'Neill,  and  Brien 
O'Brien.*  A  Captain  O'Brien  was  there  also  mort^dly 
wounded  in  Koth's  llegiment.  In  two  years  after,  at 
Lauffield,  was  killed  in  Clare's  Regiment  Captain 
Charles  O'Brien ;  while  Capttiins  Murtough  and  Conor 
O'Brien  were  there  iroimded.  For  his  services  in  this 
engagement,  the  French  monarch  promoted  this  Colo- 
nel to  the  rank  of  Marshal  Thomond,  appointing  him 
Governor  of  New  Brisac  in  Alsace,  and  Commander- 
in-Chief  of  the  Province  of  Languedoc  and  all  the 
coasts  on  the  Mediterranean.  In  1755,  he  married 
Lady  Marie  Genevieve  Louisa  de  Cheffraville,  Marchio- 
ness of  Cheflfraville  in  Normandy,  and,  dying  of  fever 
at  Montpelier  in  1762,  left  by  her  Charles,  his  heir, 
bom  at  Paris  in  1757,  and  a  daughter  born  in  1758, 
who  married  the  Duke  de  Choiseul  Praslin,  by  whom 
she  had  a  numerous  issue.  Cliarles  the  younger,  and 
the  last  Viscount,  died  at  Paris  unmarried  in  1774, 
when  the  title  became  extinct,f  while  the  Regiment 
that  bore  his  name  was,  on  his  decease,  drafted  into 


Was  a  Captain  of  Grenadiers  in  this  army,  and  as 
such  he  was  allowed  a  pension  of  £235  4s  per  annum 
on  the  military  establishment,  with  another  of  £100 

♦  Gent.  Mag.  vol.  xv.  p.  276. 
t  Lodge's  Peerage,  vol.  2,  p.  34. 

320  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

per  annum  on  the  Civil  List ;  he  died  in  London  of 
smallpox,  26th  October,  1688.  His  third  son,  Rich- 
ard, being  an  officer,  also  in  King  James's  service, 
and  going  to  France  in  April,  1689,  during  the  war 
with  that  kingdom,  was  therefore  prohibited  from 
coming  home  by  the  Act,  9  William  III.;  but,  upon  his 
petition  and  his  avowed  willingness  to  take  the  oath 
of  allegiance.  Queen  Anne  granted  him  licence  to 
return  in  1703,  and  he  died  in  1707  unmarried.* 

This  Viscount  was  not  included  in  the  Attainders 
of  1601  ;  but  Daniel  Viscount  Clare  was  then  out- 
lawed, as  was  Charles  the  fifth  Viscoimt  in  1696,  by 
the  designation  of  Charles  O'Bryan,  commonly  called 
Lord  Viscount  Clare.  There  were  also  outlawed  in 
the  former  year  Charles  and  Daniel  O'Brien  of  Carrig- 
aholt,  and  Murrough  of  Corrofin  in  the  County  of 
Clare ;  Morgan,  Connor,  and  Daniel  *  O'Bryen '  of 
Hospital ;  William,  Kennedy,  and  Daniel  O'Bryen  of 
Castletown,  County  of  Limerick ;  and  Teigue 
'O'Brien '  of  Carrowmore,  County  of  Sligo.  While  in 
the  County  of  Westmeath  were  held  Inquisitions  of 
outlawry  against  Bartholomew  '  Bryan '  of  Coolvock, 
Francis  Bryan  of  Ballykeeran,  and  Henry  Bryan  of 

Castleback; in  the   County   of  Carlow,   against 

William  and  Michael  Bryan  of  Raheragh ; in  the 

County  of  Kilkenny,   against   Walter   and   Michael ' 
Bryan  of  Harristown,  James  Bryan  of  Jenkinstown, 
and  John  and  Edward  Fitz-james  Bryan  of  Browns- 
town  ;    in  the    County   of  Cork,   against  Dionysius 

*  Lodge's  Peerage,  vol.  2,  p.  816. 

Clare's  dragoons.  321 

Bryan  of  Kilcoleman,  Edward  Bryan,  Senior,  and 
Edward  Bryan,  Junior.  In  the  County  of  Wexford, 
against  Lucas  Bryan  of  Wexford  Town,  Hugh  Bryan 
of  Mungane,  Arthur  Bryan  of  Ironbrick,  and  William 
*  Bryant'  of  Rosse.  In  the  County  of  Waterford, 
against  Darby  Bryan  of  Craig-rush,  and  Terence 
Bryan  of  Comeragh ;  and  lastly,  against  Turrock 
Bryan  of  Ballinroan,  County  of  Galway,  and  Piers 

Bryan  of  the  Queen's  County. At  the  Court  of 

Claims,  Francis  O'Brien  claimed  an  estate  in  fee,  pur- 
suant to  the  Act  of  Settlement,  in  lands  forfeited  by 
Lord  Clare ;  while  Ellen  O'Bryen,  alias  O'Shaughnessy, 
widow  of  Connor  O'Bryen,  claimed  an  estate  for  life 
under  her  marriage  settlements  on  lands  forfeited  by 
Donogh  O'Bryan. 

For  the  gallant  achievements  of  MuiTough  O'Bryan 
(of  Carrigogunnell)  on  the  Continent,  see  OCaUagh- 
aria  Brigades^  vol.  I,  p.  82,  &c.;  and  of  various  other 
O'Bryens  distinguished  in  foreign  service  much  will 

be  found  in  the  same  work,  (p.  291). In  1769, 

died  at  Cambray  in  France  Dr.  John  O'Brien,  there- 
tofore  the  Roman  Catholic  Bishop  of  Cloyne. 


Colonel  Phillips  was  killed  early  in  the  campaign,  at 
the  engagement  with  Colonel   Wolseley,  near  Beltur- 

322  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

bet  *  when  John  Macnamara  of  Cratloe  was  appointed 
in  his  place. 

The  earliest  notice  of  this  name  within  the  scope 
of  these  Illustrations,  occurs  in  the  Declaration  of 
King  Charles's  gratitude  for '  services  beyond  the  seas,' 
which  includes  Captain  Walter  Phillips  of  Clonmore, 
County  of  Mayo.  Of  that  family  was  Charles  Phillips, 
a  Captain  in  Colonel  O'Gara's  Infantry,  and  Gilduff 
Phillips,  an  Ensign  in  his  troop.  Captain  Charles,  de- 
scribed as  of  Ballindoe,  a  townland  adjoining  Clon- 
more, and  his  relative  Philip  Phillips,  were  afterwards 

adjudged  within  the  Articles   of  Limerick. The 

name  appears  also  in  King  James's  Charter  to  Kal- 
kenny,  where  Samuel  Phillips  was  one  of  the  Alder- 
men, and  Thomas  Phillips  one  of  the  Burgesse§,  In 
the  Attainders  of  1691  are  included  James  and 
Edward  Phillips,  described  as  of  Dromore,  County  of 
Down  ;  and  this  James  it  would  certainly  seem  was 
the  Lieutenant-Colonel  here  under  consideration.  As 
the  surname  has,  however,  not  flourished  in  the  North, 
while  in  the  aforesaid  locality  of  Clonmore  it  existed 
to  the  present  year,  some  particidars  of  its  descent 
from  Wales  are  extracted  from  an  ancient  Pedigree 
in  the"  compiler's  possession,  drawn  up  in  the  last 
century,  and  expressedly  vouched  by  the  attestation  of 
all  the  Roman  Catholic  Bishops  of  Connaught,  and 
the  Warden  of  Galway. 

It  commences  with  Cadifer  ap  Colhoyn,  Lord  of 
Dyfed,  who  was  of  the   same   tribe   with   Vortigem 

*  O'Callaghan's  Irish  Brigades,  vol.  1,  p.  86. 

glare's  dragoons.  323 

King  of  Britain,  and  paternally  descended  from  Maxi- 
mus,  King  of  Britain  and  Emperor  of  Rome.  This  Cad- 
ifer  was  the  founder  of  the  ennobled  line  of  Picton 
Castle,  and  from  him  and  his  lady  Helen,  only  daugh- 
ter and  heiress  of  Lleoch  Llawen  Vawr,  a  Prince  of 
Wales,  the  tree  of  these  two  Houses  grows  out 
through  his  lineal  heir  male.  Sir  Adrin  Ap  Rhys,  who 
attended  Richard  the  First  into  the  Holy  Land, 
where  he  behaved  so  gallantly  that  he  received  the 
order  of  Knighthood  of  the  Holy  Sepulchre,  and  a 
grant  of  armorials,  a  lion  rampant  sable  in  a  field 
argent.  His  descendant,  Philip  ap  Evan,  left  a  son 
Meredith,  who  was  the  first  that  took  the  name  of 
Phillips,  styling  himself  Meredith  Phillips,  instead  of 
ap  Phillip,  the  usual  character  of  designation. 

This  Meredith  was  born  in  1242,  and  while  his 
eldest  son,  Pldlip  Phillips  of  Kylsant,  was  the  ancestor 
of  the  family  of  Picton  Castle,  his  youngest  son,  John 
Phillips,  in  the  time  of  Edward  the  First,  crossed 
over  in  that  monarch's  service  to  subdue  the  Irish 
*  rebels '  in  Connaught,  where,  the  enterprise  having 
succeeded,  he  acquired  the  patrimony  of  Clonmore, 
with  the  townlands  annexed  in  the  County  of  Mayo,  in 
reward  of  his  services.  This  John  was  born  in  1271, 
as  was,  in  the  eighth  generation  from  him,  Gilbert 
Phillips  of  Clonmore,  who  married  Mary  Jordan, 
daughter  of  Walter  Jordan,  a  Chief  of  the  adjacent 
Barony  of  Gallen.      Their  eldest  son  Philip  Phillips, 

bom  in  1557,  married  a  daughter  of O'Gara, 

Chief  of  the  Barony  of  Coolavin,  in  the  County  of 
Sligo;  and  their  son  Myles,  bom  in  1590,  married 

Y  2 


Mable,  daughter  of O'Donnelan  of  Rossedonelan, 

County  of  Roscommon.  Walter,  the  eldest  son  of 
Myles  and  Mable,  became  a  Major  in  the  army,  and 
he  is  the  individual  named  in  the  aforesaid  Declara- 
tion of  thanks.  He  married  Winifred,  daughter  of 
Dudley  Costello  of  the  Barony  of  Costello.  Their 
eldest  son,  Philip  Phillips,  commonly  called  Captain 
Phillips,  was  born  in  Austrian  Belgium  in  1653, 
where  his  father  then  sojourned  with  the  Royal 
Family.  On  the  Restoration  these  exiles  returned  to 
Clonmore;  and  Philip,  in  1682,  married  Bridget 
O'Mulloy,  daughter  of  Edward  O'Mulloy,  Chief  of 
Oughtertyry,  County  of  Roscommon.  Their  eldest 
son  Myles,  born  in  1684,  married  in  1712  Juliana, 
daughter  of  Edward  Browne  of  Tullimore,  County  of 
Mayo,  by  whom  he  had  issue  Edward  his  eldest  son, 
Philip  Phillips  his  second  son.  Archbishop  of  Tuam, 
('lately  deceased,'  says  the  Manuscript  cited),  and 
John  who  died  unmarried.  Edward,  in  October, 
1739,  married  Helena,  daughter  of  John  O'Kelly, 
County  of  Galway,  by  whom  he  had  one  son,  Thomas;- 
born  in  January,  1749,  who  in  1767  married  Cathe- 
rine, daughter  of  Philip  and  Anne  O'Byme  of  Kil- 
loughter.  County  of  Wicklow.  Their  issue  *  are ' 
Edward,  bom  24th  May,  1768;  PhUip,  bom  1770; 

and  Myles,  born  1774. Here  this  ancient  Pedigree 

concludes.  Edward,  the  eldest  son,  married  in  1794, 
Anne,  daughter  of  Doctor  Terence  Mac  Dermot  of 
Coolavin,  and  had  issue  Thomas,  (and  two  other  sons 
who  died  unmarried),  with  three  daughters.    Thomas, 

Clare's  dragoons.  325 

the  eldest  son  of  Edward,  married  in  1828  Alicia, 
daughter  of  Doctor  OTerrall,  of  the  old  Sept  of 
Annaly,  and  he  has  by  her  three  sons  and  four 

This  family,  of  such  ancient  origin  and  old  l^pect- 
ability  in  their  County,  has,  in  the  bloodless  revolution 
of  the  Incumbered  Estates'  Commission,  been  uprooted 
from  the  soil.     They  are  there  no  more. 


He  was  descended  from  Dominick  Browne,  who  was 
Mayor  of  Galway  ;n  1575,  through  a  younger  son, 
Andrew  ;  (the  eldest  son  of  Dominick  was  Geofiiy, 
ancestor  of  Lord  Oranmore).  Andrew's  son,  John, 
was  the  father  of  this  Major  Francis,  who  having  been 
killed  at  Athlone  was  attainted  in  the  following  year, 
the  Inquisition  styling  him  'a  Merchant  of  Waterford.' 
On  his  death  and  attainder,  his  brother  Anthony 
succeeded  to  his  property,  and  he  was  the  lineal 
ancestor  of  the  present  inheritor  of  Moyne,  Michael 
Joseph  Browne. 

Extended  notices  of  this  name  are  api)ended  to 
Lord  Kenmare. 


The  Sept  of  Magrath,  or  Mac  Crath,  was  located  in 


the  County  of  Tipperary,  also  at  Termon-Magrath  in 
the  County  of  Fermanagh,  and  in  later  time  in  the 
County  of  Clare,  where  they  are  spoken  of  in  the  mid- 
dle ages  as  the  chief  poets  of  Thomond  ;  while  in  the 
Parish  of  Modeligo,  County  of  Waterford,  they  had  a 
large  estate,  on  which  the  remains  of  their  Castles  are 
noted  by  Smith.*  In  1224,  Simon  Magrath  was 
Bishop  of  Ardagh;  of  Killaloe,  Matthew  '  Mac  Cragh  ' 
was  Bishop  in  1391,  Donat  '  Mac  Cragh  in  1428, 
Thady  Mac  Cragh  in  1430,  and  Dermot  'Mac  Cragh ' 
in  1480;  and  Matthew  Macraigh  was  Bishop  of  Clon- 
fert  in  1482.  In  the  ensuing  century  lived  Miler 
Magrath,  a  Franciscan  friar  of  the  Fermanagh  line  of 
this  family.  He  had  been  by  the  Pope's  provision  ad- 
vanced to  the  See  of  Down ;  but,  having  embraced  the 
Protestant  religion  in  1570,  he  was  by  Queen  Eliza- 
beth translated  to  that  of  Clogher,  and  afterwards  in 
the  same  year  to  the  Archbishopric  of  Cashel,  with 
Emly  annexed,  and  yet  more  those  of  Waterford  and 
Lismore  by  a  commendatory  grant,  with  various  other 
substantial  favours  from  her  Majesty.  He  filled  the 
Archbishopric  for  upwards  of  fifty-two  years,  during 
which  time,  says  Harris  in  his  additions  to  Ware, 
'he  made  most  scandalous  wastes  and  alienations  of  the 
revenues  and  manors  belonging  to  it.'  He  died  at 
Cashel  in  1 622,  in  the  hundredth  year  of  his  age.f  In 
1629,  a  Royal  warrant  issued,  directing  Lord  Falkland 

♦  History  of  Waterford,  p.  82. 
t  Ware's?  Bishops,  pp.  481-5. 


to  grant  a  Baronetage*  to  John  Magrath  of  Attyvo- 
lane,  in  the  County  of  Tipperary,  who  had  some  years 
previously  obtained  from  the  Crown  a  grant  of  the 
Lordship  of  Knockorden,  with  divers  townlands,  the 
castle,  town,  and  lands  of  Ballyneanty,  and  all  tithes 
and  advowsons  belonging  to  the  premises,  with  courts 
leet  and  baron.f 

The  Attainders  of  1641  present  the  names  of  Rich- 
ard and  Patrick  Magrath,  both  of  Fyanstown,  County 
of  Meath;  while  Cromwell's  Act  (1652)  so  often 
cited,  excepted  from  pardon  for  life  and  estate  Sir 
John  '  Magragh '  of  the  County  of  Tipperary,  (i.  e. 
the  Baronet  of  Attyvolane),  and  Turlogh,  son  of 
James  Magragh. Besides  Captain  Kedmond  Ma- 
grath, there  are  on  this  List  Bryan  Magrath,  a  Lieu- 
tenant in  the  Earl  of  Antrim's  Infantry ;  James,  a 
Captain  in  the  Earl  of  Tyrone's  ;  Terence  and  Jolin, 
Captains  in  Lord  Galmoy's  (the  latter  was  afterwards 
adjudged  within  the  Articles  of  Limerick) ;  another 
Terence  was  Lieutenant  in  Tyrone's,  Miles  and 
Nicholas  were  Lieutenants  in  Colonel  John  Barrett's, 
and  Thomas  was  a  Captain  in  Sir  Charles  O'Bryan's 

It  appears  from  the  Inquisitions  of  1691,  and  the 
Petitions  of  1700,  that  this  Captain  Redmond  was  of 

*  Gilbert,  in  his  interesting  History  of  the  City  of  Dublin, 
states  (p.  4)  that  Charles  II.  granted  to  the  request  of  Sir 
James  Ware,  who  had  declined  the  honours  of  a  Viscounty  and 
a  Baronetage  from  his  Sovereign,  two  blank  baronetcies  which 
Sir  James  filled  up  for  two  friends. 

t   Rot.  Pat.  13,  Jac.  1,  in  Cane.  Hib. 

328  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

a  Clare  family,  and  seized  of  estates  in  that  County  ; 
an  estate  tail  in  which  was  on  his  attainder  claimed 
by  Robert  Magrath,  and  allowed.  Bedmond  Magrath, 
a  minor,  also  sought  and  was  allowed  an  estate  tail  in 
other  Clare  lands  of  said  Redmond,  under  articles 
entered  into  in  1687,  upon  the  marriage  of  James,  the 
father  of  said  minor,  and  Mary  his  mother;  under 
which  articles  that  mother  was  allowed  an  annuity 
and  jointure  off  said  lands;  while  John  Magrath 
obtained  the  benefit  of  a  mortgage  on  the  same  estate, 
and  Honora,  widow  of  Thomas  Magrath,  an  annuity 

thereof.     For  other  claims,  see  antej  p.  155. A 

large  portion  lying  in  the  Barony  of  Tullagh,  County 
of  Clare,  was  sold  by  the  Commissioners  of  the  forfei- 
tures to  Terence  Geoghegan  in  1703.  Another 
Magrath  then  attainted  was  Bryan  of  Large,  County 
of  Fermanagh. 

At  the  battle  of  Lauffield,  near  Maestricht,  in  1747, 

Captain  John  Magrath  and  Lieutenant Magrath 

were  of  those  in  Berwick's  Brigade  wounded. 


The  O'Shaughnessys  were  Lords  of  a  mountainous  dis- 
trict dividing  Galway  from  Clare.  The  Sept  is,  how- 
ever, traced  in  the  Annals  of  other  parts  of  this 
country.  In  1060,  died  Dermot  O'Shaughnessy, 
Abbot  of  Dunshaughlin,  County  of  Meath ;  as  did  in 
1140  another  Dermot  O'Shaughnessy,  *the  most  dis- 

glare's  dragoons.  329 

tinguished  sage  of  Leath  Cuinn,'  the  northern  half  of 
Ireland  ;  and  in  1224,  Giolla-na-naomh  O'Shaugh- 
nessy,  Lord  of  the  western  half  of  Kinalea,  (Barony  of 
Kiltartan,  County  of  Galway).  In  1451,  a  licence 
for  using  the  English  law  was  granted  to  Donat 
•  O'Shasnam,'  which  seems  to  refer  to  a  member  of  this 
Sept.  In  1543,  King  Henry,  by  a  patent,  reciting 
that  Sir  Dermot  O'Shaughnessy  and  his  ancestors  had 
theretofore  possessed  themselves  of  premises  in  the 
County  of  Galway  unjustly^  but  that  Sir  Dermot  had 
now  surrendered  same,  the  King  therefore  hereby  con- 
veyed to  hhn  as  the  Chief  of  his  name,  and  to  his  heirs 
male,  all  the  manors,  lands,  &c.  of  Gort-Inchigorie, 
with  several  other  denominations.  To  Perrot's  Par- 
liament of  1585,  went  John  and  Dermot,  the  two  sons 
of  Giolla  Dhu  O'Shaughnessy,  Chief  of  Kinel-aodha 
and  Gort ;  while  in  the  Supreme  Council  of  1647, 
Dermot  O'Shaughnessy,  the  heir  male  of  Dermot  of 
1543,  was  one  of  the  Commons.  He  was  deprived  of 
his  estates  by  the  Usurping  Powers ;  but  on  the  Re- 
storation was  knighted,  and  by  the  Act  of  Explana- 
tion restored  to  his  seat  and  2,000  acres  of  his  inhe- 

In  1642,  the  Marquis  of  Clanricarde  wrote  to  Lord 
Inchiquin  : — "  The  bearer,  my  noble  kinsman,  Sir 
Roger  Shaughnessy,  has,  by  my  licence,  taken  his  de- 
parture out  of  this  government  into  Munster,  to  take 
care  of  his  lady,  family  [who  were  besieged  there] 
and  estate  in  these  parts,  which,  by  reason  of  his  long 
absence,  doth  and  may  suffer  by  the  general  unhappy 


distemper  in  this  kingdom.  I  could  not  let  so  much 
worth  and  merit  pass  from  me,  without  giving  your 
Lordship  notice  that  in  his  own  person,  his  son  and 
followers,  he  hath  constantly,  and  with  much  forward 
affection,  been  present  and  assisting  to  me  in  all  my 
proceedings  and  endeavours  for  his  Majesty's  ser- 
vice/** The  son  here  alluded  to  was  Dermot 
O'Shaughnessy,  hereinafter  mentioned,  who  raised 
fifty  foot  soldiers  in  the  Marquis's  service.  William, 
the  brother  of  Sir  Roger,  was  likewise  a  Captain  in 
the  Clanricarde  levy,  and  his  character  and  loyalty 
obtained  from  the  Corporation  of  Galway  in  1648  a 
vote  that  he,  then  "Lieutenant-Colonel  William 
O'Shaughnessy,  (in  consideration  of  his  alliance  in 
blood  to  the  whole  town,  and  for  the  good  nature  and 
affection  that  he  and  his  whole  family  do  bear  to  it,) 
and  his  posterity  shall  be  hereafter  free  of  their 
guild. "f  The  Captain  Roger  in  this  Regiment  was  the 
lineal  male  descendant  of  his  namesake  ;  he  married 
Helen,  daughter  of  Connor  O'Bryan,  Lord  Viscount 
Clare  ;  joined  King  James's  forces,  and  was  present 
at  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  from  which  he  returned 
home  sick,  though  not  wounded,  and  died  in  the 
Castle  of  Gort  ten  days  after  that  fatal  field.  He  was 
attainted  in  1697,  when  his  estates  were  granted  to 
Sir  Thomas  Prendergast,  '  a  gentleman  of  family  in 
Ireland,'!  "  upon  the  most  valuable  consideration  of  his 

•  Clanricarde's  Memoirs,  fol.  p.  201. 
t  Hardiman's  Galway,  p.  216. 
{  Dalrymple's  Mem.  vol.  3,  p.  76. 


discovering  a  most  barbarous  and  bloody  conspiracy 
to  assassinate  the  King's  most  Excellent  Majesty,  to 
destroy  the  liberties  and  in  consequence  the  Protest- 
ant religion  throughout  Europe.''  The  Irish  House 
of  Commons  had  previously  solemnly  thanked  him 
therefor ;  and,  on  a  representation  that  the  rental  of 
O'Shaughnessy's  estate  fell  short  of  £500  per  ann. 
other  lands  in  the  Counties  of  Tipperary,  Galway, 
Roscommon  and  Wexford  were  added  to  those  already 
appropriated  for  his  reward ;  the  latter  to  the  clear 
amount  of  £334  per  annum.  The  O'Shaughnessy 
estates  were  afterwards  the  subject  of  long  litigation, 
even  to  an  appeal  to  the  Lords  ;  but  all  attempts  to 
disturb  the  grant  of  these  confiscations  were  ineflFec- 
tive.  Sir  William,  the  heir  of  Roger  O'Shaughnessy, 
died  an  exile  in  France  in  1744.  His  cousin  and 
next  heir  was  Coleman  O'Shaughnessy,  Roman  Catho- 
lic Bishop  of  Ossory,  who  instituted  the  alleged  pro- 
ceedings ;  they  were  continued  by  his  next  relative, 
Roebuck  O'Shaughnessy,  and  on  his  death  by  Joseph, 
the  son  of  Roebuck,  until  decisively  defeated. 

The  Attainders  of  1691  include  those  of  Dermot 
'Shaghnessy'  of  Castlegar,  and  William  Shaghnessy 
of  Gort ;  while  from  the  claims  preferred  at  Chiches- 
ter House  it  appears  that  Captain  Hugh  Kelly,  on 
behalf  of  himself  and  his  wife,  sought  a  jointure 
charged  under  settlements  of  1688,  on  lands  in  the 
County  of  Galway,  forfeited  by  Roger  O'Shaughnessy; 

but  their  petition   was    dismist. In   1699,    the 

Trustees  of  the  Forfeited  Estates  complained,  in  an 

332  KING  James's  irisu  army  list. 

official  report,  that  so  hasty  had  been  several  of  the 
grantees  or  their  agents  in  the  disposal  of  the  forfeited 
woods,  that  vast  numbers  of  trees  had  been  cut  and 
sold  for  not  above  6d.  a  piece;  and  they  particularly 
named  the  wood  of  O'Shaughnessy's  estate  as  having 
been  the  subject  of  such  waste. 


This  ancient  Sept  is  recognised  in  the  native  Annals 
from  the  earliest  date  of  surnames ;  those  of  Ulster 
commemorate,  amongst  the  heroes  who  fought  at  Clon- 
tarf  in  1014,  Neill  O'Quin.  Widely  spreading  over 
Ireland,  this  family  held  territory  in  Limerick,  Clare, 
Longford,  Westmeath,  and  Derry.  In  the  first 
County  the  name  has  been  in  later  years  ennobled, 
with  the  titles  of  Barons  Adare  and  Earls  of  Dun- 
raven. In   1095,   died  of  the  plague  Augustin 

O'Quinn,  Chief  Brehon  of  Leinster ;  and  in  1188, 
Edwina,  commemorated  as  'daughter  of  O'Quinn  of 
Muinter-Iffernan  in  Thomond  (Clare),  and  Queen  of 
Munster,*  died  in  her  pilgrimage  at  Derry,  'victorious 
over  the  world  and  the  devil.'  In  1252,  Thomas 
O'Quinn  was  Bishop  of  Clonmacnoise,  as  was  John 
Quin  of  Limerick  in  1505.  The  Patent  Rolls  record 
pardons  to  Thomas  0  'Cuin '  in  1318,  to  Maolmurry 
O'Coigne'  of  Castlemartin  in  1395  ;  and  in  1402, 
King  Henry  the  Fourth  granted  to  Thomas  O'Coyne, 
clerk,  'of  the  Irish  nation  and  blood,'  liberty  to  use 


the  English  law  and  language.  In  1404,  David  and 
John  0'  '  Coynge/  of  the  County  of  Kildare,  sued  out 
a  licence  of  pardon  ;  and  in  1413,  Henry  the  Fifth 
granted  to  James  0  *Coygne'  similar  licence  as  that 
before  given  to  Thomas  0  'Coyne,'  clerk,  with  the 
additional  liberty  of  acquiring  lands  in  mortmain  for 

religious  uses. Walter   Quinn   'of  Dublin'   was 

preceptor  to  Prince  Henry,  on  whose  death  he  pub- 
lished an  epitaph  in  1613.* 

The  Act  that  in  1612  confiscated  Ulster  by  the 
attainder  of  the  Earl  of  Tyrone  and  his  confederates, 
included  Murtogh  O'Quinn,  'late  of  Dungannon,'  and 
Teigue  Modder  O'Quinn  of  the  same  place.  Crom- 
well's memorable  Ordinance  of  1652  excepted  from 
pardon  for  life  and  estate  Brien  Modder  O'Quynne, 
and  Turlogh  Groom  O'Quynne  of  Monagowre,  in  the 
County  of  Tyrone;  while  Mr.  John  Quinn  was  one  of 
the  twenty-four  whom  Ireton  condemned  to  die  on 
the  capitulation  of  Limerick.  The  Attainders  of 
1642  include  Richard  and  Laughlin  Quinn  of  Bally- 
hooke.  County  of  Wicklow  ;  Edmund  Quin  of  Bal- 
lenteskin,  do.  clerk ;  Christopher  Quinn  of  St. 
Audoen's  parish,  Dublin,  and  Christopher  Quin  of  St. 
Michan's,  do.  merchant.  In  a  patent  of  Clare  lands 
granted  in  1680  to  Dame  Lucy  'Fitzmorrice'  and 
her  son  Richard  Fitz-Morrice,  there  was  an  especial 
saving  of  the  rights  of  Thady  Quinn,  possibly  the 
above  Captain,  to  certain  lands  therein,  and  to  a  mort- 
gage on  others  of  the  grant. 

♦  Watt's  Biblioth.  Britt. 


On  this  Army  List,  besides  the  above  Captain 
Thady  Quinn,  Daniel  Quinn  was  a  Quarter-Master  in 
Colonel  Nicholas  Purcell's  Horse,  as  was  Robert 
Quinn  in  Lord  Dongan's  Dragoons ;  Christopher 
*Quin/  a  Cornet  in  Colonel  Symon  Luttrell's,  and 
James  'Quinn/  a  Lieutenant  in  Major  General  Boise- 
leau's  Infantry.  Captain  Thady  Quinn  was  attainted 
in  1691,  when  his  estates  in  the  County  of  Limerick 
became  vested  in  the  Crown.  The  other  Outlawries 
were  of  William  Quin  of  Dublin,  Richard  Quinn  of 
Athy,  Hugh  Mc  Turlogh  O'Quin  of  Cornetule,  and 
Brian  Ogc  Mac  Turlogh  O'Quin  of  Glunoe,  County  of 


While  this  name  is  still  extant  of  respectability  in 
the  County  of  Clare,  the  above  Lieutenant  appears 
to  have  been  of  a  Cork  family ;  to  one  of  whom.  Colo- 
nel Bartholomew  Purdon,  M.  P.  who  died  in  1737, 
a  monument  is  erected  in  the  church  of  Ballyclogh. 
The  name  does  not  appear  on  the  Outlawries,  or  else- 
where on  the  Army  List. 


I^    1542,  Edward   'Lysart*  was  presented  by  the 
King  to  the  perpetual  vicarage  of  Ballytobin,  which 


had  come  to  the  Crown  on  the  Dissolution  of  monas- 
teries, as  parcel  of  the  possessions  of  that  of  Kenlis  in 
Ossory.  The  List  of  *  Scholars  '  of  Trinity  College, 
Dublin,  in  1612,  has  the  name  of  Daniel  Lysagh, 
otherwise  Mac  Gillisagh,  afterwards  presented  to 
the  rectory  of  Rathblynninge  in  the  Diocese  of 
KUlaloe^  with  a  proviso  that  *  unless  he  shall  reside 
thereon,  after  he  shall  have  finished  his  studies  in 
Trinity  College,  Dublin,  the  presentation  shall  be  void.'* 
In  the  war  of  1641,  James  Lysaght  was  a  Comet  in 
the  army,  and  distinguished  himself  under  the  com- 
mand of  the  Earl  of  Inchiquin.  [His  son  Nicholas 
was  a  Captain  in  King  William's  army  at  the  battle 
of  the  Boyne,  and  was  afterwards  a  claimant  at  Chi- 
chester House,  for  charges  affecting  the  Clare  estates 
of  William  Creagh,  but  his  petition  was  dismist. 
His  son  John  Lysaght  was  in  1758  raised  to  the 
Peerage,  by  the  title  of  Baron  Lisle  of  Mountrath,  a 
title  which  still  exists.]  In  1666,  Comet  John 
Lysaght  had  a  confirmatory  grant  of  500  acres  in  the 
Barony  of  Orrery,  County  of  Cork.  It  was  at  this 
time  that  a  Thomas  Lysaght,  then  a  young  man, 
being  on  his  passage  to  England,  on  his  way  to  study 
at  Oxford,  was  taken  by  a  French  privateer  and  car- 
ried into  France,  where  he  became  a  convert  to  the 
Soman  Catholic  religion.  Incurring  thereby  the 
displeasure  of  his  father,  he  was  disinherited,  and  the 
estate  of  the  family  was  bequeathed  by  that  gentleman 

♦  Rot.  Pat.  10  Car.  1,  in  Cane.  Hib. 


to  a  younger  son,  the  above  Captain  Nicholas  of  King 
William's  anny. 

In  the  old  cathedral  graveyard  of  Kilfenora  is  the 
chief  burial  place  of  the  Clare  Lysaghts,  and  on  a  slab 
there  is  an  inscription  to  Patrick  Lysaght;  in  his 
epitaph  he  is  made  to  say,  ^  Marti  et  Baccho  saspe 
tributa  dedV  The  tradition  of  the  country  points 
to  his  grave  as  that  of  'the  warrior/  and  suggests  him 
to  have  been  engaged  in  the  Stuart  wars,  more  especially 
as  it  is  stated  on  the  tombstone  that  he  died  in  1741, 
at  the  very  advanced  age  of  85 ;  he  had  four  brothers, 
whose  descendants  are  yet  established  in  and  about 
Ennis.  In  1678,  a  William  Lysaght,  possibly  the 
above  Lieutenant,  obtained  a  grant  of  800  acres  in 
the  Baronies  of  Bunratty,  Tulla,  and  Inchiquin  in 
the  County  of  Clare,  by  a  patent  in  which  he  is  ex- 
pressly described  as  the  son  of  a  Patrick  Lysaght 
The  daughters  and  co-heiresses  of  this  William  were 
married  as  before  mentioned,  ante^  p.  84.  Besides 
this  Lieutenant,  a  Thomas  '  Lycett '  held  the  same 
rank  In  Colonel  Carroll's  Dragoons. 

In  the  before  mentioned  churchyard  of  Ballyclogh, 
County  of  Cork,  is  a  handsome  monument  to  the 
memory  of  the  above  John  Lysaght,  styled  of  Mount- 
north,  Lord  Lisle,  and   to  his  wife  Catherine,  who 

died  before  him. In  the  year  1780,  another  John 

Lysaght,  styled  of  Brick-hill,  died  at  Mallow;  he  was 
the  father  of  the  facetious  Barrister  of  a  past  gene- 
ration,— Ned  Lysaght. 



This  family  was  one  of  the  earliest  English  colonists 
of  the  County  of  Wexford,  where  they  settled  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  Roscarlan,  On  the  Patent  Rolls  of 
1346,  David  Furlong  is  mentioned  as  then  a  landed 
proprietor  there  ;  \t  would  seem  indeed  he  was  the 
mitred  Abbot  of  the  noble  monastery  of  Dunbrody, 
whose  remains,  after  a  lapse  of  centuries,  are  still 
strikingly  interesting.  About  his  time  a  Carmelite 
House  was  founded  and  endowed  at  Hoartown,  in  the 
same  County,  by  a  Furlong.  In  the  Parliament  of 
1585,  Patrick  Furlong  was  one  of  the  Representatives 
of  the  borough  of  Wexford ;  and  at  the  Supreme  Council 
of  Kilkenny,  Mark  Furlong,  described  as  of  Wexford, 
was  one  of  the  Commons.  This  Mark,  it  would  seem, 
was  the  same  gratefully  named  in  the  Declaration  of 
Royal  gratitude  of  1662,  for  subsequent  services 
*  beyond  the  seas.' 

Besides  this  Lieutenant  Joseph,  James  Furlong  was 
a  Quarter-Master  in  Lord  Tyrconnel's  Horse.  Yet 
neither  of  the  names  appears  in  the  Outlawries  of 
1691,  which  do  mention  David  Furlong  of  Bannow, 
Nicholas  of  Kilcavan,  Michael  of  Brown-castle,  and 
Walter  of  Coole-Hall.  The  lands  of  the  latter  were 
in.  1703  purchased  from  the  Trustees  of  the  Forfeited 
Estates  by  George  Saville. 

Ware,  in  his  'Writers  of  Ireland,'  makes  mention 
of  a  White  Furlong,  bom  in  Wexford,  a  student  in 



Oxford,  and  subsequently  a  priest  and  author ;  while 
in  later  years  Thomas  Furlong  of  the  same  County 
was  a  poet,  whose  talents,  out  of  Ireland,  might  have 
been  encouraged  into  high  repute.  He  was  one  of 
the  principal  translators  engaged  in  that  national  com- 
pilation of  Mr.  Hardiman,  "  the  Irish  Minstrelsy," — 
the  songs  of  Carolan  having  been  assigned  for  his  trans- 
lation. Dying  in  1827,  at  the  age  of  33  years,  he 
was  buried  at  Drumcondra,  near  the  monument  of 
Francis  Grose  the  Antiquarian.* 


The  Sept  of  O'Hehir  was  in  earliest  time  noticed  as 
territorially  located  at  Magh-Adhair,  a  district  of  Clare 
lying  between  Ennis  and  TuUa.  In  a  battle  fought 
in  1094,  at  Fenagh,  in  the  County  of  Leitrim,  between 
Eoderic  O'Conor  with  his  adherents  of  the  Siol-Murry, 
and  the  people  of  Thomond  and  West  Connaught,  in 
which  Roderic  was  victorious,  Aulaffe  O'Hehir  was 
slain  ;  while  the  Four  Masters  notice  at  1099  the 
death  of  Donogh  O'Hehir,  as  then  Lord  of  Magh- 
Adhair.  Soon  after,  however,  this  Sept  were  driven 
hence  by  the  Macnamaras,  westward  to  Hy-Cormaic, 
a  tract  lying  between  Slieve  Callan  and  the  town  of 

The  name  does  not  appear  on  the  Attainders  of 
1642,  but  the  clause  of  Royal  gratitude  in  the  Act  of 

♦  D'Alton's  County  of  Dublin,  p.  247 

clake's  dragoons.  339 

Settlement  includes  Ensign  Turlogh  O'Hehir,  de- 
scribed as  of  Balame  in  that  County.  Adherents,  as 
this  family  were  of  the  O'Briens,  the  present  Army 
List,  besides  the  above  Lieutenant  Patrick,  presents 
Teigue  O'Hehir,  an  Ensign  in  Colonel  Charies 
O'Bryan's  Regiment  of  Infantry ;  while,  still  following 
the  fortunes  of  the  dethroned  Stuart  under  the 
O'Bryan  guidance,  Captain  Hehir  was  one  of  those  in 
Clare's  Regiment  of  Dragoons,  wounded  at  the  battle  of 
Lauffield  village  in  1747. 


This  Officer  was  of  Ardclogh  in  the  County  of  Wick- 
low,  as  was  also  Thomas  Bedford  an  Ensign  in  the 
Earl  of  Tyrone's  Infantry,  and  a  Dennis  Bedford 
attainted  at  the  same  time,  all  of  whom  are  described 
in   the   Inquisitions   for  their  outlawry   as  of  this 

locality. The  name  is  of  record  in  the  Irish  Rolls 

of  Chancery  from  Edward  the  First. 


This  name  is  not  repeated  on  the  Army  List,  nor  does 
it  at  all  appear  on  the  Attainders.  It  is  traced  in  the 
later  records  of  Cork  ;  as  that  of  *  Pery '  is  from  an 
earlier  period  in  Limerick ;  where,  in  the  middle  of 
the  last  century,  flourished  the  Bight  Honourable 

z  2 


Edmund  Sexton  Pery,  by  whose  influence  that  City 
of  the  Sieges  was,  though  not  until  the  year  1760,  de- 
clared  by  government  to  be  no  longer  a  fortress ;  and 
its  walls  were  thereupon  levelled,  new  approaches 
made  to  it,  and  a  new  bridge  and  spacious  quays  were 


This  name  is  traceable  in  tlie  Local  and  Family  Hist- 
ory  of  the  Counties  of  Galway  and  Kilkenny,  from  a 
very  early  period,  and  subsequently  in  Cork.  Alured, 
Prior  of  the  House  of  Inistiogue,  County  of  Kilkenny, 
assigned  in  1218  to  the  Abbey  of  St.  Thomas  of  Dub- 
lin, a  moiety  of  the  Churches  of  Kilcormack  and  Tul- 
laghbarry,  with  which  his  house  had  been  previously 
endowed  by  Stephen  Archdekin,  Knight ;  who  on  this 
occasion  confirmed  the  transfer.  In  1309,  *  Maurice 
le  Ercedekne'  had  livery  of  his  estates  in  Ireland,  a 
short  time  previous  to  which  John  le  Ercedekne, 
Maurice  le  Ercedekne,  Sylvester  and  William  le 
Ercedekne  were  summoned,  as  *  Fideles '  of  Ireland, 
to  the  Scottish  wars.  And  in  1435,  John  Archde- 
kin, a  citizen  and  merchant  of  Dublin,  was  permitted 
to  sue  out  a  '  quietus '  from  being  thenceforth  sum- 
moned on  Juries.  In  1585,  Robert  '  Archdeacon'  was 
one  of  the  Representatives  of  Ennistiogue  in  Perrot's 

Parliament. In  King  James's  Charter  of  1687,  to 

Kilkenny,  John  Archdekin,  merchant,  was  one  of  the 

glare's  dragoons.  341 

Aldermen  ;  John  Archdekin,  junior,  merchant,  She- 
riff, and  Peter  Archdekin,  Chamberlain.  The  aforesaid 
Alderman  John  was  in  1689  elected  by  this  body 
Mayor  of  their  City. 

Besides  the  above  Nicholas,  Redmond  'Archdeacon' 
was  a  Lieutenant  in  Lord  Galway's  Infantry.  The 
former,  according  to  the  description  on  the  Inquisi- 
tion of  Outlawry  in  1691,  was  of  the  County  of  Cork, 
yet  he  is  shown  on  record  to  have  been  seized  of  lands 
in  Galway,  which  were  the  subject  of  a  marriage  set- 
tlement in  1699;  while  Redmond  is  styled  on  his 
Attainder  as  of  Tristane,  County  of  Galway.  There 
were  also  attainted  with  them  in  1691,  James  Arch- 
deacon of  Kilmosheer,  Henry  Archdeacon  of  the  City 
of  Cork,  merchant,  and  John  Archdeacon  of  Monks- 
town,  in  the  same  County,  at  which  latter  place  the 
castle  was  erected  by  one  of  said  John's  progenitors. 


The  Mac  Clanchys  were  a  Sept  of  the  Dal-Cassian 
stock,  hereditary  Brehons  or  Judges  of  Thomond, 
under  the  O'Bryans  its  Princes ;  while  another  family 
of  the  name  were  Lords  of  Dartry  and  Rosclogher,  in 
West  Brefney  (Leitrim).  The  Declaration  of  Royal 
gratitude  in  1662,  for  '  services  beyond  the  seas,'  in- 
cludes Captain  Murtough  Clanchy  of  Castlekeale, 
County  of  Clare ;  while  on  this  Army  List,  besides 


Comet  Thomas,  John  *  Clancy '  was  a  Lieutenant  in 
the  Royal  Infantry. 

The  Attainders  of  1691  name  Murtough  and 
James  Clancy  of  Knocklane,  Beetum  Clancy  of  Cor- 
ringer,  and  Boetius  Clancy  of  Glancun,  all  in  the 
County  of  Clare.  At  the  Court  of  Chichester  House 
in  1700,  Connor  Clancey  claimed  a  freehold  in  a  small 
estate  of  Lord  Clare  ; — allowed. 


This  surname,  probably  identical  with  Harford,  is  not 
found  again  on  the  List,  nor  at  all  on  the  Attainders. 
A  family  of  the  latter  spelling  existed  in  the  County 
of  Dublin  in  the  last  century. 


The  Milesian  surname  of  O'Bohilly,  O'Bohill,  O'Boyle, 
is  of  early  record,  as  well  on  the  native  annals  as  on 
the  Rolls  of  the  Irish  Chancery.  In  1099,  Canlam- 
rach  O'Boyle  was  Bishop  of  Armagh,  as  was  Cineath 
O'Boyle  of  Clogher  in  1135.  In  1301,  during  the 
vacancy  of  the  See  of  Cashel,  the  King  presented 
John  O'Boghill  to  the  Vicarage  of  Calveston,  within 
that  Diocese  ;  while  in  1318  Dionysius  O'Boghill  sued 
out  a  patent  for  pardon  and  protection,  and  in  1597 

*  Rolls  in  Cane.  Ilib. 

glabe's  dragoons.  843 

Niall  O'Boyle  was  Bishop  of  Raphoe.  Of  the  particu- 
lar individual,  however,  here  in  commission,  nothing 
has  been  ascertained,  nor  of  his  family. 


This  Sept  possessed  the  territory  in  the  County  of 
Clare  now  known  as  the  Parish  of  Dysart,  in  the 
Barony  of  Inchiquin,  and  within  it  had  many  castles, 
of  which  some  ruins  still  remain.  Branches  of  the 
family  had  also  settled  in  Cork  and  Tipperary.  So 
e^rly  as  1151  the  Four  Masters  record  that  when  at 
Moinmore,  a  place  which  lies  between  Cork  and  the 
Blackwater,  a  battle  was  fought  to  establish  the  right 
to  the  sovereignty  of  Munster,  (claimed  as  vested 
in  the  O'Brien  succession),  no  less  than  nine  of  the 
Sept  of  O'Dea  were  slain.  Again,  in  1318  occurred 
the  battle  of  Dysart-O'Dea,  where  Sir  Robert  de  Clare 
was  slain  by  Conor  O'Dea,  the  warlike  Prince  of 
Cineal-Fermain,*  a  country  of  ancient  Thomond  in 
the  County  of  Clare.  In  1415,  Dionysius  O'Dea, 
precentor  in  the  Cathedral  of  Limerick,  sued  out  a 
licence  to  absent  himself  from  his  dignity  for  five 
years,  and  place  himself  in  the  schools  of  Oxford  or 
Cambridge,  receiving  there,  however,  during  that  in- 
terval, the  profits  of  his  precentorship  :f  he  was  subse- 

♦  Vallancey's  Collect.  Hib.  vol.  1,  p.  617. 
t  Rot.  Pat.  2  Hen.  5,  in  Cane.  Hib. 

344  KING  James's  ibish  asmt  list. 

quently  raised  to  the  See  of  Ossory.  Cornelius  O'Dea 
died  Bishop  of  Limerick  in  1426,  while  another  Cor- 
nelius  O'Dea  was  the  first  Prelate  appointed  to  the 
See  of  Killaloeby  Henry  VIII.  in  1546  ;  his  predeces- 
sor, James  O'Corren,  having  then  resigned  "  for  the 
sake  of  retirement  and  living  private.''*  At  the 
Court  of  Chichester  House,  John  O'Dea  was  a  claim- 
ant  for  a  freehold  in  Clare,  on  Lord  Clare's  confisca- 
tions ; — allowed. 




CorneU.              i 

Th   Colonel. 


Edward  Moclare, 


OliTcr  Grace. 

Charles  Geoghegan. 

Charles  Lucas. 

Adam  Kennigs. 

Christopher  Quinn, 

,  Thomas  Bourke. 

Thomas  Ducken- 

Henry  Morley. 

Christopher  Tyrrell. 


Sir  Edward  TyrreU. 

John  Perkins. 

Qua  rter-  Masters. 


An  Inquisition  taken  in  1687  finds  that  Thomas  Lut- 
trell  of  Luttrelstown  died  about  fourteen  years  pre- 

*  Ware's  Bishops. 

luttrell's  dragoons.  345 

vious,  seized  of  upwards  of  2,500  acres  in  the  County 
of  Dublin,  with  the  Rectories  of  Clonsillagh,  Duna- 
bate,  and  Knockraddy,  and  that  this  Simon  Luttrell 
was  his  son  and  heir  ;  and  as  so  much  has  been 
written  of  the  Luttrell  family,  ante,  p.  189,  &c.,  the 
notices  here  shall  be  confined  to  him.  When  Tyrcon- 
nel  repaired  to  Cork  to  receive  King  James  on  his 
landing,  this  Simon  (who  had  previously,  as  before 
mentioned,  antej  p.  61,  been  the  Lieutenant-Colonel 
of  the  Hon.  Thomas  Newcomen's  Infantry),  was 
appointed  Governor  of  Dublin,  with  an  adequate  Gar- 
rison.* Such  he  continued  to  be  when  James 
made  his  entry  into  that  City ;  and,  in  the  Parlia- 
ment convened  there  inimediately  after,  he  repre- 
sented the  County  of  Dublin.  In  June,  1690,  when 
James  heard  that  his  rival  was  marching  to  confront 
him,  he  committed  Dublin  to  the  more  especial  charge 
of  Colonel  Simon  Luttrell,  intending  himself  to  pene- 
trate northwards  to  Dundalk,  preserving  the  harvest 
of  the  County  of  Louth  behind  him.f  After  the  de- 
feat at  the  Boyne,  when  Berwick  collected  a  body  of 
the  routed  Army  at  Brazeel,  near  Swords,  King 
James  at  his  instance  sent  out  from  Dublin  six  troops 
of  this  Colonel's  Dragoons,  to  cover  the  Duke's  retreat 
into  the  City.  He  afterwards,  when  determined  to 
fly  from  Ireland,  ordered  this  Officer  to  march  to 
Leixlip  with  all  the  forces  in  town,  except  two  troops 
of  his  own  Regiment  of  Horse,  of  which  this  Army 

♦  Clarke's  Mem.  Jac.  2,  v.  2,  p.  378. 
t  D' Alton  8  Drogbeda,  v.  2,  p.  316. 

346  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

List  affords  no  details,  but  which  he  kept  to  attend 
upon  himself  if  necessitated  to  fly.*  After  the  de- 
parture of  his  Sovereign,  however,  Colonel  Simon, 
true  to  the  interest  of  the  self-exiled  James,  returned 
to  Dublin,  and  did  not  retire  from  the  trust  which 
had  been  reposed  in  him,  until  dusk.f  (A  Narcissus 
Luttrel,  it  may  be  remarked,  was  about  this  time  in 
King  William's  service,!  while  a  Spottiswode  Luttrel 
commanded  an  independent  troop  for  James  after  the 
Boyne  §)  When  the  Irish  party  at  Limerick,  opposed 
to  Tyrconnel,  despatched  their  deputation  to  the  King 
at  St.  Germains,  Colonel  Simon  was  associated  therein, 
as  before  mentioned,  p.  54. 

He  was  attainted  in  1691,  as  were  also  his  wife, 
and  Thomas  Luttrell  described  as  of  Luttrelstown, 
and  Robert  Luttrel  of  Simonstown,  County  of  Kil- 
dare.  That  wife,  Katherine,  became  a  widow  before 
the  sitting  of  the  Court  of  Claims  in  1700,  where  she 
preferred  a  memorial  for  her  jointure  off  his  estates  in 
the  Counties  of  Dublin  and  Kildare,  which  was 
allowed  her ;  while  his  brother,  Colonel  Henry, 
claimed  an  estate  tail  therein  ;  but  his  petition  was 
postponed,  as  pending  already  before  Parliament. 
Margaret  Luttrel,  spinster,  also  sought  and  was 
allowed  a  remainder  for  years  in  Meath  lands  of  said 
Colonel  Simon.      By  the  Articles  of  Limerick  it  was 

♦  Clarke's  James  II.  vol.  2»  p.  402. 
t  O'Callaghan  8  Excid,  Mac.  p.  868. 
I  Rawdon  Papers,  p.  419. 
§  Singer  s  Correspondence,  v.  2,  p.  514. 

luttrell's  dragoons.  347 

agreed  that  this  Simon  Luttrell,  together  with  Mau- 
rice Eustace  of  Yeomanstown,  and Chevers  of 

Mayestown,  commonly  called  'Viscount  Leinster,'  (who 
are  stated  then  to  belong  to  the  Regiments  in  the 
garrisons  and  quarters  of  the  Irish  Army  beyond  the 
seas,  sent  thither  upon  the  affairs  of  their  respective 
Regiments,  or  of  the  Army  in  general),  should  have 
the  benefit  thereof,  provided  they  returned  within 
eight  months,  submitted  to  King  William's  govern- 
ment, and  took  the  oath  of  allegiance.*  Simon  did 
not,  however,  avail  himself  of  this  proffered  amnesty  ; 
but,  remaining  in  France,  became  there  Colonel  of 
the  '  Queen's  Regiment  of  Guards,'  of  which  Francis 
Wauchop  was  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  James  O'Brien 
Major.f  He  died  in  September,  1698,  as  recorded 
on  his  monument  in  the  Chapel  of  the  Irish  College 
at  Paris,  and  left  no  issue  to  represent  him.J 
O'Conor  commemorates  him  as  an  Officer  of  great  in- 
tegrity, who  followed  faithfully  the  fortune  of  King 
James,  and  forfeited  his  estates  in  that  cause.  The 
same  historian  says  that  at  the  battle  of  Marsiglia,  in 
1693,  his  Lieutenant-Colonel,  at  the  head  of  2,600 
Irishmen,  was  posted  in  the  centre  of  Catinat's  line, 
and  that  in  assuring  this  victory,  these  Irish  had  a 
principal  share;  their  leader,  Wauchop,  however,  fell 
on  the  field.§ 

♦  Harleian  MSS.  v.  7,  p.  490. 

t  Fitzgerald's  Limerick,  v.  2,  p.  374. 

t  O'Callaghan  8  Irish  Brigades,  vol.  1,  p.  203. 

§  O'Conor  8  Military  Memoirs,  v.  1,  pp.  219,  222. 


In  1696,  Colonel  Simon  LuttrelFs  glebe  land  was 
granted  to  Walter  Delamer  in  trust,*  while  several  im- 
propriate  Rectories  and  Tithes,  of  which  he  had  been 
seized,  were  granted  by  the  Commissioners  to  the  Trus- 
tees for  augmenting  poor  livings,  &c.;  and  at  Chiches- 
ter House  in  1700,  many  claims  were  preferred  and 
some  allowed  affecting  his  lands  in  the  Counties  of 
Dublin,  Kildare,  and  Meath,  and  his  house  property 
in  Dublin  City. 


The  Moclares  were  a  family  very  widely  spread  over 
Tipperary  in  the  time  of  Queen  Elizabeth.  It  does 
not  appear,  however,  of  what  County  this  Major  was 
a  native  ;  while  in  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's  Infantry 
John  Moclare  was  a  Captain,  and  James  Moclare  an 
Ensign.  The  Attainders  of  1691  present  the  names 
of  James  Moclare,  Knight,  of  Dublin  ;  and  a  Jeflfry 
*  Mockler '  was  the  forfeiting  occupant  of  lands  in  the 
Barony  of  Tulla,  County  of  Clare,  which  were  claimed 
in  1703,  and  allowed  to  be  the  estate  in  fee  of  Sir 
Arthur  Gore,  then  a  minor. 


This  Officer  is  described  in  the  Inquisition  of  At- 
tainder as  of  Longwood,  County  of  Meath  ;  as  is  also 

♦  Harris's  MSS.  Dub.  Soc.  v.  10,  p.  260. 

luttrell's  dragoons.  349 

a  Loftus  Duckenfield  who  was  attainted  at  the  same 
time.  The  name  no  otherwise  occurs  on  this  Army 
List,  or  in  the  Attainders.  Captain  Thomas  appears 
to  have  been  the  son  of  Colonel  William  Duckenfield, 
by  Elinor,  daughter  of  Sir  Dudley  Loftus  of  Killyan, 
who  after  his  decease  married  Sir  Edward  Tyrrell  of 
Lynn,  the  next  Captain  in  this  Regiment.  The 
early  ancestry  of  this  family  is  to  be  traced  in  Che- 
shire, where  it  enjoyed  the  honor  of  a  Baronetcy. 


Hugh  De  Lacy,  the  great  Palatine  of  Meath,  in  his 
settlement  of  that  '  Kingdom,'  as  it  was  then  yet 
designated,  gave  Castleknock  and  its  lands  accounted 
therein  to  his  namesake  Hugh  Tyrrell,  whose  descend- 
ants were  hence  long  after  styled  Barons  of  Castle- 
knock. In  1302,  Gerald  Tyrrell  and  Richard  Tyrrell 
were  two  of  the  '  Fideles  '  of  Ireland,  whose  military 
services  were  sought  by  King  Edward  for  the  war  in 
Scotland.  When,  in  fifteen  years  after,  Edward 
Bruce  led  his  rash  invasion  into  Ireland,  in  his  south- 
ward march  he  encamped  before  Castleknock,  and 
took  the  Baron  and  his  Lady  prisoners,  until  soon 
aft«r  ransomed.*  The  last  Lord  of  this  ancient  line 
was  Hugh  Tyrrell,  in  1485  ;  and,  on  his  death  with- 
out issue  male,  the  inheritance  passed  to  Christopher 

•  D'Alton's  Hist.  Dub.  p.  557. 


Bamewall  and  John   Bumell,  who  had.  respectively 
married  the  daughters  and  co-heiresses  of  the  Chief. 

During  Tyrone's  rebellion  in  1597,  a  Captain  Tyr- 
rell was  sent  into  Leinster  by  the  '  insurgents,'  with  a 
troop  of  five  hundred  men  to  excite  disaffection  in 
that  Province ;  "  a  son  of  Lord  Trimleston  was  de- 
tached with  1,000  men  to  attack  him  and  his  party; 
but  the  experience  and  address  of  the  rebel  leader 
supplied  the  deficiency  of  his  numbers,  he  gave  the 
royalists  a  total  defeat,  and  sent  their  young 
commander  a  prisoner  to  O'Neill.*  In  1600,  the 
same  Tyrrell  it  would  seem  was  an  active  adherent  of 
Desmond  in  the  Munster  war.  He  it  was  who 
defended  the  Castle  of  Cape  Clear,  and  consequently, 
in  the  Instruction  given  for  the  prosecution  of  the 
war  in  Munster,  '  Tyrrel '  is  mentioned  as  one  of  the 
*  capital  rebels'  whom  his  Lordship  (the  President) 
must  lose  no  exertion  to  take,  alive  or  dead.  A 
Funeral  Entry  of  1636,  in  the  Office  of  Arms,  records 
the  death  of  Edward  Tyrrell  of  Caverstown,  County 
of  Westmeath,  (second  son  of  Edward  Tyrrell  of  do., 
eldest  son  and  heir  of  Richard  Tyrrell  of  same  place); 
adding  that  he  married  Honora,  daughter  of  John 
Tyrrell  of  Clonmoyle  in  said  County,  by  whom  he 
had  three  sons  ;  Richard,  as  yet  unmarried,  and  two 
others  who  died  so ;  that  said  Edward  took  to  his  se- 
cond  wife,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William  Eustace  of 
Clongowes  Wood,  by  whom  he  had  a  daughter — dead. 
His  third  wife  was  Amy,  daughter  of  Richard  Sutton 

*  Leland's  Ireland,  vol.  2,  p.  354. 

luttrell's  dragoons.  351 

of  Richardstown,  County  of  Kildare  ;  by  whom  he 
had  one  son  James.  Said  first-mentioned  Edward 
Tyrrell  died  11th  May,  1636,  and  was  buried  at 
Castlelost,  County  of  Westmeath.  The  Attainders  of 
1642  comprise  the  names  of  Henry  Tyrrell  of 
Killussy,  County  of  Kildare  ;  Peter  Tyrrell  of  Ath- 
boy,  merchant ;  and  Thomas  Tyrrell  of  do.,  with 
many  others  of  the  name  in  Westmeath.*  In  the 
same  year  Colonel  Monk,  afterwards  celebrated  as  the 
Duke  of  Albemarle,  took  Castleknock  and  put  many 
of  the  garrison  to  the  sword ;  but  in  November,  1647, 
Owen  Eoe  O'Neill  retook  this  old  fortress  from  the 
Republicans.  In  this  latter  year,  Thomas  Tyrrell  of 
Kilbride  was  of  the  Supreme  Council  at  Kilkenny  ; 
he  was  therefore,  in  Cromwell's  Act  of  1652,  excepted 
firom  pardon  for  life  and  estate  ;  but,  by  the  Act  of 
Explanation  in  1665,  was  restored  to  his  seat  and 
three  thousand  acres. 

In  particular  reference  to  this  Captain  Sir  Edward 
Tyrrel,  the  Earl  of  Clarendon,  writing  to  the  Earl  of 
Rochester,  says,  "  On  Saturday  last  in  the  evening, 
one  Mr.  Edward  Tyrrell  of  the  County  of  Meath 
brought  me  the  King's  letter  for  creating  him  a  Baro- 
net. He  is  a  very  old  man,  and  it  were  to  be 
wished  His  Majesty  had  good  accounts  of  men  before 
he  conferred  marks  of  honor  upon  them,  which  he 

*  On  the  Westmeath  Forfeitures  of  this  Civil  war  and  the 
several  patentees  thereof,  the  Book  of  Survey  and  Distribution 
in  that  County  has  been  recently  copied,  compared,  and 
printed^  to  the  extent  of  126  folios,  beautifully  executed  by  John 
Charles  Lyons,  Esq.  of  Ladiston,  a  Deputy  Lieutenant  there. 


may  very  easily  have  if  he  pleaseth,  and  still  do  what  he 
has  a  mind  to.  This  gentleman's  father  was  a  law- 
yer and  a  Roman  Catholic  ;  what  religion  he  was  of 
in  the  time  of  the  Usurper  nobody  can  tell,  but  he 
was  employed  by  them  to  make  a  Survey  of  the 
County  of  Meath,  which  he  did  most  exactly ;  therein 
discovering  all  the  secrets  with  which  he  was 
entrusted.  His  estate  was  very  small.  This  gentle- 
man has  much  improved  it,  as  he  says  that  he  bought 
of  new  title  from  soldiers,  adventurers,  and  *  49  '  in- 
terest, to  the  value  of  about  £700  per  annum  ;  of 
which  it  is  said  he  owes  £5,000,  and  is  incumbered 

with  variety  of  lawsuits He  is  of  any  or  no  re- 

ligion,  sometimes  a  Roman  Catholic,  sometimes  a 
Protestant."*  In  the  Pariiament  of  1689,  this  in- 
dividual  sat  as  one  of  the  Representatives  for  the 
Borough  of  Belturbet,  and  there  appear  of  his  name, 
and  possibly  kindred,  on  this  Army  List,  John 
Tyrrell,  a  Captain  in  the  King's  Own  Foot ;  Walter 
Tyrrell  in  Fitz-James's  ;  and  Simon  '  Turrill,'  a  Lieu- 
tenant in  Colonel  Robert  Clifford's  Dragoons.  On 
the  7th  of  April,  1690,  King  James,  'reposing  great 
trust  and  confidence  in  the  honesty  and  diligence, 
care  and  circumspection  of  our  trusty  and  well- 
beloved  Sir  Edward  Tyrrell,'  appointed  him  supervisor 
of  the  Counties  of  Cork,  Waterford,  and  Kerry  ;  with 
powers  to  prevent  or  punish  frauds,  neglects,  and  mis- 
demeanours there  ;  "  to  preserve  our  woods,  houses, 
and  parks,  and  to  view  our  fortifications  within  the 

*  Singer's  Corresp.  of  Lord  Clarendon,  &c.,  v.  1,  p.  883. 

luttrell's  dragoons.  353 

same,  and  execute  all  necessary  repairs."*  In  the 
King's  ecclesiastical  appointments  of  4th  June,  1690, 
Doctor  Philip  Tyrrell  was  one  of  those  whom  His 
Majesty  presented  to  the  Rectories  of  Lynn  and 
Moylesker  in  the  County  of  Westmeath  ;  while  Doc- 
tor John  Tyrrell  was  at  the  same  time  presented  to 
those  of  Kilmetsan  and  Galtoon,  and  another  John 
Tyrrel  to  the  Rectory  of  Rathconnel,  all  in  said 
County.f  It  may  be  observed  that  amongst  the 
Roman  Catholic  Prelates,  whom  King  James  immedi- 
ately after  his  accession  recommended  to  the  protec- 
tion of  the  Earl  of  Clarendon,  were  Doctor  Patrick 
Tyrrell,  R.C.  Bishop  of  Clogher  and  Kilmore,  with 
Doctor  Dominick  Maguire,  the  R.C.  Primate  of 
Armagh,  and  the  other  Irish  Roman  Catholic  Pre- 
lates. The  first  Doctor  Tyrrell  was  Secretary  to  Lord 
Tyrconnel,  and  amongst  papers  of  his  that  were  taken 
by  King  William's  party,  was  that  Lord's  *  occult  ono- 
matographie,'  to  which  was  a  key  on  a  separate  sheet, 
in  which  Ireland  was  designated  Barbadoes,  &c.| 

There  were  of  this  name  attainted  in  1691,  the 
above  Captain  Edward  of  Longwood,  Baronet,  with 
nine  of  the  name  in  the  County  of  Westmeath,  and 
three  in  other  parts  of  the  country.§     At  the  Court  of 

♦  Harris's  MSS.  Dub.  Soc.  v.  10,  p.  143. 

t  De  Burgo,  Hib.  Dom.  p.  20. 

}  Thorpe's   Catal.  Southwell  MSS.  p.  183. 

§  Hitherto  the  •  Illustrations '  in  this  Work  have  been 
extended  to  details,  which  it  is  thought  prudent  henceforth  to 
abridge  as  above.  In  cases,  where  no  particular  interest  has 
been  evinced,  they  might  be  only  irksome  to  the  public  at  large. 


354  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

Claims,  Gabriel  Tyrrell  claimed  an  estate  tail  especial 
in  County  of  Westmeath  lands  forfeited  by  Francis 
Tyrrell,  but  his  petition  was  dismist ;  as  was  also  a 
claim  of  fiichard  Tyrrel  for  a  remainder  of  41  years 
leasehold,  in  the  lands  forfeited  by  Sir  Edward  Tyrrell. 
The  witness  to  this  conveyance  was  Thomas  Ducken* 
field,  probably  the  preceding  Captain.  The  daughter 
of  ^is  Sir  Edward  was  a  Protestant,  and,  marrying 
Sir  John  Edgeworth,  another  Protestant,  Longwood 
passed  into  the  latter  family,  in  which  it  remained 
unaffected  by  the  penal  laws. 


This  Officer  seems  to  have  been  akin  to  another 
Charles  Lucas,  the  nephew  of  Sir  Charles  Lucas  who 
was  shot  in  1648,  by  the  Parliament  army,  on  the  sur- 
render  of  Colchester.  This  nephew  was  ennobled  by 
the  title  of  Lord  Lucas,  had  a  pension  of  £500  per 
ann.  on  the  Establishment  of  1687-8,  and  was,  by 
warrant  of  the  Lords  assembled  at  Guildhall,  Decem- 
ber 11th,  1688,  the  day  before  James  the  Second  fled 
from  the  palace  of  Whitehall,  appointed  Constable  of 
the  Tower  of  London.  In  1661,  Edward  Lucas,  who 
seems  to  have  been  of  the  Monaghan  lineage,  was  ap- 
pointed a  Sub-Commissioner  for  putting  in  execution 
the  King's  Declaration  for  the  Settlement  of  Ireland ; 
while  in  later  years  flourished  in  Ireland  a  namesake 
of  the  lieutenant,  the  well-known  Dr.  Charles  Lucas, 

luttrell's  dragoons. 


commemorated  by  a  fine  marble  statue  in  the  Royal 
Exchange,  now  the  Town-hall  of  Dublin. 


None  of  these  names  is  repeated  on  the  Army  List, 
nor  noted  in  the  Outlawries  of  1691.  A  family  of 
the  *  Morieys '  had  been  settled  at  Feltrim,  in  the 
County  of  Dublin;  and  in  the  minutes  of  the  Courts- 
martial  held  by  the  Usurping  Power  in  1651,  &c., 
appears  the  name  of  Humphrey  Morley^i  tried  at  Naas 

on  the  27th  October,  1652, A  family  of  the  name 

of  Perkins  was  about  the  same  time  settled  at  Ath- 




ComeU.            Quarter.3faster8. 

The  Gokmel. 




Gonnell  FerralL 

Oarberry  Bryan. 

Christopher  Ferrall.     Daniel  Griffin. 

HflBzy  GroAon. 

Myles  M«Dennott. 

John  Crofton, 

Tflfvnoe  Gogfalan. 

Robert  Caaack. 

Mnet  D'AltoD. 

Simon  TerrilL 

William  Smith. 

Jamei  Fitigerald. 

William  Clifford. 

Henrj  Clifford. 

Simoa  Wjrw. 

John  Maciuwj. 

Thomaa  Barton. 

Chriatopher  Fitz- 

AA  2 

356  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 


The  name  of  De  CliflFord  is  traced  on  Irish  records  from 
the  time  of  Henry  the  Third.  In  1227,  Simon  Clif- 
ford  granted  an  annuity  of  forty  shillings  (no  very 
small  sum  at  the  time)  to  the  Abbey  which  he  had 
refounded  at  Durrow,  in  the  King's  County.  The 
religious  house  which  previously  existed  there  had 
been  dilapidated  by  Sir  Hugh  de  Lacy,  as  before 
mentioned,  in  1175.  In  1282,  William  de  CliflFord 
was  Bishop  of  Emly  ;  and  in  1374,  Sir  Thomas  Clif- 
ford  was  summoned  to  a  Parliament  held  in  Dublin. 
In  1597,  Sir  Conyers  CliflFord  was  governor  of  Con- 
naught;  and  ih  1600,  Sir  Alexander  CliflFord  had  the 
command  of  150  men  in  the  Munster  war.  Story,  in 
his  Impartial  History^  alluding  to  the  movements  of 
King  William's  army,  relates  that  on  the  31st  Decem- 
ber, 1690,  three  Regiments  of  the  Irish,  coming  down 
to  the  Shannon  at  the  Connaught  side  near  Lanes- 
borough,  "Colonel  CliflFord  and  the  other  Irish  officers 
drank  healths  over  to  our  men,  and  those  on  our  side 
returned  the  compliment."  In  May,  1691,  says  the 
same  historian.  Captain  Johnston,  at  the  head  of  100 
men,  surprised  near  Ballinamona  in  the  King's  County 
two  troops  of  CliflFord's  Dragoons  and  a  party  of  Lord 
Merrion's  Horse.  In  three  months  after,  at  the  time 
of  the  death  of  Tyrconnel,  as  Harris  suggests,*  the 
Irish  began  to  be  jealous  of  Brigadier  CliflFord,  (as  in 
truth  they  had  some  reason)  but,  in  consequence  of 

♦  Life  of  King  WiU.  8,  p.  887. 


the  disunion  among  the  principal  officers,  he  was 
continued  in  the  command  of  1,500  horse  to  guard 
the  passes  of  the  Shannon  ;  and  in  confirmation  of  the 
justice  of  that  jealousy,  the  writer  adds  that  "  when 
the  besiegers  had  finished  a  bridge  into  the  island  of 
Limerick,  and  Colonel  Matthews'  (Williamite)  Dra- 
goons  began  to  pass  over  it.  Brigadier  Clifford  was 
posted  near  the  place  of  passage  with  four  Regiments 
of  Dragoons,  who  did  not  seem  very  forward,  though 
they  marched  down  on  foot  and  pretended  to  give 

opposition He  was  of  the  moderate  party  who 

were  inclined  to  put  an  end  to  the  war."*  Colonel 
O'Kelly,  in  reference  to  this  inertness,  states  circum- 
stances  which  clearly  establish  that  Clifford,  if  innocent 
of  treachery,  was  at  least  guilty  of  unpardonable 
neglect-t  "He  (says  the  Colonel)  was  an  Irishman  by 
birth,  his  grandfather  being  of  a  noble  family  in  Eng- 
land who  came  to  Ireland  in  Queen  Elizabeth's  days  ; 
he  professed  the  Roman  Catholic  religion  ;  was  vain, 
of  shallow  parts,  of  no  great  conduct ;  and,  thoUgh  it 
cannot  be  positively  averred  he  was  a  traitor,  yet  it 
was  not  prudent  in  Sarsfield  to  entrust  him  with  such 
a  post,  as  he  knew  him  to  be  a  creature  of  Tyrconnel's, 
to  be  malcontent,  and  very  unfortunate  in  all  his 
undertakings ;  and  Sarsfield  was  earnestly  desired, 
on  the  morning  before  that  fatal  night,  by  O'Kelly 
himself  (as  the  Colonel  relies),  for  whose  opinion  he 
always  seemed  to  have  a  great  value,  either  to  come 

♦  life  of  King  WUl.  3,  p.  846. 
t  Excid.  Mac,  p.  151,  &c. 


in  person  from  Limerick  to  command  at  those  passes, 
or,  if  he  could  not  come  himself,  to  send  Wauchop 
thither ;  otherwise  that  the  enemy  would  come  over 
and  besiege  the  town  on  both  sides  ;  but  there  was 
some  fatality  in  the  matter." 

The  Earl  of  Westmeath  (whose  Regiment  of  In- 
fantry is  hereafter  alluded  to),  writing  to  Harris,  the 
compiler  of  the  Life  of  William  the  Third,  on  22nd 
August,  1749,  further  confirms  by  his  experience 
Clifford's  great  neglect: — "This  Brigadier  commanded 
where  the  bridge  was  laid  over,  and  by  a  very  great 
neglect  he  made  no  opposition  to  it.  He  was  for 
that  neglect  confined  in  the  Castle  [of  Limerick],  and 
I  believe,  if  the  Articles  were  not  made,  he  must  of 
course  be  condemned  by  a  Court  Martial.  I  had  a 
Regiment  of  Horse,  and  we  were  encamped  on  a 
mountain  within  three  miles  of  the  bridge,  and  the 
body  consisted  of  3,000  horse  commanded  by  General 
Sheldon  ;  and,  on  his  hearing  an  account  of  Ginkle's 
having  laid  a  bridge  over  the  Shannon,  and  that  a 
great  number  both  of  Horse  and  Foot  had  passed  it, 
he  marched  with  the  Horse  to  Sixmilebridge,  which 
we  passed,  and  marched  the  next  day  to  Clare,  where 

we  remained  till  we  made  Articles."* After  the 

Capitulation,  Clifford  was  particularly  active  in  en- 
deavouring to  bring  over  the  Irish  soldiers  to  the 
English  service,!  and  his  own  Regiment  is  represented 
as  having  exhibited  the  most  numerous  defections  to 

*  Excidium  Macariae,  p.  481. 
t  O'Conors  Milit.  Mem.  p.  188. 

Clifford's  dragoons.  859 

the  new  interest.  His  Attainder  bears  date  11th 
May,  1691,  and  he  is  thereon  described  as  Robert 
CUflFord  of  Dublin,  Esq. 


Nothing  has  been  ascertained  of  this  evidently  Scotch 
officer,  though  information  hss  been  sought  from  the 
Baronet  of  Coul,  in  Rossbire,  of  whose  ancestry  it  is 
conjectured  he  was. 


The  Principality  of  this  illustrious  Irish  Sept  was 
Annaly,  covering  a  large  portion  of  the  present  County 
of  Longford ;  and,  from  the  earliest  use  of  surnames 
in  Ireland,  the  achievements,  succession,  and  obits  of 
their  Tanists  or  Captains,  the  many  religious  houses 
they  founded,  and  the  castles  they  erected,  are 
recorded  in  the  native  annals.  They  have  been 
Bishops  and  Abbots  of  the  highest  rank,  and,  although 
located  on  the  debateable  borders  of  the  Pale,  have 
intermarried  with  the  noblest  houses  of  the  English 
Settlers.  The  Four  Masters  relate  that  Gildas  O'Fer- 
ral,  leader  of  the  Annaly  Sept,  Chief  Arbitrator  of 
Ireland,  died  in  1141  at  an  advanced  age.  In  1203, 
Amalgaid  OTerral,  then  Abbot  of  Derry,  was  elected 


Abbot  of  lona.  Later  in  this  century  the  OTerrals 
founded  Abbey ^hrule  for  Cistercian  monks,  and  the 
friary  of  Ballynasaggard  for  Franciscans :  both  es- 
tablishments being  in  the  present  County  of  Longford. 
In  1299,  Florence  OTerral  died  Bishop  of  Emly, 
and  Ueft  behind  him  a  great  reputation  for  his  alms- 
deeds,  hospitality,  and  other  good  works.,*  In  1314, 
GeflFrey  OTerral  of  *  Montravy '  was  summoned  by 
King  Edward  to  the  Scottish  war.  In  1347,  Owen 
OTerral  succeeded  to  the  See  of  Ardagh,  as  did  Char- 
les OTerral  in  1373.  In  1400,  the  noble  Dominican 
Friary  of  Longford  was  founded  by  the  Chief,  in 
which  Cornelius  OTerral,  who  died  Bishop  of  Ardagh 
in  1424,  was  buried.  In  1486,  William  OTerraU, 
himself  the  Dynast  of  Annaly,  was  Bishop  of  Ardagh, 
and  continued  to  discharge  the  double  duties  of  the 
prelacy  and  the  Chiefry.f  In  1 541 ,  Richard  OTerrall, 
Abbot  of  Larha  and  Dynast  of  Annaly,  had  a  similar 
charge  of  the  Diocese  of  Ardagh.  In  1565,  Sir 
Henry  Sidney  first  erected  *  Annaly  of  the  OTerralls' 
into  the  Shire  of  Longford.  In  1583,  Lysach  OTer- 
ral, a  conformist,  obtained  the  See  of  Ardagh  from 
Queen  Elizabeth  ;  and  in  1587,  Thady  OTerral  was 
Bishop  of  Clonfert.  Two  years  previously,  in  Per- 
rons Parliament,  the  sept  was  represented  by  the 
Captains  of  two  diverging  lines  ;  viz.  William,  son  of 
Donal,  son  of  Cormac  OTerrall ;  and  Fachtna,  son  of 
Bryan,  son  of  Roderic,  son  of  Cathal  OTerrall ;  yet 

♦  Ware's  Bishops,  p.  271.  f  Wem,  p.  254. 


both  their  territories  were  soon  after  included  in  the 
plantation  scheme  of  James  the  First,  and  an  enquiry 
was  directed  to  ascertain  the  extent  of  their  estates. 
This  measure  almost  wholly  cast  the  Sept  out  of  their 
old  territory  ;  and  in  1610,  by  the  marriage  of  Amy, 
daughter  of  Cormac  OTerral,  with  Captain  George 
Lane,  a  portion  passed  to  that  family,  the  grandson  of 
which  marriage  was  the  first  Viscount  Lanesborough. 
The  Attainders  of  1642  comprise  the  names  of  Ge- 
raid  0' '  Farrel,'  of  Kill,  Clerk ;  Dionysius  Ferrel,  of 
Kildrought,  County  of  Kildare  ;  and  Nicholas  Farrel 
of  Kill,  merchant.  Amongst  the  Confederate  Catho- 
lies  who  were  assembled  at  Kilkenny  in  1647, 
were  Donel  OTerrall  of  Enniscorthy,  Fergus  OTer- 
rall  of  Bleamclogher,  and  Francis  OTerrall  of 
Moate. Colonel  Richard  OTerrall  was  then  a  dis- 
tinguished oflScer  in  the  service  of  Owen  Roe  O'Neill. 
The  Declaration  of  Royal  gratitude,  for  services  be- 
yond the  seas,  includes  Captain  Gerald  Ferrall,  Ensign 
John  Ferrall,  Colonel  Lewis  OTerrall,  Sir  Connell 
Ferrall  of  Tirlickin,  County  of  Longford  (who  seems 
to  be  identical  with  the  above  Captain  Connell),  with 
Charles  Ferrall,  and  Francis  Ferrall  of  Momin  in  the 
same  County.  Besides  the  above  Captain  Connell 
Ferrall,  there  are  on  this  Army  List  Fergus  Farrell  a 
Captain  in  Colonel  Richard  Nugent's  Infantry,  and 
Gerald  Farrell  a  Lieutenant,  and  Fergus  Farrell  an 
Ensign  in  Colonel  Oliver  O'Gara's  (late  Colonel  Iriell 
Farrell's).  In  the  Parliament  of  1689,  Roger  and 
Robert  Ferrall  were  the  Representatives  of  the  County 
of  Longford,  as  was  another  Roger  Ferrall  one  of 


those  for  Lanesborough.  The  above  Captain  Connell 
(or  more  correctly,  it  wotdd  seem,  Sir  Connell  Ferrall) 
was  early  advanced  to  be  a  Lientenant-Colonel ;  and 
he,  as  Mackenzie  relates,  was  in  1688  ordered  out 
firom  Boyle,  with  the  Dartry  Irish  to  the  number  of 
four  or  five  hundred,  to  oppose  the  Enniskilleners. 
He  was  afterwards  killed  at  the  siege  of  Deny,  as 
was  also  a  Captain  Ferrall.* 

The  Attainders  of  1691  present  the  names  of  eight 
of  the  Sept  in  the  County  of  Longford,  and  one  in 
each  of  the  Counties  of  Westmeath,  Roscommon, 
Tyrone,  and  the  City  of  Dublin  ;  and  at  Chiches- 
ter House  many  claims  were  made  as  attaching  on 
the  Longford  estates  of  OTerralls ;  they  are,  however, 
too  numerous  to  detail  here.  On  the  10th  of  July, 
1703,  the  Duke  of  Marlbro' wrote  to  the  Duke  of 
Ormond,  in  regard  to  an  officer  of  this  name,  "  I  give 
your  Grace  this  trouble  at  the  request  of  my  old  ac- 
quaintance Brigadier  ^  Ofiarel ;'  though  &lling  now 
under  your  Grace's  government,  I  cannot  but  recom- 
mend him  to  your  protection  ;  and  pray  that  as  he 
may  have  occasion  to  apply  himself  to  your  Grace, 
you  will  please  to  aflFord  him  your  favourable  counte- 
nance, as  well  on  account  of  his  own  merit  as  for  the 
sake  of  your  Grace's,  &.  &c.  MARLBRO'.f  Diana, 
daughter  of  this  Brigadier,  married  Francb,  after- 
wards created  Earl  of  Effingham,  from  which  union 
this  noble  house  has  sprung. 

*  Mac  Kenzie's  Siege  of  Derry,  p.  17. 

t  Murray's  Marlborough  Despatches,  v.  1,  p.  136. 


The  notice  of  this  Sept  cannot  be  closed  without 
expressing  a  regret,  that  the  compiler  has  in  vain 
sought  the  free  inspection  of  a  *  Diary '  of  the  above 
Brigadier,  where  it  is  known  to  exist. 


In  1606,  Edward  Crofton  had  a  grant  from  the  Crown 
of  several  rectories,  vicarages,  priories,  tithes, 
and  lands  in  the  Counties  of  Sligo  and  Roscommon. 
He  is  described  in  the  patent  as  Edward,  "  son  of 
John  Crofton  of  Connaught"  His  grandson  and 
namesake,  Edward  Crofton  of  Moate,  was  created  a 
Baronet,  and  married  Mary,  daughter  of  the  justly 
venerated  Sir  James  Ware.  The  above  Captain 
Henry  Crofton  was  SheriflF  of  the  County  of  Sligo  in 
1687,  and  one  of  its  Representatives  in  the  Parlia- 
ment of  1689.  He  was  attainted  in  1691,  and  from 
him  is  lineally  descended  the  present  Sir  Malby 
Crofton,  Baronet,  who  represents  the  elder  branch  of 
this  family  in  Ireland.  Another  Henry  Crofton  was 
Captain  in  the  Earl  of  Clanricarde's  Infantry,  and 
seems  to  have  been  the  Captain  Henry  adjudged 
within  -the  Articles  of  Limerick.  The  Attainders  of 
1691,  besides  this  Captain  Henry,  name  John  Crof- 
ton, described  as  of  Ruppagh,  County  of  Mayo. 



The  Sept  of  Mac  Coghlan  was  one  of  those  eligible  to 
the  dignity  of  Kings  of  Leinster,  and  at  a  very 
remote  period  was  possessed  of  Dealbhna  Eathra,  the 
present  Baitony  of  Garrycastle  in  the  King's  County. 
The  ruins'of  seven  castles  in  that  County  attest  their 
former  importance  there.  In  1134,  say  the  Four 
Masters,  died  Aodh  (Hugh),  grandson  of  Loughlin 
Mac  *Cochlan,'  Lord  of  Dealbhna  Eathra,  as  did 
Randall  Mac  Coghlan  the  Chief  in  1187,  and  Mur- 
rough  Mac  Coghlan  in  1199.  In  1213,  Melaghlin 
Mac  Coghlan,  *  Prince  of  Dealbhna,'  died  on  pilgrim- 
age  at  the  Abbey  of  Eolbeggan.  In  1386,  Conor 
Mac  Coghlan  died  the  Chief.  John  Mac  Coughlan 
was  Bishop  of  Clonmacnoise  in  1427.  In  1520,  died 
Turlough,  son  of  Phelim  Mac  Coghlan,  the  Lord  of 
Delvin,  by  whom  the  Castles  of  Feadan  and  Kincora 
were  erected. .  In  the  following  year  the  Masters 
record  a  *  dividing  of  Delvin,  by  the  authority  of  Mel- 
aghlin and  O'CarroU,  between  Ferdoragh,  the  son  of 
the  last  Mac  Coghlan,  and  his  relative  Cormac  ;'  and, 
on  the  death  of  this  Ferdoragh  in  1535,  *  Phelim,  son 
of  Meyler  Mac  Coghlan,  took  his  place.'  Cormac,  the 
tanist  of  a  moiety,  died  in  the  preceding  year,  and  in 
his  line  the  Chieftaincy  appears  to  have  been  recog- 
nbed;  at  least,  on  the  convening  oif  the  Irish  Septs 
in  Perrot's  Parliament,  this  was  represented  by  John, 
son  of  Art,  son  of  Cormac  Mac  Coghlan.  In  Decem- 
ber, 1641,  the  Marquis  of  Clanricarde  accused  the 


O'Mulloys,  Coghlans,  Geoghegans,  &c.,  of  passing  out 
of  the  King's  County  and  prejdng  over  that  of 
Galway.  In  the  following  year,  however,  he  made 
especial  mention  of  Terence  Coghlan,  then  proprietor 
of  Kilcolgan  in  the  fonner  County,  as  *  a  person  of 
great  worth  and  ability,' — '  whom  himself  confidenti- 
ally employed  ;' *  a  gentleman  of  very  good  parts 

and  ability,  and  of  a  disposition  and  integrity  suit- 
able thereto.'  The  Outlawries  of  1642  include  John 
Coghlan  of  Wicklow,  Dennod  Mac-Teigue  Coghlan  of 
Long  Island,  County  of  Cork  ;  and  Donough  Mac- 
Teigue  O'Coghlan  of  do.  In  the  Assembly  of  Confed- 
erate Catholics  (1647),  the  Reverend  Charles  Cogh- 
lan was  an  active  member ;  he  was  Vicar-General  of 
the  Diocese  of  Leighlin  ;  while  John  and  Terence 
Coghlan  were  of  the  Commons  in  that  meeting.  The 
latter  individual  appears  identical  with  this  Captain, 
who  also  sat  in  the  Parliament  of  1689  as  Represent- 
ative for  the  Borough  of  Banagher.  The  Royal 
Declaration  of  gratitude,  embodied  in  the  Act  of  Set- 
tlement for  *  services  beyond  the  seas,'  includes  Lieu- 
tenants Simon  Coghlan  and  Francis  Coghlan  of  Bel- 
clare  ;  while  the  Act  of  Explanation,  three  years 
afterwards,  restored  the  latter,  described  as  Francis 
Coghlan  of  Kilcolgan,  King^s  County,  to  his  family 
mansion  and  2,000  acres,  with  a  saving  for  Dame 
Mary,  widow  of  the  above  Terence,  in  lieu  of  her 

On  this  Army  list,  besides  Captain  Terence,  John 
*  Mc  Coghlan '  was  a    Captain    in  Lord    Galway's 


Infantry,  and  Cornelius  Coghlan  a  Lieutenant.  In 
Colonel   Heward   Oxburgh's,   John   Coghlan   was  a 

Captain,  and  Edmund  Coghlan  an   Ensign. In 

King  James's  Parliament,  Captain  Terence  and  ano- 
ther Terence  Coghlan,  probably  his  son,  represented 
Banagher  ;  and  Joseph  Coghlan  was  one  of  the  Mem- 
bers for  Trinity  College,  Dublin  ;  but,  according  to  Dr. 
King,  this  latter  having  been  a  Protestant,  would  not 
sit  out  the  Acts  of  Attainder  there  passed.  The 
Attainders  of  1691  include  Captain  Terence  Coghlan, 
four  others  of  the  County  of  Cork,  two  of  the  King's 
County,  one  of  the  Queen's  County,  and  one  olf 
Limerick.  Sundry  claims  were  made  at  Chichester 
House  as  affecting  their  confiscations,  and  some  were 

In  1704,  a  private  Act  was  passed  to  prevent  the 
disinheriting  of  Captain  Garret  Coghlan,  and  another 
in  1706  for  the  relief  of  Captain  James  Coghlan  and 
Felix  Coghlan,  the  surviving  Protestant  sons  of  John 
Coghlan,  Esq.,  they  having  petitioned  for  such  relief 
in  regard  to  some  defects  in  the  Act  of  1704.  In 
1746,  Quarter-Master  Coghlan  was  one  of  the  prison- 
ers taken  on  board  the  Bourbon  by  Commodore 

It  is  said  that  the  last  Representative  of  note  of 
this  ancient  family  was  Thomas  Mac  Coghlan,  who  was 
on§  of  the  Members  for  Banagher  in  the  Irish  Parlia- 
ment, and  died  in  1790.  In  the  year  1828,  however, 
died  in  London  Lieutenant-Colonel  Edmond  Cogh- 
lan, who  had  been  Governor  of  Chester ;  and  his 

♦  Gent.  Mag.  vol.  16,  p.  145. 


obituary  states  him  to  have  been  second  son  of  the 
late  Mr.  James  Coghlan  of  Cloghan  in  the  King's 
County,  by  Miss  Hearne  of  Hearnesbrook,  County  of 
Galway.  The  notice  adds  that  a  remnant  of  about 
£7,000  per  ann.  of  the  family  property  is  now  vested 
in  the  Honorable  Frederic  Ponsonby,  to  whom  it 
came  in  the  maternal  line  of  inheritance.  This  Officer, 
(Lieutenant-Colonel  Edmund)  was  buried  in  St. 
James's  Church,  his  only  son  and  his  brother  Colonel 
Andrew  Coghlan  being  the  chief  mourners,  and  a 
number  of  the  Members  of  the  United  Service  Club 
attending  the  obsequies.  In  six  years  after,  died  at 
Brighton  Lieutenant-General  Roger  jDoghlan,  who 
commenced  his  career  in  the  Connaught  Rangers  in 
1779 ;  he  accompanied  that  Regiment  to  Jamaica,  and 
was  afterwards  in  the  60th  at  Nova  Scotia ;  then  in  the 
66th,  in  the  134th,  and  the  82nd  ;  on  which  last  oc- 
casion he  obtained  the  rank  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  in 
1796,  and  in  1819  the  brevet  of  Lieutenant-Colonel. 


The  tradition  of  the  introduction  of  this  family  from 
France  to  Ireland,  as  preserved  in  the  Office  of  Arms, 
records  Walter  D'Alton  to  have  been  its  founder ; 
that  he  secretly  married  a  daughter  of  Louis,  King  of 
France,  and,  having  thereby  incurred  this  Monarch's 
displeasure,  fled  to  England,  whence  he  passed  with 
Henry  the  Second  on  the  invasion  of  Ireland.      He 

368  RING  James's  iRisn  army  list. 

early  acquired  possessions  in  the  Western  portion  of 
Meath,  where  he  and  liis  descendants  founded  religi- 
ous houses  and  erected  castles. 

In  1328,  the  English  forces,  including  the  D'Altons 
(who  from  the  time  of  their  settling  in  Western  Meath 
were  the  chief  bidwark  of  the  Pale  in  that  direction), 
sustained  a  dreadful  defeat  near  Mullingar  ;  when, 
according  to  the  Four  Masters,  3,500  of  their  army, 
'together  with  the  D'Altons,'  were  slain.  At  the 
siege  of  Calais  in  1346,  under  the  gallant  English 
King,  Robert  D'Alton  was  one  of  his  Knights ;  while 
in  the  Parliament  of  Westminster,  in  1376,  William 
D'Alton  sat  as  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the 
County  of  Cork.*  The  district,  however,  where  the 
name  was  first  planted,  witnessed  its  extension  so 
widely,  that,  when  in  the  time  of  Henry  the  Eighth, 
(1545)  the  western  portion  of  Meath  was  separated 
and  erected  into  a  distinct  County  by  the  title  of 
Westmeath,  a  very  large  tract  especially  described  as 
*  the  D'Alton's  Country  '  was,  with  that  alias,  consti- 
tuted the  Barony  of  Rathconrath. .  The  D'Alton  had 
previously  ranked  as  a  Palatine  Baron  thereof^  under 
an  early  grant  of  that  dignity  from  Hugh  De  Lacy ; 
and  he  and  his  descendants  adopted  the  fieur^e4i8 
on  *  their '  armorials,  as  in  right  of  the  daughter  of 
Louis.  Throughout  the  centuries  of  this  their  resi- 
dence in  Ireland,  they  supported  their  rank  and  influ- 
ence by  alliances  not  only  with  the  noble  native 
families,  but  likewise  with  the  most  illustrious  of 
Anglo-Norman  descent ;  while  in  the  progress  of  time 

*  Leland's  Ireland,  y.  1,  p.  89^   2>%^* 


members  of  the  House  branched  into  the  Counties  of 
Kilkenny,  Waterford,  and  Tipperary. 

A  Funeral  Entry  in  the  Office  of  Arms,  Dublin, 
records  the  death  in  July,  1 636,  of  John  D'Alton  of 
Dundonell,  County  of  Westmeath,  son  and  heir  of 
Hubert  D'Alton,  eldest  son  of  Henry  D' Alton,  eldest 
son  of  Edmund,  eldest  son  of  Henry,  eldest  son  of 
John,  (all  of  Dundonell)  eldest  son  of  Pierce  D'Alton 
of  Ballymore  in  said  County,  whose  death,  as  son  of 
an  elder  Pierce,  is  attributed  to  the  plague  of  1467. 
The  first  named  John  had  married  Elinor,  daughter 
of  Gerald  Dillon  of  Portlick  in  said  County,  by-whom 
he  had  five  sons ;  1st.  Garret,  married  to  Margaret 
Plunket  of  Loughcrew,  County  of  Meath  ;  2nd.  Rich- 
ard ;  3rd.  Robert ;  4th.  James  ;*  5th.  Thomas,  un- 
married. Said  John,  the  defunct,  was  buried  in 
Churchtown.  None  of  this  name  appear  on  the  Out- 
lawries of  1642,  but  many  fell  in  the  contests  that 
immediately  preceded,  and  estates  were  then  forfeited 
in  Westmeath  by  Oliver,  Nicholas,  Richard,  Garret, 
Henry,  Edmund,  John,  GeoflSry,  Walter,  Theobald, 
and  James  Dalton,  respectively.  In  1662,  Lieute- 
nant Alexander  D'Alton  received  the  Royal  thanks  in 
the  Act  of  Settlement. 

Besides  this  Myles,  there  are  on  the  Army   List 

*  It  may  be  permitted  to  remark  that  this  James,  the  fourth 
son  of  John  D'Alton  of  DundoneU,  married  Mary  or  Margaret 
Purdon,  and  was  the  great  grandfather  of  the  compiler  of  the 
present  volume.  This  single  entry  therefore  suggests  a  retro- 
spective pedigpree  of  eleven  generations  for  one,  who  is  now  the 
on/y  D'Alton  inheriting  a  fee-simple  estate  in  the  old  barony. 



Walter  D'Alton,  (who  appears  to  have  been  of  the 
family  of  Kildallon)  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Royal  Re- 
giment of  Infantry.  In  Colonel  Henry  Dillon's,  t^vo 
John  D'Altons  were  Captains,  Richard  a  Lieutenant, 
and  a  third  John  an  Ensign.  In  Colonel  John 
Grace's,  Walter  '  Daton '  and  John  D' Alton  were 
Lieutenants  ;  and  in  Sir  Michael  Creagh's,  Richard 
D'Alton  wjis  a  Captain.  One  of  these  Officers,  a 
Capttiin  D'Alton,  was  taken  prisoner  at  the  siege  of 
Athlone.*  The  Attainders  of  1691  include  the  above 
Captain  Myles  '  of  Grangebeg,  County  of  Westmeath,' 
with  seventeen  othere  of  the  name  in  Westmeath, 
three  in  Wexford,  three  in  Kilkeimy,  and  one  in 
Dublin.  Of  these  outlaws,  Christopher  D'Alton  of 
Miltown,  Major  John  D'Alton  of  Doneele,  and 
William  his  son,  with  Edward  D'Alton'  of  Cleg, 
County  of  Wexford,  were  adjudged  within  the 
Articles.  At  the  Court  of  Claims,  James  D'Alton,  then 
a  minor,  by  Walter  Delamer,  his  guardian,  claimed  an 
estate  in  fee  in  lands  forfeited  by  Garret  D'Alton. 
Elizabeth  D'Alton,  widow,  claimed  dower  off  Doneele, 
forfeited  by  Major  John  D'Alton  ;  Richard  and  Mary 
D'Alton,  minors,  by  Bryan  Kelly  their  prochain  ami^ 
claimed  a  mortgage  affecting  County  of  Roscommon 
estates,  (including  Lough-Glynn,  &c.,)  of  Richard 
D'Alton ;  John  Adams  claimed  an  estate  in  fee  in  the 

lands  of  Irishtown  and  Raheenquin  forfeited  by 

D'Alton  ;  but  his  jxitition  was  disallowed. 

In    1725,  Thomas   D'Alton  was  appointed   Chief 
Baron  of  the  Irish  Exchequer,   in  five  years  after 

*  Story's  Impartial  History,  part  2,   p.  108. 

gliffobd'8  dragoons.  371 

which  he  died.  Captain  *  Daton'  was  one  of  those  in 
Rothe's  Regiment  wounded  in  1 747,  at  the  battle  of 
LauflBield,  near  Maestricht.  Other  members  of  the 
family  were  distinguished  in  the  services  of  foreign 
states,  and  created  Counts  of  the  Holy  Roman  Em- 
pire ;  as  Count  Richard  D'Alton,  the  too  memorable 
agent  of  the  Emperor  Joseph  in  the  oppressions  of 
Brabant ;  and  Major-General  James  D'Alton,  Gover- 
nor of  Gratz,  from  which  he  removed  to  Brussels. 
Christopher  D' Alton  of  Grenanstown  was  Chamber- 
lain and  Colonel  of  the  Guards  to  His  Electoral  High- 
ness of  Saxony,  and  died  at  Richmond  near  Dublin, 
in  1793.*  Edward  D'Alton  brother  of  said  Chris- 
topher, was  Chamberlain  and  Major-General  in  the 
service  of  the  Emperor  of  Austria.  He  was  killed  in 
the  trenches  at  Dunkirk,  when  in  1793  that  town 
was  besieged  by  the  Duke  of  York. 


He  was  attainted  in  1691,  as  of  Lea,  Queen's 
County ;  James  Wyer  of  Kilbeggan  was  then  also 


Tffls  name  does  not  otherwise  occur  in  the  Army 
List,  or  at  all  on  the  Attainders. 

Hib.  V.  2,  p.  820. 


372  KING  James's  irisu  army  list. 


Neither  is  this  name  re|)eated  on  the  Army  List,  nor 
is  it  at  all  on  the  Attainders.  Robert  Burton  was 
Constable  of  Castle  Mac-Kinnegan,  County  of  Wick- 
low,  in  1309  ;  soon  after  which  William  de  Burton 
was  one  of  the  Remembrancers  of  the  Irish  Exchequer. 

A  Lieutenant-Colonel  '  Burston  '  was  the  Irish 

Engineer  when  Bally  more  was  besieged  by  de  Ginckle; 
and  on  his  death,  he  having  been  slain  in  the  defence, 
the  garrison  surren<lered  at  discretion.* 


A  NATIVE  Sept  of  the  O'Griffin  is  traceable  in  the  An- 
nals  of  Ireland,  while  it  would  appear  that  the  same 
name,  without  the  Milesian  prefix,  came  early  from 
Pembrokeshire  into  this  country. 

In  1199,  Daniel  O'Griffin  died  Abbot  of  the  Abbey 
of  Canons  Regular  of  Roscommon.  Matthew  Fitz- 
Griffin  was  summoned  hence  in  1220  to  the  war  in 
Britanny,  and  in  1257,  say  the  Four  Masters,  Mac 
GriflBin,  an  illustrious  Knight,  was  taken  prisoner  by 
O'Donnell's  people.  In  1375,  O'Molroney  O'Griffin, 
having  made  his  submission  to  the  English  govern- 
ment as  Captain  of  his  Sept,  he  and  his  three  brothers 
obtained  liberty  to  use  the  English  law  ;  about  which 
time  Matthew    'Mac  Griffin'  founded  a  Priory  for 

♦  O'Callaghans  Excid.  Mac.  p.  419. 


Canons  Regular  of  St.  Augustine  at  Tullylesk  in  the 
County  of  Cork,  which  was  afterwards  united  to  that 
of  Kells  (Kenlis)  in  the  County  of  Kilkenny.*  In 
1398,  John  GriflSn  was  appointed  Bishop  of  Ossory, 
as  was  Michael  Griffin  to  be  Chief  Baron  of  the  Irish 
Exchequer  in  1446.  In  1601,  DermodO"Griffien'  was 
one  of  the  Irish  who  fled  to  Spain  after  the  result  of 
the  Munster  war.f  In  1643,  Walter  Griffin,  de- 
cribed  as  of  Hacketstown,  County  of  Wicklow,  was 

attainted. The  name  of  this  Quarter-Master  does 

not  appear  upon  the  Attainders  of  1691,  but  only 
Murtogh  Griffin,  described  as  'of  Dublin,'  and  George 
and  Thomas  Griffin  of  Knocksymon,  County  of  West- 
meath  ;  while  in  Ulster,  Hugo  '  O'Gribbin'  of  Killeg- 
neen,  Henry  O'Gribbin  of  Glenbuck,  and  Richard 
O'Gribbin  of  Clogher,  all  in  the  County  of  Antrim, 
were  outlawed. 

A  Lord  Griffin,  it  may  be  here  observed,  followed 
the  fortunes  of  James  the  Second  through  all  his 
wanderings  ;  and  at  the  time  of  the  Revolution  main- 
tained personal  fidelity  to  the  unfortunate  Exile. 
"He  had  been  Lieutenant-General  of  that  Regiment 
of  his  Guards,  which  bore  the  name  of  the  Coldstream. 
Coming  over  from  France  in  the  Pretender's  interest, 
he  was  captured  in  the  Salisbury  by  Sir  George 
Byng  in  1708,  and  was  tried  and  condemned  to  be 
beheaded ;  but  Queen  Anne,  well  knowing  the  ad 
herence  of  the  old  Jacobite  to  her  father,  could  not 

•  ArchdaU's  Mon.  Hib.  p.  80. 
t  Pacata  Hibcrnia.  p.  426. 


KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

be  prevailed  upon  to  sign  the  death-warrant,  and  he 
was  thus  regularly  respited  every  month,  until  his 
death  in  the  Tower  in  1710.'^ 


TRANT'S,  formerly  sir  JAMES  COTTER'S. 




The  Colonel. 

Piers  Power. 

Arthur  Hide. 

Richard  Bany. 

Stephen  Galway. 

James  Connell. 

David  MoakelL 

Lieut.  Colonel. 

Terence  Carroll, 


John  Taylor. 

John  Kirwan. 

Dominick  Lynch. 

Stephen  Lawless. 

Edward  Rice. 

John  Lacy. 

WiUiam  Bourke. 

Kenedy  Me  Kenedy. 

Peter  Lavallen. 

Matthew  Lavallen. 

Patrick  Stanton. 

Patrick  Stanton. 

Arthur  Galway. 

Nicholas  Barry. 

William  Collins. 

John  Fennell. 

Sir  Thomas  Croeby.  Thomaa  Lycett. 

John  Winnetta. 

Charles  Geoghegan. 

Robert  Qoold. 

Edward  ShewelL 

John  Barry. 

George  Moore. 

Teigue  O'Lyne. 

Dermot  Donworth. 

Jasper  Grant. 

James  Barry. 

Henry  Wilse. 

Wniiam  Baker. 

Henry  Coppinger. 

James  Coppinger. 

John  Fitzgerald. 

Thomas  Dynneen. 


The  Officers  who  commanded  this  Regiment  previous 
to  Colonel  Carroll  were,  Colonel  Thomas  Trant,  of 

*  Miss  .Strickland'^  Queens  of  England,  v.  12,  p.  21-1. 


whom  hereafter  ;  and  Colonel  Sir  James  Cotter,  the 
lineal  ancestor  of  Sir  James  Laurence  Cotter  of  Rock- 
forest,  County  of  Cork,  Baronet. 

The  chief  notices  of  this  ancient  Irish  Sept  have 
been  collected  at  '  Captain  James  Carroll,'  of  Lord 
Dongan's  Dragoons.  It  but  remains  to  observe, 
that  the  Colonel  here  brought  forward  was  previous- 
ly Lieutenant-Colonel  of  that  Lord's  Dragoons.  In 
the  Lansdowne  Manuscripts  in  the  British  Museum, 
are  some  papers  which  appear  to  have  been  rough 
drafts  of  King  James's  correspondence  with  the  Irish 
Executive  before  the  Revolution,  and  which  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Rowan  of  Belmont,  County  of  Kerry,  conjectures 
to  have  been  Sunderland's  papers.  One  of  these, 
(without  date)  directed  to  the  Lords  Justices,  the 
Right  Reverend  Father,  &c.  &c.  runs  thus : — "Where- 
as we  thought  fit  by  our  instructions  to  you,  bearing 
date  the  27th  of  March  last,  to  direct  you  to  cause 
the  oaths  of  allegiance  and  supremacy  to  be  adminis- 
tered to  all  oflBicers  and  soldiers  of  our  army  there, 
and  to  all  Governors  of  Towns,  Forts,  Castles ;  and  to 
cashier  and  dismiss  our  service  such  of  them  as  shall 
reftise  the  said  oaths  or  either  of  them  ;  and  whereas 
we  have  been  pleased  to  withhold  Richard  Talbot, 
Colonel  of  a  Regiment  of  Horse  ;  Col.  Justin  Macar- 
tie,  Colonel  of  a  Regiment  of  Foot ;  Rene  Carney  and 
Dominick  Sheldon,  Captains  to  the  Duke  of  Ormonde; 
Anthony  Hamilton,  Lieutenant-Colonel  to  Sir  Thomas 
Newcomen's  Regiment  of  Foot ;  William  Dorrington, 
M^jor  to  Colonel  Fairfax  ;    Patrick  Lawless,  Major 


to  Colonel  Macartie  ;  *  and  Francis  Carroll^  Captain 
to  said  Colonel's  Company  ;  all  in  our  army,  to  dis- 
pense as  we  do  hereby  disjiense  accordingly  with  their 
taking  the  said  oaths  or  either  of  them  :  our  will  and 
pleasure  is,  and  we  do  by  these  presents  charge  and 
require  you  to  give  effectual  orders  from  time  to  time 
for  mustering  the  said  officers,  notwithstanding  their 
not  having  taken  the  said  oaths  or  either  of  them." 
"On  thellth  of  April,  1691,"  says  Story,  ",ColonelMac 
Fineen's,  Colonel  Mac  Carty's,  and  two  morejRegiments, 
making  in  all  about  1,500  men,  commanded  by  Brig- 
adier Carroll,  came  to  Iniskean  with  a  design  to  have 
that  place  and  some  other  small  garrisons  near  it,  as 
steps  to  further  advance  upon  our  frontiers  ;"f  but 
the  assailants  were  driven  off  by  Colonel  Ogleby.  In 
the  following  month.  Brigadier  Francis  Carroll  was 
stationed  at  Ross,  and  acting  as  Governor*  and  Com- 
mander-in-Chief of  His  Majesty's  army  in  the  Counties 
of  Kerry  and  Cork.  (See  post^  at  Colonel  *  Daniel 
O'Donovan.') A  Colonel  Carroll  was  taken  pri- 
soner at  Aughrim,  while,  in  the  August  following, 
after  De  Ginkle  with  his  army  had  passed  the  Shan- 
non, Anthony  Carroll,  (surnamed  Fada^  the  tall),  a 
gentleman  of  Tipperary  who  possessed  much  influence 
vrith  the  Rapparees,  and  who  could,  according  to 
Story,  bring  together  to  the  number  of  at  least  2,000 
men,  was  Governor  of  Nenagh,  a  position  which  he 
continued  to  hold  during  the  autumn  and  vrinter  of 

♦  See  his  death  in  168G,  ante^  p.  205. 
t  Story's  Impartial  History,  pt.  2,  p.  65. 

cakboll's  dragoons.  377 

1690,  and  the  spring  and  summer  of  1691,  making 
frequent  hostile  excursions  through  the  County.  On 
the  2nd  of  August  in  that  year  he  set  fire  to  the 
town,  in  opposition  to  the  movements  of  Brigadier 
Levison,  who  was  making  with  his  party  to  Limerick; 
but  the  fire  was  soon  put  out  by  some  prisoners  of  the 
Williamites  who  were  in  the  town.  The  Diary  here 
cited,*  adds  that  "  Brigadier  Levison  with  his  Horse 
and  Dragoons  pursued  Carroll  and  his  party  so  closely 
and  so  far,  that  within  four  miles  of  Limerick  he  took 
all  their  baggage  ;  amongst  which  were  two  rich 
coats  of  long  Anthony  Carroll's,  one  valued  at  eighty 
pounds,  the  other  at  forty  guineas,  and  about  forty 
pistoles  in  gold  ;  as  also  450  head  of  black  cattle  and 
some  sheep,  which  the  enemy's  sudden  flight  would 
not  suffer  them  to  carry  off." 

Amongst  those  attainted  in  1691  were  Eugene 
Carroll,  Queen's  County  ;  the  above  Francis  Carroll, 
styled  of  Dublin  ;  Keene  Carroll  of  Aughgurty,  King's 
County ;  John  Mulroney  Carroll,  of  Do.  John  Carroll 
of  Cappoquin  (he  is  buried  in  the  churchyard  of  Dun- 
kerron,  near  Roscrea);  Patrick  Carroll  of  Aherna, 
County  of  Wicklow  ;  and  John  Carroll  of  Ballindoon, 
County  of  Sligo. 

This  Colonel  Franois  was,  on  the  formation  of  the 
Irish  Brigades  in  France,  constituted  Colonel  of  the 
*  Queen's  Dismounted  Dragoons,'  at  the  head  of 
which  he  fell  in  the  battle  of  Marsaglia  in  Italy,  in 
October,  1693.t 

♦  Harleian  MSS.  vol.  7,  p.  480. 

t  O'Callaghan's  Brigades,  vol.  1,  p.  81. 

378  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 


After  this  List  was  drawn  up,  Thomas  Carroll  was 
appointed  first  Lieutenant-Colonel  and  Francis  Bois- 
meral,  second. 


The  escallops  in  the  armorials  of  this  family  afford 
heraldic  evidence  of  their  achievements  in  the  Holy 
Land.  Tliey  passed  at  a  very  early  period  from  France 
into  England,  where  they  are  traced  in  the  records  of 
the  Southern  and  Midland  Counties.  In  the  reign  of 
Henry  the  Third,  Edward  Taylor  of  Beverley  in 
Yorkshire  was  Chief  Falconer  to  liis  Sovereign,  and 
his  second  son,  Nicholas,  having  passed  into  Ireland 
in  1273,  became  the  founder  of  the  Taylors  of 
Swords.  The  lineal  descendant  and  heir  male,  Alex- 
ander Taylor,  by  his  marriage  with  Agnes,  daughter 
of  William  Swinnock,  acquired  the  inheritance  of 
Swords,  and  built  a  mansion  house  within  that  town. 
His  descendant  Richard  Taylor  was  in  1543  joined 
in  a  Commission,  to  try  and  decide  what  temporal 
and  spiritual  possessions  within  the  County  of  Dublin 
became  vested  in  the  Crown  by  the  dissolution  of 
monasteries.  George  Taylor  of  this  line  was  after- 
wards Recorder  of  Dublin,  its  Rcpresentiitivc  in  Sir 
John  Perrot's  Parliament  of  1585,  and  its  Sheriff  in 

Carroll's  dragoons.  '        379 

In  the  Parliament  of  1639,  John,  heir  of  Michael 
Taylor  of  Swords,  was  Member  for  that  Borough.  He 
married  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Fagan  of  Feltrim,  by 
whom  he  had  John  Taylor  his  heir,  whose  privations 
and  sufferings  in  resisting  a  transplantation  into 
Connaught  up  to  the  time  of  the  Restoration,  when 
he  obtained  a  decree  confirmatory  of  his  old  estate  at 
Swords,  are  fiilly  detailed  in  a  Manuscript  preserved 
by  the  family.  He  died  in  1680,  and  the  above 
Captain  John  was  his  second  son,  but  became  his  heir 
on  the  death  of  his  elder  brother  Michael,  in  1684, 
without  issue.  He  was  one  of  the  Burgesses  in  the 
new  Charter  granted  by  King  James  to  his  town,  and 

married  jirst^   Alice,   daughter  of Browne  of 

Clongowes  Wood,  (by  whom  he  had  one  daughter)  ; 
and  second^  Helen,  daughter  of  Richard  Fagan  of 
Feltrim,  by  whom  he  had,  with  several  other  children, 
John  his  heir,  whose  grandson,  James  Joseph  Taylor, 
now  represents  this  ancient  family  in  the  seventeenth 
generation  from  the  falconer  of  Beverley.  His 
sister,  Jane-Elizabeth,  who  married  Josiah  Forster, 
formerly  of  St.  Croix  in  the  West  Indies,  died  a  few 
years  since,  leaving  James  Fitz-Eustace  Forster  their 
only  issue.*  This  name  of  Fitz-Eustace  was  intro- 
duced into  the  family  through  the  grandmother  of 

Mrs.  Forster,  Anne  Fitz-Eustace,  daughter  of 

Fitz-Eustace,  of  Cradockstown,  County  of  Kildare,  by 
a  daughter  of  Patrick  Sutton  of  Morristown-Lattin  in 
the  same  County.     John,  Thomas  and  Robert  Taylor, 

♦  D'Altons  ffistory  of  the  County  of  Dublin,  p.  295,  &c. 


all  of  Swords,  were  attainted  in  1642  ;  the  above 
Captain  John  was  the  only  one  of  this  name  outlawed 
in  1691. 


Besides  this  Captain  Peter,  Patrick  *  Lavallin '  was 
an  Ensign  in  Lord  Mountcashel's  Infantry.  In  the 
Attainders  of  1691  the  former  was  described  as  of 
Waterstown,  County  of  Cork  ;  the  latter  of  Rohara, 
in  said  County ;  where  were  then  also  outlawed 
Matthew  Levallin  of  Great  Island  ;  Thomas  Levallin 
of  Moyallow  and  of  Cork,  merchant ;  and  Janette 
Levallin  of  Dublin,  spinster.  At  the  Court  of 
Claims,  James  Levallin  claimed  a  remainder  in  special 
tail  male,  expectant  on  the  death  of  Melchior  Levallin 
his  father,  in  County  of  Cork  lands  forfeited  by  the 
above  Peter  Levallin  and  Jane  his  wife  ;  while  Mel- 
chior himself  at  the  same  time  claimed  an  estate  tail 
in  part,  and  an  estate  for  life  in  the  remainder  of 
said  lands. Digby  Foulke  claimed  and  was  al- 
lowed an  interest  in  Cork  lands  forfeited  by  Jane 
Levallin,  daughter  of  Patrick  '  Lavallin,'  as  did  the 
aforesaid  Melchior  a  mortgage  affecting  said  last 
mentioned  forfeitures,  with  similar  adjudication  in  his 



From  a  period  early  in  the  fourteenth  century  this 
name  is  found  on  the  records  of  the  Counties  of 
Waterford  and  Cork.      In  1229,  Alan  de  '  Galweye/ 

and Galwaye  had  military  summons  directed  to 

them   for  services   in   the  war  in  Britanny. In 

1605,  the  King  granted  to  Dominick  Sarsfield  the 
wardship  of  Walter  Galway,  son  and  heir  of  John 
Galway,  late  of  Cork,  deceased,  for  the  yearly  sum  of 
£5  9s.  8d.  Irish,  and  the  payment  of  all  rents  and 
other  rights  due  to  the  Crown,  the  said  Dominick  re- 
taining thereout  the  usual  allowances  for  maintenance 
and  education  of  the  minor.  A  funeral  entry  of 
1636,  in  the  Ulster  Office  of  Arms,  records  the  death 
in  March  of  this  year  at  Kinsale  of  Sir  Jefl&^y 
Galway,  a  Limerick  Baronet,  eldest  son  of  Alderman 
James  Galway  of  Limerick,  eldest  son  of  Jeffrey 
Galway  of  Kinsale  ;  where  he  was  interred  in  the 
monument  of  his  ancestors.  Of  this  first  named  Sir 
Jeffrey,  it  is  said  in  the  Pacata  Hibemia*  that  "  he 
had  spent  many  years  in  England  in  studying  the 
common  laws,  and,  returning  into  Ireland  about  the 
year  1597,  did  so  pervert  the  City  of  Limerick  of 
which  he  was  one  time  Mayor,  that  by  his  malicious 
counsel  and  'perjurious'  example  he  withdrew  the 
Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  generally  the  whole  City  from 
coming  to  the  Church,  which  before  they  had  some- 

♦  P.  196,  &c.  Christie's  edition. 


times  frequented."  The  |  same  work  alleges  instances 
of  his  contumacy  and  disobedience  to  military  power. 
The  Attainders  of  1642  present  the  names  of  a  Sir 
Jeflfrey  Galway,  Baronet,  described  as  of  Typananbeg  ; 
with  those  of  John  Fitz-Christopher  Galway  and 
William  David  Galway  of  Blarney^  County  of  Cork. 

On  the  present  Army  List,  Walter  Galway  appears, 
also  a  Captain,  in  Lord  Kilmallock's  Infantry.  In 
the  Parliament  of  1689,  John  Galway  sat  as  one  of 
the  Representatives  of  the  City  of  Cork.  Of  those  at- 
tainted in  1691  were  the  above  Captain  Arthur 
Galway,  described  as  of  Ballycoghane,  County  of 
Cork  ;  with  ten  others  of  the  name  in  that  County. 
The  estates  of  this  Arthur  Galway  in  the  City  of 
Cork  were  sold  by  the  Trustees  of  the  Forfeitures  to 
Daniel  Gibbs,  and  Edward  Bennett  of  Cork,  mer- 
chant, and  another  portion  to  George  Baghtye  of 
Cork,  cutler ;  as  were  other  his  estates  in  the 
Liberties  of  Cork  to  Edward  Webber,  William  Wake- 
ham  of  Barry's  Court,  Abraham  Dixon,  and  Humph- 
rey Sheaves  of  Cork  severally  ;  as  also  to  the  Hollow 
Swords'  Blades  Company  and  to  Thomas  Hodder  of 
Ballyea.  The  estates  of  the  other  oflScer,  Walter 
Galway,  in  West  Carbury,  County  of  Cork,  were  then 
sold  to  Hugh  Hutchinson  of  Black  Rock  in  said 

Carroll's  dragoons.        383 



John  Crosby  succeeded  to  the  Sees  of  Ardfert  and 
Aghadoe,  by  the  Queen's  provision,  in  1600.  Of  those 
attainted  in  1642  were  Sir  John  Crosby  of  Waters- 
town,  County  of  Kildare,  and  Walter  Crosby  of  Gort- 
maskohe.  This  Sir  John  was  the  grandson  of  Patrick 
Crosby,  to  whom  Queen  Elizabeth  granted  a  noble 
estate  in  the  Queen  s  County,  in  reward  for  his  ser- 
vices towards  '  exterminating '  the  O'Mores  of  Leix. 
Part  of  the  lands  thereby  granted,  viz.  Ballyfin,  the 
demesne  of  the  Chief  of  that  Sept,  was,  on  Sir  John's 
confiscation,  granted  to  Periam  Pole,  brother  of  Sir 
John  Pole  of  Shute  in  Devonshire.  The  above 
Captain  Sir  Thomas  is  described  in  the  Inquisition  of 
his  Attainder,  as  "  of  Tralee,  Knight."  In  the  Parlia- 
ment of  1689  he  sat  as  one  of  the  Representatives  of 

the  County  of  Kerry. Those  attainted  with  him 

were  David  Crosby  of  Ardfert,  and  Maurice  Crosby 
of  Knockmar,  Queen's  County. 


This  name  does  not  appear  again  in  the  Army  List, 
nor  at  all  on  the  Attainders. 



This  illustrious  name  occurs  in  the  earliest  records  of 
Ireland,  and  in  especial  association  with  the  County 
of  Cork,  where  the  Barry  was  raised  with  grants  of 
large  possessions,  and  a  succession  of  titles  in  the 
Peerage,  from  Baron  Barry  to  Viscount  Buttevant 
and  Earl  of  Barrymore.  Of  the  Irish  magnates  who 
in  1302  attended  Edward  the  First  in  his  campaign 
against  the  Scots,  were  William  de  Barry,  Odo  (Hugh) 
de  Barry,  David  de  Barry  of  Rathcormack,  Philip  de 
Barry  of  Rincorran,  William  Fitz-Phillip  Barry,  and 
William  Fitz-William  Barry.*  In  1507,  say  the 
Four  Masters,  "  The  Barry  Roe  of  Cork,  i.e.  James, 
the  son  of  James,  accompanied  by  the  Chiefs  of  his 
people,  proceeded  on  a  pilgrimage  to  Spain,  and,  after 
having  performed  the  pilgrimage,  they  got  on  board 
of  a  ship  to  return,  and  no  tidings  of  their  being  liv- 
ing or  dead  was  ever  received.''  The  same  Annalists, 
at  1580,  furnish  an  interesting  genealogical  notice  of 
this  noble  family.  "  Barry  More,  i.e.  James,  the  son 
of  Richard,  son  of  Thomas,  son  of  Edward,  who  was 
imprisoned  in  Dublin,  died.  That  James  was  of  the 
real  genealogical  stock  of  Barry  Roe  ;  and  he  was  a 
man  who  suffered,  in  the  early  part  of  his  life,  much 
trouble  and  affliction,  and  he  had  no  hope  or  expecta- 
tion of  ever  obtaining  the  title  of  Barry  Roe  ;  but, 
however,  God  granted  him  the  Captainship  of  Barry 
Maol  and  also  of  Barry  Roe  ;   (Barry  Maol  or  the 

*  Rymer's  Fcedera,  ad  arm. 


hold  Bany,  and  also  Barry  Ruadh  or  red  Barry,  were 
native  designations  borne  by  two  branches  of  this 
family)  ;  and  not  these  alone,  for  he  was  nominated 
Chief  of  Banymore,  after  the  destruction  of  those 
whose  rightfal  inheritance  it  was  to  possess  that  title 
till  then.  His  son  David  Barry  was  afterwards  nomi- 
nated  the  Barry  by  the  Earl  of  Desmond,  and 
another  son  of  his  was  according  to  law  Lord  of 
Barry  Roe.'' 

In  1641  "Philip  Barry  Oge,  (styled  of  Rincorran) 
was  amongst  the  earliest  who  took  up  arms  against 
the  English  ;  and,  being  master  of  the  camp  of  Bell- 
gorley,  he,  James  Mellifont,  and  his  son  went  to  a 
neck  of  land  between  the  harbour  and  oyster-haven  of 
Kinsale,  collected  all  the  cattle,  horses,  cows,  &c.,  be- 
longing to  the  inhabitants  of  Kinsale,  took  them  to 
the  camp,  and  divided  them  amongst  their  troopers. 
His  lands  were,  by  an  ordinance  of  4th  August, 
1648,  given  in  custodiam  to  Captain  William  Parsons, 
in  satisfaction  of  £1113  due  to  him  by  the  Common- 
wealth authorities.  Captain  Parsons  dying  in  1652, 
Robert  Southwell  was  in  1655  put  into  the  custodiam 
of  these  lands,*for  the  benefit  of  the  Captain's  children. 
In  1658,  however,  he  induced  the  heir  to  relinquish 
his  original  title  to  these  lands,  and  to  accept  them 
back  on  a  lease  only,  and  subjected  to  a  rent  of  £100 
per  ann.  which  Southwell,  under  pretence  of  serving 
the  other  children,  promised  to  pay  to  them.  The 
Restoration  followed  in  May,  1660,  and,  in  the 
ensuing  August,  Southwell  obtained  a  grant  of  the 


386  KING  James's  irisii  army  list. 

lands  as  in  lieu  of  £700  worth  of  sea-beer  supplied  by 
him  in  1648  for  Prince  Rupert's  shipping,  and  by 
charging  interest  at  six  per  cent  extended  the  debt  to 
£1300.  Meantime,  in  1648,  Philip  Barry  Oge,  who 
had  been  so  expelled  from  his  inheritance,  complying 
with  the  articles  of  peace  of  that  year,  retired  to 
Flanders,  where  he  served  King  Charles  till  his  death 
in  1656.  He  had  married  Juliana,  daughter  of  Sir 
Dominick  Sarsfield,  Viscount  Kilmallock,  by  whom 
he  had  a  son,  William  Barry  Oge,  who  endeavoured 
after  the  Restoration  to  subvert  the  grant  to  South- 
well, in  which  suit  he  was  joined  by  the  heir  of  the 
Mellifonts,  whose  adjoining  estate  Southwell  had  ob- 
tained at  an  undervaluation  ;  but  Southwell  was 
secure  in  the  influence  of  the  Court  party,  and  Wil- 
liam Barry  Oge,  forsaken  and  friendless,  had  the 
mortification  to  see  "the  soil,  which  was  his  birthplace, 
confirmed  by  patent  of  1666  to  his  opponent  The 
heir  of  the  Mellifonts,  also,  who  had  fallen  irretriev- 
ably into  poverty,  was  reduced  to  petition  the  South- 
wells' further  interest  to  procure  for  him  a  tide-waiter- 
ship,  or  other  subordinate  oflice  in  the  Custom  House 
of  Dublin."* 

Besides  Philip  Barry  Oge  of  Rhyncorran,  there 
were  attainted  in  1642  Redmond  and  Gerald  Barry 
of  Lisgrifiin,  and  eleven  others  of  the  name  in  the 
County  of  Cork.  The  above  Grerald  was  one  of  the 
Confederate  Catholics  at  the  Assembly  of  1647  in 
Kilkenny.       The   Declaration   of    Royal   gratitude, 

♦  Thorpe's  Cat.  Southwell  MSS.,  p.  193. 

Carroll's  dragoons.  387 

embodied  in  'the  Act  of  Settlement/  includes  the 
names  of  Captain  Philip  Barry  of  Dunbogy,  Captain 
William  Barry  of  Rhincorran,  and  Lieutenant  Robert 
Barry  of  Robertstown,  all  in  the  County  of  Cork. 

Besides  this  John  Barry  a  Captain,  Nicholas  and 
James  Barry  Lieutenants,  and  Richard  Barry  a 
Quarter-Master  in  this  present  Regiment,  Philip 
Barry  Oge  was  a  Captain  in  Lord  Mountcashel's 
Infantry  ;  (he  appears  to  have  been  the  grandson  of 
Philip  Barry  Oge  of  Rhyncorran,  who  married  the 
Honourable  Margaret  de  Courcy,  aunt  by  the  father's 
side  of  Almeric  Lord  Kinsale,  hereafter  alluded  to)  ;* 
and  nineteen  others  of  the  name  were  commissioned 
on  this  List.  In  Bang  James's  Parliament  of  1689, 
James  Barry  was  one  of  the  Representatives  for  the 
Borough  of  Rathcormack,  while  the  Attainders  there 

attempted  to  be  passed  included Barry,  Earl  of 

Barrymore ;  Richard  Barry,  the  second  Baron  of 
Santry ;  Laurence  Barry,  Lord  Buttevant ;  and 
Richard  Barry,  Gentleman.  The  Inquisitions  of 
1691  record  the  effective  attainders  of  the  above 
Captain,  described  as  John  Barry  of  Shanagrane, 
Walshestownmore,  and  Derrylone,  with  sixteen  others 
of  the  name  in  the  County  of  Cork ;  on  whose  estates 
sundry  claims  were  made  at  Chichester  House,  and 
some  allowed. 

♦  Nichols's  Top*,  and  Gen*,  p.  647. 

CC  2 



This  family  wiis  from  a  very  remote  period  settled  in 
the  County  of  Kilkenny,  where  so  early  as  in  1346 
WOliam  le  Graunt  is  reported  a  landed  proprietor. 
Captain  Jasper  was,  however,  of  the  County  of  Cork, 
and  had  estates  therein  at  Kilmurry,  as  likewise  at 
Grantstown  in  the  County  of  Waterford.  Gillian 
Grant,  his  widow,  claimed  in  1700  and  was  allowed 
an  estate  for  her  life  thereoff ;  and  for  her  son,  another 
Jasper  Grant  a  minor,  she  claimed  an  estate  tail  in 
said  lands.  Annabella  Grant  sought  jointure  off 
certain  Cork  Estates  under  Settlement  of  1681,  but 

her  petition  was  dismist. Walter  Grant,  described 

as  of  Curlody,  in  the  County  of  Kilkenny,  was 
attainted  at  the  same  time. 

In  1 747,  Captain  Matthew  Grant,  of  Clare's  Eegi- 
ment  of  Brigade,  was  killed  at  Lauffield  village,  near 


This  is  one  of  the  few  families  of  Danish  extraction 
yet  existing  in  Ireland.  Its  first  settlement  was  in 
the  County  of  Cork,  where  it  still  continues.  In 
1535,  William  Copinger,  Mayor  of  Cork,  had  a 
grant  of  the  King's  Castle  there  to  him  and  his  future 
successors  in  the  Mayoralty.     In  the  first  Parliament 

♦  Gent.  Mag.  ad  ann,  p.  377. 

lif    ^^ 




of  Queen  Elizabeth,  Stephen  Copinger  was  one  of  the 
Representatives  for  that  City.  When,  early  in  the 
reign  of  James  the  First,  the  East  India  Company  of 
England  meditated  a  settlement  in  Munster,  for 
carrying  on  iron  works  and  building  large  ships,  they 
purchased  for  this  speculation  woods  and  lands  in  the 
Barony  of  Kinalea  and  Kerry currihy,  erected  a  dock, 
and  actually  launched  two  ships.  "  Yet  were  they," 
says  Smith,*  "so  disturbed  in  their  undertaking  by 
Walter  Copinger  and  others  of  the  Irishry,  that  they 
were  forced  to  quit  the  country,  and  abandon  the  pro- 
ject. Nevertheless,  soon  afterwards,  Walter  Copinger 
had  a  grant  of  a  castle,  with  various  lands,  chiefrents, 
and  customs,  the  lands  being  erected  into  two  manors, 
that  of  Cloghanmore  with  liberty  to  impark  1,000 
acres,  and  Eilfinane  with  like  liberty  for  600  acres. 

Of  this  name  were  attainted,  in  1642,  Stephen 
Copinger  of  Grange,  Thomas  Fitz- Walter  Copinger  of 
Manances,  and  Richard  and  Walter  of  Ringroan,  all 
in  the  County  of  Cork.  A  James  Copinger  of  Clogh- 
ane  in  said  County  was  likewise  outlawed  ;  and  it 
was  in  reference  to  him  and  his  sequestered  estates 
that  the  Earl  of  Anglesey,  when  in  power,  wrote  to 
the  Sheriff  of  Cork  in  a  tone  of  tenderness  and  com- 
miseration creditable  to  his  memory  : — "  Mr.  Sheriff, 
whereas  Mr.  James  Copinger,  upon  his  claim  before 
his  Majesty's  Commissioners  for  putting  in  execution 
the  Act  of  Settlement,  hath  been  declared  innocent 
and  to  be  restored  to  his  lands,  and  hath  obtained  a 

•  Hint,  of  Cork,  vol.  1,  p.  219. 


decree  pursuant  thereunto  ;  and  whereas  part  of  the 
land  is  in  my  possession,  I  desire,  when  the  decree 
comes  to  your  hands  to  be  executed,  that  you  will^ 
notwithstanding  any  interest  I  have  in  the  said  lands, 
see  the  same  put  in  execution  for  so  much  as  I  am 

concerned  in/'* An  Ensign  John  Copinger  was 

on  the  List  of  officers  recommended  for  early  prefer- 
ment in  Lord  Tyrconnel's  orders  of  1686  to  Colonel 
Russel  ;t  he  does  not,  however,  appear  on  this. 

In  April,  1691,  a  Captain  Copinger  was  killed  in  a 
skirmish  with  a  party  of  Captain  Clayton's  Iiifantry.J 
The  Attainders  of  this  year  include  the  names  of 
Thomas  Copinger  of  Killentine,  with  ten  others  of 
that  name  in  the  County  of  Cork,  and  Henry,  Mat- 
thew, and  William  Copinger  of  the  City^  merchants. 
This  latter  individual  was  the  Catholic  Sheriff  of 
Cork  in  King  James's  time,  and  fled  .with  his  Royal 
Master  to  France,  where  on  his  death  Louis  the  Four- 
teenth assigned  a  foreigner's  pension  for  his  widow. 
The  above  Captain  Henry  of  this  Regiment  was  his 
brother,  as  was  also  Edward,  the  Captain  who  was 
killed  as  above  in  April,  1691.  From  a  family  pedi- 
gree furnished  to  the  compiler  of  these  notices,  it  ap- 
pears that  the  above  Thomas  Copinger  of  Edllentine 
was  an  elder  brother  of  the  tliree  last  mentioned,  that 
he  married  Helen  Galway  of  Lota,  and  was  the  lineal 
ancestor  of  the  present  William  Copinger  of  Bally  vo- 

♦  Thorpe's  Cat.  Southw.  MSS.,  p.  186. 

t  Smith's  Cork,  vol.  1,  p.  459. 

I  Story's  Impartial  History,  pt.  2,  p.  70. 

Carroll's  dragoons.  391 

lane  and  Banyscourt,  in  the  County  of  Cork.  At  the 
Court  of  Claims,  Stephen  Copinger,  as  son  and  heir  of 
said  Thomas,  claimed  a  remainder  in  tail  in  his 
estates  under  marriage  settlements  of  1676  ;  as  did 
John  and  Edward  Copinger  similar  remainders  under 
the  same  deed.  These  claims  were  allowed  to  the  ex- 
tent of  the  lands  comprised  in  that  settlement,  which 
were  very  considerable.  Such  property  as  said 
Thomas  Copinger  had  in  the  City  of  Cork  was  sold 
by  the  Commissioners  to  Charles  Farringdon,  as  were 
such  of  his  unsettled  estates  as  lay  in  the  County  and 
within  the  Liberties  of  the  City,  to  Helen  Gklway  and 
Abraham  Dixon,  of  Cork  ;  while  those  of  the  above 
Walter,  and  James  his  son,  were  similarly  conveyed 
to  Edmund  Boch  of  Trabolgan. 

From  the  above  Captain  Henry  Coppinger  are  de- 
scended, in  the  male  line.  General  Joseph  Coppinger, 
now  in  the  Spanish  service  ;  and  Francis  Coppinger 
of  Monkstown  Castle,  County  of  Dublin  ;  as  are,  in 
the  female  line,  Christopher  Coppinger,  Chairman  of 
the  County  of  Kildare  ;  and  the  O'Briens  of  Kilcor, 
near  Castle  Lyons,  County  of  Cork. 


This  great  name  occurs  in  the  first  Roll  of  the 
!l^atents  of  Ireland,  the  King  thereby  granting  to 
Hugh  de  Lacy  the  whole  Province  of  Meath,  thereto- 
fore the  mensal  estate  of  the  native  Monarchs  of  Ire- 


land  ;  to  hold  the  same  with  as  fiill  and  ample  powers 
as  Hugh  O'Melaghlin,  then  yet  styled  King  of  Meath 
had  held  the  same,  and  this  conveyance  is  especially 
witnessed  amongst  others  by  Earl  Strongbow,  whose 
recognition,  as  husband  of  the  heiress  of  King  Der- 
mott  Mac  Murrough,  Henry  was  perhaps  then  not 
unwilling  in  policy  to  obtain.*  De  Lacy  in  this 
grant  had  the  powers  of  a  Lord  Palatine  conferred 
upon  him,  and  early  after  he  sought  to  arrange  a 
peaceful  treaty  with  Roderic  O'Conor,  the  King  of  Ire- 
land, as  acknowledged  by  the  natives.  They  met  on 
the  banks  of  the  Shannon,  but  De  Lacy's  terms  were 
then  considered  too  severe  to  be  accepted  by  Roderic. 
The  former,  however,  received  his  daughter  in  mar- 
riage as  his  second  wife,  whereby  he  incurred  the 
Royal  jealousy,  and  was  recalled  from  the  Viceroyalty 
which  he  then  filled.  His  powers  as  a  Palatine  ex- 
tended to  the  erection  of  boroughs,  one  of  which,  on 
the  northern  border  of  the  Pale,  was  Drogheda  ;  and 
he  yet  more  practically  endeavoured  to  secure  the 
English  interest,  and  to  extend  the  circuit  of  that 
Pale,  by  fortifying  castles  in  advance  into  the  island. 
The  Four  Masters  jealously  say  of  his  government, 
that  "he  confiscated  and  transferred  many  churches  to 
the  English  Lords  in  Meath,  Brefney,  and  Oriel,  and 
to  him  the  rents  of  Connaught  were  paid."  He  was 
assassinated  in  1186,  while  inspecting  a  castle  which 
had  just  been  erected  by  his  order  at  Durrow,  in  the 
Kings  County.      His  sons  were  Hugh  and  Walter ; 

♦  D'Alton's  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  40. 

Carroll's  dragoons.  393 

the  former,  after  sharp  contests  with  De  Courcy, 
became  Lord  of  Ulster  ;  and  dying  in  1241,  his 
daughter  and  heiress  married  William  de  Burgo,  who 
died  in  1244.  Their  daughter  and  heiress  married 
Lionel,  Duke  of  Clarence,  third  son  of  King  Edward 
the  Third,  and  she  was  grandmother  of  Edward  the 
Fourth,  in  whose  right  the  title  and  estates  vested  in 
the  Crown.  To  the  failure  of  the  De  Lacys'  issue 
male.  Baron  Finglas  in  his  *  Breviate'  mainly  attri- 
butes the  origin  of  absenteeism  in  this  country  ;  and 
it  is  a  remarkable  concurrence  in  the  destinies  of  Ire- 
land, that  the  male  line  of  Earl  Strongbow  also  failed, 
and  similar  marriages  of  his  female  issue  into  English 
families,  scattered  his  immense  territory  amongst 
powerful  but  ever  absent  proprietors. 

In  1314,  Walter  and  another  Hugh  de  Lacy  were 
of  the  Irish  Magnates,  who  attended  King  Edward  on 
his  expedition  against  Scotland.  They  appear  to 
have  descended  from  Hugh  de  Lacy's  second  marriage 
with  the  daughter  of  Roderic  O'Conor.  In  Mount- 
joy's  engagement  against  the  Earl  of  Tyrone,  fell 
Pierce  Lacy  of  BrufF,  County  of  Limerick,  "  a  zeal- 
ous Catholic  and  one  of  the  most  alert  of  the  Munster 
Chieftains.''*  In  1604,  and  1608,  King  James 
the  First  granted  to  his  favourite  Sir  James  Fullerton 
the  castle  and.  lands  of  BruflF  (inter  alia)  as  "late 
in  the  tenure  of  Piers  Lacie  attainted,  with  all  other 
his  estate  belonging  to  him  at  his  death  in  rebellion." 
The  name  does  not  appear  on  the  Attainders  of  1642, 

♦  Stuart's  Armagh,  p.  296. 

394  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

although  there  were  at  that  time  three  branches  of  the 
family  settled  in  the  County  of  Limerick  alone,  at 
Bruree,  Bruff,  and  Ballingarry.* 

John  Lacy  of  the  House  of  Bruflf  was  the  only  in- 
dividual of  the  name  who  attended  the  Supreme 
Council  of  Kilkenny  in  1647  ;  he  was  placed  in  the 
rank  of  Colonel  on  the  Restoration ;  and,  on  the 
raising  of  the  army  for  King  James,  was  appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel  in  Colonel  Charles  Cavanagh's 
Infantry,  as  noted  hereafter  ;  but,  as  his  name  did  not 
appear  on  the  present  Army  List,  the  notices  of  *de 
Lacy'  could  not  be  referred  to  him.  He  resided  at 
Kilmallock,  and  was  Deputy  Grovemor  of  Limerick 
under  Lord  Blessington  in  1 685-6  ;  at  which  time  the 
Viceroy,  the  Earl  of  Clarendon,  wrote  of  him  to  the 
Earl  of  Sunderland : — "Here  is  a  Colonel  Lacy,  an  old 
Cavalier,  who  hopes  the  King  will,  when  he  has  an 
opportunity,  put  him  into  employment.  I  am  sure 
he  desires  it.  He  was  an  officer  in  the  time  of  King 
Charles  the  First,  and  I  believe  His  Majesty  remem- 
bers him  with  himself  in  France  and  Flanders,  where 
he  served  very  bravely.  This  poor  gentleman  was 
settled  here  in  a  very  comfortable  way,  when  in  Gates' 
*  reign'  he  was  sent  into  England,  and  kept  prisoner 
in  the  Gatehouse  about  two  years,  besides  other 
severities  both  to  his  person  and  his  estate.  I  take 
the  liberty  to  recommend  his  enclosed  petition  to 
your  Lordship.^f     Clarendon  at  the  same  time  wrote 

•  Ferrar's  Limerick,  p.  346. 

t  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  207. 

cakroll's  dragoons.  395 

a  special  letter  in  Lacy's  favour  to  the  King,  grace- 
fully adding,  "  I  beg  your  Majesty's  pardon  for  say- 
ing thus  much  in  a  particular  man's  case,  which  I 
will  never  do,  but  when  the  person's  eminent  loyalty 
and  services  will  justify  me."*  Subsequently,  al- 
luding to  growing  apprehensions  that  a  restoration  of 
their  lands  would  be  sought  by  many  from  the  new 
King,  and  that  some  who  had  been  made  officers 
encouraged  the  apprehension,  the  Viceroy  says,  "  all 
this  would  be  very  easily  remedied,  and  the  King 
have  all  done  he  has  mind  to,  if  men  would  be  dis- 
creet in  their  states  as  several  are ;  amongst  whom 
ought  to  be  remembered  Sir  John  Fitzgerald,  both 
the  Dempsys,  Colonel  Sheldon,  Lacy,  and  many  more 
who  have  moulded  their  troops  and  companies  to 
their  mind,  ydthout  the  least  dissatisfaction  to  any 
one.  They  are  beloved  in  their  quarters,  they  cherish 
and  comfort  the  people,  and  punish  those  who  talk 
impertinently.  But  there  are  likewise  several  of 
whom  I  cannot  give  so  good  characters  ;  and  those 
who  ought  to  reprove  them  for  indiscretion  will  only 
say,  'Alas!  poor  man,  he  has  lost  his  estate  ;  you 
must  give  him  leave  to  talk.'  I  have  taken  the 
liberty  to  entertain  your  Lordship  with  these  stories, 
that  you  may  see  something  of  the  temper  of  persons 
as  well  as  things  ;  and  to  show  you  that  it  is  not  so 
much  the  King's  employing  Roman  Catholics  in  his 
army  which  disquiets  men,  as  that  there  are  duch  from 
whom,  by  their  own  words  and  actions,  they  fear  to 

*  Singer  s  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  208. 


be  oppressed  instead  of  being  protected.  Believe  it, 
my  Lord,  when  it  is  known  what  the  King  would 
have,  and  which,  with  submission  (in  some  cases) 
ought  to  be  known  but  to  a  few,  it  may  be  easily 
done  to  general  satisfaction ;  for  I  must  needs  say, 
never  were  people  in  the  world  more  disposed  to 
obedience,  and  to  betake  themselves  to  their  industry, 
than  the  generality  of  people  here,  if  they  are  let  alone."* 
In  1689,  this  Colonel  John  Lacy  was  one  of  the  Repre- 
sentatives of  Kilmallock  in  the  Parliament  of  Dublin. 
At  the  second  siege  of  Limerick,  when  the  William- 
ites  had  succeeded  in  throwing  a  bridge  over  the 
Shannon  at  Thomond  Gate,  (as  before  mentioned,  p. 
71)  Colonel  Lacy,  with  800  picked  men,  was  ordered 
out  to  contest  their  advance,  which  he  did  with  great 
valour  and  good  success  for  a  time,  till,  overpowered 
by  a  continual  supply  of  fresh  opponents,  .he  was 
forced  to  give  way  and  retire  to  the  gate  ;  which  the 
mayor  of  the  City,  however,  apprehending  the  English 
might  enter  with  them,  imprudently  closed,  whereby 
the  greater  number  of  Lacy's  gallant  band  was  cut 

The  subsequent  Attainders  of  1691  include  the 
names  of  this  Colonel,  stiled  "of  Kilmallock;"  Simon 
Lacy  of  Ferns,  County  of  Wexford ;  and  Thomas  and 
Walter  Lacy  of  Balrath,  County  of  Westmeath.  This 
Thomas  Lacy  forfeited  also  largely  in  the  Barony  and 
County  of  Roscommon,  and  very  many  claims  were 
preferred  at  Chichester  House  as  affecting  his  confis- 

*  Singers  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  466. 


cations,  the  greater  portion  of  which  was  sold  in  1703 
by  the  Commissioners  to  Samuel  Massy  of  Dublin, 

Various  gallant  officers  of  this  name  appear  on  the 
records  of  continental  military  achievement,  the 
career  of  one  of  whom  powerfully  connects  with  pass- 

ing  events, ^the  Count   Peter  de  Lasci;  whom 

an  autobiography  preserved  by  his  descendant  Mrs. 
de  Lacy  Nash  states  to  have  been  bom  in  the  County 
of  Limerick  in  1678  ;  that  his  father  was  Peter,  son 
of  John  Lacy  of  Ballingarry  ;  that  on  the  capitula- 
tion of  Limerick  he  was  brought  oflf  by  his  uncle  John 
(who  appears  to  have  been  the  above  Colonel),  who 
had  the  rank  of  Quarter-master  General  and  Brigadier 
in  France,  and  was  Colonel  of  the  Prince  of  Wales's 
Infantry  Eegiment,  on  which  this  youth  was  at  once 
enrolled  ;  that  he  marched  with  it  to  Piedmont  in 
1692,  joined  Catinat  in  May,  1693,  and  in  the 
October  of  that  year  was  at  the  battle  of  the  '  Val  de 
Marseilles,'  in  which  his  uncle,  said  John,  received  a 
mortal  wound.  The  Regiment  having  been  disband- 
ed on  the  peace  of  Ryswick,  this  young  officer  volun- 
teered in  the  Polish  service  under  Marshal  Due  de 
Croy,  in  the  rank  of  Lieutenant.  The  Due  presented 
him  to  Peter  the  Great,  who  was  then  in  alliance  with 
Poland,  and  the  Czar  took  him  into  his  own  service, 
in  which  he  obtained  a  majority  in  1705,  and  a 
Lieutenant-Colonelcy  in  the  following  year.  In 
1708,  he  was  promoted  to  the  command  of  the  Sibe- 
rian Regiment  of  Infantry,   and  joined  the   Grand 


Army.  On  the  first  of  January,  1709,  he  commanded 
the  right  wing  and  acted  as  a  Brigadier  at  the  great 
Battle  of  Pultowa,  where  he  was  wounded.  In 
1710,  he  distinguished  himself  in  the  attack  on  Riga, 
and  in  the  following  year  was  made  Major-General. 
His  various  movements  are  in  the  manuscript  set 
down  by  the  year,  until  in  1737  he  was  appointed  to 
command  an  expedition  into  the  Crimea.  Crossing 
an  arm  of  the  sea  (he  writes)  near  Arabat^  we 
marched  and  took  Ferekop^  and  blew  up  the  fortifi- 
cations.  He  died  in  Livonia  in  1751,  Governor  of 
that  Province.  This  was  the  general  who,  according  to 
Ferrar,*  ^^^  taught  the  Russians  to  beat  the  army  of  the 
King  of  Sweden^  and  to  become  from  the  worst  some 
of  tlie  best  soldiers  of  Europe.  Before  the  battle  of 
Pultowa  he  advised  the  Czar  to  send  orders  that  every 
soldier  should  reserve  his  fire  until  he  came  within  a 
few  yards  of  the  enemy ;  in  consequence  of  which 
Charles  the  Twelfth  was  there  totally  defeated,  losing 
in  that  single  action  the  advantages  of  nine  campaigns 
of  glory,  and  narrowly  escaping  being  taken  prisoner.'' 
The  son  of  this  Count  Peter  was  Joseph-Francis- 
Maurice,  Count  de  Lasci,  bom  in  1725  at  St.  Peters- 
burgh,  and  educated  at  Vienna.  He  made  his  first 
campaign  in  the  Austrian  army  in  Italy  during  the 
year  1744,  where  he  had  three  horses  shot  under  him 
at  the  battle  of  Velletri.  At  the  siege  of  Maestricht 
in  1748,  he  received  the  rank  of  Colonel.  He  dis- 
tinguished himself  against  Prussia  in  the  seven  years' 

*  Hist,  of  Limerick,  p.  347. 


war,  in  1762  received  the  baton  of  Marshal  from 
the  Emperor's  own  hand,  and  in  the  same  year  served 
with  considerable  eclat  in  the  war  between  Austria 
and  Prussia.  In  1801,  he  died  at  Vienna,  where  the 
Emperor  Joseph  the  Second,  to  whom  he  left  all  his 
property,  caused  a  bust  to  be  erected  to  his  memory 
in  the  hall  of  the  Chancery  of  the  Council  of  War. 
Of  this  latter  Marshal,  Wraxall  writes,*  in  1778, 
"Marshal  Lacy  is  now  approaching  his  sixtieth  year  ; 
when  young,  he  must  have  been  very  handsome. 
Though  he  has  been  six  times  wounded  by  musket 
balls,  he  enjoys  perfect  health,  and  preserves  a  youth- 
ful appearance.  He  was  bom  in  Eussia,  son  of  the 
famous  Marshal  Lacy,  who  in  conjunction  with 
Munich  commanded  the  Muscovite  armies  against  the 
Turks,  and  obtained  so  many  victories  over  them  in 
the  last  years  of  the  Empress  Anne.  It  was  in  that 
great  school  he  learned  the  art  of  war.  I  have  heard 
him  say  that  his  father  sent  him  to  study  at  Legnitz 
in  Silesia,  and  afterwards  at  Vienna.  In  1740, 
about  the  time  of  Maria  Theresa's  accession,  he  en- 
tered the  Austrian  service  as  an  Ensign  in  the  Kegi- 
ment  of  Count  (afterwards  Marshal)  Brown,  who  was 
killed  at  the  battle  of  Prague.  Having  distinguished 
himself  by  a  thousand  acts  of  personal  courage,  ac- 
tivity, and  ability,  he  rose  so  rapidly  that  at  the 
commencement  of  the  war  of  1756  he  was  already  a 
Colonel,  and  soon  became  a  Major-General. 

Another    General    Maurice    de    Lacy,    born    in 

*  Memoirs  of  the  Court  of  Berlin,  vol.  1,  p.  173. 

400  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

Limerick  in  1740,  was  invited  to  Kussia  by  his  rela- 
tive, the  aforesaid  Marshal  Peter,  and  entered  that 
service  when  but  ten  years  old.  He  served  under 
Suwarrow  in  the  Italian  campaign  of  1799,  in  cam- 
paigns against  the  Turks,  and  also  in  the  Crimea. 

He  died  in  1820,  unmarried. Of  Lacys  in  Spain, 

Francis  Anthony  Lacy,  Count  de  Lacy,  was  a  famous 
General  and  Diplomatist ;  born  in  1731,  commenced 
his  military  career  as  an  Ensign  in  the  Irish  Brigade 
of  Ultonia  Infantry,  was  raised  to  be  a  Colonel  in 
1762,  and  a  Commander  of  Artillery  in  1780,  when 
he  was  employed  at  the  celebrated  siege  of  Gibraltar. 
After  the  peace  of  Utrecht  in  1783,  he  was  consti- 
tuted Minister  Plenipotentiary  in  Sweden  and  Eussia, 
and  died  at  Barcelona  in  1792.  He  had  married  a 
daughter  of  the  Marquis  d'Abbeville,  by  whom  he 
left  a  son,  Captain-General  of  Artillery  to  his  Most 
Catholic  Majesty ;  and  a  daughter,  who  married 
"  the  Marquis  of  Canada,  originally  Irish,  of  the  an- 
cient  family  of  Terry." 


In  England  the  name  of  de  Staunton  dates  from  the 
Conquest,  while  in  Ireland  it  is  of  record  from  the 
earliest  days  after  the  English  Invasion.  About  the 
year  1200,  Milo  and  Henry  de  Staunton  disputed  the 
patronage  of  the  parish  church  of  Monmohenock  in 
Wicklow  with  the  Bishop  of  Glendaloch  ;  Milo  was 


then  seised  of  its  manor.*  In  1220,  Adam  de  Staun- 
ton granted  lands  in  Kilbrenin,  with  the  miU,  the 
church,  and  all  tithes  there,  to  Christ  Church,  Dublin, 
for  the  founding  of  a  cell  with  resident  canons.  The 
above  Milo  at  the  same  time  endowed  the  abbey  of 
St.  Thomas  in  that  City  with  the  churches  of  Dun- 
brin  and  Demloff.  In  1244,  Adam  was  summoned, 
as  one  of  the  '  Fideles '  of  Ireland,  to  service  in  the 
Scottish  war ;  and  in  1279,  Richard  de  Burgo,  Eari 
of  Ulster,  petitioned  for  the  wardship  of  Adam  de 
Staunton,  who  held  lands  in  Connaught  under  him. 
In  1295,  the  latter  Adam  was  summoned  for  the  war 
in  Gascony,  as  was  William  de  Staunton  to  that  of 
Scotland  in  1302.  In  1308,  Gerald,  son  and  heir  of 
Maurice  de  Staunton,  made  a  marriage  appointment 
of  dower,  (according  to  the  custom  of  the  time)  at  the 
gate  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral ;  assigning  four  ca- 
rucates  of  land  in  the  County  of  Cork  (which  had 
been  his  father's)  with  seven  marks  for  his  wife,  Ma- 
tilda de  Ruggeleye  ;  while  Henry  de  Ruggeleye  pass- 
ed his  bond  for  fifty-seven  marks  as  the  portion  of 
said  Matilda.  About  this  time,  Philip  de  Staunton, 
clerk,  received  the  full  sum  of  £100  for  his  remune- 
ration in  the  service  of  mustering  men-at-arms,  'to  put 
down  the  Irish  felons  in  the  mountains  of  Leinster.' 
In  1312,  Fromund  le  Brun  (Brown)  acquired  a  con- 
siderable property  in  Connaught  in  right  of  his  wife, 
Nesta,  the  daughter  of  the  aforesaid  Adam  de  Staun- 
ton.    In  1359,  Philip  de  Staunton  was  deputed  to 

♦  Mason  8  St.  Patrick's,  p.  65. 



treat  with  the  Irish  '  rebels '  in  Leinster,  and  to  hold 
pariey  and  make  peace  with  them.  In  1373,  John 
Staunton  was  one  of  those  directed  to  be  summoned 
from  Meath  by  its  Sheriff,  to  attend  a  great  Council. 
In  eight  years  after,  the  Earl  of  Mortimer,  then  Lord 
Lieutenant  of  Ireland,  died  at  Cork,  whereupon  the 
Lord  Chancellor  and  a  Justice  of  the  Bench  issued 
summonses  for  such  persons  as  usually  formed  a  Par- 
liament, to  meet  at  Cork  for  the  purpose  of  appointing  a 
temporary  Viceroy.  Amongst  those  so  summoned  were 
Milo  Staunton  and  David  Fitz-Thomas  Roche,  Knights, 
returned  as  for  the  County  of  Cork.*  In  1422, 
John  Staunton  was  appointed  Constable  of  Trim  for 
life,  with  power  to  hear  and  decide  controversies  con- 
cerning customs,  his  salary  being  fixed  at  twenty 
marks  per  annum.  The  last  Prior  of  the  old  abbey 
of  BaUintobber  in  the  County  of  Mayo,  at  the  time  of 
the  dissolution,  was  Walter  Mac  Willie  de  Staunton.f 
In  1574,  Thomas  Staunton,  described  as  having  been 
'an  ancient  Captain  in  the  Irish  wars,'  purchased  the 
manor  and  advowson  of  Wolverston  in  Warwickshire ; 
while  another  Captain  Staunton  distinguLshed  himself 
in  1601  in  the  war  of  Ulster.  In  1606,  Sir  John 
Everardof  Fethard,  County  of  Tipperary,  had  a  grant 
of  (inter  alia)  Clogher,  one  quarter  and  other  lands  in 
the  County  of  Mayo,  parcel  of  the  estate  of  John 
(Ballagh)  Stanton,  'attainted;'  while  in  1634,  a 
George  Staunton  came  over  from  Buckinghamshire  to 
Ireland,  settled  in  the  County  of  Galway,  and  there, 

*  Mason's  St.  Patrick's,  p.  127.  t  King's  MSS.,  p.  197. 


intermarrying  with  a  lady  of  the  name  of  Lynch, 
became  founder  of  the  Cargins  line.  His  son,  another 
George,  had  a  grant  in  1678  of  various  lands  in  the 
Barony  of  Dunmore  within  that  County. 

On  the  present  Army  List  and  in  this  Regiment 
a  second  Patrick  Staunton  appears  as  Quarter-Master 
to  his  above  namesake.  The  Attainders  of  1691 
describe  either  of  them  as  Patrick  Stanton  of  Great 
Island,  County  of  Cork,  where  were  also  outlawed 
Michael  Stanton,  merchant,  and  James  Stanton^ 
clothier,  both  of  the  City  of  Cork.  In  1698,  Thomas 
Staunton  was  appointed  with  others  to  collect  a  state 
subsidy  of  £940  off  Clare,  and  another  of  £1260  ciff 
Gal  way  County  ;  he  became  in  1722  Recorder  of 
Galway  and  its  Representative  in  Parliament.  In 
1801,  died  Sir  George  Leonard  Staunton,  (a  descen- 
dant  of  George  of  1634);  he  had  applied  himself  to 
the  profession  of  the  Bar,  and  wiis  appointed  His 
Majesty's  Attorney  General  for  Grenada ;  after  which 
he  accompanied  Lord  Macartney  to  Madras,  and  sub- 
sequently on  his  celebrated  embassy  to  China  in 
1791.     He  was  buried  in  Westminster  Abbey. 


Nothing  has  been  discovered  of  note  concerning  him; 
and  a  Darby  Collins,  described  as  of  Buttevant,  is  the 
only  individual  of  the  surname  appearing  on  the  At- 
tainders of  1691. 




The  Goold  fiimily  was  at  an  early  period  established 
in  the  County  of  Cork.  In  1356,  Nicholas  '  Gold ' 
was  one  of  these  influential  pei'sons  commissioned  to 
applot  a  state  subsidy  off  that  County,  as  was  David 
'  Gold '  in  a  few  years  after.  With  the  Municipal 
History  of  the  City  they  were,  during  the  years  previ- 
ous to  the  first  Civil  War,  intimately  connected.  Golds 
having  been  Mayors  of  Cork,  from  1442  to  1640,  no 
less  than  thirty  times  ;  but  aftenvards  they  ceased  to 
fill  any  corporate  oflSce  there.  Queen  Elizabeth's 
instructions  to  her  Lord  President  of  Munster,  Sir 
George  Carew,  in  1 600,  directed  that  William  Saxey, 
Chief  Justice,  and  James  Golde,  second  Justice  of  the 
said  Province,  being  of  special  trust  appointed  to  be 
of  his  Council,  shall  give  their  continual  attendance 
thereat,  and  shall  not  depart  at  any  time  without  the 
special  licence  of  the  said  Lord  President.  The  salary 
of  the  Chief  was  fixed  at  £100,  that  of  James  Golde 
at  one  hundred  marks,  subject  to  deductions  in  case 
of  their  absence  from  the  duties  so  imposed  upon 
them.  A  Manuscript  Book  of  Obits  in  Trinity 
College,  Dublin,  (F.  iv.  18),  supplies  some  links  of  the 
family  of  William  Goold,  Mayor  of  Cork  in  1618,  and 
who  died  in  1634. 

The  Attainders  of  1642  include  the  names  of  Gar- 
rett  '  Goold '  of  Castletown,  and  of  James  and  John 
Fitz-Richard  Goold  of  Tower-Bridge,  merchants. 
James  Goold  was  the  only  member  of  the  family  who 

Carroll's  dragoons.  405 

attended  the  Supreme  Council  in  1647. Besides 

the  above  Cornet  Kobert  Goold,  there  appear  on  this 
List,  Thomas  '  Gold '  an  Ensign  in  Colonel  Nicholas 
Browne's  Infantry  Regiment ;  and  James  Gold,  an 
Ensign  in  Colonel  John  Barrett's.  The  Attainders  of 
1691  include  the  names  of  James  and  Ignatius  Goold, 
described  as  of  Cork,  Esquires  ;  John  Goold  of  Kin- 
sale,  Esq.;  Richard  of  Cork,  merchant  ;  Patrick  of 
said  City;  James  'Goold'  of  Gal  way,  and  Ellen 
Bagot,  otherwise  Goold,  wife  of  John  Bagot  of  Cork. 
Amongst  those  who  were  taken  at  sea  in  1746, 
volunteering  to  aid  the  cause  of  Prince  Charles- 
Edward,  was  '  Captain  Gould,  Ultonia  Regiment, 
Spanish  service.'*  It  may  be  added  that  in  the 
Church  of  St.  Giles  at  Bruges  is  a  burial  place  of  Wil- 
liam Goold,  'of  ancient  and  venerable  lineage  in  Cork,' 
^  hujus  eccksicB  ceditui^'  as  inscribed  upon  a  white 
marble  slab  inserted  in  the  flag  of  the  Chapel  of  the 
Blessed  Virgin.f  In  1801,  a  branch  of  this  family 
was  raised  to  the  Baronetcy  in  Sir  Francis  Goold  of 
Oldcourt,  County  of  Cork ;  while  in  the  Imperial  Par- 
liament Wjmdham  Goold  was,  until  his  recent  decease, 
one  of  the  Representatives  for  the  County  of  Limerick. 


The  O'Lynes  constituted   an   ancient   Sept  in   the 

♦  Gent.  Mag.  vol.  16,  p.  208. 

t  Nichols's  Top*,  and  Gen*,  for  1863,  p.  535. 


County  of  Kerry,  but  the  name  does  not  otherwise  ap- 
pear  on  this  List.  John  Lyne  was  one  of  those 
attainted  in  1691,  and  his  estate  in  Kerry  was  sold 
by  the  Commissioners  of  the  Forfeitures  to  Thomas 
Connor  of  Dublin. 


Nothing  is  known  of  these  officers  or  their  families. 


The  Attainders  of  1642  include  a  Patrick  Fennell, 
described  as  of  Kilrush,  County  of  Clare.  At  the 
Supreme  Council  of  Kilkenny,  five  years  after,  Gerard 
Fennell '  of  Ballygriffin,'  County  of  Tipperary,  was  one 
of  the  Commons  ;  his  estates  were  accordingly  confis- 
cated in  CromwelFs  time,  but  restored  by  the  Act  of 
Explanation  in  1665.  By  the  Usurper's  ordinance  of 
1652  this  Gerard,  described  as  a  Doctor  of  Physic, 
was  excepted  from  pardon  for  life  and  estate.  He 
died  in  1663,  and  was  buried  at  St.  Michan's,  Dublin. 
This  estate  of  Ballygriffin  was,  in  1668,  confirmed 
under  the  Act  of  Settlement  to  Thomas  Gower,  with 
a  saving,  however,  of  such  right  as  Ellen,  Gerald's 
widow,  might  prove  herself  entitled  to. 



In  the  Inquisition  for  his  Attainder  in  1691,  he  is 
described  as  of  TempleconoUy,  County  of  Cork ;  where 
another  of  the  family,  Robert  Donworth,  was  also 


This  Officer  seems  identical  with  William  Baker  of 
Ballytobin  in  the  County  of  Kilkenny,  (the  son  of  a 
Major  William  Baker,  who  lost  all  his  estates  in 
Worcestershire  by  his  adherence  to  King  Charles  the 
First).  He  obtained  Ballytobin  from  Charles  the 
Second,  and  is  at  this  day  represented  by  his  lineal 
descendant,  Abraham  Whyte  Baker.  A  Francis 
Baker  was  Captain  in  Lord  Bophin's  Regiment  of 
Infantry ;  yet  neither  name  appears  on  the  At- 
tainders of  1691,  but  only  that  of  Peter  Baker, 
described  as  of  Dungorney,  County  of  Cork. 


The  O'Dinnahans  or  O'Dinans  were  located  in  the 
County  of  Limerick,  Chiefs  of  the  tract  now  known  as 
the  Barony  of  Owneybeg. 



[brigadier  THOMAS  MAXWELL.] 

[lieutenant-colonel  DANIEL  MAGENNIS.] 
[major CALLAGHAN.] 

The  Army  List,  more  concisely  given  in  Somers' 
State  Tracts,  (vol.  xi.,  p.  399)  makes  note  of  this 
seventh  Regiment  of  Dragoons,  commanded  by  Colo- 
nel Thomas  Maxwell,  and  his  name  appears  on  the 
List  of  Colonels  that  introduces  this  Muster  Roll ; 
while  in  Singer's  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon 
(vol.  ii,  p.  512,)  his  force  is  set  down  as  twelve  com- 
panies, comprising  a  total  of  six  hundred  men.  He^ 
according  to  Colonel  O'Kelly,  was  a  Scotchman  by 
birth,  a  pretended  Roman  Catholic,  and  of  mean  ex- 
traction. O'Callaghan,  with  less  prejudice  and  on 
more  satisfactory  authority,  reports  him  to  have  been 
"  of  a  very  good  family  in  his  native  country,  prob- 
ably a  branch  of  the  Maxwells  of  Nithsdale."  Previ- 
ous to  King  James  retiring  into  France  in  1688, 
Maxwell  was  appointed  in  England  Colonel  of  a  Regi- 
ment of  Dragoons,  in  place  of  James  Berkeley, 
Viscount  Fitz-Harding,  who  succeeded  to  the  command 
on  Maxwell's  foUowing  that  King.  In  Ireland  the 
latter  was  afterwards  made  Colonel  of  a  Regiment  of 
Dragoons,  of  which  Daniel  Magennis  was  Lieutenant- 
Colonel,  and  Callaghan,  Major.*      Mr.  Hardi- 

♦  King's  State  of  the  Protestants,  p.  68. 

maxwell's  dragoons.  409 

man  adds  of  this  Colonel,*  that  he  was  married  in 
England  to  Jane,  Duchess  of  Norfolk,  widow  of  the 
sixth  Duke,  a  Lady  remarkable  for  her  beauty  and 
accomplishments.  When  Schomberg  landed  at 
Bangor  in  1689,  Maxwell,  then  stationed  in  that 
place,  not  being  able  with  his  small  force  to  give 
opposition,  left  there  Mac  Carty  More's  Regiment 
with  some  Companies  of  Cormuck  CNeiU's,  and 
retired  to  Newry.  He  was  present  at  the  battle  of 
the  Boyne.  Colonel  O'KeUy  says  he  was  one  of  those 
appointed  by  Tyrconnell  to  guide  and  advise  the 
young  Duke  of  Berwick  on  that  Viceroy's  departure 
for  France  ;  and  it  would  appear  from  his  narrative, 
that  he  interested  himself  in  predisposing  King  James 
to  give  a  cool  reception  to  the  delegates  against  Tyr- 
connel,  whom  he  accompanied  to  St.  Germains.  On 
that  delegation  were,  besides  Maxwell,  the  Bishop  of 
Cork,  the  two  Luttrells,  and  Colonel  Purcell.  "  Pur- 
cell,"  says  0'Conor,f  "and  Henry  Luttrell,  suspecting 
that  Maxwell  carried  private  instructions,  proposed  to 
throw  him  overboard  ;  but  the  Bishop  interposed  the 
sanctity,  and  Simon  Luttrell  the  mildness  and 
honesty  of  his  character,  and  their  united  expostula- 
tions rescued  him  from  a  watery  grave.  ** 

O'Kelly,  who  was  himself  a  partizan  of  St.  Ruth 
against  Tyrconnel,  ascribes  the  surprisal  of  Athlone 
by  De  Ginkle  to  the  neglect  or  treachery  of  Colonel 
Maxwell.     The  Duke  of  Berwick  in  his  Memoir  takes 

♦  History  of  Galway,  p.  429. 
t  O'Conor's  Milit.  Mem.  p.  128. 


a  very  different  view  of  the  circumstance,  as  men- 
tioned in  O'Callaghan's  valuable  notes  on  the  Excid. 
MacaricBy  (p.  427).  Dr.  Story,  the  Williamite  his- 
torian of  the  campaign,  in  reference  to  the  taking  of 
Athlone,  writes: — "1691,  28th  June,  the  garrison 
detached  a  sergeant  and  ten  men  out  of  Brigadier 
Maxwell's  Regiment,  being  all  bold  and  daring  Scots. 
These  were  all  in  armour,  and  came  over  their  own 
w^orks  with  a  design  to  ruin  ours,  but  were  all  of 
them  slain  ;  yet  this  did  not  discourage  as  many 
more  fi'om  setting  about  the  same  piece  of  service,  and 
they  effected  it  by  throwing  down  our  planks  and 
beams,  maugre  all  our  firming  and  skiU,  though  they  all 
lost  their  lives  as  testimonies  of  their  valour,  except 
two."*  The  town  was  taken  in  two  days  after,  and 
Major-General  Maxwell  made  prisoner,  and  sent  uj) 
with  others  to  Dublin  ;  "but  some,**  says  Story, 
"  made  their  escape.f "  The  Dragoons  of  Maxwell 
(who  had  himself  in  the  course  of  the  campaign 
become  a  Brigadier,  and  Major-General  in  the  Irish 
army),  with  the  others  hereinbefore  mentioned,  were 
all  engaged  at  Aughrim,  with  the  exception  ,of  Lord 
Clare's,  which  had  been  previously  brigaded  ;  while 
Mr.  O'Callaghan  in  his  Green  Book,  (p.  319) 
suggests  the  existence  of  another  Regiment  of 
Dragoons  there,  commanded  by  Colonel  John 

The  "  Diary  of  the  Siege  and  Surrender  of  Limerick 

*  Story's  Impartial  Hist.  pt.  2,  p.  102. 
t  Idem,  pp.  108-1),  and  117. 

maxwell's  dragoons.  411 

in  1691''  says,  at  16th  September,  "About  seven 
of  the  clock  the  bridge  was  finished,  and  the  General 
immediately  ordered  the  Royal  Regiment  of  Dragoons 

to  pass In  the  meantime  the  enemy's  Dragoons 

came  down  on  foot  to  oppose  us,  but  as  soon  as  our 
men  advanced  they  took  to  their  heels,  leaving  their 
tents  and  baggage  with  their  bridles  and  saddles  (their 
horses  being  at  grass  at  a  place  about  two  miles  off) 
behind  them.  We  took  also  two  pieces  of  brass  can- 
non, and  Brigadier  Maxwell's  standard We  took 

several  prisoners,  and  among  them  a  French  Lieute- 
nant-Colonel of  Dragoons,  and  some  other  officers."* 
O'Conor  writes  in  respect  to  this  critical  scene, 
"  Maxwell,  who  guarded  the  ford  below  the  town,  had 
suffered  his  men  to  faU  asleep,  and  some  of  them  de- 
serting apprised  the  enemy  of  the  state  of  the  gar- 
rison ;  De  Ginkle,  who  had  resolved  upon  a  desjierate 
effort,  was  much  encouraged  by  this  information, 
and  his  efforts  were  successful.!"  That  this  Brigadier 
was  not  guilty  of  any  deficiency  of  allegiance  to  the 
King  he  acknowledged,  may  yet  be  presumed  from 
the  fact  of  his  having,  after  the  Capitulation  of  Lime- 
rick, passed  over  to  France  at  the  head  of  two  Irish 
Regiments  of  Dragoons,  spoken  of  by  Marshal  Catinat 
as  performing  '  des  choses  surprenentes  de  valeur  et 
de  bon  ordre  dans  le  combat'  He  was  killed  at  the 
battle  of  Marsiglia  in  Piedmont,  gained  over  the  Duke 
of  Savoy  and  the  allies  by  that  Marshal  in  1693. 

♦  Harleian  MSS.  voL  7,  p.  486. 
t  O'Conor's  Milit.  Mem.  p.  140. 

412  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

O'Conor,  however,  in  his  "  Military  Memoirs '  says* 
it  was  a  Charles  Maxwell,  Major  in  the  Brigaded 
Regiment  styled  the  Queen's  Dismounted  Dragoons, 
who  .was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Marsiglia. 

*  O'Conor  s  Milit.  Mem.,  pp.  198  and  222. 

[    413    ] 

Regiments  of  Infantry. 


The  Kino's, 


Butler's  (Edward), 


John  Hamilton's, 


McMahon's  (Art), 


Henry  Frrz- James's,  Lord 


Moore's  (Charles), 

Grand  Prior, 


Bagnall's  (Dudley), 




O'Neill's  (Gordon), 




Browne's  (Nicholas), 




Sir  Michael  Creagh's, 


Earl  of  Antrim's, 


Sir  Heward  Oxburgh's, 


Earl  of  Tyrone's, 


Browne's  (Dominick), 


Nugent's  (Richard), 


MacCartie's  (Owen), 




Barrett's,  (John), 


Dillon's  (Henry), 


O'Bryan's  (Charles), 


Lord  Galway's, 


O'Donovan's  (Daniel), 


Lord  Bellew  s, 


Lord  Iveagh's, 


Lord  Kenmare's, 


McEllicott's  (Roger), 


Lord  Slane's, 


O'Reilly's  (Edmund), 


O'Neill's  (Cormuck), 


MacGuire's  (Cuconaught) 


Cavenagh's  (Charles), 


Bourke's  (Walter), 


Sutler's  (Thomas), 


O'Neill's  (Felix), 


FitzGerald's  (John), 


McMahon's  (Hugh), 


Lord  Louth's, 


McGillicuddy's  (Denis), 


Lord  Kilmallock's, 


Purcell's  (James), 


Sir  Maurice  Eustace's, 


Lord  Hunsdon's, 


Earl  of  Westmeath's, 


Moore  s  (Garreit), 


Major-General  Boise- 


Bourke's  (Patrick), 



Bourke's  (Michael), 


Lord  Bophin's, 


Cormick's  (Michael), 


O'Gara's  (Oliver), 


O'Neill's  (IIenry), 


Grace's  (John), 


McMahon's  (Hugh). 





The  King's  Company,  Mi- 
chael Iloth,  Captain. 

William  Doirington,  Colonel. 

William  Maanscll  Barker, 

Thomas  Arthur, 

',  Major.         } 

George  Talbot 

Richard  Fagan. 

Sir  Luke  Dowdull. 

Sir  Gregory  Byrne. 
Patrick  Dowdall. 
Bartholomew  Kussel. 

Thomas  Ilackett. 

Tliomas  Warren. 

Walter  Nangle,  and  Geo.  > 
Nangle,  his  Son.  3 

Edward  Dowdall. 

George  Aylmer. 

John  Segrave. 

Sir  Anthony  Mulledy. 

Thomas  Anmdell,  Grena- 

John  Tyrrell. 
John  Arthur. 

THE   king's. 

Richard  Fitzgerald. 

Robert  Russell. 
Thomas  Wafer. 

John  Connell, 
Walter  Pluuket. 
William  Fitzwilliani 

John  Edwards. 
Edmund  Fahy, 
John  Clancy. 
Christopher  Weldon 
Edmund  Brennan. 
Charles  McDonnell, 
Peter  Purcell. 
Richard  Bourke. 
James  Russell, 
James  Carney. 
David  Kihill, 
Christopiier  TaafTe. 
Robert  Dillon, 
Walter  D* Alton. 
Edward  Nangle, 
John  Grace. 
Peter  Bathe, 
Bryen  Lynch. 
Edward  Tipper, 
Thomas  Skelton. 
James  Molloy. 
Francis  White,  ) 

Edmund  Kelly.         ) 
Charles  Povey,  f 

John  Margetsun.       j^ 

Edward  Arthur. 

Talbot  Salter. 
James  Touchott. 

John  Arthur. 

Nicholas  Tyrwhitt. 

Piers  Meade. 

Robert  Bamewall. 

Edward  Hanlon. 
Cliristopher  Archbold. 

Andrew  Doyle, 
William  Fitzwilliani 

Edward  Toole. 

Michael  Warren. 

John  Dillon. 


John  Cusack. 
Matthew  Taaffe. 
Adam  Cusack. 

George  Russell. 
Henry  Driscoll. 
Thomas  Poyntz. 

TllE  king's  regiment   OF   INFANTRY.  415 


This  fine  Regiment  is  stated  in  the  Establishment  of 
1687-8  as  then  consisting  of  only  twelve  companies 
(1080  men);  its  charge  being  stated  as  £17,827  12s. 
When  strengthened  as  in  this  Muster  Koll,  it  comprised 
twenty-two  companies  of  ninety  soldiers  each,  or 
1980  men,  exclusive  of  officers.  The  celebrated 
Doctor  Alexius  Stafford  (a  secular  priest  of  Wexford 
County)  Dean  of  Christ  Church,  Master  in  Chancery, 
and  member  for  Bannow  in  King  James's  Pariiament, 
was  Chaplain  to  the  Regiment ;  and  he,  having  in  his 
zeal  passed  into  the  ranks  at  the  battle  of  Aughrim, 
fell  on  that  disastrous  day. 

The  Clarendon  Correspondence  (vol.  1,  p.  434,) 
gives  an  interesting  account  of  a  review  of  this 
Regiment  in  1686.  "This  morning  (8th  June, 
1686)  the  Royal  Regiment  drew  up  in  St.  Stephen's 
Green,  when  my  Lord  Tyrconnel  viewed  them  and 
saw  them  exercise ;  Lieutenant-Colonel  Dorrington 
was  in  his  post;  I  was  not  in  the  field.  His  Lordship 
told  the  officers  that  the  King  was  so  satisfied  in  the 
long  services  of  Sir  Charles  Fielding,  that  he  had 
removed  him  to  prefer  him  to  a  better  post,  and  that 
he  did  the  like  for  Master  Billingsley,  who  was  then 
in  the  field.  Major  Barker  not  being  yet  come.  His 
Lordship  likewise  said,  as  I  am  informed,  His 
Majesty  did  not  remove  any  of  the  other  officers  out 
of  any  dislike,  for  he  was  well  satisfied  with  their 
services,  but  to  make  room  for  other  men  of  great 


merit.  Then  presented  Captain  Harman  to  the  Com- 
pany he  was  to  command,  on  the  head  of  which  was 
Captain  Margetson,  who  said  he  bought  his  employ, 
ment  to  show  his  readiness  to  venture  his  life  and 
fortune  in  the  King's  service  ;  that  whilst  he  had 
been  in  it  he  behaved  himself  with  loyalty  and  honor, 
and  did  now  most  readily  submit  to  his  Majesty^s 
pleasure."  This  Kegiment  of  Infantry,  together  with 
Fitz-James's,  Lord  Galway's,  Sir  Maurice  Eustace's, 
and  Colonel  Ramsay's,  Lord  Galmoy's,  Lord  Abercorn's, 
and  Colonel  Dominick  Sheldon's  Horse,  constituted 
the  besieging  force  at  Derry  ;  and  at  the  Boyne  and 
on  the  last  fatal  field  of  Aughrim,  the  valour  and 
steadiness  of  this  truly  Royal  Regiment  were  preemi- 


DoRRiXGTON  was  a  native  of  England,*  and  belonged 
to  this  Regiment  of  Guards  from  its  first  formation- 
In  the  Establishment  of  1687-8  he  is  entered  on  the 
Pension  List  for  £200  per  annum.  A  tract,  contem- 
poraneous  with  the  arrival  of  King  James  in  Dublin, 
states  as  in  a  letter  from  Chester,  that  this  ill-judging 
monarch  had  issued  orders  which  were  construed  as 
confiding  the  care  and  guard  of  his  person  rather  to 
his  French  auxiliaries  then  lately  arrived,  than  to  his 
Irish  adherents;  that  a  deputation  of  his  own  oflScers 

*  O'Callaghan's  Macarke  Excidium,  p.  419. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  417 

having  received  no  satisfactory  reply,  this  Colonel 
and  twelve  other  chief  officers  went  to  the  King 
and  delivered  up  their  commissions,  telling  him  withal 
that  many  more  were  resolved  to  do  the  like.  Where- 
upon an  arrangement  was  entered  into,  which,  how- 
ever, little  satisfied  either  party.  Constituted  as  the 
King's  Council  was,  and  attended  chiefly  by  com- 
manders of  the  Irish,  the  occurrence,  if  truly  alleged, 
must  have  had  an  awftd  effect  on  the  eve  of  the  cam- 
paign. Dorrington  was  himself  of  that  Board,  toge- 
ther with  the  Dukes  of  Powis  and  Berwick,  the  Earls 
of  Clanricarde,  Abercom,  Carlingford,  and  Melfort, 
the  Lords  Kilmallock,  Clare,  Merrion,  and  Kenmare  ; 
the  English  Lord  Chief  Justice,  Sir  Edward  Herbert, 
(who  followed  the  King's  fortune,  and  subsequently 
became  his  Chancellor  at  St.  Germains),  Colonel 
Patrick  Sarsfield,  afterwards  created  by  him  Earl  of 
Lucan,  and  Sir  Ignatius  White  of  Limerick,  Baro- 

Colonel  Dorrington  was  afterwards  commissioned 
by  his  King,  immediately  before  the  meeting  of  the 
Parliament  of  Dublin,  to  serve  at  the  siege  of  Derry, 
and  there  was  he  wounded,  but  not  so  badly  as  long 
to  supersede  his  active  duty.  In  the  September  of 
that  year,  when  King  James  would  fain  advance  to 
arrest  the  progress  of  his  enemy  in  Louth,  having 
marched  within  a  short  distance  of  Dundalk,  he  di- 
rected Colonel  Dorrington  with  the  Brigade  of  Guards 
to  come  on  as  far  as  Mapletown-bridge,  and  resolved 

♦  O'Callaghan  8  Brigade,  v.  1,  p.  168. 



himself  to  encamp  near  that  of  Affane.*  Dorrington 
subsequently  distinguished  himself  at  the  Boyne,  and 
was  Governor  of  Limerick  in  the  latter  portion  of  that 
year  (1690).  When  Tyconnel  passed  over  to 
France,  leaving  the  Duke  of  Berwick  his  Deputy  in 
the  Vice-Royalty  of  Ireland,  Brigadier  Dorrington 
was  one  of  these  deputed  to  represent  to  his  Grace 
that  the  power  so  attempted  to  be  conferred  upon 
him  was  illegal,  but  that  the  Great  Council  in  Lime- 
rick, consisting  of  the  Prelates,  Nobles,  and  OflScers, 
were  willing  that  he  should  have  the  civil  and  mili- 
itary  authority,  provided  he  would  admit  a  select 
council  of  officers  to  direct  his  military  operations,  and 
allow  two  able  persons  from  each  of  the  provinces  to 
advise  him  in  relation  to  the  civil.f  On  Tyrconnel's 
return  to  France,  Dorrington  was  made  Major-Gene- 
ral  of  the  Army  J. 

Immediately  before  the  last  siege  of  Limerick,  he 
was  taken  prisoner  at  the  battle  of  Aughrim,§  and 
was  thereupon  sent  up  to  Dublin,  from  thence  to 
Chester  and  at  last  to  the  Tower  of  London ;  but  was 
80  soon  released  or  exchanged  by  the  Revolutionists 
as  to  be  able  to  resume  in  France  his  active  adherence 
to  the  Jacobite  cause.  There  he  retained  his  Colonelcy 
of  the  Royal  Irish  Foot  Guards  ;  of  which,  in  the  re- 
modelling, Oliver  O'Gara,  who  had  been  a  full  Colonel  in 
Ireland,   was    constituted    Lieutenant-Colonel,    and 

•  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2.  p.  379. 
t  O'Connor  s  Milit.  Mem.  p.  126. 
X  Story's  Impartial  Hist.  pt.  2,  p.  55.  §  Idem,  p.  137. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  419 

John  Both,  Major.  The  Regiment,  then  consisting  of 
twelve  companies,  was  stationed  on  the  coast  of 
Normandy,  as  part  of  the  army  designed  for  the  inva- 
sion of  England  in  1693  :  it  subsequently  served  in 
Flanders  ;  and  in  Germany,  in  1703,  under  Villars, 
maintained  a  high  character ;  Dorrington  himself 
having  been  then  raised  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant- 
Greneral.  In  the  same  year  he  was  engaged  in  the 
mountain  campaign  against  the  Tyrolose.  In  1704, 
he  sustained  with  the  French  that  signal  discomfiture 
of  which  O'Conor  writes  as  "  a  memorable  instance  of 
the  finest  army  in  the  world  annihilated  by  the  igno- 
rance of  the  leaders/*  He  again  distinguished  him- 
self in  Germany  under  Marshal  Villars,  and  especially 
at  Ramillies  in  1705.  In  1709,*  he  was  engatged  at 
the  battle  of  Malplaquet,  and  subsequently  under  the 
same  leadership  until  17 12.  In  1718,  he  died  at 
Paris,  when  this  Regimenf  was  transferred  to  the 
Compte  Michael  de  Roth,  and  bore  his  name.  This 
title  was  again  changed  in  1766  to  'Roscommon,'  and 
in  1770  to  'Walsh's,'  which  it  continued  to  bear,  down 
to  the  French  Revolution. 

Another  Dorrington  (Andrew)  was  Captain  in  the 
Earl  of  Clancarthy's  Regiment  of  Infantry,  but 
William  is  the  only  one  on  the  Roll  of  Attainders, 
whereon  he  is  described  as  '  of  Dublin.' 

♦  O'Conor's  Milit.  Mem.  p.  290. 

EE  2 

420  KING  James's  irisii  army  list. 


This  name  does  not  seem  to  have  been  known  in  Ire- 
land until  the  days  of  the  Tudor  Dynasty,  neither 
does  it  appear  on  the  Attainders  of  1642  or  1691. 
By  the  Act  of  Explanation  (1665)  William  Barker, 
Esq.,  was  restoi'ed  to  his  estates  in  the  County  of 
Limerick,  and  seems  to  have  been  the  father  of  the 
above  Lieutenant-Colonel,  who  commanded  the  Infan- 
try at  the  momentous  battle  of  Aughrim.  There,  ac- 
cording to  Clarke's  Memoir  of  James  the  Second,  (vol. 
2,  p.  359),  he  was  icounded^  according  to  Dean 
Story,*  killed.  A  Sir  William  Barker  being  seized  in 
fee  of  lands  in  the  County  of  Limerick,  and  also  of  a 
manor  in  Essex,  settled  same  on  his  marriage  in 
1676,  and  the  eldest  son  of  that  marriage  was  another 
Sir  William.t 


This  name  appears  of  Irish  record  from  the  time  of 
Edward  the  Second,  and  Ortelius's  map  locates  the 
family   in   the   Barony   of  Clanwilliam,   County   of 

Limerick. In  the  year  1210,  Robert  Arthur  was 

a  benefactor  to  the  great  Abbey  of  St.  Thomas  in 
Dublin.  In  1486,  Dr.  Thomas  Arthur,  by  birth  of 
Limerick  City,  died  there  Bishop  of  the  See.      In  the 

*  Impartial  Hist.  pt.  2,  p.  130.  f  Appeal  Cases. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  421 

first  Parliament  of  Elizabeth,  Edward  Arthur  was  one 
of  the  members  elected  to  represent  the  City.  After 
the  Kestoration,  a  patent  of  lands  in  the  County  of 
Limerick  to  Captain  John  Winckworth,  a  Cromwel- 
lian,  contained  a  saving  of  the  right  of  Dr.  Thomas 
Arthur  to  certain  lands  therein  named,  as  a  nominee 
after  reprisals.  He  had  a  similar  saving  in  a  patent 
of  premises  in  the  City  of  Limerick,  to  Wentworth, 
Earl  of  Koscommon ;  while,  under  the  Acts  of  Settle- 
ment and  Explanation,  he  was  restored  to  his  principal 
seat  and  2,000  acres  of  land  ;  as  was,  by  the  same 
legislative  arrangement  of  property,  John  Arthur  to 
the  estates  of  his  father.  Alderman  Arthur,  with  some 
exceptions  ;  and  a  Patrick  Arthur  was  likewise 
thereby  similarly  restored.  In  King  James's  Charter 
to  Limerick,  Nicholas  Arthur  was  named  one  of  the 
Aldermen,  while  James  and  Thomas  Arthur  were  of 
its  Burgesses.  This  Thomas  it  may  be  concluded  was 
the  above  Major.  At  the  Parliament  of  Dublin  in 
1689,  he  sat  as  one  of  the  Representatives  for  the  Bo- 
rough of  Newcastle,  in  the  County  of  Dublin.* 

An  early  notice  of  this  Thomas  appears  in  the 
"Correspondence  of  the  Earl  of  Clarendon,"  (6th 
May,  1686),  when,  writing  to  the  Earl  of  Sunderland 
he  recommends  "  that  Captain  Thomas  Arthur,  a 
Roman  Catholic,  who  lately  bought  the  employment, 
be  advanced  to  the  Lieutenant-Colonelcy  of  the 
Guards."!      Early  in  the  September  of  that  year  he 

♦  King's  MSS.  in  Dublin  Soc. 

t  Singer's  Correspond,  vol.  2,  p.  372. 

422  KING  James's  irish  army  ust. 

was  sent  to  Connaught  by  Tyrconnel  to  raise  recruits, 
but  not  having  the  Earl  of  Clarendon's  order,  he  was 
recalled,  and  this  the  rather  "  as  the  Captain  could 
command  no  serviceable  interest  in  Connaught."* 
Lord  Clarendon,  having  been  afterwards  acciised  of 
thus  recalling  Arthur,  defended  himself  as  that  the 
raising  of  men  is  a  matter  of  great  consequence,  and 
ought  to  be  done  by  no  authority  but  that  of  the  Chief 
Govemor.f  Besides  Major  Thomas,  there  were  of  the 
family  in  this  Regiment  Jolin  Arthur  a  Captain, 
Edward  and  John  Arthur  Ensigns ;  and  Patrick 
Arthur  was  a  Captain  in  Major-General  Boiseleau's 
Infantry.  One 'of  these  Captains  was  wounded  at 
Deny,  while  the  above  Major  fell  at  the  Boyne  ;X  ^^^ 
Dean  Story  records  the  death  of  a  Colonel  Arthur  at 
the  battle  of  Aughrim,§  who  it  would  seem  from 
Lodge,||  was  married  to  a  niece  of  Richard,  Earl  of 
Tyrconnel.  The  outlawries  of  1691  include  the 
above  Thomas^  described  as  of  Colganstown,  County 
of  Dublin,  with  three  others  in  said  County,  and  one 
in  each  of  those  of  Limerick,  Clare,  and  Kilkenny. 
Various  claims  were  made  on  their  estates  at  Chi- 
chester House. 

*  Singer  8  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  vol.  2,  pp.  578-9. 
t  Idem.  X  Clarke's  James  II.  v.  2.  p.  399 

§  Impartial  History,  pt.  2,  p.  138.       H  Peerage,  v.  4,  p.  IGO. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF   INFANTRY.  423 


This  family  is  by  some  considered  of  English  descent, 
while  others  prefix  to  it  the  Milesian  '  0/  In  the 
thirteenth  century  it  was  established  in  Meuth,  and 
in  its  branches  became  early  connected  with  the  De 
Lacys,  Plunketts,  and  Barnewalls.  In  1358,  John 
Fagan  was  High  Sheriff  of  the  Liberties  of  Meath  ; 
and  in  1373,  was  appointed  Governor  of  the  important 
Castle  of  the  Pale  at  Trim. 

Christopher  Fagan,  -the  representative  of  tlie 
Meath  line,  and  inheritor  of  their  estates,  was  induced 
to  lend  his  influence  in  mainUiining  Perkin  Warbeck  s 
claim  to  the  Crown.  He  (as  it  is  said  in  an  old 
family  pedigree,  verified  by  wills  and  funeral 
entries  in  the  OflSce  of  Arms,  and  now  preserved  by 
Mr.  William  Fagan  of  Cork),  was  slain  with  four  of 
his  sons  at  the  siege  of  Carlow,  when  a  great  portion 
of  their  Meath  estates  was,  as  confiscated,  granted  to 
the  Aylmers,  Barnewalls,  and  other  gentry  of  the 
Pale.  John,  the  youngest  son  of  Christopher,  was 
also  at  Carlow,  being  then  but  18  years  of  age  ;  he, 
however,  escaped  the  slaughter,  and  fled  to  Cork,  a 
city  that  held  out  strenuously  for  Perkin.  He  there 
married  Phillis,  daughter  of  William  Skiddy  of  Skiddy's 
Castle  in  that  city,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons,  and  a 
daughter  Phillis,  who  married  Thomas  Gould.  Rich- 
ard, the  eldest  son  of  Christopher,  left  a  son  Thomas 
Fagan,  who  acquired  that  estate  of  Feltrim  in  the 
County  of  Dublin  from  which  the  head  of  the  family 


has  since  derived  a  territorial  designation.  His 
eldest  son,  another  Christopher,  was  High  SheriflF  of 
the  City  of  Dublin  in  1565  and  1573  ;  and  it  was 
during  his  possession  of  Feltrim  that  the  unfortunate 
Earl  of  Desmond,  being  a  prisoner  of  state  in  the 
Castle  of  Dublin,  and  his  health  failing  so  as  to  need 
the  air  of  the  country,  this  Christopher  Fagan  was 
select/cd  to  take  charge  of  his  person  at  his  residence. 
But  when  it  was  intimated  to  Fagan  that  it  would  be 
his  duty  to  watch  the  captive,  he  magnanimously 
replied,  that  the  Earl  woult^  be  welcome  to  diet  and 
lodging  at  his  house,  yet  would  he  never  consent  to 
be  his  keeper.  Desmond,  it  may  be  added,  in  such  li- 
beral guardianship  was  allowed  to  walk  abroad  on  his 
parol  ;  but,  abusing  the  privilege,  he  escaped  into 
Munster,  where  entering  soon  after  into  open  rebellion 
he  was  treacherously  murdered.*  The  descendant  and 
namesake  of  tliis  Christopher  was  declared  a  forfeit- 
ing proprietor  during  the  civil  wars  of  1641.  On 
proof,  however,  of  his  innocence,  he  was  in  1670 
decreed  the  possession  of  Feltrim,  qualified  into  an 
estate  in  tail-male.  His  death  in  1682  is  recorded  in 
a  funeral  entry  in  the  OflSce  of  Arms,  wherein  he  is 
described  as  'Christopher,  son  of  Kichard,  son  of  John, 
son  of  Richard  ;'  that  he  died  1 2th  February,  1682-3, 
and  was  buried  in  St.  Audoens'  Church,  Dublin  ; 
having  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Sir  Nicholas  White 
of  Leixlip,  by  whom  he  had  several  children,  of  whom 
(says  the  record)  Richard  and  Peter  are  now  living, 

♦  D' Alton's  History  of  the  Co.  Dublin,  pp.  211-12. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.      425 

and  one  daughter,  Elizabeth,  married  to  Lord  Stra- 
bane  [and  who  became  mother  by  him  of  Claud,  fourth 
Eari  of  Abercorn,  Colonel  of  a  Regiment  of  Horse  in 
this  Army,  as  before  noticed].  The  Richard  here 
mentioned  was  the  above  Captain,  and  he  married 
Ellen,  daughter  of  Thomas  Aylmer  of  Lyons,  by 
whom  he  had  one  daughter,  Anna-Maria.  Richard's 
uncle,  John  Fagan,  became  the  founder  of  that 
Munster  line  in  which  the  representation  is  now 
preserved  ;  and  his  son  Christopher  was,  as  hereafter 
noticed,  a  Captain  in  Lord  Kenmare's  Infantry  ; 
while  in  Sir  Michael  Creagh's,  Patrick  '  Ffagan '  was 
also  a  Captain.  The  Attainders  of  1691  exhibit  the 
names  of  Thomas  Fagan  of  Kinsale,  Bryan  '  OTegan' 
of  Drumgagh,  County  of  Down,  clerk  ;  Manus 
'  OTegan '  of  Clonallon,  County  of  Down  ;  with 
Richard  Fagan,  described  as  of  Drakestown,  County 
of  Meath,  and  Feltrim,  County  of  Dublin.  The  value 
of  the  latter's  estate  alone  was  so  considerable,  that 
an  inquiry  into  its  circumstances  was  directed  in 
1690-1,  with  the  object  of  presenting  it  as  a  royal 
boon  to  Sir  Robert  Southwell.*  The  sale  of  all  his 
estates  ultimately  brought  in  not  less  than  £100,000, 
out  of  which  only  his  wife's  jointure  and  his  daugh- 
ters'  portions  (for  he  died  without  male  issue)  were 
allowed  to  be  paid  ;  viz.  £1,000  for  his  eldest  daugh- 
ter Anne,  and  £400  for  each  of  his  other  daughters, 
Elizabeth  and  Helen.     They  were  all  minors  at  the 

♦  Thorpe's  Catal.  SouthweU  MSS.  p.  213. 


time  of  the  claims  made.     Helen  afterwards  married 
John  Taylor  of  Swords,  antej  p.  379. 

A  James  Fagan  passed  after  the  Revolution  into 
the  Spanish  service,  where  he  was  promoted  to  the 
rank  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  Hamel's  Regiment.  He 
married  the  heiress  of  the  House  of  Turges  in  Lor- 
raine, and  was  living  in  1722.*  See  further  of  this 
family  at  Christopher  Fagan,  a  Captain  in  Lord  Ken- 
mare's  Infantry. 


This  name  is  of  record  in  Ireland  from  the  time  of 
King  Edward  the  Third.  In  1446,  Robert  Dowdall 
of  Newtown-Termonfeckin,  County  of  Louth,  was  ap- 
pointed Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas  in  Ire- 
land. His  son  Thomas  was  Master  of  the  Rolls  in 
1488,  and  James  Dowdall  was  appointed  in  1583 
Chief  Justice  of  the  Queen's  Bench.  An  unprinted  Act 
of  Resumption  of  1468  contains  a  saving  of  the  rights 
of  the  aforesaid  Robert  Dowdall.  Edward  Dowdall  of 
Glaspistol  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the 
County  of  Louth  in  Queen  Elizabeth's  first  Parlia- 
ment ;  and  Laurence  Dowdall  of  Athlumney  and 
Nicholas  Dowdall  of  Brownstown  attended  the  cele- 
brated meeting  on  the  hill  of  Crofiy.  The  Attainders 
of  1642  present  the  names  of  this  Nicholas,  Walter  of 

•  Fagan  MSS. 


Athboy,  and  Laurence  of  Athlumney.  The  latter  was 
of  the  Confederate  Catholics  who  adhered  to  the  King 
at  the  meeting  in  Kilkenny,  and  he  was  accordingly 
excepted  from  pardon  for  life  or  estate  in  Cromwell's 
Act  of  1652.  In  a  grant  of  Athlumney  as  forfeited 
property  to  William  Ridges  in  1666,  a  saving  was 
inserted  "  of  such  right  and  no  other  as  should  be  ad- 
judged  due  to  Sir  Luke  Dowdall,  Knight,  as  a  nomi- 
nee in  the  town  and  lands  of  Athlumney."  Besides 
these  Captains,  there  appear  upon  this  List  another 
Edward  Dowdall  a  Quarter-Master,  and  Joseph 
Bowdall  an  Ensign  in  Lord  Louth's  Regiment  of 
Infantry ;  while  a  John  Dowdall,  who  does  not  appear 
upon  it,  was,  after  its  date,  appointed  Major  of  Lord 
*Bellew's'  Infantry.  The  list  of  names  for  the 
Shrievalties  in  Ireland,  sent  over  to  Lord  Clarendon 
the  Viceroy,  contained  for  the  County  of  Meath  the 
name  of  Launcelot  Dowdall,  with  the  observation,  '  a 
factious  caballing  whig  ;'  to  which  Clarendon  replied 
in  comment,  '  This  gentleman  is  of  an  ancient  Eng- 
lish family  in  that  county,  where  he  behaves  himself 
with  great  sobriety,  and  is  so  far  from  being  a  favour- 
ite of  the  whigs  or  caballing  with  them,  that  they  are 
dissatisfied  with  his  being  Sheriff,  concluding  him  a 
friend  to  the  old  natives  of  the  County.** 

John  Dowdall  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of  the 
Borough  of  Dundalk  in  the  Parliament  of  1689,  as 
was  Henry  Dowdall,  Recorder  of  Drogheda,  for  that 
ancient  town.      This  latter  it  was  who,  in  duty  of  his 

*  Singers  Correspondence  of  Lord  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  286. 


office,  delivered  that  address  of  its  Corporation  to 
King  James,  when  entering  the  town  on  the  7th  of 
April,  1689,  which  is  preserved  in  the  Anthologia 
Hihemka,  (vol.  1,  p.  42).  The  Attainders  of  1691 
comprise  the  names  of  the  above  Sir  Luke,  described 
as  Lucas  Dowdall  of  Old  Connaught,  County  of  Dub- 
lin, and  of  Dublin  City ;  Patrick  of  Navan,  mer- 
chant ;  and  Edward  of  Dublin  and  Moate  ;  besides 
James  Dowdall  of  Navan,  merchant,  George  of 
Cluncestown,  Stephen  of  Athboy,  Henry  of  Browns- 
town  and  Drogheda,  Joseph  and  Matthew  of  Cloran, 
County  of  Westmeath,  and  Sylvester,  son  of  Matthew 
of  said  last  mentioned  place.  Patrick  of  Dundalk 
and  Termonfeckin,  John  of  Dundalk,  Christopher  and 
John  of  Drogheda,  merchants,  Peter  of  Ardee,  clerk, 
and  Walter  Dowdall  of  Drumshallon,  clerk. 

Sir  Lucas  forfeited  in  Meath  extensive  estates,  off 
which  his  widow.  Dame  Katherine,  claimed  dower,  but 
was  dismist,  as  were  alike  the  claims  of  their 
children  Anne,  Thomasine,  and  Mary  Dowdall  for 
portions,  and  that  of  Daniel  Dowdall,  his   son  and 

heir,  by  his  guardian,  for  a  fee  therein. Margaret 

Dowdall  claimed  in  her  own  right  and  was  allowed 
the  benefit  of  sundry  debts  due  to  her,  but  'put  out'  in 
the  name  of  Patrick  Dowdall,  who  was  attainted  ; 
while  she  also  claimed  as  one  of  the  executors  of 
Lady  Jane  Dowdall  a  mortgage  debt  affecting  the 
County  of  Longford  estate  of  said  Patrick  Dowdall. 
Lady  Alice  Dowdall,  otherwise  Nugent,  one  of  the 
daughters  of  Kichard,  late  Earl  of  Westmeath,  claimed 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  429 

a  jointure  of  £180  off  the  Meath  estates  of  Henry 
Dowdall — dismist.  Joseph  Dowdall  sought  and  was 
allowed  an  estate  tail  in  Westmeath  lands  forfeited  by 
Matthew  Dowdall ;  and  Kedmond  Dowdall,  and  Mary 
his  wife,  claimed  an  estate  tail  in  County  of  Limerick 
lands  forfeited  by  Tobias  and  John  Dowdall,  as  did 
said  Mary  her  dower  off  these  estates  as  the  widow  of 

Tobias  and  under  his  will  of  25th  August,  1688. 

The  estates  of  Sir  Lucas  were  subsequently  sold  in 
lots  to  John  Preston  of  Ardsallagh,  Kobert  Kochfort, 
her  Majesty's  Attomey-General,  Michael  Shields  of 
Wainstown,  John  Drury  of  Dublin,  and  Kichard 
Gorges,  Esq.  the  patentee  of  Kilrue. 

In  the  engagement  at  Lauffield  village  in  1747, 
Lieutenant  Dowdall,  then  ranking  in  Berwick's 
Brigade,  was  wounded. 


The  O'Bymes  were  the  formidable  Chieftains  of  that 
last  subjugated  district  of  Ireland,  now  the  County  of 
Wicklow  ;  the  present  Barony  of  Ballinacor  and  the 
Rainilogh  were  possessed  exclusively  by  them,  and 
they,  with  the  O'Tooles,  the  territorial  Lords  of  the 
remainder  of  this  County,  maintained  for  nearly  four 
centuries  an  unceasing  war  against  Dublin  and  the 
English  Pale.  So  early  after  the  introduction  of  sur- 
names as  1119  the  Four  Masters  record  the  death  of 
Aodh  O'Brin  (Byrne),  Lord  of  East  Leinster,  and  when 

430  KixG  James's  ibish  army  list. 

afterwards  Dermot  McMurrough  invited  the  English 
invasion,  the  O'Byrne,  who  was,  in  the  adjustment  of 
Irish  government,  his  tributary,  although  Dermot 
confided  in  him  as  his  last  hope,  renounced  his  allegi- 
ance, and  unhesitatingly  opposed  the  invaders ;  when, 
being  brought  before  '  Strongbow,'  he  was  condemned 
to  death.  In  1176,  Malachy  O'Byrne  died  Bishop  of 
Kildare.  Murrough  '  Mac  Byrn  '  of  Rainilough  and 
Connor  *  O'Brin  '  were  of  the  Irish  Chiefs,  to  whom 
Henry  the  Third  directed  a  special  requisition  for  re- 
pairing to  his  standard,  and  assisting  him  with  their 
forces  against  the  King  of  Scotland.*  In  1398, 
Roger  Mortimer,  Earl  of  March  and  Ulster,  and  Lord 
of  Dunamase,  was  killed  when  endeavouring  to  reduce 
this  mountain  Sept ;  a  catastrophe  which  induced  the 
second  visit  of  the  unfortunate  Richard  the  Second  to 
Ireland,  when  the  O'Byrne  was  fain  to  yield  him  ho- 
mage.f  In  1535,  Lord  Leonard  Grey  received  inti- 
mation that  one  of  the  Fitzgeralds,  uniting  with  Lord 
Baltinglas  and  a  Chieftain  of  the  O'Byrnes,  had  taken 
their  station  in  the  valleys  of  Glendalough,  that  their 
numbers  were  daily  increasing,  and  *  their  excursions 
were  pestilent  and  audacious/  In  two  years  after, 
however,  the  O'Byrne  made  his  submission  to  Lord 
Grey.  In  the  time  of  Queen  EUizabeth,  the  celebrated 
Feagh  Mac  Hugh  was  the  Captain  of  the  O'Byrnes  ; 
he  it  was  whom  Spencer  commemorates,  "  so  far 
emboldened  as  to  threaten  peril  even  to  Dublin,  over 

♦  Rymer's  Foedera.  f  Davis's  Hist.  Rel.  p.  22. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  431 

whose  neck  he  continually  hung."     His  capture  and 
escape  are  well  narrated  by  the  Four  Masters. 

Two  cruel  Inquisitions  were  held  at  Newcastle,  in 
the  County  of  Dublin  in  1604,  by  operation  of  which 
the  estates  of  upwards  of  eighty  of  the  O'Bymes  of 
Wicklow  were  declared  forfeited  to  the  Crown ;  many 
of  them,  as  appears  by  the  finding,  having  been  killed 
or  taken  prisoners  and  hanged  by  martial  law  during 
the  rebellion,  which  broke  out  2nd  of  September,  36th 
Elizabeth.  In  two  years  after,  eighty-five  others  of 
this  devoted  mountain  Sept  felt  it  necessary  in  pru- 
dence  to  pay  the  fines  and  charges  for  patents  of 
pardon.  The  Attainders  of  1642  include  one 
hundred  and  fifty-six  CBymes  in  their  old  County, 
with  four  in  Dublin,  three  in  the  County  of  Kildare, 
and  one  in  Carlow.  The  Kilkenny  Assembly  of  Con- 
federate Catholics  was  attended  by  Hugh  '  Brin '  of 
Corinnon,  Bryan  '  Bume '  of  Ballinacor,  Bryan  of 
Rodine,  James  of  Ballyaude,  and  John  of  Bally glann. 
Cromwell's  Denunciation  Act  of  1652  excepts  two  of 
these  Confederates,  there  described  as  Hugh  Mac 
Phelim  and  Bryan  Mac  Phelim  Byrne,  both  of  the 
County  of  Wicklow,  from  pardon  for  life  and  estate. 
In  the  Record  Tower  of  Dublin  Castle  is  a  petition  of 
Phelim  Byrne,  soon  after  the  Restoration,  to  recover 
his  ancient  inheritance  in  Wicklow  ;  but  it  does  not 
seem  to  have  been  effective. 

The  above  Captain  Sir  Gregory  Byrne  was  resident 
at  Tymogue  in  the  Queen's  County  ;  in  1669,  he 
married  Margaret  Copley,  sister  and  co-heiress  of  Sir 


Christopher  Copley,  and  grand-daughter  of  the  first 
Viscount  Kanelagh  ;  in  two  years  after  he  was 
created  a  Baronet,  and  in  1685  his  Lady  died,  leav- 
ing issue  by  him  an  only  son  Daniel.  Sir  Gregory 
was  attainted  in  1691  ;  nevertheless,  at  the  Court  of 
Chichester  House  he  claimed  estates  in  fee  in  divers 
lands  in  the  Queen's  County,  and  in  plots  and  houses 
in  Dublin  ;  but  the  claim  was  dismist  as  cautionary  ; 
while  some  other  interests  in  the  City  and  County  of 
Dublin  were  allowed  to  him.  He  married  to  his 
second  wife  Alice  Fleming,  only  daughter  of  Kandal 
Lord  Slane,  by  the  Lady  Penelope  Moore,  daughter  of 
Henry,  Earl  of  Drogheda  ;  (the  grand-daughter  of 
this  union,  having  married  into  the  family  of  Bryan 
of  Jenkinstown,  her  son  sought  to  establish  title  to 
the  dormant  title  of  Slane  as  heir  general  of  Christo- 
pher Lord  Slane,  and  on  the  extinction  of  all  interme- 
diate issue). Besides  this  Captain,  there  are  on  the 

present '  List '  Garret  and  John  Byrne,  Captains  in 
the  Earl  of  Westmeath's  Infantry.  The  former  was 
afterwards  adjudged  within  the  Articles  of  Limerick. 
In  the  Parliament  of  Dublin,  Hugh  Byrne  sat  as  one 
of  the  Representatives  of  the  Borough  of  Carysfort, 
and  Thomas  Byrne  as  one  of  that  of  Wicklow.  Sir 
Gregory  was  outlawed  on  four  Inquisitions  in  Dublin, 
Meath,  and  the  Queen's  County  ;  while  the  scattered 
quantity  of  these  political  attainders  in  1692,  in  rela- 
tion to  the  O'Byrnes,  powerfully  evinces  the  dispersion 
from  their  native  mountain  fastnesses,  to  which  this 
devoted  race  were  within  a  few  years  after  its  reduc- 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  433 

tion  subjected.  Nineteen  of  these  Inquisitions  were 
held  in  the  County  of  Wicklow,  eight  in  Carlow, 
seven  in  Westmeath,  three  in  Meath,  Dublin,  and 
Wexford  respectively,  two  in  the  Queen's  County,  and 
one  in  Louth ;  while  even  in  such  remote  settlements 
as  Derry  and  Galway  two  occur  in  the  former  and 
one  in  the  latter.  At  the  Court  of  Claims,  besides 
those  so  made  by  Sir  Gregory  Byrne,  Garret  Byrne 
claimedthe  tithes  of  Rectories  in  Wicklow  forfeited  by 
Hugh  Byrne,— dismist  for  non-prosecution.  Oflf  the 
forfeitures  of  Walter  Byrne  in  the  City  of  Dublin, 
his  widow  claimed  and  was  allowed  an  estate  for  life 
under  settlement  of  1682 ;  and  Edmund  Byrne 
claimed  and  was  allowed  the  fee  of  some  estates  of 
Thady  Byrne  in  the  Barony  of  Arklow,  County  of 

In  1707,  Dr.  Edmund  Byrne  was  the  Roman  Ca- 
tholic Archbishop  of  Dublin.  A  proclamation  issued 
in  1712  for  his  apprehension,  as  well  as  of  others 
"  who  attempted  to  exercise  ecclesiastical  jurisdiction 
contrary  to  the  laws  of  the  kingdom.''*  In  1746, 
'  Comet  Byrne'  was  one  of  the  rebel  officers  taken 
prisoner  at  sea,  being  in  the  'Pretender's'  service  on 
board  the  Charit^.f  In  1757,  Colonel  O'Byme  was 
a  distinguished  officer  in  the  Austrian  service ;  he 
died  in  1813. 

•  Hardiman's  Galway,  pp.  275-7. 
t  Gent.  Mag.  ad  annuniy  p.  145. 


434  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 


This  name  is  of  Irish  record  from  the  earliest  period 
after  the  Invasion,  while  the  Four  Masters  relate  the 
death  of  Actin  Russell  in  a  battle  between  the  Burkes 
and  O'Conors  in  1263.  In  1594,  Sir  William  Rus- 
sell  was  appointed  Lord  Justice  of  Ireland,  when  his 
earliest  movement  was  directed  against  the  O'Bymes 
at  their  stronghold  of  Ballinacor.  The  Attainders  of 
1642  comprise  the  names  of  Thomas  Russell  Ruagh 
of  Rush,  Christopher  Russell  of  Seatown,  Andrew 
Russell  of  Swords,  Patrick  of  Brownstown,  Nicholas 
of  Collinstown,  Thomas  of  Drynam,  and  Francis  of 
Kilrush,  all  in  the  County  of  Dublin  ;  with  Patrick 
Russell  of  Rodanstown,  County  of  Meath.  In  1646, 
George  Russell  of  Rathmolin  was  one  of  the  Confede- 
rate Catholics  assembled  at  Kilkenny. 

A  short  time  before  the  accession  of  King  James, 
Dr.  Patrick  Russell  (of  the  family  that,  as  shown  by 
the  above  attainders,  was  congregated  about  the 
ancient  town  of  Swords,)  was  appointed  the  Catholic 
Archbishop  of  Dublin,  in  which  dignity  he  continued 
during  that  monarch's  reign.  In  1685,  he  held  the 
first  Provincial  Council  at  Dublin  that  had  been 
known  for  many  years ;  and  Lord  Clarendon,  then 
Viceroy,  writing  at  that  time  to  the  Earl  of  Rochester 
one  of  his  state  letters,  says  of  this  prelate,  "  He  has 
been  with  me,  seems  to  be  a  good  man,  but  no  poli- 
tician ;  he  is  a  secular."*     In  the  peaceful  course  of 

*  Singer's  Corresp.  v.  1,  p.  887. 

THE  king's  EEGIMENT  OF  INFANTRY.  435 

his  life  he  continued,  by  synods  and  councils  and 
visitations,  to  inculcate  humility  and  attention  in  his 
clergy,  and  virtue  and  loyalty  in  their  flocks."* 
During  his  King's  residence  in  the  Irish  metropolis,  he 
performed  the  service  and  rites  of  his  church  con- 
stantly in  the  Koyal  presence  ;  the  last  permitted 
occasion  of  these  solemnities  having  been  for  the 
consecration  of  a  Benedictine  nunnery  in  Dublin. 
On  the  downfall  of  the  Stuart  dynasty,  he  fled  to 
Paris,  whence  however  he  returned  to  close  his  life  in 
the  land  of  his  birth  and  ministry.  At  the  termi- 
nation of  the  year  1692  he  died,  and  was  buried  in  the 
venerable  church  of  Lusk  near  Swords.  While  he 
was  Primate,  his  principal  residence  was  in  the  old 
chapel-house  at  Francis-street,  by  the  Fraternity  of 
which  establishment  an  ancient  censer  is  preserved 
exhibiting  the  inscription,  "  Orate  pro  Patricio 
Russell^  Archiepiscopo  Dublinioe^  Primati  Hibernian 
et  pro  qus  fratre  Jacobo  Russell^  Decano  Duhlinice 
et  Prothonotario  ApostoUcO^  qui  me  fieri  fecitJ"^ 
During  King  James's  reign  he  enjoyed  a  pension  of 
£200  per  annum  charged  on  the  Irish  Exchequer. 
The  above  Captain  Bartholomew  Russell  was  the  pro- 
prietor of  Seatown,  County  of  Dublin,  by  which  de- 
scription  he  was  attainted  in  1691 ;  while  there 
appear  on  this  Army  List  Garret  and  Thomas  Russell, 
Ensigns  in  the  Earl  of  Tyrone's  Infantry  (the  latter 
described  on  his  attainder  as  of  Ballymacscanlon, 
County  of  Louth),  and  Christopher  Russell  (described 

*  D' Alton's  Archbishops  of  Dublin,  p.  454.         t  Idem.  p.  45fi. 

FF    2 

436  KING  James's  irisu  army  list. 

as  of  Seatown,  County  of  Dublin)  a  Captain  in  Colonel 
Cormuck  CNeilFs  Infantry. 

The  Attainders  of  1691,  besides  the  above  officers, 
include  the  names  of  Valentine  Russell  of  Quoniams- 
town,  James  of  Russelstown,  County  of  Westmeath, 
Robert  of  Drynam  (who  had  been  one  of 'the  Repre- 
sentatives of  Swords  in  the  Parliament  of  1689),  and 
eight  other  Russells  in  the  Counties  of  Cork,  Water- 
ford,  Down,  and  Louth.  Captain  Bartholomew 
forfeited  much  about  Swords  and  in  the  Barony  of 
Nethercross.  Thomas's  confiscations  were  of  portions 
of  the  Rectorial  tithes  of  Julianstown,  Flatten,  and 
Dunany.  Valentine's  comprised  extensive  estates 
in  the  County  of  Down,  in  which  his  son  Patrick 
Russell,  then  a  minor,  claimed  an  estate  tail  as 
(lid  his  mother  Mary  Russell,  alias  Hanlon,  by 
Hugh  Hanlon  her  Trustee,  a  rent  charge  in  lieu  of 
dower  under  marriage  articles  of  February,  1683. 
Their  petitions  do  not,  however,  appear  to  have  been 
allowed,  and  a  portion  of  his  estates,  including  Quon- 
iamstown  was  sold  by  the  Commissioners  of  the  For- 
feitures in  1703  to  Robert  Echlin  of  Rush,  Esq. 
Bridget,  the  only  child  and  heiress  of  Robert  Russell 
of  Drynam,  married  Andrew  Cruise  of  the  Naul 
family.  See  post^  at  Captain  Francis  Cruise,  in  the 
Earl  of  Tyrone's  Infantry. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  437 


This  name  'Hecket'  occurs  on  the  Roll  of  Battle 
Abbey  as  of  one  of  the  Knights  who  attended  the  Con- 
queror  from  Normandy.  His  race  early  extended 
over  Worcestershire  and  Yorkshire.  One  of  his 
decendants,  Paganus  Hacket,  came  over  to  Ireland 
with  the  English  Invasion.  He  witnessed  an  en- 
dowment from  Hugh  Tyrrell  to  the  priory  of  Kilmain- 
ham  about  1180,  and  acquired,  a  grant  of  lands  in  the 
district  of  Wicklow  still  known  by  the  name  of 
Hacketstown,*  which  remained  in  his  line  until  their 
adhesion  to  the  Earl  of  Desmond  caused  its  confis- 
cation in  the  time  of  Queen  Elizabeth.  In  1200, 
Eowland  Hacket  was  seised  of  lands  near  Einsale 
County  of  Dublin  ;t  and  in  1250,  William  Hacket 

founded  the   Franciscan    Friary,  in    Cashel. In 

1302,  John  and  Kobert  'Haket'  were  of  the  'Fideles' 
of  Ireland,  whose  services  were  sought  by  special 
Koyal  mandate  for  the  war  in  Scotland.  J  About  the 
same  time,  Robert  and  Walter  Haket  received  similar 
recognitions  of  the  King's  confidence,§  the  latter 
being  entrusted  with  the  custody  of  Newcastle 
Mac  Kinegan  near  Delgany.  In  1356,  Andrew 
Hakett  was  Sheriff  and  Escheator  of  the  County  of 
Cross-Tipperary.  At  the  Battle  of  Agincourt,  Rich- 
ard Hakett  was  one  of  the  Knights  in  the  Duke  of 

*  Lynch's  Feudal  Dignities,  p.  255. 

f  Archdairs  Monasticon,  p.  152. 

J  Parliamentary  Writs.  §  Roll  in  Irish  Chancery. 


Gloucester's  retinue,  as  was  another  Kichard  in  Sir 
Henry  Hussey's,  and  a  Walter  Haket  in  Sir  William 
Bourchier's.*  In  1460,  David  Haket  was  Bishop  of 
Ossory  ;  and  in  1484,  Peter  Haket  was  Archbishop 
of  Cashel.  In  the  sixteenth  century,  and  it  would 
seem  anterior  to  it,  a  branch  of  this  family  was  estab- 
lished in  the  county  of  Galway,  and  erected  a  castle 
on  a  townland  of  that  district  which  still  bears  the 
name  of  Castle-Hacket.  By  Inquisition  of  1584,  it 
was  found  that  Ulick  Mac  Redmond  Mac  Meyler  died 
in  1571,  seised  of  the  castles  of  Castle-Hacket  and 
Cahir-Morris  ;  but  that  Mac  Hacket,  the  chief  of  his 
name,  and  others  of  the  Sept  of  the  Hackets,  claimed 
the  aforesaid  Castle  of  Castle-Hacket,  with  the  two 
quarters  of  land  adjoining,  f 

The  Attainders  of  1642  comprise  but  one  individual 
in  the  old  County,  described  as  George  Hackett  of 
Ballinahensy,  County  of  Wicklow ;  about  which 
time  Thomas  Hackett  was  transplanted  to  Connaught, 
and  others  of  the  name  settled  in  the  County  of  Mayo, 
where  they  seem  now  extinct.  In  1672,  Thomas 
Hacket  succeeded  to  the  Sees  of  Down  and  Connor. 
In  1678,  Thomas  Hacket,  described  as  of  Dublin, 
merchant,  an  especial  friend  of  the  Duke  of  Tyrconnel, 
had  a  grant  of  upwards  of  1,000  statutable  acres  in 
the  Barony  of  Clare,  County  of  Galway,  with  cer- 
tain savings.  In  the  Parliament  of  Dublin  (1689), 
Thomas  Hackett,  Bishop  of  Down  and  Connor,  was 
one  of  the  spiritual  Peers  ;  while  in  the  Commons,  Sir 

*  Nicholas's  Agin  court.  f  Hardiman's  Galway,  p.  21. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.      439 

Thomas  Hacket  represented  Portarlington,  as  did 
Alderman  James  the  City  of  Cashel.  Another  Hac- 
kett  (James)  appears  on  this  Army  List  a  Lieutenant 
in  Colonel  Thomas  Butler's  Infantry.  When  King 
James,  after  the  Boyne,  fled  from  Dublin  through  the 
hills  of  Wicklow,  he  stopped  for  a  few  hours  with  some 
followers  at  the  house  of  a  Mr.  Hackett  near  Arklow, 
whence  he  proceeded  to  Duncannon,  arriving  there 
about  sunrise.  According  to  Archbishop  King,  a 
Captain  Robert  Hacket  was  one  of  those  who  followed 
the  fortunes  of  James  to  France. 

In  1691,  was  attainted  Thomas  Hackett,  de- 
scribed as  of  Cloncullen,  with  five  others  of  the  name. 
It  does  not  appear  how  far  the  estates  of  this  Thomas 
Hackett  were  affected  by  attainder,  but  by  a  Private 
Act  of  the  Irish  Parliament  in  1706,  explained  by 
another  of  1708,  those  of  Sir  Thomas  Hacket  were 
vested  in  Trustees  for  the  payment  of  his  debts. 


This  '  name  is '  of  record  in  Ireland  early  in  the  reign 
of  Edward  the  Second,  from  which  time  it  extended 
its  branches  over  all  the  Counties  of  the  Pale.  The 
Attainders  of  1642  present  the  names  of  six  Warrens. 
Of  the  Confederate  Catholics  at  Kilkenny  in  1646, 
were  Alexander  Warren,  then  styled  of  Churchtown  ; 
Edward  Warren, '  late  of  Dublin,'  and  William  War- 
ren of  Casheltown.     About  the  year  1667,  William 


and  John  Warren  of  Corduff  joined  in  conveying  a 
parcel  of  Castlekuock  to  the  Crown,  for  the  purpose 
of  enlarging  the  Phoenix  Park.  This  William  War- 
ren,  as  apj^ears  by  Inquisition  of  1687,  was  seised  of 
upwards  of  283  acres  in  Upper  Castleknock,  51  in 
Carpenterstown,  and  58  in  Lacken,  which  he  had 
settled  in  tail-mail  on  his  nephew,  the  above  Captain 
Thomas,  by  deed  of  22nd  March,  1669. 

It  is  of  legal  record  that  Lord  Dongan,  whom  James 
the  Second  afterwards  created  Earl  of  Limerick,  leased 
in  1688  lands  in  the  County  of  Kildare  to  a  Maurice 
Warren  for  his  life,  and  the  lives  of  his  nephews  Ed- 
ward  and  William  Warren,  with  covenant  for  per- 
petual  renewal.  William  died  in  the  camp  of  Dun- 
dalk,  while  the  lessor  was  in  the  Irish  Army,  and 
Maurice  himself  (the  lessee)  died  in  1691,  when  Gil- 
bert, the  eldest  son  of  Maurice,  entered  on  the  lands, 
but  was  unable  to  obtain  a  renewal,  by  reason  that 
the  Earl  of  Athlone,  the  Patentee  of  the  estates  of  the 
attainted  Earl  of  Limerick,  was  absent  from  Ireland. 
On  the  establishment  of  1687-8,  a  Mrs.  Mary  Warren 
appears  for  a  pension  of  £80.  Thomas  Warren  was 
then  Sheriff  of  Dublin,  as  he  was  again  in  the  year 
of  King  James's  sojourn  there.  He  was  attainted  in 
1691,  by  the  description  of  Thomas  Warren  of  Cor- 
duff, County  of  Dublin,  and  of  Warrenstown,  County 
of  Meath.  Besides  this  officer  there  appear  of  the 
name  on  this  Army  List,  John  Warren  a  Captain, 
and  Richard  Warren  a  Lieutenant  in  Sir  Maurice 
Eustace's   Infantry.      In   Lord   Bophin's,   Laurence 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  441 

Warren  was  a  Lieutenant.  In  Sir  Michael  Creagh's, 
Edward  was  a  Captain,  as  was  Nicholas  in  Sir  Charles 
Cavenagh's  (but  appointed  subsequent  to  the  date  of 
the  present  Army  List.)  Said  Captain  John  War- 
ren was  SheriflFof  Dublin  in  1686  ;  in  1689  he  was 
a  Deputy  Lieutenant  of  the  County,  and  in  the  Par- 
liament of  that  year  represented  the  Borough  of  Car- 
low.  He  was  attainted  as  of  *  Warrenstown,  County 
of  Meath,'  and  also  of  Carlow,  but  his  forfeitures  lay 
chiefly  in  the  Queen's  County,  and  in  the  County  and 
Town  of  Carlow.  At  the  Court  of  Claims,  Maurice 
Warren  claimed  some  judgment  debts  as  affecting 
the  Carlow  estate  of  John,  some  of  which  were  allowed; 
while  Henry  Warren  claimed  and  was  allowed  a  mort- 
gage in  fee  on  said  property;  and  subject  to  these 
charges  his  lands  were  sold  in  1703  to  Colonel  Went- 
worth  Hardman,  and  to  Walter  Weldon  of  Rahin,  as 
were  the  town  plots  to  Charles  Bouleey.  There  were 
also  attainted  in  1692  Patrick,  James,  and  Michael 
Warren,  described  as  of  Warrenstown,  County  of 
Meath  ;  and  Richard  Warren  of  Carlow. 


"  This,"  says  Sir  Bernard  Burke,  in  his  Landed 
Gentry^  "  is  one  of  the  most  ancient  Anglo-Norman 
families  in  Ireland.''  Amongst  the  Knights  who 
accompanied  Richard  de  Clare,  Earl  of  Pembroke, 
(Strongbow)  to  that  country  in  1169,  were  Gilbert 


de  Angulo  and  his  two  sons  Jocelyn  and  Ilostilio. 
From  the  latter  descends  the  family  of  de  Costello, 
called  Mac  Hostilio  or  Mac  Costello.  Gilbert  de  An- 
gulo  obtained  the  territory  of  Maherigallen  and  other 
lands  in  Meath ;  whilst  his  eldest  son  Jocelyn  acquired 
Navan  and  the  lands  of  Ardbraccan,  whence  his  lineal 
successors,  the  Nangles,  were  subsequently  styled 
Barons  of  Navan.  His  descendant  in  the  fourteenth 
generation,  Sir  Thomas  Nangle,  Baron  of  Navan, 
married  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Jenico,  third 
Viscount  Gormanstown,  by  Catherine,  eldest  daughter 
of  Gerald,  ninth  Earl  of  Kildare  ;  and  had  issue  by 
her  eight  sons,  the  youngest  of  whom,  Walter  Nangle 
of  Kildalkey  in  the  County  of  Meath,  was  grandfather 
of  the  above  Captain  Walter,  who  was  himself  father 
of  Captain  George,  as  well  as  of  Edward,  a  Lieutenant 
herein,  and  of  Garret  or  Gerald,  a  Lieutenant  in  Sir 
Michael  Creagh's  Infantry,  Captain  Walter  had 
been  SheriflFof  Meath  in  1687,  and  was  one  of  the 
Representatives  of  the  Borough  of  Trim  in  the  Parlia- 
ment of  1689. 

In  1605,  Robert  Nangle  obtained  a  grant  or  con- 
firmation from  King  James  of  the  Manor  and  Castle 
of  Ballysax,  with  divers  lands  and  tithes  in  the 
Counties  of  Kildare  and  Tipperary,  *  in  due  acknow- 
ledgment,'  as  was  recited  in  the  patent,  of  his  wounds 
and  losses  sustained  in  his  several  services  of  extra- 
ordinary merit  to  the  Crown.  He  was,  however, 
attainted  in  1642,  together  with  Matthew  Nangle, 
also  styled  of  Ballysax,  Roland  of  Ardrass,  Peter  of 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.      443 

Naas,  clerk  ;  Thomas  Nangle,  otherwise  Baron  of 
Navan,  and  Jocelyn  Nangle  of  Kildalkey  (the  younger 
brother  of  the  above  Captain  Walter).  In  1646, 
Roger  Nangle,  styled  of  Glynmore,  was  of  the  Con- 
federate Catholics  in  the  Supreme  Council.  On  this 
Army  List,  besides  the  Nangles  in  this  Regiment, 
Robert  Nangle  is  mentioned  by  Mr.  O'Callaghan  as 
having  been  a  Major  in  Tyrconners  Regiment.  He 
was  killed  near  Raphoe  in  the  skirmishes  that  pre- 
ceded the  siege  of  Derry.  Walker,  in  his  Diary  of 
the  siege,  writes  (p.  62)  that  "  Major  Nangle  was 
drowned  coining  over  at  Lifford."  The  Inquisition  of 
Attainder  on  said  Robert  Nangle  bears  date  in  Sep- 
tember, 1694,  and  finds  him  seised  of  various  estates 
in  the  County  of  Westmeath.  In  King  James's  New 
Charters,  John  Nangle  was  appointed  Portrieve  in  that 
to  Navan,  while  Walter  was  one  of  its  Burgesses.  In 
another  to  Trim,  Walter,  Greorge,  and  Edward  Nangle 
were  Burgesses,  as  was  Walter  in  a  third  to  Athboy. 

Sir  Richard  Nagle  before  aUuded  to  (p.  147),  where 
the  present  notices  should  have  been  introduced,  is 
mentioned  by  Lord  Clarendon  *  as  "  Richard  Nangle, 
a  lawyer,  a  Roman  Catholic,  and  a  man  of  the  best  re- 
putation for  learning  as  well  as  honesty  amongst  the 
people  f  and  when,  in  May,  1686,  he  was  ap- 
pointed one  of  King  James's  Council,  Lord  Claren- 
don, in  a  letter  to  the  Duke  of  Ormond,  thus  com- 
mented :  "  I  do  a  little  wonder  to  find  Mr.  Nan- 
gle's  name  among  them,  though  he  be  a  very  honest 

*  Singer's  Corresp.  of  Ld.  Clarendon,  v.  1,  p.  273. 


and  able  man.  Yet  it  is  very  extraordinary  to 
have  a  practising  lawyer  a  Privy  Councillor ;  and 
will  not  be  very  decent  for  him  to  follow  his  practice 
or  to  quit  his  profession  ;  I  believe  he  will  not  like  it. 
I  am  sure  he  had  no  mind  to  be  a  judge,  and  I  believe 
he  will  be  as  little  pleased  with  this  preferment.''* 
Again,  "  I  have  not  heard  it  was  yet  ever  done  but  to 
Sir  Francis  Bacon,  when  he  was  Attorney-General ; 
and  to  satisfy  his  ambition  by  the  credit  he  had  with 
the  Duke  of  Buckingham,  or  rather  by  importunity 
he  was  made  a  Privy  Councillor,  but  never  appeared 
afterwards  in  Westminster  Hall,  unless  the  King's 
business  required  him.^f  Nangle  (Nagle)  declined 
the  honor,  and  the  King  accepted  his  resignation. 

The  Attainders  of  1691  comprise  the  above  Walter 
and  Greorge,  together  with  Edward  Nangle  of  Kil- 
dalkey,  Francis  of  Harberston,  John  of  Navan,  Gerald 
of  Mayne,  Piers  of  Kilmihill,  and  Robert  Nangle,  all 
of  the  County  of  Westmeath.  At  the  Court  of 
Chichester  House,  Walter  Nangle  claimed  and  was 
allowed  an  estate  tail  in  Meath  lands  forfeited  by  the 
above  Captain  Walter,  as  did  Margaret  Nangle  her 
jointure  off  said  estate,  and  also  off  Walter's  West- 
meath estates  ;  while  Penelope  Nangle  claimed  a 
jointure  and  her  son  Robert  (a  minor)  an  estate  tail 
in  the  Westmeath  lands  of  Robert  Nangle.  A  great 
portion  of  Captain  Walter  Nangle's  estate  in  Meath 
was  aft;erwards  sold  to  John  AsgiU  of  Dublin,  as  were 

*  Singer's  Corresp.  of  Lord  Clarendon,  vol.  1,  p.  411. 
t  Idem.  p.  417. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.      445 

Robert  Nangle's  estates  in  Westmeath  to  the  Hollow 
Swords  Blades'  Company. 


The  name  of  Segrave  or  Sedgrave  is  of  record  in 
Ireland  from  the  time  of  Edward  the  Second,  their 
chief  seat  being  early  recorded  as  at  Killeglan  in  the 
County  of  Meath.  See  further  of  this  name  post^  at 
Captain  Francis  Segrave,  in  Sir  Maurice  Eustace's 
Infantry.  In  a  confirmatory  grant  of  1668,  of  lands 
and  premises  in  various  counties  to  Charles  Viscount 
Fitz-Harding,  the  rights  of  John  Segrave  to  certain 
houses  and  plots  within  the  Manor  of  Rathmore  were 
especially  saved,  and  he  may  possibly  be  the  above 
Captain,  afterwards  attainted  as  of  Cabra,  County  of 
Dublin,  and  Burtonstown,  County  of  Meath.  He  was, 
however,  adjudged  within  the  Articles  of  Limerick. 
Besides  this  Captain  John,  there  appear  on  the  Army 
List  said  Francis,  a  Captain,  and  Laurence  Segrave, 
his  Lieutenant,  in  Sir  Maurice  Eustace's  Infantry. 
The  attainders  of  1691  present  the  names  of  the 
above  Captain  and  John  Segrave,  with  those  of 
Gilbert  and  Nicholas  Segrave  of  Ballyhack,  County  of 
Meath,  and  Francis  Segrave  of  Fryarstown  and  of 
Rosberry,  County  of  Kildare. 



The  O'MuUedy's  were  an  ancient  sept  of  the  King's 
County  and  We«tmeatli,  located  near  Gany-Castle. 
In  1447,  Cornelius  O'Mulledy  succeeded  to  the  See  of 
Clonfert,  wlience  in  the  following  year  he  was  trans- 
lated to  that  of  Emly .  The  only  individual  of  the  name 
attainted  in  1642  was  styled  Patrick  0'  *  Mulhuiy, 
Baronet,  of  Ballinver,  County  of  Meath.  A  letter  is 
extant  of  the  10th  of  August,  1690,  from  the  Wil- 
liamite  Colonel  Wolseley  to  Secretary  Southwell, 
'  from  the  camp  near  Mullingar  ;'  in  which  he  says, 
''  We  had  advices  from  Colonel  Babington  that  2,000 

of  the  enemy  were  got  together  at  Tyrrelspass, 

they  advanced  with  about  1 20  Horse,  '  who'  our  men 

charged  and  broke  ; the  night  came  upon   us  or 

else  we  had  done  great  execution;  as  it  was,  we  killed 
between  80  and  100,  and  have  taken  prisoners  tliree 
of  the  greatest  rogues  amongst  them,  viz.  Andrew 
Tuite,  James  Ledwich,  and  Redmund  Mulledy,  late 
Sheriff  for  King  James.  They  are  no  soldiers  nor 
have  any  commission  for  what  they  do,  and  therefore 
I  have  a  great  mind  to  hang  them  if  His  Majesty  will 
either  give  orders  for  it  or  say  nothing  about  it,  but 
leave  me  to  myself ;  for  I  am  well  assured  that  an 
Irishman  is  to  be  taught  his  duty  only  by  the  rod. 
Tuite's  father  holds  out  a  garrison  now  in  an  island 
within  two  miles  of  this  place.  I  conceive  the  whole 
number  of  this  party  were  about  1,000 ;  one  Nugent, 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  447 

the  present  SheriflF  for  King  James,  headed  them/** 
Dean  Story  reports  the  transaction  as  that  "  one 
Mulledy,  late  High  SheriflF  of  Longford,  got  at  least 
3,000  of  rabble  or  such  like  near  Mullingar,  where 
they  hectored  and  swaggered  for  some  days,"  adding, 
that  Colonel  Wolseley  fell  in  with  the  party  and  killed 
about  thirty  of  them,  "  High  SheriflT  Mulledy  being 
wounded  and  never  since  able  to  raise  such  a  ^  posse 
comitatus.^^  Those  of  this  name  attainted  in  1691 
were  the  above  Anthony  Mulledy,  described  as  of 
Bobertstown,  Knight ;  Redmund  Mulledy  of  Grange- 
more,  and  Hugh  Mulledy  of  Rathwyre,  in  the  County 
of  Westmeath  ;  John  Mulledy  of  Dublin,  and  John 
Mulledy  of  BaDintobber,  County  of  Mayo.  The  estates 
of  Redmund  and  Hugh  Mulledy,  comprising  the 
Lordship  of  Rathwyre  and  various  other  lands,  &c., 
in  the  County  of  Westmeath,  were  sold  by  the  Com- 
missioners  of  Forfeited  Estates  to  Chichester  Phillips 
of  Drumcondra,  County  of  Dublin,  and  a  larger 
proportion  to  Robert  Pakenham  of  Bracklyn.  Those 
of  the  above  Captain  Sir  Anthony  lay  in  the  Baronies 
of  Dunboyne  and  Ratoath,  County  of  Meath. 


This  name  is  of  Irish  record  from  the  time  of  Edward 
the  Second.  Several  links  in  the  pedigree  of  Arun- 
dells  of  Main,  in  the  County  of  Limerick,  in  the  17th 

*  Clarke's  MSS.  Correspondence,  Trin.  Coll.  liby.  Lett.  Ixxxiii. 


century,  are  given  in  a  genealogical  manuscript  in 
Trinity  College,  Dublin  (F  3,  27).  In  the  Munster 
war  of  1600,  Paul  Arundel  was  a  Captain  in  Lord 
Audley's  Regiment  of  Infantry.  The  Attainders  of 
1642  present  the  names  of  Garret  Arundel  and  Garret 
Oge  Arundel,  both  described  as  of  Aghdullane,  County 
of  Cork.  Lord  Henry,  the  third  Baron  Arundell  of 
Wardour,  who  was  one  of  the  persons  committed  to 
prison  in  1678  on  the  information  of  the  infamous 
Titus  Gates,  after  suffering  five  years'  incarceration, 
was  released,  and  on  King  James's  accession  to  the 
throne  was  sworn  of  the  Privy  Council.  In  the  fol- 
lowing year  he  was  constituted  Lord  Keeper  of  the 
Privy  Seal,  and  honored  with  the  order  of  the  Bath. 
In  the  will  which  King  James  executed  at  Whitehall, 
on  the  eve  of  his  abdication,  17th  November,  1688, 
he  appointed  this  nobleman  the  adviser  of  his  Queen, 
and  he  is  one  of  the  witnesses  to  the  instrument. 
Gn  that  King's  departure.  Lord  Arundel,  retiring 
from  public  life,  secluded  himself  at  Breamore  in 
Wilts,  where  he  died  28th  December,  1694.*  The 
above  Captain  Arundel  fell  at  the  battle  of  the  Boyne.f 


The  Attainders  of  1642  name  amongst  the  forfeiting 
proprietors  Francis  Wafer  of  Gyanstown,  County  of 

Burke's  Peerage,  p  36.  f  Clarke's  James  II.  v.  2,  p.  399. 


Meath,  and  those  of  1691  have  the  same  name  as  of 
Castletown  in  said  County. 


Though  this  name  is  of  Irish  record  since  the  time  of 
the  Tudors,  nothing  worthy  of  notice  connected  with 
this  individual  has  been  discovered- 


The  OTahys  were  an  ancient  sept  of  the  County  of 
Galway,  while  the  only  notice  attainable  here  is  of  an 
Adjutant  Fahy,  who,  according  to  Walker,*  was 
killed  at  Derry. 


This  was  the  name  of  a  clan  tributary  to  the  O'Bryan, 
yet  in  the  time  of  Elizabeth  so  influential,  that  in 
Clare,  Boetius  '  Glanchy'  was  one  of  the  Eepresenta- 
tives  of  that  County  in  Sir  John  Perrot's  Parliament 
of  1585,  and  was  afterwards  its  Sheriff.  The  name 
of  this  Lieutenant  does  not  appear  on  the  Attainders 
of  1692,  which  suggests  that  he  may  have  fallen  in 
the  campaign.     Those  outlawries  have  the  names  of 

*  Siege  of  Deny,  p.  86. 



Murtough  and  James  Clancy  of  Knocklane,  and  another 
Boetius  Clancy  of '  Glancan/  both  in  said  County. 


This  name  is  of  record  on  Irish  Rolls  from  the  time 
of  Richard  the  Second  ;  and  James  Weldon,  described 
as  of  Newry,  was  of  the  Confederate  Catholics  at 
Kilkenny  in  1647. 


The  Mac  Brannans  were  chiefs  of  Corcaghlan,  a  dis- 
trict of  the  County  of  Roscommon,  forming  part  of 
that  in  which  is  the  well-known  mountain  Slieve- 
Ban.  So  early  as  in  the  year  1150,  the  Masters 
record  the  death  of  Maolisa  Brannan,  Archdeacon  of 
Derry  ;  and  in  1159  that  of  Branan  Mac  Branan, 
chief  of  Corcaighlann,  in  a  battle  between  the  O'Conors 
and  O'Briens.  The  Kilkenny  Supreme  Council  of  1646 
had  of  its  Commons,  John  Brennan,  styled  of  Cloyne- 


Besides  this  officer,  a  Peter  '  Nihill'  was  Lieutenant 
in  Lord  Kilmallock's  Infantry.  On  the  Attainders  of 
1691  are  the  names  of  James  Nihill  of  Limerick  and 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  451 

Dublin,  and  the  above  David  Nihill,  styled  of  the 
Barony  of  Tulla,  County  of  Clare.  In  the  lands  of 
the  latter,  Laurence  Nihill  claimed  an  estate  tail,  but 
was  dismist,  while  Elinor  Nihill,  alias  Hackett,  as  his 
widow  and  executrix,  sought  and  was  allowed  a  third 
part  of  his  Clare  estates,  as  in  pursuance  of  his  will 
of  1683  ;  and  Robert  Woulfe  made  a  claim  thereon 
for  the  portion  of  his  wife  Anstace,  a  daughter  of  said 
David.  At  the  battle  of  Lauffield  in  1 746,  Lieutenant 
Nihillj  of  Dillon's  Regiment,  was  killed. 


This  Cambrian  name  is  of  record  in  Ireland  from  the 
time  of  the  English  invasion.  In  1287  flourished 
Sir  Nicholas  Taaffe,  whose  son  John  Taaffe  was  by  the 
Pope's  provision  consecrated  Archbishop  of  Armagh. 
He  died  at  Rome  in  1306,  after  taking  the  mitre,  but 
never  saw  his  see.*  In  1295,  Richard  Taaffe  was 
Sheriff  of  Dublin,  and,  in  1311,  a  member  of  the  Par- 
liament of  Kilkenny.  In  1373  and  1375,  Richard 
Taaffe  of  Ballybragan  and  John  Taaffe  were  summoned 
to  Great  Councils  ;  and  in  1376,  John  Taaffe  of 
CastJe-Lumnagh  was  Sheriff  of  Louth.  In  1479,  Sir 
Laurence  Taaffe,  the  descendant  of  the  above  Sir 
Nicholas,  was  one  of  the  honorable  fraternity  of  St. 

*  Ware's  Bishops,  p.  71. 

GG  2 


George  in  Ireland  on  its  first  institution  ;  and  in 
1560,  Nicholas  TaaflFe  of  Ballybragan  was  Sheriff  of 

In  1628,  Sir  John  Taaffe  of  this  family  was  ad- 
vanced  to  the  Peerage  by  the  titles  of  Baron  of 
Ballymote  and  Viscount  Corran,  in  the  County  of 
Sligo.  His  eldest  son  Theobald  was  created  Earl  of 
Carlingford  in  1661 ;  his  second  son  Lucas  Taaffe  was 
a  Major-General  in  the  Irish  Army  during  the  Com- 
monwealth, was  appointed  Governor  of  Ross  in  1649, 
and  defended  that  town  against  Cromwell,  but,  being 
subsequently  obliged  to  expatriate  himself,  served  as  a 
Colonel  in  Italy  and  Spain,  whence  on  the  Restoration 
he  returned  and  died  in  Ireland.!  On  the  Attainders 
of  1642,  the  only  Taaffe  is  Laurence  Taaffe,  described 
as  of  '  Killen,'  County  of  Meath.  Cromwell's  Ordi- 
nance of  1652  excepted  from  pardon  for  life  and 
estate  Theobald,  '  Viscount  Taaffe  of  Corran,'  and 
Luke  Taaffe,  his  brother.  In  1665,  by  the  operation 
of  the  Act  of  Settlement,  the  aforesaid  Lucas,  by  the 
style  of  Colonel  Lucas  Taaffe,  and  Elizabeth  his  wife, 
were  restored  to  the  "  jointure,  portions,  lands,  &c., 
which  she  or  any  for  her  use  had  held  and  enjoyed  f 
while  Theobald  his  brother,  the  Viscount,  was  likewise 
restored  to  his  estates,  and  directed  to  have  and  enjoy 
to  him  and  his  heirs  the  manors,  lands,  &c.,  whereof 

Christopher  Taaffe  of  Bryanstown  and Taaffe  of 

Cockston  were  seised  on  the  23rd  of  October,  1641. 

♦   See  Dalton's  Drogheda,  v.  2,  p.  162. 
t    Burke's  Extinct  Peerage. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  453 

He  had  likewise  a  i)ension  of  £800  per  annum  on 
the  establishment,  with  other  substantial  marks  of 
Royal  favour,  and  died  in  December,  1677.  His  son 
Nicholas  was  a  Colonel  in  this  campaign,  but  not  on 
the  present  Army  List.  In  King  James's  Charters 
of  1697,  John  Taaffe  was  one  of  the  Burgesses  in  that 
to  Sligo  ;  as  were  John  '  Taafe,'  merchant,  George, 
Peter,  Nicholas,  and  another  John  in  one  to  the 
Borough  of  Ardee. 

Besides  those  of  the  name  in  this  Regiment,  Nicho- 
las Taaffe  was  a  Cornet  in  Tyrconnel's  Horse,  and 
Thomas  Taaffe  a  Quarter-Master  in  Sarsfield's.  At 
the  siege  of  Derry,  a  Major  John  Taaffe,  who  was 
brother  to  the  Peer  of  Carlingford,was  killed  at  Penny- 
burn  Mill.  In  King  James's  Parliament  of  Dublin 
sat  in  the  House  of  Peers  Nicholas,  Earl  of  Carling- 
ford,  who  was  soon  after  despatched  as  a  confidential 
envoy  to  the  Emperor  Leopold  ;  from  which  embassy 
returning,  he  in  the  following  year  commanded  a  Regi- 
ment of  Infantry  at  the  Boyne,  where  he  fell  heading 
a  charge.  He  had  married,  but  left  no  issue  ;* 
whereupon  his  honors  devolved  upon  his  brother 
Francis  Taaffe,  the  celebrated  Count  Taaffe  of  the  Ger- 
manic Empire ;  he  ranked  there  a  Marshal,  and  when 
he  succeeded  to  his  honors  in  his  native  land,  was,  by 
a  special  clause  in  the  acts  of  William  and  Mary, 
saved  from  the  consequences  of  outlawry  and  attain- 
der. He  was  Colonel  of  the  Royal  Cuirassiers  under 
the  Emperor,  and  Lieutenant-General  of  the  Horse 

*  Archdall's  Lodge,  v.  5,  p.  296. 

454  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

(see  of  him  fully  in  O'CallagharCs  Irish  Brigades, 
vol.  1,  p.  370,  &c.)  After  the  disastrous  day  at  the 
Boyne,  Mr.  TaaflFe,  'the  Duke  of  Tyrconnel's  chaplain/ 
"a  very  honest  and  discreet  clergyman,"*  was  one  of 
those  who  strongly  laboured  to  persuade  his  discomfited 
Sovereign  to  fly  from  Dublin.  The  Attainders  of 
1691  contain  the  names  of  the  above  Christopher 
Taaffe,  styled  of  Steplienstown  ;  five  others  in  the 
County  of  Louth  ;  and  one,  Francis  Taaffe  of  Bally- 
mote,  County  of  Sligo.  At  Chichester  House,  a 
Theobald  Taaffie  claimed  and  was  allowed  the  benefit 
of  sundry  mortgages  affiecting  the  Louth  and  Sligo 
estates  of  Lord  Carlingford.  Of  the  services  of  Taaffe's 
Brigaded  Regiment,  see  'OConar's  Military  Memoirs, 
pp.  251-2  and  262. 


This  family  is  of  record  here  from  the  time  of  Edward 
the  Second,  having  come,  from  Devonshire,  where 
Bathe  House  was  long  the  designation  of  the  locality 
of  its  settlement. In  Ireland  the  name  first  ap- 
pears in  the  person  of  Simon  Bathe,  a  proprietor  of 
lands  in  the  County  of  Limerick  at  the  commence- 
ment of  the  fourteenth  century.  In  1327,  Richard 
de  Burgo,  Earl  of  Ulster,  having  recently  died  in- 
debted to  the  King,  Matthew  de  Bathe  was  commanded 
on  his  allegiance  and  under  heavy  penalties,  to  take 

*  Clarke's  James  II.  v.  2.  p.  402. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  455 

into  his  custody  and  care  all  money  and  jewels,  silver 
vessels,  and  all  other  the  goods  and  chattels  of  the  said 
Earl,  and  them  safely  to  keep  until  he  received  the 
Royal  commands.  This  Matthew  continued  a  confi- 
dential subject  of  King  Edward,  and  of  his  successor 
Edward  the  Third,  the  latter  having  in  1333  granted 
to  him  the  manor  of  Rathfay  in  the  County  of  Meath, 
with  the  advowson.  In  1381,  Thomas  Bathe,  clerk, 
was  appointed  Chief  Baron  of  the  Irish  Exchequer, 
in  which  year  he  had  an  allowance  of  £6  for  his 
expences  as  a  Commissioner,  in  levying  the  forfeited 
two-thirds  oflF  lands  of  absentees.  In  four  years  after, 
he  had  a  Treasury  order  for  his  expences  on  passing 
over  to  England,  to  acquaint  the  King  with  the  state 
of  Ireland ;  and  in  1393  was  one  of  the  Lords  Justices. 
By  an  unprinted  stSLtntQ  of  the  Parliament  of  Drogheda 
in  1640,  (c.  9),  it  was  enacted  that  Thomas  Bathe, 
Knight,  'who  pretends  to  be  Lord  of  Louth,'  shall  ap- 
pear in  court  on  a  certain  day  or  be  out  of  the  King's 
protection ;  and  it  was  further  thereby  ordered  that 
said  Thomas  Bathe  shall  never  have  place  in  the  Par- 
liament of  this  land,  nor  shall  enjoy  any  office  therein 
under  the  King's  grant.  His  lands  in  Louth  appear 
to  have  been  thereupon  seized  as  forfeited ;  but  a  sub- 
sequent act  of  the  same  session  (c.  21)  restored  John 
Bathe  of  Ardee,  who  seems  to  have  been  his  son  or 
relative,  to  certain  messuages,  lands,  and  tenements  in 
Dromisken,  Dundalk,  and  other  places  in  the  County  of 
Louth,  which  were  kept  from  him  under  order  of  forfei- 
tures. In  1533,  William  Bathe  of  Dollardstown  was 
Yice-Treasmer  "^  '"  '  soon  afterwards  at- 


tainted.  In  1535,  James  Bathe  of  Drumconrath  was 
appointed  Chief  Baron  of  the  Irish  Exchequer;  when 
he  fixed  his  residence  in  the  fine  old  Castle  of  Drym- 
nagh  near  Dublin,  whose  ruins  are  still  interesting.* 
In  1554,  John  Bathe  of  Drumconrath  and  Athcarne 
was  appointed  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas  in 
Ireland.  In  1564,  his  son  and  namesake  was  Attor- 
ney-general for  Ireland,  and  afterwards  Chancellor  of 
the  Exchequer,  and  his  daughter  Eleanor  was  married 
to  Nicholas  NetterviUe,  who  in  1622  was  created  the 
first  Viscount  Netterville  of  Dowth.  In  1581,  Wil- 
liam  Bathe  was  constituted  a  Justice  of  the  Common 
Pleas  ;  and,  in  the  Parliament  convened  by  Sir  John 
Perrot  in  four  years  after,  Thomas  Bathe  was  one  of 
the  Representatives  for  Dundalk.  *  A  note  (of  about 
this  period)  of  persons  born  in  Ireland  but  residing 
beyond  seas  'f  has  the  names  of  Luke  Bath,  a  Capuchin 
friar  in  Cologne  ;  William  Batlie,  a  Jesuit  in  Sala- 
manca ;  and  John  Bath,  a  Knight  of  Malta  (^  as  is 
reputed')  at  the  Court  of  Madrid.  In  1611,  King 
James  granted  to  John  Bathe  of  Balgriffen,  County  of 
Dublin,  the  manor,  &c.  of  Balgrifien,  to  hold  by  the 
service  of  a  rose  on  St.  John's  day,  with  various  other 
lands  and  premises  in  the  Counties  of  Kildare,  Meath, 
Westmeath,  and  the  City  of  Dublin.  The  Act  of 
1612,  for  the  attainder  of  the  Earl  of  Tyrone  and  his 
adherents,  included  John  Bathe  of  Dunalong,  County 
of  Tyrone,  and  John  Bath,  late  of  Drogheda,  merchant. 

•  See  D' Alton's  County  of  Dublin,  p.  700,  &c. 
t  MSS.  in  Triu.  Coll.  Dub.  (E.  3,  8,   f.  46.) 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  457 

In  1641,  James  Bathe  of  Athcame  was  one  of  the 
gentry  of  the  County  of  Meath,  who  assembled  at  the 
Hill  of  Crofty  to  parley  with  Roger  Moore  and  his 
adherents  of  Ulster.  He  was  consequently  attainted 
in  the  following  year,  with  Robert  Bath  of  Killussy^ 
County  of  Kildare  ;  William  and  Robert  Bathe  of 
Clonturk,  County  of  Dublin,  and  Patrick  Bathe  of  the 
ancient  inheritance  of  Rathfay,  County  of  Meath.  In 
the  Commons  of  the  Supreme  Council  at  Kilkenny 
sat  Peter  Bathe  Fitz-Robert,  late  of  Dublin,  Peter 
Bathe  of  Kilkenny,  Robert  Bath  of  Clonturk,  and 
Robert  Bath,  late  of  Dublin.  This  Peter  Fitz-Robert 
forfeited  Athcame  Castle,  which  was  thereupon  granted 
to  Colonel  Grace  in  1673.  Before  the  Act  of  Ex- 
planation in  1665,  Sir  Luke  Bathe  was  ordered  to  be 
restored  to  his  estate,  and  to  those  which  his  deceasedf 
father  James  Bathe  had  held  on  the  22nd  of  October, 
1641,  with  certain  exceptions.  The  Attainders  of 
1691  included  Christopher  Bathe  of  Knightstown, 
Michael  and  James  Bathe  of  Lady-Rath,  Peter  Bathe 
of  Ashbourne  (where  he  seems  to  have  lived  after  the 
previous  loss  of  Athcarne)  Andrew  Bathe  of  Drogheda, 
merchant,  and  Edward  Bathe  of  Painstown,  County 
of  Louth.  At  Chichester  House,  James  Bathe,  a 
minor,  by  Stephen  Bath  his  guardian,  claimed  under 
settlement  of  November,  1694,  an  estate  for  life  to 
himself  with  remainders  in  tail  to  his  sons,  (aft;er  the 
death  of  Peter  Bathe  and  Mary  his  wife,)  in  the 
County  of  Meath  lands  theretofore  forfeited  by  Chris- 
topher  Bathe  ;  while  Elizabeth  Bathe,  the  wife  of  said 


Christopher,  claimed  also  an  estate  for  her  life  therein, 
after  the  death  of  said  Peter.  On  the  subsequent  sale 
of  Athcarne  Castle  and  its  lands  by  the  Trustees  of 
the  forfeited  estates,  it  appeared  that,  having  been  for- 
feited as  before  mentioned  by  Peter  Bathe,  it  vested 
on  mesne  assignment  in  King  James,  when  Duke  of 
York,  and  was  then  sold  by  the  Trustees,  as  his  private 
estate,  to  Thomas  Somerville  of  Dublin,  subject  to  a 
lease  (allowed  by  the  Commissioners)  to  Greorge  Ayl- 
mer,  Launcelot  Dowdall,  Esqs.  and  Dame  Cicely 
Bath,  for  99  years,  from  January,  1668,  at  a  pepjier- 
corn  rent. 


This  officer  is  described  in  his  attainder  as  of  a  local- 
ity in  the  County  of  Kildare,  that  took  its  name  of 
Tippcrstown  from  the  family.  Francis  Tipper  was 
also  a  Lieutenant  in  Sir  Maurice  Eustace's  Infantry, 
and  a  William  Tipper  appeal's  to  have  been  at  the 
same  time  attainted  in  this  County,  on  whose  estates 
there,  another  William  claimed  an  estate  for  life  with 
remainders  in  tail  to  his  sons. 


A  Charles  Skelton  also  appears  on  this  List  a  Lieu- 
tenant  in  Colonel  John  Parker's  Horse,  yet  neither  of 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  459 

these  names  appears  on  the  Attainders  of  1691,  which 
comprise  only  John  of  Dublin,  Bevil  Skelton  of  Dub- 
lin, and  Maria  Skelton,  alias  O'Brien  his  wife.  In 
1689,  July  the  1st,  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  Skelton  is 
recorded  as  having  been  joined  in  commission  with 
Colonel  Dominick  Sheldon,  to  conclude  a  treaty  with 
the  garrison  of  Derry  on  that  day.  In  a  genealogical 
manuscript  in  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  are  links  of  a 
pedigree  of  the  Skeltons  of  the  County  of  Limerick 
for  five  generations. 


None  of  this  name  appear  on  the  Attainders,  and  it 
would  seem  rather  of  the  opposite  politics.  In 
1673,  John  Povey,  Knight,  and  theretofore  Baron  of 
the  Exchequer  in  Ireland,  was  appointed  Chief  Jus- 
tice of  the  Kings  Bench  ;  and  in  1702,  Richard 
Povey  was  appointed  principal  Serjeant-at-arms. 
The  connections  of  this  Lieutenant  are,  however, 
wholly  unknown. 


One  of  this  name  was  an  Ensign  in  Fitz-James's  In- 
fantry. Three  Morgans  were  attainted  in  1642.  At 
the  battle  of  Newberry,  fought  in  1643,  a  Colonel 
Morgan  was  killed  on  the  Royalist  side  ;  while  at 


Aughrim  fell  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  name.* 
The  Morgans  attainted  in  1692  were  Joseph  of  Cooks- 
town,  and  Edward  of  Drogheda,  merchant. 

Nothing  has  been  ascertained  of  him  or  his  family. 


The  family  of  Touchett  came  into  England  with  the 
Conqueror,  as  recorded  on  the  Roll  of  Battle  Abbey, 
and  in  the  Chronicles  of  Normandy.  In  1405,  John 
Touchett  was  summoned  to  Parliament  in  England  as 
Lord  Audley  ;  his  great  grandson  James  Audley  was 
attainted  in  the  time  of  Henry  the  Seventh,  but  his 
son  was  restored  to  his  rank  in  1513,  and  his  great 
grandson,  George  Lord  Audley,  took  up  his  residence 
in  Ireland,  where  in  the  year  1610,  in  consideration 
of  an  annuity  or  rentcharge  of  £500  English  secured 
to  him  for  his  life,  he  assigned  "  to  Sir  Mervyn 
'Tuchett,'  Knight,  his  son  and  heir  apparent,  his 
whole  estate  in  Ireland,  to  hold  to  him  thenceforth  in 
fee,  together  with  aU  his  stock  of  cattle  and  com,  and 
all  other  goods  and  chattels  in  Ireland,  reserving  to 
his  Lordship  some  chattels  and  household  stufi^,  and 
he,  said  Sir  Mervyn,  paying  to  Sir  Ferdinando  Tuchett, 

*  Story's  Impartial  Histoiy,  pt.  2,  p.  138. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  461 

Knight,  second  son  of  said  Lord  Audley,  an  annuity 
of  one  hundred  marks  in  the  Middle  Temple  Hall, 
London  ;  and  being  bound  after  his  Lordship's  death, 
to  convey  over  to  the  said  Ferdinando  the  fee  of  lands 
in  England  or  L:«land,  to  the  clear  yearly  value  of 
£100  sterling.*  Lord  George  was  in  seven  years 
after  advanced  in  the  Irish  Peerage  to  the  dignities 
of  Baron  Oriel  and  Earl  of  Castlehaven.  His  grand- 
son, James  Touchet,  Earl  of  Castlehaven,  during  the 
civil  wars  of  Ireland  commanded  under  the  Duke  of 
Ormonde,  and  in  1649  was  chosen  General  of  the 
Irish  forces.  He  and  his  brother  were  therefore,  in 
Cromwell's  Ordinance  of  1652,  excepted  from  pardon 
for  life  and  estate.  His  son  Mervyn,  Earl  of  Castle- 
haven, was  of  the  Peers  in  King  James's  Parliament 
of  1689,  and  had  a  pension  of  £500  per  annum^ 
charged  on  the  establishment  of  1687-8.  Mervyn's 
son  James,  afterwards  the  Earl,  is  possibly  identical 
with  the  above  Ensign  James. 

Nothing  known  of  him  or  his  family. 

*  Rot.  Pat.  Jac.  1,  Cam.  Hib.  This  Lord  and  his  Lady  had  a 
grant  in  1612,  of  various  lands  in  the  County  of  Armagh,  as 
had  the  said  Sir  Mervyn  of  yet  more  in  the  Coimty  of  Tyrone, 
to  hold  subject  to  the  conditions  of  the  Plantation  of  Ulster. 



Some,  who  write  of  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  allege  that 
the  death  of  the  Duke  of  Schomberg,  while  passing 
that  river,  was  caused  by  a  shot  from  OToole,  '  an 
exempt  of  the  King's  Guard,'  and  affect  to  call  this 
guardsman  Sir  Charles  Toole;  but  the  name  of  this  only 
Toole  in  tlie  Infantry  Guards  would  lead  to  an  infer- 
ence of  his  identity  with  the  transaction.  The  very 
ancient  sept  of  the  O'Tooles  were  independent  Princes 
of  Imaile  and  Cuolan,  in  the  wild  mountain  district 
forming  a  moiety  of  what  had  been  in  the  time  of 
James  the  First  reduced  to  English  government,  and 
erected  into  tlie  County  of  Wicklow.  They  constituted 
one  of  the  septs  that  were  eligible  to  the  dignity  of 
Kings  of  Leinster,  and  their  territory  formed  the 
Diocese  of  Glen-da-lough,  whose  bishops  and  abbots 
they  exercised  the  prerogative  of  appointing,  down  to 
1497,  when  it  was  united  to  the  Archiepiscopal  See 
of  Dublin.  A  few  years  before  the  English  Invasion, 
Laurence  O'Toole,  afterwards  canonized,  was  advanced 
from  the  Abbacy  of  Glendalough  to  the  Archbisliopric 
of  Dublin.*     The  death  of  his  father  is  recorded  by 

the  Masters  at   1164. In    1308,   the   infamous 

Piers  Gaveston  diverted  the  interval  of  his  official 
exile  to  Ireland,  in  penetrating  the  country  of  the 
OTooles,   wliose   stronghold   at    Castle-Kevin  he    is 

•  See  of  this  illustrious  Prelate,  fully,  D'Altoii's  Archbishops 
of  Dublin,  p.  51,  &c. 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.  463 

reported  to  have  stormed,  afterwards  laying  his  offer- 
ings, as  of  atonement,  at  the  shrine  of  St.  Kevin  in 
Glendalough.  In  1327,  David  OToole,  then  Captain 
of  the  Sept,  was  taken  prisoner  by  Sir  John  de 
Wellesley,  ancestor  of 'the  Duke/  In  1366,  the  Lord 
Deputy  made  a  treaty  with  Hugh  OToole,  then  the 
Captain,  whereby  he  agreed  to  allow-that  chieftain  a 
stipend  in  the  nature  of  black  mail,  to  secure  the  Pale 
from  the  predatory  incursions  of  his  followers.*  This 
policy  of  bounty  was  in  the  history  of  the  Pale  so 
frequently  necessitated  for  its  security,  that  an  Act 
of  the  Irish  legislature  (28  Hen.  8,  c.  11)  was  passed 
"  for  restraining  tributes  given  to  Irishmen."  In 
1396,  say  the  Four  Masters,  "  the  English  of  Leinster 
were  defeated  by  O'Toole  with  great  slaughter."  It 
was  on  the  occasion  of  this  continued  foray,  that 
Roger  Mortimer,  then  Earl  of  March,  King  Richard's 
Vicegerent  in  Ireland,  and  the  heir  presumptive  to  the 
English  Crown,  was  surprised,  defeated,  and  slain. 
Therefore  it  was,  and  with  the  object  of  chastising 
*  the  insolence  of  the  Irish,'  and  avenging  the  death 
of  Mortimer,  that  the  English  Monarch  undertook  his 

second  journey  to  Ireland; ^but  to  raise  another 

patriot  hero  in  ArtMacMurrough,  for  the  veneration  of 
that  country,  and  to  consummate  his  own  dethronement. 
In  1497,  Sir  William  Wellesley  of  Dangan,  the  lineal 
descendant  of  the  aforesaid  John,  who  had  done  such 
active  service  against  the  OTooles,  was  fain  to  espouse 
one  of  this  denounced  Sept,  Matilda  OToole,  having 

*  Mason  8  Irish  Parliaments,  p.  22. 


first,  as  was  necessary,  obtained  a  Royal  letter  of 
licence,  dated  the  30th  of  May  in  this  year,  whereby 
she  and  their  heirs  were  admitted  to  the  benefit 
of  English  laws  and  English  liberties,  and  thus 
exempted  from  the  many  penal  statutes  then  in  force 
against  alliances  with  the  native  Irish.  It  is  singular 
that  pedigree  compilations  omit  to  mention  this  mar- 
riage ;  but,  while  the  licence  is  of  record  in  Chancery, 
the  fact  is  yet  more  assured  by  a  patent  of  1506, 
whereby  King  Henry  the  Seventh  pardoned  Patrick 
Hussey  and  'Maw'  O'Toole,  his  wife  (lately  the  wife 
of  Sir  William  WeUesley  of  Dangan)^  for  their  inter- 
marrying  without  having  first  obtained  the  Royal 

Spencer  in  his  '  View  of  Ireland '  characterizes  the 
OTooles  and  O'Bymes  as  '  the  two  mischievous  clans 
that  inhabited  the  glyns  of  Wicklow.'  The  Four 
Masters  are  very  full  in  the  particulars  of  the 
OToole's  resistance  to  subjugation,  especially  in  1580. 
In  the  time  of  James  the  First,  however,  O'Toole,  '  the 
Lord  of  Imaile,'  furnished  to  military  muster  24 
horsemen  and  80  Kerns;  yet  were  many  of  the  Sept 
then  attainted,  as  were  in  1642  no  less  than  twenty- 
four  CTooles,  great  proprietors  in  Wicklow.  In  the 
Irish  Parliament  of  1689,  Francis  Toole  sat  as  Repre- 
sentative of  the  Borough  of  Wicklow,  while  on  the 
List  of  Colonels  prefixed  to  the  present  Army  List 
the  name  of  Francis  Toole  appears,  Colonel  of  an  In- 
dependent Company  of  Fusiliers ;  but,  as  he  is 
omitted  in  the  subsequent  details,  the  memoir  of  the 

THE  king's  regiment  OF  INFANTRY.      465 

name  should  be  attached  to  Ensign  Edward.  The 
forfeitures  of  1691  exhibit  but  six  OTooles  as  of 
Wicklow,  and  one  in  each  of  three  other  Counties, 
Carlow,  Kildare,  and  Wexford.  Several  of  this  name 
were  afterwards  distinguished  officers  in  the  Irish 
Brigades  serving  in  France  and  Spain ;  and  in  1719, 
Captain  OToole,  with  Colonel  Wogan  of  the  Rathco% 
line,  and  two  others  of  the  Irish  Brigade  in  the 
service  of  the  latter  power,  succeeded  in  carrying  oflf 
Maria-Clementina  Sobieski,  (grand-daughter  of  the 
celebrated  John  Sobieski,  King  of  Poland,  who 
defeated  the  Turks  before  Vienna),  then  betrothed  to 
James  the  Third,  as  the  Pretender  was  styled  by 
them.  They  effected  her  liberation  from  the  Castle  of 
Inspruck  in  the  Tyrol,  where  she  had  been  detained 
for  some  previous  months  by  command  of  the  Emperor 
Charles  VI.  at  the  instance  of  George  the  First. 
From  hence  they  brought  her  in  disguise  to  Monte 
Fiascone  within  the  Pope's  dominions,  where  James 
himself  met  her,  and  their  marriage  was  celebrated. 
The  Pope,  on  their  repairing  to  Rome,  received  the 
gallant  officers  most  cordially,  and  created  them 
Knights  of  the  Holy  Roman  order.* 


NOTHINO  has  been  ascertained  of  him  or  his  connec- 

466  KI5G  iA3r£S  S  lUSH  AUfT  LIST. 



TlMCo;abel  Anthocj  Coicoan. 

JaiBM  XajKt,  


Jolm  Talbot.  

[Jainea  Gibbet,  Snd  3UJ9r.] 

Dtaiel  O'Han.  Kcue  O'Ein.  Connick  O'HflB. 

JohnSUmky.  Andrew  Dnfie.  

KicfaolM  HsTokL  BMtbolomev  HarroM.         Fnncis  Wairen. 

Ednnmd  Marpbj.  LAwrcnoe  DnSe.  Cbaiiea  Saoden. 

Maorioe  Fitzgerald.  

Jaam  Gibbom.  > 

Anthanj  Gcoghegan.  

Sienr  da  Ptmtt,  Walter  Planketi. 


This  Officer,  says  Colonel  O'Kelly^s  narrative,*  was 
one  of  these  deputed  by  Tyrconnel,  during  his  absence 
from  the  government  on  attendance  at  St  Germains, 
t()  guide  and  advise  the  young  Duke  of  Berwick.  He 
was  the  brother  as  well  of  General  Richard  Hamil- 
ton who  was  taken  prisoner  at  the  Boyne,  as  of  the 
accomplished  Colonel  Anthony  Hamilton  who  fought 
against  the  Enniskilleners,  and  wrote  the  well-known 
*  Memoirs  of  Grammont.'      The  above  Colonel  John 

*  O'Callaghan^s  Macaria  Exddium^  p.  88. 


ranked  as  a  Major-General  and  a  Brigadier  at  Augh- 
rim,  where  he  was  taken  prisoner  *  O'Conor,  in  his 
Military  Memoirs^  (p.  143),  says  that  this  General 
was  with  a  force  detached  to  the  aid  of  besieged 
Limerick,  too  late  for  its  last  struggle ;  the  enemy 
were  in  possession  of  the  ramparts,  and  drove  back 
the  designed  relief  to  their  camp. 


Of  the  noble  Sept  of  O'Hara  the  Chief  was  Lord  of 
Luigne,  in  the  County  of  Sligo,  a  territory  which 
comprised  the  present  Barony  of  Leney  with  parts  of 
those  of  CosteUo  and  Gallan.  At  so  early  a  period  as 
1023,  the  death  of  Donagh  O'Hara,  Lord  of  Luigne, 
is  noted  by  the  Four  Masters  ;  as  is  the  death  of 
Duncan  O'Hara,  Lord  of  the  Three  Tribes  of  Luigne, 
in  1059.  From  which  period  the  succession  of  their 
Tanists  or  Captains  is  set  down  with  singular  exact- 
ness to  a  comparatively  recent  date,  in  a  venerable 
Irish  manuscript  entitled  the  *  Book  of  the  O'Haras.' 
By  one  of  these  Chiefs,  Keane  O'Hara,  Templehouse 
was  erected  early  in  the  fourteenth  century,  within 
their  principality,  and  on  the  site  of  an  ancient 
foundation  of  the  Knights  Templars.  The  Abbey  of 
Court,  whose  ruins  are  still  discernible,  was  soon 
after  founded  by  another  of  the  O'Haras.  The  above 
Officer,  €aptain  Daniel  was,  it  will  be  seen,  of  an  An- 

♦  Story's  Impartial  Hist.,  pt.  2,  p  187. 

nn  2 


trim  branch  of  the  family,  of  whom  in  1608,  in  awe 
of  the  Plantation  system,  Cahill  O'Hara,  John  Oge 
O'Hara,  John  Grome  O'Hara,  and  Donnel  O'Hara 
sought  and  obtained  patents  of  pardon  and  protection. 
Of  these,  Cahill  in  1612  obtained  a  patent  for  holding 
a  weekly  market  at  Crebilly,  with  right  of  pie  powder 
and  the  usual  tolls.*  In  1627,  Cormac  O'Hara  was 
Sheriff  of  the  County  of  Antrim.  A  Manuscript 
Book  of  Obits  in  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  supplies 
links  in  the  pedigree  of  this  northern  family  for  five 
generations.  Besides  the  above  Captain  Daniel, 
Keane  his  Lieutenant,  and  Cormick  O'Hara  his 
Ensign,  who  in  their  attainders  are  described  as  of 
Loghdale,  County  of  Antrim,  there  are  upon  this 
Army  List,  another  Cormack  O'Hara,  Captain  in 
Colonel  Cormuck  O'Neill's  Infantry,  in  which  Arthur 
O'Hara  of  Farris  in  said  County  was  a  Lieutenant, 
and  Manus  O'Hara  an  Ensign  ;  while  in  Colonel 
Dominick  Browne's,  John  O'Hara,  son  of  Thadeus 
O'Hara  of  Crebilly,  was  a  Lieutenant.  All  these 
were  consequently  attainted  in  1691,  with  tihe  ad- 
dition of  Roger  O'Hara  of  Montagh,  in  the  County 
of  Sligo. 

In  1692,  Sir  Charles  '  Hara '  and  others  obtained  a 
patent  grant  from  King  William  and  Queen  Mary  for 
lighting  Dublin  with  convex  lamps.f  A  Charles  Hara 
was  afterwards  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Landon.J 
The  name  of  O'Hara  was  subsequently  ennobled  in 

•  Rot.  Pat.  9,  Jac.  1,  in  Cane.  Hib. 

t  Harris's  MSS.  Dub.  Soc.  v.  10,  pp.  9,  &c. 

\  Rawdon  Papers,  p.  379. 


the  person  of  James  O'Hara,  created  in  1721  Baron 

of  Kilmaine.* In  1744,  Captain  O'Hara,  of  an  Irish 

Brigade  in  Prince  Charies-Edward's  service,  was,  with 
Captain  O'Brien,  taken  prisoner  at  Harwich  by  an 
order  from  Lord  Carteret.  They  had  arrived  there 
with  the  intention  of  crossing  to  Holland,  but  were 
carried  back  in  custody  to  London.  Brigadier-Gene- 
ral O'Hara  was  distinguished  in  the  American  war  of 
1781,  and  was  wounded  in  an  engagement  near 
Deep  River,  where  the  Americans  were  commanded 
by  General  Greene.  He  was,  however,  ultimately 
obliged  with  Earl  Comwallis  to  surrender  at  York- 
town.  In  1793,  a  General  O'Hara  was  taken 
prisoner  in  the  attack  on  Toulon.f 


This  name  is  of  record  in  Ireland  from  the  earliest 
introduction  of  the  English  Government.  In  1385, 
Sir  John  Stanley  was  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland,  as 
he  was  four  several  times  after.  He  it  was  who,  on  the 
forfeiture  of  Henry  Percy,  Earl  of  Northumberland, 
obtained  a  grant  in  fee  from  the  Crown,  of  the  Isle  of 
Man  with  all  its  regalities  and  franchises,  to  hold  by 
homage  and  the  service  of  two  falcons,  to  be  rendered 
to  the  filing,  his  heirs  and  successors,  on  the  days  of 
their  coronation.      He   was  .  afterwards   constituted 

*  Crossl/s  Peerage,  p.  260.  t  Gent.  Mag.  ad  ann. 


Constable  of  Windsor  Castle,  made  a  Knight  of  the 
Garter  by  Henry  V.  and  died  in  1413,  Lord  Lieuten- 
ant of  Ireland  for  the  last  time.  Sir  William  Stanley, 
Sir  John's  brother,  was  Lord  Deputy  in  1401  ;  and 
in  1432,  Sir  Thomas,  grandson  of  Sir  John  Stanley, 
was  appointed  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland  for  six 
years.  About  the  year  1530,  Sir  James  Stanley,  of 
the  same  Derby  stock  as  the  before  mentioned 
Stanleys,  was  Marshal  of  Ireland.  A  Funeral  Entry 
in  the  Office  of  Arms  records  the  death  in  1636  of 
Thomas  Stanley  of  Finnor,  County  of  Meath,  son  and 
heir  of  Walter  Stanley  of  same,  and  that  he  had  mar- 
ried Mary,  daughter  of  Patrick  Gernon  of  Gernons- 
town.  County  of  Louth,  by  whom  he  had  daughters. 
The  above!  Captain,  though  not  of  Walter's  issue,  ap- 
pears to  have  been  of  the  Finnor  family,  the  son  of 

Edward,  the  third  son  of Stanley  of  Finnor,  by 

Anne,  daughter  of Stem  of  Great  Eccleston  in 

Kent.*  He  had  been  SheriiF  of  the  County  of  Dublin 
in  1688,  and  a  resident  of  Swords,  of  whose  ancient 
Borough  he  was  constituted  one  of  the  Burgesses  in 
King  James's  Charter  of  1689.  In  his  attainder  of 
1691,  he  is  described  as  of  that  place  ;  while  another 
Stanley  (Thomas)  is  located  on  the  Outlawries  as  of 
Martinstown,  County  of  Louth. 

*  Genealogical  MSS.  Collection  in  Trin.  CoU.  Dub.  (F.  8,  27.) 



This  family  name,  introduced  into  Ireland  on  the 
Danish  invasion,  appears  subsequently  of  frequent  oc- 
cuirence  in  the  records  of  this  country.  In  1302, 
John  'Harald'  and  Geofl&^y  'Harold'  were  of  the 
Magnates  of  Ireland  whom  King  Edward  invited  to 
assist  him  in  the  invasion  of  Scotland.  In  the  seven- 
teenth century  the  Harolds  were  established  in  the 
Counties  of  Kildare,  Wicklow,  Dublin,  and  Limerick; 
accordingly  the  Attainders  of  1642  present  the  names 
of  Gerald  Harold  of  Kildrought  (Celbridge),  County 
of  Kildare;  Richard  Harold  of  Kilhele,  Do. ;  Thomas 
Harold  of  Coolnehamon,  County  of  Wicklow  ;  and 
William  of  Kilmaceogue,  County  of  Dublin.  John 
Harold  was  one  of  five  tried  by  court  martial  in  St. 
Patrick's  Cathedral,  Dublin,  on  the  18th  May,  1652.* 
In  1676,  Thomas  Harold,  '  a  native  of  Ireland,'  soli- 
cited the  interference  of  King  Charles  in  his  behalf ; 
he  having  been  confined  in  Brussels  ten  years  *for  re- 
sisting the  Pope's  claim  as  to  his  allegiance,  and  for 
his  having  been  one  of  the  subscribers  to  the  Remon- 
strance of  1661. f 

Besides  the  above  Captain,  there  stands  on  this 
Army  List  William  Harold,  a  Lieutenant  in  Major- 
General  Boiseleau's  Infantry.  In  the  Parliament  of 
Dublin,  Alderman  Thomas  Harold  was  one  of  the 
the  Representatives  of  the  City  of  Limerick  ;    he  was 

*  Minutes  of  Courts  Martial  during  the  Commonwealth,  MS. 
t  Catal.Soiithiralllfi|      •^  ^. 

472  KING  James's  irish  akmy  list. 

consequently  attainted  with  Walter  Harold  of  Lime- 
rick, merchant,  and  the  above  Nicholas  Harrold, 
styled  of  Kilmaceogue,  County  of  Dublin,  a  lineal  de- 
scendant of  William  Harrold,  who  was  attainted  in 
1642.  A  John  Harrold,  described  as  of  the  same 
locality,  Irish  papist,  then  also  forfeited  estates  there. 
In  1787,  Colonel  Harrold,  of  the  Limerick  family, 
was  Chamberlain  to  the  Elector  of  Bavaria.* 


The  Murphys,  or  O'Murphys,  were  a  Sept  very 
widely  extended  over  Ireland,  as  even  the  few  records 
here  noted  will  evince.  This  Officer  was  of  Kilkenny, 
in  whose  Cathedral  are  monuments  to  his  family  from 
1640  to  1741.  So  early  after  the  introduction  of 
surnames  in  Ireland  as  1031,  the  death  of  Flaherty 
O'Murroghoe  (Murphy),  Chief  of  Cinel-Breaghain,  in 
the  County  of  Donegal,  is  recorded  by  the  Masters, 
as  is  that  of  O'Murroghoe,  Chief  Sage  of  Leinster,  in 
1127.  The  Attainders  of  1642  name  Michael 
Murphy  of  Balruddery,  and  Laughlin  Murphy  of 
Dunganstown  ;  George  of  St.  Michan's  Parish,  Dub- 
lin, with  Donogh  and  Connor  Murphy  of  Blarney, 
County  of  Cork.  In  1654,  a  Colonel  of  this  name,  at 
the  head  of  800  Irishmen,  distinguished  himself  in  the 
campaign  in  Spain.  Besides  the  above  Captain  there 
appear  on  this  Army  List,  in  the  Earl  of  Tyrone's 

*  Ferraris  Limerick,  p.  850. 


Infantry,  Nicholas  and  Michael  Murphy,  Lieutenants ; 
— ^in  Lord  Bellew's,  Owen  and  Bryan  Captains,  Phe- 
lim  and  Denis  Lieutenants,  and  John  Murphy  an 
Ensign ; — ^in  Colonel  Nicholas  Browne's,  William 
Murphy  was  a  Captain,  Maurice  Murphy  his  Lieute- 
nant, and  John  Murphy  Ensign.  Those  attainted  in 
1692  were  the  above  Captain  Edmund,  styled  of  Kil- 
kenny, with  two  others  of  the  name  there,  seven  in 
Wexford,  six  in  Louth,  four  in  Cork,  three  in  Down, 
two  in  Armagh,  and  one  in  Waterford  and  Clare  re- 

In  the  Brigades  commissioned  in  the  French 
service,  of  that  styled  the  *  Regimept  of  Charlemont,' 
commanded  by  Gordon  O'Neill  on  its  first  formation, 
the  above  Captain  Edmund  Murphy  was  constituted 
Major,  while  a  Cornelius  Murphy  was  Major  of  the 
Regiment  of  Clancarty.*  At  the  Court  of  Claims  in 
1700,  Maria  de  Margarita  *  de  Murphjr '  claimed  the 
benefit  of  a  judgment  debt  affecting  the  estates  of 
Donogh,  Earl  of  Clancarty,  but  her  petition  was 
dismist.  The  Archives  of  Bruges  record  a  Darby 
*  Morphy,'  Captain-Lieutenant  in  Lord  Hunsdon's 
Infantry  as  hereafter  noticed ;  while  in  St.  Donat's 
Cathedral  of  that  City  is  a  monument  to  the  Reverend 
and  Venerable  John  Albert  *  de  Morphy,'  '  of  the 
Royal  Sept  of  O'Morrough,  which  had  given  Kings  to 
Leinster,'  who  "had  been  imprisoned  in  London, 
driven  into  exile,  found  an  asylum  at  Bruges,  where 

*  0*Conor'8  Milit.  Mem.  p.  199.    For  acbieyements  of  this 
name  in  the  Brigades,  see  idem,  p.  78. 


he  was  constituted  '  Penitentiary  '  of  the  Diocese,  and 
died  12th  November,  1745."* 


No  information  of  him  has  been  ascertained,  nor  does 
he  appear  on  the  Roll  of  Attainders  ;  those  of  1642 
have  two  of  the  name,  and  those  of  1691  three. 


TuE  native  Annalists  of  Ireland  notice  at  a  very 
early  age  the  Sept  of  O'Coleman,  and  sometimes  of 
Mac  Colman,  the  latter  as  in  the  County  of  Louth, 
where  the  name  is  still  of  respectability.  In  1206, 
say  the  Four  Masters,  died  *  Maolpeddar  O'Coleman, 
successor  of  Canice  (Abbot  of  Kilkenny),  the  pillar  of 
piety  and  wisdom  of  the  North  of  Ireland.'  The  Rolls 
of  the  Irish  rpcords  present  the  name  from  the  time  of 
Edward  the  Second.  In  1642,  were  attainted  John 
Coleman  of  Artaine  and  Patrick  Coleman  of  Kill, 
County  of  Dublin,  with  Anne  his  wife.  On  the 
minutes  of  courts  martial  held  in  St.  Patrick's  Cathe- 
dral, Dublin,  it  is  stated  that  an  Ensign  Coleman  was 
one  of  those  tried  there  on  the  9th  of  March,  1651. 
The  name  does  not  appear  at  all  on  the  Attainders  of 
1691,  &c. 

•  Nichols's  Top*,  and  Gen*.  1868,  p.  484. 



The  O'Duffs  were  Chiefs  of  Hy  Cruinthain,  a  district 
extending  round  Diinamase  in  the  Queen's  County  ; 
and  the  name  is  of  record  on  the  Irish  Rolls  of 
Chancery  from  the  days  of  Edward  the  Third.  On 
the  Attainders  of  1642  appear  Patrick  Duffe  of 
Westpalstown,  County  of  Dublin,  with  five  other 
Duffes  in  the  same  County,  three  in  Kildare,  and  one 
in  Meath.  At  the  Supreme  Council  of  Kilkenny  in 
1647,  Patrick  Duff,  there  described  as  of  Rospatrick, 
but  probably  identical  with  the  attainted  Patrick  of 
Westpalstown,  was  of  the  Commons.*     Besides  these 

Lieutenants, Duffe  was  a  Lieutenant  in  Colonel 

Roger  Mac  Elligott's  Infantry.  The  Attainders  of 
1691  name  only  Thady  '  Duff'  of  Piltown,  County  of 
Meath ;  Thadeus  Duff  of  Athlone,  merchant ; 
Thadeus  Duff,  junior,  of  Dublin  ;  and  Thomas  Duff 
of  Kilkenny,  merchant. 

His  connections  are  unknown. 

•  The  compiler  of  these  lUustrations  sincerely  regrets  the 
occurrence  of  assertions  on  prohability ;  but  the  difficulty  he  has 
experienced  in  obtaining  authentic  family  information  precludes 
that  certainty,  which  could  be  otherwise  obtained,  only  from  his 
own  manuscripts,  at  a  labour  impracticable  gratuitously  for  so 
many  families. 





The  Colonel. 
Edward  Nugent, 

Lieut. -Col. 


Walter  •  TyrrelL* 

Hugh  M*Mahon. 
John  Satton. 

Christopher  Sherlock. 
John  Wogan. 

Alexander  KnighUej. 

John  Panter. 
William  Moore. 

Le  Sienr  Corridore. 

Thorn.  JuBtie. 

Patrick  Kendelan. 

Geoige  Corridons, 

Oliver  Nngent. 
Lieutenant  Colonel  Clon- 

Ignatina  Usher. 

James  *  Barnwell.' 

.  Catalier. 

Garrett  Plnnkett 
>  Christopher  Bellew. 

f  Charles  Degnent 

Bartholomew  White. 


iJohn  Heme. 
Claudius  Beauregard. 

John  Stephens. 

Walter  Grace. 

Walter  Usher. 

Phill  Mownson. 

Daniel  0*DanieI. 

•  Moigan. 

Matthew  Wale. 
Francis  Borre. 

Beaghan  Kcndolan. 

Bartholomew  Read. 
Edward  Rignej. 

Oliver  Grace. 


This  gallant  young  officer  was  another  son  of  King 
James  by  his  mistress  Arabella  Churchill,  sister  of  the 
great  Duke  of  Marlborough  ;  he  was  the  youngest  of 
five  children  of  that  connection  ;  was  bom  in  August, 


1673;  accompanied  his  father  in  his  flight  from  Eng- 
land, and  after,  in  his  expedition  to  Ireland  ;  where, 
at  the  age  of  sixteen,  he  was  appointed  Colonel  of  this 
Regiment,  thenceforward  known  by  his  name.  He 
headed  it  at  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  but  retired  with 
his  father  immediately  after  to  France.  This  his 
Regiment,  which  was  consigned  to  the  command  of 
Nicholas  Fitzgerald,*  distinguished  itself  throughout 
the  first  siege  of  Limerick,  and  especially  along  with 
that  of  Major-General  Boiseleau,  the  French  General, 
at  the  successful  resistance  of  the  assault  of  the  6th 
of  September,  1690,  which  led  to  the  raising  of  the 
siege  by  King  William.  The  Grand  Prior  was  in 
i696  in  France  placed  over  the  Toulon  fleet  designed 
to  invade  England,  at  which  time  O'Callaghan  conjec- 
tures he  was  created  Duke  of  Albemarle.  In  Decem- 
ber, 1702,  he  was  appointed  Lieutenant-General  of 
the  Marine,  and  in  the  same  month  died  at  Bagnols 
in  Languedoc,  aged  only  between  29  and  30,  married, 
but  without  issue.  Louis  the  Fourteenth  placed  the 
Court  of  France  in  mourning  on  his  decease.f  On 
the  formation  of  the  French  Brigades,  Fitz-James's 
Regiment  was  equipped  as  Cavalry  and  styled  *Le 
Regiment  de  la  Marine,'  from  the  circumstance  of  the 
Lord  Grand  Prior  having  been  originally  designed  for 
the  British  Navy,  and  his  having  entered  the  French 
on  his  father's  dethronement,  and  actually  distin- 
guished himself  at  sea  under  Tourville  in  the  engage- 

*  O'Callagban's  Irish  Brigades,  vol.  1,  p.  209. 
t  Idem,  p.  876. 


ment  at  St.  Vincent  against  the  English  Admiral  Sir 
Greorge  Rooke  in  1693.*  Of  this  Brigaded  force  the 
Lord  Prior  was  Colonel,  Nicholas  Fitzgerald  Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel, and  Edward  O'Madden  Major,f  (the  lat- 
ter had  been  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  Lord  Clanricarde's 
Infantry  in  Ireland,  as  noted  hereafter).  It  fought 
with  signal  bravery  at  Fontenoy  in  1745,  where  it 
consisted  of  four  squadrons,  one  of  which,  styled  the 
Scotch  Royals  or  Squadron,  and  the  picquets  of  those 
of  Dillon,  Rothe,  and  Lally,  were  despatched  from 
France  to  Scotland  and  England,  to  sustain  the  claim 
of  Prince  Charles-Edward.  They  only  reached  their 
destination,  however,  to  be  made  prisoners  of  war, 
after  the  battle  of  Culloden,  fought  2nd  April,  1746. 
The  three  first  squadrons  of  Fitz-James's  Regiment,  as 
it  continued  to  be  styled,  and  the  picquets  of  Bulke- 
ley's,  Clare's  and  Berwick's,  had  been  previously  cap- 
tured on  the  voyage  in  the  month  of  October,  1745, 
and  March,  1746. J  A  meagre  list  of  those  of  the 
respective  Irish  Brigades  killed  and  wounded  at  Fon- 
tenoy may  be  seen  in  the  Gmtleniaris  Magazine 
(vol.  15).  In  1746,  the  'Count  de  Fitz-James,' de- 
scribed  as  Major-General-Commandant,  was  one  of  the 
volunteers  bound  for  Scotland  in  Prince  Charles- 
Edward's  service,  but  taken  at  sea  ;  as  was  also  M. 
D'Arcy,  his  aide-de-camp,  Major-General  Ruth,  *  Briga- 
dier-General de  Tyrconnel,'  and  eighteen  other  officers, 

♦  O'Callagban's  Irish  Brigades,  vol.  1,  p.  210. 
t  O'Conor  s  Military  Memoirs,  v.  1,  p.  198. 
J  Idem,  p.  400. 


six  gunners,  one  corporal,  one  labourer,  and  five  com- 
panies of  Fitz- James's  Regiment,  in  all  199  men. 
These  were  taken  on  board  the  French  transport  ship 
the  '  Bourbon,'  by  Commodore  Knowles  ;  while  at  the 
same  time  there  were  captured  by  him  on  board  the 
'  Charity '  thirteen  other  oflScers  and  four  companies  of 
Fitz-James's  Regiment  of  Horse,  in  aU  about  160  men. 


The  name  of  Porter  is  of  record  on  the  Irish  Rolls  from 
the  time  of  Edward  the  Third.  The  Attainders  of 
1642  present  of  this  name  only  Richard  Porter  of 
Oldbridge,  County  of  Meath.  In  1686,  Sir  Charles 
Porter  was  appointed  Lord  Chancellor  of  Ireland;  he 
was  afterwards  removed  for  Sir  Alexander  Fitton, 
but  was  restored  at  the  close  of  1690,  on  the  Revo- 
lution.  In  the  Parliament  of  1689,  Robert  Porter  was 
one  of  the  Representatives  of  the  County  of  Kildare, 
as  was  John  Porter  of  the  City  of  Waterford,  and 
Colonel  James  Porter  of  the  Borough  of  Fethard, 
County  of  Wexford. 

The  above  Major,  whose  Christian  name  does  not 
appear  on  this  roll,  was,  it  may  be  presumed,  the 
Colonel  James,  Member  for  Fethard  in  1689,  as  he 
was  early  promoted  to  the  rank  of  second  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  in  this  Regiment,  Dodsley  having  been  sub- 
stituted in  the  Majority.  He  was  in  France  at  the 
time  of  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  on  the  day  previous  to 

480  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

which  he  wrote  from  St.  Germains  to  Father  Warner, 
*  confessor  to  the  King  in  Dublin/  a  letter*  in  which 
he  says,  "  the  dreadful  fleet  of  France  has  got  into 
the  Channel.  We  may  daily  expect  strange  changes, 
and  with  reason  ;  we  may  expect  to  see  our  Royal 
Master  in  Whitehall  before  Michaelmas.  We  are 
sending  a  fleet  of  thirty  frigates  for  Ireland :  after 

such  preparations,  what  may  we  not  expect  ?** 

When  that  Royal  Master  had  fled  to  France,  this 
Colonel  Porter  was  made  Vice-Camberlain  in  his 
titular  Court. f  The  Attainders  of  1691  include  his 
name  as  of  Feathard,  with  Patrick  Porter  of  Kings- 
town and  William  of  Jongiunstown,  County  of  Meath; 
Robert  Porter  of  Kildare,  and  Nicholas  Porter 
of  Waterford,  merchant,  who  was  Mayor  of  that 
city  in  1689.  His  forfeitures  consisted  of  premises 
in  that  city,  all  which  were  purchased  from  the  Trus- 
tees by  Alderman  Lapp  in  1703. Some  links  of 

the  descent  of  the  Porters  of  Waterford  are  preserved 
in  a  manuscript  book  of  Obits  in  Trinity  College, 
(F.  3.  27),  deriving  them  from  Gloucestershire. 


This  family  was  established  in  Ireland  at  a  very  re- 
mote period.  In  1302,  Gilbert  de  Sutton  was  one  of 
the  Magnates  of  this  country  whom  Edward  the  First 

♦  Southwell  MSS.  Catal.  p.  179.  "^ 

t  Clarke  s  James  IL  vol.  2,  p.  411. 


invited  to  aid  him  in  the  Scottish  war.     They  early- 
settled  in  the  County  of  Kildare,  where  a  genealogi- 
cal manuscript  in  Trinity  College,  Dublin  (F.  iii.  27), 
traces  links  of  their  pedigree  for  five  generations,  in 
the  16th  and  17th  centuries.     In  1605,  John  Lye, 
gentleman,  servant  to  Queen  Elizabeth,  had  a  grant 
from  her  Royal  successor  of  the  towns,  lands,  &c.  of 
Bathbride,  Morristown-Biller,  Relickstown,  &c.,  par- 
cel of  the  estate  of  David  Sutton  in  the  County  of 
Kildare,  the  patentee  being  bound  to  keep  upon  Rath- 
bride  one  able  horseman,  archer,  or  '  hargabusher,'  of 
the  English  nation,  sufficiently  furnished  for  the  de- 
fence of  Ireland.     Oliver  Sutton  was  previous  to  this 
time  seised  of  Richardstown  in  the   same   County. 
His  heiress,  Elinor,  married  Gerald  Sutton,  who  sur- 
vived her,  but  died  in  1616,  leaving  Gilbert  Sutton 
their  heir,  who  died  in  1631.    Gerald  Sutton  was  his 
son  and  heir,  then  aged  but  eight  years  ;  he  was  in 
1642  attainted,  with  Laurence  and  Nicholas  Sutton 
of  Tipper  in  the  same  County,  who  were  a  branch 
of  the  stock.     William  Sutton  died  seised  of   Tip- 
per,  Barbyeston,   &c.   County  of  Kildare  in  1592, 
leaving  John  his  son  and  heir,  who  succeeded  to  said 
estates,  which  were  forfeited  in  1642  by  the  attainder 
of  his  son  William  Sutton,  junior.     This  William  was 
one  of  the  Confederate  Catholics  at  the  Supreme  Coun- 
cil of  Kilkenny  in  1646,  and  he  would  seem  to  have 
been  father  to  the  above  Captain  John,  in  whose 
favour  a  saving  was  reserved  in  a  patent  of  lands  in 
the  County  of  Galway  to  William  Clynch.     He  was, 



in  1691,  attainted  by  the  description  of  John  Sutton 
of  Haverston,  County  of  Kildare,  together  with  five 
other  Suttons  in  the  County  of  Wexford,  and  one  in 
the  City  of  Dublin.  At  the  Court  of  Chichester 
House,  Bridget  Sutton,  in  1700,  claimed  and  was 
allowed  her  jointure  off  the  Kildare  estate  of  this 
Captain  Sutton,  which  was  sold  by  the  Commissioners 
of  the  Forfeitures  in  1703  to  the  Hollow  Swords 
Blades'  Company. 


This  family  is  of  record  in  Ireland  from  the  time  of 
the  Tudors.  They  were  located  in  the  Barony  of 
Coshmore,  County  of  Waterford,  as  also  in  the  Coun- 
ties of  Tipperary,  Limerick,  Dublin,  and  Kildare. 
In  1422,  the  King  appointed  Walter  '  Sherloke'  to  be 
Chief  Sergeant  of  the  County  of  Kildare,  an  office 
which  he  held  for  several  years  after.  In  1431,  he 
had  an  order  on  the  Irish  Exchequer  for  remune- 
rating his  great  labours  in  the  County  of  Kilkenny 
and  its  marches.  In  1499,  James  'Sherloke'  was 
commissioned  to  hold  an  assize.  In  1586,  an  Inqui- 
sition post  mortem  was  held  of  the  estates  of  John 
Sherlock  of  Ballyclerihan,  in  the  County  of  Cross- 
Tipperary,  when  it  was  found  that,  at  the  time  of  his 
death,  he  was  seised  of  a  castle  and  sundry  lands  and 
premises  there.  In  1616,  Thomas  Sherlock  of 'the 
Naas'  was  one  of  the  County  of  Kildare  gentry  impa- 


nelled  to  hold  a  siimlar  post  mortem  inquiry  as  to  the 
estates  of  Walter  Wellesley  of  the  Norragh,  then 
lately  deceased.  This  Thomas  was  attainted  in  1642, 
as  were  Edward  Sherlock  of  Blackhall  in  the  same 
County,  clerk,  and  George  Sherlock  of  Wicklow,  mer- 
chant. In  the  confirmatory  patents  of  King  Charles 
the  Second  to  the  adventurers  in  Waterford  were 
savings  of  the  rights  of  Paul,  heir  of  Sir  Thomas 

In  1684,  18th  May,  died  Philip  Sherlock  of  Little- 
rath,  son  of  Christopher  of  that  place  ;  he  was  buried 
on  the  20th  at  Bowdingstown  in  the  same  County, 
leaving  issue  by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Wil- 
liam Eustace,*  the  above  Christopher  his  eldest  son, 
Eustace,  Robert,  John,  William,  and  Edward,  his 
younger  sons,  and  Hester  and  Mary  his  two 
daughters.  The  estate,  having  descended  to  Christo- 
pher, was  forfeited  on  his  attainder,  subject  to  the 
charges  which  the  will  of  his  &ther  created  for  the 
younger  children.  The  testator^s  widow  intermarried 
with  Nicholas  Adams,  while  of  her  children  by  Sher- 
lock, Robert  and  Mary  died  under  age,  and  Edward 
the  youngest  was  long  resident  in  Corfti.f  He  was  a 
claimant  for  his  portion  on  the  family  estate,  as  were 
his  brothers  John  and  William,  and  their  rights  were 
allowed.  Besides  Captain  Christopher,  there  are  on 
this  List  Thomas  Sherlock  of  Blackhall,  a  Captain,  and 
Robert  Sherlock  an  Ensign,  in  Sir  Maurice  Eustace's 

*  Funeral  Entry,  Berm.  Tower, 
t  M8S.  in  lianh's  library,  Dublin. 

*  1x2 


Infantry,  evidently  near  relatives  of  Captain  Christo- 
pher. Edward  Sherlock  of  Blackhall,  possibly  the  same 
individual  who  was  attainted  in  1642,  was  one  of  the 
Representatives  of  the  Borough  of  Cloughmine  in  King 
James's  Parliament  of  1689.  He  was  consequently  at- 
tainted with  said  Thomas,  John  Sherlock  of  Lady's  Castle, 
Laurence  and  Eustace  Sherlock  of  Littlerath,  all  in  said 
County  of  Kildare ;  Robert  Sherlock  of  Carlow  (the  En- 
sign  in  Sir  Maurice  Eustace's),  and  James,  Pierce,  and 
Balthazzar  Sherlock  of  Ballykenny  and  Ballyleigh, 
County  of  Waterford.  In  1 6  94,  Thomas  Sherlock,  a  mer- 
chant of  Irfsh  birth,  theretofore  trading  in  Dublin,  but 
then  a  merchant  at  Rouen  in  France,  obtained,  under 
circumstances  detailed  in  his  petition,  full  pardon  and 
liberty  to  return  to  his  native  country. 


Nothing  worthy  of  note  has  been  ascertained  of 
either  of  these  officers  or  their  families,  in  connexion 
with  this  period. 


The  O'Caendelain  were  Tanists  of  Leogaire  in  Meath, 
of  which  Donell  O'Caendelain  died  lord  in  1017,  as 
did  Angu9  O'Caendelain  in  1085.     This  officer  was 


of  Ballynakill,  County  of  Meath,  by  which  description 
he  was  attainted  with  three  others  of  his  kindred 
there,  Edward,  Vaughan,  and  John  Kendelan. 


In  Lord  Slane's  Regiment  of  Infantry,  Walter  Usher 
was  an  Ensign,  but  nothing  of  note  touching  this 
period  has  been  discovered  of  either  of  these  officers. 

He  appears  to  have  been  of  the  Galway  Hemes. 


Of  this  name  at  the  period  it  can  only  be  said  that, 
in  1690,  Sir  Richard  Stephens  was  appointed  a 
Justice  of  the  King's  Bench  in  Ireland,  while  a 
Thomas  Stephens,  described  as  of  Ballyvaughan, 
County  of  Limerick,  was  the  only  one  of  the  name 
then  attainted. 




No  notice  of  any  of  these  officers,  worthy  of  insertion, 
h&s  been  obtained. 



The  Colonel 
[Count  Anthony  Hamil- 
ton, Lieut..Col.] 


Garret  Fitzgerald. 
Philip  Barry  Oge. 

Dominick  Terry. 
Francis  Fitzgerald. 

James  Fitzgerald. 

Edmund  Sweeny. 

John  Sullivan. 

Miles  CarroU 

Lewis  Moore. 

Thomas  Hogan. 

Robert  Fitzgerald. 

5  Walter  Bryan. 
I  Donogh  M*Carty. 

Maurice  Piers. 

John  Ryan. 

John  Mally. 

Edward  Fitzgerald. 
Patrick  LeTallin. 

Thomas  Power. 
Ulick  Browne. 
Charles  Fitzgerald. 

Richard  Condon. 
Kennedy  O'Bryan. 
Thady  O'Connor. 

Redmond  Condon. 
Teigue  M*Carty. 
Arilliam  White. 

Patrick  •  Peiia.' 
John  Ryan. 
Philip  Connor. 


The  native  Annals,    especially  those  of  Innisfallen, 
abound  in  records  of  the  patriotism  and  perseverance 


with  which  the  noble  Sept  of  the  Macartys  laboured 
to  resist  the  early  invasion  of  the  Danes,  until  they 
were  at  length  induced  to  tolerate  their  settling  for 
commercial  purposes  in  that  province,  Desmond,  of 
which  they  were  Kings.  When  Henry  the  Second 
landed  at  Waterford,  Mac  Carty,  King  of  Desmond, 
delivered  to  him  the  keys  of  Cork  and  did  homage. 
This  great  family  was  popularly  distinguished  into 
two  branches,  the  Mac  Carty  More,  of  which  was 
Donald  Mac  Carty,  created  Earl  of  Glancare  by  Queen 
Elizabeth  ;  and  Mac  Carty  Reagh,  ranked  Princes  of 
Carbery.  Besides  being  Earls  of  Glancare,  the 
Mac  Cartys  were  subsequently  at  various  times  en- 
nobled  as  Barons  of  Valentia,  Barons  and  Viscounts 
Muskerry,  Earls  of  Clancarty,  and  in  this  reign  Lords 
Mountcashel.  In  1314,  Edward  the  Second  directed 
his  especial  letter  missive  to  Dermot  Mac  Arthy, 
'  Ditci  Hibemicorum  de  Dessemond^  for  his  aid  in 
the  Scottish  war.  In  Sir  John  Perrot's  Parliament, 
the  Earl  of  Glancare  sat  as  chief  representative  of 
this  Sept.  In  a  few  years  after,  the  Desmond  war 
having  wasted  Munster,  Florence  Mac  Carty  and  Der- 
mot  Mac-Donagh  Mac  Carty  passed  out  of  that  Pro- 
vince to  Spain.  Florence  had  been  previously  imprison- 
ed, and  during  his  confinement,  in  the  enthusiasm  of 
national  feeling,  he  wrote  an  '  Epistle  on  the  Antiqui- 
ties  of  the  Irish  Nation,'  which  is  preserved  in  the 
MSB.  of  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  (D.  3.  16).  In 
1605,  David  Lord  Barrie,  Viscount  Buttevant,  had  a 
grant  from  King  James  of  various  castles,  manors. 

488  KixG  James's  irish  army  list. 

customs,  &c.  ill  the  County  of  Cork,  '  the  estate  of 
Fineen  Mac  Oweu  Mac  Cartie,  late  of  Iniskeen,  slain 
in  rebellion.'  The  Attainders  of  1642  present  the 
names  of  Dermot  Mc  Carthy,  and  Donell  Mac  Teigue 
Mc  Carthy,  both  of  Ballyea,  County  of  Cork ;  with 
the  large  proportion  of  one  hundred  and  ten  several 
Inquisitions  confiscating  the  estates  of  other  proprie- 
tors of  the  name  in  that  County. 

At  the  Supreme  Council  held  in  Kilkenny  in  1646, 
Donogh  Mc  Carty,  Viscount  Muskerry,  was  of  its 
Temporal  Peers  ;  while  Charles  Mc  Carty  Reagh, 
Dermot  Mc  Carty  of  Kanturk,  and  Thady  Mc  Carty 
of  Killfallaway  were  of  the  Commons.  The  Viscount 
was  consequently  especially  excepted  from  pardon  for 
life  and  estate  in  Cromwell's  Ordinance  of  1652.  On 
the  Irish  Establishment  of  1687-8,  this  Colonel  Justin 
Macarty  was  placed  as  a  Major-General  of  the  Army 
for  the  annual  pay  of  £680,  with  an  addition  of 
£500  on  the  Pension  List  ;  while,  on  the  latter  fund, 
Daniel  Mc  Carty  Reagh  was  placed  for  £100  'per  an- 
num.  This  name  appears  in  commission  in  eight 
other  Regiments  of  the  present  muster.  In  1689,  a 
Captain  Mac  Cartie  was  killed,  according  to  Walker, 
or  taken  prisoner,  as  Mac  Eenzie  has  it,  in  attempting 
to  scale  the  walls  of  Derry ;  while  in  September  of  the 
following  year  another  Captain  Mac  Carty  was  taken 
prisoner  at  the  siege  of  Cork  by  Colonel  Churchill, 
afterwards  Duke  of  Marlborough.* 

This  Colonel   Justin  Macarty,  whom  O'Kelly,  in 

*  Story's  Impartial  History,  pt.  1,  p.  131. 


his  ^  Excidium  MacaricB^  styles  First  Lieutenant- 
General  of  the  Irish  Army,  was,  he  says,  "  a  man  of 
parts  and  courage,  wanting  no  quality  fit  for  a  com- 
plete captain,  if  he  were  not  somewhat  short-sighted."* 
As  the  best  qualified  officer  for  inspecting  arms,  ord- 
nance, and  engineering  tools,  he  was  appointed  Mus- 
ter-Master General  of  Artillery  in  Ireland,  and  con- 
stituted Lord  Lieutenant  of  the  County  of  Cork  ; 
where,  previously  to  King  James's  coming  over,  he 
took  Castle-Martyr  and  Bandon  from  the  possession  of 
the  Protestant  party,  and  was  considered  to  have 
suppressed  their  movements  in  two  of  the  other  pro- 
vinces.! ^^  King  James's  landing  at  Kinsale,  he 
sought  his  information  as  to  the  state  of  the  country 
more  especially  "  from  Justin  Macarty  and  from  Sir 
Thomas  Nugent,  (afterwards  created  Lord  Riverston) 
the  Lord  Chief  Justice.  He  then  applied  himself  to 
the  affairs  of  the  Army,  and  gave  orders  to  this  Jus- 
tin Macarty  to  form  seven  Regiments  of  Foot  of 
the  forces  raised  in  those  quarters,  as  also  to  arm  the 
Regiment  of  Dragoons  of  Sir  James  Cotter  (Sir  Fran- 
cis  Carroll's  on  this  List).J  Early  in  May,  1689,  he 
was  created  Lord  Viscount  Mountcashel  and  Baron 
of  Castleinchy,  and  was  introduced  with  that  title  on 
the  second  day  of  the  meeting  of  the  Parliament  of 
Dublin,  to  the  House  of  Peers;  immediately  after  which 
he  was  constituted  Commander  of  the  forces  designed 

*  O'Callaghan's  Excidium  Macaris,  p.  36. 

t  Clarke's  James  11.  vol.  2,  p.  327.  t  Idem. 


to  reduce  Eiiniskillen.*  Amongst  tlie  Peers  on  tliat 
occasion  sat  also  Donogh  Mac  Carty  (although  a 
minor)  by  Royal  dispensation;  while  in  the  Commons 
another  Justin  Macarty  was  one  of  the  Repi'esenta- 
tives  of  the  County  of  Cork  ;  Charles  and  Daniel 
Mac  Carty  Reagh  sat  for  the  Borough  of  Bandon, 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Owen  Mac  Carty  and  Daniel 
Fynneen  Mac  Carty  for  that  of  Cloughnakilty,  and 
Florence  Mac  Carty  was  one  of  the  Representatives  of 

the  Borough  of  Ennis. Lord  Mountcashel  proceeded 

under  his  aforesaid  commission  into  Ulster,  attended 
by  three  whole  Regiments  of  Infantry,  two  of  Dragoons, 
and  some  Horse  ;  being  all  the  troops  the  King  could 
draw  together  at  that  time.  His  Loixiship's  efforts 
in  that  Province  were,  however,  from  the  want  of  am- 
munition and  the  rawness  of  his  soldiers,  ineffective. 
In  an  engagement  near  Enniskillen,  he  was  severely 
wounded,  and,  being  carried  into  that  town  a  prisoner, 
'*  he  there  lay  long  under  cure  ;  but,  before  he  was  ful- 
ly recovered  of  his  wounds,  he  made  his  escape  after  a 
strange  and  wonderfid  manner,  to  the  universal  joy  of 
all  the  Irish.^t  "  The  town  of  Enniskillen,"  writes 
Story  (Impaiiial  History,  part  1,  p.  51)  "stands  upon 
a  lough,  and  the  water  came  to  the  door  of  the  house 
where  he  was  confined,  or  very  near  it.  He  found 
means  to  cornipt  a  servant,  and  to  get  two  small  boats 
called  '  cots '  to  carry  him  and  his  best  moveables  off 
by  night."  This  act  having  been  represented  as  a 
breach  of  parol.  Lord  Mountcashel,  previous  to  re- 

♦  O'Callagban  8  Brigades,  vol.  1,  p.  26.  t  Idem,  p.  36. 


suming  military  duties  in  France,  the  new  scene  of 
his  achievements,  thought  it  necessary  to  submit  him- 
self to  be  tried  before  a  Court  of  Honour  in  that 
country,  when  he  was  fully  aquitted  by  this  tribunal. 
When  the  Duke  of  Schomberg  landed  at  Bangor  in 
the  County  of  Down,  in  August,  1689,  his  first  move- 
ment was  against  Carrickfergus  ;  to  invest  which  he 
sent  five  Kegiments  of  Foot  and  some  Horse,  follow- 
ing on  the  next  day  himself  with  the  remainder  of 
the  Army.  The  town  was  governed  by  Colonel  Charles 
Macarty  More,  whose  garrison  consisted  of  his  own 
Kegiment  and  nine  companies  of  Colonel  Cormuck 
O'Neill's.  He  defended  the  place  for  ten  days  against 
Scomberg's  operations  by  land  and  sea  ;  nor  was  it 
until  reduced  to  the  last  extremity,  having  but  one 
barrel  of  powder  left,  and  without  any  hope  of  relief, 
that  he  quitted  the  town,  upon  very  honourable  terms. 
"  The  garrison,"  says  Story,  in  the  first  part  of  his 
Impartial  History  (p.  10),  "  were  lusty  strong  fellows, 
but  ill-clad,  and,  to  give  them  their  due,  they  did  not 
behave  ill  in  that  siege." 

Lord  Mountcashel  was  attainted  in  1691,  and 
again  in  1696,  on  which  occasion  seventy-eight  other 
Inquisitions  of  Outlawries  were  held  on  the  McCartys, 
on  whose  confiscations  various  claims  were  preferred 
at  Chichester  House. 

The  reader  must  be  here  reminded  that,  when 
James  the  Second  was  induced  to  attempt  a  landing 
in  Ireland,  Louis  the  Fourteenth  agreed  to  send  over 
thither  for  his  service  six  thousand  of  his  veterans, 
under  the  command  of  De  Lausun,  in  exchange  for  as 


many  young  soldiers   from   Ireland.     Lord   Mount- 
cashel  was  appointed  to  head  the  latter,  a  movement 
which,  Colonel  O'Kelly  writes,  "  was  desired  hy  Tyrcon- 
nel,  while  Mountoashel  himself,  who  could  not  endure 
Tyrconnel's  haughty  movement,  was  not  displeased  to 
serve  France  under  the  great  Louis.*^    On  the  arrival 
of  the  Irish  forces  in  that  country,  they  were  received 
with  the  most  flattering  and  generous  treatment  by 
the  King.     MountcasheFs  Regiment,  having  suffered 
almost  annihilation  in  the  engagement  near  Ennis- 
killen,  was  strengthened  with  fresh  recmits  before  it 
could  be  brought  out.     The  second  Regiment  sent 
out,   Clare's,   was   commanded   by   the    Honoumble 
Daniel  O'Brian,  son  of  Lord  Clare  ;  the  thiixi,  Dillon's, 
was  under  the  Honourable  Arthur  Dillon,  second  son 
of  the  Lord  Viscount  of  that  name.     There  were  two 
other  Begiments  sentovorwith  these,  viz.  Colonel  Rich- 
ard Butler  s  and  Colonel  Robert  Fielding's,  but  they  do 
not  appear  upon  this  'List ;'  and  were  at  once  incorpo- 
rated in  the  three  first.     Soon  after  Mountcashel's 
arrival  in  Fmnce  (1690-91),  he  received  a  commission 
from  Louis,  entitling  him  to  command  all  the  Irish 
troops  taken  into  the  French  service,  viz.,  his  own, 
O'Brien's,  and  Dillon's  ;  and  in  a  few  days  after  was 
empowered  to  act  as  a  Lieutenant-General  of  France, 
as  he  already  was  of  England  and  Ircland.f     In  order 
at  once  to  engage  his  military  services,  he  was  ordered 
to  Savoy,  where  the  French  corps  (Tarmee  was  then 
too  feeble  for  active  operations.     After  a  mareh  of 

•  Excid.  Mac.  p.  46.       t  O'Callaghan  s  Brigades,  vol.  1,  p.  69. 


five  hundred  miles  under  a  burning  sun,  to  which  the 
men  were  unaccustomed,  it  joined  the  French  army 
near  the  capital  of  Savoy,  towards  the  latter  end  of 
July.  Lieutenant-General  the  Marquis  of  St.  Ruth, 
(destined  afterwards  to  fall  at  Aughrim)  on  the  ar- 
rival of  the  Irish,  recognised  their  value,  and  fearlessly 
approached  Chantilly.  Calculating  on  their  courage 
and  agility  as  mountaineers,  he  promptly  ordered 
their  forces  to  join  him,  with  the  object  of  driving  the 
Piedmontese  beyond  the  high  Alps  that  separate 
Savoy  from  Piedmont.  Nor  did  Mountcashel  disap- 
point his  expectations  ;  at  the  head  of  his  Regiment 
he  gained  the  defiles,  burst  through  the  abattis,  carried 
the  entrenchments,  and  forced  the  Piedmontese  to  fly 
to  the  summits  of  the  mountains.  M.  de  Salles,  their 
commander,  was  taken  prisoner,  the  next  in  command 
was  killed,  and  several  others  were,  in  the  pursuit, 
killed  or  taken.  Mountcashel  received  wounds  on 
this  occasion,  which,  though  he  was  unwilling  they 
should  withdraw  him  from  service,  yet  ultimately 
preyed  upon  him  to  death.  During  the  campaign  of 
1691,  St.  Ruth's  corps  was  embodied  in  the  French 
armies  of  Piedmont  and  Catalonia,  and  shared  with 
them  the  honor  of  the  capture  of  Montmelian,  the 
strongest  fortress  in  the  south  of  Europe ;  and  of  Urgel 
in  Catalonia,  defended  by  a  large  garrison,  the  elite 
of  the  Spanish  army.  Clare  s  mounted  the  trenches 
at  Montmelian,  and  Mountcashers  and  Dillon's  at 
Urgel.*     In    1692,  Mountcashel's  Brigade   was  en- 

♦  O'Conor'8  Milit.  Mem.  p.  100,  &c. 


gaged  in  hrilliant  services  with  Catiiiat  on  the  Pied- 
montese  frontier,  at  Guillestre,  and  Embrun.  Nine 
battalions  of  his  Brigarle  were  engaged  in  this  service, 
with  three  of  Clare's,  two  of  the  King's  and  Queen's 
Dismounted  Dragoons,  and  two  of  the  Queen's  In- 

fantry.* In   1694,   when   the   French   army   in 

Germany  was  commanded  by  Marshal  Boufflers, 
Mountcashel  served  as  a  Lieut<?nant-General  in  the 
corps  of  tlie  Grand  Army,  having  under  him  his  own 
Kegiment,  consisting  of  thi-ee  Battalions,  the  Dublin, 
the  Charlcmont,  and  the  Marines.  Their  nine  Bat- 
talions, in  all  about  6,000  men,  effected  the  reduction 
of  Beringheim  on  the  Necker,  the  only  achievement 
of  the  French  in  Germany  duiing  this  year.f  In 
the  campaign  on  the  Rhine,  Mountcashel  acted  as 
Lieutenant-General  under  Marshal  Lorges,  but  the 
effects  of  his  wounds  obliged  him  to  seek  benefit  from 
the  waters  of  Barege,  where  he  died  on  the  21st  of 
July,  1694.  He  had  married  the  Lady  Arabella 
Wentworth,  second  daughter  of  Thomas,  the  ill-fated 
Earl  of  Strafford,  by  whom  he  left  no  issue.  "  His 
death  made  room  for  the  advancement  of  Colonel 
Andrew  Lee,  an  officer  of  distinguished  reputation, 
who  afterwards  obtained  the  rank  of  Lieutenant- 
General,  and  by  whose  name  MountcasheFs  Regiment 
was  thenceforward  known.J 

In  1747,  Captain  Charles  Mac  Cartie  of  Buckley's 
Regiment  was  killed  at  Lauffield,  as  was  Flory  Mac 

♦  O'Conors  MiUt.  Mem.  p.  215-16.      t  Idem,  p.  224. 
}  Idem,  p.  228-9. 


Carty  of  Clare's  ;  and  Lieutenant  Florence  Mac 
Carty  of  Berwick's  was  wounded  on  the  same  occasion. 
In  1770,  died  in  England  Charles  Mac  Carty  More, 
a  Captain  in  the  First  Foot  Guards,  who  claimed  de- 
scent from  Dermot  Mac  Carthy,  King  of  Cork  in  the 
time  Henry  the  Second.* 


This  son  of  Sir  George  Hamilton  and  brother  of 
Count  George  Hamilton,  both  before  alluded  to,  was 
a  native  of  Ireland,  but  passed  out  of  it  to  France 
during  the  visitation  of  Cromwell.  On  the  Restora- 
tion he  also  returned ;  and,  after  the  accession  of 
James  the  Second  was  created  a  Privy  Councillor  in 
Ireland,  and  made  Governor  of  Limerick,  with  a  pen- 
sion  of  £200  per  annum.  When  the  Revolution 
broke  out  in  England  he  retired  to  France  with 
James  the  Second,  whom  he  afterwards  accompanied 
to  Ireland,  and  was  by  him  appointed  Colonel  of  a 
Regiment  of  Infantry,  and  finally  Major-General  of 
the  forces  under  Lord  Mountcashel  designed  to  re- 
duce EnniskiUen ;  in  the  progress  of  which  expedi- 
tion he  was  wounded  at  Belturbetf  He  had  greatly 
incensed  King  William  by  undertaking,  as  it  was 
alleged,  to  persuade  Tyrconnel  to  yield  up  Ireland  to 

^  Exshaw's  Mag.  ad  ann, 

t  O'Callaghan's  Brigades,  p.  32,  &c. 

490  KING  James's  misn  army  list. 

him  ;  adding  thiit,  when  ho  liad  obtained  all  the  con- 
fidence with  which  the  Whigs  would  entrust  him,  he 
posted  over  to  Ireland,  and  did  all  in  his  i)ower,  by 
pen,  intei-est,  or  sword,  in  the  cause  of  King  James. 
He  was  taken  prisoner  at  the  Boyne,  when  a  sarcasm 
little  worthy  of  majesty  is  said  to  have  been  applied 
to  him  by  King  William.  Leland,  following  Dr. 
Story,  says  this  rebuke  was  uttered  against  General 
Bichard  Hamilton,  who  was  also  taken  prisoner  here ; 
but  the  ivproach  (if  it  ever  were  s{x)ken)  could  not 
apply  to  the  latter.  By  the  intei-est  of  the  Queen,  on 
the  representations  of  the  Duke  of  Devonshire  and 
"  the  fair  Grammont,"  his  own  sister.  Count  Anthony 
was  released  from  captivity,  and  died  at  St.  Gkrmains 
in  1720,  aged  74.*  He  was  the  well-known  author 
of  the  '  Memoirs  of  Grammont,'  an  attractive  record 
of  scandalous  reminiscences.  It  is  only  to  be 
observed  that  on  the  present  Army  List  the  Lieute- 
nant-Colonelcy  is  not  filled;  but  it  was  afterwards 
filled  by  this  officer. 


Ortelk'SS  map  locates  the  'O'Hogains'  as  an  ancient 
Sept  in  Tipjxirary,  in  the  vicinity  of  Nenagh.  Of 
this  family  the  Annals  of  the  Diocese  of  Killaloe 
record    Matthew    O'llogain    its    Bishop    in     1267, 

♦  O'Callaghan  s  Brigades,  p.  284. 


Maurice  O'Hogain  in  1281,  Thomas  O'Hogain  in 
1343,  and  Kichard  Hogan  in  1525  ;  this  last  was 
afterwards  translated  to  the  See  of  Clonmacnoise,  a 
short  time  previous  to  its  union  with  Meath.  The 
above  officer  was  of  Terraleague,  County  of  Cork  ; 
while  there  are  also  on  this  Army  List,  besides  him 
and  Thomas  Hogan  a  Lieutenant  in  this  Regiment, 
Murtough  and  Hugh  Hogan,  Comets  in  Lord  Clare's 
Dragoons  ;  the  latter  was  of  Carnan,  County  of 
Clare ;  and  in  Colonel  Dudley  Bagnall's  Infantry, 
Daniel  Hogan  was  a  Captain,  and  William  Hogan  an 
Ensign.  Of  these,  John  and  Hugh  only  appear  on 
the  Roll  of  Attainders  in  1691.  Story  relates  *  that 
"Grace  and  Hogan,  two  Rapparee  Captains,  with 
eighty  men  surprised  a  castle  called  Camgart,  within 
six  miles  of  Birr." 


The  Condons  were  anciently  settled  in  the  County  of 
Cork;  but  their  chief  territory  was,  on  the  plantation 
of  Munster,  granted  to  Arthur  Hyde,  as  forfeited  by 
Patrick  Condon,  an  adherent  of  the  Earl  of  Des- 
mond. In  the  subsequent  Attainders  of  1642  no 
less  than  twenty-one  Inquisitions  were  held  on  this 
name.  Besides  the  above  Captain  Richard,  and  Red- 
mond Condon  an  Ensign  in  this  Regiment,  Edmund 
Condon  was  a  Lieutenant  in  Colonel  John  Barrett's 

*  Stoiy's  Impartial  Hist.  pt.  2,  p.  8. 



Infantry.  The  Attainders  of  1691  have  the  names 
of  John  Condon  of  Carricknavoura,  David  of  Bally- 
macpatrick  and  John  his  son,  Garrett  of  Killecar  and 
Redmond  of  Ballywilliam,  all  in  the  County  of  Cork. 
Captain  Richaixl  appears  to  have  fallen  in  battle. 
His  widow  Julianne  was  an  unsuccessful  claimant  at 
Chichester  Ifouse  for  a  life  estat<3  in  his  Cork  lands. 


This  name  is  of  record  in  Ireland  from  the  time  of 
the  Tudors.  In  1536,  Dominick  Terry  consented  to 
be  appointed  Bishop  of  Cork  and  Ross,  by  mandate  of 
Henry  VIII.  and  held  the  See  in  opi)osition  to  the 
Pope's  nominee;  while  in  1616,  William  'Thyrry/ 
on  the  latter  authority,  became  titular  Bishop  thereof. 
The  Attainders  of  1642  have  only  the  names  of  Ed- 
mund Tyrry  of  Clonturk,  and  William  Tyrry  Fitz- 
Dominick  of  Ballymaci)eriy,  County  of  Cork.  Those 
of  1691  include  William  and  Robert  Terry  of 
Ballingcurry,  George  and  John  of  Rathnagarde, 
Francis  of  Galway,  and  James,  Patrick  and  Stephen 
Thyrry  of  Limerick. 


Tms  family  has  been  noticed  ante^  p.  309  and  its  settle- 
ment at  Tristernagh  in  the  County  of  Westmeath, 


Captain  William  Piers  of  that  place  was  an  Officer 
under  Queen  Elizabeth  in  her  wars  of  Ireland,  and 
Holinshed  mentions  that  he  was  the  person  who 
"contrived  of  destroying  the  great  rebel  O'Neill."* 
His  great  grandson,  Sir  Henry  Piers  of  Tristernagh, 
drew  a  brief  memoir  of  his  native  County,  which  has 
been  published  in  VaUancejfs  Collectanea  Hibernica. 
In  the  Attainders  of  1642,  John  Piers,  described  as  of 
Wicklow,  is  the  only  person  of  this  name,  while  those 
outlawed  in  1691  were  John  and  Turlogh  Piers  of 
Calwonmaine,  County  of  Clare.  In  this  Regiment 
Patrick  Piers  was  Maurice's  Ensign,  and  in  Sir  Neill 
O'Neiirs  Dragoons,  Christopher  Piers  was  a  Cornet. 


The  most  influential  branch  of  this  family,  O'Mally  or 
O'Maley,  has  been  long  established  in  the  County  of 
Mayo,  where,  in  the  reign  of  Elizabeth,  Grace, 
daughter  of  Owen  O'Maley,  called  by  the  natives 
Grana  Uile,  made  her  name  so  widely  known,  that  in 
1576  the  Lord  Deputy  Sidney  wrote  of  her  to  the 
Council  in  England,  as  one  '  powerful  in  gallies  and 
seamen.'  The  renown  of  her  Sept  in  maritime 
affiiirs  and  naval  exploits  is  indicated  in  their  heral- 
dic motto,  '  Terra  marique  potens.^  Her  visit  to  the 
Court  of  Elizabeth  and  her  carrying  off  the  infant  son 
of  the  Lord  of  Howth  from  his  father's  residence  have 

♦  Ware's  Writers,  p.  102. 



been  commemorated  in  prose  and  poetry.  Her 
nephew,  Edmund  O'Malley,  born  in  1579,  adhered  to 
the  cause  of  Charles  the  First,  and  died  at  Breda  in 
exile,  leaving  a  son  who  was  present  when  very  young 
at  the  battle  of  Worc<3ster,  and  accompanied  his  father 
to  Breda ;  on  the  Restoration  he  recovered  a  portion 
of  his  ancient  inherifcince.  He  (continues  Sir  Ber- 
nard Burke)  attended  James  the  Second  through  all 
his  Irish  campaigns,  and  died  with  him  in  exile  at  St. 
Germains  in  1692.  He  married  at  the  Court  of 
Spain  the  daughter  of  Sir  Christopher  Garvey,  a  maid 
of  honor  to  the  Queen,  by  whom  he  had  a  son  Teigue 
or  Thady  O'Malley,  who  held  a  commission  as  Captain 
of  Irish  Dragoons  during  this  campaign.* 

This  family  was  so  formidable  in  the  estimation  of 
the  Lord  President  of  Munster  during  the  war  in 
that  Province,  that  in  1601  when  "intelligence 
having   reached   him,  and  letters  being  intercepted, 

whereby  it  probably  appeared  that the  O'Mayleys 

and  OTlahertys  had  a  purpose  with  six  hundred  men 
to  invade  Kerry,. •..principally  to  disturb  his  Govern- 
ment, he  despatched  a  strong  body  of  men  to  do  good 
service  on  the  rebels  at  their  passage  over  the  Shan- 
non, which,  of  necessity,  they  must  hazard  before  they 
could  come  into  Munster  ;''f  a  service  which  was 
effectively  rendered.  After  the  defeat  of  the 
Spaniards  at  Kinsale,  when  Sir  Charles  Wilmot  was 
despatched  to  watch  over  the  inhabitants  of  Kerry, 

*  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  p.  964. 
f  Pacata  Hibernia,  pp.  222-3. 


Owen  O'Mayley  was  one  of  the  native  chiefs  who,  at 
the  head  of  "  500  foot  and  a  few  horse,  vainly  sought 
at  Lixnaw  to  stay  his  passage."*  In  Lord  Galway's 
Regiment  of  Infantry,  a  Daniel  Mally,  described  in 
his  Attainder  as  of  Tynehugh,  County  of  Donegal, 
was  an  Ensign.  With  him  were  attainted  in  1690 
Nicholas  Mally  of  Dublin,  Thady  of  Drogheda,  mer- 
chant ;  Neil  O'Malley  also  of  Tynehugh,  and  Patrick, 
Owen,  and  Darby  O'Malley  of  Owles,  County  of 
Mayo.  In  the  latter  part  of  the  eighteenth  century, 
Patrick  O^Malley,  of  the  Mayo  Sept,  was  killed  in  the 
Austrian  service. 



CaptaMW.  LimUenanU,  Ensigns, 

The  Colonel.  

John  SheltoD,  

PhOip  Bicautt,  


Alezinder  Magoire.  

Walter  Bntler.  Gerald  Fitzgerald. 

Lord  Upper  Oflsorj. 

Garret  '  TirrelL'  Edmund  Porcell.  Garret  Dease. 

Edmimd  Fitsgerald.  ............  

Donogh  M*Gartj. 
Andrew  Dorrington.         > 
Comeline  Mnrphj.  { 

*  PacaU  Hibemia,  p.  533. 



DoNOGH  Mac  Carty,  the  grandfather  of  this  noble- 
man, was  Viscount  Miiskerry  and  first  Earl  of  Clon- 
carty.  He  was  General  of  the  Irish  forces  of  Mun* 
ster  for  Charles  the  First  and  Charles  the  Second 
against  the  Parliamentarian  Revolutionists.  When 
resistance  was  no  longer  available  at  home,  he  brought 
oif  a  large  body  of  his  countrymen  to  the  Continent ; 
and,  surviving  the  Restoration,  died  in  London  in 
August,  1665.  He  had  by  his  wife,  the  Lady  Butler, 
eldest  sister  of  James  the  first  Duke  of  Ormond, 
Charles,  Callaghan,  and  Justin  Mac  Carty ;  the  eldest 
fell  in  battle  about  two  months  previous  to  his  Other's 
decease,  in  the  memorable  sea-fight  at  South-hold  Bay, 
where  James,  then  Duke  of  York,  at  the  head  of  ninety, 
eight  ships  of  the  line  and  four  fire-ships,  gained  the 
most  glorious  victory  that  had  ever  been  obtained  by 
the  English  marine,  over  the  naval  power  of  Holland. 
This  son  of  Earl  Donogh  was  intended  in  Westminster 
Abbey,  and,  as  he  left  no  issue,  the  titles  and  estates 
devolved  upon  his  next  brother  Callaghan,  who  had 
entered  upon  an  ecclesiastical  life  in  France  with  the 
intention  of  becoming  a  Priest ;  but,  on  the  extinc- 
tion of  his  elder  brother's  line,  he  became  a  Protestant, 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  the  sixteenth  Earl  of 
Kildare,  and  dying  in  November,  1676,  left  issue  by  her 
one  son,  the  above  Colonel,  born  about  the  year  1670, 
He  was  educated  a  Protestant  by  the  Archbishop  of 
Canterbury,  and  bred  up  at  Oxford,  "  where  young 


gentlemen  in  those  days  did  not  a  leam  a  compla- 
cency for  popery,  as  they  have  since  Sacheverel  and 
his  fellows  have  been  encouraged  there.''*     His  uncle 
Justin    McCarty,   without   the    knowledge    of   his 
mother,  married  him  at  sixteen  years  old  to  Mary, 
daughter  of  the  Eari  of  Sunderland,  who  was  then  a 
Court  favourite,  and  immediately  sent  him  to  Ireland. 
Smith,  in  his  History  of  Cork,  (vol.  1,  p.  175,  n.) 
details  some  curious  particulars  respecting  this  noble- 
man's  marriage.     He  and  his  uncle  warmly  espoused 
the  cause  of  King  James.     Early  in  March,  1689,  the 
townspeople  of  Bandon  fell  upon  its  small  Jacobite 
garrison  under  Captain  Donell  O'Neill,  seized  their 
arms,  clothes,  &c.,  and  shut  the  gates  against  this 
Earl  Donogh,  who  was  advancing  with  a  reinforce- 
ment of  six  companies  to  relieve  the  place.f      His 
uncle,    however,    Lieutenant-General    Justin,    after 
taking  precautions  against  any  hostile  rising  in  the 
City  of  Cork  and  its  vicinity,  compelled  the  William- 
ites  of  Bandon  to  seek  pardon,  open  their  gates,  pay 
£1000  fine,  and  level  their  waUs,  which  have  never 
since  been  rebuilt ;  this  achievement  put  an  end  to  any 
opposition  to  James  in  Munster.     On  that  monarch's 
subsequently  landing  at  Kinsale,  the  Earl  of  Clancarty 
with  Tyrconnel  received  him  ;    the  former  entertain- 
ing His  Majesty,  who  "  made  him  a  Lord  of  the  Bed- 
chamber,  appointed  him  Clerk  of  the  Crown  and 
Peace  for  the    Province   by    Letters    Patent,   and 

*  Memoirs  of  Ireland  (printed  1716),  p.  56.     f  Idem,  p.  23. 


created  his  Infantry  Regiment  a  Royal  Regiment  of 

In  the  Parliament  of  Dublin,  May,  1689,  this  Earl, 
though  under  age,  sat  as  a  Peer  by  royal  dispensation. 
In  1690,  being  in  the  City  of  Cork  when  it  was  be- 
sieged by  the  Earl,  afterwards  Duke,  of  Marlborough, 
he  was  taken  prisoner  and  sent  off  to  the  Tower  of 
London,  where  he  was  held  until  the  autumn  of  1694, 
when  he  succeeded  in  making  his  escape  to  France, 
and  there  he  commanded  a  troop  of  King  James's 
Guards  until  the  peace  of  Ryswick  in  1697.  In  the 
following  year  he  ventured  to  visit  England  and  his 
wife,  but  was  instantly  arrested,  and  was  only  par- 
doned  on  condition  of  abjuring  the  kingdom  ;  where- 
upon he  retired  to  Hamburgh,  and,  purchasing  an 
island  on  the  Elbe  near  Altona,  made  it  his  residence 
till  his  deatLf  He  was  attainted  in  1691  and  1696, 
and  his  forfeitures  gave  an  immense  tract  of  country 
to  the  Crown.  A  letter  of  Bartholomew  Van  Homrigh, 
dated  11th  December,  1697,  in  the  Southwell  MSS. 
Collections,  says,  "  the  grant  of  the  late  Earl  of  Glan- 
carty's  estates  to  Lord  Woodstock  is  this  night  past 
the  Great  Seal  of  Ireland,  so  that  all  the  said  estate 
is  now  by  law  in  my  Lord  Woodstock  and  his  heirs 
for  ever.  "J  The  extent  of  the  old  Irish  assessments 
which  his  ancestors  levied  may  be  judged  firom  a 
previous  patent  of  King  James  (1608),  granting  to 

♦  Memoirs  of  Ireland,  p.  24. 

t  O'Callaghans  Brigades,  v.  1,  p.  140. 

J  Thorpe's  Catul.  Southwell  MSS.  p.  26. 


Sir  Henry  Power,  Knight,  Privy  Councillor,  all  and 
singular  the  seigniories,  chief  rents,  silver  rents, 
customs  of  beeves,  swine,  butter,  oats,  beer,  bran, 
honey,  and  all  other  services  which  belonged  to  Donald, 
late  Earl  of  Clancartie,  and  were  forfeited  to  the 
Crown  in  Kerry  and  Desmond  counties. 

At  the  Court  of  Chichester  House,  the  Countess  of 
Clancarty  claimed  off  all  the  estate  of  this  nobleman 
*  a  competent  maintenance,'  and  preferred  other 
charges  attaching  to  the  same,  but  with  no  success. 
Various  other  claims  were  advanced  as  attaching  to  this 
immense  territory,  and  some  few  were  allowed.  The 
chief  purchasers  of  these  estates  from  the  Commission- 
ers of  the  Forfeitures  were  Alderman  James  French, 
Sir  Richard  Pyne,  Knight,  Lord  Chief  Justice  of  the 
Common  Pleas  ;  seventeen  other  private  individuals, 
and,  yet  more,  the  Hollow  Swords'  Blades  Company. 

In  June,  1704,  this  Earl's  Countess  died  at  the 
place  of  his  exile,  leaving  issue  by  him  two  sons, 
Robert  and  Justin.  His  attainder  was  reversed  and 
his  honors  restored  in  1721,  but  he  never  returned, 
and  died  at  his  island  retreat  in  October,  1734,. aged 
64.  His  son  and  heir  Robert  resided  many  years  at 
Boulogne-sur-mer,  where  he  lived  an  Irish  hospitable 
life  (see  Walker's  Hibernian  Magazine  for  1796, 
p.  12,  &c.),  and  died  in  1770,  aged  84,  he  also  leaving 
two  sons.  The  Brigade  Regiment  known  as  Clan- 
carty's  was  commanded  by  Roger  Mc  Ellicott  (who 
had  been  Governor  of  Cork  when  it  was  taken  by  the 
Earl  of  Marlborough)  ;  Edward  Scott  was  its  Lieu- 

506  KING  James's  irisu  army  list. 

tenant-Colonel  and  John  Murphy  its  Major. The 

late  Compte  de  Mac  Carthy  Keagh  collected  a  library, 
second  in  its  extent  only  to  that  of  the  King  of 
Fnmce  ;  no  other  possesse<l  so  large  a  number  of 
printed  and  manuscript  books  on  vellum.  On  his 
death,  liowever,  this  magnificent  collection,  like  the 
estates  of  the  family  a  century  previous,  was  scattered 
amongst  strangers.* 

Nothing  known  of  him  or  his  connexions. 


The  Mac  Gilla  Phadniig  (Fitz-Patrick)  was  in  the 
early  period  of  Irish  history  Ruler  of  Ossory,  a  territory 
extending  over  the  whole  country  between  the  rivers 
Nore  and  Suir  ;  and  the  native  annals  are  full  of  their 
lineage,  charitable  foundations,  and  achievements,  the 
castles  they  enacted,  and  the  abbeys  they  founded  and 
endowed.  In  1314,  Edward  the  Second  directed  his 
official  letter  missive  to  Donogh  Mac  GiDe-Patrick, 
as  Chief  of  his  Sept,  for  service  and  aid  in  the  war  to 
Scotland.  In  1541,  Brian  Mac  Gilla  Phadrig  was 
created  Baron  of  Upper  Ossory.  His  son,  the  second 
Baron,  was  the  companion  and  favourite  of  Edward  the 

♦  O'Callaghau's  Green  Book,  p.  281. 


Sixth.  Four  letters  of  his  to  that  young  king,  re- 
lating interesting  circumstances  connected  with  the 
war  in  France  and  Flanders,  are  preserved  in  the 
British  Museum,  as  are  two  others  from  him  to  the 
Earl  of  Leicester,  dated  in  1578  and  1579  from 
Dublin  Castle,  where,  having  incurred  Queen  Eliza- 
beth's displeasure,  he  was  confined  a  state  prisoner. 
In  the  last  letter  he  sought  to  obtain  the  EarFs  inter- 
position with  the  Queen,  accompanying  his  petition 
with  a  present  of  *  a  very  fair  hawk  of  a  tried  agree.' 
When  Sir  John  Perrot  convened  the  Conciliation 
Parliament  of  1585,  "  thither  went  Mc  Gill  Phadruig 
of  Ossory,  namely  Fingin,  the  son  of  Bryan,  son  of 
Fingin."*  At  the  Supreme  Council  of  Kilkenny 
Bryan  Fitz-Patrick,  Baron  of  Upper  Ossory,  was  of 
the  Temporal  Peers ;  while  Florence  Fitz-Patrick  of 
Lisdunveamey  was  of  the  Commons.  Cromwell's 
Ordinance  of  1652  excepted  the  above  Florence  Fitz- 
Patrick  and  Colonel  John  his  son  fr*om  pardon  for  life 

and  estate. As  the  honors  of  this  family  are  in 

abeyance,  and  the  descent  of  its  lines  obscure,  it  may 
be  here  mentioned  that  in  1674,  28th  January,  was 
buried  in  the  old  graveyard  of  the  Catholic  aristocracy 
at  St.  James's,  Dublin,  Dr.  Thady  Fitz-Patrick,  son 
to  Teigue  Oge  Fitzpatrick  of  Akipe,  son  to  Dermot  of 
Ballyrellin,  son  to  Teigue  Oge  Mac  Teigue  of  Munni- 
drohid.  This  Dr.  Thady  married  Julian,  daughter  of 
Pierce  Martin  of  Galway,  merchant,  son  of  Walter 
Martin  ;    and  had  issue  by  her  divers  children,  of 

*  Anoals  of  the  Four  Masters,  ad  ann. 

508  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

whom  *  survive*  three  sons,  Patrick,  John,  and  James, 
and  two  daughters.  Christian  and  Anne,  as  is  testified 
in  a  Funeral  Entry  in  Bermingham  Tower  by  Julian 

Martin,  the  widow  of  Dr.Thady. The  aboveCaptain 

was  Bryan  Fitzpatrick,  the  seventh  Baron  of  Upper 
Ossory,  whose  exploits  at  Mons  are  ftdly  detailed  in 
Harris's  Life  of  William  the  Third.*  He  had  a  pension 
of  £100  per  annum  from  Charles  the  Second,  which 
was  on  the  1st  of  January,  1687,  continued  to  him  by 
King  James.  He  sat  in  the  Parliament  of  Dublin, 
was  attainted  in  1691,  and  died  in  1696.  He  had 
been  married  three  times,  but  left  no  issue  by  any  of 
of  his  wives.  In  the  Act  "  to  hinder  the  reversal  of 
several  Outlawries  and  Attainders,"  passed  in  the  sixth 
year  of  William  the  Third,  it  was  provided  that  the 
same  should  not  extend  to  confirm  the  outlawries  of 
the  late  Earl  of  Upper  Ossory,  but  the  same  might  be 
capable  of  being  reversed  in  such  manner  as  if  that 
Act  had  never  been  made.  On  his  decease  his  nephew 
assumed  the  title,  but  it  was  denied  to  him  at  law, 
and  this  ancient  Barony  has  been  considered  thence 
extinct.  At  Chichester  House,  the  Lady  Dorothy 
his  third  wife,  claimed,  as  Baroness  Dowager  of  Upper 
Ossory,  a  long  term  for  years  in  the  Queen's  County 
estates  forfeited  by  her  lord's  attainder.  Of  the  name 
there  appear  also  on  this  *Army  List,'  John  Fitzpatrick 
a  Captain  and  Darby  Fitzpatrick  a  Lieutenant  in 
Colonel  Edward  Butler's  Regiment  of  Infantry  ;  the 
former  afterwards  became  a  Major,  and  was  taken 

*  See  its  ludex  Titles  *  Ossory'  and  '  Mons/ 


prisoner  in  the  service.  He  was  described  in  his 
attainder  as  *  of  Kilkenny/  the  latter  of  Clooneen, 
Queen's  County.  A  Thady  Fitzpatrick,  most  pro- 
bably a  relative  of  the  above  Dr.  Thady,  was  in  1689 
Deputy  Lieutenant  of  the  Queen's  County,  and  one  of 
the  Representatives  for  Maryborough  in  the  Parlia- 
ment  of  Dublin.  He  too  was  attainted  in  1691,  but 
afterwards  obtained  a  pardon  under  the  Great  Seal. 

Besides  those  before  mentioned,  there  were  also  at- 
tainted in  1691  Terence  Fitzpatrick  of  Kilbredelegg, 
Bryan  of  Moneydriluch  and  Killdeley,  Redmond  of 
Kilmanbought,  Charles  of  Bamyballeragh,  and  Flo- 
rence of  Clonaghill,  all  in  their  native  County,  (the 
Queen's);  while  Dermott  Fitzpatrick  was  a  forfeiting 
proprietor  in  the  County  of  Clare.  At  the  siege  of 
Derry,  a  Lieutenant  Fitzpatrick  was  killed  "  in  the 
orchard  on  the  other  side  of  the  walls."*  On  the  first 
of  May,  1691,  "Major  Wood,  having  notice  that  the 
rapparees  were  in  great  force  about  Brittas  in  the 
Queen's  County,  went  out  with  300  of  my  Lord 
George  Hamilton's  and  Colonel  Lloyd's  Foot  and  fifty 
of  Colonel  Byerly's  Horse,  with  which  he  first  killed 
nigh  seventy  Rapparees,  and,  leaving  part  of  his  men 
to  secure  passes,  he  went  three  miles  further  beyond  a 
place  called  the  Togher  of  Malahone,  having  with  him 
110  Foot,  and  30  Horse  ;  but,  instead  of  the  rappa- 
rees whom  only  he  expected,  he  espied  two  bodies  of 
the  Irish  army  said  to  be  near  eight  hundred  in  num- 
ber.    These  he  encountered,  and  afl;er  several  charges 

♦  Walker's  Siege  of  Deny,  p.  61. 


at  different  places  put  them  to  the  rout,  killing  one 
hundred  and  fifty  on  the  place,  amongst  whom  was 
one  Captain  Sheales  ;  and  he  took  Major  John  Fitz- 
patrick  (before  alluded  to)  prisoner,  who  commanded 
the  party,  and  seventeen  officers  more,  with  six  ser- 
geants, sixteen  corporals,  two  drummers,  and  also 
eighty  privates.*^  In  1693,  at  the  battle  of  Landon, 
a  Colonel  Fitzpatrick  was  woundedf ;  and  in  1696, 
Brigadier-General  Edward  Fitzpatrick  was  drowned  in 
the  Holyhead  packet  with  several  other  officers.  The 
vessel  was  cast  away  by  a  violent  storm  near  Sutton, 
on  the  Dublin  coast.  He  was  the  elder  brother  of 
Richard  first  Lord  Gowran,  the  son  of  which  latter 
nobleman  was  afterwards  created  Earl  of  Upper 

In  1732,  James  Fitzpatrick  was  killed  at  the 
battle  of  Oran,  in  the  Spanish  service.  He  had 
preferred  a  claim  to  the  Barony  of  Upper  Ossory 
before  the  House  of  Lords  in  the  previous  year,  but 
he  was  considered  to  have  failed  in  his  evidence,  and 
the  issue,  which  he  left,  did  not  prosecute  the  claim. 


He   was  of  the  House  of  Turbotstown,  County  of 
Westmeath,  as  was  also  Richard  Dease,  and  there  the 

*  Story's  Impartial  History,  pt.  2,  p.  73. 

t  Rawdon  Papers,  p.  379. 

X  Lodge's  Peerage,  edited  by  Archdall,  vol.  2,  p.  846. 



family  still  exists.  They  were  both  attainted  in 
1691,  as  were  Thomas  Fitz-Laurence  Dease  of 
Morterstown,  and  Richard  amd  Edward  Dease  of 
Glanidan,  in  the  same  County. 



The  Colonel. 

Paul  Daly. 


Edward  Maddeo.) 
Lord  DiUon.         )- 
Lieut  Cols.        } 

Richard  de  Bni^. 

David  Dowd. 

Edmund  Darcy. 

(  Andrew  Ljnch. 
{  Michael  Madden. 


Charles  Dalj. 
John  Bonrke. 

Teigue  0*Kelly. 
•  Luk*  Talbot. 

Bryan  Kelly. 
WiUiam  Kelly. 

Sir  UUck  Bourke. 

Gerald  Farrell. 

Patrick  Bermingham. 

James  Talhot 

Marcus  French. 

John  French. 

Edward  Boarke. 
Hemy  Crofton. 

Hugh  Daly. 
Thadj  Daly. 
Michael  Madden. 

William  Kelly. 
John  Bourke. 
UHck « Bourk.' 

John  Bermingham. 
William  Benningham. 
John  Talhot. 

John  Bonrk. 

Augustin  Bodkin. 

Bryan  'Bfaghan.* 

Lord  Athenree. 

Ulick  Bourke. 


This  great  family  of  De  Burgh  deduces  its  origin 
from  Charlemagne.      His  descendant,   Baldwin  the 


Second,  was  father  of  Ilarlowen,  who  married  Arlotta, 
the  mother  of  William  the  Conqueror.  His  eldest 
son  by  her  was  Robert,  Earl  of  Cornwall,  who  accom- 
panied his  half-brother  William  in  the  invasion  of 
England.  The  grandson  of  Robert  was  Adelm,  who 
is  said  to  have  married  Agnes,  daughter  of  Louis  the 
Seventh,  King  of  France,  and  he  was  father  to 
William,  who  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Richard 
the  Second,  King  of  England,  and  widow  of  the  cele- 
brated Llewellyn,  Prince  of  Wales.  lie  founded  with 
pious  policy  the  Monastery  of  St.  Thomas  a-Becket 
in  Dublin,  and  was  father  of  Richard  De  Burgh,  the 
great  Lord  of  Connaught,  Viceroy  of  Ireland  in  1227, 
and  who  died  in  1243,  when  on  his  passage  to 
France,  attended  by  his  Barons  and  Knights,  to  meet 
the  King  of  England  at  Bourdeaux.  He  had  two 
sons,  Walter,  I^ord  of  Connaught,  who,  marrying 
Maud,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Hugh  De  Lacie  the 
Younger,  became  in  her  right  Earl  of  Ulster  on  the 
death  of  his  father-in-law,  and  who  left  by  his  said 
wife,  Richard,  the  second  Earl  of  Ulster,  commonly 
known  as  the  Red  Earl.  His  great  grand-daughter, 
the  Ltidy  Elizabeth  De  Burgh,  only  child  and  heiress 
of  William,  third  Earl  of  Ulster,  married  Lionel, 
Duke  of  Clarence,  son  of  Edward  the  Third ;  from 
which  marriage  most  of  the  Crowned  Heads  of  Eurojxj 
are  descended  ;  those  of  England,  Scotland,  Denmark, 
France,  Bohemia,  Sardinia,  Spain,  Prussia,  Saxony, 
Bavaria,  Hungary,  &c.,  as  all  laid  down  on  author- 
ities and  in  tables  by  Doctor  Burke  Ryan  of  London, 


with  a  kind  hope  that  it  might  suit  the  present  work; 
but,  as  the  record  was  not  found  to  interest  the  pre- 
cent  generation,  the  expense  of  such  an  addition  was 
reluctantly  declined.  William,  the  second  son  of 
Richard  the  Lord  of  Connaught,  derived  large  estates 
(beyond  the  two  Provinces  of  Connaught  and  Ulster), 
in  Tipperary,  where,  according  to  his  namesake  lie 
Burgo,  the  historian  of  the  Irish  Dominican  order, 
the  name  was  then  still  widely  extended;  although,  a 
few  years  previous  to  the  time  of  that  laborious  wri- 
ter, a  large  portion  of  the  estates  of  the  Tipperary 
Bourkes  was  granted  to  Sir  Oliver  Lambert,  Knight 
and  Privy  Councillor.  The  Attainders  of  1642  give 
but  one  of  this  name,  John  Bourke,  described  as  '  of 
Dublin.'  At  the  Supreme  Council  of  1646,  John 
'Burke,'  Bishop  of  Clonfert,  was  of  the  Spiritual 
Peers;  William  Burke,  Baron  of  Castleconnell,  of  the 
Temporal;  and  of  the  Commons  were  John  Burke  of 
Castlecaroe,  Richard  of  Drumrusk,  William  of  Pol- 
lardstown,  Richard  of  Shellewly,  Theobald  of  Buoly- 
burk,  and  Ulick  Burke  of  Glinsk.  Cromwell's  Act 
'  for  settling  Ireland'  excepted  from  pardon  for  life 
and  estate  Miles  '  Bourk,'  Viscount  Mayo,  Sir  Theo- 
bald Bourk  his  son  ;  Edmund  of  Cloghan,  County  of 
Mayo;  Thomas  of  Anbally,  and  Redmond  of  Kilcornin, 
both  in  the  County  of  Galway.  The  Royal  declara- 
tion of  thanks,  as  for  services  beyond  the  seas, 
includes  the  names  of  the  Earl  of  Clanricarde ;  David 
Bourk  of  Bamanlahie,  County  of  Tipperary;  Sir  Ulick 
Bourk,  Knight  and  Baronet,  of  Glinsk;  Lieutenant 


514  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

William  Bourke  of  Turlogh,  County  of  Mayo  ;  and 
Captain  William  Mac  Redmond  Bourke.  Lords  Brit- 
tas  and  Castleconnell  were  on  the  Establishment  of 
1617-18  for  pensions  of  £100  per  annum  each. 

In  King  James's  Charters  to  the  Boroughs  of  Gal- 
way,  Limerick,  Mayo,  Cavan,  and  Koscommon,  this 
family  was  numerously  represented.  In  the  Parlia- 
ment of  1689  sat  amongst  the  Peers  this  Earl  of 
Clanricarde,  the  Viscount  Mayo,  the  Lord  Castlecon- 
nel.  Lord  Bophin,  and  Lord  Brittas.  The  father  of 
this  latter  nobleman,  the  Honorable  William  Bourke, 
served  in  the  lloyalist  cause  during  the  Civil  war  of 
1641,  and  by  Cromwell's  order  was  executed  at  Cork 
in  1653.  His  son,  the  Lord  here  six)ken  of,  served 
as  above,  a  Colonel  in  King  James's  army.  He 
married  the  Lady  Ilonora,  daughter  of  Morrough, 
the  first  Earl  of  Inchequin,  by  whom  he  left  a  son,  dis- 
inherited by  his  attainder.  This  son  resided  at  St. 
Germains,  assumed  the  title  of  Lord  Brittas,  and  died 
in  France,  leaving  issue  by  his  wife  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Colonel  Gordon  O'Neill,  two  sons;  John, 
styled  Lord  Brittas,  a  Captain  in  the  French  service; 
and  Thomas,  a  Lieutenant-General  in  the* 

In  the  Commons  sat  Sir  Ulick  Bourke,  one  of 

the  Representatives  for  Galway  ;  John  of  Carrickni- 
hill,  one  for  Askeaton  ;  Walter,  one  for  the  County  of 
Mayo  ;  Thomas  for  Castlebar ;  William  Bourke  of 
Carrowford  for  the  Borough  of  Tuam  ;  and  John 
Bourke  for  the  County  of  Roscommon.     Besides  this, 

•  Burke's  Extinct  Peerage. 


the  Earl  of  Clanricarde's  Regiment,  Walter  Bourke 
was  Colonel  of  a  second  Regiment  of  Infantry,  Patrick 
of  a  third,  and  Michael  of  a  fourth;  while  the  name 
appears  commissioned  in  twenty-two  other  Regiments 
on  this  list. 

At  the  siege  of  Derry  in  1689,  a  Lieutenant  Burke 
was  killed  on  the  occasion  of  the  attack  by  the  wind- 
mill.* In  the  following  year,  William  Burke  of  the 
Mayo  line,  who  had  been  appointed  Governor  of  the 
Castle  of  Grange  in  the  County  of  Sligo,  was  ordered 
by  King  James  to  defend  it ;  when,  being  vigorously 
besieged  and  disappointed  of  promised  succours,  at  the 
moment  that  the  besiegers  were  about  to  enter  the 
breach  he  blew  up  the  Castle,  and,  with  many  of  his 
enemies,  was  buried  in  the  ruins.  On  the  7th  of 
June,  1691,  Baron  De  Ginkle  appeared  before  Bally- 
more  on  the  line  to  Athlone,  and  summoned  the  Irish 
Governor,  Sir  Ulick  Burke,  to  surrender.  "The  gar- 
rison consisted  of  800  men,  the  elite  of  the  Irish,  be- 
ing picked  men  from  all  the  Regiments.  In  the  space 
of  twenty-four  hours,  six  batteries  crumbled  all  the 
works  to  the  south,  and  the  appearance  of  a  flotilla 
on  the  lake  induced  a  surrender.  Burke,  the 
Governor,"  adds  O'Conor,  "  is  charged  with  treachery 
and  cowardice  in  King  James's  Memoir;  it  would 
appear  rather  that  vanity  induced  the  defence,  and 
incapacity  the  surrender  ;''f  and  it  does  appear  from 
Story  that  the  Governor  had  no  greater  artillery  in 

•  Walkers  Siege  of  Deny,  p.  61. 
t  O'Connor's  Milit.  Mem.  p.  135 

LL  2 

.516  RING  James's  irisu  army  list. 

the  place  than  'two  small  Turkish  pieces  mounted 
upon  old  cart  wheels/*     The  Irish  Engineer,  Lieuten- 

ant^Colonel    Burton,   was    slain. Colonel    David 

Burke  was  killed  at  Aughrim  with  another  Ulick 
Burke,  who  had  been  for  a  time  Governor  of  Galway;f 
while  a  Colonel  Neill  Burke,  his  Lieutenant,  with 
Colonel  Walter  Burke  and  Lonl  Bophin,  w^re  taken 
prisoners.  On  the  2nd  of  September,  1691,  writes 
Story,  "  Brigadier  Levison,  learning  where  Lord  Mer- 
rion's  and  Lord  Brittas's  Regiments  lay,  marched  as 
privately  as  he  could  that  way  ;  and  about  one 
o'clock  in  the  morning  he  fell  in  with  them,  killing 
several  and  disj^rsing  tlie  rest,  Lord  Merrion  himself 
(Thomas  Fitz- William)  escaping  narrowly.  Then  he 
divided  his  party  to  pui'sue  their  broken  troops,  but 
they  knowing  that  country,  made  most  of  them  a 
shift  to  escape."J 

The  Colonel  of  this  Regiment  was  a  Privy  Council- 
lor,  and  was  appointed  Governor  of  Galway  by  King 
James  ;  which,  having  been  l)esieged  by  De  Ginkle 
fourteen  days  after  the  battle  of  Aughrim,  he  was 
compelled  to  surrender.§  O'Conor,  in  his  Military 
Memoirs^  (vol.  1,  p.  161)  denounces  this  surrender 
jis  a  treacherous  compromise.  "  Lord  Clanricarde," 
writes  that  historian, "  inherited  neither  the  courage 
nor  the  loyalty  of  his  ancestor,  the  great  Earl  of  St. 

*  Impartial  Hist.  pt.  2,  p.  87. 
t  Clarke's  James  II.,  v.  2.  p.  459. 
J  Impartial  Histor}',  pt,  2,  p.  204. 
§  Clarke*s  James  II.  vol  2,  p.  469. 


Albans ;  he  compounded  his  honor  for  personal 
security,  and,  quitting  the  service  of  James,  remained 
at  GaJway,  though  by  the  capitulation  he  was  at 
liberty  to  march  to  Limerick."  The  Outlawries  of 
1691  include  this  Earl  by  two  Inquisitions,  William, 
Baron  of  Castleconnell,  and  Ulick,  Lord  Viscount 
Galway,  Lord  Brittas,  and  John  his  son  ;  eighteen 
Burkes  or  Bourkes  in  Mayo  ;  John  Burke  of  Ower, 
and  fifteen  others  in  Galway  ;  six  in  Limerick,  five  in 
Roscommon,  two  in  Dublin  and  Wexford  respectively, 
and  one  in  each  of  the  Counties  of  Sligo,  Cavan,  and 
the  Queen's.  In  1696,  the  name  of  the  Lady  Honora 
Burke,  alias  Sarsfield,  and  then  Duchess  of  Berwick 
before  alluded  to,  was  entered  in  the  Outlawries.  Sir 
Ulick  the  Baronet  was  also  attainted,  but  adjudged 
within  the  benefit  of  the  Articles  of  Limerick.  The 
achievements  of  the  Brigade  of  Colonel  Walter  Burke, 
styled  *  the  Regiment  of  Athlone,'  are  referred  to  that 
Colonel's  own  Regiment  in  this  service,  hereafter 
noticed,  but  it  may  be  here  added  that  a  Regiment 
commanded  by  a  son  of  the  attainted  Lord  of  Castle- 
connell was  distinguished  at  the  battle  of  Cremona  ; 
while,  at  that  of  LauflBeld  in  1747,  Walter  Burke 
was  taken  prisoner  in  Bulkeley's  Regiment ;  and 
in  Dillon's,  Captain  Pierce  *  Bourke '  was  killed,  and 
Captain  Anthony  Bourk  wounded. 



The  Sept  of  the  O'Maddens  were  chiefs  of  what  is  now 
styled  the  Barony  of  Longford  in  the  County  of 
Galway,  with  a  portion  of  the  parish  of  Lusmagh  in 
the  King's  County,  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  Shan- 
non ;  this  whole  territory  being  in  the  Chronicles  of 
the  country  called  '  Silanchia.'  The  Annals  of  Ulster 
record  the  death  of  Matodhan,  Lord  of  Silanchia,  in 
the  year  1008,  who  seems  to  have  given  their  distinc- 
tive name  to  his  descendants.  In  1059,  Melaghlin 
O'Madden  was  the  leader  of  a  military  expedition  re- 
corded by  the  Four  Masters.  The  same  Chronicle 
mentions  the  death  of  Matodhan  O'Madden,  chief  of 
Silanchia,  in  1096  ;  and  subsequently  gives  various 
other  annals  of  this  family.  In  1540,  the  Lord 
Deputy  was  instructed  to  confirm  treaties  between  tlie 
King  and  Melaghlin  O'Madden  and  Hugh  O'Madden, 
Chiefs  of  their  country.*  In  1567,  on  the  submission 
of  Donald  O'Madden,  who  prayed  "  to  be  recognised  in 
the  Captaincy  of  his  Sept,  (with  the  country  of  Long- 
fort  and  Silankey,  commonly  called  O'Madden's 
country,  whereof  Hugh  Mac  Melaghlin  Ballagh 
O'Madden,  deceased,  was  the  late  Captain)  his  petition 
was  granted,  on  the  condition  of  said  Donald  paying 
to  the  Lord  Deputy  at  MuUingar,  for  a  fine,  eighty  fat 
heifers."f  When,  in  eighteen  years  after.  Sir  John 
Perrot  assembled  the  Conciliation  Parliament  in  Dub- 

*  State  Papers,  temp.  Henry  VIII. ,  pt.  3  continued,  p.  171. 
t  Roll  0  Eliz.  in  Chancery. 


lin,  "thither  went  O'Madden,  Lord  of  Siol-Amcha, 
namely  Donald,  the  son  of  John,  son  of  Breasal,"  i.  e. 
the  same  Donald  of  1567.     The   O'Maddens   were, 
however,  soon  after  implicated  in  such  resistance  to 
the  government,  as  led  to  deaths  and  confiscations  of 
many  of  the  name;  and  in  1606,  John  King,  of  Dub- 
lin, had  a  grant  of  the  estates  of  various  O'Maddens 
in  the  County  of  Galway  and  the  King's  County, 
'  slain  in  rebellion  ;'    as  had  also  Sir  John  Davis,  the 
Attorney-General  of  the  day,  of  others  described  as 
the   estate   of  Bresail   O'Madden    of  the  County  of 
Clare,  'slain  in  rebellion.'     In  1612,  however,  Donald 
O'Madden,  then  still  the  Captain,  settled  on  trustees 
his  Manor  and  Castle  of  Longfort,  and  all  his  other 
estates  in  that  part  of  the  County  of  Galway,  to  hold 
to  the  use  of  Ambrose  O'Madden  his  son  and  heir  in 
tail  male  ;  with  remainder  to  his  other  sons  Malachy 
and  Donell,  and  their  respective  heirs  male  ;  remainder 
to  Brasil  O'Madden,  son  of  Hugh,  one  of  the  sons  of 
Donell,   in  tail   male  ;   remainder  to   the   heirs    of 
Ambrose  O'Madden  in  fee.*     A  Manuscript  Book  of 
Obits  in  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  (F.  IV.  18.)  con- 
tains links  of  the  pedigree  of  the  O'Maddens  of  Bag- 
gotrath,  near  Dublin,  through  six  generations  of  the 
16th  and  17th  centuries,  also  some  links  of  those  of 
Donore,  County  of  Dublin. 

Besides  the  above  Lieutenant-Colonel,  Michael 
Madden  was  an  Ensign  in  this  Regiment,  John  Mad- 
den a  Lieutenant  in  the  Earl  of  Tyrone's  ;  another 

*  Patent  Roll  James  I. 

520  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

John  an  Ensign  in  Lord  Bophin's,  and  in  Colonel 
Heward  Oxburgh's  Hugh  Madden  was  a  Captain,  and 
John  a  Lieutenant.  This  Lieutenant-Colonel  Edward 
was  taken  prisoner  at  the  battle  of  Aughrim  ;*  but| 
having  afterwards  obtained  his  liberty,  he  repaired  to 
France,  where,  as  before  mentioned,  ante,  p.  4 7  8,  he  was 
commissioned  as  Major  in  the  Brigade  of  Fitz-James, 
the  Grand  Prior.  Five  of  this  name  were  attainted 
in  1691. 


This  family  claims  descent  from  Nial  of  the  Nine 
Hostages,  one  of  the  most  illustrious  of  Irish  Kings, 
and  whose  reign  synchronises  with  the  time  of  the 
Saviour.  The  Sept  extended  itself  at  a  very  remote 
period  over  Munster  and  Connaught,  as  well  as  in 
the  Barony  of  Clonlonan,  County  of  Westmeath ; 
and,  through  the  long  lapse  of  years,  have  they  been 
eminently  distinguished  as  poets  and  annalists,  and 
are  so  commemorated  by  the  Four  Masters.  In 
1337,  died  Lewis  O'Daly,  Bishop  of  Clonmacnoise, 
while  that  interesting  locality  was  yet  a  Bishop's  See. 

About  the  same  time O'Daly  of  Munster  had  a 

grant  of  Moynter-barry,  on  a  customary  tenure  of 
that  time,  of  being  Rythmour  or  Chronicler  of  the 
Chief  Lord  and  of  his  achievements,  f      In   1410, 

*  Story's  Impartial  History,  pt.  2,  p.  188. 
t  Pacata  Hibernia,  p.  529. 


John  O'Daly  had  licence  from  the  crown  for  making 
a  pilgrimage  to  Rome,  the  penalties  against  absentee- 
ism  making  such  a  sanction  necessary.  In  1436, 
Nicholas  O'Daly  was  by  the  Pope's  Bull  appointed 
Bishop  of  Athenry.  It  is  alleged  that  in  the  middle 
of  the  succeeding  century,  in  consequence  of  a  wish 
expressed  by  the  King  of  Denmark  to  Queen  Eliza- 
beth, to  have  Irish  manuscripts  then  in  his  possession 
translated,  one  Donald  Daly  was  selected  for  the 
work ;  but  that  the  project  was  abandoned,  being 
opposed  in  Council,  '  lest  it  might  be  prejudicial  to 
the  English  interest.'  In  1582,  Robert  Daly  died 
Bishop  of  Kildare.  In  1606,  John  King,  of  Dublin, 
had  a  grant  of  parcel  of  the  estate  of  Morrogh  O'Daly 
of  Ballinakill  in  the  King's  County,  '  slain  in  rebel- 
lion.' By  a  remarkable  deed  of  1612,  Donough,  son 
of  Laughlin  Roe  O'Daly  of  Finvara  in  the  County 
of  Clare,  "  in  consideration  of  six  pounds  of  pure 
crowned  stamped  money  of  England,  (as  pure,  as 
refined,  and  as  valuable  as  that  coin  now  is  in  Eng- 
land,  and  as  it  was  when  first  it  was  made  current, 
consisting  of  four  ounces  to  every  pound,)"  then  stated 
to  have  been  received  by  said  Donough  from  An- 
thony, son  of  James,  son  of  Ambrose  Lynch  ofGalway, 
merchant,  conveyed  to  him  certain  premises  in  Finvara, 
with  royalties  '  over  and  under  ground,'  as  his  pro- 
portion of  the  estate  of  Finvara  held  by  the  Daly 
family  from  the  Earl  of  Thomond.*  Early  in  the 
Civil   war  of  1641,   the    Marquis    of   Clanricarde 

*  Hardiman's  Ancient  Deeds,  pp.  91-2. 

522  KING  James's  irisu  a&my  list. 

committed  the  custody  and  safe-keeping  of  the  Castle 
of  Clare-Galway  to  Lieutenant  Dermot  O'Daly,  '  who 
did  very  good  service  there/  He  was  the  grandson  of 
Dermot  O'Daly,  who  in  1478  obtained  a  grant  of  the 
Manor  of  Lerha  with  all  its  appurtenances.  The  At- 
tainders of  1641  comprise  the  names  of  Loughlin 
Daly  of  Little  Clonshaugh,  County  of  Dublin  ;  Donogh 
Hugh  Buy  Daly  of  Neeston,  County  of  Kildare  ;  and 
Eneas  O'Daly  of  Ballyrowne,  County  of  Cork.  In 
1662,  died  Daniel  O'Daly  a  native  of  Kerry,  who  had 
founded  the  Dominican  convent  at  Lisbon  ;  he  after- 
wards  became  an  especial  favourite  and  confidential 
ambassador  of  the  Duke  of  Braganza,  when  that  noble- 
man succeeded  to  the  throne  of  Portugal.  O'Daly 
wrote  a  work  giving  fiill  historical  particulars  of  the 
family  of  Desmond,  long  rare,  but  now  reprinted. 
He  was  himself  buried  in  the  convent  he  had  so  estab- 

In  this  Regiment,  besides  Captain  Charles,  Paul, 
Hugh  and  Thady  Daly  were  Lieutenants,  and  the 
name  was  in  commission  in  four  others.  This  Captain 
Charles  was  of  the  Dunsandle  family,  and  in  King 
James's  Parliament  of  1689  was  one  of  the  Represent- 
atives for  the  Borough  of  Athenry  ;  as  was  Richard 
Daly  of  Kilcorky  for  that  of  Newborough,  County  of 
Wexford.  Charles  was  brother  of  the  Right  Honora- 
ble Denis  Daly,  who  was  appointed  one  of  the  Justices 
of  the  Common  Pleas  in  Ireland  at  the  commencement 
of  the  reign  of  James  the  Second.  Colonel  O'Kelly,  in 
tlie  ''Eoccidium  Macarice^'  while  he  admits  his  '  great 


knowledge  of  the  law/  says  he  was  one  of  Tyrconners 
confidants,  and  therefore  imprisoned  in  Galway  by  the 
young  Duke  of  Berwick,  as  on  suspicion  of  keeping 
private  correspondence  with  the  common  enemy ;  but, 
adds  O'Kelly,  "his  deliverer  was  near  at  hand,  for, 
within  a  few  days  after  his  confinement,  he  had  the 
good  fortune  to  hear  of  Tyrconners  landing  at  Lime- 
rick  ;  and  no  sooner  was  he  arrived  there,  than  he 
made  use  of  his  prerogative  to  enlarge  the  Judge,  and 
restore  him,  without  further  trial,  to  his  former 
station  and  dignity.*  He  was  included  in  the 
Attainders  of  1691,  but  in  1698  obtained  a  pardon 
from  the  Crown  as  in  pursuance  of  the  Capitulation  of 
Galway,  and  the  special  promise  of  the  Earl  of  Ath- 
lone.  The  Dalys  attainted  in  1691  were  Peter  and 
Terence  of  Killileigli,  County  of  Westmeath,  (Thomas 
Daly  was  then  the  head  of  the  Killileigh  line,  but  was 
a  minor)  ;  Eugene  of  Cork,  merchant ;  John,  also 
of  Cork  ;  John  of  Cloghrevanny,  County  of  Galway  ; 
Edward  of  Kilmeny,  do.  ;  with  the  above  Judge 
Denis  and  Captain  Charles.  At  the  sale  of  1703  by 
the  Commissioners  of  the  Forfeited  Estates,  Colonel 
John  Eyre  of  Eyrecourt  purchased  the  lands  of  Bally- 
house  and  Killevany  in  the  Barony  of  Longford  and 
County  of  Galway,  the  estate  of  Teigue  or  Hugh  Daly, 
attainted.  This  Hugh  was  the  father  of  Teigue,  which 
latter  had  died  in  1691,  leaving  four  sons,  the  three 
elder  of  whom  were  in  King  James's  army,  and  after 
the  surrender  of  Limerick  went  into  France.     Lough- 

*  O'Callagban's  Excid.  Mac.  p.  106. 

524  KING  James's  iRisn  army  list. 

I'm  Daly,  the  fourth  son.  subsequently  in  1711  s«Mi}rht 
to  recover  these  estates  from  the  Eyres  by  proceedings 
in  Chancery,  alleging  that  the  conveyance  fn?m  the 
Trustees  was  for  his  benefit:  but  his  claim  was  de^ 

In  1746,  Ensign  Daly  in  Monroes  Regiment  was 
one  of  those  wounde^l  at  the  battle  of  Culloden.  The 
Mayor  of  Gal  way  from  1761  to  some  few  years  since 
was  in  almost  unbroken  succession  a  Daly,  while  the 
Parliamentary  representation  of  the  town  was  like- 
wise long  held  by  the  family. 


This  individual  was  the  proprietor  of  Templeogue  in 
the  County  of  Dublin,  and  represented  the  borough  of 
Ath(;nry  in  King  James's  Parliament.  At  the  battle 
of  Aughrim  he  had  the  command  of  a  Regiment,  and 
was  there  killed.*  He  forfeited  largely  in  the  County 
of  Galway,  and  in  the  County  and  City  of  Dublin. 
II is  estates  in  the  latter  county  were  sold  by  the  com- 
missioners of  the  forfeitures  to  Sir  Compton  Domville, 


This  officer  is  d(?scribed  in  the  Inquisition  on  his  out- 
lawry Jis  of  Bally  vaughan,  County  of  Limerick  ;  but 

♦  Story's  Impartial  History,  pt.  2,  p.  188. 


his  confiscations  were  of  estates  in  that  of  Clare. 
John  Stephenson  was  an  attesting  witness  to  the  ar- 
tides  of  Galway.  In  the  reign  of  James  the  First, 
William  and  Richard  'Stevenson*  had  patents  of  na- 
turalization, and  the  name  was  yet  earlier  introduced 
in  Munster  in  the  time  of  Elizabeth.  In  1600,  the 
custody  of  the  castle  of  Corkroge  on  the  Shannon  was 
entrusted  to  Oliver  Stephenson*  who  became  a  Col- 
onel in  the  Austrian  service,  but  in  1648  petitioned 
Ferdinand  the  Third  to  permit  him  to  resign  his  com- 
mission and  fight  against  Cromwell  when  invading 
Ireland.f  His  prayer  was  granted,  and  he  afterwards 
fell  at  the  battle  of  Liscarrol.  It  may  be  observed 
that  an  Oliver  Stephenson  was  Captain  on  this  List  in 
Colonel  Koger  Mc  Ellicott's  Infantry,  where  Nicholas 
Stephenson  was  his  Lieutenant. 


This  historic  name  has  been  early  projected  on  the 
Irish  chronicles.  In  1302,  Henry  de  Bermingham, 
afterwards  Sheriflf  of  Connaught,J  was  one  of  the 
*  Magnates'  of  Ireland  who  attended  the  Earl  of  Uls- 
ter on  the  Royal  summons  to  the  Scottish  war ;  soon 
afl«r  which  Sir  John  Bermingham  was  created  Earl 

*  Pacata  Hibemia,  p.  123. 

t  O'Conor's  Hist.  Address,  pt.  2,  p.  466. 

X  Harris's  Hibemica,  pt.  2,  p.  85. 

526  KING  James's  irish  army  list. 

of  Louth,  by  reason  of  his  gallant  and  successfiil  resis- 
tance to  Bruce's  invasion.  It  is  recorded  that  on  the 
death  of  Lord  Walter  de  Benningham  in  1354,  in- 
debted to  the  King,  his  estates  with  his  armour  were 
taken  by  the  Escheator  ;  but  King  Edward  at  once 
restored  the  armour  piece  by  piece,  as  in  a  schedule, 
to  Sir  Robert  de  Preston,  who  was  guardian  of  Lord 
Walter's  infant  son,  in  trust  to  deliver  same  to  him  on 
his  coming  of  age.*  In  1402,  John  Bermingham  was 
appointed  a  Justice  of  the  King  s  Bench  in  Ireland. 
In  1464,  Philip  Bermingham  was  constituted  Chief 
Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas  there;  he,  in  1488,  did 
homage  to  Sir  Richard  Edgecombe.  In  1489,  Wil- 
liam Bermingham  died  Chief  Justice  of  the  King's 
Bench,  to  which  high  judicial  oflSce  Patrick  Berming- 
ham was  appointed  in  1521.  At  the  meeting  of  the 
Irish  Parliament  in  1541,  considerable  surprise  is 
said  to  have  been  caused  by  the  unexpected  attendance 
of  Lord  Bermingham  of  Athenry,  Lord  Barry,  Lord 
Roche,  and  Lord  Fitz-Morris  ;  'which  Lords  had  not 
been  here  for  many  years  before.'f  These  noblemen, 
together  with  the  Earls  of  Ormond  and  Desmond,  and 
the  Baron  of  Upper  Ossory,  previous  to  opening  Par- 
liament,  as  Saint  Leger  the  Lord  Deputy  in  his  zeal 
announced  to  Henry  the  Eighth,  "attended  the  solemn 
mass  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  the  most  part  of  them  in  their 
robes,  and  rode  on  in  procession,  in  such  sort  as  the  like 
thereof  has   not  been   seen  here   of  many   years.''J 

*  Lynch  on  Feudal  Dignities,  p.  12.  f  Idem,  p.  88. 

I  State  Papers,  temp,  Henry  VIII.  pt.  8  continued,  p.  804- 


Lord  Athenry  sat  in  the  Parliament  of  1560  ;  and, 
in  seven  years  after,  having  avowed  himself  to  the 
Queen  under  recognizance,  a  faithful  subject  of  the 
Crown,  and  offered  to  surrender  his  estates  for  himself 
and  his  Sept,  and  to  receive  back  from  her  Majesty  the 
same  according  to  her  pleasure,  she  in  consideration 
thereof  directed  a  patent  to  pass  to  him  accordingly 
in  tail  male.*  He  sat  as  a  Peer  in  the  Parliament  of 
1585.  The  Attainders  of  1642  present  the  names  of 
the  above  William  Bermingham,  described  as  of  Bally- 
namallough.  County  of  Kildare  ;  John  Bermingham 
of  Raheen  and  Muckland,  with  six  others  of  the  name 
in  the  County  of  Cavan,  and  three  in  that  of  Dublin, 
one  in  Wicklow,  and  one  in  Meath.  At  the  Supreme 
Council  of  Kilkenny,  Francis  Bermingham,  then  Lord 
Athenry,  sat  as  a  Temporal  Peer  :  with  four  Ber- 
minghams  in  the  Commons.  This  Lord  Athenry  was, 
in  1652,  excepted  by  Cromwell's  Ordinance  from  par- 
don for  life  and  estate. 

Besides  the  above  Captains,  the  name  appears  on 
this  List  commissioned  in  three  other  Regiments.  In 
King  James's  Parliament  of  1689  sat  this  Lord 
Athenry  as  one  of  the  Peers,  while  the  above  John 
Bermingham,  who  was  Portrieve  of  Castlebar  in  its 
new  Charter,  sat  as  one  of  its  Representatives.  Near 
the  close  of  this  campaign,  on  the  19th  of  August, 
1691,  by  the  Articles  for  the  surrender  of  the  island 
and  garrison  of  Bophin,  "Lord  Athenry  and  Colonel 
John  Kelly,  with  all  the  inhabitants  of  said  island, 

*  Lynch  on  Feudal  Dignities,  p.  216. 


were  permitted  to  possess  and  enjoy  their  estates 
therein,  as  they  held  them  under  the  Acts  of  Settle- 
ment and  Explanation."*  The  Attainders  of  1691 
include  the  names  of  the  above  Lord  Athenry ;  of  said 
Captain,  described  as  John  Bermingham  of  Gastlebar, 
County  of  Mayo;  with  two  of  the  name  in  Meath,  two 
in  the  Queen's  County,  three  in  Kildare,  and  two  in 


The  family  of  D'Arcy,  writes  Burke,f  "ranks  with 
the  most  eminent  established  in  England  by  the  Nor- 
man  conquest,  and  amongst  the  peerages  of  past  times. 
There  are  two  Baronies  in  abeyance^  one  forfeited 
Barony,  and  three  extinct  Baronies,  all  of  which  had 
been  conferred  upon  the  House  of  D'Arcy,  besides  the 
extinct  Earldom  of  Holderness."  The  D'Arcys  of 
Hyde  Park  are  the  chief  and  eldest  existing  line  of 
this  ancient  race  in  Ireland,  and  to  Sir  Bernard  Burke's 
memoir  of  that  House  the  genealogical  inquirer  is 
best  referred.  Of  this  family.  Sir  John  D'Arcy, 
Knight,  had  been  Chief  Justiciary  and  Governor  of 
Ireland  in  1324,  1327,  and  1341  ;  on  the  latter 
occasion,  the  appointment  was  made  to  him  for  life. 
He  had  large  grants  to  him  and  his  heirs  male  of 
manors  and  lands  in  the  County  of  Westmeath,  with 

*  Story's  Impartial  History,  pt.  2,  p.  201. 
t  Landed  Gentry,  p.  306. 


Knight's  fees  and  advowsons  of  churches;  and,  marry- 
ing twice,  had  by  his  first  wife  a  son,  who  was  ances- 
tor of  the  D'Arcys,  Barons  D'Arcy  and  Moynell,  and 
of  the  Earls  of  Holdemess.  His  second  wife  was 
Jane,  daughter  of  Richard  de  Burgh,  Earl  of  Ulster, 
and  widow  of  Thomas  Fitz-John,  Earl  of  Kildare;  upon 
which  marriage  he  settled  in  Ireland,  and  became  the 
founder  of  the  family  of  Flatten,  from  which  the  other 
D'Arcys  of  this  country  have  branched.  When  Lam- 
bert Simnel  shook  the  allegiance  of  Ireland,  and  was 
crowned  King  at  Christ  Church  Cathedral  in  1487, 
it  is  related  that  Sir  William  D'Arcy  of  Flatten  bore 
him  out  on  his  shoulders,  after  the  ceremony,  to  the 
deluded  multitude.  Sir  William  was  however  par- 
doned in  the  following  year,  on  doing  homage  to  Sir 
Richard  Edgecombe. 

The  Attainders  of  1642  present  the  names  of  Ni- 
cholas D'Arcy  of  Flatten,  County  of  Meath  (who  had 
attended  the  great  meeting  at  the  hill  of  Crofty), 
Francis  D'Arcy  of  Ballymdunt,  County  of  Kildare  ; 
and  Christopher  of  Athlumney,  County  of  Meath. 
Nicholas  of  Flatten  had,  however,  a  Decree  of  Inno- 
cence in  1666,  and  was  further  restored  to  his  estates 
by  patent  of  1670.  Fatrick  D'Arcy  of  the  Galway  line 
was  one  of  the  Confederate  Catholics  who  sat  at  Kil- 
kenny in  1646,  and  he  was  accordingly  excepted  from 
pardon  for  life  and  estate  in  Cromwell's  Act  of  1652. 
In  the  Establishment  of  1685,  Sir  William  D'Arcy  was 
placed  for  a  pension  of  £400  per  annum  ;  while,  in 
the  new  Charter  of  1687  to  Galway,  six  D'Arcys  were 



appointed  Burgesses.  Besides  the  above  Lieutenant, 
there  appear  on  this  Army  List,  Nicholas  D'Arcy,  a 
Cornet  in  Lord  Dongan's  Dragoons  (afterwards 
wounded  at  Deny),  and  Thomas  D'Arcy,  a  Quarter- 
Master  in  Sir  Neill  CNeill's.  A  short  time  previous 
to  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  Killeshandra,  which  was 
garrisoned  by  one  hundred  and  sixty  Irish  under  the 
command  of  a  Captain  D'Arcy,  was  obliged  to  surrender 
to  Colonel  Wolseley.*  Those  attainted  in  1691  were 
Nicholas  D'Arcy,  described  as  of  Flatten  (who  had 
been  nominated  an  Alderman  in  King  James's  Charter 
to  Drogheda),  George  D'Arcy  his  son,  and  Thomas 
D'Arcy  of  Corbetstown  and  Porterstown,  County  of 
Westmeath.  Various  claims  were  preferred  at  Chi- 
chester House  in  1700,  as  affecting  the  confiscations 
of  Nicholas  D'Arcy  in  Westmeath. 


This  officer  was  of  a  family  that,  as  appears  from  the 
Patent  Rolls  of  James,  settled  about  this  time  in  the 
County  of  Galway,  and,  as  well  fh)m  the  date  of  its 
migration  being  contemporaneous  with  the  planting 
of  Ulster,  as  from  the  adoption  of  the  same  christian 
names,  appears  to  have  branched  from  the  illustrious 
House  of  Mac  Mahon,  dynast  of  Monaghan.  His 
father,  Bryan  Mahon  the  Elder,  of  Loughrea,  was  in 
1665  possessed  of  considerable  property  in  that  neigh- 

*  Rawdon  Papers,  p.  822. 



bourhood,  the  leasehold  portion  of  which,  having  been 
held  under  Lord  Bophin,  was,  on  the  attainder  of  that 
nobleman,  the  subject  of  claim  before  the  Commis- 
sioners at  Chichester  House,  on  the  part  of  his  widow 
Maggin  Mahon,  alias  Power,  who  was  afterwards 
interred  with  her  husband  in  the  family  vault  at  the 
old  Abbey  of  Loughrea.  They  left  two  sons  ;  the 
elder,  James,  became  the  ancestor  of  the  Mahons  of 
Beech-hill,  County  of  Galway ;  the  second,  this  Bryan, 
who  was  advanced  to  a  Captaincy  before  his  death, 
(which  occurred  in  1719),  became  a  conformist,  and 
was  ancestor  of  the  Baronets  of  Castlegar. 





The  Colonel 

Archibald  M-Donnel. 

Randall  M'Donnell. 

BfArk  Talbot, 

Denis  CallsghAn. 


Junes  Wogan, 

Francis  Moore. 

Con.  O'Ronike. 


Lord  of  Enniskillen. 

;  Eneas  M*Donnel. 

>  Francis  O'Neill. 

Hogh  O'NeOL 

Bryan  O'Neill. 

Angostine  McDonnell, 

Edmund  0*Beil]j. 

Bryan  Magrath. 

Fran.  BeUly. 

Manna  O'Donnell. 

Bryan  O'Neill. 

John  O'Cahan. 


Terence  M'Sweeny. 

Eneas  M'DonneU. 

Dmiel  M'Donald. 

John  O'Neill 

Turlogh  O'Neill. 

Biyan  M'Ginnia. 

John  M'Donald. 


Arthor  MagiU. 

MM  2 



About  the  middle  of  the  fifteenth  century,  the 
McDonnels  or  McConnells,  Lords  of  the  Western 
Isles  of  Scotland,  established  a  branch  of  their  family 
in  Antrim,  by  the  marriage  of  John  McConnell  with 
Sarah,  daughter  of  Phelim  O'Neill  of  Clandeboy.  He 
thereupon  principally  resided  in  Ireland,  and  the 
alliance  seems  to  have  given  rise  to  a  claim  set  up 
by  the  McConnells  to  Clandeboy.  John  Mc  Connell, 
junior,  his  heir,  was  knighted  by  King  James  the 
Fourth  of  Scotland  ;  but  afterwards,  about  1494,  re- 
belled against  him,  for  which  he  and  three  of  his  sons 
were  taken  and  executed  at  Edinburgh.  The  two 
eldest,  Alexander  and  Angus,  on  the  deaths  of  their 
kindred,  fled  to  Ireland,  where  Mac  Cahane  gave  his 
daughter  Catherine  in  marriage  to  Alexander.  James, 
the  heir  of  that  marriage,  passed  over  to  Scotland, 
leaving  his  brother  'Sorleboy'  to  hold  possession  of  the 
Glyns  in  Antrim.  He,  however,  having  been  after- 
wards, about  1565,  hardly  pressed  by  the  O'Neill,  soli- 
cited and  obtained  his  brother's  assistance.  O'Neill  at 
once  gave  them  battle  with  signal  success,  James  was 
killed,  and  Sorleboy  taken  prisoner;  they  had  a  brother, 
Angus  the  younger,  also  killed  on  this  occasion.  Sor- 
leboy afterwards  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Con 
( Boccagh)  O'Neill,  by  whom  he  had  issue  James,  who 
was  knighted  by  James  the  Sixth  on  visiting  Edin- 


burgh*  Sorleboy  remained  in  Ireland,  having  been 
established  on  his  estates  by  Queen  Elizabeth,  but  his 
brothers  returned  to  Scotland ;  and  one  of  their  de- 
scendants, Coll  Kittach,  the  son  of  Archibald,  was 
father  to  AlisterMac  Coll,  who,  as  hereafter  mentioned, 
was  sent  by  the  first  Marquis  of  Antrim  to  join 
Montrose  at  Tippermuir.  Coll  Kittach  himself  be- 
came the  prisoner  of  the  Marquis  of  Argyle,  and  was 
executed  at  Dunstaffnage,  near  Oban. 

An  old  family  Manuscript  of  the  Mac  Quillanes, 
purporting  to  give  a  catalogue  of  the  Orgillian  Princes, 
descended  from  Colla  Uais,  the  grandson  of  King 
Carbry,  mentions  Mugdome  as  the  38th  on  this  suc- 
cession, in  whose  time  it  says, "  in  1580,  Coll  Mac  Don- 
nell  came  to  Ireland,  being  the  fifth  lineal  descendant 
from  Donald,  King  or  Lord  of  the  Hebrides  and  of 
'  Cantyre.  His  clandestine  marriage  with  a  daughter 
of  Mac  Quillan,  Lord  of  Rathmor-Mac-Quillan,  now 
Dunluce,  was  the  cause  of  a  war  between  these  two 
families  ;  which  was  not  terminated  till  1610,  when 
James  the  First  of  England  unjustly  deprived 
Mac  Quillan  of  his  lands,  and  divided  them  amongst 
his  patentees,  which  lands  are  now  some  of  the  best 
improved  in  Ireland.  To  Mc  Donnell,  the  son-in-law 
or  brother-in-law  of  Mac  Quillan,  he  gave